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THE BATESBURG ADVOCATE. ! VOL 1. BATESBURG, S C. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1901. NO. 23 H riA?T If I VT I? TlAnpAT V;VAL Jill 11 El iivruvui A Series of Explosions Causes i Terrib e Disaster. MANY BRAVE LIVES LOST. Mine Was Considered Dangerru and fcxplosion Was Caused by tha Qreed of tha Wo?k?r?. A most disastrous explosion too I plaoo in the Port Royal m-no nci West Newton, Ponn., on last Wcdnef day. There is no fire in tho mice, t judge from appearances at tho pi mouth, but tho force of tho cxplosiji was 60 great that nono of ilio men, s tho minors say, could have survived th I Bhook. Tho uompleto list of the dca inolu ies: William MoCune, superintendent married, four childron. John Hock, mino boss, married throe children. William Alli?on, eupcrin'cn Jont | West Newton, married, four children Daniel Alsop, mino bom, and thii teen miners. William McCuno was superintonJen of tho Port Royal district cotuprisin five mines. Ho was a largo Btcck holder in tho Pittsburg Coal Comran and his family lives in n handsoir. rosidenboon Vino 6trcet, West Newton William Allison was a cousin of Prcsi dent MoKinloy. | Early Wednesday mrming Ilarr; Bcvcridgo and two miners, three of rosouing party that wont to tho mine t bring out their mates who woro on tombed, were sent to tho McKeospir Hospital. Reveridgo had both hand broken and tho other two were badl; burned. At 9 04 A. M., Wednesday an in speotion party went in?o the min through tho shaft on tho Baltimor and Ohio sido of the Youghioghen River, itwasthoir purposo to pone irato as far as possible to locate th dead bodies, with hardly hope of find ing anyone alivo. Tho rescue party had been in th mine about an hour when the mulH-j report of another explosion was heard issuing from tho depths of tho shaft and a ruBh for tho oago was mado b tho men above, who thought that tlics rescuers had mot tho fato of thoso wh had gono before. A dozen mon volun A I i J ? - * muruu iu go uowd ana try and rcsou the party, but thoir 8t*rvioe9 were no required, an the signal to hoist the cag was given from tho bottom and when i reached the top throe ui.uons.siou _ ^ forms wero found hing on it. In "spcotor Callahan j/jre B:ss W MoFee, of tho Wiok Haven mines wore the most dangerously hurt of th party, and these men woro taken to th hotel nearby, where two physician worked with them almost an hour be foro they oould bo brought baok to life This last explosion, in tho minds c many, seems to settle tho fate of th entombed men, and all hope of gettin any of them out alivo has been abai doncd. Tho disaster occured about ti o'oloc Wednesday evening. An explosion wa heard by men at shaft No. 2 and sue denly a cloud of smoko burst from th mouth of tho shaft. A searching rarty, oompesed ( Superintendent William MoOuno an nine othors, went down shaft No. Nothing was heard of them and in a hour another rescuing force, headed b James Bailey and William William fire bosses, wero lot down the shaf They gropod their way about 2< feot when two explosions were heard 1 rapid succession. The shaft lamps i the hands of Bailoy and Williams wei blown fifty feet away, and they then selves wero thrown violently to th ground. They aroso to their feet an oalled for their comrades, but there wt no answer. Both men hurried back \ the shaft and were taken up in tho cagi From that momont until 1? til A. > not another soul went dowT tho shaf as it would have meant certain deai from the after damp. The part that went in this uiornii was composed of Mine Inspector Bo nard Callahan, General Saporintendci .John Rose, Fire Boss William McFo Fire Boss Daniel MoCullouvh, Fire Bo Peter McLicdon and Pit Buh9 Kobe McKinncy. All but Callahan v'p brought from tho various mines of t! Pittsburg Coal Company. I wk- u .. 1? 1 i 1 i - i x iiu j ui i n \j y n i iniuu mhm niwbyh ;JC< considered dangerous. Tliero was similar explosion in the mino aovi years ago, by which one man was killc The use of safety lamps had he mado espcoially imperative in the mines by tho district inspector, owi to tho great danger that was known exist, but careless miners sometim use open lights, because they can s better to mine by them and this hel them to mako a bigger day's wag< Thin is what probably causod tho c plosion, but the inquiry which will f( low may develop a diffcront oauso. Minister Sent To Jail. The ltcv. William Wado, the Velpi Ind., minister who was arrested eoi timo ago on ohargo of oonntcrfeiti and who has held revival services tho jail almost nightly since his inci ocration, was found guilty by a fode: court jury and sentenced to one yc in nriann and In nun u linn nf II III Ifo denied on tho stand that ho ko< thu money ho had was counterfeit a when asked if he had anything to e why sentonoo should not bo parsed i on him icplied: "1 thank God ll 1 havo had tho courago to tell t tiuth throughout this trial. 1 ami tiroly innocont of this oharite." Given Knock Out Drops. Commander Jf. F. Tiller, of t United States navy was given kne out dorps at San Franciso Friday nif robbed and was loft insonsiblo by t thugs this morning. Commander Til! is governor of tho island Tututla ! man. h ___________ A Dad Hlip. A Colorado editor has been oompi ed to apologize to Miss Tampioo 1'ruc because his proof readora pcrmittod to go in as Tapioca l'uddin'. An c tor never knows whoro troublo is goi to rise next. * A WPMAN MURDERED And Her Body Shipped in a Trunk by Express. Tbo mystery concerning tho disap pcaraooo from Boston of Margarot Blondin, wife of J. W. Blondin, ro mains unsolved, llor headless body was found near Chelmsford. Mass., and identified by her sister. The hoad was * hidden nearby. Tho theory has boon that tho husbard ooinmittcd tho murder in a fit of jealousy. Friday it was intimated by tho polico that the orimc was committed in the tirocn street house in Boston, whore tho oouplo boarded, and that the woman's remain's wore soot k away in a trunk. This theory was given weight by an iDtcrviow between ;r tho police inspectors and Mrs. Mary llannigan, tho landlady, the latter say0 ing that on Saturday, April 27lh, the ^ daytf Mrs B1 mdinV disappearance, h'ne was sitting in tho front ha'l just 1 beforo 1 o'clock when Mro Blondin # came in and a.-.ked what time it wai. e Oa being told she txoinimod: ''My hus d land will k'il me," and ran upstairs to hf>r r<V?m rFh?* ljiiakin/l imm ilirtfnlw , entored and demanded lhat Mrs Han nigan tell him how hie wife spent trie , day. Upon boiog told taat ?h \ spent the day quietly he rushed up stairs as . if in a furious temper, pushed tho room . door opr-n and closed it. violently. Tno - landly heard autry talk ard the fall of a body. Ten minutes later Blondin t csino out wearing bis best c'othcs lie g lockod tho door not only by the ord'n ; ary fastening but with a padlock whioh y he had attached that morning, c Mrs. llannigau wont up stairs, but i. got no rosponso from tho room. She i- thought that tho woman was ashamrd to ta'k aftor what had taken p'aco. y Blondin returned the following I'ucsa day. During the interval Mrs. Hi oni0 gau tried to g:t word from Mrs Bloni din. t Whon Blondin returned ho looked s haggard. Ho went to his room, re y maincd there an hour and whon ho left in a hurry he doubly looked tho door." In half an hour ho returned with an e expressman, explaining to Mrs. Ilannic gan that he had accepted a position on y a government boat in Canada and that 1 he was going to Montreal. c "Where is your wife?" asked Mrs. [ Idannigan. Blondin muttered romothing whioh o tho landlady could not oatoli. in reply d to numerous queries, Mrs. llannigan , was given to understand that Mrs. ., Blondin was at the depot waiting for y her husband. e "I cannot understand what you havo o kept her locked in her room bo long i- for," continued Mrs. llannigan. e "Is she going with you?" asked the t woman. e "Yes, she is at tho dojot now," rot plied Bto din. s Around tho trunks whioh the exnrnssrr.an took twtv ?nrn Viravv loalto* . bauds. i, Thon B.ondin left tho liouso and tho e landlady did nit 6C0 hiai agaiu. Tho c j olico learn that a trunk similar to the b ono described was shipped toClcmsfoid i- on tho night of April 30. i. Blondin disappeared a week ago and if is now believed to bo near Montreal, o 8 No Third Term for Him. Bicsidont MoKialoy last week ank nounood that he would not acocpt a nomination for a third term in the fol^ lowing Btatomout: "I regret lhat the suggestion of a third term has boon 0 made. I doubt whether Ian calicd . upon to give it notioo. But tliero are ^ now <iuc8'.ions of the gravest importance , before tho Administration and the *n oauntry and their just consideration should not be prejudiced in tho public J mind by even tho suspioion of the thought of a third torin. In view, ((\ tboreforo, of tho reiteration of tho sugn gestion of it, I will say now, onoc for Q all, expressing a long settled conviction, re that I not only am not, mid will not bo, a candidato for a third term, but would i; not aocept a nomination for it if it were i(j tendered me. My only ambition is to 6crvo throughout iny hecond term to [o tho acceptance of my countrymen, Q wheso gorcrous confidence 1 so deeply l' appreciate, aud then, with them, do t' my duty in tho ranks of private oitizrnship." YV llliaui McKinley. A u Kyo ti> Business. "Now, if you will show nie where nt tho t urglars g ?t into your shop," i aid tho doteo'.ivo, "I will sco if I can find fl!^ a olew." "In a moment," said the pro r( prietor, acoording to Answers. "I am r " working at something a little more im 1 portant than hunting for a clow just ? now." And while the detoetivo waned tho merchant wrote as follows at his d-.:sk. "Tho burglar who broke into Katzonheftor's s! op on tho night of tho lf>ih and carried away a si!k hat, a pair of French calfskin boots, afur trimmed H0 ovorooat. a black broadcloth suit and two suits of silk uLderwarc was a blackly hearted villian and scoundrel, but a man whore judgment osnnot bo called ep into question, lie knew where to go when ho wanted tho tinest clothing tho m?rki>t iffnrili " " Iia oaid l.i tho bookocper, 1 send a copy of this to all the papers and tell 'em 1 want it printed in big black typo, to occupy half a column, tomorrow morning. Now, Mr Ilsxkshaw, I am at your service.' Forest Destruction, ng The ilalcigh News and Obscrvoi in brings forward further testimony tc ar- prove tho disastrous results of ft reel ral destruction. It says: "Mr. W. K tar Myers, of the geological survey, payi )U tho secret of tho bad clleot of tho re.' ew oont fliodtiiu Western North Carolina nd iios in tho deforestation of tho inoun ay tain section. Tho country is being ip- stripped ol trees, and Mr. Myers say: tat thai the outtingaway of the tirnbor if he ontirely respotsiblo for tho soriou 2n- flood. The actual daiuago exoctdct $500,000. Tho A.pp%laohaiu Korost l'ro servo association was organized nom too soon, and tho esta diHhmeru of ttu "0 park ought to bo pressed whonojDgros o* meets in Deoomhor." wo Break llim in (iradually. Icy It is said that Sonator Dopow intend So- to mako a newspaper man out of hi uon in an nuiftli rn^n?>u r? tli* bu-uacfH. Tho senator should not j.usl tho young man to tho highoHt point o jIJ. wealth-getting jasl at fir-?t; lot him tak [pn Mr. Schwab a piaoe as hoaa of tbostoc I it trust at #800,000 a year, for a while, a (ij. as to gradually break him in to tho wan |nK aivo fortuno his nowapapcr onterpris will yiold. ? FIGHTING FEVER In Italy Dy Spreading Nets to Kaep Out the Plagur, THE DEADLY MOSQUITO. The Wordeitul Ducov?ri.-s of Drs Boss, Rttori, Lavf?ran, Bignam', Bastlanelli and Qratsi. A dispatch from ltomo says a b'.rango land to bcg is tho Roman Campagna nowadays. Since it has boon dotcrmined that this famous territory has bren the spreader of tho ourso of the world, ma Una, for so many centuries, entirely tcjauso of tho mosquitoes with which . it is infested, a vaso quarantine has been declared against t'ao bloodthirsty insects. Tho cctira Campagna is wrapped in nftt'nu - '"P't This is done not raoroly beoauso the 1 inhabitants want to do it, but becauso tho Government has forced many to do it, by edict. Thov are not petuii t?'d i to sleep except under mosquito netting; i may not labor in the tiolds exoe.pt with i netted headdresses and gaun lets to protoct their arms a'-d hands; every i aperture of their housos, even tho ! chimneys, must bo oovorcd witli metal- i lio netting. < ThoBO la vs have a double end First I they arc designed to protect tho individual themselves and save tbcm from getting the tuaaria through tho bites of the mosquitoes; eoaondly, th laws a?ro enforced beoauio it is held that every individual that gets tho discaso is a walking souroo of propagation of the scourgo and that any law that will protect nis ncignbors is just: liable. Thoso who buffer from tho disease already arc not privileged. Thoy must dwell under netting like tho others, and, in addition, the Siato is putting them through a rigorous course of treat mcnt for the complaint, dosing them with doooctoirs of Peruvian bark, iron, arsenic and other spooifios. In tho Canpagnu now folks i hut thcmielvos up in their mosquito-proof houses at sundown, and thoy do not stir abroad after that exirp*. on urgent, business, and then only thoroughly oovorcd, with veils and gloves. Tho rigorous obsorvanoo of thoso rules is necessary, lljadra of tho Sunday Press will remember the article in an issuo some months ago, in which this terrible Koman (Jaiupigna was described as a land of almost sure death,whoro tho laborers orawlcd around like yellow corpses and whore hardly any iuhaMi.aut uoulu ir j.o to escape tho plague of malaria. Sooner or la'.cr it was bound to catch him and kill hitu or leave hiiu a wreck for the rest of his wrctcloi life. It is a quoor oxporionco to travol over the railroads that run through the quarantined districts now. There is not a peep hole in ears, waiting rooms, signal towers or flag stations that is loft uncovered. Tho tiigmon, tho conductors and brakemen, the station mastors and tho baggage smashers all arc veiled and have their arms in gauntlets that reach to the elbows. All along tho lino of the road you seo ounous mutllad tiguros ploughing and following oihor agricultural pursuits, attired as if for parposoof disguise. Your fellow passengers aro bo hidden behind their voils that you cannot for the life of you b:c a single facci. Kven tho oxen in somo of the tiold3 arc Hwathcd in tho stuff, ani thoy look odd enough as they ntalk along majestioal ly with yards and yards of gauze netting hanging on thcin. It makes one think of tha old fashioned parlors in Now Kngland farm houses in fly time, whon the furniture was covered awful ly and mysteriously with the same kind of gauze Kmployoes of t ho railroad aro watched carefully to see that thoy do not violate any of the sanitary lules Officials examine each laborer and warn him to take care that ho is properly veiled. T c doort> of all waiting rooms aro protooted with double doors, which close alternately and automatically. It is laid on the inhabitants of the Jampagna everywhere to be vigilant to a painful djgrco. They are asked, whenever even a single mosquito manages to penetrate into their houses, to drop all other occupations, whatever ihoy may he, and not to rost until they have killed the wicked thing. It may have in its s'ing the death of ? part or even all of the household. To make the destruction of a mosquito interloper more easy every bit of wall in every part of the railroad properties is painted a dead white. Tho discovery that it is the mosqui to that transmits malaria, and tho nubsequent discoveries due to the experi ments of Dr. Roes and others, and the tests carried on in tho Raman Cam pawna tint announced to tho public in tho Sunday Press from timo to timo. Tho diacovory is of world wido iiupor tance, but in Italy, the classic land of Itika 1 1-.:- til 1 " -- inn uiainiin uid.'Ai lii, IJ All AIT, AS tho word's dorivation inaorrsotly suggests? it amounts to a national "find." In tho 8,'J 17 communes of tho King doui malaria takes hoivey annual tri buto Irom 3,838, Every year - 000000 working people, chiefly agriaultural, aro attacked by tho periodic fevers, indocd, tho malaria of their nativo land is one of tho principal causes of tho enormous emigration of Italians. Up to yostcrday, almost, it had been imagined?from tho oarliost times? that the paludel, or marsh fever, win duo to poisonous ga?os arising from swamp ground from the decomposition of organic matter. Tho oolcbrated l>r 0 lUsori, having oonceivoi tho proabiln iiy of a parasittio origin for it, the idoa rapidly gainod ground. All over the world, in Europe, North and South America, Africa and India, scientific s medical men began investigations, of s which tho readers of tho i'ress got t news from rime to timo. Eranoo claims h that Dr. liftveran, until recently a prof feasor at Van do-graoo, was tho tirst. c in 1880, to find in tho blotd of malarial 1 patients traces of a parasito whioh ho o called tho hematoa lairo of marsh fovor. i- In 1881 Dr. Manson demonstrated o that tho common mosquito (who had boon suspootcd all along; ioooulatod peoplo with atill another parasite, tb filariB, which at the moment of h: biting entered into tho blood of mar This faot inado everything clear. Th tn vqaito must carry tho malaria aboc with him. Nevorthloss, fifteen ycat pacscd without anything boing dono t take praotical advantago of this theory Dr. ltoss, tLe Indian army surgaoi discovered in 1898 that ruotquitot developed in thoir bodieB the pretocz^ mc liibbo, a psrasito which ho showe oauscd malarial fever in birds bitte by them. So tho connection wasfixoc It only remained to discover tho actio of tho anepholo mosquito as tho vebiol of human malaria, and this is due pari ly to Dr. Ross and partly to Dr. Grassi professor o? zoology at Homo. For ten years past Dr. Grasni ha ben pursuing bis experiments on thi r>ir:-.omar sppoiab of mosquito, whei the data of Dr. Ross suggested to hiu tho ulterior researches whioh ende ii tho decisive retu't. In Octobei 1803, mi"ed by l>rs. Bignami and Ba; nanelii, bo acquired tho oertainty tb? the mosquito who carried tho rna'ari; pot en was indeed the anophclo. I'h parasitic germs which ho carries i h.tn cmuot live when they pass iut birds or domoBtic animals, but the; live and develop luxuriantly in th b'ood of man, whioh has tho unluek qua I'.y of po strengthening and mul i plying thrm that they not only infoc htrn with malaria, but oausj hitn, i turn, to infect others. It is ^lie foniah aaophelo only which is dangerous. Th tua'o docs r.ot bito. Tho conclusive experiments wer made in a hospital hall of tho Sant 8pirilo, at Homo, cn a dez?n individt sis in good health and of philanthropi iisposition, who allowed themselves t he bi.tenby mosquitoes froun malariou districts. Dr Grassi rapidly obtained confirms tioa of tho other important fact, tha the mosquitoes themselves oftenest be sumo infected by absorbing the blood c \ person sick with malaria. The re globules of tho blood of Huoh person sontain parasites quite distinct froE thoso causing any other contagion malady. Tlioro arc of tho olass of pre tczjoros, that is to say unicollula yrganisims, who obtain thoir organs o reproduction only after a singula honey moon trip to the stomaoh of th inophclo mosquitoes. It is thero tha tho sexual distinction of thoso germ souimenoes; that is to say, thoir rcprc luotion and development. Sometime their number oxoeods 10,000 in ono in iividual body. According to olimati sonditions they arrive at maturity i'owl jr rapidly. Then tho oapsulo whioh coc Laius them breaks; thoy flow into th irisoerc of the anophclo, thonoo into th salivary glands and thonoe to tho bit sf the insect. The mosquito, when h bites or prioks us, inoculates into th wound a tiny quantity of this saliv anntaininir Ihn onrma A n.l ?j 1>? <1?.. iot got rid of hid poisonous provision i ir>v ?in?)r> hi to. thn R**no mn.nnitn intcot several persons, ono alter in ilher. in a siglc night. Oae bioglo bit is sufficient to provoko a beautiful cas jt malaria which may last a man a lif limo or carry him to tho grave in fou days. When man is thus bitten and infcol el the rod globules of his blood ooir ruoiico to altor, after about twolvo d&yi It is at this moment that the feveris symptoms of chills and flushes begin t show themselves. These fevers ar slight or strong, long or short, aooorc ing to tho malignity of tho individui parasites with which he happens to fc inoculated, and according to the seaso in which ho contracted the infeotior In the spring they aro lighter than i summer or autumn. They generall reappear each succeeding year. Di Mansoo took with him to London quantity of infected mosquitoes, whio 1.0 caused 10 bite his son, who had nev< been outside of England in hislifo 11 nevertheless developed a tpyical attac of intermittent fever. Malaria, thorcforo, is a malady whot contagious character manifests itse uniquely in places where thero aro an* phclo mosquitoes aud duriDg tho wan season. Vegetation, temperaturi stagnant waters and marshy groun combino powerfully to spread tho evi In causo they mako conditions favorabl for the porpagation of both mosquil and germ. Hut thcro aro looalitieshkc Eocstum?which have become onl recently infected; aad it is olear thi ma.aria may bo either brought into neighborhood or stamped out of i Homo rc mains for eotoo reason free fro malaria, though surrounded by an ii fec cd zono of the worst kind. Tf stamping out of malaria, which hi been accomplished in tho towns < Motaponta and Sibaria, has beoomo tl great hygiontio work of Italy. Ever ihiug demonstrates that tho disease not caused by any conditions of ' bi air," as its name orignally indiolate In 1899 Dr Colli began his oxpet tn>-nt on the railway employees of tl K tuiau Campagna in search of a pr venlivo regirno. Mc chooso two poin kn wn to be the most classically mal rial, Crrvara and I'ontegalora. Tho ? /c.icnments interested i li j whole scio tifio world. The eel bratod I)r. Koi came to follow than and tho Knglii Government sent a commission whi< installed it so'.t ai Ostta Similar experiments wore began tho infootod zono of tho province Salerno hy Dr. Grassi .Ho establish his <|uartior gcDoralo at tho railw stations of Albanoila and St. Nice Vatco, on tho NapUfl lloggio Catabi I line, in the midst of a desolate, mud I oountrysido, inhabited only by troo of domestic butla'.oes. They were successful that they havo been oc tinuod each summer sinoo, and t present year will boo a groat cxtccsi of tho work. Lieut. Loo filled. Colonol Klioe, of tho Twonty-fi Infantrv. ronnrts thai fnrtv mnn w were hunting for rifles in the vicini of Li pa Uatacgas, wcro attacked b] band of robola. Lieut. Springer, tho Twooty-first Infantry; Liei Walter L30, of tho engineers and t men wore killod. Captain Wilhelm v seriously and Lieut. Ramsey sligh wounded. Throe men were also woui od. Lieut. Lee of crops of onginoe was the youngost cflicor in this bran of servioo. Ho was born in Nashi N. C., and was appointod from tl State. 11c graduatod at tho Militi Academy in 1900 and wan assigned tho crops of ongiooors. lie wat? ord od to Manila in March last and arris thore on April IS. Ho was killod d ing his first month of aotiTO sorvioo ? 12 WERE SLIGHTED. ?. o it Philadelphia Merchants Have a o Thus Trfa'sd the Visitors to 7. I, b INDUSTRIAL CONVENTION. > d n The Delegates L<*U to Hustle n for Themselves. The e t- Object cf the Visit Badly Hurtd s Tho Sou'horn Industrial Association s met in Philadelphia on Monday of last j work. Ih'Icgatos wcro in attcmianeo from all parts of tho South. South i uaronna was represented by the followit inn gentlemen: C VV. Killook, John F. Kioken, J. (1. Hemphill, James M. p Seignious, W. If. Whalcy, 1' (.}. Han* n han, A (J. Kaufman and C}. Ffisacll 0 Jenkins, all of Charleston; J )hn If. y Cleveland, Dr. Jjes? F. Cl? veland, c Tbos. K Mooro and W. K Ifurnett, y of Spartanburg; Sol Kohn, Orangoburg; 1 C. S. McCall, lfonnctt-vilie; Charles >t II. Kiober, Kdgcfiold; I). Iv N >rris, Q Andvrs'.n; A. If. 0<rpcater, Greenville; c W. h Durst, Greenwood. c Jnopening the convention on Wednesday morning President llartgrovc of o Sbrovuport Da. said: 0 The business mm of the ciiy have 1 negleoted tbo ct nvontion and the dcleo gates composed of men who came here 0 from places as far distant as Amtin, 3 Texas, with the understanding that tho business nen of the city would attend 1 their sessions, take an interest in ,t what they had to say and escort them through their establishments and do tf the many other graceful things that d iovitc confidence, content friendship s and build up trade, arc displeased at n tho failure ot tho merchants and manu,5 facurcrs to keep the promises made. ?. Tuesday there was a fair audience r but Wednesday morning there wcro not r more th*n a d^zji: lMiila* clpbia busi,r ncss mon present at the opening of tho e session and they wore for tho most part it men who wcro required to bo thore own ing to their Borvioes on committees. ?. The first trouble developed at Tuos9 day overling's session when Robert C. - Ogdcn, of Philadelphia, spoke on o ''Popular education, the power of ioy dustrial progress." Tho delegates took l- umbrage at this reference to thi poor, o illiterate whito women of tho South, e whom, ho stated, required education e as much, if not more, than tho Noo gTP. o \rho threatened discussion was pro a vexued by President II. LI. Ilargrave, s vv-j) Siid that Ogden must bo inisino fo*;ed. At the morning's session, v hiM. -v??r, Mr. llaryrnvo whn h*''" e irfcn snrevopon, Da., and is editor o olAho Now Orleans i'icayunc, got back o alOgdca in a speech, whioh reiljcted e severely on Philadelphia. ,r J'Fdr tho first timo," he said to tho 40'pcrdons present, "I fool misgivings as to tho success of this convention. J. "Thero was a good start made, 1 ut 5 I fear a bad ending. We of tho South jj are familiar with New York., Lfaltiuoro 0 and lfostoc, but know nothing of Phile adolphia. [. "Why, wo never see a traveling mac from Pbi'adelphia in tho South. Wo 10 know nothing of your goods. Wo mako no attempt to got your business. Send , your commercial agents down so that n real commerce may grow up. y ' That would bo better than talking r so much and doing nothing. I see lew Pniladelphians hero this morning Mju.t o? t-- v.-ii JI II *1BI UVfT 1HUUP t?4U 1U IU U iliftll (tie uu*? ,r arrivals from the South." ? The general opinion is that the basili ncus ol ttic city with the South will materially sutl-r through the lack of oourtesy that has been shown the men j, who o&me hero with the expectation that the city would extend to them ^ open arms; that they will be treated 8 kindly, their appeals for capital to doj velop their industries listened to with I interest and ctfjrisbo made to secure J the investment of money to foster their natural resources. _ Not oven the reception that was I ionedcred the delegates by the Mayor * Tuesday night did tt c business men of the city cousider that it was worth f whilo to attend. There woro scarcciy tu moro than a score ot Philadelphia men ^ tin re and the reception was a dull, )0 flit affair t'iai did moro harm than good to tho repulsion of the city for warm hearted host itality. _iC Tho aitornoon session was devoted to rotdmg ot papers dealing with tho js manufacture oi cotton in the South ^ At tno evening session tho Chinese ^ Mini-tor V\ u Ting Fang spoke on ,j* American trade with tho Orient, ho THE NICAltAOITA CANAL o- Tlio dncusion of tlie Nicaragua cits nal was opened by Hon. Sjwcll Cobb, a- of I'ensaoola, Fia 11 > said in part: so "Five hundte 1 and fifty millions of n people of tho tar east, for half a con ch tury, have oi.treated in to open a highsh way through ttin narrow strip of land sh that connects tho two great conliccnts of Amorica, but wo have had at tho in holm of tho ship of state men of liuiitof ci maritime information and a deaf oar od has been turned to their requestsay Whori rmr liulitirv armc ormcrhl nnnnr. 'I* tUDity for promotion (in rank) our cffi r>R cials rushed to a conflict witli a poopto Jy less than 10.000,000 iu population and P? already have expended in tho effort to 80 inooulatn them with "honevolent as,n" smilation" upwards of $.100,000,000 and oountloss lives. This money exon ponded in tho otlior process 'commercial assimilation' wauld liavo constructed the Nicaragua canal and established lines of stdtemships numbering not Ichb rRt than 100, each of f>,000 tons capacity, ho carrying our o?n produots. jty "Tho twentieth oontury calls for hu a man advancement. We of tho south 0f learned at tho oloso of tho war that if we would develop our rosourcos tho wo military arm must bo subservient to yan tho civil authority, tly ''The Clayton lialwor treaty is only 1(1. a protoxt for delay. Wo cannot oonrH oodo tho right of any nation to diotato oh either locality or manner of oooupation Jftt to those whoso mutual interest doiat maud a work freo from entangling alarv lianoos. Costa Kioo, Nicaragua and tho to llnitod States of America are com patent or- to dooido what is best for thoir interrod OBtfi." ur- Georgo II. Anderson, of Pittsburg, spoke brieffy on tho subjoct, oxprosa .A ing tho opii i id (hat J c United States oaa build an isthmian canal without the help cf E lgland or any ollior nation. Tho Suck canal. he said, is a great boon to British comaicroo and he sb sorted that this oountry needs a short and csonoinio course by whioh to send its; products to tho Pacific coast and thenoo to the markets the world. W. II. Cavanagh, or St. Louib ma lo a brief address and tho diieussion was oloscd by Waltor U. Stevens, of St. Louis, who speko on the coining St. Louis exposition. A Grand Old Man. Tho Colu i.bia Stato says tho ancounocmcnt that Dr. Carlisle will continue to serve another year as president of Wefford college is good tews. Go d news not only to tho patrons and sup porters of Wofford, hut to every one in South Carolina who has Itoo oau*o of education at heart or who admirss and vfcuvn uuunivjr vji oiiarauver jva i iq telleot. When Dr. Carlisle a year ago exprosscd his desire to bo relieved of the heavy burdooB of this high office. The Stato iaid his place oouid cot bo tilled, that no successor o: uld be found who would nioasuro up to tho CarlUlo s'acdard. Hut f,r aoother year tho ooll.go is to havo tbo I cue (it of th's groat man's direction and Wotivrdis to bo coagratulaiod. Tho influence Dr. Carlisle has exerted in S,uih Carolina is in caicuiiblo. it extends far beyond the circle of theso who havo bcon ot'dcots at Wofford or who have. oeuie in persona! oectaot with hia . It is 101 oen flood to tho Methodist denominat od, but touches thotc of all oreods and uo creeds. He is rcvored by many who havo never soon hitn. Such a luan can ill bo spared in any position." Tho Value of Knowledge. It ha; v "n well said that tnero is a! vays wo ' f?>r tho ' man who kuuws." Not i hs i'.' - ho thinks ho knows it all, but the man v^ho has full knowrdgo in any oirgi- ti ot industry. Here is an item, Die going tho rounds of tho press that o lgioated somewhere in North Carolina. A man in westoru North Carolina was selling btandiDg timber?walnut trots Tho man who was buying caino to one very handsome troo. Ho told the owner he would pay a? much as $50 lor that troo. This ex oited the owner. Ho did not ecll, but sent for experts. Tho owner got $1,500 for the tree (curb d walnut) as it stood. Tho man who cut it clown realized $3 000 for it on the cars, it was shipped to New York and veneered ono sixth to hall an inch. Tho sales were watohod and estimated as tho best that oouid be done, aui when all was disposed of it turned out that tho tree brought $50,00. To llang for Burglary. In tho Supremo Court at Aebevillo, N. C., last week Hush Gates and Frank Johnson, white, and Wou Foster, Harry Foster and Harry Mills, colored, ncis uiu. bu..tji ci ft. iilB first dogrco. Under North Carolina law tho penalty for burglary is death. All fivo men will be sentenced to be handed hfifore ihn Mrm of (\inrf ?nde Oa tho Utb of February thcao men en tored tho store and postifhee at Emma, two milos from Asbovillo, and, holding pistols on Samuel Alexander, opened a safe and began to rifle it. Alexander watohed for an opportunity, and when tho burglars' attention was diverted grabbed a pistol and opened tire, seriously woundiDg two of the men and receiving almost fatal wounds himself. Tho burglars fled, but wore captured. Postmaster Geueral Smith wrote Alexander a personal letter commending his bravory. liutlesliip Illinois. The United States battleship) Illinois, built by the Newport News Shipbuilding company aad Dry Dook company, was given her official trial over tho government course from Capo Ann to | Hood island 1 hursday. 'i he vesnel left tho upper harbor whero she had been anchored sinoo her arrival here on iMon day, soon after 8 o'clock, and made her way slowly toward Gloucester. Ail Ciindiitot.s weie perfcOv lor a Buacesst'Kl tost of tho big vessel. Tho sky was clear and bright, and warm sunshine bathci the battleship as she pressed hor way toward Cape Ann. A light breeze troui tho northwest oooled the heat of a Summer day and gave a clear atmosphere. Tho ethical course over which (lie Illinois is to fulflil her con trect, liiuit -ustaiu a tpeed of It) knots, in length, to dc ooverca twice. Govern aient vessels were stationed to mark tne oourso. Epidemic of Suicides. An epidemic of suicides in Kurparia, Kansas, cu.unnatiag Wednesday in three attempts, all exactly similar to recent successful suicides, oaused tho mayor and board of health to day to forbid publication of d'lails of suicide or attempts in 1 jo&l pap?crs. Tho board is acting on tho theory that publication spreads the c tniagion of nuiuido by psyoUto inrge?Uc!i day -r Morso contends that the liberty of too press is second ary to tho public health and is jreparcd to use force, if ncoe-sary, under the Nuisanco Act. All the editors, howovor, have agreed to suppress dcta'ls of suio.des or attempts until the epidemic abates. Tho epidemic began with tho suicido of Charles Cross, president of a wrecked bank, acd in the last thirty days thi ro have boon seven oases, thrco of which wero t-uccossful. An Apology. "Woowo our readorH ao apology," says tho Bowersviilo Md. Clarion, "for failing to appear on time this week. But the fostivo goat belonging to our genial livorymtn, Patrick Casey, got into our prtsaroom Tucsiay night, after oar ontiro edition had been printed, and ato the papers ail up. Consequently the entire rosouroos of our euitorial and mcohanical forjes havo hooD oalled into play in a strenuous effort to got out another edition to roplace tho ono that wasoaton. While wo admiro tho literary taste of the aforosaid goat, wo shall hereafter kocp tho pressroom locked." Four Men Drowned. Tho sahooncr C*%r, bound to Libra dor, with tishormeu and their familtos 70 persons altogether, was drivon ashor< ori Cabot island, on tho north ooast o Now Foundland in a fog and galo Sun day night. Four men woro drownet and six others woro injured, but thi women and childron woro all landei safely. MORE TRUSTS FORMINGPlows. Shovels, Matches and Pianoi the Latest to be Merged. Tho formation of great trusta proceeds spaoo, and hardly a day passes but what the announcement in uiado ol oomb<nalious of manufaiturera of arti* oles of absolute hutnau ncotsity. Pretty muok every thing a man eata or wears or tools ho usea in his trade, and oven tho coffin ho is buried in is subject so far as price is concerned, to tho regulations of trusts and thn ?>n<t nf it all ia ?nl jot in Bight. Among some of the latest trusts to bo formed arc tho following: An official of the Diamond Match company says that a consolidation of tho Kagiish brai ch with tho Bryant A May company would bo affected Boon. O. C. Barber, prcs'dont of tho Diamond Matoh company, and several managere and C. 11. Palm.r arc now in England cloning the negotiations for tho consolidation. and it is snnouooed that Charles Baird, its attorney will leavo within toe days on tho same mission. The Bryant A May oompaay had a complete mo uopoly of tho match business in Kng land until tho Diamond Match ooinpa ny built its Liverpool factory a lot* years ago. Since then tho two have di vided tho busioess of the United king dom. The Diamond Match company ol America owns 51 per oent. of th< Kuglisn corporation, so that tho consoli elation will be of great benefit to th< former company. A ocuibioaaon of tho piano mann fajiurcrs, embracing tho entire outpui of the country, is in process of organi anion. Mate A. Blumenborg, editoi of tho Musical Courier, of Now York, ii in tho city promoting tho Bohomo. Il< says that iho purpose of the combine 11 to rodu:o the telling expenses, whiel are now $'i 5 for every piano made, lit Bays that ?h.le tho combination will cu off a number of hangers-on of tho trade it ^ili materially benefit tho workmet in the factories. Where some factoriei shut down a large part of tho year bo eause of lack of capital to accumulate block, the combination arrangomcni would furnish funds to keep them run ning, thus benefiting all concerned, lit will endeavor to interest Cinoinnat: manufacturers in tho scheme, and sayi that nearly all of tlio large faotorioi have tho matter under consideration. Negotiations whereby twenty or mor< of tho leading plow manutauturing firuiB of tho middle West will form i trust with a capital of about $70,000, 000 have been practioally completed ii Chicago. The oompany will be finano od by the United States Mortgage com pany, of New k'oik, whioh will obtaii the money from tho Mutual Lifo ant tho K pjiiablo Lifo lnouranoe com panics. Tho headquarters will be ii Chioago. Sixteen of tho largest manufactur ers ol' shovels in tho United States art forming the shovoi trust of which manj UaTfDg, oTOoawV wKo waS one of till organia.>ra American Slcol Wiro com pany, is engineering tho deal for them Tlio capital of the corporation will b< about $10,000,000, and a Jerso] charter will bo eecurcd. The paper have already bocu drawn up and al the western renuayivania xnanufao lurcrs have agreed to join. The Cleveland rivals of the Standart Oil company have given up the battl< against that concern and are combin ing to sell out their interests to thei: foe. The Standard Oil is to pay abou $1,000,000 for the whole of tho proper tics. Thoro are throe of tho concerns? Sohoficld, Shurmor & Gcaglo; th< Cleveland Refining company and thi Scio RetiniDg company. R. T. Wilson of New Vork, is credited with engineer ing tho deal, which extinguishes th< last spark of oouipotition with thi Standaru Oil company in Ohio. So tho list will be extended unti every oonoeivablo article of humai consumption or use, with tho exoep lion of air, will be in tho control o monopolies An Interesting Case. M. B. Carnell prosecuted Kmanue Ox-ndine, Jess Alexander and .Joff An derion, defendants, charged will cursing and using blasphemous language ou the highway. The case was tried a Spartanburg and the following particu lars of it we get from the Herald of tha city: 'i ho defendants were first mdictci before Magistrate Kirby and a motioi was made beloro him by defendant" attorney, John Gary Evans, to quasi the indictment on the grounds tha thcro was no effen-o charged in th wr.rrant. This motion was overrule by tne magistrate. Whereupon defer duals moved * r a change of vonut The case was transferred to Magistral MctJ jwan, before whom a similar mt lion to quash was in ado. Ilo dismisse the case, holding thai the point wa well taken. Tms happened last Satui day. I lie prosecutor on the same day wet bofore Magistrate Williams atConvor; and swore oui a warrant against tho d< fendants for the saino offense. The car was heard beforo Magistrate Willian in tho court house hero. Tho dofei dants attorney made the samo motion I quash tho indictment ih&t I10 had mac ocforo Magistrate Kirby andMo'Jowai Magistrate Williams overruled tt motion, thus agreeing with Magistral Kirby, and tho case went to trial on i merits. After hearing all the cvidoni and argument the defendants were four guilty, and each was sentcuooi to pay Gqo of $5, or servo fi?o days on tt jaunty otiaingang. Defendants atto ney gave notice o intention to appoa and tho caeo will bo oarried to tho hig ir courts. C. P. Sims, Ksq , reproson od tho prosecution. Bad Enough Either Way. i/ut in I'linnuuii ? ui?u ??uin n l vorce on tho grounds that his wifo d , ooived hint regaiding hor ago, but it to bo hoped he will bo nonsuited, It , no tuoro of a orimo for a woman to d , ooivo her intended regarding her a , than it is rogardiag hor beauty. Th , silly Missourin would rob mati mony of all tho clomonts of chance. Latham, Alexander & Co. of N< York, have issued a ootton acreage h - tor under dato of tho Hi. Tho 4,0 , loiters asking acroago estim*tos th have 2,lf?5 roplios of averago dato M f 21th. Upon those thoy base an estirui of an inaroaso of acreago over last ye 1 of 9.08 per oont. From all States th 0 havo reports of a lato orop an unprom 1 ing start. Tho avorago planting v about 17 days later than last year. FERRY BOAT SINKS J With One Thuaands People On 4 i Board of Her. 8EVERAL LIVES WERE LOST. j ? Many Boats Rushed to the Rescua and Savsd Hundreds of Lives. How It Happened- % The wooden side wheeler Northfield [ whioh has been in the service of the i Staton Island Ferry company plying 1 between New York and Jersey City ^ for the past 38 years, was rammed Fri, day night by tho steal hulled propellor ? Mauohohnnk, mod as a ferry boat by tho Central railroad of Now Jeraoy. . Tho oollision occurred just off the S aicn Island ferry slip at the foot of r Whitehall street and in less than ten minutes after tho Northfield, whioh was orowded with passeogers, sank at f tho outor end of the Spanish Lino pier j ia tho Kast rivor. The Mauohohnnk, whioh was badly damaged, landod the ) two dozen passengers who whore aboard of her. Over a hundred of the passen gers of the sunken Northfield wore t dragged out of tho wator by people aloug shore and crews of tho fleet of r river tugswhioh promptly responded to 3 tho forry boat's oall for help. A few 3 of tho Xorthfiold's passongora were hurt 3 ia the a jcident aud tho poiioe believe i that some lives wcro lost. CapL Dan- / 3 iol Gaily ot tho tugboat Mutual, who t saw tho ferry boats orash togother, W , says that immodiatoly aftor the ool- V i liuion botween 25 aod 30 of the pas i songors leapod into tho water and that J - many of those perished. Capt. Gully 3 a'.ho dcolaroH that he is suro over a hun- | t a red of tho N orthfiold's passengers wore drowned. Tho captains of other tug3 boats who woro early on tho scone, i however, are inclined to think that the 3 disaster was not so sorious as rogards 3 loss of life. Thus far no dead bodies have been rcoovorod. flfe 3 The reason for such a difference of ; opinion as to tho oztont of tho disaster v is that tho wildest uxoitoment provriled / . on tho Northfield. Tho tug Mu.ual 3 saved in all about 75 persons from tho t t-: * ? 1 ? ? ?-?* fcuu tu^a UUlty 1QU Arrow eavod botwoon them 150 peri sons. Two polioomen of tho Old dlip i itotion claim to have rosouod nearly 30 H people between them. As soon as the i crowd whieh had followed the sinking ferryboat along the river front were . able to rendor any aid they worked with > a will and in many instanoes men r sprang into the WA'or to ?**? mips- S H 3 wiu-olf siblo oircled around the Norai^^an^^^^^^m^MH mado a bridge to tho Spanish line pier 3 and men and women olambored over j the tugs to tho shoro. Tho swift run9 ning ilood tide and tho question of 1 which boat has the right of way was . tho causo of the disaster. Ci.pt. Abra- ^ ham Johnson was in ohargo of the 1 Ncrthfiold and Capt. S. C. Grffin was 3 in oommand of tho Mauohohunk. Eaon . lays tho blame for tho collision on the r other. t Tho Northfield, with a load of pas. sengers, variously estimated at be twecn 800 and 1,000 at 6.01 p. m. a started out of tho west slip at Whitej hall street for St. Gjorge, Staten t Island, and at 5.53 p. m. tho Mauoh. chunk left tho railroad slip at Commu; nipaw for Whitehall street. Tho later 3 oraft was abreast of the barge ofhoe at tho Battery whon the Northfield came 1 out of the slip. An exohango of i whistles between tho Doats was follow. ed by tho orash. Capt. Griffin apparI' cntly belioved that tho States Island ferryboat would be halted until ho had worked his boat into the upper slip, ana on the othor hand Capt. Johnson sup1 posed that he would be allowed to oross the Maunohohunk's bows. When the a accident appeared inevitable the spoea o of the Comuianipaw ferryboat was ret duocdcd as much as possible under the circumstances, but borae along by the t swiit running dood tido, head on, the Mauohohunk struck the Northfield on a mo starooard side at tho hood of the a forward ladies' cabin on the main deok. s The blow was a terrifio one and the b force of it wrocked the steering gear at ,t tho lorward end of the Mauoho chunk, to up about 10 feet of the main d dock, wrecked the deckhouse on tho i- port side and broko through tho deck i. rail and threw down the stanohions on e the forwaid part or the Central railroad >- boat. d As the bumping of ferryboats is not >s unusual in this harbor tho passengers r- on tho Northfiold did not for a minuto or so realize tho soriousnoss of the oollt lision. When, however, two firemen io ran upon deok to savo themselves from c- the inflow of water and the Northfiold io was boing driven full speed up the East is river instead of down towards Staten i- island and all tho time sohroeching for to holp thoy knew that somothing sorious lo had happonod. Then eommenoed the 0. panio which continued until tho Northle hold wont down. At no time was tho o Northfiold more than 500 foot out in the ts river boyond tho bulkhoad lino but the ? 3c tide was running with tho volocity of a id mill race and had tho vossel sunk out a in the stream only the tugs would have )0 boon ablo to givo assistance, r 1, Seriously Bitten by a Shad. k* William Duncan, aged 26 years, a lt_ Delawaro river fishorman, was bitten by a shad and is now in tho Dolawaro Hospital at WTilmington, Dol., sufforing i sovoroly. While hauling his not some ~ ton days ago ono of tho fish, which was j* partiou'arly vicious, se'zod his hand in j its mouth and inflioted a painful injury. Tho fish had fino teeth, whioh out the nonn. rne wound was rogardod as trivial. Now it is inflamod and swol Ion muoh largor than tho usual six", and sorious results aro foared. The injury is infootod with a poisonous mattor and tho outcome may bo blood st- poisoning. 00 oy Tho following is a romody that will ay ncvor fail to kill the potato hug: Tako kto four pounds of bluostono and five tar pounds of quiok limo; dissolve tho blueoy stono in about two gallons of water, is- slako tho limo in any vessel, add both ras to fifty gallons of wator, stir well, and I spray the plants freely.