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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, May 27, 1876, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065529/1876-05-27/ed-1/seq-7/

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Thc Art Gallery.
Thc most imposing and ornate of all
the structures is memorial hall, built at
a cont of $1,500,000, by thu state of
Pennsylvania and the city of Philadel
phia. This is placed at the disposal of
the centennial commission, to be used
during thc exhibition as an art gallery,
after which it ii designed to make it the
receptacle of fri industrial and art col
lection simil?r to the famous south Ken
sington museum, at London. It stands
on a line parallel with, and a short dis
tance, nnrthward of, thc main building,
ami is in a commanding position, looking
ROU thwart! across the {schuylkill over
Philadelphia. It stands, ujion a terrace
one hundred and twenty-two feet above
tho level of the Schuylkill. Being de
signed for. an absolutely fireproof struc
ture, nothing combustible has been used.
The design is modern Renaissance, lt
covers an acre and a half, and is three
hundred ami sixty-five feet long, two
hundred and ten feet wide, and fifty
nine feet high, over a spacious basement
twelve feet high. A dome, rising one
hundred feet above the ground, sur
mounts the. center, capped hy a colossal
ball, from which rises the figure of Co
lumbia. The main front of this build
ing looks southward, displaying a main
entrance in the center consisting of three
enormous arched doorways a pavilion on
each end, and two arcades connecting
the pavilions with the eel)ter. The. en
trance is seventy feet wide, to which
there is a rise ot thirteen steps. Each
of the huge, doorways is forty feet high'
and li ficen feet wide, opening into a
hall. Between the arches bf thc door
w ays are clusters (d'columns, terminating
in emblematic designs illustrative of
science and art. Thc doors are ol iron,
relieved by bronze, panels, displaying the
couts of arms of all thc stales and ter
ritories. Thc United State'-coat of arms
>s in the center of the main frieze. The
dome is of e;lass and iron, of unique de
sign. While Columbia rhea at the top,
"a colossal figure stands at each corner of
thc base of the dome, typifying the four
quarters of thc globe.
In each pavilion there is a large win
dow, twelve and one-half feet by thirty
iourleef There are altogether eight of
these windows, used for thc display of
stained glass paintings, etc. Tho arcades
designed to screen the long walls of the
galleries each consist of fivo groined
arches, and form promenades looking
outward over the. grounds and inward
over gardrns extending back lo the main
wall of the building; These garden plots
are each ninety feel by thirty six feet,or
namented in thc center with fountains,
and intended to display statuary. Thc
arcades are. highly ornnncntcd, and the
balustrades of them and of the' stairways
are al-o designed for statuary. The
walls of the cast and west sides of thc
structure display the pavilions and the
walls of the picture galleries, and are
relieved by niches designed for statues.
Tho frieze is richly ornamented, anil
?vc it thc central (lome shows to great
autage. The rear or north front of
building is of thc -samo general
?icier as the main front, but, in
.-. of thc arcade, basa series of arched)
- -, H *--I^?V.vi
:f . * . .. ;..-\
^ ^^^^
Thc. Pennsylvania railroad company,
whoso lines penetrate every section of the
Union, and directly connect all important
points with Philadelphia, has made magnifi
cent preparations for conveying, with safety
and comfort, the millions of people who in
tend visiting the Centennial Exhibition di
rectly to the Centennial grounds. The loca
tion of the Exhibition made, it impossible
for any other railway to directly renell thc
Exhibition buildings and grounds, and tin
management, ever sinPe thc 3ite was des
ignated, has employed its gigantic equip
ments and unrivaled facilities to make the
Exhibition a success, by providing thc
amplest accommodations at the minimum
price, for both exhibitors and visitors. It
was titting that a railway company,national
in its character and op?rations, should thin
second thc commissioners in illustrating oui
centennial history by demonstrating thc
high degree of excellence attained hy Hit
railway trannportation system of America
in making Hie great thoroughfares uiiitinc
the Atlantic seaboard and the Mississippi
valley, thc "VW*/ Northwest and Southwest
with theCcngm""! City, ns \ cried as puni
ble in ail ita essentials aa?d details.
Its routes follow Voe geographical elimi
n?is of continental iriter-communiculiun
Uniting most of the. larger citietron thc
.-:://): ; .' '. ' \ : . * V-~ ; - /Vf
southern shores if tlie great lakes, on the
Mississippi ?uni 'Ohio rivers, and on the At
lantic harbord. l'Ile main road from New
York to Philadelphia, though poising
througli tlie principal cViesof New .Jersey,
does not devinta six miles from an air line,
and this deflection is due to tho interposition
of navigable waters. These rom M not only
excel in directness as well as in tl-?, number
of important cities and towns they '?joniiect,
hut they are confessedly superior io con
Btruction and equipment. Between Pitfs
hurgh and New York, 4M miles, the entire
linois double track, laid with, heavy steel
rails with joints connected between li?s by
a process thal gives the effect of continuous
rail, on which there can heno unpleasant
jarring. All bridges on the line are of iron
or stone. A large portion of this distarle is
provided with a third track, which enfhles
freight trains to keep entirely out of the
way of passenger travel, and permits the
express trains to run their allotted l?st'1"00
without interruption, and near Philadel
phia, and oilier important terminal p?nJ8i
four tracks have, for considerable
tanct-H, been completed.
The block signal system, cxclusive"y
used on tlie Pennsylvania railroad Hirer's""
out itH entire length, compels the engjnt'or
of a train to know whether tlie tra?"' 13
clear or not to thc next station, bc ii one
?wp M^?0?^mS?m
or I un miles, ami evrry modern' appliance
foi* combining thc highest Kneed with Hie
most perfect safety li:.s been adopted. The
company has built !!00 elegant ears", with
engines of tim lust class ample tn move all
trains that may possibly be required.
Centennial visitors will lind tin. Pennsyl
vania road the only direct route from thc
West, Nortli and East tn tbe Centennial
Exhibition, tho ralos ns low as by any tither
route, the time made by it the quickest, und
the accommodations for comfort, luxury
and .safety unequaled. Careful agents, nu
all trains, will arrange for the prompt and
cheap delivery of all baggage, and, for fifty
cents, sell seats in a comfortable carriage to
an}' point in Philadelphia.
Above all, thc?! visitors will be landed at
the very doors of thc Exposition, in the
beautiful Centennial depot of the company
represented in thc above cut. It stands op
posite the open space separating the Main
exhibition building from Machinery hall,
facing thu principal entrance gate and the
Judge's pavilion, and in close proximity to
several immense hotels and restaurants, lt
itt 340 feet in length by 100 in width, two
stories high, and surmounted hy six towers.
In design it is tasteful and ornamental,
comparing favorably with the many beauti
ful structures erected for the purposes of the
Exhibition. The first door contains a gen
?ral wailing room, K!0 hy 100 leer, al anica'
waiting loom eighty-ono. by Ititi leo!ta ling
??age room forty-nine l>y 100 feel, a ticket
oflico th if ty liy forty feet, ? package room
len hy thirty feet, and a number ol' retiring
rooms, all handsomely lini.-hed, and pro
vided with every convenience. The nunns
:>n the second lloor are for the use of the
railroad ollicial.s ami employees.
This depot is reached hy a circle, of three
track.H H weeping from the main roadway
four-fifths til ;i mile long, and the diameter
:>f the circle they describe is OOO feet. All
trains will enter this circle heading west,
nilli depart from thc depot bending en.it.
Di rec trains can l?> landing or receiving
passengers in front of thc depot at the |
lanie time, tim entire tracks liebig lloor?.?i
iver, and no matter in what direction thc
rains may come or go, they can bc moved
ivitliout confusion, delay or danger.
Seventeen additional sidings have j been
'oustmeted, connected with this circle^ of a
Cllgth of 1,000 feet each, upon which Wait
ng trains can bc run ami remain with en
jincs attached, until the time arrives /or
hem to enter upon thc circle, receive their |
iHftsengcrs, and depart for destination.
This arrangement of tracks and sidings is
lovel, and affords facilities for the tranaac
?oh, without detention or confusion, of nn
dniost unlimited passenger business. O
|*MTNT?Sf< rOT.TfFfi??. rhllndnlpbli^b
And aro prepared to demonatrnte tho fact.
OUR AUGERS are operated entirely 07
HOItSE POWER, and will lioronl. tho rnto
of 20 FEET PER HOUR. They boro
boru in
All liliitlx of Enrlb, Sort Nu ti il ?nit
E.till OMt <l tl e. Il W ii ill I ii <> ii n SIUOO
I'iml, Nlato and Hardpan.
And we MAKE tho REST ot WELLS in
every .Stale and County in Hie Uniteil Slates.
Send for our Illu.strutcd Catalogue, terms,
jirie.en, ?tc, proving our advertisements
buna /ule. Address
?Vi-t.ne in what paper you saw this adver
This ls the tammin Thr.-Hhini; machino tlint hus
"nwojit tim fi'-M" mu? crrnliii mich n revolution iii tho
INO principle*.

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