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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, December 04, 1875, Image 1

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E. A. WEBSTER. Editor and Proprietor. A Weekly Paper Devoted to Temperance, Literature and Polities.
j . . - XR> ? _,_. ." ...... ... , ..V-l_
Gu inonu's remains have been laid
away in the grave, after all, unattended
by rioting or,disorder of any kind.
Tine Spanish government bas opened a
competition for composers of a national
air. Can it be possible that all this time
.Spain luis been without a national air?
No wonder it is constantly in a slate of
distraction. What would this country
have been without Yankee Doodle?
THE newly arrived daughter of the
duchess of Edinburgh increases Queen
Victoria's tally of grandchildren to
twenty-seven, twenty-four of whom are
still alive, and that of her total living
progeny to thirty-three, including three
unmarried children and the Princess
Louise, who is married, but without
family. _
WHEN you grumble at hard times and
crippled industries, just cast your eyes
over the big water and look at France,
with ono .hundred and twenty-three
thousand industrial establishments, and
giving work to about one million eight
hundred men. At least two-thirds of
these are now losing a month's time and
wages in order to drill for a future war.
THE explosion and destruction of thc
ironclad Magenta makes thc.se.condves.se]
ol this kind lost by the French govern
ment within two months. Thc sinkinj.
of the English vessel Vanguard, withii
the same period, by the tap of thc spin
of a neighboring vessel, is beginning t<
weaken confidence in tho durability o
IN Michigan's population of 1,300,001
there arc (?0,327 more males than females
In Massachusetts there arc 60,000 mor
females than males. Under such circuni
stances it would seem eminently prope
for the Michigan male surplus lo rclicv
Massachusetts of her female surplii!
Doubtless the Massachusetts wome
would be more than willing.
THE annual report of the commissionc
of education contains many ( interestjn
-.?"V-~..:?'?f Wcr-'Th?ro'?ro'?nrbtlc.<l' i
public schools upwards of 8,000,000 pi
pils, with an average daily attendance t
4,i5OO,O00. The estimated population b
tween six and sixteen years is 10,500,00
To support these children in school co
last year $74,000,000. ;
THE fate of tho passengers and crew
thc Oily of Waco is yet unsolved. Tl
theory that the oil stored on deck igniti
from thc lightning and set fire to t!
vessel, wrapping her entirely in tl
llames in a few moments, giving the pi
songera no time to escape the awful deat
seems the most probable. If so, it ie o
of the most terrible catastrophes of X
year. _
CANADA has indulged in tho past
some exceedingly lofty l>oasting as to t
superiority of her buildings over tilt
erected on this side of tho frontier. T
bursting of the grain elevator at Lei
ville, however, is calculated to che
suck boasting in thc futuro. The stn
ture was of the " cheap and nasty" ort
of architecture, and its fall scattered 4
000 bushels of grain to thc winds a
the pigs.
A NOTICEABLE thing nlxmt t
monthly meeting of the Massachusc
Total Abstinence Society, held in Bostt
was a little speech by William B. Spool
on thc prevalence of drinking time
. clergymen, more than one-half of who
ho 8iii<l, drink wine. A largo major
of the Roman Catholic clergy drink
majority of tho Episcopalian and of
own denomination-tho Unitarian, so
of the orthodox and Baptist, but very I
ol thc Methodist or Universalista
THE British commissioner to our <
tennial has suggested, according to 1
ney, that the permanent buildings of
oxhibitior?should lie kept filled with
_ ^ threating objects, contributed each y
1 KO that there may bo a bi-ccnten
ready made in 107f>. Thia would h
good thing for Philadelphia, perhaps,
there is no certainty that thc rest of
\ country would find it cither pleasant
profitable. The coming centennial w<
bc nil .awful l>oro if we had delibera
begun preparing for it a century ago
A little matter of dispute has ca
thc disruption of a powerful Long IK
camp meeting asssociation. The dis
arose fror^tho setting up of a bil
saloon and Wvliug alloy on the gro
last suinmerN, Thc advocates of I
.. sinful games arWd in vain that
\ would attract to\ho grounds just
class which needed\ost tho .spirit'
camp meeting. Thch opponents 5V
not listen, but seceded r?nd have foi
' another association.
TiiETtE is consid?rablo discussion
difference of opinion as to how ra]
?S. Cl v
fish grow. A recent letter from England
says that a salmon weighing eighteen
pounds was caught in tho Severn, wear
ing a silver label. This was identified
and proved the tish to be one which was
caught six months before and returned
to tlie water. At thc time it weighed
nine pounds. That is, it had gained a
pound and a half for a month, or nearly
an ounce a day right along.
VAI.MAHKIIA has origninated a new
method of squcc/.ing money out of thc
loyal in Cuba in order to provide one of
thc recently arrived regiments with
horses, lie has deereed that a "sacred
contribution" of Ki per cent, on each
individual's laxes in Havana must forth
with lie handed in. As all thc money
necessary to pay the bills for the subju
gation of the Uliban insurgents must
come out of Gilba, Spain contributing
little or nothing, through inability to do
so, thc arrival of 8,000 troops must strike
dismay into thc hearts of the most loyal
of Alfonso's subjects and create much
COCOA differs widely from tea and
coffee, in liebig a food or flesh former,
while they aro rather condiments and
stimulants. One-half the weight of co
coa consists of fat, and 20 per cent, of
albuminoid material, whereas milk con
tains 3.5 per cent, of fat, and 4 per cent,
of albuminoid material; beef contains
2.87 per cent, of fat, and 20.75 of album
inoid matter; and wheat contains 1.2 per
cent of fat, and 14.6 lier cent of album
inoid material. In addition, cocoa con
tains starch"whieh is absent in milk and
beef, and present in but a small propor
tion in wheat.
A Huston merchant, who imports near
ly all the gutta percha which enters the
United States, writes to the. Scientific
American to say that " the only region
of production thus far discovered is the
East India islands in the immediate vi
cinity of Singapore." Tho principal usc
made. Of gutta percha is for insulating^
4?*l^^J?-i^?VOrP=aiiu S lof^e^fmei?ting.t
India rubber is collected in localities all
around thc globe between tho tropics.
The best conics from thc hanks of the
Amazon river. Brazil produces annually
aboiit 14,000,000 pounds, and the Central
American States, Africa, ami the East
Indies together about 15,000,000 pounds.
Thc consumption of India rubber is about
equally divided between thc United
States and Eurolie.
Tun report of thc commissioner of ed
ucation furnishes some statistics wjiich
aro a fair test sus showing the activity of
thc various religious denominations in1"
the matter of theological education. Thc
Catholic church leads with 18 seminaries,
144 puiffcnnors, 1,238.students. The Bap
tist d?nomination has 10 schools, 53 pro
fessors, and 038 students; tho Presby
terian has 15 schools, with 74 professors
and (517 students; the Lutheran church,
13 schools, 52 professors and 426 students;
the Protestant Episcopal, 12 schools, 56
professors and 291 students; thc Congre
gational has 8 schools, 50 professors and
802 pupils; tho Methodist. Episcopal has
7 schools, 58 professors and 821 scholars;
and thc Reformed church has 3 schools,
12 professors and 80 students; thc United
Presbyterians, Christians, Free Baptists
and Methodists have 2 schools each; and
thc Unitarians, African Methodist Epis
copal, Cumberland Presbyterian, Cern?an
Reformed, Methodist Episcopal South,
Moravian, Swcdcnborgian, Union Evan
gelical, United Brethren, and Universal
ista have 1 each.
Respect Tor Women.
Women are at a discount where there
is no civilization. Thus it is a notorious
fact that among tho natives of Africa the.
fair sex is moro honored in tho respect
which is shown to tho cow than in that
which tho heaven-sent companion of
man'elicits there. Women have nothing
to complain of in this on thc scoro of sex,
but may fairly insist that tho particular
members of their sex chosen for special
honor should bo of their own species.'
Thc superior respect accorded to cows,
too, is entirely at variance with thc spirit
of modern intelligence; and until the
men of Africa reverse thc present dis
tinction against tlie wives of their bosc-nis
in favor ol those who hold a less intimate
relation with them, there can he no fa
vorable result of missionary enterprise.
The difference is merely a zoological one
,-tho difference between a cow and a
horse. It is exceedingly difficult for the
missionary lo persuade a true disciple of
Mohammed that he should degrade his
horse in a position in his family inferior
lo that of a wife ; far more difficult, in
fact, than to convince a native African
that ho has transposed thc projier rela
tive positions of the mother of his chil
dren mid her too successful rival, the
mother, of his calves. In changing his
field of effort, indeed, from thc wivngo
stupidity of tho negro race to tho keen
intelligence of tho Arabic race, the mis
sionary finds himself further from, rather
than nearer to, thc highest civilization.
Full Lint ofSrimiurN. Re?iif?K*ulntIve>?. hurt
The regular session of tho National
Legislature will begin oh Monday, Dee.
6, and thc following list of .Senators and
Representatives will be convenient for
All tho elections to the Senate have
been made, ?ind thc list published, and
all scats, except one (Pinchhaek's) for
Louisiana, disposed of. In tho House
there is a vacancy in the Fourth Tennes
see District, caused by the death of Don.
John AV. Head. Hon. Samuel M. File,
who was then elected to the seat, died at
Little Hock, Ark., a few weeks since, and
lhere is still a vacancy; but ns there is
no lack of candidates it is expected tho
seat will bc occupied early in the session :
Republicans (marked R.), ll; Demo
crats (D.), 28; Independents (SMALL
CAPS), 2.
Alnlmnni.1871 I KT? Ooo. (loldthwnite. Dcm;
isfis lST'.i (.(.<>. K. Spencer. Kop.
Arkansas.IS7I 1877 Powell Clayton. Kop. 1
ism ls?'.i S. W. Dorney. Hen.
California. Is7.'i l*sl Nr.WTos IIHOTH. Ind. 1
187.1 IH7'.i A limn A. Snrwnt. Hep.
Connecticut.Is7.'? ISSI Wm. W. Luton. Dcm.
IAA7 1879 OrrlM S. Kerry. Kop.
Delaware.iw issi Tims, K. Ilayard. Dom.
Is7l IS77 KU SntilHlmry.Deni.
Florida.187.'. IS.S1 ('lins W. Jones. Deni.
187.1 IS7'.i S. ll. Conover. Hep.
i h m i-hi. 1871 1877 TIIOH. M. Norwood.... "ein
1873 IST'.I .h.hu 1). (?onion. Dem
Illinois. 1S7I Is77 John A. Lonau. Iti'ji.
ls7:i lS7'.i Itiehuril J. Oiticshy... Hep. ,
Imlhuiii. 187.'. ISSI .Ins. K. Mi P..iml.l. Dem. .
1ST.7 18711 Oliver 1?. Morton. Hep. ,
lowe. 1871 1877 (Soo. O. Wright. Hep. ,
ls?:! IS7'.I Wm. II. Allison. Hep. ,
KIHI- IM.is7.i IS77 J. M. Harvey. Hep.
1873 187? Jollll .1. Inenlls. Hep.
Kentucky. IS7I IS77 J. W. Stevenson. Dcm.
tsfis |M;?.I Thm. C. Mc'.'rcery..,. Dem.
Louisiana. IS7I 1877 J; Hoilinnii West. Hep.
1S73 is7?j e. It. S. Plnchhack... Hep.
Meine. ISIS ISSI lliuniil.nl Ilumliil. Hep.
ISM 1*77 l,ot M. Morrill. Hep.
MuHHiicllUhettM . ISTTl 1-77 tl. S. iioiitwoll. Hep.
; 1S7.'. issi Henry li. Dawes. Hep.
Miiryluud.!?".'? 1*81 Wm. 1'. Whyte. Dem.
1*73 l*7y Qco. lt. Dennis.Dem.
Michigan. 1875 18*1 1. P. Christiano-.Hep.
IS7I 1*77 TIIOH. W. Korry. Hep.
Minnesota. 187ft 1881 S. J. ll. McMiflnn.Hep.
IS71 I--I77 Wm. Windole. Hep.
Mississippi.1*7.'. 1881 I). K. llruce. Hep.
1S7I 1*77 .Ins. I.. Alcorn. Hep.
Missouri. 187ft ISSI K. M. t'oc.krcll. Dem.
Is7:i |s7'.i I-,'. V. llogy. Dem.
Nebraska. '?7.'. I**l \. H. Dnddock. Hep.
1S71 1*77 I?. W. Hitchcock. Hep.
Nevada.187ft l**l Wm. Sheron._. Hep.
1*73 187? John 1'. .Iones. Hep.
N. Hampshire..; |86S 1*77 A. II. Cronin. Hep.
1873 I87y lt. Wodlcigh. Hep.
New Jersey.187ft issi f. H. Hiiudolph. Dem
I ?fifi 187? K. Frcliimhuyneu. Hep.
New York.187.'. 1881 Kreuels Kornau. Dem.
isr.7 I87'j Kosche Coiikling.Hep.
North Carolina. '871' 1877 M. H. Hansom.Dem.
187.1 lh<y A. S. Merrieton. Dem.
Ohio.'NW issi A. O. Thurmnn.Dem.
lsd I87?j Jo!m Sherman.Itep.
fJ^X-'V-i--.'- ,?<Tn "i7"-' .'?hn--H^?Ittr.hcIL-^.LlL'P.; i
Pennsylvania... '87:. 1*1 Wm. A. Wallace...;... Dem. \
Ist-'i I87?i Simon Cumeriln......... Hep.
Ithodo Island... '87.'. 18S| A K. llhrmdilc. Hep.
ISM 1877 ll. ll, Anthony. Hep.
South Cn rot lim. l.-fis 187>.i T. J. Itolicrtmm. Hup.
Is7n I *7<i John 1'. l'atterriou.... Hep.
TeniicsHi-c.Is.'i7 I88| I>. M. Key. Dom
1871 1877 Henry Cooper. Dem.
Texas. 187.'. I8S| S. ll. M a.try. Deni
18711 1877 M. C. HAMILTON. Ind.
Vermonl.ISCA 18*1 I Sonnte K. Kdmonds.. Kop.
IS?.? 1*7'.' Je..-!itt S. Miirri'.S. ?ir::.
I Virginia. lH7ft ISSI lt. K, Withers. Deni.
18711 1877 John W. Johnston.... Dum.
West Virginia... 187.'. issi \, T. Cnperton"..Dom.
IS7I 1877 Henry U. Davis. Deni.
Wisconsin.187ft issi Angus Cameron.Hep.
I8T.I l87?rTiniOtllV O. Howe. Hep.
HepnhlieiuiH. ll
Democrats. 28
Independents.,. 2
Total Senate..,. 71
Hepnhliuiin-amjnrity. Il
Republicana (marked lt.), 107 ; Demo
crats (marked D.), 178; Independents
(marked I.), 6. One vacancy exista in
Tennessee, caused by death. The aster
isk (*) indicates members of thc last
Congress re-elected. The C. stands for
colored. ,
"At.AUA ?A-?.
1 Jerry liarais.U lt .'. Mohn H. Caldwell, I)
3 Jere N Williams. O fi Coldsmlth II Hewitt,D
3 I'aul ltradronl, D At f Rurwoll ll Lewis, D
I 'Charles Hays, ll L. I Wm ii Korney, i?
t Lucien 0 Canoe, 1) 1 3 Wm W Wiltshire, D
1! Wm F Sinuous. I) | I ?Thon M (iiiuter. I)
CM,! Killi-. I A-1.
1 W A I'lpor, D I .1. J K Luttrell, 1>
2 SH r" raye, H | 4 P I? Wi?gington, D
1 (?en M Landers, I) I III W lllair. It
2 James Phelps, I) I \ ?Win Ii Darnum, I)
James Williams, I).
1 ?Wm J Purumu, H | 2 'Josiah T Walls. C lt
I Julian Uni ti ul';.-, ll fi Mullios ll nimmt, D
3 Wm 1; Smith, Tl 7 Wm ll Kellon, I)
3 'Philip Cook, D s ?Alex ll Stephens, I>
I . linn v lt Harris. I> :> ?llenj ll Hill, D
S Milton ll Chandler. I>
1 Harney (S Ciiullleld. Il ll HcOtl Wike, Il
2 Curler H Harrison, 1) 13 Wm SI Springer, I)
:i ?('hus ll Farwell. K Kl Adlai K Stevenson, ll
t ?Step'n A Ilm Unit, U ll ?Joseph (! Cannon, ll
.'. ?II (J lim. haul, lt 1ft ?John ll Kilon; D
fi ?T J Hondononj lt ir. Wm A J Sparks, D
7 ALEX CAMI'IIEI.L, I 17 ?Wm ll Morrison, I)
H ?Krecnhury L Kort, ll 18 William llart/.ell, 1)
0 Illch ll Whiling, ll l'j WM il AMUKIIAON, I
1 Domini 8 Fuller, 1) S ?Morion C Hunier, It
2 .lanie? l> Williams, 1) y Tims J Cason, I'
.1 Michael (1 Kerr. D Ul Wm S Hay mond, I)
I Jontlm n Now, 1> ll Jumo.* K Kvans, li
ft ?Wm S ll..lum M. I) ii' A H Hamilton, D
fi Milton S Hol.liison lt |3 John H llaker. It
7 Franklin Landers, 1)
1 Vf" ;?J5,rr. ra.r.y' 11 Kr-eklel S.Sampson lt
2 John O Tufts lt 7 ?John A Ksssntl, ll
.1 L L Am-?..i H., n 8 ?Janies W Mt-Dill, lt
? tM*85y.? 1 ri,.,t- K ,J Addison Oliver, lt
ft Jes Wilson, lt
1 ?Wm A Phillips. It 3 Wm It Drown, Il
2 John lt (?neilin, D |
1 A II Doone, D fi Tlitm I, Jones, I)
; /.'."'"?YS??7!n' D,. 7 ?JS<! Blackbnrn D
3 Chas W Milliken. I) 8 ?Milt J Durliam, 1>
I .ll'Knott, 1) y John D White, ft
ft Ld \ Parsons D lo John ll Clark, V
I Ilaudall L (Ilhsoii, D I I Wm M Devy I)
3 K John Kills, D .'. ?Frank Morey. H
3 *C D Darrall. ll | fi ?Chart K Nash. C lt
MA INK-ft.
1 'John II Hurleigh, It I | Harris M I'lalsted. ll
.; *V m,}\}\r)'"< v\, '* ?Kugene Hale, lt
.1 ?Jes U Dinnie, ll
1 Philip F Thomas. D I 1 Tho?. Swann. I)
2 Chas ll Hoherts, I) KU J Hi nkle. I)
3 W m J O'llrlen, I? | fi Wm Walsh, 1)
I U \\ Craisi, lt 7 John K 'Cmrhox, 1)
3 tlloid W Harris, U s Wm W WaVrant, I>
3 ?Henry L Pierce, It . y ?IlCorgn F Hear, lt
I ItiifiisS KroMt ll Ul ?JULIUS H SKELVE, I
ft NATUA'jf. P HANKS, I ll Chester W Chapin, 1)
ft (.'lias P Thompson. 1>
M icu tu AN-t?.
1 Alplt's S Williams, 1) A Gcofgo ll Durand. D
2 ?Henry Wahlron, lt 7 ?Omar D Concor lt
.1 ?(Icorffe"Willard, lt 8 ?Nathan H Drsdlny. lt
? A.!1"".,,t?MV.r' " o ,J * J,,v A i'nhhell, lt
ft Wm D Williams, lt
1 ?Mark II Dur.ncll. lt I .1 William S Kin?. Il
2 Horace ll Strait, ll I
1 ?Lucius Q C Lninitr, L t I otto lt Sluclettm. It
2 0 W Welfos, lt Chan fc licker 1)
3 Hernando ll Money, 1) | r. -.!.,;," R Lynch, it
1 Kdward O Kehr, I? I s Deni J Franklin, I)
2 ?Krnstus Wells, 1? | y David Ilea, ll
3 ?William Ii Stone, I) I lu II A DcDelt. I)
t ?Hobt A Ilntcher, 1) Il J ll Clarke, Jr, 1)
fl * Iii, li . i .1 1' Ullin,I. I) I 13 ?John M Cl..v.T. I)
fi rims ll Moruno, I) 1.1 ?Aylct II llockncr, I)
7 JuUii rriiiiipK, it
sr. itu A H KA-1.
Iiortni?oUrbiinito, II.
Willlnm W.ii.iii i., ll.
KI5W ll A M 1*811 in IS-3.
1 Kiank Jonen, H 3 ll YV lllnlr. ll
2 -VT- Hell, 1>
1 CH SlniilikHi.n. lt :'. AUK \V Cutter; ll
3-??Winni'l A HoMiiiiM, lt n Frederick ll TIH.HO, D
n nunn itnnn. 1> 7 A A llnrdoiiburg; 1>
I 'Boln-rt Hniniltou. 1)
t NKW VolIK - 33.
1 II*ii rv lt M el cn I To, Il ls Andrew Wiltiiiiux.lt
2 M ti Sri.inker, !> I" ?Win A Wheeler, lt
.1 S}t t'uiTTKsnr.N, I 'ju ?Henry II Hnlhnrn, lt
I All-hlhal.l IM Hlinn. I) 21 Samuel KIM Hier, ll
II Kriwin ll M.h-, H KS Coonta A Hauler. lt
r. .Rnniii?l s c..x. Ii 23 Sc.it t IK ?ni, I) _
7 Smith Kly, Jr. 1) 21 William II linker, ll
H Kigali Win d. Il B W lionvonworlli, It
il ?hcriiuurin Wooil. I> at ?C l> MeDongnIK H
III Abraham S Hewitt, 1) 27 KO Lapham, lt
11 Hf iii A Willi*, ll 2S ?Thon 0 I'lntt. lt
12 NJ.li.lmcK Udell, I) 2? c c I) Walker. I?
1.1 1?.O WhitrhollHi*. H .fl John M Ilnvv, lt
11 Gooree M Heche, l> .11 ?f ico rue fl Hunkiiin. lt
lil .' Il' Ha?ley. Jr. ll .VJ ?l.yiuuii K Hiinn. It
If. Ch ii li- Il .Viani", Il 33 NCIHIIII I Norton, ll
17 M I Townsend. 11?
NiiliTll CAW) tl S A'-8.
1 Jei to J VntcH. 1) ft Airrc.l M Scale?, H
2 Jahn A H vin.m. C ll C. ?ThiiinnK ll Antic, ll
3 ?Atfrod M Waddell, ll 7 'Wm M Iti.hhlun, I)
I JoMiph J Davin, Il S ?Hohei t II Vance, 1)
1 Milton Sax ler, H I ll Julm 1. Vanen, ll
J ?Henry ll Ila nui tig. I> U Amad T Walling, 1?
3 John S Savage, 1) 13 ?.Milt.ni 1 Southard, I?
4 JoTtiA McMalitm, 1) ll John 1' Cowan, Il
.'. American V litre. 1) 1.1 N ll Van Vorlien, ll
fi Krtijtk ll Hurd, 1> I fi ?l.nroii7.o I ?mil.nth. lt
7 ?Lawrence T Neal, I? 17 ?I. I> Woodworth, lt
5 ?Wm Lawrence, ll IS *.lnmen Mourin*, lt
ti Kutley K Poppleton, H I'.' ? Inn A liurllehl, lt
lu ?Ulmriua Konter, ll 211 Henry ll Kayne, 1)
I.nfnytjtto Lane, 1).
I* r.!< NH Y KV A SI A-27.
t Chni>inn!t Krneiunii. ll 1.1 .Inncph Powell, ll
2 ?Chirlen O'Neill, lt Hi ?Soblcnki KOSH, It
3 ?Snniiiel J Him,lall. I) 17 John lleilty. Il
1 ?Win ll Kelley, lt IS Wm S Stornier, 1>
fi .loka Itohhiun, ll I'.l Levi Mainh, I)
fi "Wfttnh TowilBOntl, Il -il Levi A Mackay, 1)
7 Altin Wood. Jr. ll 21 Jacoli Turnor, ll
H ?ll^itor Clymer, I) 23 Jan li Ilopkinn, H
? . A Herr Smith, ll 23 Alex O Cochran; li
tl Williatn Mutchlor, 1) 21 John W Wallace, ll
1 Krnitcin II COIIIIIH, 1) 21 Gcoruc A Jonkn, Il
2 W W Kcti hnni, lt *Ji? Junien Sheaklty, ll
3 Jiim?a lt lteilly. Il 27 Albert 0 KgbCTt, I)
I ?Jolni II Packer, It
minni: IHI.ANII-2. ?
1 ?Holli T KtiinoH, lt .12 Lntimor W Hnlloii, It ul
t Miwll ltnliitiy, CU ll ?Alex 8 Wallace, ll
2 K WU Mackey, Il G Hauben Sinalln, 0 lt ..
3 Soloinon Ii IIo?e, lt I ))
1 Wm McFarland. ? fi John K lionne, I)
2 ?J M?TIiornlinruh, ll 7 ?W C Wliitthornc. I) S<
:i c.MU-, <; Hil, KU, l) > 8 "John DC Atkin*,'D H
I VucaAy li Wm P Cahlwoll, I)
.'. ?Johiln llrlglit, D 10 ll Caney YOUIIK, ? tl
1 Jnhnti KenRuti, l)TEXA|''T'iltosor 0 Milln. I) 11
2 I) ll ?Mlhornon. D 8 ?John Hancock, li o
3 J W flirockinorton. Il | ti (inn Schleicher, 1> ..
Charl* Il Joyce, It 1 ?Ooo W Hondeo, lt .,
1> Q lfctilHon, It I ;
.. _ J viuoiKiA-y. si
1 lt Tl ?otlKlnns, D fi John lt Tucker. Il l,
2 *.loh(. (jotulo. jr, I? ' 7 ?JohtiT Hnrrin, ll M
3 Gilben tl Walker, D s ?rippu Hunton, H w
I ?Wm?l II Stowell, ll 'J William Torry, I)
r> Ocorif ? Caboll, I) 11
"'. , ', WK8T VIIllltSIA-3. ff
1 llonj, ,"?" Wilson, H I 3 ?Krank Hereford. D 'J.
2 Chu/? -? Faulkner, I) I 11
. 'ito.' wiKcoseis-ff. ?
1 H li'uffWillia?iH.-It r, S I) llitrchard, I) "
X U^T** CudWMl, lt;- fi A M.Kimball, K , st
3 ?irl '??ii> MAgoon. ll 7 ?JorcniirtH M. Huni,' R A
I W if .. f. L;, "de. I?.. ... s (.?coree. V ?'aUi. H . I A
-, '"'T'H'IAI,' PKLEIWTra*. 11
Artiona-HUM?? 8 STF.VKSB, 1 1
tViUqatlor-'tiiotnhs M Patti pion, l>
Dakltii - JelTernoii I* Kidder, lt .
ldahli-ThomiiH W lteniiett, It 1
Montuna-?Martin MIII?UIIIII?H, I) n
Now Moxiro-Stophon II Klkinn, lt '
l'tah^?(iKlin(lK Q OASNIIN, 1 1
Wanl'iui?ton-llrniice Jncnlm, lt t
WyoMins-?Wllllaiii lt Stoolo. H 1
?ilute. Se?i. Coutttietl ha. ?
Alaliaiiiit.Hiirnlmin, lt.Kreil O Hmmhcnr. H ?
A In Im mit..William., ll.lamen T Itapier. 0 lt
iMahniaa.Hayn, lt.lanien T Jone?, |) I
Kim ida.i'iirnmii, lt.Jnhu A Hoiulornon,!) f
Kloriila.WnllK.Col. lt.?cuno J Kinley, H 1
(Icnntin.Ilnrtndae, 1).lohn K Hr) mit, lt
[..-orgia.Smith, ll."ll ll Whitely, lt
Illinoin.Knrw-eJl, lt..J V Lu Moyne, 1)
Illinois..^..-.WliHTiiu, lt.Leonard K Itonn, I)
Indinan....Hunter. It.Hnrrinoii J Hire, H I
Indiana.,.linker. It.Kreatinin Kelley, ll ?
Kentucky.While, lt.Harrison Coolerin, Ii
liOuiHlaiin.Milroy, lt.Wm ll S|*otirer, li
ninrylau.l.Walnh, ll.I.lvod Lowudcn, ll
MannachunoltH.Kront, lt.ION?IIII O Ahhott, ll
Miiiuonotn.Strait, lt.K St Julien Cox, Il
I'ominylvaiiia..KreeJiian, lt.Than lt Klorcuco, 1)
IVuunylvniiin..Hubert, ll.Carlton H Curtin, lt
i. Carolina.HOL-O lt.Il ll McGowan, H
?I. Cnroliaa.Wallace, It.lon ll Kcmhaw, ll
VirKinhi.Goode, ll.lan II Platt, Jr, H
Now Mexico....S ll Klkinn. lt....Podro Vahle/.. Il
To tlie above number of twenty-one
Hintcsted scats may possibly be added
jthers of which we luive no present !
knowledge-. F^oiu'e of the aliove, also,
linty not be brou/iht before the liouseiitall.
Duo of Horaco Greeley's Old Letters.
Ni:w YOKK, July 21, 1857.
MY DEAR SIR : Seeing in thc Tribune
thc death of your sweet child, whom 1 so
ivell remember, impel?s me to write you
t word. I oiler no consolation, and I
need not assure you of my sympathy
Hut you and your wife aro still young
ind hopeful, other children will doubt
less be lent you; and though you wil"
never forget this firstling of the flock
nor fail to remember ber with a pensive
ind chastened sadness, yet you will liv<
io realize even in thia state of being, hov
ivisoly ' prescient and merciful in the
.hiLstisenicnt which "smites but to heal."'
Let me give you in thiit connection
leaf from my experience.
T have bad seven children of whom
five aro gone. Of three sons none sur
vive, and two of them were respectfully
(ive anti a half and six years of age when
Lhcy were reclaimed, I need not say
low beautiful and good they were-the
jarly called arc always thus. When tho
first of them died ni/ youth ended,
thought I could never beso sorely bitten
thenceforth. Yet in due time there
samo another, not so delicate, 30 beauti
ful, so poetic ; yet so loving, so tender,
40 dovoted to mc, that I though*. I
md never been understood before. I
jannot remember that during his six
fears' abode with mc ho ever wished to
.?ontniveno my will.
I left, January 14, for that hard
western tour in brave spirit? and good
general health. At Galcsburg after
leaving you", I had a letter dictated by
lim, leaving him in excellent health. 1
licard nb more until I reached .Scranton,
t'a., on my AV y home, when a telegram
reached mo during my lecture, stating
Lhat he was dangerously ill of croup. I
lastenctl home next evening at eight
i'clock only to find him dead an hour
lefore, after enduring a severe operation
md extr?ine suffering. With him I
buried my last earthly aspiration. I have
iwo little daughters, one eight years old,
md another but four months, having
^ecn born since his death, but they are
/cry different from and do not replace
Did you not mean to seo me this sea
?rn? Kind regard?to Mrs.-. Yours
"Gabriel Conroy."
Bret Harte's first novel beginn a? a
serial in .Scribner's fur Novcnber, ami
inens with the following description of
he. Sierra? in winter: .
Snow. Everywhere. As far ? as the
syo could reach-fifty miles, looking
outhward from the highest white ]H>ak.
Filling ravines ami gulches, ami drop
ping from the wallH of canons in white
hroiid-like. drift?. Fashioning the divid
ng ridge into ii likeness of a monstrous
;rave, hiding thc bases of giant pines
md completely covering young trees and
arches, rimming with porcelain and lxiwl
ike edges o? still, cold lakes, and un
Inlating in motionless white billows to
ho edge of the distant horizon. Snow
ying everywhere over the California
Mcrras on the l?th day of March, 18'1S,
md still falling.
It had been snowing for ten days;
nowing in finely granulated powder, in
lamp, spongy Hakes, in thin, feathery
linnie?; snowing from a leaden sky steadi
ly, snowing fiercely, shaken out of purplc
ilack clouds in white floccnlcnt masses,
r dropping in long level lines liko white
ices from the tumbled and broken henv
ns, bat always silently. Thc woods
rere so choked with it, the branches were
i) laden with it; it had so permeated,
lied and possesed earth and sky ; it had
j cushioned and muffled the ringing
jcks and echoing hills, that all sound
ras deadened. Tho strongest gust, thc
ercest blast awoke no sigh or complaint
rom the snow-packed, rigid files of
irest. There was no cracking of bough
or crackle of underbrush ; thc ovcr
ulen branches of pine and fir yielded
nd gave way without a sound. The
ilencG was vsist, measureless, complete.
Nor could it lie said that any out
rard sign of life or motion changed
llb fixed outlines of this stricken land
yipe. Above there was no play of
ght and shadow, only tho occasional
eopening of storm and night. Below,
o hird winged its flight across thc white
xpanse, no ncast haunted thc confines of
ic black woods; whatever of tho brute
ature might have once inhabited these
ditudes had long since flown to the low
inda. There was no track or imprint ;
hatevcr foot might have left its mark
pon this waste, each succeeding snow
di obliterated all traces or record
Ivery morning tho solitude was virgin
nd unbroken; a million tiny feet had
epped into.tho track and filled it. up.
md yet, in the center pf this desolation, (
:i'-'the;very stronglibld of this 'grim' for- ''
fess"," thcre~\vas"tli? mark bf human ioil
A few trees had been felled at tho en
rancc of the canon, and the freshly cut
hips were but lightly covered with snow,
ney served perhaps to indicate another
ree " blazed with an ax, and bearing a
udcly shaped effigy of a human hand,
minting to the. canon. Below the hnnd
nus a cquare strip of canvas, securely
tailed against thc bark and bearing the
allowing iu?bription :
Capt. Conroy's party of emigrants aro lost I
ii du; snow anti camped up this canon. Out
f provisions ?uni starving!
LuftKL Joe October 8th, 1817.
Left Salt Lake January ist, ISIS.
Arrived hero March 1st, ISIS.
Loft half our stock on the Platte.
Abandoned our wagons February 20th.
Our names are :
oct McCormick, J Jane Brackctt,
Vtcr Dumpily, Gabriel Conroy,
'iudI)evargC8, John Walker,
?race Conroy, Henry March,
)lympiii Conroy, Philip Ashley,
Mary Diunphy.
(Then in smaller letters, in pencil):
Mamie' dicii'N?vcniber 8. Sweetwater,
Minnie died December 1, Kcho Canon.
Jane died January 2, Salt Lake.
James lirackett, lost February 2.
The language of suffering is not apt to
>c artistic or studied, but I think that
hctoric could not improve this actual
ecord. So I let it stand, even as it stood
.hio l?th day of Mareil, 1848, half hidden
>y a thin film of damp snow, the snow
vhitened hand stiffened and pointing I
igidly to thc fatal canon like the finger |
iff death.
The Woes of Herzegovina.
The full text of thc pronunciamento
ssucd to tlie European Envoys by tho
lerzcgovinn chiefs contains an eloquent
internent of tho grievances which lcd
hem to revolt against their Turkish op-1
ircKsors. It is brief and concise, but |
'ull of dignity and energy, and forms an
ndictmcnt against thc cruelty, injustice I
md oppression of their Turkish tyrants |
vhich will command for them the sym
lathy of tho whole civilized world, and I
he decision that they are right in taking
ip arms to freo themselves from their ?
niserios. The cataloguo of these mis
Ties is a fearful one. Under pain of
icing scourged and sent to prison, evcrv
ailtivator of tho ground must give half
lis produce to tho Aga, or official who
illowa him to cultivate, and four times a
rear ho must entertain tho Aga, his
ollowcrs and horses. Thc owner of a
arm in Herzegovina has an agreement
vith thc state officials by which ho ex
icts ten times thc amount of rent fixed
>y tho law. Tho Turkish census enu
ncrators let free their own co-religionists, I
mt treble thc amount of imposts upon
Christians, thus making them'pay not
mly their own but also tho Turkish
hare of taxes. In litigation, ns Chris
inn proceeding against a Turk must
iavo two Turkish witnesses, and if hoi
ooses his case ho is thrown into prison.
Che wives and daughters of Christians
JO carried off by Turks and compelled
>y force to adopt the creed of Islam. If
i Christian bears witness against a Turk,
ie can only live three dayH. Tho Chris
ian churches are publicly defiled hy tho
L'urks. Tho Christians pay an cduational
ribute to the Sultan,hut arc not allowed
o havo any schools, Renairs upon the
onds must lie made hy "tho Christians,
hut tho Turka arc freed fruin this duty.
If Turkish troops need horses, they arc
taken from the Christians without re
compense. If a Turk complains before
a tribunal, ho can got immediate justice.
If a. Christian makes a complain!, lie. can
I not get a decision without bribing thc
udge ten times the amount of the claim.
There is no integrity or justice find no
security under Turkish rule. Snell is a
brief summary of their grounds of com
Hopeless ns thc cuse of Herzegovina
may appear, fighting single-handed
against her powerful tyrants, and de
barred from the active sympathy of Eu
ropean nations hy their own prejudices
and schemes for national aggrandizement,
it is impossible not to admire the manly
spirit ot their statement. They may not
win freedom, but they deserve it_
Changes in tho L'artb..
Thc date of man's appearance on our
globo {to say nothing of tho beginning of
organic life) will probably nevcrbo tiscer
tatnablo beyond a rude approximation ;
but this much at any rate is certain, that
if "creation" is to be spoken "of;ni all,
it must be taken, not as a single isolated
act, but rather as an unbroken series ol'
productions, extending from the dimmest
past to our time, and "destined doubtless
to extend beyond ns. Everybody knows,
says the Westmister Review, what thc
nature of the record is, everybody knows
that the crust of our planet, so far as we
have sounded it, is composed entirely of
mud, deposited in gradual successive
layers under water ; that these layers
through thc slow but constant undula
tions of the crust, have been upheaved
iigain, unlatcd to tho enormoiiH thickness
[)f sixty or seventy thousand feet ; and
finally, that, each deposited ns it harden
ed, preserved imbedded in the mud the
-bells and bones of .oreatures,which died
it the time of its formation. Similar
formations are continuing nt present ;
the soundings made in tho Atlanticoceau
preparatory to tho laying, of tho tele
graphic cable, prove that over tho whole
af tho immense area explored (1:,000
miles from east to west, omi about 700
miles from north to south) nu exclusively
fine chalky mud is being deposited, con
sisting solely of the hard parts of animals
which have lived and perished in these
regions. The chalky mud will B*<V&U?uy
harden into limestone rocks ; PjgSMjly
some day these . rocks, will bo gri?Xually
upheaved, j?sfc^tts the Hinuday, ?rC)
jeeted to tho: wearing iullucnceof'air and
rain, will furnish the mud which is. to
bury new creations. Let us not smile
incredulously, far greater changes have
liccn wrought than those, mid as far as
wc can judge, by the same inilucncui
When Scotland stood higher than it
stands at present, it was covered with ice
descending from the Grampians.) later,
it became an archipelago, and marine
.sand with shells was spread over the
former glacial drift ; later still, thc land
emerged again, glaciers were reformed,
though probably to less extent, and
Britain was connected with thc conti
nent; lastly, minor changes separated
England from the continent, and Ireland
from England.
Multuiii in Parvo.
No legacy is as rich us honesty.
Unites leave ingratitude to man.
Self-trust is the essence of heroism.
Eight and Inst arc deadly enemies.
Loan oft loses both itself and friend.
When all else is lost, the future re
Life is the art of heilig well deceived.
Jealousy dislikes thc world td know it.
Truo joy is only hone put o ut of fear
A knavish speech sleeps in a foolish
Laws arc thc sovereigns of sovereigns.
Diligence is thc mother of good luck.
Wc forgive too little; forget too much.
Hope is a light diet but very stimulat
If all were rich, gold would bc value
Many good purposes lie in thc church
Human knowledge is the parent of
Hate no one; hate their vices, not
Good nature is stronger than toma
Tho innocent seldom lind an uneasy
SON.-Thc grasshopper creaks in thc
leavy gloom. And tho bumble-bee.
bumblcth thc live-long day. ?l?t whero
have they gone with tho brand-new
broom ? And what has boon done to tho
buzz-saw's play ?
Oh, it's little he thinks pf the cold
'mince-pie; And it's little he seeks of
the raw ice-cream ; for tho dying year
with its tremulous si^h shall waken the
lingering loon from his dream.
?Dh, hst for the cricket-, now far and
near, skillfully singeth his roundelay, .
and thc negligent noodle hi" i?oisy cheer,
mid where thc doodlebug cats thc hay.
Oh, the buzz-saw so busily buzzes thc
stick, and humbling tho bumble-bee bum
bumbleth his tune; while tho cricket
cricks crudding down at thc creek,
and the noodle calls noisily out " it
is noon?"
The dog fennel sighs, "she is herc ! she.
is herel and the smart-weed says
dream'ly "give us a mt!" Thc hop
vino speaks tenderly, "give us a beer,'
and the jimson-weed hollows, " oh pull
down your vest."
Most of the sporting men nr? con
tributing 650 toward ii monument for
American Girl, and most of the great
statesmen are, in n spirit of rivalry,
going to contribute toward a monu
ment for Washington. Solar, Ameri
can Girl's chances ave two hundred
feet higher than Washington's.

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