ORANGEBURG, S. C.
E. A. WEBSTER, A. M. Editor.
ONE Cory, ONE YEAR, - - - ?2.00
Invariably in Advance.
And I will conic near to you to judgement; mut
I will bc a swift witness ngninst thu sorcer
ers, am) against the adult?rer.-, and against
false swearers, and against those that op
press tho hireling In I?H wages, thc widow I
ami thc fatherless, and that turn aside the 1
stranger from Ins right, and fear not me,1
Buith the Lord of Hosts.-MA LAC III, III, 5.
Vfo.aro. not responsible for thc views of our
Advertisements to tic inserted in thc CITIZEN I
must bo received by Thursday evening.
Advertisements inserted nt OnoJIollar per
inch, for tho first insertion. Further terms can
Toe lindon upplicntion to thc Editor or Publisher.
Communications on matters of Stato or Local
interest, respectfully solicited.
Ail orders for Job Printing left nt this of?lcc
will receive prompt attention,
Agents nnd Correspondents wanted in all
Towns of tho County.
SATURDAY, NOV. 20, 1875.
This body will soon* meet at the
State capitol. Thc people arc look
ing foward to its meeting, with more
than, ordinary interest. It seems that
eur Governor has not, as yet, signed
the tax levy bill which passed near
the close of thc last session. The
failure of Solomon's Bank, in which
the State had largely deposited, has
afforded another excuse for non
payment from the State Treasury,
and many who had claims against the
Stale are short of pnj'mcnts from
that source. N;o taxes can be levied
and collected while we have no law
to enforce it. It will require prompt
legislation, or at least harmony be
tween the executive and legislative
departments of the government to
relieve . State finances by collection
tax.es for the present year,
f iijjBlgovernmeut as well as the i
but there is no wise economy in neg
lecting to pay just debts, and it can
not be wise for the State long to neg
lect to put in operation the means to
meet existing* obligations. The
(Jnion Herald in referring to this
"We have eight circuit judges and
one supreme judge to elect. The
selection of these will test the patrio
tism, capacity and wisdom of the
members. Personal or political
83'mpathy ought not to be the sole
guides of a member in his vote for a
judge. To inflict a venal or incompe
tent judge upon the people is the
.worst political crime a party can
j? commit. We have faith to believe
that schemes and slates will be bro
ken, and each candidate will stand
upon his record and his merits when
the test vote is taken.
The State House has been brushed
np, the chairs have been mended,
there is fuel in thc cellars, ]wid for,
enough to keep all warm, without thc
heat of debate ; the stationery is
ready to distribute, Joe and Jones
are on the ground, and everything be
tokens the beginning of a session,
and even an ill-used editor will be
glad to see it open.
Citizens Not Free! g
Thc Union Herald playfully asks
ns if we know of any American
citizens that are not free? We think
we might find some of that sort. How
any man can bo free without power
to act seems it mystery. We are told
* ihat knowledge is power, what shalt
we say, then, of those who are trav
eled with ignorance, and have not thc
ability to thick for themselves, or
even to write their own names, but
are. obliged to get others to think,
and even wrftc for them, and, possi
bly to read and interpret tho ballots
they cast? No birr] can fly without
wings, nor even with them, unless he
has learned bow to use-them. Thc
chain of ignorance with which its vic
tims aro bound cannot be in keeping
with dictates and aspirations of' real
? ? , ,- i ... jg n.iuii.iii'.^nnif -J ;-r?-x
Some American citizens ure tuc
tools ot' pnrt3r. They tamely work
under party leaders, and in slavish
plight do their bidding. Any meas
ure is adopted that the party may
dictate, and any person sustained for
oilicc who can worm themselves into 1
party nominations^ whether wise or '
foolish, honest or dishonest. ??Such !
persons enjoy no more of real free- !
dom than thc unllcdged birds who oe- '
cupy thc nests they foul, and open '
their mouths tamely to swallow all 1
that is oflcrcd to their indiscriminate 1
-There arc those who have become 1
the slaves of some master passions '
that they struggle in vain to resist, 1
who, like thc poor miser, does not
possess goldj but thc gold possesses
him, and in cringing obedience to the
dictates of mammon, he is "starved in
this world, and damned in that to
come." Others have fostered habits
until they arc bound by its fetters,
and, like thc poor drunkard, they re
solve in vain to rid themselves of the
coils of thc monster that has grown
two powerful for their wasted ener
? gics and depicted strength.
The world is yet too full of those
who have made shipwreck of their
faith, and all that was once dear in
the cherished inventory of virtuous 1
manhood, and are now floating on
the current of sinful indulgence,
dreaming of peace and safety while
sudden destruction is coming upon
Those who enjoy and follow thc
dictates of genuine freedom are not
found in the haunts of dissipation and
crime-they are net tho inmates of
our jails and prisons ; and knowing
thc right they do not thc wrong per
sue, but are true to God, themselves
and the interests of humanity. It is [
a painful truth, too obvious to be de
nied, that many of thc citizens of our
country do not enjoy thc blessings of 1
The'Governor's Charleston Speech.
The Washington Star says :
"The hearty reception given to
Gov. Chamberlain by the chamber of
commerce of Charleston, and the con
gratulations he received upon the
reforms of his administration and the
increasing prosperity of South Caro
lina, ought to cenvey a wholesome
lesson to the northern men whom ac
cident has made chief executives of
southern states. Governor Chamber
lain has apparently fulfilled his
pbdges in good faith, and the result
is, that his labors in behalf of the
state arc fully appreciated by the
people. Thc case of Gov. Chamber
lain forcibly illustrates the truth of
the proverb, 'Honesty is the best pol
icy,' even in politics."
Wc have no doubt our Governor has
faith in that old proverb and that he
will practice himself the same good
doctrine he so elegantly commends to
the attention of others. There is no
honesty in the willful neglect to pay
an honest debt. That our legislature
are begining to appreciate that fact
appears in the Tax Levy bill passed
at the last session, at least in thc
levy of one fifth of a mill to pay in
trust due on the State Agricultural
THE NKWS AND COURIER TO HE EN
LARGED.-As many of our readers
know there is always something in
the News and Courier worth reading.
Those who read it arc not obliged to
endorse all it says. Thc publishers
announce its enlargement and say.
"Early next month,' we hope to
greet our readers wi tira paper con
taining the equivalent ofeigbt addi
tional columns of space? This will
enable U3 to do full justice to readers
and advertisers alike, and ,to give* a
journal which we trust wi?? bo in no
respect unworthy of thc prosperity
and prospects of Charleston" .
Wo are glad to notice this indica
tion of the prosperity of tho principal
daily paper of thc largest city of out
An Honest Face.
Physiognomy illustr?tes character
and character impresses itsclfi on
physiognomy. No man can know
himself lo bo mean and not huz.cst
anti not show it lo some extent in
Liis very countenance. If a man is a I
moak thief and would put bis hand!
in another man's pocket, for Iiis wal
let or steal trust funds, mid leeds
himself and his family, and Lrcats his
friends on stolen money, the very I
fact of conscious infamy und mean
ness will burn, not only into his; con
science, if he has one, but even into
Iiis face and look out th rougit Lis
eyes telling thc painful convictions
of his own being, lt would, 'oe foi lu
nate for some men we knofl even in
South Carolina, if they did no change
their characters to change Sr&rnueir
faces, and if they looked liku honest
men they would hardly know them
selves in a glass.
Thc reverse of this is true an hon
est man is likely to carry rn honest
face. Thc one incident in which Liv
ingstone thought he had reason to ho
proud, is thoroughly characteristic,
and we give it in his own words :
"Grandfather could give particu
lars of the lives of his ancestors for
six generations of the family before
him ; and thc only point of tho tra
dition I feel proud of is tins; Ono
of these poor, hardy islanders was le
nowned in thc district for great wis
dom and prudence, and it is related
that when he was on his death-bed,
he called his children around him and
said : 'Now, in m}' life ti inc, I have
searched most carefully through all
the traditions I could lind of our fam
ily, and I never could di-eovcr that
there "was a dishonest man among our
forefathers. If, therefore, an t ol you
or hny^oTy^oiit children ." . 11 ' kc
to dishonest ways, it wilL,p?t be be
cause it runs our blood ; ^?t^ocs not
bolong to you. 3 leav'ff ?u.* - . pt
with you : Be honest.'
A writer in the British (Quarterly]
"This moral heir-loom of iis fam
ily entered very deeply into ll", na
ture of the great traveller. Ju Iiis
face, as we remember it, there was,
with all its kindliness of expr?s- ion,
a sort of troubled earnestness of out
look, as though the upright soul wilh
werc always on the watch for the
straightest^ way to the end in view.
It was not suspicion ; for his keen
discernment of character waa always
exercised in detecting grounds of
truth rather than analyzing the cor
rupt motives of hypocritical pretense.
But he did not regard an honest life
as an easy one. It was lo li i m al
ways the "fight of faith," not in any
speculative, but in a strictly practi
cal sense. And lo a gentleness of
nature which exercised a wonderful
charm over savage men, he added an
ostentatious but indomitable firmness
that always seemed standing front to
front with some invisible foe.
The Bible and Intemperance.
"The darkest neighborhood which
I visited was in a narrow valley in
C-, without a minister, without
a church or Sunday school, and where
Sunday is spent in fishing and hunt
ing and nut gathering. In this val
ley I called on a notorious inebriate,
and found him in bcd ?trying to sleep
o(T the effects of a drunken debauch.
With spmo effort ho. was induced to
come down from his chamber, saying
he knew he looked hard, anU was
ashamed to see us. Ho needed a
Bi1)?e, but had spent all his money,
imd his neighbor who accompanied
-me advanced two dollars, and bought
him an octavo copy. Ile said ho
knew it would bc much better for him
to give up drinking and begin to read
the Bible. "Can you give up drink
ing?" I asked. "I myst give it up,
or it will kill me," ho ?said "rid T
IWJ'mjL'JgJJUJU ll ?IM
believe I can if I try." "Would you
lather die than give it up?" I asked.
.'No, I would rather give it up than
die," said he. "Will you sign a
pledge if I write one?" I asked. He
said, "1 have half a mind to."" "I
will write a pledge, if you will sign
it," I continued. "I will sign it for
one year," said he. And he wrote as
follows : "I, lt. F., do hereby pledge
my word and honor, that after Octo
ber 1st, 1873, 1 will neither touch,
taste, nor handle anything that will
intoxicate, for thc space of one year,
so help mc God." And bc signed it,
and his neighbor and I signed it as
witnesses. By this time bc was very
much in earnest, and be said, "I am
now in my right mind, and I know
what I am doing. If I can keep that
pledge one year I can keep it ten. I
will have Mr. S. to write this pledge
on thc first blank page in this new
Bible ; and I will sign it with ink and
keep it where I can often look at it ;
and if there is any strength or honor
in mc, I will keep it. I am glad you
came to see me. I had no expecta
tion of anything like this happening
to-day. This is a good day's work
for mc. -Give me your address ; for
if 1 can keep this pledge I shall want
to write you a letter. . Will not my
poor wife rejoice ! Will not my em
ployer be glad ! Ile talked of dis
charging me, but now bc will not
need to do it. There is no man in
this valley that can earn more money
than I can, if I only let lkpior alone."
-Bible Agents' Report.
How to Get Out of it.
A man rose in the Fulton street
prayer-m-jcting, who had been a
drunkard for twem\y years, and has
now been sober for four years, and is
an earnest Christina man. Ile said
on his way to thc meeting he was
accosted by rum-seller, who wished
him to ti^tr th-.-, prayers of the meeting
for him. '-What! for you? Have
you got out of thc rum traffic ?"
"No !" he answered, and I do not
know how to get out." "Well, I will
tell you. Roll your barrels into thc
street, and knock in the beads, and
walk away from the trafile." "Yes,
and leave my family to starve !"
"No! they won't starve in quitting
wrong and doing right. Get right
first, and then ask for prayer to keep
right." This rumseller is not two
squares from this meeting.
Another man rose and said bc was
an ale-brewer, and he wanted to tell
what the Woman's Temperance Move
ment bad done for him. "I went
into my place and looked around,
and I said this is all wrong ; and I
made up my mind there and then
that I never would manufacture drink
or sell another drop. I just closed
up the place and walked out-a man
out of business-and to that I will
never return. I am done with it for
ever. And all this I o/c to tho Wo
man's Temperance Crusade, as it is
called. I want you to pray for me.
I make a sacrifice, but I am willing
to make it. Pray for me."-Christ
SUDOKN INFLUENCES.-It is thc
squall that upsets thc boat, while tho
steady wind crowds hard upon it but
only drives it right along towards its
destined port. The slow force of the
steady current may press it in vain
against thc dam, but once let the
pent-up waters above break away and
come with a sudden burst, and yields
to the instant pressur?, and coes down
before the torrent. Tho slow, gentle
action of thc electric current is harm
less, and often healthful, but thc con
centrated flash and burning bolt smite
to swift destruction.
So it is with sudden influences on
the impulsive and impetuous natures
of man. The approach stealthily
and strike quickly. Unwatchful and
unaware of tho coming blow, wc arc
im-im.i-.??., 7| T.-i. ? II?,. ? - -P
overwhelmed aiuf fall. Sometimes
Satan strikes at a man as the light
ning strikes out of the cloud. He
secs not thc.suntling hand, he knows
not of its presence until he feels the
fiery blow. Then it is that human
resolutions bend before" the hot blast
from hell. Thc struggle is often ter
gtOUTII CAROLINA RAILROAD.
CHARLESTON, S. C., Fcl). 10, 1875.
On and aller Tuesday, February 16th, thc fol
lowing changes in Schedule of this Road wil
go Into ollcut :
COLUMBIA DAY PASSENGER THAIN.
Leave Charleston - - - 6.45 A M
Arrive at Columbia ... 12.60 P M
Len vu Columbia ... 4.30 p M
Arrive ?it Charleston - - - 11.45 1* M
AUGUSTA DAY PASSENGER THAIN.
Leave Charleston . - . 7.pn j' M
Arrive at Charleston - - . (?.35 A AI
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston ... 7.00 p R|
Arrive ut Columbia - - - 8.30 AM
Leave Columbia ... 7.15 p M
Arrive at Charleston . - - 0.35 A M
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston ... 8.30 P M
Arrive at Charleston - 6.30 A M
The Columbia Day Passenger Trains, which
leave at 7 A. M. and arrive ut 11.30 P. M. will
(between Charleston und Branchville) Btop only
ut Summerville und George's. This applies both
to the up and down tripe.
By Ulla new Schedule a close connection will
bc maile with thc Charlotte, Columbia and Au
gusta Railroad at their Crosslin; near Columbia,
which will avoid the transfer through Columbia
and give us as Quick a schedule to washington
und points North us by the other route.
Sleeping Curs on nil night trains. Baggag
checken through. t?. S. SOLOMONS,
s. B. PicitBNBj G. T. A. Superintendent
AN OTJFIT FREE.--STSs
in every county to la*:e ardors and deliver goods
Cor the obi ami oviginal C. O. D House large
casli wages, ff piCiid'.? chasco iii every neigh
borhood, lbv i.ic righc person of citiier sex,
young or old. Samples, nev; lists, circulars,
tenus, etc., a complete outfit sent Free and post
paid. Scnp fer it at once and make moncv at
your homes. Address H. J. HALL & Co., 0, N.
Howard Street, Baltimore, Md.- nov.l3-14-3m.
EMPLOYMENT. - ? =
we have Just what you need. Our 0x11 Ilounted
Chromos outsell anything in the market. Mr.
Persons writes : "I struck out yesterday, and
by working easy four hours, cleared $7." A
lady has just reported her profits for thc fore
noon as five dollars; yesterday up to 2 o'clock
she cleared seven and a half dollars. We can
prove beyond <|iicsiion that one agent ordered
ft.nixi of these chromos in eleven working days.
We have thc finest and largest assortment in
tile United States; hundreds of choice subjects
from which lo select. Wc will send you un as
sorted one hundred of the best selling on re
ceipt of six dollars. Send in your order of give
us a call. Sample by mail 25c... or Vi for 1.
J. LATHAM & Co.,
410 Washington st., Boston, Mass.
P. O. Box 2151 Oct. 30-13-Cm.
OOK AGENTS and GOOD SALESMEN aro
COINING MONEY" willi thc famous
Tin- French edition of which sells for SIT?, and I
,' tunion edition for $200. our populai edi !
lion MO. containing over one hundred full
page i|liarto plate-, is the clicapest and must
ulcguiil publications in America, and Ibo beat I
to sell. Cvitico vie willi euch othor tn praising
lt, und tho masses bm it.
Aiicnt ia oiiailesion, s. . reports M orders;
onu in N'nii't Six, S. C., 100; one in Va., ?hit; an
other in Memphis, 200 orders tuhen in three
FULL PARTICULARS FREE. Address
J. IS. FOUI) A CO., Publishers,
27 Park Place, New York.
Attorney & Counselor at Law
GLOVER & GLOVER,
Attorneys n. t XuSX. -w
No 5, LAW RANGE,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
OHAS. S. BULL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, UNITED STATES
Orangeburg, S. O
Business faithfully and promptly al
OFFICE for thejiresent in with A. B.
Orangeburrr, Jan. 23, 1875.
\YLOR FORDHAM AND LAWRENCE
Attorneys at Law,
Ofiices at Charleston and Orangcbug.
L. J. TAYLOR, J. HAMMOND FORDHAM,
F. D. LAWRENCE.
fc?)r~\Specinl attention given to the col
lcetion of elaims and prompt-return
I made. * ^
Orangeburg, Marelr 20, 1875.
u. A. c/a>TJK?s,
Dealer in all kinds of;
Drugs and Medicines.
Dr Dukes has had Nine Years Experi
ence in Drugs and Medicines and thorouh
ly understands Iiis business. Ho keeps
constantly on a large supply of Goods
usually found In a ,
Firstrclass Drug Store.
'^".Careful attention paid to the com
pounding of Prescriptions and all orders
promptly attended to. Call on him at
hia Popular Dnig Store.
Orangeburg, Feb. 13,1S75.
Q_KASU OPENING t
I will open this morning a lot of the- '
Finest Teas, .
ever offer ed ih this market, co si
UNCOLORED JAPAN OOLONGS,
And In order to cultivate a trade for
these fine grades I will sell them .
I have also received this morning another
Solomon's Fancy Flour
Fresh ground and Made especially
for mc from the
JtTijucst Selected Wkeat,
I have never had a ooinplalnt of
this brand of i.our.
IMPORTANT NOTICE 1
Inferior KEROSENE OIL is" ao dan
gerous and so many accidents have oc
curred from its use, 1 have been induood,
at the repeated solicitation of my custo
mers, to purchase a supply of pure Oil
for their usu. 1 1-ave just receive tan
PURE WHITE KEROSENE
Of 124 fire test. I will sell ibis Paro
Oil cheaper than the same grade of Oil
can be sold at in this city. Families U6e
ing this Oil are safe. The use of the
common Oils now
FLOODING THE MARKET
is equivalent to bringing into tho family
destruction and deuth !
I have also received :
10 Tierces Fresh Cured Davis' Hams,
10 Boxes Cream Cheese,~direct from
25 Firkins Goshen Butter, direct from
thc Dairy, which has all tho
freshness and flavor of the flow
5 Tierces of Baltimore Sugar-Cured
10 Barrels of Extra Mess Mackerel,
averaging* twenty ounces.
25 Sacks Lagaayra Coffee^ equal to
50 Sacks of assorted Rio, by last Rio'
With a full supply 6i
Frosh iii 1 > > I.
My stock is full, with prices low and
good times coming.
Thanking Ibo public for their very llb
eral patronage, and soliciting its contin
uance, I will do my best to merit, the
Columbia. S.o. Ga.
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