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J?sf I CI IM.E SENATOR CROSSON'S [ ROAD BILL 0 1 r TO ESTABLI8H 1 STATE IIGBWATlc ENGINEER?AH IMPORTANT 1 MEASORE ' t (.Special to The Advocate. ) t Columbia. S. C., Jan. 26.?Sen- * ator D. M. Crosson of Lexington r has been selected the South Caro- ^ Una Good Roads association through t Mr. F. H. Hyatt, the president, to I introduce in the senate a bill pro- r viding the establishment of a State ^ Highway Engineer, to define his du- i' ties, to fix his salary, etc. s This is regarded as a very impor- c tant measure as there has been re- c cently a reawakened interest in the matter of public highways, and it is f no less important that the senator r from Lexington has been chosen to e perform this public service. The bill p which is of general interest to the c public, is given in full as follows: Section 1. There is hereby crea- v ted and established a State highway department, whose chief officer * shall be called the State highway ^ engineer. Said engineer shall be a competent civil engineer experienced and skilled in modern improved highway and highway bridge de- ^ sign, construction and maintenance, and shall be appointed by the governor within ten days after this act . takes effect. He shall hold office v for twc years unless or until remov- 1 ed for cause by the governor. He ^ shall receive an annual salary of $1,- a 950, and shall be allowed his actual necessary traveling and other ex- | penses incurred under the provis- j ions of this act. v Section 2. The state highway en- 1 gineer may appoint in his discretion g such assistant engineers, clerks and c other assistants as may be necessary t to the proper conduct of the work of the department upon approval by c the governor. He shall be furnish- a ed with suitable offices at the seat of government properly provided with all necessary furniture, equip- t ment and stationary, and he shall ' personally supervise all the work of jj the department. 1, Section 3. To provide funds for ii the purposes of this act, there is *' hereby appropriated annually three r thousand dollars. Any unexpend- h ed balance at the end of any year tl shall be added to the funds of the S next year. r Section 4.?The duties of the n State highway engineer shall be to ? furnish without charge on the request of county, township or town ii officers having authority over highways and bridges, plans and speci- ^ fications for improved highways, t. bridges and culverts. He shall give expe-t assistance and advice, on per- " taining to highway and bridge im provemcnr, ana assist in letting contracts for such improvements. In j, connection with the foregoing du- si ties, having first regard to these duties, he shall compile statistics re-1 ']ti lating to the public highways of the n state and make such investigations j 11 relating thereto as he shall deem ex ' 01 pedient, in order to secure more im- j? proved highways in the state. He shall also by means of maps, charts, !r drawings, prints, publications, print- f( ed and written articles, lectures or m otherwise disseminate knowledge M throughout the state concerning the '[ best known economical methods for 1,1 constructing and maintaining high ways and bridges, and particularly j t to impart such information to offic- j iaIs charged with the expenditure in of funds U6ed in the construction 1,1 and maintenance of public high- hl V J????????????? : Rei LACK RICES . RU1 !?????S???????: fays and blidges in the state. ' Said state highway engineer shall old each year under the auspices ] >f the county highway officials, a < neeting in each county for the open ' liscussion of questions relating to , milding and maintaining public i lighways and bridges. Section 5. The State highway en- ( ;ineer snail maKe an annual report i o the governor of the operations of s he state highway department. This ' eport shall show the number of niles, cost and character of the i >ublic highways of the State and j he progress of their improvement. \ de shall also make such recom- \ nendations for any highway legis- 1 ation which to him appears exped- ' ent and necessary. This report t hall be transmitted to the secretary 1 if state as soon after the first Tues- 1 lay of December as possible. . Section 6. County highway of- t icials throughout the state shall, on J equcst, furnish said state highway ? ngineer any information they may < >ossess and be required by him con- j erning highways in their charge. v Section 7. All acts in conflict /ith this act are hereby repealed. J Section 8. This shall go into efect immediatelv upon its approval iy the governor. C. M. Galloway. v g t POWDERBD MILK ^ Remarkable Invention is Credltad ' to a Swedish Chemist. Milk that can be carried about in a c muff box or u tabacco pouch, and that vllh the addition of a little water can < tot be distinguished front the article vhich is freshly yielded from the i ow, is one of the latest romances of iclence. This wonderful article is the inven ion of Dr. .M. Ekenberg, a Swedish ' heniist. who is now a resident oi 1 xmdon. and who demonstrated his ' uocess of dryitiK milk recently. The ( trocess can c tly be described us "dry ' ng" milk, for that is what it is in it.- 2 lmplest fornn The water which thr 5 nilk contains is extracted from it and ' he solid parts which remain ate re J need to a fine itowdcr. All that If 1 equlred to restore the powder to the ' oitdition of pure natural milk is toe * dd a quantity of water equivalent 1 0 that which has been extracted in * he process of solidification. 4 The essential part of Dr. Eken erg's machine is what is known as I he exsiccator. This consists of a steel runt revolving in a vacuum, which is J eated to the temperature of tho i uinan body. The milk is pumped I a to the machine at one end and par 1 [ally solidified before It reaches the 1 rum. The thick liquid is then ear J led over the drum, and by the time it as reached the side furthest front ' lie punip it is solid and is scraped * ff the drum by fixed knives. In the d hape of long, curling ribbons. These " ibltous breaks into fragments as they I1 ill into the receptacle placed to re- 1[ elve them, and they are afterward tilled to a fine powder. c The powder will keep indefinitely ti 1 tins, and it will keep for several u ays after the tin is opened. Another a dvanlHge of the process is that while, c ic drying kills all the harmful bar ria In milk, it does not destroy thr e n/ytnes or ferments which add so t inch to the food value of milk. v Carried a Live Skunk by the Tail. v Hot It of our hired men have often j1 misted that a live skunk could be itfely carried by tlie tail, insisting a lat they had often seen it done . ince the veracity of both men hap I'lls to lie u IikmIiit <>l v iimiiiMul iium lite \ father did not hesitate to mention ' ils fact in his writing. 11<* was once ailed down 1? ,?ev?ral naturalists, j 110 of them being Prof. Ilailey So il appcned the other morning, when I j night a skunk in a trap sot for rats \\ i front of n>y hen house. I at once iformed father that I had .1 skunk >r film and it was about time for Mm K y 1 put his theory in practice by taking Is own medicine, etc \\> all iiad ir misgivings, but were also secretly i lighted when he proved. In spite of ( Is 70 years, to he game. Hy means of a long pole the poor ^ iniik was dragged about and roughly B< eated o Make him good and mod 01 lien my father liberated him, bare W inded from the trap .seized him hy B s waving plumo-llke tall, and Jerked ni quickly inU) tiie air. There was " J ceivet ER=JJ RIGHT LAN nothing doing. Prof. Dailey. to the con- I i' irary notwithstanding. Whether or not the skunk could have discharged tils phosphorus-sulphurous essence annot he said; certainly he did not. \fter exhibiting an1 being cheered by [he spectators (who ail stood out of range) my father dropped the skunk in a barrel. Having often watched skunks dls harge their perfumery I am firmly convinced that no skunk, held in n:Jd iir by the tail, could shoot. This is ?(firmed by a good skunk story uhat he hired man tells, he being an eye vitness: "One night when we wore out 'coon luutiii' the dogs ran a skunk in t.hc vail. So and so pulled him out by Kn foil lw\1<lin9 hint 11 fi wltli onn .i*r m?.i, ...... ?.,? ...... ??v | lan-H. while he throw rooks at htm vlth the other. iTnlUokilv while feet nK for a stone lie lowered Mr. Skunk 10 that he got his front feet on the ,vh!I Qulcker'n lightning. I>ef<?re he bought. he toot soaked fair right In its oyxv He jusi rolled on the ground: t near blinded him." The nature fakirs often inltmae ihe ikunk, speaking of him as though his errtble odor were always present. It icing one of his external fixtures. In rntti there !s no neuter or cleaner mimal than a skunk or one with less >dor. Those who have very often dug >ut skunks in the winter time say hat their dons even when occupied ill winter h.v five or six skunks, is >dorlass. dry and clean.?Forest and it ream. "I rise with the sun." "Commendable habit." "Regular as a clock, you see. Hp vintei and summer at the same lour." "Not at all." "Rh?" :'i .-=ay not at all. The sun varies ts time of rising fully two hours hrougli the year " "Well. 1 declare! 1 never thought >f that." WHERE COLLARS DON'T WILT. Bummer in Mexico Seems Like Winter to a United States Visitor. "Yes. yes. this is summer, that ts, the Americans call it summer," said (he American resident to the loursts' as they slipped into light overcoats preparatory to leaving the opera louse after (tie play, "but of course i'Ou should understand that we do lot cull it summer bocause it is hot lete. You see, about the time of the feui when a dozen persons a day drop leud in New York we lieuin i nil t HuimiHM in Mexico Clt> .lust what he connection is has never been explained, but I am telling you the 'ftctB and leaving you to evolve the S heories for youreelf." * "1 see." said the tourists, as they ^ put on gloves and walked out * And so it is in truth. Summer in jt vlexico City is that season of the ' ear when the press despatches 5 printed on a cool sunshiny mottling 11 Mexico tell of prostrations from ient in the United Status says the ? (lexical) Herald While the overcoat feels very comor table In the early morning and an tour or so after the sun has gone ; !own in the evening it is not exactly ecesuaiy. One could get on without I. Those who wear overcoats usualf have light spring garments A heavy suit of clothes is always omfortable in Mexico and there is o good reason for not wearing heavy nderweai unless you do not like it, ud then yon can auit your other lothes to effect a proper balance. The laundryinan if he were foolish nough to have any literary lncllnalons could tell eloquently of how few illted collars he gets lti Mexico. Only a few days ago there was a ery Jolly dance at the Country club, M ud a feature of the evening was a irge roaring fire of logs In the spaIons fireplace at <me end of the hall, nd here the merrymakers gathered "> enjoy the warmth 'tween dances. There are snmn ai.?t.i. ?-- "" mvpiuvCO 111 lilU rlvute houses c?f Mexico and they hi re frequently used during the sum- pe ter early in the morning and dur- du ig the evening. mi Hut the cold is never extreme, nel- he Her In It accompanied by storms or ch Ind or heavy rains. Figures are ta ot very express!ve, but did vou ever ini et up and dress in a hurry because is ou felt better as you got more ap lothes on and yet did not suffer; re ten go down and eat a large break- fn ist, relishing such foods as ham or nu aeon and eggs, and walk briskly out : co Irking out the sunny side of the in< troet and feeling as if you would ; eoi ajoy running a block or two just to wi ork off excess energy? Well, that ch i the effect of summer In Mexico ! be Ity and It explains about as well us , pe le figures. j de d a Car A.CK MV rand TERMS D? Batesb s?e?????????????????????????$ iMMvamwv^L; v mw??ww^w . A QRl CARNIVAI OF This week we are taking stock 1908, and cutting prices on W interested in anything to weai ^ W7& lnfor-irJ _ .. v v IAU ?i v i A j UV/1 l\JL LU J5 VV CCP | Winter stock with the 1% Brc clothing and Pants Ladies' and Childr< In point of style workmanship and ... , . r . , Wc nave kept up cur sto< comprehensiveness of stocks we , , 1 . , , ment throughout th*. entire sidestep for no firm in or outside of ... , . the State. We have unflinchingly SpUmM.election to otfer. made up our minds to make a clean $20.00 Cloaks ?12 50. J r . . . 12.50 " <>.(> sweep of every vestige of this stock y t4 ^ ^ and have made Prices lower than you have ever known Clothing to sell Big" Reduction i for before. ~ w fcc/vw $15.00 Skirts $10.00. $ One lot Suits worth from $5.00 to 1U.UU 7,50. $6.50 goes at $3.89 6.50 " 4.75. J One lot is marked $8.25 and con- 3-50 ' 2.60. 1 2 00 M j gQ j sists of all $9.00 Suits is marked 6.25 , Inese skirts come in all the new and ' One lot is marked $8.25 and con- sacrificed only because we don't care to sists of all $10.00 and $12.50 Suits season. Another lot going at $10.75 is TTSr^Y^r TTof M well worth from $15.00 to $16.50. ^ H d t M All our $18.00 and $20.00 Suits NO MA I THR WHAT ,?;ii of ** * 5J.OO Hats $1.00 and $1.25 Pants $7 j.So Hats 1.50 1.75 1.28 2,(io Hats 2.00 " 2.50 " 1.87 l.5o and 1 25 Mats 3.25 3.50 2.65 |>o0 5.(X) " 6.00 " 3.50 I'nderweai Specials HEAVY. 1.00 Wrights Unde Drawers 2Sc Collates Talcum Powder 17c Soc Hcavy Heec(:tl y w. ? . , , ., . . dei shirts and Drawers 10c Perfumed ialcum Powder 5c _/k ? . ,, . , $1.50 Camels Han and 25c AmmensTalcum Powder aiu* 'j" A<1" $1.00 Genuine Scri\ guaranteed 19c ers 30c Boys Heavy Fit 15c Decorated Crepe Paper 10c aiKj Drawers $3.00 Lightweight V 15c Vaseline 10c and Drawers $1.00 Men's and Lad 15c Tooth Brushes 10 Union suits 50c Union Suits 6 cakes Fine Toilet Soap 15c 25c Children's UnionS 50c Ladies' Vest and I 35c Ladies' Vest and I WH1TTEN DRY G0< BATESBUEa, i ILDR EN AND SCHOOL LUNCHES are healthful, but " oranges are not ^J)0, . considered mi for luncheon, being a . if your children cannot return 1 breakfast fmlt. it is claimed that I me for noonday luncheon, let them apples cause headache, because child- ^ to a restaurant, or provide a good ren with weak stomachs eat apples stoma ncheon. Children with fickle ap- that contain an acid, which often j tites are more apt to play than eat causes violent spells <>t headache, jrac-kc iring the noontime, then cat Kki Again, children who have good dint h for evening dinner. Katuig too gestiou arc bciiclited b\ eating them artlly at night Is not good for a 11 ,s for parents to know what foods lid engaged almost wholly In men- aRree wi,h l,u" children, for what may av I duties. If the luncheon is tempt- ht* nourishing to one child might ,ns , ' K. it is more liable to be eaten. It I ?"'ov'' Injurious to another The suit! nothing tempts the childish ! chocolate girl, oi the one w ln> in- ..j-ont petite more than raisins, and child- I ''"'K4'- crack is iinil piclhs for the ^ n will nibble at them when other noonday luncheon, is u : lit to he- ^ its are let alone. They are highly hoW. r,,r ? wor- c P??U?le?l tare is dittritlouu and can be eaten raw or "cult to tind. 1 lie penny candy chop* ^ okcd in bread. If boiled eggs are j a "'riving business when the crt.,jv, eluded In the luncheon, they should school opens and they are tieqmnt<<i ,erni ok at least twenty minutes, other- when tlie luncheon box tails t?? ' n so the yolks are indigestible. Qotxl 'demands of a hungry 01 l < ? ? eese is nutritious, though it should nppeiite. if the health ot m mo , ^ as sparingly used as meat, for only I children is to be considiiei. t leu ople engaged in muscular duties , ">c luncheon Ik>x ot h.isket In i,. maud such heavy food. Bananas j carefully prepared. It does not <nll 1 for much, but It doers ? all for the very ? - ? le5e??e?B^ooeee55e??55$5 Load on > EASY. 1 mrS? S. C.i T^y . j BARGAINS. I closing our books for inter goods. If you are v do not fail to come out every vestage of >oms of Small Prices. ens' Cloaks. Overcoats. :k in this depart- $12.50 Values $9.50 season and have a ? 7.50 6.5o 5.00 " 3.5o *15.00 Cloaks $10.00 3.5o Rubber Interlined Coats 10.Oo " 7*00 goat 2.5o 5.00 44 3.00 1.50 as above 1.20 ? . . 1.25 as above 98c ill bkirtS. The above coats are all fresh and clean and cannot be bought at the 12.50 Skirts $8.75. factory today at the prices quoted 8.50 ' 9.00. above, 5.00 " 3,75. 2.50 1.98. Blankets LOO " 96c. wanted materials and are $7.50 WoolBlankets $5.50 carry them into the next 5.00 " " 3.75 g 3.50 " 2.75 I ? 2.50 " " 1.75 | USt Oo 1.50 Cotton Blankets 1.10 I 1.00 75c I THE LOSS. 75c 48c I $2.25 Men'sNeckwear | i./d 1 I 75c Ties 50c I 50c 38c I 693 25c 15c fl 20c 10c TABLE DAMASK. $1.25 Fine rshirts and Linen Damask 90c. $1.00 Linen 75c aegers Un- ^5c. 60c Fine Linen 44c. 35c Fine 34c , . Linen 29c, 25c Fine Linen 19c. Wool Shirts $1.15 *c Calicoes 5c ene Draw- _ _ ^ . . yyc i l-2c Checks t> 1-4 :eced Shirts 12 l-2c 36-inch Bleach 10c 23c /ool Shtrts Best Heavy Outings 8 and 8 1-2 $2.35 ies' Oneita Hickory Stripes 8 l-2c 79c 4qc 40-inch Sea Island 5c *u'ts 40-in Heavy Sea Islan 1 10c value 7C Jrawers 40c )rawers 22c JDS COMPANY, 3. o. The best brain workers In the . eoiilidtnce and esteem. Nothing has room are children carefully a worse result in the home than myspusibly fed; laggards are found terlousuess in trifles, which so often t the poorly fed ones. Study- j lead to quarrels, tragedies and scnsaith a half-stnrved or overfed tional scandals. Friends are often ch is like praying with cold separated by the lack of frankness io >oth liable to get woefully side- some triding event easily explained, d. if it needed to be, yet secretly kept. ? ? Children who begin these trifles at Being Frank. home are those who are discouraged e yon ever heard a person mak- j an<' '*'ar ,0 be fran^- an(* for thla is or her lioust that he or she very reason children deceive parents keen certain facts from certain because ?h<,> realize they cannot go is? We all have, and to a 1 to tbem ant' confess little faults and extent we nil practice the bit 1 b*' because " would mean pun eptlon. Itui when largely car- i ishment of the worst kind, and some* mt, mischievously done, there thin* evpn wo?se. the lack of syraend to the trouble it brings. Pa,by The ff'rl who can sit down on acuity for concealment as "so- a lo* ottoman at her mother's knee, fuiess." as the phrenologists ?Pen 1,01 letters and read them aloud. it, is a dangerous gift. Open- discuss her love affairs as freely as ind candor are delightful. When 8'1? ever discussed her school life trover that a friend has deceiv- events, is the girl who will grow to only naif-trusted us, we regard ',r a trunk, honest woman. She may ver after with suspicion, and it ,10' be openly frank. ' ut she will not es a very long time for him to | be possessed of u hidden nature r the ground he nas lost It) our which always makes her a suspicious person among friends.