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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, April 17, 1875, Image 1

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A Weekly Paper Devoted to Temperance, Literature and Polities.
A tiny man, with fingers Rofl anti lender,
AH any lady's f:iir ;
Sweet eyes of little, n form Ililli frail ??ml slender,
And curls nf sn liny liai r ;
A household toy, a I rattle tiling of l eanly -
Yet willi euell rising Min
lieu ins hi? ronml >-r toil -a sulemn duty
'l'hnt must be ilailv linne.
To-dny lie's bini.lim: raslie, liiHit>c ?nut lower,
Willi wonilmtiH arl ami skill;
ur labors with his halium r by ibo hour,
Willi strom;, determined will.
Anon, with little loaded earl lu's plying
A hri->k timi driving; trade ;
Again, with thoughtful, earned brow t" trying
Some book's dari; lore lo reid.
Now, laden like NIUO lilli" beau of bunion,
tte lirais himself atong ;
And now his lordly lillie vole?is lie.ir.l ill
DolsterotlH shout and nong ;
Another hour in spent in busy lolling,
With hoop, and top, and ball.
And with a patience that is nncr-fuitiug,
Itu tries and conquers all
lint Bleep a', la?? nVrtakes my little rover,
Ami on his mother's bioaat,
.j oys thrown ?.side, the day's uart] labor over,
lt" sinks to <|itiet reid ;
Amt as I fold him to my bosom, sleeping,
I think 'mul gathering tears,
Of what the futuro iiittv in stine be keeping,
As work for manhood'-? yet rf.
Must he with loll lils daily bread beeurniug
in the world's busy marl ;
Life's biller lesson every dayl?' learning,
Witii patient, struggling henri v
Or Bluill my little architect bo building
Some monument of fame
On which, in letters bright willi glnry'H ii:^.
Tho world may read In? H?lito?
Ivrhapa some humble, lowly occunation,
Hut shanid with sweet cold Ubi ;
perhaps ii life In loftier, prouder station,
lu s"lli-!i pleasure spent.
I Vi chance these lillie Lei may crom Hie |>.>rlal
Of learning's lollly lame;
His lili -work be t>. scatter trellis immortal,
Among tin? sons of meit
A Clerical Episode.
"lt's ?i very disagreeable duty,"
thought the Rev. Mr. Thornton, IIB he
entered Mrs. Mason's parlor, "but ns
I've been thoughtless euoiigb to make
the promise, there's nt) way of avoiding
it." Mr. Thornton was u young and
rut lier handsome gentleman, whose
thorough earnestness and sincerity,
joined to a bur share ol' mental ability
iitul n very large nmnuutof kind-heart
ed no R, hud made, him extremely popu
lar with the people of the country town
in which hu wu* loca tot I, and with no
ono moro HO than with the Indy whose
house he lind just entered. She con
sidered him almost pi ricct, and would
havo been deeply insulted if thc had
lu ard anyone rashly calling in question
the FoundnesB of his judgment ou any
subject. On the present occasion he
lind eome to fulfill ii promise to lier
that he would call anti have un inter
view with brr niece, Mies Hattie- Hal
lowell, who was g pending a few weeks
at her house.
?Miss Hallowell was cue of the reign
ing billes of n neighboring city, and
her milliner toward gentlemen, though
hot actually unlady like, w:ts far too
Ire J and unconstrained to fcttit her
limit's old-fashioned and rather narrow
minded ideas of propriety, and the lat
ter had begged her minister to give the
young lady some wholesome advice on
the subject. After promising to com
ply, Mr. Thornton hail become more
anti more conscious that he lind placed
himself in n very awkward position, and
that tho only result likely to cusue
iron: this undertaking to advise Miss
Hallowell was a great deal of displeas
ure oil her part. And though unwilling
10 give v ay to what ho feared might bo
11 mere want of moral eintr?ge, ho was
a gooddoal embarrassed when the time
inme for Hie duly to he performed.
Mis embarrassment wits hy- no moans
h ssened when Miss Mill lowe ll came
itito the room, looking teal ly lovely ill
her handsome, dark-bluemorning-di ess,
which enhanced, hy contrast, Ibo
brightness of he: blondo complexion
ami beautiful light, hair. The truth
w.iH, she had mini? up her mind some
days before that the minister wno " ibo
only civilized mun in the whole stupid
little town," mid lind taken some pains
that morning to appear al ber best be
fore him,
?Stic greeted him very cordially, and,
af. ho noticed how frank and pleasant
her manful- really was, ho ? s troubled
by a still greater uneasiness about lec
turing her mi that point. but utter
some preliminary conversation- -during
which she noticed that he was Very
nervous and ill at ease -ho made a de
termined eliott lo get through with his
disttvict able tusk.
"MisH Hallowell," ho said, "lam
sure you know what a high regard 1
feel for you, and how very much inter
ested 1 hitve become in you since you
have beeil here."
"I'm very glad, indeed/that you like
me so much, Mr. Thornton," she an
swered, with a charmingmailc.
He lound it impossible to nay any
thing more at firs', und lhere was au
awkward pause. Then, nuder a souse
tlial something must, he Haid, and not
knowing exactly what it was tobe, ho
went on in a strain Unit WUK rather
stronger than tho fnctfl of tho ease
" I feel as if I wero moro than a
friend lo you," be enid. "Indeed, I
haven't seen anybody lor a long timo
who excited my iuterefl ns you have
done. "
Here lhere was another pause, during
which ho became moro embarrassed
than ever, while his companion began
to outer lain n certain ?don about ins
" 1 want to ask you something," ho
sn ul finally, in a hesitating way, "I'm
afraid you'll think it very strange in me
to nay such a thing to you when I've
erny known you a tew seeks ; but T
think you will- I moah, I hopa-"
Here he came to a dead r.top and was
entirely at a loss how to /to on.
But before he could pul an end to his
hesitation tho indy herself suddenly
brought matte:.-; to a climax in n way
Unit pul ii very differ* rd aspect on the
"Mr. Thornton," she said, with a
maimer in which kind reeling was com
bined willi decisivo li rm ness, " I Lb ink
1 know what you want, to say to nie,
and I'm sure it will bo belter to stop
you before yo? say it. i believe you
were going to ask me to marry you. 1
eau niwnya esteem and honor you very
much ; but it would be impossible for
me to be more than your friend, even if
f wished to, for I'll toll you frankly
that T'm engaged to some one else."
If Mis* Hallowell bad (suddenly spo
ken to bim in pure Suuscript or the
choicest Iroquois, Mr. Thornton could
not have been more astounded. Ile Hal
for a few momenta in silent amazement.
Btil the utter ridiculousness of tho
thing'soon ?rame to him in ifs full force,
and, without any premonitory symp
toms, he fell into a violent paroxysm of
laughter. His efforts to control him
self were quito useless, and one cir two
faint attempts which he made to speak
were instantly smothered iii a fresh
Miss Hallo well's astonishment was, at
lirfit, as gteat as his had ber II. She, I
loo, soon recovered from thal feeling ;
but, instead of being succeeded by
mirth, it was followed, iu her case, by
a passionate lit. of ntiger, With a look |
of im (Vahle scorn fhO got up, walked I
old, of the parlor, ami went straight to
her own room. Mr. Thornton left the
house feeling unable to make any es
plnuaUou at that time. In thc mean
time Miss Hallowell indulged in mimer- :
ons rather wild plans for being revenged
upon the man who, she thought, hal
treated her so shan chilly in rem rn lor
lier consideration and kindness. Hut
at last KIIO found relief in a Hood of
tears, pud soon afterward was half in
clined to laugh at the wholo altair her
She returned lo tho city a few days
after this little episode ; and ono morn
i tig, when she had bi en at home nearly
a week, she received the following note:
Eacui.AN'EUM, .lau. 2. 1873.
how to apologizo for what must have Boomed
to you tho most outrageous rudeness. Hut as
tho exact truth of (lu- matter is ?ll that can
j afford any excuse for mo, I will ?jive it nt once. |
I called that morning ut. Mrs. Mason's request, i
having promised lier to give you some advice I
about your maimer to go nt lomon; and feeling, '
after tho promise was made, Hint you could
hardly fail tu consider such act ion very, oftt
ciotia and unwarrantable, 1 was awkward ami j
embarrassed, and conducted myself in a way
which led to ibo very natural mistake you
made. I lieg you to believe that I nm heartily
sorry for having acted so foolishly throughout. ?
und hopo you will not rofuso tomimhcr among !
your friends your siuceio well-wisher.
.Miss Hallowell's reply was an invita
Hon to her wedding.-Hearth and
JIo me. ,
- ' -? .- i
How Some Men Have Risen
Tweet! began as a brush maker, at I
journeyman's wages. Had he remained i
at. his irade and continued honest, his
native talent would have insured wealth I
-but he arose to a dizzy height, and ?
thou soddenly fell. " Hank Smith," j
who died in his official career of police !
commissioner, began ns a driver on the
Erie canal, and reached at one time a I
membership in the ring which gave him
(as it. was estimated) a million. Of this i
but lillie is left, and bis widow is living !
in a distant village. Tho late police |
superintendent, Jourdan, began as a
newt paper folder in the. service of Ibo I
Tribune. Ho WUK in thc office of su
perintendent for three, years, and left
nu estate worth, as il is said, $200,000.
Tho salary of this o Dice is S7,.r?0(l, bul j
the facility of receiving bribes enables ;
the incumbent to get. rich rapidly. It
lins been said that. Jourdan knew Hie ?
f-corot of the Nathan horror, and that
fin enormous fee secured a pledge (d' I
immunity in favor of Ibo guilty parlies.
Another man who him risen front j
poverty to wealth is Brown, the noted
Hoxton of Grace church. He began
lifo as a carpenter, but being of a portly .
turn he found Ibo tindo laborious, ami
obtained an appointment as inspector j
ol' carriages. Next, he was made sexton |
of Grace church, ?iud for twenty years
he has had all t.lio patronage of I hat
rich society. Ho is extensively em
ployed to manage social reunions and
receptions, in which brauch he is nu
adopt. He has the run of till tho fash
ionable yoting men, and many a S">
note ia untitled him to refresh his mem
ory when invitations are to he circit- j
latid. Bitch a man may assist a friend
loan entrance into a certain ohms of j
society, if not into the bes!. In this I
manner Brown, though occupying a
second-rate position, is in fact an anio
brat among many of Hie fashionable |
world, at least, in that, which is next to j
tho creme ile fa creme. Instead ol' I
ohos lng the plano at 815 a week, he now I
han a country seat, and is estimated at I
a quarter million.
Oliver Olini lick, ? ho is now president
of the Long Island railroad, ami is I
considered a millionaire, began bust
liesa as the keeper of a grocery on the :
wharf, where the prolifh of thc orgies ;
of sailors and longshoremen gave him j
both money and political italluence. I
Oharlick was at, .ono time a leader in the 1
city government, and tins was a ?ich
source of plunder. Of course ho be
came wealthy. These results, and
others which could he referred to,
f-how what mirions changes occur amid
tho social revolutions of a groat oily.
- And ho gavo it for his opinion that
whoever could make two cats of corn
or two blades ol' grass to grow upon u
spot of ground wbero only one. grow
before, would deserve better of man
kind, and do moro essential eorviee to
j bis country than the wholo race of poji
ticiami put together.-Swift.
-Mrs, SwiHshelm lays down us
brood principie regarding tho male
portion ol' the hutmill race : "Only in
I??-* coffin ia it safe for a woman to kiss
I any mic man in a thousand."
Little Stories from thc Scandinavian.
TrUiiHlati'il i>> ll. Hanlon.
1? in justly mid that God, parent?anti
teachers cm never he repaid for the
kindness they have bestowed ?HI tiny
ono. lint alas! in this world it goes
too often according to Ute well-known
problem, thal a father <'u>. easier sup
port six children than six children noe
father. fJcro we have such a narration
about a father who, while living, gave
all thal lie owned to Ins children and
expected them to support him after
wards in his old age. but when lie had
lived a while with his eldest son he be
came fired of him, and said : " father,
last night my ?ile gave hirth lo a hon,
and wheri? your arni chair stood thc
eradlo must now stand. Will you not
move over tb my brother's? He has
got inore room than I hav<-."
After a w. ile, the second mm also be
came tired Of Ililli, and said : "Father
you always liked ? wann room, and I
have the headache from it ; would you
not. like lo go lo iny brother, who i?. a
baker, beean stand it better.''
The fal her weill, and al ler bo hud
played some time, tho third son said:
" lu my bolide wo are alway; iuntiing
in and out, so von can la ver get your
afternoon sleep ; won id you not rather
go to sister Kima, who lives outside the
city gnio? Von will bo more quiet with
ber." The old man looked nt the clock
and said : " Vet y well, 1 will go and 1 rv
and live with my ?lau pilfers." Worn ti
have geiicrally a tenderer heart than
men. But, after he lind stayed a while,
the daughter became anxious to get rid
of bira als.,, and pretended to be very
much frightened whenever her fathei
had to p.iss down the high stairway,
either when going to church or any
where else, and said : " At sister Ala
lia's you need not go down any steps,
as she lives on the first lioor." The ole
mau admitted that ?he was right, it
order that everything should go ot
quietly and peacefully, and went to his
second daughter's. When he had stayed
a couple ot dins, he became a burder
to ber also, and she gave him to nuder
stand, through a third person, tha? hei
house, being too near the wafer, wns tot
damp for a man ?bb antlered wife!
rheumatism : hut In-r sister who was
married lo thu sexton of St. John'.1
graveyard had a dryer and heajthici
li ouse.
Ko he went to tho house ol" his young
est daughter, Laurina. He hud stajet
ii v/?yr. *.!>.??.*? ?;?-*.? IT-1 :^?. j-r?r- r . " '
bim : " Mother told Aunt Milda, yes
terday, that for you there wore no bet
ter quarters than snell as lather wm
digging in the graveyard." When th?
ugetl parent bearii these cruel words
his heart broke, and 1m felt back infr.
bis atm-chair and died. St. John':
graveyard received bim, and show???
more mercy towards him than his si:
children had shown; t?tere he ctn sic. ?
Th? re lived once in Stockholm au oh
man of nearly n hundred wini ors. ?I:
wns a tailor by profession and hm
twelve sons, who ai! had served lllldoi
Charles XII. Once they got II fen
.lays' leave of nhseeeo from their r??gi
rn? nts to go and sc their old father
whom they found on their arrival willi
out bread und nearly starving. " Fa
HUT has no bread," said one ol' thom
"yid Im has given to Swed, II twelvi
warriors !" O tir dear father must lu
helped; but how?" " Can'! we tint
somebody w ho would he willing to hau
in a I itt bi money?" asked iii?? youngest
who had a good ?leal of faith in (lo?
?inti good-hearted people. "Try I?
borrow money, when we have nothtlli
lo give in security ! What good wil
Hud do?" asked au-Iher. " Have wi
nothing nt all?" nsked tim youngest
" my brothers, I will show you that wt
bavo. Cur father is n tailor, and ha!
carried ?rn his trade a great many yearn
and is now about lo die of starvation
This is sufficient proof of his honesty
We, his sons, have served for man;
yours in tho rani;s ol' the Swedish army
mid no one can yet show a stain ttpoi
our honor. Lit us give this, our honor
as security ; I think we might borrow ;
little money on such it pledge."
This idea won their general approval
The twelve brothers wrote and signe
the following lettir : "We, twelv
Swedes, sons ol' a tailor who is m arl
prto hundred years of tige, deprived ?
tho necessary, means of support, pia
tim directors of the national bank li
tim sum of two hundred dollars, lo li
used f< r the support of our old an
helpless father. We pledge ?mr hon?
as security, and promise t.. pay Hi
above namorl sum to the hank wHIii
mm year. This letter was handed i
Hie directors. The sum asked for wi
given to them, and the letter torn I
pieces; furthermore, the directors pron
ieed to take caro of their old father .?
long ns he lived. Scarcely had th
happened Indore it was made know
through the entire city, and rich an
poor po ii I visits to tlie old white-headi
man, and none went empty hntldoi
Tho tailor was (hus placed in good ci
e/imstfliices, and after his death left
Biiin.ll capital for clich <>f hi .> sons
reward for their filial love.
Till". lATTLK I'tiOWKIt.
Oue day, two young gills weill
town. They were both daughters of
gardener. Eich of them carried n bu
ket full ot fruit or dower.'. As tin
went along, ono of them became dissa
inti* cl nt the weight ot her basket ; tl
other weut easily, Binging all tho tim
! " I cannot understand why yon sing
sai?l the first to her sister ; "you a
i not any stronger than I am, and yoi
basket is just ai heavy u; mint?."
" Tho reafon ' sahl the otho
smiling, " Hint I have put lilt
Hewer in my basket, which keeps n
from feeling ?I? weight. Do you like- i
'. Thai must he a very costly flower/' ?
: aili her sitter. " hut I should like lo ! '
own it very much : please tell hie its '
I name."
"The little dower," sahl the other, !'
" which makes the heavies! burden '
easy, ir, called Patience."
How to Keep thc Children Pure ?
.* WH1 yon not use your influence m
trying to deter large boys from contumi
I neting Hie minds of small boys?
i Tilings which should be told in a whole
some manner ami as .solemn truths are
i distorted into vile shapes, and periua
I eua injury is done lo children's minds.
I Would it not he better for the body to
i lip poisoned than thc mind, that parents
I might see tin1 harm done, and thereby
l c . nablcd lo usc cures and antidotes?
Putt 1 am Kiiry t<> say that I think thc
trouble lu s deeper than with tin- lng
hoys. I have been looking around, and
am t|tiito sure that it does. A jury
might acquit, them with thc verdict,
more sinned against than (-inning, lt
ia the men that 1 am coining nt, foi ju-t
h ? long as they inert in groceries, on
street corners, ami in shops, telling
stories iinlil for the ears ol' their mot?l
eos, sisters, ?ives and daughters, just
s., long big boys will listen and think it
c niling to emulate thc filthy example,
lu it imf a terrible thing to look into a ?
young nian's face and think of thc im
! purities his mind must be loaded with '
Atales he has strength to cast off 1
tr?o unclean t liing and be a nobleman ?"
I No subject more vital in its bearii g
OU the morals of the young could have 1
! place in this column, says thc New York I
j Tribune, in reply t?> tlje above letter.
! There arc parents who recognize among
j the duties they owe their children that
o' instructing them with respect to'bc
origin of life. This is left shrouded in
impenetrable mystery, and all manner
orlies are told ni reply to t he (pies! ions
which at a very carly age children will
?ck. Tin-mother leaves this matter for
har daughter to ho told about by any
chance schoolmate, who, with the few
g ains of truth she may communicate, 1
j is more than likely to sow tares that
i or can be weened out. Thc hmo- i
' Cfht-hourtod boy learns from his rough
Ct mpaniouB what his own father or
I n ither should have told him with per
i fi '? simplicity uud inge uousncss, and '
lr .iras a grojitideal that they would never ;
h- p\hud him to know. Truth is sacred,
f:; h b*. pure and never corrupts any
71 ? ? flt,, vii" admixture o: fnfse
1 hood with it that contaminates, fcivdry
f i . I JU ?niluan physiology eau bc so
communicated tb a pure mind that its
! delicacy shall net bo in the least bf
i (chided. The time to make these facts
known is wh n the desire to inquire
! into them manifests itself, and the best
j teacher is tho parent. As between luts
! blind '"'id wife, so between parent ami
child there is no place for shame.
Where virtue reigns shume cannot
i A cbihl thus taken into sacred inti
macy wiih its parent will instinctively
rovoli from whatever is vulgar and base
? mid obscene. At every period in the
j d volopmcnt of the young life the
parent should lie before everybody else
I m preparing and fortifying his son or
j daughter against thc dangers which lie
in his or hm' path. There is nothing
j that so strongly biiids a child to virtue
ami honor and chastity, as perfect ami
unrestrained intimacy between it. and
ibo father and motlier. We aro careful
about thc sewage of our houses, about
ventilating them, and see to it with
diligence I nat every nook and corner is
kept neat and sweet. Let us carry the
same thing into character and open all
the doors ami windows (d' (he soul by
total frankness and transparent sim
plicity, that the pure air and sunshine
of beaven may have access to them
and koi p them pure,
Omi wutd more. If home is made so
attractive thal boys and men prefer it
to the corner groceries, au ounce of ; rb?
voution will be found better than many
pounds of taire.
A Prescription for thc Curo of Drunk
There ii? a curious prescription in
Ku land for the cure of drunkenness,
by which thousands are said lo have
been assist) d in recovering themselves.
Thc recipe carno into notoriety through
the ebor ts of .lohn Vi iib illili, father
of Kev. New ?nan Mall ami Capt. Vino
Hall, commander of the (beat Eastern
steamship. Me had fallen into such
habitual drunkenness that his utmost
(.Oort to regain himself proved un
availing. Al length he sought (bond
vice bf nil eminent physician, who gave
I hiin a prossriplion, which lie followed
faithfully for several months, and at
thc end of that time he bad lost all de
sire for liquors, although he had for
many years been lcd captive by a most
debasing appetite. Thc recipe, which
be afterwords published, and by which
so many have been assisted to reform.
ii as follows : "Sulphate of iron, 5
grains ; magnesia, 10 grains ; pepper
mini wat r, ll grains; spitit of unt
iing, one drachm ; lo bc taken twice n
day." This preparation acts as a toi io
.md stimulant, and partly supplies l ne
place bf the accustomed liquor, and
prevents that ?disoluto physical and
moral prostration thal follows a sudden
breaking off from the UPC of stimu
lating drinks.
- Scientists now t$-ll us thal tho in
roads of grasshoppers into the north
west, of late years, is due rr?inly totho
havoc made among tho piturie lieus,
which aro slaughtered by tens o? thou
sands every year to gratify the epicures
of this country and ISuropo. The
prairie chickens used to "absorb" ibo
grasshoppers before lue latter reached
the sel i lenients, but they are no longer
equal to the omorgoncy.
The Volcanoes of Iceland.
Iceland is situated at the termination
>? tho great volcanic line, skirting tito
ixtrcmo west of the GUI World, which
iias existed since the Cretaceous period
?ortninly, whilst tho points of eruption
ippcur to have traveled northwards.
\s ali thu rodes are igneous, or igneous
lori vat ives, no stratigraphical arrangc
meul can bc made out. Basaltic lava
>t remus are common in tho vicinity of
Reykjavik, though no active volcano
i.'xis.fs in this part of tho island, which
is in the secondary stage of solfataras
?Hld hot, springs. These sulfataras aro
mete pits of bluish white, siliceous mud,
the resuit of decomposition of contig
uous tufa. Tho principal gas exhaled
is sulphuretted hydrogen. Their posi
tion changes. Thc hoi springs arc
working Out their own destruction hy
thc accumulation of sinter: the com
position of this varies in springs williiti
i few yards of cindi other, The large
ills in thc old lava at Thingvalu were
ttl ribo ted lo the Mowing away of flic
indorcurrenl of lava into a yet deeper
leptessioii, Hms leaving (he iinstip
?orled crust to sink down in the mi die.
Ml the lavas of Heckla are basaltic, mid
?onfaiu crystals ol' felspar and olivine.
Vu ash and cinder forms the summit of
he mountain. There were four craters;
he longest one is au elliptical depres
i?n 250 feet deep, al the bottom of
vliich lay snow, though some ashes and
;lay were still quite hot. The dist rict
>f Mydals .Tokull, containing tho terri
? le volcano Kolinda, is remarkable for
he confused intermixture of aqueous
ind igneous,cjectanieiita, producing ug
domerates and tufas. Sind and hot
valer are the principal productions Of
Cot lu j ia itself, which lias not, heen
tnown to produce lava, though ancient
elsitie lavas were noted at its base,
di?se Hoods are produced, in addition
o the melting ol' thc Jokitll, hy the
UU'sting of large cavities in which water
nts accumul?t'd for years. Such a res
.rvoir was noted in a small neighboring
.rater, at the bottom of which was a
leep pool of turpid water, int ) which
ever-!I binni! streams emptied them
olves, lint none ran out again. To
/atna Jokull til-"? principal volcanic
orces of Iceland seem now lo have re
reutpd. This is a vast traci of snow
nd ice which rests upon a neel of vol
anocs, many ot which have been tn
roption di-riug historical time The
"atna rises from a series of basaltic
ilatforms. The existence of penna
?en!ly active volcanoes in ihn unknown
? 1er hir 01 tliih iiiass"wui.' ?uu?ivic) elliot
How Fish May Bo Improved.
It is now well known that tho.rich,
lelicato llavor of the white-fish in many
vestorn lakes comes from a celery-fed
larasite on which it lives. This celery
s the marine plant that gives to the
tanvas-hack duck its glory among con
loisseursof tho table. Hore is a Rood
tint in tlie line of fish culture. Why
nay not, the common varie* ?es he made
able delicacies, for instance, hy put
ing them on a mild diet of Worcester
shire san . before they are served'.' it
s the creosote and gas parasite, how
?vcr-the deadly refuse of oil and paper
mils -that should be first looked to.
. lum* and oystuis and even iisii are
hus being foully impregnated and
lometimcs killed. The lif-h of the
Ionesco river were recently found so
Hinted with kerosene from oil mills IM
0 render them unlit for food. A si mi
ar conditio!) in the river Iser, prod no
ng an appeal from the fishermen ol'
tlunich to the government, han called
?ut an eminent chemist, Prof. A. Wtig
tcr, who shows by exporimeiits, that in
rater with ono per cent, ol' gas refuse,
ish die in six minutes, with one-half
>er cont, they die in thirty minutes,
philo one-tenth per cent, kills the hard
est liver tish in twenty-four hours. A
mrtial guard against lins, tho profes
or suggests, is to allow a gradual dis
hargo ol' the refuse into tho st ream,
tistcad of tho wholesale dumping now
An Italian Sunset.
A correspondent of the Dartford
'hues wtitei; from Italy : "Ijiist night
vo were driving slowly home, laden
irith Mowers, after a warm, golden after
looti, when lin' air about us became
udden ly glori Hud, and looking back
re saw thc nio-l wonderful sunset of
?ur lives. Driving to a commanding
?oillt we gil'/.ed at the marvelous scene,
iie setting sun and dazzling western
louds being only a ??art of it. Thc
lilis around Florence on every side
vero bathed in purple light, soft ami
ender, and exquisite as a dream, while
he sky above, after the first blaze of
Festem glory, was aglow with rosy
ighl that Hooded thc heavens and
oiled in billows over the hills and
.ven stemed to touch our cheeks
n its omnipresence. At home I
nive seen equally brilliant displays
u tho west ; they have seemed like
1 far-off wonder in which I had no
-arl a panorama to bo admired at a
batanee. Here tho whole world seemed
remuions with color, sky and earth
?lowed together, and it was near us; wo
vere in it, The very air wo breathed
vas rosy red, ami over all lhere was a
io fin ess, a poetry of color, an ecstasy
if illumin?t ion perfect ly indescribable,
.luowing Hitch a glamour over us that
vhcu at last the Hu ht died out of eveiv
bing wa awakened us from a ti ?moe.
ind, breaking the long t-ilivooe, CA
'aimed : 'Wo this if? an I'itlitin sunset !
?Veil, I shall always fool that. I have
leen m one !' "
Mr. flallwell, the Shnkspoorean
?? thlisinst, has obtaim d leave to rciirch
lie panoli' . d the house cf Lady
Ihuuard, the grnnd-Onughter of the
Bard, for Shakpeare's missing papers.
'Tis A i.n Sm: WANTS :
A Hoal-.<kiu Hack and a camel's hair shawl.
DianioiiOH, rubies mid ormino :
A brown ?tono houso and marble IIRU,
Ami a boan to danoo tho Gorman.
A front row box al the opera,
Whenever I wanted to go:
A neut comm and landau, too.
And meal?- a la Delmonico.
Then in summer go to Newport.
With drOfHon i ich anil many;
And In ?co my name in tho fashion report.
While pa hands nut tho money.
- A Chicago tuan thinks that tiro
worst spoiler ought to get tho diction
ary, ?mil the winner should hnvo a
" wreath of sorrel, or some other garden
.sass, like thom Greeks."
The production of raisins- from
California grapes is a growing business
and is strongly urged as likely* to be of
rrre.-d profit. Tho white muscat of
Alexandria is named as the host raisin
--Among tho numerous plumes of
crime daily developed, did you ever
hear of anything equal to the act of the
Jersey Oily man arrested for forgery,
who says ho did it in order to be Bent
to the ?tate prison to escape from lib;
wife !
Aa an ?Ilustration of the limitless
ti timber of combinations which the
three primary colors are capable o{, it
may he interesting io know that in the
CJobclin tapestry manufacture 28,00(1
distinct shadings of yarn are employed,
ruell om? distinguished hy Hie practiced
- -A French soldier is to lie punished
with death for insulting au upstart ofii
eer. Th's-, crives Victor Hugo an oppor
tunity lo thus compare the ease with
thar of Bazaine : ITaving sold his ilupt
having surrendered his army, having
betrayed his country-life; having
struck l.is corporal-death !"
- Pcroiro {?ot a lillie tired of return
ing the bows of un uncomfortable polite
man in his ? s'nblisbmi nt, and finally
gave the polite mau this conundrum,
at point blank range: "Sir, what,
would become of the hours if the min
ute-hand stopped to bow to theseeond
hatid every finie they met."
-The Parisians devour 100,000,000
apples every winter. An eminent Fronch
physician thinks that the decrease of
dys pepsin and bilious affections in Paris
is owing io tko. increased consumption
oC H is fruit, wine.1' ho maintains, is an
admirable prophyacn, *id tonio, os
well as a verv nourishing/and. euaijy
dige: tel article of food.
-Mr. Valentine, the sculptor, has
nearly completed the life-size recumbent
statue of tlie late Cum. Lee, and it, will
be placed over tho contemplated matt
sole um at Lexington. Mr. Valentine
modeled a bust id the geiiotal from life
in 1870, and alter thc bern's death it
was determined that he should be se
cede 1 td exec tte the statue.
" Well, thiele Hilly, don't you want
a nv more civil rights !" " Not a ny ting
mo', I tank yon,' replied Hilly. "Near
ly done ruin i now. Hov t'? pay my
own doa! ?r's bill, h st all my money in
the Precdmah's bank, lubber got no
forty ere:; an' de nude dey promised
me. an' can't help myself to a little
chicken, fry i ti' size, wi.lout gwine to de
penit entiary. I'so got 'nu ff cibbil
rights !"
,) KAN V MM A S -
A morry wight, fond of 1MM ease.
Wliile ho sin^s his MIMICS anil strokes his knees,
Ami li|*lit as Hi? air winch sway? tho leaven,
1M.lean Val j can, tho cobbler.
Through the summer's day ho shs nod sin^s
of I ho olden diiys ami of Riicionl things,
(if lin'llames nf yore ?nd of bygone lun^H-*
SingH .lean Valjoan. tho cobbler.
The birds ?oe singing in every tren
Till Ibo air is lilied with tho melody
Ol' MOIK; HM light ?md pay mid flee
AM .lean Valjcan's, tho cobbler.
Willi tho wanitu; shadows Hie hird in RB II- >l,
And Joan in his cot, each sc ok tho rest \
Which sweet Bloop brings, with ito carrs ?p
Ali ! happy Jenn, the cohblor.
-The London.Sporting Gazette, refer?
ring to the statement that the Emperor
W illiam has forbidden the exportation
of horses beyond the German trontior,
says: "This startling announcement,
heralds a revolution, the results of
ubi.h arc likely to very seriously alTccf
ilic horse trade in Paiglnud, a?,three
fourths of the carriage and draft horses
in lue.don al Ibis moment have been
imported froui Gormauy, Moreover,
wc arc dependent on Germany in avery
tirge degree for our troop-horses, and
it is not eic ir whence we shall obtain
lite necessary supply now that we are
shut out from Germany, especially as
both Prance and Spain rre also in want
of Iro ip-bors-s. thu former requiring
1(1,0110, and the latter 5,000,
In Bringloh church are two sepul
chral slimes, om1 bearing the dato of
Willi nv r th(? grave of the father of
Washington, tho emigrant, in which
bis arma appear impaled with those of
his wifo. 'the other sdono covers the
remains of bia uncle, anti presents on a
l),iss the simple family shield with the
crescent appropriate t.? a younger
brother. We have before us a tran
script of this shield, and from it wo are
constrained lo believe that tho United
States ting as seen now very certaiuly
took its origin. Tn this Rhiold aro fivo
horizontal stripes, of alternate gules
ami white, on are those of tho national
ll?g, while, the three stars in the imper
stripe Lave the parallel 1 peculiarity of
being five-pointed; All this may Dot
bs* ot interest to those who caro very
little whether George Washington had a
grandfather or not, but thou again there
may be others who will uot think any
t ho less of the father of tho great repub
lic, because his ancestors fought against
Cromwell and bia ironsides'to keep
Charles' head upon his shoulders.-St,
Lom's Jicjmblican.

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