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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, February 09, 1887, Image 1

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Do thou Groat Liborty Inspire our Souls and make our lives in thy possession happy, or our Deaths Glorious in thy Just Dofonoe."
l?eenuso or Theo.
rd y lifo lion grown so dear to mo
Uscnuse of thou I
IVly maiden with tho oyes dem uro,
And quiet, mouth and forehead pure.
Joy makes a Bummor In my heart
Hecauso thou art I
The vory winda melodious ho
Iteeauso of theo t
Tho rose, is sweeter for thy sake,
Tho waves in Koiter muslo break.
On bright or wing tho swallows dart
(teca ti MO thoa arti
My ?ky is swept of shadows lreo
HeaaUBQ of thee t
Keri ow ami care have lost their sting,
The blossoms glow, tho linnets sing,
AM things in my delight have part
lb causo tl on nrl I
uj?ufc ( say you shall not."
"And 1 say I will.
Tho speakers were husband and wire.
The iermor leaned on tho mantlc-picco
und frowned angrily, looking down at,
the latter as he spoke. The wife still
sitting by the tea-table, for that meal
bad just been finished, did not glance
up as she answered, but went on talk
ing to her lap-dog in terms of fond en
dearment and feeding lt with sugar.
Y esl they wero husband and wife,
tioyen years b?foro Carrie Dayton, just
IS, freshly freed from tho trammels of
a boarding school, had launched forth
into society with ahead full of roman
tic ideas of love and marriage. There
she luid met with Harry Aylmer. To
her lie seemed almost a god, so far su
perior lo all others that very speedily
she. lound herself thinking more of him
than any other admirer and listening
with bealing pulses lo his tones,.
And when ho met Carrie Dayton he
felt thal bo had encountered his fate.
To h i iii Ibero was something irresisti
ble in lier bright freshness and beauty
and in tho winning gayoty ot her art
less ainnners. Then the polished mar
ble of lier fair skin; tho golden curls
I lin * fell around her shoulders: the
bright blue eye, full of ?ightj-thoso all
posessod rare attractions for this man,
whose heart had been so long untouched.
Dav after day found him at her side,
puning forth every effort to make him
self agreeable. 80 after a few brief
inbhtha they wove married, and went
forth lo I read life's journey together.
They traveled for a while, and the
young bride, delighted with the new
aeches opened up beforo ber, was hard
ly conscious of tho fact that his will,
im: her wishes, guided and controlled
all their movements. It was very sweet
lo obey ont; she loved so fondly. At
last tliey settled in 11 home of their own,
rcph te with every comfort and luxury
ami life began in earnest.
New came the crisis. From early
childhood Harry Aylmer had shown
himself possessed of an ironTwill, stern
and unyiehling. (Janie, too, had a !
will of her own. For the first few j
months ol' marri ago it was very pleasant
for her to have him will for her-and '
gracefully she yielded; but at length
the reins were drawn too tight, the in
ti-:.se selfishness of the husband been 11 io
apparent even lo ('arrie, and thore be
gan to grow up a spirit of rebellion on
her pail, a desire lo judge for herself
sometimes.and act accordingly. Mai
lers grew from bad to worse.
Thew pleasant little courtesies which
M ive lo keep the love burning brightly
01, the domestic altar were by degrees
utterly neglected, and the lamp of love
grew dim. After tho lapso of three
years, however, a beautiful babe lay on
Ibo mother's bosom. Reconciliation
ensued-not spoken, hut tacsitly agreed
upon. Husband and wife seemed
drawn together by this liftlo golden
link, and while tho little angel gladden
ed their home happiness remained.
(hita bitter time came, which should
have served lo 1111 ito thoso severed
hearts more closely. Tho child sicken
ed and jdiod. When tho stricken par
ents bowed over their dead each inen
laly resolved lo be all in all to each
other, that no shadow should come
between them; but tho lips Spoke not
ol' tho resolve made in their own
strength -piido kept them silent.
As tho months passed on tho old
spirit revived in each; and now, after
a few years of wedded lifo, behold tho
pair whom "God has joined together,"
living in almost constant enmity-each
lien rt hardened and cold, never a loving
word or caress, only Silence and up
Mr. and Mrs. Aylmer bad been ask
ed to an evening party, and both had
expected to go. Rut tho husband had
como home outof humor, Which ho pro
ceeded to vent pu his wife, concluding
by saying ha could not go lo tho party.
Mrs. Aylmer, vexed at his maunoi' even
moro than at his words, had replied,
I ai fly, that she should go without him.
''Tho invital ion bas been accepted; wc
hs vt* no good reason for staying away;
?iud 1, for oho, intend to gol"
"? J Ul J say you shall not," said tho
husband, pushing Iiis chair angrily back
from the tea table, standing up, taking
a turn across tho door, and then going
to tho maullo piece, where ho stood, as
wo havo described, looking gloomily
down on his wife.
"And I say I will," was the retort,
as the speaker turned away from Hie
table, but retained her seat , and began
to fondle her lap-dog. This was too
much for tho husband. Tho cool Indif
ference cut him to tho heart. With a
sniolhdrcd oath he Hung himself out ol
tho room, put on his hat in the hall and
went off to his club.
When the door was heard banging
after him Mrs. Aylmer roso from her
chair, an angry light in her eyes.
"1 only half incant, it," .shesaul, "but
now 1 will go. If he had only asked mo
lo remain kindly; if ho said lid was
sick, or even tired; if he had smiled on
hiii I would have stayed at home. But
1 will n il be ordered."
Never had she dressed willi more
care. Never had sh o looked more
beautiful flinn when she enlerered her
barringo lo drive lo tho ball.
After a couple of hours tho husband
carno home, for by this timo bis anger
was over, and he felt rather ashamed
ol'himself. His rage returned, howev
er, when he found that Mrs. Aylmer
had renHy gone, for he had persuaded
himself that after all she would remain.
"How dare sho defy me thus?" ho
j cried angrily. 13llt after a while carno
calmer thoughts. His mind began to
wander over past years. His heart
yearned for the mother ol'his babe.
Memory, with her busy lingers, had un
locked (he chambers of his heart, and
lier softening iulluonco was doing its
The hour giew late, and he began to
wonder why .she did not return. Opon
big the door, ho looked into Ibo desert
ed street. A strange dread stole ovei
him, for nearer and nearer carno lin
sound ol'wheels, driven rapidly. Hast
ening down, as the carriage reached
die door, he was confronted by a mai
who sprang out, exclaiming breathless
ly: "Mr. Aylmer, if you wish to sci
your wife alive, come with me." Am
forcing tho terror-Stricken husband in
lo the vehiclo, they wero whirled away,
Returning from the party, Carri?
Aylmer sat alone in her carriage, no
thinking of the gay scene she had left
but of ber unhappy married lifo. Sin
was laking lo herself much blame thai
she bad not been moro submissive
moro forbearing, and wondering i
it were too lalo to undo the evil. Ten
der thoughts ol' the husband, once S(
dear, wore stealing into her heart. Sud
denly there came the sound ol' inch run
liing, the cry of "lire!" the whir of Hw
engine, the rear and plunge of horses
the ineffectual o Ho its of tho driver ti
oh i roi them; then sho was thrown viol
I i ly forward, and all was darkness.
1 When the repentant husband liai
reached tin; side ol' his wife death lau
scaled IHM- eyes. Some one bad litte*
her fair form and homo it Alto tho near
est house, but the vital spark had fled
The, injury was internal, and not ;
blemish bioko (he pure white surface o
(he marble face.
Carrie Aylmorjnovor looked lovel ie
than now, when sho lay Ibero in he
gala robes. Her dress of pale-blu
silk, with its frost-work of lace am
pearls, only made moro {pallid tho round
ed form, lately so full of lifo and health
She bad passed away without pam, am
very placid was tho sweet face, fas
growing cold in death.
Words cannot picture that stron,
man's agony. He Hung himself bosh!
tho body, and bis voice'grow hoarse wit
pleading for one moro look, one singh
word of forgiveness. Alas! nono came
Years afterwards a grave was dug b
stranger hands in a far distant lam?
Nou? Ibero know the lonely, broken
hearted man whoso last resting place i
was, had, when alive, borne tho nain
of Harry Aylmer, and bad spent lil
days evor since that terrible night i
vain remorse for that fatal quarrel.
Manipulating (be Mandolin.
The mandolin is still driving out th
banjo as tho reigning fashionable cn)
rico in Now York. Tho only implen:
ant feature about it lo tho learner ls Hi
knlfc-bladc-liko sharpness of its lin
wiro strings. Two pairs aro woun
with German silver, and arc not e
cruel as the others, but the unwoun
four, hardly thicker than horsehair;
seem to cut to tho bono tho finger em
that press them down upon the frot:
Of course that pain and troublo em
when each linger of tho left hand is ti
ped Svith a bony, callous spot, and or
.must expect somo such trouble in foin
ing a close acquaintance with ai)
stringed instrument. When naturo lu
provided that protection, tho mandoli
player, if an oxport, can produco son
pleasing effects by producing tho lon
by percussion on tho strings over tl
frots, instead of by strumming with
bit of tortoise-shell hold botweon tl
fingers, as tho usual method is.
IN A CAVIO Ol.' ?OI,l>.
A nowUdoriitg Htory of Iiost Hichos
Which Wore Bonrohod Voi"
For Many Years.
On tho northern bordier of tho groat
National park, whore riso tho toworing
peaks of thu Snow mountains, there has
long lived a man known as "The
Wanderer." This man has never Illili,
in the many years he has been known
to Hie hunters and trappers of the region,
any settled habitation, but hus wandered
backward and forward through tho
Snow mountains, apparently ovoi' on ?
tho search for something. Scattered
through the mountains he bus several
rude huts in which bo sojourned for a
few days at a lime, only lo take up
ilga in Hie weary cholo of his endless
search. Hy the men of l ille and trap ho
has long been considered crazy, and the
I lillians of tho section have evidently
thought tho same ol' him, and, with Hie
well-known pity entertained by the red
tribes for those mentally a filleted by tho
Great Spirit, have never molested him
in any way. From a hunter and
trapper (d' the Snow mountains, who
was ht Laramie a few days ago, Ibo
scribo learned ol' the "Wanderer's"
singular life and of his death, which
took place sonic two months ago. The
old man was found In one ol' his
numerous halting places by a party ol
hunters several days after his wander
ings had ceased forever.
An examination ol' tho papers on bis
person showed that his bad been a
madness full of method, and revealed a
tale boforo which the story ol' Alt liaba
and the robbers' cave pales into
insignificance. Tho old man, whose
name was ascertained to be Arthur
Bethanny, though ho had probably not
heard it called for ii score of years,
came lo thc Snow mountains about
twenty-live years ago in the prime, and
vigor of a youthful manhood. A native
of Pennsylvania, his youthful blood had
been bred by accounts of the great
West, and he had started for the new
country, joining an exploring and bind
ing party al.St. Louis, The parly pene
trated into Wyoming, passed through
the Big Horn basin, and in tho lalo fall
ol' 1801 found themselves on the head
waters of tho Clarke fork of thc Tollo w:
stono. Following up tho Clarke fork
they soon came upon tho cannon of tho
stream, and, entering it, passed through
and came out among tho mountains in
tho conti lies of tho great National park.
I [ere they inaugurated a ?rand hunt
among tho mountain game they found
so plentiful. One day llethanny
wandered away from the party in pur
suit of a hear ho had wounded, and
followed tho trail into the Snow moun
tains. Iii a deep and rocky gorge he
ran his gamo lo earth, and saw him
enter an opening in the. side of the
gorge. On approaching the opening ho
saw that it hi list lead into a cavern of
considerable extent, and at oneo boldly
I followed the game. Ile soon found the
bear, just dead from its wounds.
Hut where did ho lind il V In tho
midst ol' a scene of dazzling splendor.
The entire interior of the cavern was a
j mass ol' virgin gold studded with
dazzling gems. From seams overhead
there eamo only a small amount ol'light,
and in the seini-obsciirily tho gems
gave forth luminous rays and tho pure
oro Ulled tim cavern with a golden
sheen. Scarcely aldo to belieyo the
evidence of his senses, llethanny
examined the precious stones of the
cavern at first with fear and trembling,
and Iben with tho wildest transports of
joy. In tho narrow, rocky scams which
traversed the golden mass of the cavern
walls he recognized tho diamond's
brilliant white, tho red llame of the
ruby and the Hashes ol' beautiful bluish
green peculiar lo tho turquoise. With
head in a whirl and heart beating
tumultuously, llethanny left the
gorgeous cavern lo tell his comrades of
his extraordinary discovery, for thora
were enough riches there to make them
all Rothschilds. But scarcely had ho
otnergoil from tho cavern when he
found himself enveloped in a suddon
and whirling mountain snowstorm. In
vain li? tried again to lind tho cavern
outrance, and in his search bo must
have wandered far away from the
locality. All night tho storm raged,
and when morning broke, cold and
gray, he found that he was hopelessly
lost. Tho snow covered tho ground to
a depth of many Inches, and he could
neither lind thc cavo nor his way back
to his companions. To bo brief, he
passed tho long winter amid tho deep
mountain snows, and when spring carno
at last ho renewed bis search for tho
cavorn of gold and gems, and searched
for it until tho day bo lay down to die,
tinco months ago,
Tho Measurement, of tho Year.
Tho length of tho ye is strictly ?JG5
days 5 hours '18 minutos 40 seconds and
sovon tonths of a second-tho timo re
quired for the involution of tho oarth
round the sun. About 46 li. C., Julius
Caesar, by tho help of Sosigines, an
Alexandrian philosopher, caine to a tol
erably clear understanding of tho length
of a year, and decreed that evory fourth
year fihould bo held to consist of 300
days for tho purposo of absorbing tho
odd hours. By this rather clumsy ar
rangement tho natural time foll behind
tho reckoning, as, in reality, a day
every fourth year is too much by lt
minutes, 10 seconds, and three-tenths
or a second, so it inevitably followed
thai, thp beginning of tho year moved
onward ahead of the point at winch it
was in the days of Caesar. From the
lime of tlic Council of Nice, in 328 A.
I)., when the vernal equinox fell cor
rectly on Hie 21st of March, Pope Greg
ory found, in 1"?82 A. I)., that there bud
been an over-reckoning lo the extent of
lu days, and that tho vernal equinox
fell on the 1 llb of March. To correct
tho past error, lie decreed tiiat tho 5th
of October of that year should bo reck
oned as the Ipili, and, to koot) thc year
right in future-tho overplus hoing 18
houini t>7 minutes .ind!'.) seconds ina
century- he ordered that every centen
nial year thal, could not ho divided by
four (1700, 1800,1000, 2100, 2200) should
not be bissextile, as it otherwise would
lie-, thus, In short, dropping the extra
day throb timi's every 400 years. While
in Catholic countries Ibo ( i regor ian
stylo was readily adopted, it was not so
in Protestant nations. In Britain it
was not adopted until 17.V2, by which
lime the discrepancy between the .lillian
und Gregorian periods amounted t J ll
days. An act of parliment was passed
dictating that the 3d of September
should bo reckoned as the 14th, and that
three of every four centennial years
should be leap years: 1600 not hoing a
leap year, thc new and old styles now
dllTor twelve days, our 1st of January
being equivalent to the 1.8th old style.
In Russia alone of Christian countries
is th? <dd stylo retained. The old stylo
is still retained in tho Treasury accounts
of Great Britain. In (dd times tho
year was hold lo begin on tho 25th ot*
March, and this usago or piece of an
tiquity, is also still observed in the com
putations of Ibo Chancellor of tho Brit
ish J'jhxchouquer. So tho first day of
the .il..,n\c;itl year ia tho otb of April,
being "Old Lady Day."
How to Cook Oysters.
A lady who is famous for ber oyster
cooking, and who has boen for years
making a collection of choice recipes,
contributes a few whoso excellence and
novelty she can vouch for. A "mock
mast" is easy and delicious. The
liquor is first drained from tho meats
and any chanco pieces of shell removed;
Iben tho oysters aro placed in a frying
pan and set upon tho lire, where, as
fast as the liquor collects it, is drawn off.
This process is continued until the
oysters are clone brown, when they aro
served hoi, with fresh butler.
"billie pigs in blankets" aro made
by first draining tho oysters and season
ing willi salt and pepper, and then
culling fat bacon into very thin slices
and wrapping a big oyster in each slice,
I fastening if willi a woodoo skewer-a
toothpick is best. The frying-pan must
bo heated well before the little pigs aro
put in, and they must bo cooked long
enough for tho bacon to crisp. They
are to bo served immediately on toast
cut into small pieces.
Panned oysters are very nice ami are
savory and digestiblo for invalids. Tho
oysters must be drained and bits of
Bhell removed. Thoy must then be put
into a liol pan containing a tablespoon
ful of butter, half a lovel teaspoonful of
salt, and a little popper to a quart of
meals, and cooked over a brisk Uro until
they begin to curl, which wdll be in five
minutes. Thoy can bc served hot on
toast or eaten plain.
A'more elaborate dish is an oyster
loaf. Tako a stnlo loaf of bread and
eut ont the heart of it with a sharp
knife, being earoful not to break thc
crust, Which must still keep tho form
of the loaf. Break tho crumbs up very
lino and dry them slowly in tho oven.
When dried fry three teacupfuls of them
in two tablespoonfuls of hot butter
until thay aro brown and crisp. Put a
quart of cream to boll, and when lt
boils stir in tbreo spoonfuls of Hour
which has been mixed with half a cup
of cold milk. Cook this a low minutes
and season with salt and pepper. It
makes a rich eroam sauce, l'ut a layer
of this Inside tho loaf, then a layer of
oysters previously seasoned with salt
and popper, thou another layer of sanco
and ono of fried crumbs. Alternate
thoso until tho loaf is full, having tho
last layer a thick one of crumbs. Bako
slowly half an hour andaorvo In ii folded
napkin or a dish with sprigs of parsley.
Iron pipe ls muoh stiffer for a glvon
wolght than solid iron. For a glvon
outside diametor 'he Iron bar will boar
ho most woigh'
Two Ways of Preparing It for Uso as
Food-"Kub-a-Boo" and
Tho meat, cut in long (lakes from tho
warm carcass of tho b?llalo ami dried
in tho sun, is af forward beat?n into
shreds by Hails upon a door of buffalo
hide on tho open prairie. Thc hldo is
then sewed into ii bag, tho meat jammed
in, tho lop sowed up all but on? corner,
into which more meat is browned, and
then tho fat, which bas meanwhile boon
tried, is poured in scalding hot, tilling
every crevice. A species of cranberry
is often ?ulded with tho meat. Tho
whole forms a bolster shaped bag, as
solid and as heavy ?ts slono, and tn this
condition it robin j ns, perhaps for years,
until eaton. Kach b;i<r weighs fruin 100
to 120 pounds. Ono who has tried il
will not wonder that it was onco used
in tho turmoils of tho contests between
tho Northwest and Hudson Hay
companies to form ti redoubt, armed
with two swivel guns.
Thjcro aro two ways of preparing
tliis -ono called "rub-a-boo," when it
is boiled in a great deal of water, and
makes a soup-, the othor more favorito
disli is "rousseau," when it is thrown
into a frying i>an, fried in ?ls own fat,
with the addition, perhaps, of a little,
salt pork, aird mixed with a small
amount of Hour or broken biscuit,
lint sometimes, when philosophers arc
hard put lo it, and forced to take their
meal In Hie canoe, thc pemmican is
cuten raw; chopped out of Ibo bag with
?i hatchet, and accompanied simply by
tho biscuit, which has received tho
sobriquet of "lied river granite. " These
wonderful objects, as huge as sea
bisca '. aro at least thrCa-quarlors of an
inch i . thickness, and against them tho
lint it.-.dist's geological hummer is always
brought into requisition.
lint the "infidel dish," as rousseau is
termed, is by comparison with thc
Others palatable, though it is even then
impossible lo so disguise it ns lo avoid
tho suggestion of tallow candles-, and
this and tho leathery, or india rubber,
structure of tho meat arc its elliot dis
qualifications. Hut oven rosseau may
lose its charms when taken as a steady
diet tinco times a day for weeks,
especially when it is served in ti frying
lian, and, breakfast or dinner over, ono
sccs tho re menants with tho beef or
pork all hustled together in tho boiling
kottle; tho biscuit, broken bannocks
and unwashed cups placed iii tho bread
bag; tho plates, knives and forks lossod
into Hie meat dish; and all, combined
in the ample folds ol' nh old bit of
gunny cloth, which has served daily at
once ?is dishcloth and tablecloth, thrown
into tho canoe lo rest until tho next
meal, when at last Billy linds timo to
wash thc dishes-tho tablecloth never.
Wells la logia.
Wells arc naturally greatly prized in
tho hot, arid parts of India, and many
Hindoos earn great renown by making
(hem where they aro much needed.
.Some religious peoplo seek for merit in
tho construction of large, wells in public
Ihroughfurcs and other places for Ibo
purpose of supplying travellers with
waler. Very often peoplo uso thom
for irrigating their holds. A largo well,
built of st rong masonry, with a circular
white smooth platform round if for
people, to sit. on when they draw or
drink water, costs from 2,000 to ,1,000
rupees. Even tho wants of tho bruto
creation ure not overlooked by tho Hin
doos. They made reservoirs of strong
masonry, about live or six yards long
and a yard Wido, adjoining a well, ai?d
in the hot season these arc always kept
lilied with willer. Returning fron? pas
ture or from tho Ileitis in tho forenoon
for repose, and retirinji at dusk for the
night, -whole droves of cows, bullocks,
buffaloes and goats slake their thirst
hero. Land-owners and wealthy men
vie with each other in constructing
these wolls and reservoirs; and princes
sometimes imitate tho cxamplo of their
opulent subjects. Tho average cost of
an ordinary well bas boon estimated to
be about three or four hundred rupees.
Of course it varies not only according
to tho depth of water and kind of soil,
but also to tho kind of labor employed.
Somo peasants, who, with members of
their own families mako wells them
selves, have been known to have con
structed them, especially where tho
waler is near tho surface, at a trifling
cost of 100 rupees each. Nevertheless,
oven in th oso parts of tho country whero
tho cost is very moderato, the wells aro
insnlllclont. Wells havo been objects
of great endearment with somo vil
lagers. Not satisfied with wasting timo
and money in tholr own and their chil
dren's marriages and in thoso of idols
and trees, thoy Bomotlmes marry wolls
with great pomp and ceremony. In
somo parts of tho country wells aro
worshipped, and votivo offerings aro
often soon lvlncr near thom
isolation of This Class or English
Toil o r.s.
The pay of tho miner has had Hs pe*
oulhirity. By tho fathom of ground
worked, or hy tho ''bing" of lead pro
duced, it was impossible to measure tho
work dono by a company of miners very
often, boneo the wages settlements woro
not frequent, and there was a custom
of paying a given weekly sum on ac
count-a sum which had tho graphic
narnu of "subsistence money." With
settlements thus delayed, some of tho
miners necessarily ran accounts long
with tradesmen; and if the lead was
found in less quantities than had been
expected, and tho settlement yielded
nothing to tho miner, the deb!, would
perforce go on from limo to limo and
cases have been known of men who
lived long and died in debt, while others
have been recorded in which unexpect
ed mining success enabled a miner to
clear off the debt of years-bis own,
and even that of a father. The writer
has been a shopkeeper in a mining vil
lage received from a miner several
pounds in clearance of a debt incurred
years before by a stepfather, who had
passed away from mines and debts.
There is comparative isolation of Hie
miners, owing to tho nature and tho
location of thc work and that isolation
has lcd to tho preservation of customs
that havo passed away elsewhere and
led to tho retention of dialects and
localisms in speech. Modes of speech
are quaint; olden words aro retained,
and at limes peculiar methods of de
scription ol' individuals needed where
there are many scions of similarly
named families; and in .some of the
places of worship, especially when "sup
plied" by local preachers, there aro in
dications of the quaintness and of old
customs. In places the choir is still
aided by liddle and bassoon; the preach
er will employ a dialect that puzzles tho
unaccustomed to follow it, and tho sing
ing has moro heart than melody. But
in tho dales it is certain that much of
tho religious lifo is due lo tho offorls,
unwearied and unp.iid, of theso local
preachers. In tho schools, too, often
begun by tho proprietors of tho mines,
thero aro tho indications of tho com
parative poverty of some of the peoplo,
of tho varying dialects, and of tho pat
ient struggle in tho "hard tl ines" that
so often fall on tho lead miners; for, of
late, Spanish and American "cheap
labor" have done much to ruin tho load
trade by flooding this country with lead
often rich in silver, and therefore pre
ferred to that of our own dales.
Demand l'or a Smaller Coin.
There is a growing demand in Brook
lyn, N. Y. for a smaller coin than tho
cent. Tile little red coin has traveled
west until it has reached tho shores of
tho Pacific, whore it may bo sa id .to meot
the brass cash of Cathay, amino smal
ler coin is needed in tho west. But
here a halt-cent would tend to prevent
waste muong tho poorer people. Thus
thero are plenty ol' toys which uro re
tailed at 1 cent each which could bo,
and would bo, profitably sohl at half a
cent. Ono must buy an oven number
of pounds of sugar and an even number
of .some kind ol' goods, or loso half a
cent. It will sound mean to somo peo
ple to bear one complain of thc loss of
half a cent, but tho old Scotch proverb
about wilful waslo and woeful want
can not bo ignored. "Tho standard
coin of Franco is tho franc," said a
Frenchman to mo, "and it is as big a
coin as a dollar is here. That is be
cause we have also tho centime-a fifth
of your cont. It would mako America
richer to givo tho peoplo a half-cent
Tin; Theatres ot'Berlin.
Tho cost of tho royal theatres in Ber
lin, including the opera-house, during
tho last twelve months has reached tho
sum ol' two and a half million marks.
Tho Emperor's yearly contribution out
of his privy purse is 150,000 marks; but
in addition to this bo also pays the
deficit, which is very considerable.
Tho non-romunerativo portions of tho
royal theatre system are tho opera and
tho ballet. Tho legitimate stago always
yields a handsome surplus. All tho
members of tho royal family havo their
boxes, for which they regularly pay tho
duo annual rout, although some of them
do not onco enlor tho theatres during
tho season. For overy special imperial
performance tho Emperor invariably
pays the whole cost. These perform
ances tako placo at tho visits of foroign
princes to Berlin, great parades, and
public celebrations. Tho failuro of tho
opora to pay its way is due in a great
part to tho tremendous wages of singing
folk. Horr Niomann, tho tenor, has to
appear for forty-eight ovonings during
six months, and for each ovonlng ho baa
an honorarium of 750 marks. This
equals 36.000 marks a year,

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