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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, April 24, 1875, Image 1

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E. A. WEBSTER. Editor and Proprietor. A Weekly Paper Devoted to Temperance, Literature and Politics.
Mnnnvr J'aeha, il ii pleasant to inept
H*rp. fn tho lipfirt of tlitB treacherous town
Where faith ls a peril and courtship .1 cheat.
Mon? false to Hu? touch Minn a rose overblown
Willi a poul that is tru<? to it-olf. as your own,
MouRpor Vacha, as two gentlemen may,
Civill/.od, city-bred, link <?P our bands;
Now ii mn tho town to Ibo rle? rt away!
. OurR in a frlondthip \*1IOJP spirit donnuids,
' Th? score of Un- Bky anil thu strolch of tho sandF.
MonHOor r/.tcha, doti your courtier's Karl? ;
WP b&vo niven to courtesy all of its due? :
-"Spr'nr- to your throne on tho back of your bart),
f.linkr to' tho brccr.es your rouai burnous, ?"'1
Wave your lauoc-vcoptre wherever you choose :
Moneoor, mt chief ! ab, I know yon at I WIRI b
Kine of I l?o desert, vour children aro como
To cluster, Uko sheep, in tho diado of your stronfttll,,
Or t<? strike, like youn? H?ne, for country amt
When your eyes aro ablaze at Ibo roll of tho
ii rum !
Monson r, my chief! now ono gallop to RPO
The IBTUI that you have ?worn that no despot chal?
Rriml !
Though Mlin-tanued and arid, by Allah ! 'tis free!
Hu crops aro t?ioso ?ance? ; dene soup of Um wind,
Our eleerie, aro ito flock?-n nnni harvest to bind.
Moneoor, my chief! how wo dash o'er the fand.
IUSHIHG behind us Uko Btorm-driveti snow !
Flash tho lou? J.MHIH of your wild Aral) band,
nramlisb tin? spears, and Ibo hebt .lorcodi throw,
An, half-winced, through tho shrill- infini;
broi 70s RC !
MorjHPor, my c!iief ! Feud tho horses away ;
Tho BpottB ol vour tribe I have seen ?villi n>
Now lot UP wa'ch while tho rose-tinted day
Fadi-s from tho ilrsorl, aud pcaoe-bcarlng ni?ht
Shakes ibo iirst nm on her brow In our eipht.
Monsoor. my host ! Jo, I enter your tout,
AB brother bi brother, hands elaapiUft? is lei! ;
I sleep llfcn child lu a dream Heaven sent ;
Por boto t not eaton tho i all and the bread ?
And Monto,)) will ?neuer for mo Milli bia bead.
Thc Fast "Winter.
Increased Drain Unto In fCurorif nncl
Amerlca--01il CniiBliiiiptlves Swept Off
omi New imo? iUutl?:.
Tim past winter has been a phenome
nal one, and blieb a ono as the bett iu
iorme.l meteorologisti do not expect to
BOO agnin fer twenty year?'.
Everywhere, from Shreveport, La.,
to Stockholm, in northern Europe, a
sudden increase in the death rate marlin
tho continuance, ?nd follows iu tho
wake of tho v?iuter of 1874-5. Dr.
Elisha Harri J, registrar of vital statis
tics fer this city, in speaking of tho
past winter, both in this and other cities
from which he i eeeives weekly returns
.of deaths, said : "The mortality has
been fearful in every section on acconnt
of the great changes from tho normal
state of the weather. The only winter
which at all compares with it is that of
. .,.2935--ft-.-r-The past seasorT has "been es
pecially heavy in deaths from pneumo
nia and other pnlmonary disease?. The
*.'. Wohinter has been \ory cold, and also
saturated with moisture at all times.
While the thermometer did not indicate
any specially low temperature, the skin
and mucous membranes of tho lungs,
throat and other passages Buffered on
nccouut of tho humidity of the, atmos
phere. In onr own city the total per
centage of deaths will be from 12 to 15
per cent, additional, and in the special
classes of disases most fatal the ratio
has been doublet. Fever cases have
been very rare. Typhoid has been al
most a matter of chance, lu diphtheria
tho mortality has assumed thevirulence
of an epidemic. Our reports from Ed
inburgh, Glasgow, IiObdon, Liverpool,
Dublin, Vieuna, and Hamburg, all
show that this particular class of dis
easo has beeu specially fatal there
Paris bis been more fortunate owing to
the admitable sanitary regulations in
force there. The. greatest porcentago
of fatal eases ontside of those of chil
dren are of persons over sixty yeais of
age and those who have been bard
drinkets I do not mean drunkards
alone, but those who have hee-.i in tho
habit of taking strong liquors, and they
are not poor people alone. In ihese
persons the mucous membrane of tho
throat is weakened and cannot resist
tho double assault of a cold atmosph?re
heavily laden with moisture. The ef
fects of this winter have not stopped
yet, by any meaus. I should estimato
that about as many as have already
nucen tubed will t)att> thoir death sick
ness from collis contracted during tho
recent cold spell. For the next fifteen
years consumption will carry off persons
whose ititiRs first showed I lie germs of
tubercular deposits this past wintor.
That is a serious side of thc question,
and physicians arc caret"tilly considering
now what should be done, and how to
take precautions against these st quonees
of tho cold. People who havo colds
should get rid of thom as speedily as
possib e, by breathing pure, dry air
and getting their whole systom in
sound health."-Ar. V. Wnrld.
Thc greatest depth of the grand can
yon of tho Yellowstone, is but 1,000
feet, lind tho averngo for miles along
the deepest part is rot over GOO feet.
Clear Creek canyon, in Colorado, which
Grace Given word, Picard Taylor, aud
othe.r traviler? have praised as rivaling
the Yellowstone, is but liltlo over J,OOO
feet at its highest point. Prof. Gaonot
declares that there is nothing in Amer
ica that eqnnlA the i ow wonders of the
Grand and Gunnison. Tho white wallu,
contrasting Ftronrdy with the others in
the neighborhood, in many places cut
and scarred into curious and fantastic
shapos, spires, towers and minarets,
standing out above, add to the shirt lin rr
picturesqueness and awfnl grandeur
of the scene. Here and there, along
the lower hides of tho canyon, may bo
traced strins of coloring.
This is duo to the mino;linpr waters
from severol springs that line the river
banks, iron sprim. s producing the red
colors, and sulphur springs tho yellow.
The river bed is shallow, and tho wa
ter clear.-Dr. Hayden.
-Tho average masculine stomach 'in
this country craves liquor, and society
must bo revolutionized before a betttr
?t?te of things can exist,-^Kc*^ Finid.
Thc Japanese.
The subjoined translation from an
editorial in a leading Japanese journal
is full of practical good sense, worthy
of a nation of much higher civiliza
tion. The growing commerce between
Japan and our Pacific states and thus
with tho Union, causes an increasing
interest in the progress of that peculiar
people. "We quote :
Many among us are desirous that our
civilization should tako equal rank with
that of Europe and America. But, as
our country is poor and tho people are
ignorant, wo must first promote agri
culture, so that tho lund should yield
naore abundantly. We should promote
commerce Wo should promote tho ed
ucation of our children and compel
the indolent to bo industrious ; and
when all this has boen done it will be
tiu-e to talk about rivalry with foreign
countries. Bat our scholars who desiro
all these changes immediately aro like
those who wonld set a ohild to hard la
bor, or who imagine that the poor
should abound iu luxury like tho rioh.
We do not mean to say that wo are in
the same condition that we were several
years ago. Bat, as we have Baid before,
t ho first and most important thing to
be done to build schools, and to se
curt? tho diffusion of useful knowledge
among the people ; then to make au ad
vance in commerco and agriculture, so
us not to bc decorating the outside only
and doiutf so much expenaivo work in
vain. Our scholars of Etiropoan sci
ence ought to be assisting both tho
government and the people. This is
tho manner in which they will best show
their patriotism. And wo entreat them,
too, to have a little patience, and to
cool their nmbition that all these
changes should occur at once. Let
them prepare tho way for them, so that
when they como wo may be ready for
them and they may bo really to our
The Etiquette of Court Presentation.
Tho Court Journal gives the follow
ing in a review of the etiquette of the
court of St. Jame's drawing-rooms :
"Tho lady wishing to be presented
must first find a lady williug to present
her, and al?o to attend the drawing
room at which she wishes to bo pre
sented ; for, although it ia by no means
neoessury that tho two ladies should
paBB at the same time, or even that they
shpn,ljd_nieety i ty g abflolnr^ly-dc riffueur\
ni?t a lady who presents another should
attend the drawing-room. This pre
liminary beicg arranged, the presenter
gives her friend a note addressed to the
Lord Chamberlain, btating her inten
tion of attending a certain drawing
room and of presenting Mrs. Jones.
This note Mrs. JoneB leaves at the Lord
Chamberlain's ofBce, at least two clear
days before tho drawing-room, accom
panied by a large card, on which is
legibly written : 'Mrs. Jones, presented
by Lady Brown ; ' or, 1 Mrs. Jones,
presented on her marriage by Lady
Brown.' From tho Lord Cuamberlain'a
office abo recaivea on application two
pink presentation cards, on which 'Pres
entation' is printed in large let
ters. These she takes to the palace
with her, giving one to tho page
in-waiting at the corridor at the top
of . the grand staircase, and reserving
the other to be given up at the
door of the presence chamber, whero it
is han led from ono official to another
till it roadies the Lord Chamberlain,
who announces the name to the queen.
Care should bo taken by the lady to
writo her own name and also that of the
lady presenting her very legibly, so that
there may be no danger of mistakes.
In the caso of the preaentatiou of a
bride, it ia usual for her to bo present
ed by lier husband's mother, sister, or
some other member of his family, if
possible and convenient ; but this is a
matter of taste, not of necessity."
Circumstances Make Women.
Tho queen, speaking of unappreci
ated women. Bays the woman who might
have been " a Joan of Aro or a Maid of
Saragossa, in favorablo eircums?anees,
hemmed in by the narrow chances of a
?mal? locality is only a rather masculine
person, who has, probably, independent
notions on the subject of ttres^, and
whoso boots would not bear the impres
sive of Bond Street. The nnnttaohod
sister of mercy is a fussy, kind-hearted
person, who has tho most extraordinary
pleasure in nursing sick folkB, and who,
as often aa not, gets no thanks for her
pains. Tho possible Hypatia or Olym
pia of a village town is simply a 'very
odd young woman, who has the
strangest notions and tho most eccen
tric ways of expressing herself;' who
has, moreover, tho character of reading
undesirable books, and whoso words
and ways form part of the staple local
posnip, not loaing in transmission.
Yet, tho power is the Ramo in tho coun
try girl who is half despised and half
feared, ns that which once founded a
school, and lins been celebrated by
historians and biographers, centuries
after. One of tho unsolved mysteries
of things as they aro, is tho waste of
lifo aud energy that goes on in tho
physical world ; and tho world of mind
follows that; of matter. There ia a per
petual f-mothoring of potential queen
boos into ordinary workors, useful, but
not prob fio ; industrious, but not mag
nificent ; and possibly, excellence is be
iog forever pressed into grooves where
only the tamest and most coinmonplaot!
powers cnn exist. Wo plant too manj
of our oaka in iron-bound flower-pots,
mid never givo them tho chanoo even ol
fracturing tho mold. We put a sernb
bing-brush into tho hands of our Cor
inness, and set Sapphos to tio down the
jams, and see that tho bonne linen il
neatly mended. All sorta of lovehj
faculties whieb would have made tuet
moro glorious and lifo moro full of
pleasure, bad they been given their fully
free ontlot, aro hemmed in to fulfill
mean uses ; or are atrophied altogether,
starved out of existence for want of
nourishment. It seems to point to tho
need of some more por feet organization
of sooiety than any we have attained ;
but perhaps this, too, is among the
many Utopian dreams with which wo
bewail the present, and imagine a bet
ter futuro, when power shall have its
work, faculty its objeot, and merit its
place and reward."
What Children do for us
We hear a great, deal about what pa
rents do for their children, ami the duty
and obedience which they owe them in
consequence, but it is useful to us at
times to look at the other side of tho
question and seo what children do for
their parents, and not for their parents
alone bnt for tho world nt large.
Take the cases of unmarried men and
women, or of marr ind men and women
who havo no cbildron, and wo shall see
what an utterly joyless world this is to
them-how destitute of all the saving in
fluences which follow in thc train of a
new-born child.
It is true thnt they do not always
koow it ; true that they sometimes con
gratulate themselves upon the freedom
which the absence of responsibility
gives them. But what docs this free
dom do for them? If they do not uso
it in caring for those who have nono to
c&re for them it simply in?lodea them
in a wall of selfishness. It. allows them
t^ indulge their own whims and faociea
to their own destruction, ami deprive
them at the last of all the consolations
which spring from participation in fam
ily lifo and a oonsoiousneses ot duty
well performed.
Children aro really all there is in lifo
worth living for. There aro many other
things whioh are pleasent in it, there aro
many things which givo zest to it, there
are many things which seem necessary
as a relief from the absorbing care which
the rearing of a family of children
brings, but none proseut sufficient mo
tive for continued offort or sacrifice; and
if it were not for children, therefore,
much of our stimulus to exertion would
bo taken away and tho most imperativo
work of the world remain unperformed.
Because the father supplies tin food,
because the mother prepares it in a man
ner, sui table? Jor thQ growth of thr-ir
Jodies' we consider all tho obligation is
on one side. Bnt to how many hungry
hearts has the love of a little child been.,
nourishment and consolation and sup-"
port? How many would have fallen by
indifference or through temptation if the
necessities of a little child hod not with
held them.
People who avoid children for tho
sake of getting rid of responsibility find
iu time that they have missed the pleas
ures only, not thc cares, ond but a few
of th? pams. Association with our fel
lows entails certain burdens and obli
gations upon all of us, and if we have
not voluntarily assumed any of our own
we shall find them thrust upon us and
be obliged to carry the weight without
the happiness of a strong incentivo in
the nearest and dearest of earthly ties.
Childless men and women uery often
console themselves with the reflection
that children are as likely to turn out
ill as well ; that time and strength and
rooney aro frequently wasted upon
them, and, therefore, might as well be
saved or put to other use. But physi
cal science is beginning to show us that
cause and effect act as directly in the
production of tho human species as in
any other phenomena of naturo and
that caro and cultivation bestowed upon
naturally good qualities produce os line
results among men aud women ns upon
a fruit farm.
Tf this were not tho case, however, i f
the result? weredependent npon chance,
men and women ought still to accept
the duty of roaring children for their
own sakes.
Tho woman knows nothing of the
possibilities of her womanhood, the
man of his manhood, until they aro dis
covered in the strength of the love, the
ertbrts the sacrifices (not felt, as such)
which are exorcised and made for liKlo
Is there any pride equal t.i that whioh
tho father feels in tho growing daugh
ter ? Is there any lovo equal to that
which the mother knows when little
hands clasp her and a soft oheek lays
its velvet against her own ?
FiieudB may grow cold, ambition may
ba disappointed, slanderous longues
moy poison yonr good name, and
though all oro felt moro or less, yet
homo and the lovo and confidence of
children are a sure and certain refuge,
a harbor from the storm, inexpressibly
comforting and consoling to tho weary
and abused mon,and heortsoro ond neg
louted woman.
Bnt it is not tex their simple faith
and trust nlom '..bat we should video
children. They deserve cultivation ;
they abundantly requiro caro and kind
ness, attention and the forbearance
which it is necessary toward their im
maturity and want of judgment. Our
leisure, at least moro of it, should bo
given to them. We should take pains
to find out what they think that, wo mny
guido them aright and tench thom to
avoid the shoals and quicksands upon
whioh wo perhaps have been st randed.
-Hearth and Home.
-A large, heavy-set man who reoided
near Indianapolis died recently from a
disorder whioh no Indian doctor eonld
moke ont. At the time of his death ho
was little moro than a skeleton, his
flesh having wasted away. A post mor
tem examination showell that his liver
was full of absceases, so that his food
had not been properly absorbed, and
that h? had actually starved to death.
The Khedive s Half-way Munificence.
Tim Fitch-Sherman diamonds still
remafii under lock and key in tho vaults
of tho; Now York custom-house. It
may ?jeem a little odd, but it in neverthe
less true that tho necklace has never
beed.appraiscd by the officials. Nor
do tho owners evince any great curiosity
to nsertain its real value. This is per
haps attributable to discretion, says the
World, and calls to mind the famous
Portuguese rough diamond exhibited
in the palace at Lisbon. This diamond,
though it is ns large as a hen's egg and
weighs over eight hundred carats, has
nev?r beon subjected to the tests ot*
cutting niul polishing, simply becauso
there is doubt, about it. For there are
experts in the trade who pronounce it
to bo merely a very fine piece of chrys
olite. Half the charm of the Khe
dive's present would vanish if this cel
ebrated necklace were tested by the
appraiser's art. Tho Jewelers' Circu
lar for "March Rives nu excellent draw
ing of the necklace, anil says of it :
" The estimates of the value of these
jewels hare boen exaggerations beyond
all precedent, aud $10,000 really repre
sents tho most liberal valuation thal
cnn be put upon them, the number and
size of tho diamonds aro so counter
balanced by their oft-color. " Tho Khe
dive has probably never seen th? neck
lace ; and he would hardly be pleaded
to leura that those who were intrusted
with the order in Paris had nu eye to
quantity rather than to quality in mak
ing the purchase. This omat.euf con
tains, it is said, about seven hundred
and seventy brilliants of all r-izes, from
a sevon or eight oarnt stone to Borne as
small HS one-twefth of a oarat. Tho
aggregate weight of the diamonds is at
least 5100 carats; but the quality is what
is known as Capo Bywater-a quality
of diamonds technically described as
being of "off-color," ana they are well
paid for,at 8100 per carat, cost of set
ting and all included. Tho duty at 25
per conk, on tho jewels would at the
utmost only be $10,000.
The Dress-Patiern Trade.
The Vow York correspondent of tho
Boston Journal writes : " A great busi
ness liga grown up apparently out of
nothing The business i;-t tho making
of dresurbatlorns out of a flimsy sort of
paper A?ade for that purpose The
aaiour?-ot business done is simply mar
velony.^/^feongbd&la?l?? m-*ho back
woods^', in tho country, and in the re
motcattaud sparsest districts can at the
cost of, a dime or so secure tho latest
fashi?n? for themselves and children.
Ono o?r these establishments sued a
house it? New York on a note given for
goods delivered. The defense set up
was that thero was no considera1 ion. A
qunatitV of goods were brought into
court arid their flimsy textures exhibited
to the inspection of the intelligent jury.
The jury gave a verdict for tue defend
ant 00 tho ground that there was no
property in such material. Yet the
dealings in this frail fabric are hardly
equaled by any other branch of trade.
One house does ?100,000 worth of trade
a year. The paper is manufactured
expressly for the work, and is sent into
tho city tons at a time. A single order
exhausts 5,000 reams. This house has
1,000 agencies. They oro in every part
of the United Statos, in Cunada, oud
ucross tho spas. Ord? ra toi patterns
com? in from ?25 to ?1,000. The largest
establishments in New York, Brooklyn,
Philadelphia, and Chicago buy ?500
worth nt a time. One hundred and
fifty hands are kept constantly at work
to meet the orders. And yet a New
Jersey jury affirms that thero is.no mar
ket value in this business."
The Great Work.
A ' telegram from Nevada says the
Sutro tunnel, which has reached a
length of 9,000 feot, has approached
within ouo hundred feet of shaft No. 2,
which is filled with water to a depth of
eight hundred and seventy-five feet.
From this point a diamond drill has
been started, successfully tapping this
great column of water, which it was
feared might drown overy man in the
tunnel beforo it could have been possi
ble to escape. The workmen cnn now
approach within twenty five feet of the
column, when a great number of holes
will bo bored to lot the water off alto
gether. As an additional means of
safety, a bulkhead, suggested by an
officer of tho United States engineer
I corps, is constructed, with a tunnel of
sufficient strength to withstand a press
ure of 2,000 tons, with a self-shutting
gate only sufficiently large to allow
ears to pass, which gate* tho approach
ing rush of water closes, giving tho
workmen time to escape in tho event of
a midden flood. The amount of water
flowing from the tunnel will ho in
crease i to about ono hundred miner's
inches. The connection with shaft No.
2 will insure good ventilation. Tho
tunnel a* thia pomt entere the mineral
bell in whfch Ibu Comstock lode is
-Ttni great Bessemer steamship,
which wis to abolish the horrors of the
Elicited C?.atnie), has been tried and in
only a partiel succors, The ship steamed
from Hull to Gravesend in a gale of
wind and proved an excellent P>. a boat
aud fast. lier two faults appear to be
an excess of draught and tho unstead
iness of bor movable saloon. Tho form
er is partly accounted for by an oxtra
supply of coal, and may bo got rid of
in one way or another-munt bo got
rid pf before sho can enter Calais on an
ordinary tide. AH to the saloon it ap
ponrs that the mochinory intended to
control it, and to neutralize, so far as
? it iscoucornodjthe movemont of tho ship,
in in some way defeotivo. The saloon
can bo handled with ease, but cannot
be kept still ; in other words, shares
I tho motion of tho ship. Theso facta
aro gathered form a letter written to
the London TimeH by Lord Henry Len
nox, who came in tho Bhip, and who ex
plaids that the present trouble arises
partly from some wrong arrangement
of the lavers and partly from the inex
perience of the man who works them.
Tho Golden Rule of Agriculture.
riants live a double life. They have
a two fold nutrition-mineral and or
ganic. Their mineral food is derived
from the RO*1 and tho organio from tho
air. While the organio constituents of
plants are generally uniform, by a strict
analysis of their ashes it is discovered
that tho different olassefl are marked by
the prevalence of certain mineral ele
ments. Some abound in potash, others
in lime, some in phosphates and others
in silica. Different parts of the Bame
plant have also their preponderating
elements. Thus it appears that the
reason why nil crops aro not. suited to
tho samo soil is a variation of the min
eral elements. All crops ore not suited
to tho same soil, and mainly because it
is deficient in certain mineral elements,
or they exist in too large quantities.
The fertilization of soils is the ad
dition to the soil of suitable pabulum
for tho growth and development of
plnnts. If allowed sufficient time,
plantR can extract, organio materials
from tho surrounding atmosphere to
attain a vigorous growth; yet if we ap
ply to their roots manures yielding am
monia, carbonic aoid, nitrogen, etc., we
?mpplement the atmospheric supply and
hasten their development. Liquid ma
nures are, thereforo, of high value, as
their action is immediate and powerful.
But if this policy is long continued it
will exhaust the poluble mineral ele
ments in tho soil and render it com
paratively worthless. Hence, in all
permanent systems of agriculture, min
eral f(utilizers can no more be dispensed
with than organic.
Long-continued oropping removes;
from the soil all tho available minerul
constituents of plaut food, unless we
restore to the soil in the shape of ma
nures exactly what is lost in tho crop.
Thip, then, is the golden rule of agri
culture. By failing to heed this im
p?t taut principle millions of aores of
the choicest land have become worth
h ss, and millions more nre now under
going the same ruinous process.
Wo should economizo overy source of^
fertilil y. Manure heaps should, all ?be
sprinkled with some absorbent, such as
gypsum or diluted s lphurio aoid, to
prevent tho escape of ammonia, liquid
excretions preserved in tanks that none
of it nany be wasted, ashes saved and
spread on tho fields. Compost heaps
should.be formed where all refuse-ani-.
mal or vegetable-may bo utilized ; and
while the accumulation of filth and
noisome odors is prevented, the soil is
enriched and farming wade remunera
tive. With fertilizers tho careful farmer
jun accomplish much ; without them he
mn accomplish nothing,-Cor. Ameri
can Farm Journal.
Boys and Farming.
Farmers' sons upon arriving at a cer
ain age often beoomo diBsatin?ed with
ihoir vocation. In New England the
majority of the boys leave the farm at
tho age of eighteen or twenty. Why is.
this ? Porhaps the most potent reason
is aversion to hard work or a mistaken
idea of ita ignominy. One reason why
boys leave the farm in tho west lies in
the fact that so many farms are so iso
lated that neighbors are few and far
between. The boy who toils day after
ilay in the field mingles very little in
society. He longs for associ?tes and
neighborly influences.
Many farmers are so absorbed in
work and profit as to caro very little for
outward appearances. I will illustrate
a case : It was a riokety-looking place;
the buildings had been long out of re
pair. The barn and ita accompani
ments were close by the house. A big
hay stack occupied a prominent posi
tion, with which the winds aud unruly
members of the barn-yard hud raised
sad havoc. Near by was the hog-pen,
whose aroma was anything but pleasant
to the sense. The intorvoning ground
was soattered profusely with old logs,
cartB and wagons. What wonder I'B it
that the boy gets tired of such slovenly
farming as that, and thnt tho familiar
scenes of homo are not attractive?
AB he grows up into manhood he re
solves to get into some genteel business.
" Farming will do very well for the old
folks ; but I've had enough of it ; I'll
go to tho city and seok my fortune."
He sees tho well-drepsed clerk afc the
counter. Visions of wealth fill his
mind as he views the Btately columns
that industry has founded. " I'll be a
merchant !" he says to himself. A situ
ation is secured with a salary of two or
throe hundred dollars a jear ; he may
in time be promotor! ; but bis chances
t?f suco PS are small. Where one mer
chant succeeds, thirty becomo bank
Boys, koep out of the city ; it is over
crowded already. Seek employment
t>lsowhoro. Farmers, beautify your
homes ; Btrive to make them so attract
ive that your boys will bo reluctant to
leave. Provide a library for your fam
ily, and teach tho boys to farm by the
ory aa woll as by practice. Don't com
plain of hard times and tho uncertainty
of oropB, but tell them of the nobility
of ngricnlture as a life-calling, itfl inde
pendence over all other employments,
and without which no branoh of indus
try could flourish. Ilise up, then, ye
sturdy sonB of the soil. " Buckle on
thine armor," and oanBo tho barren
waste to glow with fruitfulness.-" Un
ale Ned " in Western Rural.
-A Scotch maiden, upon her lover
remarking, "1 think I'll marry thee.
Jane," replied . "I would be muokle
obleeged to ye if ye would."
They called him tiddy ickle- Bing,
And soothing syrups they did Diing
To atom tho rising squall.
In vain they sought for soorot pin,
And gavo him peppermint and gin
Yet loader did lie bawl.
Beneath bia petticoats hie foot,
Like- littlo mice who pussy meet,
Did twist and twirl about ;
And, oh ! he roared in such a way- *
No costard Belier blithe and gay
Gives half BO loud a shout.
Ria toara an instant coaso to flow
Anon ho wildly squeals, aa thongb
Some iloa had bit him badly.
Poor pa, bo riaoa up in ire,
Strong argument doea him inspire
, Thinge ond for baby sadly.
-Go and buy a cow right away. A
WieoonHin cow came homo the other
night with a bag of gold on her horn.
-Ohio has a new religious seat called
the EtornaliBts, and they are eternally
fighting to see who shall load thom.
-A fashionable Paris dress-maker
announces that "ladies' ehrondB are
now oat d?collette." .
--A postal oard picked up on the
street at Norwich, Gonn., the other
day, bore this solemn appeal: "Deer
mary for luv of God send me a paro of
pants.' 1
-A Vermont lady fainted away at a
party, anti, when a young man cried
out for some one to saw her corset
strings in two, she arose, drew a pair of
r-hearB, and said she'd like to see 'om
-A wonderful exhibition has been
opened at Brussels. It is a colleotion
of about 100 landscapes of great merit,
painted by a boy named Fritz Ker
nhove, of Bruges, who died an idiot
at eleven years of age.
-Hats are flaring, with broad brims
turned up, or turned down, or raised,
so BB to display branches of trimming
under the brim on one side. They are
picturesque and pretty, and are vastly
becoming to young faceB.
-From a young lady in town to her
friend in the country : " I'm sitting on
the latest spring style, Mary," And,
jadging by the number of monstrous
buttons one sees in the fashion-plateB,
a very uncomfortable seat it must be.
Too b?d a^oul ilriia}r]ftotareh I
a Sho wanted to sit ont Jury ;
_Rut the. roan who .b???:80t on.\-.-. -
Didn't W?BB to be Botot^-Z^r*
I'm sorry for slater Knturoh
-Great preparations are- afloat air
Trieste for the unveilinpr the-statue
erected to the memory of Maximilian.
Invitations have been sent to all the
companies who served under the em
peror in Mexico.
-Cardinal Manning, in accordance
with a usual custom, will take his title
from Borne church in Rome, and has
selected the church of St. Gregory,
after whom he will be called. If by
any possibility ho should be elevated to
the papacy, he would therefore become
Popo Gregory XVII.
-A gigantic swimming bath, com
posed of iron and roofed in with plate
glass, haB been moored in the Thames
at London. Tho water that is admitted
to it flows through a thick bod of ohar
ooal, nnd is so effectually filtered that it
sparkles and glistens as if it were drawn
from an artesian well.
-Johnny saved himself troublo bnt
lost marks in his definition exercise the
other day. He got bravely through
"presbyter," which he found, by look
ing it out, to bo one who had had the
layinc-on of hands by tho presbytery.
The next word was "dissenter," and in
an evil moment Johnny, without turn
ing a leaf in his dictionary, wrote,
"ono who has had tho dysentery."
-The following harmless (if hard) hit
we find in one of our English exchanges.
The"dootur" referred to, it will be
perceived, is a reverend doctor :
"I cannot praise tho doctor's oyeB,
I novor saw his glance divine";
He always shuts them when he prays,
And when he preaches ho ehuta mine."
-The present programme of the Brit
ish nrctio expedition proposes that the
two veanels shall leave Portsmouth
about the latter end of May, and taking
the usual route to Baffiu's Bay, en
deavor to pass np Smith's Sonnd. In
81 deg! ces or 82 degrees north latitude
they will probably separate, and while
ono will exploro tho northern coast of
Greonland, tho other will push still
further northward.
Ripley, of Columbus, is sixteen years of
age, and feeling that the', time had como
when she Bhonld commence her work
in behalf of humanity, she hired a hall
and invited the publie to come and hear
her leoturo on " Social Topics." Mary
began as follows: "Ladies and gen
tlemen : If there were no men in the
world there would bo fewer poor, mis
erable girls wandering-" Mary pro
ceeded no f nrther in her diaoonrfle, be
cause at that point her father walked
upon the platform and led her ont of
the house by the ear.
tured aborigines, who, aooordiog lo
accounts, must bnvo numbered aa high
as two or three millions in the island
of Cuba, a writer says, hRve been near
ly extirpated. Thousands perished
from overworking for invaders, who
treated them as slaveB ; thousands were
shot and lacerated by dogs ?s if they
were game ; and thousands were killed
by foolish and bloody Spaniards, who
had made a vow to slangbter every
morning thirteen heathens in honor of
the Savior and the twelve apostles. It
is, therefore, not to be wondered at that .
the Antillenos knowingly committed
tho Buiuido of their entire race by
solemnly pledging their women not to
bear children.

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