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Chronology of the Year 1919 ' mmmmmmmmmmmmmm if r :1-J L.t HI DirVADH K i WAR AND PEACE Jan. 2 President Wilson arrived In Italy. British landed troops in Riga, I.lbau and Windnu tu combat the bolshevikl. .tan. 3 President tVllson received In Koine. Hoover made head of International re lief organization. Poles In rul I possession of Posen. Jan. 4 New Serbian-Croatian-Slovene government formed at Belgrade, ttolshevikl captured Riga. Jan. 6 Civil war between government forces and the Spartacans broke out In Berlin; the latter captured the Spaudau arsenal. Jan. 7 President Wilson returned to Paris. Uerlln rioters forced Gen. Harries to haul down the American I In tí. K.bert faction on top in Berlin after se vere street lighting. Jan. 9 Independent socialists set up new government in Uerlln. Jan. 10 Republic proclaimed In Luxem burg, but suppressed ,at once by the French. Jan. 11 Socialist republic proclulmed In Bremen. Count Karolyl made president of Hun garian republic. Jan. 12 Supreme council of peace con gress held Its first meeting in Paris. Spaitacana defeated in Berlin. Spartacans gained control oí Constance, Itaden. Jan. 13 Many Spartacans executed In Uerlln. Jan. 16 Grand Duchess Marie of Lux emburg abdicated and was succeeded by her sister Charlotte. Jan. lt Karl Llebknecht and Rosa Lux emburg killed In Berlin. Jan. 17 Counter-revolution broke out In Petrograd and bolslievikl began retreat eastward from Esthonia. Armistice granted Germany extended one month. Jan. l-lnterallled peace congress for mally opened. .tan. 19 Bolshevists captured Kiev. Polish coalition, cabinet formed by Pn derewskl. Cernían elections resulted generally fa vorably to the majority socialists. Jan. 20 White Russia proclaimed its union with the Russian soviet republic. Jan. 22 Allied supreme council asked Russian factions to send representative to conference at the Princes' islands. Sea of Marmora, Jan. 25 American troops forced to re treat from 8henkursk, northern Russia. Peace conference adopted plan for Iague of Rations. Czecha captured Oderburg from the Poles. Jan. 26 President Wilson visited the Chateau Thierry and Reims regions. Keb. 1 Plan of giving German colonies to allied countries as mandatories of ieague of Nations adopted by supreme council. Peo. 4 Fighting between Czechs and i'file slopped by order of supreme council. Americans defeated bolslievikl at Vistav ka, northern Russia, German government troops bombarded Bremen and ejected the Spartacans. Keb. 6 German national assembly opened In Weimar. Feb. 8 Russlun anarchists evacuated Vltna, Keb. Polish constitutional assembly met in Warsaw., , Keb. 11-Friederlch Ebert elected presi dent of German republic and Philipp tk-heidemann made premier. Keb. 12-Republican revolt In Rnumanla; King Ferdinand slightly wounded. Keb, 1.1 Draft of League of Nations plan completed and adopted by commis sion. Gen. Denlklne' antl-holshevik army reached the Caspian after heating hi aoviet army and taking 31.OU0 prisoners. Keb. 10 President YVilson sailed for home. Keb. IB Germans accepted new terms for renewal of armistice, under protest. Keb. lfl Premier Clemenceau shot In shoulder by an anarchist. Governments of Siberia Archangel and .Southern Russia formally rejected the proposal for conference at Princes' Islands. Keb. 21 Premier Kurt Eisner and sev eral other members of the Bavarian gov. rnment assassinated, v Feb. 24 President Wilson landed In Bos ton and spoke In behalf of League of Na tions plan March 5 President Wilson sailed for Paris. March -Many Spartacans summarily executed In Berlin after bloody battles March 13 President Wilson landed In France. March 19 Ukrainians captured Lemberg from Poles. 'March 22 Count Karolyl, head of pro visional government of Hungary, re signed, and new government proclaimed ulldarlty and armed alliance with the Russian soviet government. March 25 British Secretary of War Churchill announced Egypt was In a vir tual state of insurrection. March 31 General strikes and fatal riots 4n Berlin and other German cities. April 1 Several hundreds , killed in trlke riots In Frankfort April 4 Soviet government established In Munich Antanas 8metonas elected president of Lithuanian republic. April 7 Ukrainian soviet troops captured Odessa. . General, strike In Magdeburg, followed by riots. April 9 Government troops regained possession of Magdeburg and Essen. April 10 Geneva, Switzerland, chosen as seat of League of Nations. American engineers reached Murmansk.- April lf Gen. Halter's Polish divisions teft France for Poland. April IS Iibau seized by German troops and Lettish, provisional government over thrown. - " - April 17 First bolshevik army, on the Prlpet, surrendered to Ukrainians. April IS Soldiers' council took control of Vienna. April lit Reds put to rout In Vienna. April 20 F.vacuatlon of Sebastopol by allies announced. ,. April 21 Victory loan campaign' opened In V S. Ukrainians took Kiev from bolshevik!. April 24 President Wilson declared Italy could not have Flume, and the Italian delegates abandoned the peace confer ence Mexico declared It would not recognize (lie Monroe doctrine, and withdrew Its minister to France. April 2H league of Nations covenant onanlmously adopted by peace confer-' once April 29-Oerman peace envoys reached Versailles. April 30 Peace council decided dispute over Klau-Chau In Japan's favor. May 2 Most of Munich taken by gov ernment troops. May 4-Wilson. Lloyd George and Cle menceau Invited Italy to return to peace conference, promising to give her Flume after two years. Surrender of Hungarian- soviet govern ment announced. Mav 6 Complete peace treaty adopted bv allied delegates. Great Britain recognized Independence of Finland. - Chinese cabinet Instructed Chinese dele gales not to sign peace treaty. Mav 7-Peace treaty handed to German delegates. 1 1. S. recognized government of Finland. May 14 Austrian peace delegates ar rived at St. Germain. May IS Greek troops occupied Smyrna after fighting. Mav i(;New antl-communlst govern ment of Hungary set up at Arnad. May is British ships dereated bolshevik fleet In Gulf of Finland May 21 German delegates given exten sion of time to May 29 to reply to terms. Mav 30-Germany'e reply to peace terms submitted. . , . . . . . , Mav 31 British warships defeated Dol nevik licet In the Baltic. June 1 Rhine republic proclaimed In va rious cities, with Dr. Hans A. Dorten at Its head. June 2 Peace terms presented to Aus tria's delegates. June 6 U. 8. Senate adopted resolution asking hearing by peace congress for "free Ireland" representatives. June 16 Allies' reply to German counter-proposals and tiiial draft of treaty handed to Germans and seven days al lowed them to sign. . . Jpne IK President Wilson visited the ruins of Belgium. Russian cruisers Oleg and Slava sunk by British warships. June 19-Italian cabinet resigned, being refused a vote of confidence. June 20 German government decided to sign peace treaty and the Scheidemann cabinet resigned. June 21 Gustuv Bauer formed new Ger man cabinet. Surrendered Gorman warships at Scapa Flow nearly all sunk by their crews. Francesco Nltti made premier of Italy. June 22 German national assembly vot ed to sign treaty. Allies refused any fur ther modification of terms. June 23 crinan government officially agreed to sign the treaty. June 25 Bloody rioting In Berlin and Hamburg. June 26 Allies rejected appeal against dismemberment of Turkey. June 28-Peace treaty with Germnny signed at Versailles, only the Chinese del egates refusing to sign. Warfare between Germans and Poles ceased. June 29 President Wilson sailed from France. July 8 President Wilson arrived at New York on George Washington. July 9 German national assembly rntt tled pence treaty by vote of 208 to 115. July lu-otttclal notification of ratifica tion of peace treaty by German assembly given peace conference at Versailles. July 11-Trade between United States and Germany ordered resumed by state department at Washington. July 13 Enver Pasha, Talaat Bey and DJemal Pasha, leaders of Turkish gov ernment during war, condemned to death by Turkish court martial. July 14 Victory parade in Paris marked Bastille day. July 1! Great victory parade In London. July 20 Completed text of treaty with Austria handed to delegates from Vienna. "Terror troops" reported In control of Budapest. Belli Kiln ousted. July 21 British house of commons passed peace treaty and Anglo-French pact. July 29 President Wilson sent Franco American treaty to the senate. July 31 Polish parliament ratified treutv with Germany. Aug. 1 Socialists seized control in Hun gary and Bela Kun and his communist government fled. Aug. 4 Roumanian troops entered Bu dapest. Aug. 6 Austrian delegates made coun ter peace proposals. Socialist government of Hungary over thrown and Archduke Joseph put In power as governor, supported by entente. Aug. ID Six bolshevik battalions de stroyed at battle on the Dvina. Aug. 17 Four bnlshevist vessels sunk by British tieet In Gulf of Finland. Bolshevikl driven out of Odessa by Denl klne. Aug. 22 Archduke Joseph resigned as head of Hungarian government. Aug. 25 Two V. 8. regiments ordered from U. S. to Silesia. Sept. 1 General Pershing sailed for home. Martial law In Munich. Sept. 2-Flnal peace terms handed to Austria. Sept. 3 Supreme council ordered Rou manians to quit Hungary and restore loot, Sept. 6 Austrian national assembly vot ed to sign peace treaty, under protest. Supreme council awarded Spltzbergen to Norway. Sept. 10 Dr. Karl Renner signed the peace treaty for Austria. Peace treaty reported to U. S. senate with suggested amendments and reserva tions. Sept. 12 Bolslievikl announced capture of Kolchak's southern army, 45,(1(10 men, D'Annunzio at head of Italian troops seized Flume; other troops, ordered to disarm his men, mutinied. . Sept. 15 China decreed separate peace with Germany. Sept. 19 Peace treaty handed to Bulga rian delegates. Sept. 22 Italians ousted from Trau by American marines, who turned town over to Jugo-Slavs. Sept. Peace conference ordered ulti matum to Germany on evacuation of Lithuania by Von der Goltz' troops. Oct 1 Italians and Serbs fought In Spa lato; 200 killed. Russian northwestern army began of fensive against bolslievikl. Oct. 2 Fall amendments, to peace treaty rejected by the senate. French chamber of deputies ratified peace treaty and treaties with America and Great Britain. Ort 6 Bolslievikl evacuated Dvlnsk after great defeat. Peace treaties ratified by Italy by royal decree. Oct. 8 Germans and Russians attacked Riga. Oct. 10 King George signed British rat ification of German treaty. Oct. 11 Part of Riga taken by Ruaso Germnn force and Letts landed at Libau for counter-attack. France ratified the German treaty. Oct. 13 I-eague of Nations officially brought into being. Oct. 15 General Denlklne announced cap ture of Orel and other victories over bol slievikl. Oot. 16 Russian northwest army took Pskov and Tsarskoe Selo. Oct. 17 Kronstadt taken by British fleet. Oct. 23 Bolshevikl recaptured Tsarskoe Selo and Krasnoe Selo from White army. Oct. 25 Reverses for Denlklne and Kol chak reported. Oct. 26 White army resumed advance on Petrograd. Nov. 3 Bolshevikl recaptured Gatchlna from YudeniUh. Nov. 7 Lodge preamble to treaty ratifi cation adopted by senate. 48 to 40. Supreme council ordered Roumanian trootis out of Hungary at once. Nov. 13 Senate adopted reservation to Article X of league covenant. Nov. 14 D Annunzlo seized Zara, Dal matian Nov. 15 Ten drastic reservations to treaty adopted by senate. General Yudenltch retreated to Estho- nian border and resigned command of Russian Northwest army. Bolshevists captured Omsk. Nov, 19 Senate rejected ratification of treaty with and without reservations. Nov. 21 Lettish troops captured Mitau from German-Russ army. Nov. 27 Treaty of peace with Bulgaria signed. Dec. 7 Russian bolshevikl offered terms. of peace to Esthonta. Dec. 8 supreme council warned Ger. many that utiles would denounce armis tice If protocol were not signed. Dec. 12 Bolshevikl raptured Kharkov, Denlklne's base in southern Russia. Dec 14 Agreement reached bv Eneland. France and Italy that Italy shall have Flume; D'Annunzlo to hand city over to regulars. Dec. 17 Bolshevikl announced capture of Kleff and Kuplansk, Dec. 18 German delegates declared Ger many could not deliver the 400,000 tons of harbor and dock material demanded In reparation for sinking of interned war ships at Scapa Flow. Objections by D'Annunzln's troops blocked the turning over of Flume to the Italian regulars. David Lloyd George announced the al lies would make peace with Turkey wlla. out waiting longer for America. DOMESTIC Jan. 2 Michigan legislature ratified pro hibitlon constitutional amendment. Jan. ,7 Legislatures of Ohio, Oklahoma and Colorado ratinea the prohibition umnnriment Supreme court declared constitutional the act forbidding shipment of liquor into dry territory. Jan, 8 Berger, Kruse, Germer, Engdahl and Tucker Socialists, convicted in Chi cairo of sedition and disloyalty. Tennessee, Idaho and Maine legislatures ratllied prohibition amendment. Jan. 9 West Virginia ratified prohibi tion amendment. Attorney General Gregory resigned, ef fective March 4. Jan. 14 Prohibition amendment ratified by Illinois, Alabama, Arkansas, Califor nia, Indiana, Kansas and North Carolina. Jan. ID Iowa, Utah, Colorado, Oregon and New Hampshire ratified dry amend ment. Jan. 16 Nebraska ratified prohibition amendment, making the three-fourths majority necessary, ana Missouri and Wyoming louoweo. Forty-six I. W. W.'s convicted of con spiracy in Sacramento, Cal. Jan. 17 Wisconsin and Minnesota rati fied prohibition amendment. Jan. 21 Nevada ratiiled prohibition amendment. Jan. 29 State department proclaimed ratification of prohibition amendment and set Jan. 16. 1920, aa date when It la effec tive. Feb. 10 Suffrage amendment beaten In senate by one vote. Keb. 18 Berger, Kruse, Germer, Eng dahl and Tucker, socialists, sentenced to 20 years' Imprisonment for violating es pionage act. Feb. 26 New revenue law, signed by president went into effect Feb. 27-H. C. Wallace, Tacoma, ap pointed ambassador to France. A. Mitchell Palmer made attorney general. March 1 Norman flnncnrwl ronde minis ter to Denmark. mnrcn a Victory loan bill passed ly senate. i March 4 Congress ndlnurned sine die. Aoril 7 ThnmsiB Vul..n Uuun umliUHuu. dor to Italy, resigned. prn ib Hugh Gibson appointed tlrst U. 8. Minister to Poland. April 2! PoHtttinHiMi.janirnl Riirlpsnn directed return of cable companies to prl- uwnersnip May ü. April 30 Plot to kilt mnnv nromlnent Americans with mailed bombs uncovered. winy i May day riots In many cities. May 7 President called extra session of congress tor May 19. May 19 Soevtnl session of ennrress opened; Gillett elected speaker. Frederick Ulllett elected speaker of next house. May 20 President Wilson's cabled mes sage read to congress. May 21 House adopted woman suffrage constitutional amendment resolution. May 2i Dr. Lvnn llaroirl llnuirh elected president of Northwestern university. June 2 Anarchist plot to destrov homes of law enforcement officials in eight east ern cities attempted. Two persons killed. June 4 Senate adopted woman suffrage constitutional amendment resolution. June 6 Postmaster (ieneral Burleson surrendered operation of telegraph and leieimuue systems to tne companies. June 10 Legislatures of Illinois. Wis consin and Michigan ratified woman suf- irage amendment July 1 Wurtime emerirencv nrohlbltion law went Into effect. July 11 Federal trade commission re ported to President that packers planned complete control of ail foodstuffs. July 12 President Wilson vetoed agri cultural bill because of Its provision re peating nayngnt saving law. July 13 President A. C. Townlev nnd Joseph Gilbert of Nonpartisan league of North Dakota found guilty by Jury at Jackson, Minn., of conspiracy to teach aisioyauy. July 21 Race riots In Washington, four persons killed. July 27 Race rots In Chlcaao: two killed, many hurt. July 28 Chicago race war spread: 36 in all were killed and hundreds hurt. July JO State trooos in action to aue II Chicago race riots. July ,il Government rellnrjulshed con trol of the telegraph and telephone sys tems. Aug. 1 Congress reDealed davllirht-sav- ing law. Aug. 6 President Wilson ordered e vil and criminal proceedings against the "Big r ive packers. Aug. 8 President Wilson addressed con gress on high cost of living. Aug. 14 Henry Ford won libel suit against Chicago Tribune, with nominal damages. Aug. 15 President Wilson vetoed the daylight-saving repeal act. Aug. 20 Daylight-saving repeal bill passed over president's veto. A. Mitchell Palmer confirmed by senate a U, 8. attorney general. Sept. 2 BUI to make Pershinr sreneral for life passed by congress. Sept. 3 President Wilson started on speaking tour of country. Sept. 4 Pershing nominated general and confirmed by senate. Sept. 6 Secretary of Commerce Redfield resigned, effective Oct. 3L Prohibition enforcement bill passed by senate. Sept. 6 Charles M. Galloway resigned as federal civil service commissioner, and attacked postmaster General Burleson. Sent. 7 Great fake stock swindle J Jot bared by arrests in Chicago. Five hundred convicts at Pontlac. III.. revolted and killed a guard. Sept. 8 General Pershing landed at New York and was given great reception and commissioned general for life. Sept. 9 Cardinal Mercler of Belgium landed at New York. Sept. 12 Col. J. r. Bell. Brook yn. elect ed commander-tn-rhlef of the G. A. R. Sept. 18 Thanks of congress given to General Pershing. Sent. 26 President Wilson's tr d ended by his Illness. Sept. 28 Great mob In Omaha lynched negro prisoner, fought police, set fire to courthouse and almost killed Mayor U. P. Smith. 8ept. 30-Brand Whltlock made ambas sador to Belgium. Oct. 1 Five white men and eleven ne groes killed in race war at Elaine. Ark. Oct. 2 King and queen of the Belgians landed in New York. Oct. 20 International trade conference opened In Atlantic City. Oct. 27 President Wilson vetoed prohi bition enforcement bill and house re passed It. Oct 28 Senate passed prohibition en forcement bill over president's veto and it became law. Farmer's national congress opened In Hagerstown. Md. Oct 31 Secretary of Commerce Redfield retired from the cabinet. Nov 4 Remihlicans won election In Massachusetts, New York and Kentucky and Democrats won in New Jersey, Maryland and Mississippi. Wets won in Ohio. Nov. 7 Hundreds of Reds arrested by federal agents all over country. Nov. 11 I. W. W. members fired Into American legion parade at Centralla. Wash., killing four ex-soldlers; one of murderers lynched. Prince of Wales arrived in Washington. President Wilson left his bed for first time In six weeks. Nov. 12 Franklin D'Oller elected na tional commander of American legion. Nov. 15 Secretary of the Treasury Car ter Glass appointed TJ, S. senator from Virginia. Nov. 18 House adjourned. Nov. 19 Senate adjourned. Nov. 29 IT. S. Senntor Newberry of Michigan and 134 others Indicted for election frauds. Dec. 1 Regular Besslon of congress opened. Dec. 2 President Wilson's message read to congress. Congressman J. W. Alexander of Mis souri made secretary of commerce. Dec. 10 Republican national committee set the convention for June 8 In Chicago. Dee. 11 Dr. H. A. Garfield resigned as fuel administrator, Dec. 13 Senator Johnson, California, announced his candidacy for presidency. Dec. 15U. 8. Supreme court upheld con stitutionality of war-time prohibition art, Dec. 16 Senator Harding, Ohio, an nounced his candidacy for Republican nomination for presidency. Dec. 17 Big packers agree to discon tinue all their side lines. Dec. 19 Victor Berger, convicted Social ist, re-elected to congress from Fifth Wis consin district. INDUSTRIAL Jan. 9 Great strike of marine workers of New York begun. Bloody battles between strikers and trooos In Buenos Aires. Jan. 12 New York strike ended pending arbitration oy war lauur ouaru. Jan. 13 General strike in Lima and Callao. Peru. Jan. 31 Great strike in England, Scot land and Ireland. Feb. 4 Building Trades Employers' as sociation declared a lockout In New .York. Feb. 6 General strike in Seattle to sup port striking shipbuilders. Feb. 10-Seattle general strike called off. March 4 Marine workers at New York struck again. April 15 New England telephone work, ers struck. April 20-New England ,phone strike settled. May 14 Chicago milk drivers struck. May 15-Great general strike In Wlnm- May 16-Chic.ago milk wagon drivers won tneir siriae. May 26-General strike called (n Calgary and Edmonton, Canada. May 29 General strike In Toiunio, June ! Toronto strike called off. June 6 Commercial telegraphers' union members In southeast struck. June 8 Detroit carmen struck. June 10 General strike of telegraph op erators started. June 22 Gompers re-elected president of A. F. of L. June 23 A. F. of L. declared for 44-hour Week for all crafts and U. S. employees. July IS Building Employers' association of Chicago locked out 2O0.0O9 employees because of carpenters' strike. Boston street car men on strike. July 28 Strike ef Atlantic coast ship workers ended. July 29 Chicago surface and elevated car men struck July 31-Pollce of London and English provinces called on strike, but few re sponded. Aug. 1 Chicago street car strike ended by compromise. Railroad shop workers of 11. S. struck. Aug, 6 Brooklyn Rapid Transit work ers struck. Fourteen railroad unions demanded in creased wages. Aug. 7 Actors on strike in New York. Aug. 13 Actors' strike spread to Chi cago. ' Aug. 14 Railway shopmen voted to re turn to work Aug. 24 Pacific coast railways tied' up by strike. Aug. 25 President Wilson granted 4- cent an hour raise to railway shopmen and Issued explanatory statement to pub lic, calling for Industrial truce. Aug. 2b Railway shopmen s committee rejected President Wilson's offer and or dered vote on strike by the men. Aug. rj t'aciftc coast railway men voted to call off strike. Sept. b Actors won their strike. Sept. 9 Three strikers killed In riots in Hammond, Ind. Unionized police of Boston struck. Sept. 10 State troops called to Boston: seven persons killed In riots. - steel workers committee called strike for September 22 against United States Steel corporation. Sept. 19 Carpenters' strike in Chicago dlsliii-t ended by victory for union. oept. 22 i treat strike of steel workers begun. Two killed and several hurt in riots In Pittsburgh region. Sept. 27 British railway men struck. Sept. 29 Strike begun in Bethlehem sleel works. Oct. 1 Lockout and strike in printing trade In New York: maiiv oublications suspended. Oct. ft Serious strike riots in Gary, Ind. British rail workers' strike ended by compromise. Oct. 6 rederal troops sent to Garv and martial law proclaimed In Gary. East Chicago and Indiana Harbor. industrial conference ooened in Wash ington. Oct. 10 New York harbor tied un bv strikes. Oct. 14 Nation-wide strike of soft coal miners ordered for, Noy. 1. Oct. 15 New York harbor workers strike called oft. Oct. 22 Labor bloc withdrew from In dustrial conference because Its resolution on. collective) bargaining was rejected. wet. 24 industrial conference dissolved. Miners rejected all offers of comuro- mlse Oct. 28 International congress of work ing women opened In Washington. International labor conference opened In Washington. Oct. 31 Government obtained injunction against the coal strike. Nov, 1 Strike of soft coal miners be gan. Nov. 8 Federal Judge Anderson ordered mine leaders to call off strike by Nov. 11. Nov. U Miners' union officials canceled the strike order. Nov. 23 New York Drinters voted to abandon strike. Nov. 27 Government's efforts to end coal strike by negotiation failed, miners rejecting offer of 14 per cent increase In wages. Dec. 1 War time coal order renewed bv Fuel Administrator Garfield. New Industrial conference opened in Washington. Dec. 2 General strike in Rome, Milan and Florence, Italy. Dec. 8 Fuel Director Garfield issued drastic orders for conservation of coal. Dec. 9 Compromise offer from Presi dent Wilson presented to miners' offi cials. Dec. 10 Miners accepted President Wil son's offer of 14 per Cent Wfige Increase and commission to determine scsle and conditions for future, and called off their strike. Dec. 13 Ijoridon tailoring contractors and garment workers struck. FOREIGN Jan. 20 Royalist revolution broke out In Portugal. Jan. 21 The Irish parliament met In Dublin and proclaimed the independence of Ireland. Jan. 25 Portuguese royalists defeated In several battles. Feb. 17 Portuguese government an nounced royalist rebellion was ended. March 19 Wireless telephony estab lished between Canada snd Ireland. April 13 Open rebellion in the Punab, India. June 13 Serious anarchist riots in Zu rich, Switzerland. July 1 Great food riots in Fori!, Italy. July 8 King Emmanuel of Italy Issued decree that profiteers will be fined 13,000 and Imprisoned and goods confiscated. July 11 Resignation of Viscount Ishll as Japanese ambassador to United States announced by government at Tokyo. July 28 Doctor Pessoa inaugurated pres ident of Brazil. Aug. 6 Antonio Almeida elected presi dent of Portugal. Aug 8 About 80 killed In food riots in Chemnitz, Germany. Aug. 12 Shah of Persia fled his country. President Tinoco of Costa Rica fled. Ba tista Qulroz took the office. Aug. 13 Viscount Grey made.? British ambassador to America. Aug. 16 Suppression of Sinn Felners In County Clare, Ireland, caused much fight ing. Sept. 8 Honduras revolutionists forced President Bertrand to flee the country. Kinjuro Shldehara appointed Japanese ambassador to United States. Sept. 28 Luxemburg voted to retain Grand Duchess Charlotte as ruler. Oct. 7 Norway adopted prohibition, ex cepting wines and beer, by plebiscite. Nov. 6 Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxemburg married to Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma. Nov. 15 Lady Astor elected member of British parliament. Nov. 16 Radicals routed In French elec tions. Nov. 26 British government proclaimed suppression of Sinn Fein and like organ izations throughout, Ireland. Dec. 19 Assassins attempted to kill Vis count French, lord lieutenant of Ireland. MEXICO April 16 General Blanquet, revolutionist leader, killed in fight May 29 Vllllstas proclaimed revolution ary government with Gen. Felipe An geles as provisional president June 14 Villa forces began an attacit on Juarez. June 15 Several Americans in El Paso having been killed or wounded by shots from Vllllstas, American troops crossed to Juarez and attacked the Villa forces. June 16 American troops routed Vlllls tas at Juarez and returned to El Paso. July 6 Armed Mexicans attacked and robbed boatload of American sailors near Tampico. Aug. 16 British charge ordered from Mexico by Carranza. Aug. 17 Two American army aviators held for ransom by Mexican bandits, Aug. 19 U. 8. troops entered Mexico In pursuit of bandits. i Aug. 21 Carranza demanded withdrawal of U. 8. troops and President Wilson re fused. Punitive expedition killed four ban dits. Aug. 24 Pursuit of Mexican bandits by U. S. troops abandoned. Aug. 29 Complete victory of Carranza In elections announced. Sept. 1 President Carranza In address to congress defended Mexico against ac cusations, denounced league of Nations and defied Monroe Doctrine. Sept. 2 U. 8. army aviator shot by Mex icans near Laredo, Tex Sept. 9 Mexican government protested against U. 8. aviators flying over Mexico. Mexican rebel organizations appealed to Uniled States to restore order In Mexico. Nov. 2 Zapatistas surrendered to gov ernment forces. Nov. 15 General Angeles, Villa's chief aid. captured. Nov. 19 U. 6. requested immediate re lease of Consular Agent Jenkins, arrested at Puebla on charge of complicity with bandits who kidnaped him. Nov. 26 Mexico rejected the l 8. re quest for the release of Jenkins. Gen. Felipe Angeles executed. Nov. 30 Secretary Lansing sent re joinder to Mexico's defiant note, repeat ing request for Jenkins' release. Dec. 4 Consular Agent Jenkins released on ball. Decy 8 President Wilson asked senate to leíve Mexican matter to him. Dec 16 Mexico replied to U. 8. that Jenkins case was closed by his release, and refused to drop, the proceedings against him. AERONAUTICS April 19-Capt. E. F. White made first nonstop flight from Chicago to New York. May 15 Air mall service between Chi cago and Cleveland established. May 16 Three American naval planes started transatlantic flight from New foundland. . May 17 American naval plane NC4 reached the Azores: NC3 landed on water, crew rescued; NCI landed on water, "tax led" 205 miles and reached Ponta Delgada, Azores. May 18 Hawker and Grieve started aiN plane flight from Newfoundland to Ire land; landed on water 1,100 miles out and Were picked up by steamer. May 24 Lieutenant Roget made nonstop flight from Paris to Kenltra, Morocco, 1.138 miles. Muy 27 U.S. navy plane NCI flew from the Azores to Lisbon, thus completing the first transatlantic flight. Air mall service between Paris and Switzerland started. May 28 Adjutant Cásale. French avia, tor, ascended 31,000 feet, world record for altitude. May 30 NC4 left Lisbon, stopped twice and arrived at Plymouth, England, next day. June 14-15 Capt. John Alcock and TJeut. Arthur W. Brown of England made first nonstop flight across Atlantic, from New Foundlnnd to Ireland In Vlckers-Vlmy plane in 16 hours 12 minutes. July 2-Britlsh dirigible R34 started from Scotland for the United States. July 6 R34 reached Mineóla, L. I., com pleting trip In 1(H) hours. July 9-Brltlsh dirigible R34 sailed from Mineóla, L. I., on return trip to Scotland. July 13-Brltlsh dirigible R34 arrived at Pulhsm, England, from Mineóla, L. I., having made homeward voyage In 74 hours 56 minutes. Sept. 18 Roland Rohlfs made world's altitude record, 36.610 feet, from Mineóla. Oct. 8 Coast-to-coast race started from Mineóla and 8an Francisco. Two aviators killed at Salt Lake City and one at De posit, N. Y. Oct, Fourth aviator killed In coast-to-coast race. Oct. 10-Flfth aviator killed. Oct. 11 Lieut. B. W. Maynard won east to west part of airplane race. Oct. 15 Two more contestants In trans continental race killed In Utah. Oct. 23 Lieut. Alexander Pearson de clared winner of transcontinental race. Dec. 10 Capt. noss Smith completed airplane flight from England to Port Dar win, Australia, winning prize of $50,000. Dec. 19 Capt. Sir John Alcock, first transatlantic nonstop flyer, killed by acci dent in France. SPORTS Jan. 8 Kieckhefer defended three-cushion title, defeating- Maupome. Feb. 15 De Oro won three-cushion title from Kieckhefer. May 3 Cannefax won three-cushion title from De Oro. May 31 Indianapolis 500-mile auto race won by Wilcox In a Peugeot Three men killed. June 7 Michigan won Western Intercol legiate conference athletic meet June 12 Walter Hagen won national open golf championship. July 4 Dempsey knocked out Willard In third round, winning heavyweight championship. , July 25 Jim Barnes retained Western open golf championship. July 30 Canadian open golf champion ship won by Douglas Edgar of Atlanta, Ga., with 278 strokes, new competitive rec ord for 72 holes. Aug. 13-F. S. Wright of Buffalo, N. T., won amateur championship at single tar gets and Nick Arle of Menard, Tex., the title at doubles. Aug. 15 G. W; Lorlmer, Troy, O., won grand American handicap at Chicago. Aug. 23 Davidson Herrón, Pittsburgh, won national amateur golf championship. .Aug. SOn-Mrs. Perry Flak, De Kaib, 111., won womens' western golf championship. Sept. 4 William M. Johnston, San Fran cisco, won national tennis championship. Sept. 16 Cincinnati Reds won National league pennant. Sept. 24 Chicago White Sox won Ameri can league pennant Oct 9 Cincinnati Reds won world's champlonshln. Oct. 25-Wllllam Hoppe retained 18-Sbalk line championship. Nov. 19 R. L. Cannefax won three-cushion championship. Nov. 22 University of Illinois won foot ball championship of western conference. Dec. 6 Jack Sharkey defeated Jimmy Wilde of England In Milwaukee. Dec. 12 Ralph Greenleaf won pocket billiard championship of United States. Dec. 17 Harvard's executive committee of the board of control approved new football committee from which Walter Camp was omitted. DISASTERS Jan. 1270 British sailors drowned , when boat was wrecked near Stornoway. U. 8. army transport Northern Pacific aground off Fire island. Jan. 12-21 killed in New York Central wreck at South Byron, N. Y. Jan. 16 French steamer Chaprol sunk by mine ih Straits of Messina; 6u0 lost, April 8 Hundred persons killed by tor nadoes In Texas, Oklahoma and Arkan sas. April 28 Large section of Yokohama de stroyed by fire. Earthquake in San Salvador caused great loss of life and property. May 20 Kalut volcano, Java, In erup tion; 15,000 persons killed. May 22 Stromboli volcano, Sicily, In eruption; many lives lost June 5 Mine explosion at Wllkesbarre killed 83. June 22 More than 50 persons killed by tornado at Fergus Falls, Minn. June 29 Vlcchlo, Italy, ruined by earth quake;, 120 killed. July 1-U. 8. Navy dirigible exploded near Baltimore, injuring lb. July 9 Allan line steamship Grampian struck Iceberg off Cape Race; two killed, two Injured. July 21 Dirigible balloon caught fire over Chicago and fell through roof of bank; 13 persons killed, 25 injured. Aug. 15 Italian cruiser Baslllcata blown up near Tewflk, blocking Suez canal. Japanese transport foundered; 110 lost. Sept. 10 Hurricane did Immense dam age in southern Florida and Cuba.. Sept. 14 Hundreds killed and Immense damage by hurricane on Texas Gulf coast. Oct. 2821 lives lost In steamship wreck at Muskegon. Mich. Dec. 17 Forty-three killed in ammuni tion plant explosion at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. Plcatny arsenal, near Dover, N. J., blew up, loss 11.000,000. NECROLOGY Jan. 1 David Lubln, patron of agricul ture. In Rome. Jan. 2 John E. Williams, noted Indus trial arbitrator, at Streator, 111. Jan. 6 Col. Theodore Roosevelt, at Oy ster Bay, N. Y. Jan. 8-Maj. Gen. J. Franklin Bell. U. S A., in New York. Jan. 9 Rev. Dr. S. J. McPherson, cler gyman ana euueator, at Lawrenceville, N J. Jan. 10 Roswell M. Field, author,, at Mornstown, r. j. Jan. 12 Sir Charles Wyndham, British actor. John Mason, American actor. W. J. Onahan, prominent Catholic lay man. In Chicago.' Jan. 13-Dr. Horace Fletcher, dietetics expert, In Copenhagen. ' Jan. 16 Rodriguez Alves. president elect of Brazil. ' Jan. 18 Prince John, youngest son of king of England. Jan 22 Former U. S. Senator George T. Oliver at Pittsburgh. , Jan. 25 Congressman Edward Robblns of Greensburg. Pa. Jan. 27 Rear Admiral F. E. Chadwlck, u. a. jn., retiree. Jan. 81 Nat C. Goodwin, actor. John T. Milliken, oil and mine magnate, at St. Louis. Feb. 2 Xavier Leroux, French operatic composer. Feb. 8 Prof. E. C. Pickering, director of Harvard observatory. Feb. 5 Rudolf Aronson, light opera com poser and producer, In New York. Keb, 9 Bessie Abbott, operatic prima donna, Feb. 17 Sir Wilfrid Laurler, former pre mier of Canada, Keb. Í8 Gen. Baron T. Fukushima, noted Japanese soldier. Feb. 21 Dr. Mary Walker, pioneer suf fragist, in Washington. W. p. Borland, congressman trom Mis souri, in France. Feb. 24 Julian Btory, American artist. Feb. 27 Former U. 8. Senator G. F. Ed munds of Vermont. Robert Harris Canadian artist. March 2 Charles E. Van Loan, author. W, R, Burt. lumber magnate, at Saginaw,- Mich. March 2 James Wltheycombe, governor of Oregon. March 6 Hilary A. Herbert, former ec- retary of the navy. March 11 Amelia E. Barr, author. In New York. March 14 Roger A. Pryor, in New Tork. March 17 Kenvon Cox. noted artist in New York. March 23 Henry M. Blossom, musical comedy writer, in New York. March 2ft Fred M. Hall, veteran jour nalist, in Chicago. George Fort, assistant treasurer of the U. 8. April 8 F. W. Woolworth. originator of five and ten cent stores. Lew Shaw, famous billiard player. April 9 Sidney Drew. American come dian. April 13 Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst In ban Francisco. April 16 Former Ambassador Robert 8. McCormick of Chicago. Henry Morse Stephens, educator ana author, in San Francisco. Miss June Delano, Red Cross Nursing director, in France. April 17 Dr. J. Cleveland Cady. noted architect, In New York. April 18 Harlow N. Hlglnbotnam of Chicago. . April 21 Jules Vedrines. famous French aviator. Verner Z. Reed, western oil magnate. April 27 Imre Klratiy. pageant and spectacle producer, at Brighton, England. April 28 Afbert Estoplnat, congressman from Louisiana, in New Orleans. May 1 Joseph W. Jefferson, American actor. Asher Hinds, parliamentarian, in Wash? lngton. Mav 11 Rear Admiral Chauncey Thom as, U. S. N. May 14-H. J. Heinz of Pittsburgh. Helen Hyde, American artist. May IS Will J. Davis, veteran theatri cal manager, in Chicago. Mav 17 General Zelaya. ex-president or Nicaragua, in New York, May 19 David H. Greer, Protestant Episcopal bishop of New York. George P. Upton, noted writer on mu sic, In Chicago. May 20 Congressman c. C. van Dyke of St Paul, Minn., commander in chief of United Spanish War Veterans. June 6 Frederick Thompson, noted the atrical manager, in New York. June 10 Former U. 8. 8enator John C. Bpooner of Wisconsin. June 12 Former Congressman Jame A. Tawney of Minnesota. June 14 Weedon Grossmlth, British ac tor and artist Ernest Lister, governor of Washington. July 2 Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, veteran suffragist, at Moylan. Pa. ux-longressman Lemuel Ely Wuigg. in New York. July 8 John Fox. Jr.. novelist, at Big Stone Gap. Va. July 12 Dr. W. Max Muller, orientalist, professor of Egyptology at University of Pennsylvania. Charles Kock, Kngiisn actor. Albert Vlckers. England's greatest man ufacturer of steel products and airplanes, at Eastbourne. July 23-Slr Edward II. Holden. noted British financier. George H. Primrose, famous minstrel. July 24 La Verne W. Noyes. Chicago manufacturer. Inventor and philanthropist July 25 Ellas Greenebaum. noted Chica go banker, aged 97. July 26 sir Edward J. Foynter. presi dent of Royal academy. July 29 George A. storey, famous paint er, in London. Aug. 1 Oscar Hammerateln. opera Im presario, In New York. Aug. 7 Will N. Harben, American au thor. J. E. ("Gas") Addlcks. Delaware finan cier. Aug. s Ralph Biakeiock, American ar tist. Aug. 9 Rucglero Leoncavallo, composer. at Rome. Prof. Ernst Haeckel. at Jena Aug. 11 Andrew Carnegie, at Lenox, Mass. Aug. 16 Frederick Layton, veteran packer, at Milwaukee. Baron Inverclyde. at Glasgow. Aug. 28 Gen. Louis Botha, premier of South Africa. Sept. 3 Budd Doble, famous driver of harness horses, at Los Angeles. Sent. 6 Admiral Baron Beresford of England. James W. Osborne, noted criminal law yer. In New York. Sept. 8 Duncan C. Ross, famous swords man and wrestler, In Baltimore. Sept. 9 John Mitchell, former president United Mine Workers. F.lol Sylva, noted Belgian operatic singer. Sept. 12 Leonid Andreef, Russian au thor. Sept. 13 Arthur M. Beaupre. former U. 8. minister to Colombia, In Chicago. Sept 18 Congressman J. B, Thompson, Oklahoma: - Sept. 21 T. P. Shonts, New York trac tion magnate. Sept. 25 Charles L. Freer, capitalist and art connoisseur, of Detroit John 8. Washburn of Minneapolis, big flour miller. Sept. 27 Adelina Pattl, at Penycae. Wales. Sept. 28-Chlef Justice H. W. Bond of Missouri supreme court. Sept. 29 Rev. E. J. Vattman, noted Catholic priest and army chaplain, at Chi cago. Sept. SO Gen. Patrick Egan. pioneer home ruler and former U. 8. minister to Chile, in New York. Bept. 29 Dr. Nathaniel I. Rublnkam, noted lecturer, In Chicago. Oct. 1 Charles W. ("Buffalo") Jones, famous plainsman and hunter, at Topeka, Kan. , Oct. S Rt. Rev. J. C Sage, Episcopal bishop of Salina, Kan. Dr. Daniel B. Towner, noted evangelist, Longwood. Mo. Oct. 4 Philip H. McMillan, owner De troit Free Press. Oct. 7 Henry Mills Alden, editor Har per's Magazine. Don Ricardo Palma, noted Peruvian author. Alfred Deakln, former premier of Aus tralia. Oct. 8 Rr. Cyril Hopkins of University of Illinois, at Gibraltar. Oct. 14 Rodman Law, noted aviator, at Greenville, 8. C. Bishop P. J. Garrlgan of Catholic dio cese of Sioux City. Iowa. Oct. 15 Rear Admiral Richardson Clo ver, U. S. N., retired. Oct. 18 Viscount Astor, in London. Oct 20Count V. Macchl di Célere, Ital ian ambassador to U. 8. Oct 21 Alt T. Ringllng, circus owner, at Dover, N. J. Oct. 25 6lr Ernest Waterlow, noted Brit ish painter Oct. SO Ella Wheeler Wilcox, poet and author. Nov. 1 Col. J. D. Bell, commander In chief of G. A. R. Nov. 3 Evan Lewis, former champion heavyweight wrestler. Edgar Stanton Maclay, American naval historian. Nov. 7 Huga Haase, head of German Independent socialists. Nov. 9 W E. Weyl, noted statistician, In New York. Nov. 11 Cardinal von Hartmann, arch bishop of Cologne. Nov. 12 Thomas 8. Martin, U. 8. sena tor from Virginia. Nov. 15 Maj., Henry L. Hlgglnson, founder of Boston Symphony orchestra. Nov. 19 Florencio Constantino, noted Spanish dramatic tenor. Nov. 25 Countess Primo Magrl (Mrs. Tom Thumb), at Middlehoro, Mass. Dec. 2 Henry C. Frlck, steel magnate. In New York. Dec. SVJulian Alden Weir, American artist, In New York. Dec. 15 Sir John Jackson, famous Brit ish civil engineer. Dec. 17 Dr. .William H. Hopkins, vet eran educator, In Chicago. Lulgl Illlca, Italy's foremost grand opera librettist, in Rome. Dec. 18 Horatio W. Parker, American composer. Dec. 18 Cleofonte Campanlnl, director of Chicago Opera company.