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Published mry By the DETROIT TRIBUNE PUBLISHING CO.. Inc. Andrew P. Frueheuf, C.S.. Owner end Publisher Elisabeth Ellineton. General Manner - Managine iditec Entered as second class matter at the post office at Detroit, Micb Igan, under the act of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTIONS: One Year, $4.50; 6 mos. $2 50; 3 mas.. $1 25; Foreign, yearly. SSOO. National Advertising Representatives: Interstate United Newspapers. 970 GRATIOT AVENUI WO. 2-1022 - WO. 2-4937 RACE FEPC "THf CHRISTUKE THING ON RACE IS THE RIGHT THING "If thou would bo blessed I Obey God't Science ! end bless others." —by ANDREW F. FRUEHAUF. C.S. CRUSADER FOR THE INVINCIBLE, TRIUMPHANT, DIVINE RIGHTS CF MAN REPRESENTING "OUR FATHEk MOTHER GOD;" "God's liberator of the Bible, the Christian Science textbook, has the necessary wisdom." Heaven, OUR eternal life, and ALL reality (spiritual, of course), are found are discovered —IN human con sciousness ! DETROIT TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. MARCH 24. 1962 4 E 111 TO III A E Timetable For The Journey To Freedom Some persons have estimated the number of years to come before the Negro will attain complete citizenship. Because so many factors are involved we will not at* to predict just how many years will pass, before all Negroes will have the rights, set iorth in our constitution. Nor are we trving to answer one question, by posing another question. However, there is one thing that we all will agree upon And it is this: that there is a relation be tween the span of time before all Negroes arc given their first class citizenship, and the span ot time before all quali fied Negroes are allowed to register and vote. And we also know it is certain that when Congress takes action to eliminate abuses of literacy tests, in vot ing, and to abolish the poll tax. Negroes in the South will use the ballot, to hasten the pace to the day of their full citizenship. Kacial discrimination in voting, and the laws needed to eliminate such, was outlined last week by U S. Atorney General Kobert F. Kennedy. The head of the Department ct Justice, tesitied belore the Judiciary Committee. House ol Kepresentatives. Atty. Gen Kennedy said as follows: With the adoption ot the Fifteenth Amendment in 1370. it became illegal to practice racial discrimination in the voting process. Yet it is necessary today almost one hundred years later to file lawsuit upon lawsuit to make a reality of this constitutional command. The gap between principle and practice is particu larly acute in states with large Negro populations. In 1959. in sixteen countries in which Negroes of voting age were ihe majority, not one Negro was registered to vote. In lorty-mne olher such counties fewer than five percent of eligible Negro citizens were registered. Similar statistics could readily be supplied. The principal causes of this situation have been the so-calied “literacy” or “interpretation” tests and similar performance tests. The wrong lies in the manner in which literacy and understanding are determined. Our proposal deals with manner, with method—not with ulimate goals. What we propose is the substitution of an objective standard tor the present subjective color bar to federal voting. The bills we support recognize a fact of our na tional life: persons who have completed the sixth grade are qualified to vote—fully capable of intelligent parti cipation in the democratic process—by any reasonable standard fairly applied. This fact is not only clear lrom experience common to all of us: it is also established by research by various departments of the federal government, including the arm ed services and experts in education. Experience in states which have no racial discrimina tion problem also shows that persons with six grades of schooling can pass reasonable tests that are applied im partially. Even today, when the number of poll tax states have been reduced to five, this requirmnt still is one element in the pattern or racial a limited number of districts. V The poll tax is mainly ofyectionfrbte. however, because it clogs voter registration, and limits participation in the processes of government. Our American belief in govern ment by all the people makes it imperative that such obsta cles finally be removed. Tney arc as outmoded and as unreasonable in today’s world as the property qualifica tions which were discarded long ago. Nevertheless, a constitutional amendment is a realis tic and commendable path to the same goal. There should be little doubt of spedy ratification of such an amendment, since 45 of our 50 states already do not have such unseless legislation. I therefore endorse this method of eliminating poll tax es as a condition for voting in elections for federal of ficers. ( M‘ ; \:-2* r^m4*g&ffttoU\ W 4 ' -«- .■* ; f ;. ,‘ . ‘_^^iiWM By Letting Mississippi Defy The Sup reme Court? Mr. President by John B. Swainson LANSING —Another black mark has once more been placed on ihe legislative record. In the face of pro\en need for a state building construction saf ety code, the Republican members of the Legislature have again killed all legislation that would protect the workers in our state. For the past several years. Re publican - controlled committees have allowed bills to die so that pubi c debate of the need could net reach the floor of either the House or the Senate. This year ha- been no exception. I believe that responsibility for industrial accidents is a three-fold one involving the worker, the em ployer and government—and gov ernment iii Michigan has not done what it should to assure worker safety. One of the reasons it cannot is because our basic safety law is antiquated and inflexible. It not only is inadequate in meeting now industrial safety problems stemming from modern technolo gy. but it does not even cover all areas of existing industrial activi ty. such as the construction and mining industries. Time Wasting GREENSBORO. N. C—“ When a student wastes time in school, he is also wasting the time of future generations. “Dr. Samuel E. Duncan, president of Living stone College. Salisbury, said at the morning worship service at Bennett College Sunday. Speaking on "The Integration of Education and Religion," Dr. Duncan reminded his audience that the earliest education in America was initiated and spon sored by the church. The student cf today needs to find ways of integrating his education with religion, he said. “A Christian educational In titution." he continued, “cannot escape this commitment. One is obligated to prepare himself that he. in turn, may serve others. All around us are evidences of nan's scientific advances; it is easier to predict the flight of anastronaut than it is to predict his emotions. The dynamite that moves mountains may also be used to blow up a man's home.” Zetas' In Books For Bishop Drive Dallas—Kappa Zeta Rho Chap ter of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority. Inc., will climax their "Book Sunday. March 18. in a sympos- For Bishop College” Drive on ium and reception honoring the contributors at the College Cafe teria. The theme of the symposi um is “New Frontiers in Educa tion Make New Demands " The Keynote speaker, Mr. C. A. Tatum—President of Dallas Power and Light Company and Past President of the Citizen's Council—will talk on "Demands and Opportunities for Adult Citizens." “Demands on the High School I/evel”, will be explored by Mra. Lullelia W. Harrison, Former Grand Basileus and presently a counselor at Ryan Jr. High School, Houston, Texas. Dr. C. F. Toles, Principal of Joseph J. Rhoads School, will lecture on "Demands on the Col lege Level." NAACP Join The . The GOVERNOR Writes Only with flexible rule-making authority can Michigan hope to keep abreast of changing work conditions and assist in raising the standards of employment saf ety to protect the lives of our workers. Michigan’s basic law was en acted in 1909 when the state's biggest industry was a wagon fac tory—in short. Michigan ha* a lot ( f catching up to do. Despite the obvious need for proper legislation, the Consumers Power tragedy, in Jackson, did not move the Republicans to ac tion; the I’pper Peninsula mine disaster did not produce an iron mine safety code; the collapse of the MacArthur High School build ing. in Saginaw, had no visible effect on the Republican majority. In fact, on the day the Demo cratic bill was killed in the Re publican controlled committee. I met with a Michigan building sub contractor and union representa tives in my office. They brought additional evi dence 6f unsafe practices which endanger the lives of workers. A worker was injured, narrowly es caping death, when a steel col umn collapsed because it was not safely bolted. Greater Job Safety Efforts Urged WASHINGTON, DC News paper headlines each workday saying "55 die in Accident”, would "shock and alarm every- J one,” but occupational accidents bring such a mounting toll with-! • ut headlines, Secretary of Labor Arthur J Goldberg said here. The Secretary spoke before some 3.000 leaders of industry, agriculture, labor, education and health groups, and government who attended the March fi open ing session of the 3-day Presi dent's Conference on Occupation al Safety. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson greeted the conferees. Although U.S. industry is the safest in the world today, im provement loses much of its im pact in the face of the still for midable totals of death and dis abling accidents,” Mr. Goldl>erg said. Last year 13,500 men and women were killed and almost 2 million others were maimed as a result of job accidents. Eighty percent of work injuries in this country occur in nonmanufactu rirn occupations. The Secretary, who is Confer ence Chairman, lauded efforts of the delegates toward greater job safety but said. “A single death through accident is one too many." A perfect record is not un attainable, he said: When safety i education, safety research, and 1 safety engineering are stressed, the’ barometer of accidents falls quickly.” KEEP YOUR CAR UNDER CONTROL It is apparent that good safety legislation, in addition to protect ing lives, would cut down on costs of Workmen’s Compensa tion. Rut even this fact has been ig nored. VIC VET SAYS... Q _ Must a $lO. 000 GI term insurance policy be converted to permanent plan type insurance ill at once? A— A veteran may convert a* little as SI,OOO (or more, of course) to a permanent plan while retaining the remainder as term insurance. In this way, he can stretch the conversion over sev eral years in keeping with his own financial condition. >» 1» t Q How many veterans have thus far taken advantage of the VA home, farm or business loan program ? A— More than 6 million vete rans had made such loans up to December 31, 1962. * * * Q Are any survivors of the Mexican War still alive? A— No, since this war ended in 1848, more than 110 years ago. However, there are still two wid ows of Mexican War veterans alive in the United States. O Docs the VA set stand ards for prosthetic devises in this country? A— The VA has a leading role in supporting and conducting re search and development of phos thetic and sensory aids, in cooper ation with other Government agercies. Also, the VA is the largest single purchaser of phos thetic devices in the United States. Thus the VA excercises considerable influence on the equality of appliances and ser vices furnished by the phosthetics industry not only to veterans but to all disabled persons. Primarily r s a result of this influence, phos thetic devices have been greatly improved in the last 16 years. jglP STOWE... ; ,Jr ... Author of the book/uncl^ IQM*S CABIN'J PUBLISHED IN BOSTON ' IN according to FK ‘ iM * IK,OK DOUGI -ASS / IT DID MUCH TO HELP THE FIGHT AGAINST SLAVERY.! THE FIRST YEAR IT SOLD 300,000 COPIES IN THE U.S..LNGLAND EBANSE a GEBMAItY, BUT WAS BANNED IN THE SOUTH / ]f9 wSWmmf** % e presence Os (fj Zrorever By ELIZABETH ELLINGTON In spite of the false hu man agitations that may fre quently seem to appear human affairs. pod. Spirit is present NOW and AL WAYS in His spiritual crea tion, the realm of mans true being. The guidance of God is the only means where* bv to reach the higher. Spu-; itual existence that will elim inate all error and strife from , relationships in business, in dustry, and all aflairs. ♦ * ♦ Jesus said. ‘Tome unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest.’ *# • * When he fed the muti tude. He taught them many things. The scriptures tell us: “And when the day was now far spent, his disciples came unto him. and said. This is a desert place, and now the time is far passed: “Send them away, that they may go into the country round about, and into the vil lages, and buy themselves bread: for they have nothing to eat. “He answered and saH im to them. GIVE YE THEM 10 EAT And they say unto him. Shall we go and buy two hun dred pennyworth of bread, and give them to eat ? “And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heav en. and blessed, and broke the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before them; and the two fish divid New Best Seiler Announced The Post Office Department recently unveiled what it hopes will be a "best seller" with the nations top industrial brains in the field of research and engi neering. Publication of anew booklet provocatively entitled “Challenge to Industry" was announced here by Deputy Postmaster General 11. W. Brawley simultaneously with presentation of the booklet by Postmaster General J. Edward Day to a top level Advisory Board of business and profess ional leaders meeting in Detroit. The booklet seeks to promote industrial interest in developing new mechanized equipment adapt able to post office needs It enum crates the type of machines now used in the nation's post offices INCOME TAX DATA R. I. Nixon, Director of Intern al Revenue for Detroit, today had a word of tax advice for housewives and other employers of domestic workers don t overlook possible liability for Social Security taxes. If you pay a household worker $50.00 or more in any calendar quarter, you must report the wages and pay both the employ er and employee portion of the social security tax to the Internal Revenue Service. Director Nixon reminded house hold employers that these taxes must be reported on Form 942 which is required to be filed by the end of the month follow ing the calendar quarter. That is. Tilings Tou Should Know ed among them all.” (Mark b: 36-87, 41) * • * The Christian Science text book. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy, teaches: " 'The Word was made flash/ Divine Truth must be known by it offocts on the bcdy as well as on the mind, before the Science of being can be demonstrated. Hence its embodiment in the incar nate Jesus that life-link forming the connection through which the real reaches the unreal, Soul re bukes sense, and Truth de stroys error/' (p. 350) The conditions seemingly brought about by high taxes, inflation, a surplus of indus trial production, • lay-offs, strikes, and would in a round-about way thrust rue ful conditions upon people. However, spiritual com munion will bring an aware ness of the ever presence of God. Love and this Truth will anihilate any error and bring experience into line with spirit, rendering all fulse concepts powerless. * * * “ \ n,i cock ye not what ye shall cat. or*what ye shall drink noither be ye of doubt ful ’"ind. ‘But rather seek ve the kmgdom of God: and all these things shall he added unto you/* Jesus (St. Luke 12: 29. 31) to deliver 65 hill ion pieces of mail annually. Then it lists in detail the equipment needed to handle a mail volume that is expected to double in the next two decades. Armed with this information, the Advisory Board, named by President Kennedy, will under take a study of the effect of both present and future mechanization cf the Postal System. • There is no question,” Mr. Brawley said, "that we will need more Irteefwmized equipment to increase both our production ca pacity and our efficiency. But mechanization will be only in stalled when it is demonstrated that it can help our employees do a better job by allevaiating the manual labor involved in collect ing. sorting ami dispatching the mail. by April 30, July, 31. October 31. ami January 31, as required. Covered are persons working as maids, laundresses, cooks, housekeepers, gardeners, janit ors, furnacenien, governesses, valets, ehaffeurs, etc. , Information covering the re quirement for filing an income tax return for these domestic workers will be included with the Form 942 when mailed to the housewife for the first quarter of 19f>2. Mr. Nixon added that Forms 942 can be obtained from any Internal Revenue office and that his staff would be happy to an swer any questions with respect to the application of this tax.