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The IKTroii Trihnne
FubMabgd wify ky Iki DETROIT TRIBUNE PUBLISHING CO., Int. Andrew P. Fruohauf. C.S., Owntr Mid MIIAtr IlhaHA Ittington, OtMril Managac • Mmhl«i MNar Entered at second class matter at the post office at Detroit, Mich igan, under the act of March 3. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION’S: One Year 01.50; 6 mos.. $2.50; 3 mos., SI 23; Foreign, yearly. 53.00 National Advertising Representatives : Interstate United Newspapers. 970 GRATIOT AVBNUC WO. 2-1022 - WO. 2-4*37 "SKMid Clan Patti,, Pai< At Drtrtlt, Mich>«,n" RACE FEPC "THE CHRIST LIKE THING ON RACE IS THE RIGHT THING "If thou would bo blot sod I Oboy God's Scionco I and bless othors."—by ANDREW F. FRUEHAUF, C.S. CRUSADER FOR THE INVINCIBLE. TRIUMPHANT, DIVINC RIGHTS OF MAN REPRESENTING "OUR FATHER-MOTHER GOO:*'' "God's liborator of tho Biblo, tho Christian Science of course). aro found aro discovered —IN human eon* textbook, has tho nocossary wisdom." Heaven, OUR eternal life, and ALL reality (spiritual, sriousness! DETROIT TRIBUNE,’SATURDAY. JANUARY 19. 1968 4 EDITORIAL We halve watched with growing interest the progress being made bv the 400 Negro clergymen in Philadelphia who. in a “door-die’’ Selective Patronage campaign, have locked the formidable Sun Oil Company in Pennsylvania. Everyone, it seems, has heard of this giant of indus trv through its Blue Sunoco gasolines and other Sunoco oji «nd p-fvhiots. Vnrv few people know that Negroes h*d no* h'"*e f of'**e held positions of respect and dignity v ith* tli s o 1 omnire. Common labor is the Negro lot in the romolex operations of large companies across the United State*. • Working f»om a “pulpit bovcott” and starting the campaign after a Sunday morning Worship sendee, the ministers ignored Sun Oil’s observation that they employ ed at thr.; tii5»...300 Nemo laborers and perceptively look ed farther into the Negro opportunity for employment ad vancement. What they saw was appalling and they let the Sun Oil Company know that token employment opportunity v.ould not be acceptable to them. Other powerful Negro organizations, in sympathy with the clergymen, issued edicts supporting the selective Patron age program and virtually whipped Sun Oil Company to its knees, as it were. The 99th Annual Session of the Methodist Church voted to support the campaign: 144 Prince Hall Masonic Lodges aided the ministers in their fmht for equal employment opportunity. All set to join the “fight for right” were graduate and undergraduate fra ternities and sororities, and the Church of God In Christ,! which almost outnumbers Negro Baptists, two to one. In just ninety days. Sun Oil Company had hired 25 Negro girls, two drivers and one technician —with no foresee able end in sight. Os course. tl\fcre were extenuating circumstances that knocked Sun Oil for a loop. Namely, Wall Street, and Stock holders No one supports a shakv financial structure and when you are pumping five million gallons of gas in one area per week and suddenly drop to three million, then two. and lower, the foundation can’t help but become pre carious. Whv shouldn't a Selective Patronage campaign func tion in Detroit 0 It has been tried a number of times and, though results were generally favorable, something went wrong. There are companies who comply with FEPC edicts without pressure from courts of law or other interested groups. These companies should be rewarded with our by immature leaders who. most likely, became miffed when they were pulled from their high horses and told that they business and mass purchasing power rather than boycotted were not following proper procedure. of leadership then, has been the drawback in selective buying projects in this City of Detroit. With the vast membership lists of the many Negro organizations that dot the city, a Selective Patronage campaign would do more for the Negro in this city than any court order. Legislative action.is sure but not swift while slapping a merchant where it hurts most— his pocketbook does wonders in the field of racial equality. In recent days, however, the determination exhibited by the block club associations, concerning the opening of a super market in an area where the residents object to traffic congestion it will cause, seems to indicate that a voice is being heard. Support of the block clubs by the NAACP; Masonic Lodges; and Churches of the city which is pledged to them is also significant as an indication that the national selective buying campagn, called for by the Rev. Martn Luther King, Jr., will not by-pass Detroit. VIC VET Q I see the VA pays pension under a heading “Civil War Pensions”. I though all the Civil War veterans were dead? A— Pensions for Civil We' dependents are paid to widows end helpless children of Civil War veterans. There are about 3,000 on the rolls. Q W * wife is a veteran,! can she obtain a VA loan for a home even If her husband is not a veteran? A— Veterans' benefit draw no line between the sexes thus a woman veteran is eligible for a home loan guaranty. However, women veterens might be im- 1 eble to obtain loans beceuss el 1 low ennual income or doubts com coming long term employment. Your nee reef VA office could ed vise you on this matter. Q Can I allow my annual GI insurance dividend to remain on deposit to meet future premiums? A— Yes, you may. Notify the VA office where you pey your premiums of your intention to al-, SAYS... low yaur dividend to remain on deposit. Q I do not want to go to college. Has the war orphans training program anything to of fer me? A— Yes. If you are eligible you may pursue courses in voce* tionel treining leeding to a field •n which you may eern your liv ing, too the nearest VA office for further details. 9 Financial reasons will make me drop out of my 01 education claaaea for some time. Do I lose' this time or can 1 make It up later? A— These having to suspend courses due to financial reasons oill bo able to resume the desses at a later dote and to have their; deadline extended so at not to i suffer any lees of time. Q Are many veterans of the Spanish-American War still slave? A— The meet recent report shows that more than ISAM vet erans of the Spanish • American i War ere s»UI living. Housing Problems Would Be Loss With Hist SNCC Votes To Launch "Operation U” For Negro Jobs In South wide Utilities ALANTA, GA. The executive committee of the Student Nonvio lent Coordinating Commitee vo ted on Deeemher 30. 1902. to begin “Operation U”, a massive souinwide campaign to increase employment opportunities for Negroes in utilities systems—tele phone, telegram, water, gas. and light. Charles Me Dew, SNCC Chair man said today: "Without equal job opportunities for people of all races, equality and human dig nity can hardly ba achieved. Non violent techniques of negotiation Stop Also Means Look Thousands of Detroit drivers are making “rolling stops" each day at stop signs, violating the traffic law and endangering their own lives and the lives of other drivers and pedestrians. Thoso are the conclusions to be drawn from a spot check tak en by field investigators of the Department of Streets and Traf fic at nine stop signs in various sections of the city. The signs were located on streets approach ing through streets but not ma jor arterials. The check covered a two-hour period on e recent weekday. Approximately 600 cars were observed. Arthur C. Gibson, DST direc tor of research, said that 19.6 per cent of the cars were traveling from one to five miles per hour when they went through the stop sign; 2.3 per cent were go-j ing between six and 10 miles per hour and 0.3 per cent went i through over 10 miles an hour. The remaining 77.8 per cent came to a full stop, as required by law he said. “When you apply the 22 per cent, who did not come to a full stop, to the hundreds of tl ous ands of cars traveling our city Things You Should Knew franklin..; 't§m ... A LEADING FIGHTER AGANST Up SLAVERY a THE PRESIDENT OF THE ABOU- TIONIST SOCIETY WHICH IN 1T74 FOUNDED A SCHOOL FOR NEGROES THAT LASTED 100YEAR8/THEYUBED THE DECLARATION' Os IMOFPENOENCIj AS AN ARGUMENT ft IN iAN..1777 ABOLITIONISTS PRESENTED A PETITION TO THE MASS. STATE GOVERNMENT DEMANDING EQUAL RIOHTB, IT WAS SIGNED BY SLAVES THEMSELVES / C2^vr-^KE^7>C and, if nocossary, direct action, will be used to show the huge utilities companies of the South that if all citizans are allowed to pay their bills equally, thay must be hired equally." While there have been local and sporadic attempts to increase job opportunities in utilities, Me- Dew commented, there has been no concerted, concentrated South wide drive. He said that SNCCj aimed to coordinate and initiate surh a program. McDew said that local protest groups w'ere being asked to com- streets, it's shocking to roalizo the number of times stop signs are violated/' he said. "I believe the signs are better observed when drivers approach major ar-' terial streets because of the haz ards involved. Traffic is much heavier and police cars are more liable to be present. The survc" marie more mean ingful an educaiio...*! 7-0 :ram that began in the metropolitau, area and throughout the state this week. More than 1,200 pos ters in the Detroit area and another 1,100 in the rest of the state are erected carry ing the message “Stop Signs Mean Look.” Donald Siaiz, managing direc tor of the Traffic Safety Assoc iation, which prepared the pos ters, pointed out that Michigan law requires all drivers to come to a full stop and then proceed with caution after yielding the right of way to traffic on cross streets so close as to constitute a hazard. Director of Traffic William H. Polkinghorn, of the Detroit Po lice Department, said that when 22 per cent of our drivers do not pile data on numbers of Negroes employed in utilities companies in thei rareas, and how many persons are serviced. The Student Nonviolent Co ordinatin Committee operates direct action and voter registra ti o n campaigns in Mississippi,) Georgia, Arkansas, South Caro lina. and Alabama. Organized in April, 1060 after the Southwide sit-in protests, SNCC has 35 staff members who have taken a year or two from their studies to work full-time in the civil rights move ment in Uie South. come to a full stop there is a tremendous potential for acci dents. A stop sign means a complete stop and it means coming to a stop before the cross walk." "Obviously we can't have a po lice officer at every stop sign in Detroit," he continued. "We must depend to a large degree on vol untary observance by the pub lic. This will prevent accidents and save the driver plenty of trouble, if he will iust come to a stop and make a safe observa tion before starting up again." The Bible Tells Us: “God be merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine upon us; "That thy way may be known upon eerth, thy sav ing health among nations. ' ijet the people praise thee, O God; let all the peo ple praise thee. "O let the nations be glad and sing for joy; for thou shelt judge the people right eously, and govern the no tions upon earth. “Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the peo ple praise thee. "Then shall the earth yield her increase; and God, even our own God, shall bless us. “God shall bless us; and all the ends of the earth shall fear him. (Psalms 67:1-7) * * * “Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. "But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray j for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; “That ye may be the chil dren of your Father which is in heaven; for he makcth his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and send eth rain on the just and on the unjust. "F or if ye love them SNCC field Secretary Jailed For ' Vagrancy' In Alabama MONTGOMERY, Ala The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee has charged yester day's arrest of Robert Zellner, a SNCC field secretary, on the cam pus of Huntingdon College as "f raudl en t" and "completely without justification" and asked the Justice Department to inves tigate. Zellner was arrested recently for "vagrancy” and initially held on SI,OOO bail At his trial, he was convicted. New bond was held in abeyance until sen tencing. Zellnei. L3, a 61 honor gradu-J ate of Huntingdon College, had dinner with a student on campus yesterday evening. The three were walking toward Zellner's carj —parked on campus—when an unmarked car began following them. When the car stopped, one man, believed to be Willy P. Pay ster, a state investigator and em ployee of the Alabama Depart ment of Public Saftety, jumped out, frisked Zellner, and told him he was under arrest for "con spiracy." Zellner was taken to the coun ty jail where the charge was changed to “vagrancy” and bond set at SIOOO. JUNIOR SCIENCE LAB ' <"■■■ I .... H 1...... - I ■ | How To Make A Periscope MIRROR OMNINO r y\\f l/A «»' MIRROR on nino ~ —- —n~7~- EX You can easily make a peri scope that really works, follow ing these directions from the new oung People’s Science Ency clopedia. All you need is enough haiM wood to make four long strips (three by 12 inches) and two three-inch squares, two pock et mirrors and scotch tape. 1. Cut four strips of balsa wood measuring three inches by 12 inches. These will form the sides of the tube. Cut two more pieces measuring three by three inches for the ends. 2. Cut out a two-inch square near the end of two aide strips. Tape pocket mirrors at a 45- degree angle to the two sides with holes. Follow the illustra tion carefully. Tape the remain, ing sides, the top and bottom pieces to form a completely closed box. 3. It is now ready for use. which love you, whet reward hove yes da net even the publicans the »ama? “And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not ev en the publicans so? “Be ya therefore perfect, even at your Father which it in heaven it perfect." (St. Matt. 5:43-48) * * * “After this manner there fore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallow ed be thy name. "Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth at it is in heaven. “Give us this day our daily bread. “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine it the kingdom, and the power, end the glo ry, for ever. Amen." (St. Matt. 6:9-13) * • • -Study to shew thyself ap proved unto God. a workman that needetn not to be asham ed. rightly dividing the word of truth.” (II Timothy 2:15) READ SCIENCE AND HEALTH WITH KEY TO THE SCRIPTURES, BY MARY BAKER EDDY. THE BOOK THAT UNLOCKS THE SCRIPTURES, AND EN LIGHTENS MAN ON HIS SPIRITUAL IDENTITY. SNCC officials wired the Jus tice Department: We request you investigate the arrest of Robert Zellner on char ! ges of vagrancy on Huntingdon College cnmpuus, Montgomery ! Alaouma. Zellner, a SNCC field secretary, was walking quietly i on campus when arrested. We ur- I j#e you investigate this violation of civil liberties as fraudulent on its face and completely without justification. SNCC officials also wired Hunt ingdon College President Hubert Searcy: We protest the arrest of I Robert Zellner on your campus January 8. Zellner was walking peacefully when arrested by State officials. We believe this to be un worthy of any institution of high er learning and in gross violation of the First Amendment and aca demic freedom. Zellner has been arrested six i times previously in Louisiana, | Alabama, and C.eorgia. He and SNCC Chairman Charles McDew i were arrested almost a year ago on charges of “criminal anarchy” —which carries a possible 10- year penalty—when they went to visit a SNCC field secretary im prisoned in Baton Rouge, Louisi ana. Hold the tube upright and look through the bottom opening. .Since light travels in straight lines the mirrors will reflect the object down to your eyes. You wijl find that your home made periscope actually enables you to see over people’s heads in crowds, or to look around comers. It’s a simplified version of the complicated optical instruments used not only on submarines but for many other military and scientific purposes. The prin ciple is the same. The angle of vision is changed, ao that, in af fect, you “look around a comer." That s how submarine crews aee the surface, for example, and how nuclear scientists can ©b ••rvs radioactive materials over protective walls. Their peri scopes, of course, use optical lenses and prisms, where yours to mirrors.