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The Detroit Tribune
Published every Wednesday by the DITROIT TRI6UNI PUBLISHING C 0„ Inc. Andrew P. Prurkagf, C.S„ Owner end Publisher B. |. Ellingten (In Memoriam) William M. Ellington, Sr. War ran O. Ellingten AitMiaH General Managers-Managing Editors Entered as second class msttei at toe pod ottioe at Detroit, Mich Uan. under the act of March 3. 1879 SUBSCRIPTIONS: One Year $4 SO; 0 mos., $2 50; 3 mos., $1.23; Foreign, yearly, $5.00 National Advertising Representatives: Interstate United Newspapers 970 GRATIOT AVENUE WO. 2-1022 - WO. 2-4*37 "Second Class Pestaye Paid At Oetrait. Michigan” RACE FEPC "THE CHRISTIIKE THING ON RACE IS THE RIGHT THING .** "II Ihou would bo bio,tod I Oboy God', Scion** I ond blot, other,."—by ANDREW F. PRUEHAUP. C.S. CRUSADER FOR TH* INVINCIBLE. TRIUMPHANT, DIVINE RIGHTS OF MAN REPRESENTING "OUR FATHER MOTHER GOO:* "God's liberator of the Bibly, tha Christian Science textbook, has the nyesssary wisdom " Heaven. OUR eternal lit**. and ALL reality (spiritual 3 f course), are found are discovered —IN human COP sciousness ! DKTIIOM IT’ T \F SATP!D\v. SFPTEMRER 28. 1983 4 Hdk fEn cipation A Ws? cf feature t ’ lhe NAACP FRA CES ELLEN WA KINS HARPER DuriiK t l \ tv 1831-18 . a generation of free Negroes einei . i ho w I*l *fi ng economic nnd social dis. bill! vs iru. .s.uglx intoiera 1 * be« ause they had as yim:lute*i so i nh ol Ann rita’s tixilization and goals. It ua> natural tint such people should move into the anti slavery crusade because, through racial discrimination, they were identified with the enslaved Negro. Convinced of the futility of slave revolts, they worked now in close association with the growing army of Northern Abolition ists. Included in this generation was the first notable group of Negro writers, artists, musicians and poets, the most outstanding of whom was Frances Ellen Watkins Harper. Mrs. Harper was free born in Baltimore, Mr., in 1825. She was orphaned at an earh age. cared for by an aunt and attended her uncle s school for colored children. She began to work for a living at thirteen and a decade later, in 1851. moved to Ohio where she taught domestic science at a seminary. By 1853 she had moved to \oik. Pa., where she first saw the Underground Railroad in opera tion. Later she moved to Philadelphia where frequent ef forts for the escape of slaves and the horrors they endured kept the public excited. It was at this point that Mrs. Harper began to take an active part in the antislavery crusade. By 1854 she was an antislaverly lecturer of note. She toured the North and Canada for the next six years. Since she was an accom plished speaker and entertaining in her presentations, she was well received by her audiences. Her booklets of anti slavery and religious verse were sold by the thousands because of her fame as a reformer and because she cit culated the books with the aid of whites at her Abolitionist lectures. After the death of her husband, Fenton Harper, in 1860, she concentrated on writing poetry and prose. Her tirst volume of works entitled Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects m 1854 had been favorably received. About 1860 she produced what is said to be the best example of her prose entitled lola Leroy, or the Shadows Uplifted. Some ot her outstanding poems are Eliza Harris, The Slave Mother, Bible Defense of Slavery, The Freedom Bell, and Bury Me in a Free Land. According to critics, her verse had a peculiar force and charm, and she always impressed an audience in readinng her poems. Asa gifted speaker, teacher, reader, lecturer and writer she became one of the mod popular women of her time. She de don February 11 I*ll at the age of 86. Vic Vet Says. . . Q Arc veterans of World War I entitled to a pension 0 It they are, is there a required ago and do they have to be retired? A—A pension may be payable to a wartime veteran, regardless of age, if he is totally and perm anently disabled not as a result of his military service. The vete ran must be on bit to pursue a gainful occupation by reason of such disabdity a. and his income from all sources p%t be under certain statutory -nits. Details to fit an ird .v ? avail able at >ny Q— I h vt 1 tl any one entitle > t' woid “(I. I ” is «-n»it t \* tcran benefits. Is this \ and what does “(I I.” rm- 1 A—The term "C l." might be defined as "government issue" and referred to varied supplies, equipment, clothing, etc., issued to individuals or units in the service. In time it became a slang term referring to the ser vicemen themselves. It hes no standing es an entitlement to Federal benefits. • e * q—why are widows of World j War II or of Korean Conflict veterans unable to get pensions from the Government on the same grounds that World War I widows ran? A— T bet is no Unger true. Since July 1, 19*0, widow* gfj World War II or of Korean Con flict veterans hove been eligible to receive pensions on the some basis at World War I widows. In brief, the dee#a ted husband bad ta have at laast 90 days of service of which part was dur ing wartime hg had bagn dia ch*iged under conditions other than dishonorable and the wid ows annual income is within statutoiy limits. Individual de tail! may be received at any VA office. YES' WE ALL TALK YF S, WE ALL TALK P. rliamentary Inquiry Marcus H. Boulware . (lion "Itisi to Parlia- Inquiry” is designed is possible for a mem b » * k a question a I tout par ti.' m try law. i stance, a member might n .id say, "Mister Chairman, I to a parliamentary in qu ’’ This motion needs no s"( ml. ami therefore the chair man should say: “state your inquiry.’* The member might say, de pending upon what he wants to knnw, * Is »hc motion debatable?” The chairman might say, de pending upon the case, “Yes., this motion is debatable.” If the presiding officer does not know the answer, he should re fer the question to the parlia mentarian. Thus, the chairman would say, “Mr Parliamentarian, will you answer the member’s question?" RKADERB: For my chart of motions arranged according to classes ami the characteristics of motions, send oac dollar to cover cost of handling to Dr. Marcus If. Boulware, Florida A , mm! M. University. Bov 318-A, Tallahassee, Florida, Zip Cock’ 13307. Hungs You' Should bow JJJIfTORREY-t -i- // - ...(WADUATEOFYAL£. ANOOPM22V|a THEOLOGICAL SEMINABY. HE WENT TO ANNAPOLIS W THE MIDDLE 1880% TO REPORTA SLAVEHOLD iBfik' ers'convention/ for this he was arrested %Ds9lfib^iHKpJ\ BUT HE WAS RELEASED ON BAIL. Yf ARS LATER, ' HE WAS INDICTED FOR HELPING A SLAVE TO ES "} CAPE AND SENT TO MARYLAND STATE PENITEN-, Pf < TIARY WHERE HE REMAINEd’tiL HIS DEATH. £& P&* rcs/ee-& The Somalis Os Northeast Konya Hopes For Peaceful Settlement BY ELIZABETH BARKER As the countries of Africa move first to independence and then towards African unity, dif ficult local problems are bound »o crop up in the vast process of change and growth. One of these is the problem of the peo ple of the Somali race who live in Northeast Kenya, in of the j Northern Frontier District. Tin* recently - concluded Brit* j ish Somali talks in Home, with Kenya ministers taking part, fail ! to dear up the problem, hut they ' pointed towards a peaceful and ! constructive method of tackling it. In this wav they achieved something valuable for all par ties above all. for the peo ple most directly concerned, the Somalis of the Northern Fron tier district, who would suffer most from a conflict between the neighboring Somali Repub lic and Konya. The problem is a complicated one, but by no means unique. The frontier drawn in Africa, in the Colonial era which is now passing, often had little relation with racial or even tribal group ings. There was no machinery for consulting the wishes of all the people concerned. Letter To The Editor Dear Editor, ihe state of racial affairs in our beloved country has leached such a sorrowful con dition of deterioriation as to cause all honest men to search their consciences in efforts to discover if they have done i nouuh to resolve the many dif ferences that may plunge our land deeper into the abyss of .‘hame and chaos, from which \u may never recover. The diabolical murders of six young Negroes within a few hours apart demonstrates the tragic reaction to the efforts of America’s greatest minority to Ik* free Similar, but less violent reactions are being exhibited in oilier parts of the country ( hicago. New York, Los Angeles and Philadelphia, where issues like open occupancy, discrimin ation in .jobs, segregated schools, etc., have caused misguided white people to take to the streets in strenuous efforts to maintain the status quo. But,; thanks to anew type of Ne gro leadership, the status quo is dying. But the conscience of ; white America must be reached in a hurry if freedom is to come 1o AI.L Americans with a min imum of violence and deaths. White Americans must speak hut as they have not done be-, fore. Their silence gives con sent to bigots. Their voices, loud and clear, may serve as deter ments to force and violence. The collective temper of Ne- i gro America is fast rising to the boiling point. Unless respons ible white Americans assert themselves in behalf of racial justice, the top will surely blow. Our great Negro leadership has done its best, and its best has been tremendous. The re sponsibility now rests on the shoulders of the dominant group. What are some things that this group do? The media of expression con trolled by whites must do more than report: it must appeal for justice. It must exhibit new forms of leadership in the cur rent phase of this civil rights revolution. It must call upon the governments local, state and national to enforce exist ing laws or to make new ones, guaranteeing that ALL of God's children will derive benefits When Change is Dangerous It would therefore be absurd to suppose that all the frontiers; are the best possible. On the other hand, in a period of very rapid develop, it is difficult, and can be dangerous, to change them. There is in particular the dan ger of conflict between young newly independent states, which could harm their internal growth and hamper progress towards wider African unity. The problem of the Somalis of Northeast Kenya contains this threat. Britain wants Ken ya to achieve independence now only a few months ahead— in the best possible conditions. To ask, or try to force, the lead ers of Kenya to accept a large territorial loss on the eve of independence would not serve this aim. They, like other African lead- j ers, draw strength from the for-1 cos of nationalism, and it would t he very hard for them to ac quiesce in such a loss at such a moment. They believe, too, that they should have the chance to try to win the confidence and support of the Somalis of Kenya. On the other hand, the lead- equally therefrom. The white controlled mist go af ter bigots with the same v! or that they go after adverising This means, of course that these organs of information must themselves be extremely objec tive in the treatment of racial issues. Politicians in and out of of fice must place greater empha sis on human rißhts than on pol itical priviledges, for in so do ing neither would have to fear possible retribution from white voters. White ministers must have no fear of the prejudices of their congregations, if they REALLY believe that God is just. God made ALL men. And He made them the color of his choice. Yet he made them broth ers. School teachers should be made cognizant of their great mission: to rid their students of ignorance. Not just in letters, but also in human relations. Rut, of -course, the latter re sponsibility is primarily that of the parents. And members of the Bus iness community must force themselves to understand that a healthy economy is based, among other things, on the mor al well-being of the community. Finally, we Negroes have a responsibility. Our first respons ibility, however, is to continue the fight for equal justice. And while doing so prepare our selves for the greater obliga tions that come with equality. We can save America, if white America will do its share. They need do only what is right. The rewards are worth the efforts. Very sincerely, s/albcrt janney Albert Janney crs of the Somali Republic, it self a young state, felt rightly or wrongly that Britain, as an outsider, was more likely to deal impartially with the prob lem than the government of a newly-indepcndent Kenya. For this reason, they insist strongly on Britain’s responsibility for settling the matter. Promise Fulfilled As for the Somalis of North east Kenya, there is no doubt that at present they feel that they have much closer natural links with the Somali Republic than with the future indepen-1 dent Kenya. Moreover, they know the British but do not know, and therefore mistrust, the leaders of Kenya. The British, in proposing the Rome talks, were fulfilling a‘ promise that the Somali Repub lic should have an opportunity to state its views on the prob lem before Kenya’s independence. They aimed, however, at some thing much more positive and constructive to bring togeth er the leaders of Somalia and of Kenya in a joint effort to solve the problem in the in terests of the people of the dis puted territory. Although the Rome meeting ended without agreement, it opened up the way to future progress. The Kenya ministers, who formed part of the British delegation, made a big move forward. They recognized that the prob lem • f t’’ » Somalis of the North ern Frotul.r District was not a purely internal matter for Ken ya, but that the Somali Govern ment had a rightful interest in This is the first step towards a joint effort to solve it, and the Kenya ministers went on to offer direct talks between ti t e Kenya and Somali Govern ments, without any advance con ditions. Somali Counter-Suggestion Unfortunately, this did not bear immediate fruit, since the Somali delegates countered it with a proposal for talks under conditions which the Kenyans clearly could not accept in ad vance: that the Northern Fron tier District, as an interim meas ure, should be placed under joint Somali-Kenyan administra tion or under United Nations administration. The Kenya Government is, how ever, keeping its offer open, and the Rritish hope that in the end the Somalis will come to accept it. Meanwhile, it is important that the Somali delegates have stated —and the British natur ally agree that only peace ful and lawful means should he used to settle the problem. This should mean that if, in the long run, agreement cannot be reached between Somalia and independent Kenya, the use of force is ruled out. The Kenya leaders have agreed that, if direct negotiations fail, the Somali Government should be free to take the matter to the Organization of African Uni ty, established at the Addis Ab aba Conference last May, which is to have the task, among oth ers, of mediation, conciliation, arbitration in disputes between members. This is a fair offer. The British, for their part, wish neither to cling to the rel ies of the colonial era nor to shirk their responsibilities in its closing phase. They want to give help towards a solution of the problem of the Somalis of Northeast Kesnya, hut thoy believe that a final settlement can be reached only between African states in an African framework. The Bible Tells Us: “Now faith U the tub stance of thing* hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. “For by it the elder* ob tained a good report. “Through faith we under stand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. • By faith Abel offered un to God a more excellent sac rifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testify ing of his gifts: and by it ho being dead yet speaketh. “By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased •God. “But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God •must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. “By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet. move 1 with fear, prepared an ail: to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith. “By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should af ter receive for an inherit ance, obeyed; and he went out. not knowing whither he went. “By faith he sojurned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: Fire Marshal's Letter ■A hB BERNARD F. DE COSTER Discrimination Uncovered On Gov't Contract WASHINGTON A scries of new complaints has been filed with the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Oppor tunity here by the NAACP. charging discrimination in sev eral companies with federal government contracts. Complaints were filed this week by NAACP Labor Secret ary Herbert Hill with Hobart Taylor, executive vice chairman of the Committee, against the Union-Camp Bag Paper Corp. of Savannah, Ga.; Belle City Malleable Iron Cos., Walker Man ufacturing Cos., Young Radiator Cos., and the Recine City Home for the Aged, all of Racine, Wise.; and the A-One Cleaners. Provo, Utah. The complaint against the Union-Camp Bag Paper Corp., filed on behalf of Felix Jenkins, an NAACP member, is of partic ular significance, Mr. Hill said, ay the company is one of the largest paper manufacturing corporations operating with fed cral government contracts in the South. Through a collective bargain ing agreement with the Brother hood of Pulp Sulphite and Pa per Mill Workers Union, APL CIO, the plant maintains separ ate racial seniority lines. Those lines limit Negro workers to the lowest paid menial job classifi cations. They are denied seniority and promotional rights into desir able craft and manufacturing classifications, Mr. Hill charged. Mr. Jenkins, an employee of the plant, was refused promo tion into the power department, even though he is fully quali fied both in skill and seniority. “For he looked for a city which hath foundation*, whose builder and maker i* God. ‘Through faith alio Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was de livered of a child when the was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. ♦Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and os the sand which is by the sea shore innumer able. "These all died in faith, not having received the pro mises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. "For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. "And truly, if they had been mindful of that coun try from whence they came out, they might have had op portunity to have returned. "But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath pre pared for them a city.’* (Hebrews 11:1*16) • • • "Study to shew thyself ap proved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be asham ed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” (II Timothy 2:15) "Science and Health with Key to the Scripture*, by Mary Baker Eddy, the textbook of Christian Science, can be read, borrowed, or purchased, together with the Bible, at Christian Science Reading Rooms everywhere/' , October, 1963 Mr. and lvfts.. John Citizen Detroit, Michigan Dear Mr. and Mrs. Citizen: i Fires in Michigan took 209 lives last year. In Detroit, 53 lives were lost. Four times as many lost their lives in home fires as those in public build ings. In Michigan, there werfe 20,- 225 dwelling fires last year, and 3.143 of them were caused in Detroit. These fires cost Mich igan residents $14,583,837 in homes and furnishings. We have the unfortunate hab it of dismissing mast fires as “accidents”, a sort of visitation of bad luck which was somehow unavoidable or unpredictable. Hut how unavoidable is the fire started by a carelessly dis | carded cigarette, or overloaded or defective electric wiring; or poorly maintained heating or cooking equipment? Yes, these and similar, uncomplicated causes are responsible for most fires. We need to acknowledge the fact that fires are not only waste ful but avoidable; then honestly attempt to change our habits and remove the hazards which cause them. When each of us as an individual has done this, we well no longer risk our lives, jobs and possessions to destruc tion by fire. Sincerely s/bemard f. de coster Bernard F. De Coster Fire Marshall TV eONVBRSATIONS OPEN NEW SEASON The award • winning television series. "Conversations,” begins its fourth season at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 25, on channel 56. It is sponsored by Wayne State University Television, the Detroit Public Library, the Uni versity Center for Adult Educa tion (WSU, U of M, EMU) and Detroit Adventure. Detroit’s only “open-end" (no time limit) program, it welcomes questions from the viewers by telephone. FEDERAL SERVICE EXAMS BEING HELD Entrance examination* intend ed primarily for young person* looking forward to a government service career in one of 60 fields are now being held. Applications must be received by October 17 at the Civil Service Regional Of fice nearest you. Application forms can be obtained from post offices, college placement offi ces, and U.S. Civil Service Com mission Regional Office*. Fur ther information is also avail able from the U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C. 10418.