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Nat'l Urban League Effort Gains Anti-Bias
Edict On Housing List At Air Force Base OMAHA—The mo?t significant breakthrough to date in the long and multi-fronted fight against rqctfl discrimination in military inatallftipn housing has been ac complished here as a direct re sult of an effort initiated three Taylor Urges To Complete WASHINGTON, D. C. The “dollara-and-cents" value of get ting a high school or college ed ucation was emphasised this week by Hobart Taylor, Jr., executive vice chairman of the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity. In a speech to the students of Cardoso ' High School in Wash ington, D. C., Mr. Taylor pointed out that on the avera'ge, a man who finishes only grade school will make a total of $154,000 or less than $4,000 a year during his lifetime of work, one who finishes high school will earn $257,000 or about $5,000 a year, and one who graduates from col lege will earn $435,000. “In other words, you sider that completing your high school education may well mean more than SIOO,OOO to you,” he pointed out.' “And that’s pretty good pay for just a few years of school. Or, if you’re already in the tenth or eleventh grades, SIOO,OOO for just one or two years.” The speaker pointed out that the average earnings of tjie Neg ro population are considerably less than the earnings of the white population, but he declar ed “that is changing.” “The relative economic posi tion of the Nqgro has improved Metropolitan Methodist To Show 'King of Kings'Movie Cecil B. DeMtlle’s immortal masterpiece, ‘‘The King of Kings”, will be shown at Metropolitan Church, 8000 Woodward, Detroit, at 7:30 p. ip. on April 10 and 11, and at 12:30 and 2:30 p. m on Good Friday, and on Easter Sunday at 7:30 p. m. ' For the last 23 years the picture has been shown in 500 important cities from New York to San Francisco, from Boston to Hous ton. The community responds with recordbreaking attendance and with lasting spiritual re sults felt through the year. The simple Christian story of the life of Christ, beginning with the conversion of Mary Mag dallene and continuing through the Resurrection, is portrayed with reverence, beauty and great power. Those who see the ‘'King of Kings” always report that it is religious experience they will liever forget. Although the picture was made in 1927, it was filmed so well under the direction of Mr. De mille that it has become the most enduring motion picture of all time. It is estimated that a billion people have seen this great picture in showings around the world- The original picture has been carefully edited in' recent years, - . :. - ______ .... »■■■ m tarn ■ *, #|JE jfittlk «p jf SfMl ••-?** < i#) i * m, !iijn* xj.a .. -VL, *tf - : m .rjtW » JpM®^ H ®%'^f. ( j^| TAlJftiic APDirtiiTiTRF nine J Warwn, left* chief economist on North African SSSEfeMr^rj UnlM B»mw- (UJPA Photo) • f 4 m * "“*T ,™ months ago by the Notional Ur ban League on behalf ot its Omaha affiliate. The Defense Department, as a result of the President’s Execu tive Order on housing, has ban ned the practice by some mili- Students educations in recent years, although it is still far behind the rest of the population,” he continued. Mr. Taylor said there has been a steady, and accelerating, pace of progress in achieving equal employment opportunity for all segments of the population, but he added that he was “aware that the progress is frustratingly slow even at its present accelerated pace.” “Even while I realize that the devastating results of a century of discrimination, degradation and denial cannot be overcome in a single year, I still can wish that it were so,” he declared. In urging the students to con tinue their educations, Mr. Tay lor pointed out that “you need to take into consideration the very steady decline in the availability basic fact, that this technical revolution of today means a of the types of jobs generally known as blue collar. “The day is rapidly disappear ing when the youngster with a strong back and willing hands can hope for steady work,” he ex plained. “The fact is that 10 per ■cent of the total laboi 4 force today is engaged in unskilled jobs, but by 1970 we will need only five per cent in that capac it>.” a number of scriptural subtitles have beep added and the beauti ful music score of Wagner’s "Parsifal” accompanies the film. There .will be no admission charge, but a free-will offer ing will be taken. Christ In The Concrete City CHRIST IN THE CONCRETE CITY by P. W. Turner, a mod ern Passion play, will be present ed on Wednesday, April 12, at the Second Grace Methodist Church, Begole and Tireman, and on Friday, April 12 in the Scott Memorial Methodist Church, St. Antoine and Kirby, at 8 p.ni. Featured in the cast are Frank Richardson, N. Evelyn Gray, Floyd Henson, Jim Davis, Sylves ter Ellison and Melville Sanders, who will portray the historical and modern characters of the Passion story. The drama is a joint project of both churches under the di rection of Eveyn Wagner, who is completing her work in drama at the Christian Theological Sem inary in Indianapolis, Ind. The admission is free. t.iry base commanders of main taining separate listings of pri vate off base dwelling facilities available to Negro and white armors force personnel. The practice, specifically pin pointing Offutt Air Force Base B'ham Negroes Make Nonviolent Strike In Ala. BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Sit-ins Wednesday by more than a score of Negroes under the leader ship of the' Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights re sulted in 14 arrests and closed lunch counters in the downtown area. All arrests, based on vio lations of an “anti trespass law,” took place at Britt’s Depart ment Store. Lunch counters at 4 other stores (Pizitz, Wool worth’s, Kress and Lovenum’s) were closed down after demon strators sat in for several hours without being served. The Southern Christian Lead ership Conference and its af filiate, ACMIIR. have been plan nine the nonviolent campaign over several months. Direct ac tion demonstrations in Birming ham have been deferred until now because of critical local elections. The Reverend Fred L. Shut tlesworth. president of the Ala bama Christian Movement for Human Rights, issued the fol lowing statement: “The Alabama Christian Move ment for Human Rights has serv ed notice on the larger Birming ham community that Negro citi zens are not satisfied with segre gation. We insist that the mor chants of our city respect out persons as well as our dollars. We are embarking on a non violent campaign to desegregate public facilities in our com munity. We have post poned di rect action on three occasions with the hope that meaningful progress would be made. With steady judiciousness we pur posefully avoided any action during the recent elections less some irresponsible charges be made that the election results were influenced. I have invited the Southern Christian Leader ship Conference, our national organization, to work in con junction with us. Dr. King and Reverend Abernathy will re turn to Birmingham to join with us in the struggle against in justice and immorality. Birm ingham's rigid and inflexible history in race relations leaves us no alternative but to make this moral witness. We can no longer defer Birmingham’s con frontation with that which is right and just.” Birmingham, which defeated former Commissioner “Bull” Connor Tuesday, has been known as a city of “... reaction, rebel lion and riot —of bigotry, bias and backwardness.” Observers have felt that Mother’s Day riot ing over the Freedom Rides and the closing of all municipally owned recreational facilities af ter an integration suit during “Bull” Connor’s leadership con tributed to the city’s image. here, was brought to the atten tion of .federal authorities last Jan. 8. in a letter from Nelson If. Nichols, Jr., Omaha UL exe cutive director, to Gov. David L Lawrence. chairman of the President’s Committee on Equal Opportunity in Housing. In his lettek, Mr. Nichols had called attention to information developed by ihe Omaha UL, jointly with League’s nation nl office, the Negro personnel were being discriminate against n listings of private housing maintained by Offirtt housing of ficers and thus were not secur ing equal treatment. On March 3J, Mr. .Nichols was advised in a letter, signed by John J. Reed, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, that main tenance of such dual listings was to be abolished, not only’ at Of futt AFB but at any otVier in stallation where the practice was in effect. The letter states in part: "The Secretary of Defense, by issuance of an order on Mar- 8, 1963, has precluded further list ings of this type. The Secretary’s order specifies that effective im mediately, listings maintained by base housing offices of available private housing shall include only those units which are available without regard to race, color, creed or national origin.” Queried on Mar. 17 by Mr. Nichols concerning the letter, an information spokesman at Offutt said the base had not received the order, but added: “It will, of course, be implemented if we receive it.” Offutt spokesmen have pre 1! HIM INGHAM MANIFESTO The patience of nn oppressed people cannot endure lorever. The Negro citizens of Birmingham for the last sev eral years have hoped in vain for some evidence of good faith resolution of our just grievances. Birmingham is a part of the United States and we are bona fide citizens. Yet the history of Birmingham reveals that very little of the democratic process touches the life of the Negro in Birmingham. We have been segregated racially, exploited economically, and dominated politically. Under the leadership of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, we sought relief by petition for the re peal of city ordinances requiring segregation and the in stitution of a merit hiring policy in city employment. We were rebuffed. We then turned to the system of the courts. We weathered set-back after set-back, with all of its cost liness, finally winning the terminal, bus, parks and airport cases. The bus decision has been implemented begrudgingly and the parks decision prompted the closing of all munici pally-owned recreational facilities with the exception of the zoo and Legion Field. The airport case has been a slight ly better experience with the exception of hotel accommo dations and the subtle discrimination that continues in the limousine service. We have always been a peaceful people, bearing our oppression with super human effort. Yet we have been the victims of repeated violence, not only that inflicted by the hoodlum element but also that inflicted by the blatant mis use of police power. Our memories are seared with pain ful mob experience of Mother’s Day 1961 during the Free dom Ride. For years, while our homes and churches were j being bombed, we heard nothing but the ranting and rav- I ings of racist city officials. The Negro protest for equality and justice has been a voice crying in the wilderness. Most of Birmingham has remained silent, probably out of fear. In the meanwhile, our city has acquired the dubious reputation of being the worst big city in race relations in the United States. Last Fall, for a flickering moment, it appeared that sincere com munity leaders from religion, business and industry dis cerned the inevitable confrontation in race relations ap proaching. Their concern for the city’s image and com monweal of all its citizens did not run deep enough. Sol emn promises were made, pending a postponement of di rect action, that we would be joined in a suit seeking the relief of segregation ordinances. Some merchants agreed to desegregate their rest-rooms as a good faith start, some actually complying, only to retreat shortly thereafter. We hold in our hands now, broken faith and broken promises. We believe in the American Dream of democracy, in the Jeffersonian doctrine that “all men are created equal and are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, among these being life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” - • ♦ Twice since September we have deferred our direct action thrust in order that a change in the city government would not be made in the hysteria of a community crisis. We act today in full concert with our Hebraic-Christian tradition, the laws of morality and the Constitution of our nation. The absence of justice and progress in Birmingham demand that we make a moral witness to give our com munity a chance to survive. We demonstrate our faith that we believe that the beloved community can come to Birm ingham. We appeal to the citizenry of Birmingham, Negro and white, to join us in this witness for decency, morality, self-respect and human dignity. Your individual and cor porate suport can hasten the day of “liberty and justice for all.” This is Birmingham’s moment of truth in which every citizen can play his part in her larger destiny. DETROIT TRIBUNE, SATURDAY, APRIL IS, 1983 viously advised Mr. Nichols that the base files on privately owned units available contained “very few” apartments or houses “open to Negro occupancy.” Reginald A. Johnson of New York, NUL associate director for JailedSNCC Staff Sends Open Letter Ta Congress; Asks For Protection of Rights GREENWOOD, Miss. ln an open letter from a Greenwood. Mississippi jail, the eight jailed staff members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Com mittee have asked every Con gressman and every Senator in the United States to “enact leg islation which will insure that workers and applicants to reg ister to vote are afforded refuse protection by the Federal Gov ernment when local authorities refuse to provide protection.” The letter also says: We feel further that the Con gress of the United States has the inescapable duty to pass President Kennedy’s civil rights bill at this session. We call par ticular attention to the provi sions for voter registration which provide for automatic appoint ment of Federal referees in any county where 15% of any ra cial minority are not registered to vote. It has been our ex perience that local authorities are not generally concerned with th'» laws that are on the books as long as they have the power . housing, in Omaha on a field i trip when the letter to Mr. Nieh ols arrived, was pressed by re porters for comment. He told them he saw no reason to blame Offott offieers. “The higher brass evidently j to interpret and administer these law's: therefore, we feel the pass age and enforeement of this leg islation will cut sharply through the red tape and roadblocks set for applicants to register to vote.” Robert Moses, director of SNCC’s Mississippi voter regis tration program, as writer ol the letter for himself and the other seven imprisoned SNCC workers, also gives a detailed ac count of how the group was ar rested accompanying Negroes to the Leflore County courthouse VIC VET SAYS... Q —l have a chronic skin dis ease. Asa veteran am 1 entitled to treatment at a eVterans Ad ministration outpatient clinic? A—To be eligible for VA out patient care a veteran must have a service-connected disability or must br. receiving vocational re h«- bilitation training and needs treatment to avoid interrupting his training, or be a veteran of the Spanish-American War, Al so, veterans applying for com 98th Grand Communication Os Prince Hall Masons In Michigan To Be Held Here The founder of this organiza tion Prince Hall was born at Bridgetown Barbados, West In dies, September 12, 1748 of an English father and a free French colored woman. At seventeen he went to Boston where he work ed eight years before he acquir ed real estate, qualifying him self to vote. Being religously in clined he later became a preach er in the Methodist Church with a charge at Cambridge. On March (>, 177(5, Prince Hall and fourteen other free Negroes of Boston were made Master Masons in an Army Lodge St a tinned near Boston. Prince Hall and his brethren were granted authority to meet as a Lodge, go in procession on St. John's Day, and as a Lodge, to bury their dead. Brother Prince Hall. Master of African Lodge No. 459. working under Dispensation June 30th. 1784, petitioned his Royal High ness, the Duke of Cumberland. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England for the grant of a Charter, constituting said brethren into a regular Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons. On September 29. 1784, the Charter was issued, and by vir tue of the authority of this Char ter, African Lodge No. 459 was established and begin work as a regular Masonic Body. June 24, 1791 in Mason’s Hall. Water Street. Boston. Massachu setts. the African Grand Lodge was formed, with Prince Hall as its first Grand Master. This of fice he held until his death in December. 1807. June 24, 1808 the Deputy Grand Master, Nero Prince sum moned the existing Lodges to a meeting in Boston, and there the name of the African Grand Lodge was changed to the Most Worship ful Prince Hall Grand Lodge F. & AM. in memory of Prince Hall. The magnificent history of the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the State of Mich igan can be traced through n diana. Ohio, Pennsylvania and the first Grand Lodge of Masons of color here in the United States. The Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Mass achusets. which were earlier known as the African Lodge, and from this heritage we can trace our legitimacy to the Grand I.odge of England of which his Royal Highness. Henry Frederic. Duke of Cumberland, was the Grand Master in tthe year of A.L. 5784, A D 1784. January 13. 1859. the Michigan Prince Hall Order was first es tablished on the soil of this state in Niles. Harrison Lodge No. 6 of Niles. Michigan was granted a Charter and dedicated March 15. 1883 The Michigan Grand Lodge was established and Pro claimed in 1865, Today there ore 39 Grand Lod ges among Colored Masons in the United States Canada. Liberia. Africa, and the Bahamas Is lands, all direct descendants of ItMLW. Prince HaU Grand 5 didn't tell its other officers what to do,” said Mr. Johnson “The result, the Urban League is con fident. will Ik* that Negro per sonnel at all military installations will be assured of a better pace to live.” to register on March 27. Moses describes four attempted mur dersjjf S.N'CC workers since Feb ruary 28. The letter, signed by all im prisoned SNCC workers, closes with the following plea to legis lators: It (the Congress) has an ines capable duty to do this (enact legislation) before not after ;.n explosion such as occur red at Oxford, Mississippi, rocks this country on her heels and causes irreparable harm in her international affairs. pensation or pension benr.fits or for insurance may have a med ical examination at a VA out* pftient clinic as may veterans who are seeking to determine the need for hospital care. Q —What is the* oldest group of veterans now that Civil War veterans arc all gone? A—Thr.-e are 26 surviving vet erans of the Indian Wars and most are in their nineties. Lodge of Massachusetts. There are 4.301 Subordinate Lodges with a membership of Michigan proudly proclaim our legitimacy. hTe original Char ter through which we trace it, was charred in a fire in 1869 which destroyed the Massachu setts Grand Lodge, but due to the fact that it was in a metal tube, and the devotion of Grand Master S T Kendall who crawl ed into the burning building in ptril of his life, the Charter was <*aved. The original Charter has long since been made secure be tween heavy plate glass and is kept in a fire nreof vault in a downtown Boston bank. The Fraternity of Prince HaU Masons holds that any Grand Lodge among Negroes whose Con stituent Lodges cannot trace their lineage to African Lodge No. 459 of 1784 under warrant of the Grand Lodge in England (moderns) is without a legitimate ancestry and therefore, "SPURI OUS.” There are various and sun dry claims to the contrary, but so far. none has been able to stand up under impartial and competent investigation. We shall therefore continue to maintain this position until such time as these so-called Grand Lodges can submit to a board of recog nizer! Mrso-ii? Historians indis putable <1 v mentary evidence that it has been organized by competent and recognized author ity and in accordance with the generally accepted regulations and procedures of the Masonic Fraternity. We proudly proclaim our her itage as we welcome the repre sentatives from the fifty one con stituent lodges located in the State of Michigan, to the 98th Annual Grand Communication. We also would like to extend an invitation to the public to join us at the several public functions outlined for this session. They are THE GRAND LODGE OF SORROW 7:45 pm., 3500 Mc- Dougall, Sunday, April 21. (No charge for admission) The An nual Banquet 7:45 p m.. 3500 Mc- Dougall, Monday, April 22. Ad mission $3.50. ♦ • • The Metropolitan Masters and Wardens Council is holding a special meeting April 14th, 3500 McDougall, at 4:00 p.m. The purpose of the meeting is to finalize plans for hosting the Prince Hall Grand Lodge. The various committees are expect ed to display peak efficiency as they sum up their final reports before the session. The meeting will be highlight ed by expected visitations from Tbe Most Worshipful Grand Mas ter of the souvereign State of Michigan, the Honorable James A Ilcnson, the Right Worship ful Deputy Grand Master, Wil liam F. Scott. The public is invited to at tend the Grand Lodges of Sor row held Sunday Evening, April 21st., at 7:45 p.m. 3500 McDoug all.