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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, June 10, 1885, Image 1

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" Do thou Groat Liberty Inspire our Souls and make our lives in thy possession happy, or our Deaths Glorious in thy Just Defence."
I1 111 -1
.rino 1.1 tu rr THAT ia FLT.
A lender child of summers thrco,
Reciting lier little bcd at night,
Paused on tho darli stair timidly
"Oh, motlier, (?ko roy limul," said sh?,
"Anil Hun tho dark will all ho light.''
Wo older children grope oar way
.Fruin dark behind to dark beforo;
And only wbeu our hands wo hiy,
.Dear Lord, in thim', tho night is iliiy.
And ilicro is darkness nevermore}
Keach downward to tho sunless days
Whorein oar guides aro t)lind as wo,
And lu tili is small and hopo dt leys;
Tako ttiou tho hands of prayer wo raise-,
And lot ns feel tho litfhtof theot
?.t>vi'i>S OTOH ir.
Mu Taut Persimmon had just lln
ished hia evening toilet.
Ile was a handsome young man ot
somo ' eix-and- twenty verdant springs,
with a yellow mustache and hair to cor
respond, a pink complexion, like an
overgrown masculino doll, and bi? blue
eyes which were pronounced "sweot"
by all tho young ladles of his acquaint
ance; and as ho stood there, in tho glo
ries of a pear'-colored 8iilv,withlaveuder
kid gloves, cameo shirt studs and an in
tangible odor of eau dc tmtchouly about
his initialed pocket-handkerchief, ono
could bul think of tho wax young gen
tlemen in "tho "drapers' and tailors' "
wir.dowe on Broadway.
Mr. Persimmon was very handsome,
spoko with a slight Usp and waltzed like
a Parisian-and Mr. Persimmon was on
tho lookout for matrimonial promotion!
"Paul must marry rich," said all his
friends. "Ho could no more h?lfet with
tho waves of adverse tor til no than a
gold fish could swim among Arctic ice
bergs. Poor, dear Paull ho must cer
tainly hayo a wife Willi money I"
And so Mr. Persimmon himself bad
thought. Ho had never been educated
to do anything except quote poetry and
look haiidsomo. but these things he cer
tainly accomplished to perfection. And
he was juat issuing from lila apartment
iu Mrs. Gustabrook's first-class board
ing house when Major Milfoil met him
face to face.
"Hallo!" cried Mr. Persimmon, cor
dially, extending ono trim, little gloved
-blind. V \
"Hallo, old fellow," responded Major
Milfoil, cavalierly. "1 was just coming
up to talk over last night's party with
you. But you aro going out-well, I'll
walk \\lth you a part of tho way,"
A nd ho passed'his arm through that
of Mr. Persimmon, adding:
''Charming evening, wasu't it?"
"Delightful," drawled, the exquisite,
swinging bis tiny ebony cano back and
forth as he walked. "But Miss Ellery
does always give such tip-top entertain
"You, ut least, appeared toonjoy it,-'
said his friend, good-humoredly. "I
saw you flirting desperately with some
girl or other!"
Mr. Persimmon smlled,and pulled bis
flaxen mustache.
k* Yo-esl' be observed, consciously.
"I've pretty much made up my mind in
that (piarlo; i"
"A foregone conclusion, eh?" satd
Major Milfoil. "Well, at all ovonts.aho
is very pretty in tho bright sparkling
style ol' feminine loveliness, and sho
dre-ses well, too. Mav I venture to ask
ber name, and what may bo her local
"Oh, of course," asserted Mr.Persim
mon, "I was going to call there this
morning tis soon as I'd boen round by
the club house, atid stopped in at tho
Moni martere Hotol fora few minutes.
She is staying at No.-Mention
street, and ber name ia Mia.i Bt. Os
"Miss St. Osborne!"
"Yes-what is thoro so peculiar about
the name? ltfs rather unusual to be
Mire, but-"
"And No. -~ Meriden street?"
"ICxaetly ao,'' was the somewhat
puzzled answer. "Now will you bo
good enough to toll mo what you aro
opening your oyes so wide for?"
"Nothing," Major Millfoil answered
with a slight shrug of bis sbouldors:
"except that tho Miss St. Osborne who
boards with Mrs. Parker at No.
Moridon street, is a music teachor, and
gives lessons to my brother's three little
Mr. Persimmon stopped short in tho
vory tlood-tlie ol' pedestrianism that
flows at noonday round the, corner of
Broadway anti Fourteenth streot.and let
fall thc tiny ebony cane In bis consterna
?M'.h?". lie ejaculated, feebly; "a
music-teacher? Why, I always sup
posed abo was an heiress,"
"Wh told you so?" asked Milfoil,
"Well, I can't say that any one ever
told me so," answorc' ' ... Persimmon:
"but-but I somohov. , *>t the Impres
sion. Why, she wears sucli splendid
solitaire diamonds!"
"Hired, probably, or borrowed for the
oocaslon," suggested Major MiltoU.
"And. dresses exquisitely!*'
"Timi's easily done, if ono happens
to have rich relations."
Mr. Persimmon smote lus lily smooth
forehead with his loft lavender-kidded
"A muslo teacher!" ho reiterated.
"Well, I do say, Milfoil, it's a deuce of
a shamo to pull wool over a fellow's eyes
in this sort of fashion. Why, she must
bo a regular husband hunter."
"Granted that she is, "returned Mn j or
Milfoil, quietly, "what aro you but a
wifo hunter?"
"Oh-well-no . doubt-Y?iy possi
bly," acknowledged Mr. Persimmon,
not with jut a very visible faco of con
fusion; "but tho eases aro quito differ
"Will you explain to mo tho diff?r
ence ?" persisted Milfoil, maliciously.
"A music 1 cacher! upon my word,
lt is disgraceful," wont on Paul Persim
mon. "Anti 1 had almost proposed to
her. Dear, dear, what a narrow escapo
l'vohad,"and he wiped his forehead
with hispatchouly-scented pocket hand
kerchief. "Think of tine living up in tho
fourth floor of a third rato boarding
house and my wifo giving lessons to
support usl"
And as Major Milfoil lookol at his
companion's effeminate countenance
and listened to Iiis words, he could not
think that Miss .St. Osborne had had a
lucky escape.
Miss Laura St. Osborne was sitting
in her luxurious room at Mrs. Parker's
fashionable boarding house that same
morning, looking extremely protty In a
morning negligee of roso colored cash
mere, while her silky black curls were
tdle back with a broad fillet of pink rib
bon,and diamonds sparkled liko so many
big, dimpled dewdrops on her protty
lingers. Sho was a brilliant little bru
nette, with peachy-red cheeks, long,
dark eyelashes and brows as black and
perfectly arched as If they hadbeon out
lined with a pened dipped in jot.
Opposite to her,at tho iuirror,bctween
tho two windows, a tall, slender girl of
eighteen was trying on a plain, little
black slllc bonnet,
"Aro you going already, Estollo?"
pwrtf.il th? Oriental-eyed beauty.
"I' must, Cousin Laura. I have a
lesson to givo at ono o'clock at ' Mrs.
"Busy little boo!" laughed Miss St.
Osborne. "Really, Stella, you make
mo almost ashamed of my own ??l?t
far nicntc lifo!"
"But you aro rich, Laura, and I an:
"Nevertheless, you will not accopl
pecuniary aid from mo, you haughty
spirited damsel!"
Estello St. Osborne snook her head.
"1 would rather bo Independent, "said
"So I must romain alono to receive
tho visit of my handsome little adorer,
Paul Persimmon," laughed Laura.
Estelle looked keenly at her.
"Laura, do you like Mr. Persim
"A littlo!" was tho gayly defiant an
swer. You do not?"
"I have only seen him at a distance,
you know-but to mo ho seems frivolouf
and shallow!"
"Ho is very handsome," Latin
dreamily observed.
"Yes, but beauty is not ovoryingl"
And, so spcaking.Estello St. Osborne
left the room.
Threo hours afterward she re-en teret
to find Laura still alone.
"Well, did you enjoy Mr. Persira
mon's call?"
Laura pouted her pretty cherry lips,
"Mr. Persimmon has not been hon
at all, Estolle," she answered.
"But I thought ho asked pormissloi
to call on you this morning?"
"So ho did-but it soems that ho liai
not decided to avail himself of tho gran
ted permission. Estelle!" with a bright
sudden toss of tho jotty cascado of curb
"lot's go for a walk down Fifth avenm
-it is too lovoly a day to shut ono'i
self up in tho house!"
And tho two cousins sot off for i
walk on tho fashionable thoroughfare
As luck, or rather Cupid, wonk
ha\ o it, almost tito first person tho;
met was Mr. Paul Persimmon himself,
sauntering gracefully along, in his pear
colored suit and his ebony cane, om
arm passed through that of a gontle
man-not. howovor, Major Milfoil, th I
Laura's faco brightened--sho hal
paused-but Mr. Persimmon, avertinj
his countenance, hurried on, and sin
could hoar him say lu a quiet ami au
dildo voice.
"A mero music-teacher! I novo
was so astonished in my lifel Why, !
.And distance swallowed up tho ro
maindor of tho speech.
Laura St. Oflbonie'e cheek flushc<
scarlet with indignation-hor hoar
throbbed high.
"Estollo!" sho said, "you aro right
ls a fool and a shallow ono at
Miss St. Osborne mot him at a party
that solf-samo ovoning, hut neither
sought tho companionship of tho other.
Thc subtle chains had been snapped
usu?der-tho electric charm dissolved 1
A month afterward Mr. Persimmon
JOiefc a fr!o"<1 on tho street, or rather an
acquaintance, ono Mr. Howard Boyn
"My dear fellow I" ho cried, sei/.ing
him by a button of the coat, "is this
tr no that 1 hear about you.
"ls what truel" Mr. Boynton de
manded composedly.
"That you aro engage?' to Miss St.
?Quito true!"
"Miss St. Osborne'."
"But-sho is a music-teueherl"
"That would mako nota hair's di flor
ence in my estimate of her, oven wore
it true." Mr. Boynton haughtily ob
served. "But it happens that you aro
completely mistaken. Miss ISstelle St.
Osborne gives lessons in music, thereby
elevating herself in my estimation
through her high-Fouled Independence,
but her cousin, Miss Laura, ls heiress
to a fortuno in her own right, ot" cycl
one bundled thousand dollars I" And
Mr. Boynton, extricating himself from
tho grasp o? tho perfumed little dandy,
walked quietly on, leaving tho latter,
gentleman transfixed with astonishment
and dismay.
Ho had let tho heness slip through
Ids fingers after alli And a hundred
thousand dollars! Paul Persimmon
grow palo as ho thought of Ul
"Ifs all Milfoil's faultl" ho cried
querulously to himself. "But I novor
will behove what people say again."
What a pity it waa that our dapper
little hero's good resolutions had como
too lato.
UtiiiatiiK coiroo.
From Abysinla coffoo drinking ap
ire?is Hist to liavo become kuown in
Persia, where it is mentioned in records
tv ?arly as the year 875. From tho
kingdon of tho Shah tho uso of tho cov
erage oxtonded to Arabia and Egypt,
and in tho boanning $f \ho Of teenth
century lt was nb tonger a novelty, lu
Mecca, in 1511, ito uso was placed un
der ban by tho Govomor, Chair Bog,
who thought Ito discovered in tho ox
flilarating drink something prohibited
by tho Koran; but to make matters
sure, ho ordorod an ecolosiastical courl
to determino tho question. Prosidlnp,
over tho deliberations of this solemn
body were two learned Arabian doc
tors-tho brothers Ilakimant-who do
dared, in the scientific phrase of tin
time, that coffeo was "cold and dry,'
and therefore objectionable. Tho blacl
drink consequently was formally anath
ematized and tho prophesy was made
that all coffee drinkers would appear oi
tho judgment day with faces hlackei
than the coffee pots out of which thoj
had drunk tho poison." The collei
parties of tho praying dervishes ant
the non-praying Mussulmon weiro bro
ken up, thd cofi'eo houses were closed
tho stock of coffee in tho hands of mer
chants woro committed to the flame
and everybody who was discovers
with tho prohibited drink was baal Ina
docd and using ridden race baekwan
upon a donkey. But this severe lav
was not approved by tho Sult?n at Cain
who, himself as woll as all tho inhabi
tants of that imperial city woro invot
orafo coffee drinkers. In 1530 the ne\
beverage was commonly used in Con
stantlnoplo, and in 1551 tho drat pnbli
coffeo housos woro oponed in that city
fitted up with every appliance of Orion
tal comfort. These soon woro callei
tho "schools of knowledge," but Hie;
became at last tho seeno of so much po
litical discussion that tho sultan Mu
rad tho II, deemed lt wiso to close then
for a tim?. It was not till 1015 thc)
coffeo was introduced into Italy, am
seven years afterward ti Greek, Pusqui
hy namo, established tho first eolTe
house in London. In 1058 coffeo wa
first handed round after dinner ii
France, and in 1071 tho first eot?o
houso was started in Paris hy an Ai
minian. At that time a pound of col
feo coat 140 francs, or about ?18, an
naturally, in thoso days, at this prie
the consumption was oxtremely lirai
, JitlHIllotiG Dont 1st ry.
Tho Japanese dentist does not f righto
his patient with an array of steel Instn
ments, All of Ins op?rations in toot
drawing aro performed by the thuin
and forefinger of ono hand. Tho ski
necessary to do this is only acquire
after long practico, but once it is al
tallied tho operator la able to extrac
a half do/on teeth in about th ir ty sci
putts without onco removing his ilngoi
from the patlont's mouth.' Tho doi
tiat's education commences with tl.
pulling mit of pogs which have boc
pressed into soft wood; it onds with tl
drawing of hard pegs which have bee
drlvon Into an oak plank with a malle
'Vljo Unppy fjumuntm.
.'The system," writes Mr. Turner,
"of common interest in ouch other's
property is still clung to by tho Sumo?
mis with great tonuelty. They oonsidor
themselves*nt liberty to go und take up
their abode any whore among their
friends and remain without cbargo aa
long as they pinosa'. And tho samo
custoiiynitltlos them lo beg and bor
row, from each other to any extent.
B.oat& tool3, garments, money, etc.,are
all freely loaned to each other if con
nected lo tho samo tribe or clan. A
man cannot bear to bo called stingy or
disobliging, if ho bas what is asked
he will either give it or adopt tho worse
course of telling a l'.o about it by say
ing that ho has it not or that it is prom
ised to some ono else. This commu
nistic system ia a sad hindrance to the
industrious, and eats Uko a canker
worm at tho roots of Individual or
national i progress. No matter how
hard a young mah may be disposed to
work, ho cannot koop his earnings; all
soon passes out of bis hands into tho
common circulating currency of tho
clan to which all have a latent right.
Tho only thing which reconciles ono
to bear with it until lt gives place to
tho individual independence of moro
advanced civilization is tho fact that
with such a state of things no poor laws
are needed. Tho sick, tho aged, the
blind, tho lame, and even the vagrant
has always a houso and homo and food
and raiment as far as no considers ho
needs lt. A stranger may at first sight
think a Samoan ono of tho poorost of
the poor, and yet bo may live ten years
with that Samoan and not be ablo to
make him understand what poverty
really ls in tho European sense or tho
word. 'How is it?' he will always say:
'no food? Has ho no friends? No
houso to live in? Where did bo grow?
Are there no houses belonging to his
friends? Have tho people there no
love for each other?' "
A I Io rho on S K ai ort .
"I,have hore," saul tho president of
tho I) ())(??'? Club, as ho snapped a tan?
I !'n>n i?'l??f: . ? oonoh?Utg thirty feet-dis*
tdown tho stable', "a communica
tion asking for tho best method to break
a colt. It is understood that only the
li.test and most approved methods must
l;o recommended. Several means come
to my mind. Ile might run a tally-ho
between here aud New Rochelle. That
ought to break him. Ho might handlo
tho reins on a Third avonue car at
thirty-four couts tho round trip, or on
a Broadway stage, where the driver ls
hot allowed, under any circumstances,
to deposit tho faros, Can anyone make
(urthv,; " iggestlons?"
"1 romembei an expenonce of mino"
said the cab-driver, taking off an over
coat that had at least ton capos. "I
was driving a 2:30 trotter along a
country road. Somo fellow caine up
with a horse that went by mo as if I
was standing still. I was doad stuck
on his action and speed, so when
caught the chap at tho next tavern
gavo him $50 to enter the horse In
three minute race for a pot of money
Besides I backed bini for every cent
could lay my hands on. Ho looked
near the homestretch as if ho could dis
tance the bold, but just* in front of tho
club-house he stopped stock still.
Nothing could movo him a foot,
found out afterward that a whisky
drummer used to drivo hhn, and noth
ing could induce him to pass a barroom.
That peculiarity broke mo."
"I got bioko ono winter on a race
near Toronto," bioko In tho stable boy.
.'It was oin tho ice. Of collrae tho
horse was rough shod, but . tho other
follow wont! right away from me and I
lost all my ? dust. I found that his
horse's shoes had been tiled to an edgo
and thal tho'( animal bad actually ska
ted the mlle uri 58 seconds. You'll find
it on record--and records can't Ho."
jvunniiiir in Portugal.
Until alioub tho period of the land
reforms ol 1832, whon emphythousis
was converged from a tenuro with pay
ments, by services or In kind to ono
with money payments, the har
row and i boo were almost
unknown. Threshing was usually per
formed ny tramping tho grain under
tho feot of
plow is nindo
slats of bean
torses and cattle. Tho'
Jrvbolly of wood and con
body, share, a single
handlo, loohin? as though tho wholo
thing had beor rudely shaped out of a
forked troo. r. Miore.is lielthor coulter
nor mould-boai d;buo the share (woodon)
ls carried forward lancoehaped and
turned slightly forward. Tho work of
tho mould-boaiid is done by two up
right pegs'?itpho heel of the plow,
these pegs plussing out tho soil on
either suie. Tl|da heavy and cumbrous
implement Is drawn by bullocks, in
some cases by r autos, and i have even
heard of women hoing harnossod to it
??. :?'/'?;? ;>.'"?'-I . ? ?* ?'"
ns is commonly to bo scon in Hussiu
?uni not infrequently in Germany.
Tho mo ./ing or reaping hook ls in
shapo a short segment of a circle, of
which tho aro is about a foot in length
The edgo is serrated Uko that of a fdo
and very sharp, and the hook can bo
used to cut grass not moro than live
inches high, tho tuft of grass being
takrii ??i one baud und the edge of tho
hook drawn with tho other against the
stems. The cart ls of tho East Indian
or Egyptian type. Two whools of solid
wood, without spokes; but with iron
tires, sometimes with nails driven into
tho porlphery, aro tlxed immovably to
?in axlb, winch revolves with them,
making a prolonged squeak, resembling
that of a steam whistle. Tho body of
tho cart is composed of four or five
boards laid fiat and resting ou a frame
underneath which aro two blocks of
wood, grooved to receive tho axle. Tho
middle board is prolonged forward into
a strong pole, to which tho yoko is at
tached and to which tho oxen aro fas
tened with ropes around their horns.
Indian corn is shelled by beating it
with a long stick on a bard surface,
It is ground to meal in a wooden block
having a semispherical bolo in tho cen
tro and provided with a wooden club
by way of a pestle
All grain is threshed by band. Hough
food for cattle is cut by nailing an iron
hoop to an upright post and with tho
hand drawing tho bay over tho edge.
A few French aud English plows have
found their way into tho country of
late years, but tho peasantry aro gen?
orally too poor to buy thom. Tho winds
aro inconstant and but few windmills
aro employed, these few being of tho
most ancient typo, similar to those
which Don Quixote is pictured to have
ridden against. In the absence of for
ests to bold back tho snow and water
the streams aro subject to tremendous
freshets and water powers aro not used
for mechanical purposes. There is no
wood for steam fuel and hut little na
tive coal. English coal is used at Lis
bon and Oporto, but, owing to tho lack
of roads, none is convoyed to tho inte
rj or. Tiioro are oon^ifa iMi l'i?nia? Coal
mines near Oporto i'tnd Coimbra, but
they aro waterlogged, and no efforts
have been made, to pu mp thom dry.
Uvpay 1'ocuilurltton.
Few moro fantastic scones can bo
conceived than a gypsy wedding. The
placo usually chosen as a sand pit. In
two long rows, frontlnf? eaoh othor, tho
attendants take their .stand, leaving a
path in tho middle, jhalf way down
which a broomstick is bold up about
eighteen inches abovii the ground.
Tho bridegroom is cal'ied, walk3 down
tho path, stops over the broomstick,
and awaits the maiden's arrival. She
too, is called, walks d^wii between the
two rows of gypsies^ lightly trjpi over
tho stick, and is thon/ received into tho
arms of bor husband. A few days of
foaatlng follow, and then the wild wan
dering life is resumed. Children grow
up in the tent or van, and as tho wants
become greater, tho, gypsy matron adds
anothor to her roaohroos for making a
livelihood. Tho fortunes she predicts
to tho farmer's blooming daughter
bring many a meal to her hungry fam
ily, and the elegant1 lady who allows
her stealthily to enter her rich homo
rewards her with money or cast off
clothes when from . tho linos of her
banda she has beon foretold a futuro
full of splendor. Old ago comes slowly
to the gypsy race; weakness, pain und
sufferings tire strangers among thom,
and the physician's craft is despised as
are all the other institutions ol' tho
Gorjos. But when death at length
enters the gypsy's tout bois boroo un
coil! ned to bis last resting place, deop
n the forest or on tho lonely heath,
and as often as their wanderings bring
tho gypsies lo the placo whero ono of
"our peoplo" ia laid they stop and pay
a short tribute to tho memory of him
who sleops boneath the moss or heather.
Southern Alnnkii.
Alaskans claim that although its
northern portion roaches mto the Arc
tic regions, its southern part has a win
ter not so sovoro as that of Maryland
and Kontucky. Tho cause ia the warm
current oalled the Kuro Sino, coming
from Japan, which may be called
the Gulf Btroam of tho Pacific. fcUtku
la in the same latltudo as Aberdeen,
Scotland, hoing 57 degrees North lati
tude. For fifty years tho records of tho
Russian observatory showed only three
times a temperature a? low as zero.
Tho 'southeastern portion is clothed
with foresta which are mostly conifer
ous4 and as dense as those of Washing
ton or Oregon Territories. The abun
dant yellow cedar furnishes a thnbor
for shipbuilding m whloh tho teredo
iocs not work.
r?imi WollOr.
In Hainham ohurchyard, in Kout,
England, ia a wooden railtorab over tho
remains of Job Baldwin, who diod ia
1837. The people thero aver that he ia
tho original of Sam Weller. Ho waa
certainly at ono time sorvaut to. ono of
tho two originals from whom Mi.- Pick
wick was drawn. An old gentleman
who Know Job Baldwin tobi tue writer
of these linea that Job used to boast\
ofton that bis name was tho only ono
that bad not a nickname. lt wil he \
remembered bow in tho story Sam Wel
ler offers this as a compliment to Job
Trotter. There is not one character
perhaps in Dickens that a practical man
could hopo to take aa an Example, Ho
has not created one hero or horoiue.
Thackeray's character's aro flesh and
blood; Dickens' are phantoms. Florence
Dombey,Kate Nickleby.Mary Graham,
Emma Haredalo.one and all,aro feeble
ness itself. Wo quoto with delight the i
sayings of many of tho characters as
epigrams, but the peoplo themselves we
never saw or shall seo. But when wo
leave his, delineations of character and
turn to his endeavors after social am?
ohoratlon,hardly any praise can bo call
ed exaggeration. Salroy Gamp, as wo
have saiddins made way at the hospitals
for gentlewomen. Dotheboys Halls are
buried full fathom Ilvo in the earth.
Bumbledom is, we trust, at au ond. At
time when it was thought a necessity
for comic writers to be more or loss
coarse. Dickens began a career which
loft off os lt began, sweet amt unsullied
ns tho mb .d of an infant; because tho
mau himself had children and was Jeal
ous for their Innocence, and because ho
bad ?6 high a sense of tho dignity of his
profession that he never descended to
uso it for base purposes.
A c'oioriuio Alining Town.
It does not take many days to build
the kind of town miners are willing to i
livoln, and they don't oaro what sort . .
of a place they put lt in, oithor, if it is,'
onlj near the mines. It may bo in thr
very midst of a pino forest, or out <
jtlie'steep^ bare; eldo of a rrtoiL??.^)?^,^.
stones and rocks. They cut down a
few treas, and leave all tho stumps
standing;or they clear away the biggest
of the stones, enough to make a sort of
street; and then evory man falla to and
builds tho cheapest house ho cau,hi the
quickest way: sometimes of logs, some
times out of rough boards; often only
with ono room, very rarely with more
than three. When thoy wish to make
thom very flue thoy make tho end, front
ing tho street, what is callod a "battle
ment front;" that is, a straight square
wall, higher than the houso, so as to
convey tho Impression that the houso is
much bigger than it is. It is a misera
ble make-believo,and goos farther than
any other ono thing to give to tho now
towns in tho West a hideous and con
temptible look. These log cabins, board
shanties, and battlement fronts aro all
crowded as near together as they can
bo, and aro set close to the street: no
front yards, no back yards, uo yards at
tho sidos,-but.around tho wholo sottle
ment,n stony wilderness. It is'nt worth
willie to put anything in order, because
thoro ls no knowing how long the pooplo
will stay. Perhaps the mines will not
turn (ditto bo good ones;and then every
body will movo away, and in very little
j moro time than it took to build the
town it will be deserted. There aro
a great many such deserted towns in
Colorado and in California. They al ways
scorn to mo to look like a kind of grave
yard. _'_
Vamolam war.
In a lecture on the uso of camels in
war, delivorcd in London, Lord Na
pier of Magdala said that a strong,
woll-fed camel could carrv 300 pounds,
i including two riders, and ovon 400
pounds; but there must bo great care
in padding the saddle, for a sore baok
tends to undermine the constitution of
tho animal. No animal should bo in
trusted for driving to any one not
thoroughly accustomed to tho work,
and tho rear seat should be taken by
soldiers. Tho men, too, should have a
few lessons in camel riding. They
should be instructed to Bit loosely on
the saddlo, and so allow their move
ments to fall in with those of tho camel,
and by so doing they would add to
their own comfort and that of tho
animal. To sit tightly and to grid
with tho knees, as on horseback, pio
ducod a needless strain on rider and
animal, and gave a less secure seat. In
the actual clash of arms tho camel?
should form tho bulwark of tho square,
and tho inner part of the square should
bo protected by the iiro of tho soldiers,
who could have the txxllea of the cam?
ols for their protection. .
Tri? milk of tho ooooauut,-Thoro are?
no pumpa whore tho 'cocoanut grows.
Which perhaps, aooounts for tho milk in
it. '
t.-? y .?. r, v.- <? ? ;?v 'v.

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