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Published every by th« OITROIT TRIftUNI PUBLISHING CO., Inf. Andrtw P. Prueheuf, C.S., Owner and PuWiiW B. 0, HUPBlftn (In Mtmoritm) WMU#m M- ftlllngton, if. Warren 0. Ellington Aitaciilt General Managers-Managing Editors Entered at second class matter at tbe post office at Detroit. Micb lean, under the set of March 3. 18TP SUBSCRIPTIONS: One Year. #4 SO; 6 m«s, $2 60; 3 mo*.. 51.25; Foreign, yearly. $5 00 National Advertising Representatives: Interstate United Newspapers 970 GRATIOT AVINUI WO. 2-1022 - WO. 2-4937 "Second Class Postage Paid At Detrait, Michigan" RACE FEPC "THE CHRISTUKE THING ON RACE IS THE RIGHT THING ." "t» thou would bo blossod I Oboy God's Scionco I and blots ofhors."—by ANDREW F. FRUKHAUF, C.S. CRUSADER FOR THE INVINCIBLE, TRIUMPHANT, DIVINE RIGHTS OF MAN REPRESENTING "OUR FATHER-MOTHER GOD;* ' God's liberator of tho Bible, tho Christian Scienca textbook, has tha nacassary wisdom/ 4 Haavan, OUR aternal life, and ALL reality (spiritual, es course), ere found are discovered —IN human con sciousness I 4 DETROIT TRIBUNE, SATURDAY. MAY 11. 1963 EDITORIAL By Lee Ivory According to information available to the United States Commission on Civil Rights in Fiscal Year 1962, the Federal government received from all sources in the State of Missis sippi 5270 million. During the same period, it is report ed. payments from the Federal overnment to the State, coonnties, municipalities amt individuals exceeded $650 milbon for grant in aid programs, United States Corps oi Engineers construction contracts, military prime con tracts. and direct military and civilian payrolls. Examples of additional Federal programs benefitting Mississippi include Area. Redevelopment loans and grants. Small Business loans, Accelerated Public Works projects, and Federal Aviation Agency grants. Massive assistance to the economy of Mississippi has continued past the time when the State placed itself in direct defiance of the Constitution and Federal court or ders. For example, the National Aeronautics and Space Agency is proceeding with plans to build a S4OO million moon rocket engine test center in Pearl River and Han cock Counties. Mississippi. laking into account the need to comply with statu tory requirements which limit the discretion of the Execu tive Branch, and further recognizing that the location of large Federal installations must reflect national needs, it is felt in some quarters that there is an overridin consti tutional obligation to make certain that Federal funds are expended in a manner which will benefit all citizens with out distinction. The Federal Aviation Agency failed to recognize such obligation when it granted $2,180,000 lor the construction of a jet airport to serve Jackson, Missi sippi, without questioning the airport’s plan to build sep arate dining and restroom facilities. Since October 1962, the open and flagrant violation of constitutional guarantees in Mississippi has precipated serious conflict which, on several occassions, h s reached the point of crisis. The Negroes in the noun, already treading dangerous ground, have become increasingly alarmed at this crass defiance of the Constitution. Each week brings fresh evidence of the danger of a complete breakdown of law and order. Negroes in Mississippi have been shot, set upon by vicious dogs, beaten and otherwise terrorized simply be cause they sought to use the ballot—a right granted to them under the provisions of the united States Consti tution Since October, students have been fired upon, run off the road, ministers have been assaulted and their homes have been bombed. Even children, at the brink of starvation, have been deprived of assistance by the very callous and discriminatory acts of Mississippi of ficials administering Federal funds. While we are cognizant of the strong and vigorous action in assuring that violators of Federal law are pros ecuted. and that court orders must be enforced to main tain their validity, we view with jaundiced eye the re ports that “deals” are being made in the Justice Depart ment of the United States. Despite the diligent and aggressive handling of each case as it has arisen, the Negroes of the northern states must necessarily be concerned that the pattern of unlaw lul activity shows no signs of abating. Moreover, nine years after the Supreme Court unanimously decided that segregation in public elementary and secondary schools violates the equal protection clause of the Constitution. Mississippi has taken no step to comply with the law of the land. The United States Commission on Civil Rights, since its inception, has been deeply concerned with develop ment in the State of Mississippi. Its hearing scheduled for October 1962 in that State was first postponed at the re quest of the Attorney General of the United States, Rob ert F. Kennedy, and finally cancelled. On March 26, the Attorney General, after referring to the Governor Bar nett case, stated that: While this case it pending, I continue to hold the view that a public hearing in Miss issippi by tha Civil Rights Commission would not be appropriate. In the meantime, I hope that, tha work of tha Commission staff can continue as in tha past on the question of the operation of Federal programs in Miss issippi as elsewharo. Since October, the Commission has received more than 100 complaints from Mississippi alleging denials of Constitutional rights. Investigation of these complaints confirm the conclusion that prompt and firm action is now required. Only further, perhaps aggressive, steps by the Fed eral Government can arrest the subversion of the United States Constitution in the State of Mississippi. We were heartened by the forceful action taken by the President in deploying troops necessary to assure compliance with the court decrees in tbe University of Firm Government Action Can Prevent This, Hollywood Writer And Producer Exposes Shameful Plight of Negroes In Filmland Tag Hollywood Writer and Carlton Moss, writer and pro ducer of films on American Neg life. writing in the Spring issue of FRKKDOMWAYS. a Quarter ly Review of the Negro Freedom Movement, in an article entitled ‘The Negro in Films” proves that Negroes have always been barred from full participation in this mass media. The article shows clearly how stereotypes are created and how they are maintained. FREEDOM WAYS is published at 799 Broadway, New Kennedy's Foreign Aid Bill (Continued from Page 1) A. Philip Randolph, national president of the Negro American Labor Council, called the Admini stration's aid request for Africa -paltry.” Mr. Randolph, who is also international president of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Port, ers and an AFL-CIO vice presi dent, said “U. S. has greatest responsibility for assisting Afri can nations.” Council Honors (Continued from Page 1) The text read: “In gratitude for your contribution to the in tellectural and spiritual enrich ment of the clergy of metropoli tan Detroit through the annual sessions of the B. Benedict Gla zer Institute on Judaism and in commendation of your relations, the Metropolitan Detroit Coun cil of Churches, through the De troit Pastors’ Union, presents to you this Citation of Apprecia tion.” The ministers of the city have enjoyed annually intellectual sti mutation and snirilual inspira tion from attendance at the ses sions of the B Benedict (Jlaz er Institute on Judaism where hey have always been guests for th<’ entire eecasien and for a delectable luncheon. A spokes man for the Council said: “It seemed to lie an appropriate and meaningful way to express our gratitude to Dr. Hertz and Temple Beth El.” ( 7Tfflsrf’ gOft I WATCH YOIHtSIfED' Mississippi case. We are mindful of the unequivocal pub lic statements of the President expressing his belief that discriminatory practices are morally wrong. Yet, no fur ther action has followed the President’s widely-publicized troop deployment even though Federal force seems more necessary now than ever before. We believe that President John F. Kennedy should, consistent with his Constitutional and statutory author ity, employ to the fullest the legal and moral powers of his office to the end that American citizenship will not continue to be degraded in Mississippi. York, New York. Single copies sell for one dollar and subscrip tions are three fifty a year. Mr Moss sV.tes that “The Mov. ic industry has a yearly payroll of $580.(X)().00() and to this day. the participation of colored Americans is basically that of the paying audience. Despite the idvances in the trade union move ment, in Fair Employment Prac tices and the general awakening in the United States on the treat ment of colored people, only a handful of Negro Americans can The texts of he wires to Presi dent Kennedy follow: April 29, 1963 President John F. Kennedy The White House Washington, 1). C. American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa urges in crease in the sum of S3OO million requested for Africa in Admini stration Foreign Aid Bill. In our December 1«L; While House Con ference with you wc .st, * e 1 Fiat in terms of effective help in developing democratic institu tions in newly emerging African Nations, the realistic need is for increased dollar aid. Our member ship of more than two score Na tional Negro organizations finds it incredible that voices in high places in the United States would say at this period in history: ‘Leave tho problem of aiding the emerging independent Afri can Nations primarily o their former colonial masters.” We urge you to reject the unrealist ic African section of the Clay Report. Roy Wilkins Chairman, Call Committee American Negro leader ship Conference on Africa * * * Prcsdeint John F. Kennedy ’I he White House Washington, D. C. Negro American Labor Coun cil regards Administration Fore ign Aid Bill request of S3OO mil lion for aid to African Nations as paltry. Council unwilling to believe your administration and Congressional Leaders arc sup porting Clay Report recommenda tion minimizing U. S. responsi bility to emerging African Na tions. As leader of free world, U. S. has greatest responsibility for assisting the creation and maintenance of democratic in stitutions in newly emerging in dependent African States. Tech nical assistance in this regard vital. Composed of thousands of Negro Trade Unionists, our coun cil urges that you reject in clea’* terms Cluy Report section on Africa. A. Philip Randolph National President Negro American Council earn a living in the industry and they are employed only in front of cameras.” The featured artist in the Spring issue of FREEDOM WAYS is Hugh Harrell of New York City. Police Plans (Continued from Page 1) A memorial plaque will be un veiled before the luncheon. The central display at the Old City Hall site will face on Fort Street. A communications trailer, disaster truck, water duck, bomb truck, motorcycle, horse trailer and radio equipment w I be dis played. A team of recruiting specialists will be on duty each day. Every day of the week at the precinct stations is aimed at specific groups: schoolchildren, young adults, service clubs, la dies, senior citirens and families. The Police Harbormaster bu reau on Belle sje will feature equipment for the public to view. The week w'.ll end with Prot estant memorial services Sunday, May 19, at Our Saviour Lutheran Church, Elmdale and Dickerson. Sponsoring the week are the Detroit Po’’ce Department, the Lieutenants’ and Sergeants’ As sociation and the Detroit Police Officers’ Association. General Chairman of Police Week is Commissioner Edwards. Co-Chairman: Detective Sergeant Charles Perry, president of Lieu tenants’ and Serge.ans’ Associa tion: Detective Donald Livernois, president of Detroit Police Of ficers Association, Program Co ordinator. Lieutanent Robert Quaid, research and planning bureau. VIC VET SAYS... Q—A friend of mine—no re lative—died without fund* or family recently. Due to our long association, i arranged a funeral and picked up the tab.< The de ceased had served in the army from 1931 to 1935. Will the VA pay a burial allowance ift this ease? A—Not unloss the deceased had been in receiot of service-con nected compr.isation at the time of death *r had been discharged c." retired for disability incurred in the line of duty. Neithor serv ice connectr.t nor disability dis charge would be necessary had the deceased been a wartime or Korean Conflict veteran. Q—What is the procedure for getting a veteran into a VA hos pital in a medical emergency? A—Patients requiring emer gency t.'oetmmt me*/ be taken and •'.*tly to the nearest VA hos pital, but if possible the veteran cr tomeone acting for him should communicate with the VA by telephone or telegraph before hand. Q —Can a widow of a veteran live with anoher man as his wife but continue to draw a VA pen sion as long as she does not actu ally marry the man? A Ha. Tbe law governing wi dow's pensions was amended in IW to declare such a person not eligible for pension. the rnble “The same day weal Jesus out of the house, and spt hy the sea side. • “And great multitudes were gathered together unto felpt* so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole mul titude stood on the shore “And he spake m• n y things unto them in pera* hies saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; “And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and de voured them up: “Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: “And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and be cause they had no root, they withered away. “And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them: “But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirty fold. “Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Letter To The Editor "MAN'S INHUMANITY TO MAN" - DEPLORED To The Editor: Moved by a deep humane and patriotic anxiety. I con sider it is my duty to deplore the cruel methods used by the Montgomery and Birmingham Alabama police officers against the Negro population. It is reported in the Press that Birmingham Negroes congregate in protest against segregation and police use high-powered fire hoses and snapping police dogs to repel the demonstrators. It makes my heart sad and heavy, when I read in the newspapers concerning the use of such cruelties against Negro citizens. Negroes are people and they should be treated with the same respect and dignity as other races. In our free and glorious land any man or group of men may voice their protest against any idea, and if they are distui%ing the peace and the order of society,, then the police and government may act in accordance with the pro cess of law, and not with the law of the jungle. l It seems to the writer that the some of the officers in Birmingham lack what we need so deeply, as human beings, the understanding that to deny Negroes the human rights as free citizens, makes the Negro still remain a voiceless slave. I wonder what Abraham Lincoln would have done to correct such cruel and inhuman practices as they did in Birmingham, Alabama. I only hope that before too long the people of my race and of my Americans will wake up to the fact that the world is made up of many people of different races tand colors. Prophet Isaiah said, many centmies ago, that tne lights and the righteousness of the world belongs to all of the people. The Negro must be accepted as human and tieated with the same respect and dignity wherever they are. V To the Police officers of Birmingham I may say and repeat the holy words of The Prince of Peace, "Forgive them, for they know not what they do." Wolf Levitan Watch far ovr CantMnial ad it ions featuring Michigan's Aunt Laura. A graphic mam °fial ta a graat Amarican whaaa ralantlass assault upon tha siava powar wan far har tha titia "Suparintandant a# tha Undar graund Railroad.” In addition, *Aa was g stalwart In oduca •lmml and waifara worfc among lens us: “And the disciples epme, •nd said unto him, Why speaketh thou unto them in parables? “He answered and said un to them, Because it is given unto you to know the mys teries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. “For whosoever hath, to him shall be given,’• and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not. from him shall be taken away even that he hath. “Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. (Matthew 13:1-13). • • • “Study to shew thyself ap proved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be asham ed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” (II Timothy 2:15) “Science and Health with Kay to tha Scriptures, by Mary Baker Eddy, the textbook of Christian Scionce, can be read, borrowed, or Purchased, together with the Bible, at Christian Science Reading Rooms everywhere." fugitive siavas and I afar tha Fraadman. Har cantrltovfion to H»a forthcoming Amarican Nag* ra Emancipation Canfannlal, spansarad toy tha Fadarai Gov amm ant, will too partrayad Htraugh this madium In a sa rlas af articias which will ba* •in soon In this aawspapar.