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E. A. WEBSTER, Editor and Proprietor. A WceWyPaper Devote'd to Temperance, Literature and Politick ^
VOLUME Tl~ ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1876." . " I ?LTMBER 4-2. ] r> THE CENplAL - Tie Gnat Anniversary Exhibition f in Philadelphia. Views of tho Exhibition Build ings and Full Descriptions of the Various De partments. Arrangements for the Oontenuial. Tho act of congress which provides for "celebrating the one hundredth anniver sary of American independence, hy hold ing un international exhibition of nrts, manufaclu resend products of the soil $m? minc.'1 ^authorized tho creation of ?ne United States centennial commission, and*Vintrusted to it the management ot the exhibition. This body is composed of two commissidhers from each state and territory, nominated by tlic respective governors, and commissioned by - the president of the United States. Tire en terprise, therefore, is distinctly a nation al one, and not, as has some! ?ines been ?tated, thc work of a privat'-- corpora tion,'?? Tire exhibition waa opened on May 10th, 187(>, and remain open until No vember 10th. There will bc a fixed ^^^^^"^^^^^ ^^^^^ A number of trade and industrial as sociations, wh i cb .require largo amounts of space, arc provided for in special build ings. Among these are tho ' photo graphers, the carriage builders, the glass makers, the cracker baker*, the boot and shoo manufacturers, besides quite a num.-, her of individual exhibitors. The great demand for space renders this course ne cessary to a considerable extent, espec ially for exhibitors who have been tardy in making their applications. In the main exhibition building, for example, <three hundred and thirty-three thou sand Ul rec hundred square feet ol space htuTbceri applied for by the beginning ol October by American exhibitors only; whereas, the aggregate space which it has beciv possible to reserve for the United States department is only one hundred and sixty thousand square fcot. About one-third is consumed by passage ways. , j* The machinery building, like the ohers, is already fully covered by appli cations. There are about ono thousand American exhibitors in this department, one hundred and iifty English, and one hundred and fifty from other European countries-which is about two hundred and filly more than entered the Vien na machinery exhibition. Extra provision has beep made for annexe? to accommo date thc hydraulic machinery, the steam hammers, forges, hoisting eng: ?es, boil ers, plumbers, carpenters, etc. Power in the machinery hall is chiefly supplied! by a pair of monster Corliss en gines. Each cylinder is forty inches in '. diameter, with a stroke of ten feet ; the rt i. . . - ... . ; ; :V>?,,- . .; Vr?S?s?3wi?v ii- -''. " '---^ -: ."-? v-?^^^f^^*^^ ' ' .. ' :" -' - " * ^^^^^^^^^^^ PHOTOGRAPH Presbyterian Synod; Caledonian Club; Portland Mechanic Plues; Welsh Na tional Eistedlodd; Patriotic Order Sons if America ; California Zouaves of San Francisco; an International Regatta ; l-hc Life Insurance Companies; National Hoard of Underwriters; State Agricul tural ?Society ; Second Infantry, N. G. if Ca?lornia; Philadelphia Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church ; Cincinnati Society p California Pioneer Society; American Dental Convention; Catholic Total Abstinence Union of America; Independent Order of IVnai ll'ri th; National Alumni Association ; Sales men's Association ; Fifth Maryland Regiment ; Seventh New York Iiegi ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^^^^ fie BUILDING, in the snide relative positions to each other as tilp longitudinal avenues. These cross the building, and aro four hundred and sixtepfi feet in length. The inter sections of these various avenues make at the. center of thc building nine spaces free from supports, which aro. from one hundred lenone hundred and twenty feet square, amt which aggregato four hun dred and F.Kteen feet square. Thc gen eral elevation of the roofs of nil these avenues varies from forty-five feet to seventy fcc"'. The building rests upon tho ground, tho land hiding been thoroughly grnded and prepared. Tho-foundations consist of piers of "v??l?yijno superstructure the.?p*uth from memorial hall and on tho n?rtli from agricultural building. These ravines aro> spannciL by ornamental:'' bridges five hundredTyej; long and sixty?I !ect wide, fbr^mvenienee-of access. Car riage roads, a railway, und foot walks, pass over them. The horticultural build ing is designed in the Moresque style of architeclurc of the twelftlr century, the ohief materials externally being iron and ?lass, supported bv fine marble and brick work, vThe Building is three hundred and cighty'?Chfce tort long, one I?undred and ninety-three feet wide, awl seventy two feet high to the top of the lantern. The main lloor is occupied*!*?'thc cen tral conservatory, two hundred and thir ty fest by eighty feet^and fifty-five feet high, surmounted by a lantern jonc.hun drad and seventy feet long?-tweaty feet wide, and fourteen feet high. Running entirely^ around tljis conservatory, at a height of.twenty feet "'rom. the floor, ia a gallery five feet* wide. On the north-and south .sides of this principal room are-, four forcing houses for. the propagation of young plants, each of them one hundredue?t by thirty feet, and covered by curved roofs of jr?n and glass, which, appearing upon the ex terior of tho building, present a very fine fettttre. *A vestibule thirty feet square separates the.two forcing houses on each side, and there a?e similar vestibules at the center of the east and west ends, on either side of which are apartments for reception rooms, offices, etc. Orna mental stairways lead from these vesti bules to the internal galleries of the con- I b'>ilcr bouses, and such other buildings for special kinds of machinery as may ho r. quired. ? The plan of tho machinery building ' <K?W8 two main avenues ninety feet .wide, with a central aisle between and an aisle on either side, these being sixty feet in width. These avenues and aisha togelljcr have three.hundred and sixty 'feet widtl^and each of^them is one thou sand three hundred arid sixty feet long. At the. center of thc. building there ip a transept ninety feet in width, which at tho"south end is prolonged beyond the building. This extended transept, lie ginning at thirty feet from the building and extending to two hundred and eight' . feet, is flanked on cither side by aisles sixty feet wide, and forms an annex tor hydraulic machines. The promenades are: In the avenue fifteen leet wide, in tho aisles ten feet, and .in the transept twenty-five feet. Tho walks extending across thc building aro all ten feet wide,*" rind lead at either end to exit doors. ' Tho foundations of this building arc piers of masonry, tho superstructure consist ing ot solid timber columns supporting roof trusses, constructed of straight wooden principal beams and wrought iron ties and struts. Thc columns arc placed in longitudinal HneSj and in these rows stand sixteen feet apart. Thc columns are forty le?t high, and ruppert respectively thc ninety-feet root-spans over thc avenues at a height >f forty feet, and the sixty feet roof ipan.i over the aisles at a height of iWenty feet. The outer walls are built - - - _ _I y.