Newspaper Page Text
.Published W eekly,
FRIDAY. APRIL % 1890.
BY S. A. BROWN & Co.
SI?EI?P A N I) TIlKIll TOI50KS
HOW PROTECTED WOOL RESTRICTS
No Citrpttt Wool IM Gi ow ll in tho United
States-Manufacturer* ?ii nut A l wu j H lin ve
Aunt rallan Wool lo Malro Fino Dr.'SS
(loo UH-How l'i<it< <Him Cut* Itotli Way?.
Wool is ti Htaplo of infinito variety, No
two sheep, oven of tho sanio breed and
pasturing on tito same grass land, will
.vield fleeces Unit will brine; exactly the
So with brcedB of sheep and their nat
ural pasturage. A hundred sheep tiru
transported from Saxony to Yorkshire, j
England. In a few years' time tho line
merino wool of tho Saxon sheep will
either bo considerably coarser iii quality
or lighter in weight.
Experience in sheep breeding luis
taught the wool growers of the world
that certain localities aro host suited for
curtain breeds ol' sheep, lt does not fol
low that any of these breeds should be
of ti previously known variety. The
great Hooks of Australia are the result of
many crosses between the different vu
.i- VntrUiilt mid ii? Wwi v ??.>>?
riOUCd Ul l.UgUU? UHU v?..tO?J ....C~r.
Tho locality of thu sheep run lias much i
to do with the value of tho I leece. In
England, where tho pasture is like a
garden lu wu and where the shepherd bus
not too many sheep to attend to, the
fleece is comparatively nco from dirt or
artificial impurities. On the other bund,
fleeces coming from tho Argentine Re
public are noted for tho number of burrs
knotted ill them. This makes a serious
dijlcrcncu in Ibo price paid for tho wool.
Sheep were fast brought to tho United
Stilles in 1G0?). Exactly 200 years after
ward the flrut important consignment of
merino sheep arrived here. Unlimbered
'1,000. Silice theil tho merino and Eng
lish strains hu ve been blended in nil tho
flocks in this country.
In nome respects the climate of the
eastern halt of the United Stales is un
titled for rearing sheep in greatest per
fection. Tho extremes of beat and cold
tiro too great. In moist, equable cli
mates sheep never drink water, but
quench their thirst willi succulent grass.
Lambs are shorn for the iii.si. time
when they uro eight months old. Tbis
shearing is called the "llrst clip," and
commands a higher price relatively than
any subsequent. The weight of a first
clip fleece is not usually moro than three
pounds, and often less limn this weight.
England seems to bo the only densely
populated country in tho world where
sheep farming is carried on successfully.
Tho groat sheep runs of Australia hilve
only their owners und shepherds nour
I'hem. So also in Ibo Argentino Repub
lic, nod in Texas the inhabitants near
sheep pasturages are much fewer than
in other parts of these countries.
To some extent sheep raising appears
to biive been almost ti pioneer exploit in
this country. In 1808 there were 88,000,
000 sheep east of tho Mississippi river.
In 1888 the numbonwna reduced to l?l,
000,000. Even these 13,000,000 do not
bhow a fair average, for an undue pro
portion of thom aro in tho twenty-eight \
counties of Ohio which form a natural
Vor one reason or other, other states
between tho Ailaut io and the Mississippi
river bu VC given up largely tho raising
of sheep. In tho prosperous farming
state of Iowa dairy farming luis been
found moro profitable. Illinois raises
dairy products, too, us well as corn and
wheat on former sheep pasturo lauds.
At tho presenl limo the great wool grow
ing states, excepting Ohio, aro in order
a? follows: California, Texas, New Mexi
co territory und Oregon. Three of these
aro practically frontier states; tho fourth,
California, in its eli mato resembles Aus
According to the report of the agri
cultural department tho total number of
sheep in tho United States'iii 1888 was
4!!,.') 14,755. These yielded a total wool
clip of ?101,070,121 pounds. Tho total
quantity of unmanufactured wool im
ported into this country in 18*w wa? 114,
404,17:1 pounds. Of this quantity about
81,000,000 pou ul s were for tho manu
facture of carpets.
Ul! t lor the tariff of 1S88 imported wools
are divided into three classes, 'fliest, uro
combing wools, clothing wools and car
pet wools. Tho lirat two (dusses aro sub
ject to it duty of ten cents n pound if
thirty cents or less in value. If they aro
moro t han thirty cents a pound in vu lue
the duty is twelve cents a pound. Car
pet wools pay a duty of two and a half
cents a pound if tho value is twelve cen ls
or less it pound, and live cents a pound
if tho value is moro than twelve cents.
These duties represent respectively ad
valorem 4:1.2:1, 54.7H and ?4.08 per cent.
lt is quite apparent, therefore, that tho
farmer in this country is abundantly pro
tected-so much so, in fact, that prudi
cally no wool is exported oui of tho
On t ?io other hand, it would not follow,
if wool was protected more highly than
at present that tho imports of foreign
wool would bo lessoned.
A.ll the wools produced ?ti tho United
States are of medium grades. It is
neither the very best nor the worst. Tho
sheep w hich produce carpet wools have
fleeces which average two and ii half to
threo pounds each. This does not begin
to pay tho American farmer who raises
sheep for the lleeeo alone, and so that
every pound of carpet wool is imported.
This does away with tho 81,000,000
pounds of imported carpet wool referred
Again, the American manufacturer
cannot make lino dress goods for ladies'
wear from American grown wool. Uti
has to pack bis trunk and go to London
to tho great Australian wool salea. Thorn
hu buys all tho fine wool ho requires
iiho any unprotected English competi
tor. "When his tine wool arrives at New
York lie is glad lo sholl out 51 per cent,
ad valorem duty on il, all for the sacred
cause of protection!
If foreign wool was admitted freo of I
duty tlio farmer could not lose anything
on carpet wools, because ho does not
produce them. Ho would lose some-1
thing ovin- tho freu importation of Uno
wools, because some of liisi wools uro
now used for this purpose.
lint us soon us tho American uiunufttc
turors luul an unrestricted entrance to
tho London market tho prico of the
world's woo! clip would KU up like a
rocket. Tho American Hock muster,
like Ihv American wheat grower, would
become au exporter. Ilia heavy, me
dium grade lleeces would bring him
higher prices in thu world's market than
they do in Philadelphia dbw, Not only
that, but ho could turn his attention to
improving bis breed of sheep so ns to
suit tho climate and soil on which they
aro reared, instead of trying to get
merino wool oil mountain sheep.
THE BRITISH COBDEN CLUB.
Sumo l'lcualiu'iit Amoi'lcHiiu Who lloli>ii|;c(l
A favorito argument of tho high turill'
"spell binders" during tho last presiden
tial campaign was that tho Cobden club
of London was expending vast sums of
money in prdor to win tho election for
Mt', Cleveland, who was in favor of a re
duction in the present outrageous turill'.
Although tho accusation afterward
turned out lo bo a beautiful example of
those who livo in glass houses throwing
Stones, yet ninny pooplo in this country
have not H very clear idoa ol' what thu
Cobden club is ami what aro its objects.
Tho Cobden club wits founded in London
in 18015, Ibo year after Richard Cubilen*?
death. Hs object wits to perpetuate tho
memory of tho mau whose miine it boro
by propagating his ?conomie theories.
Us motto is, "Free trade, penco and good j
will among tho mitions."
Every year tho club publishes sollie
work in furtherance ol' these principles. |
It also awards medals for tho best essays
on any subject connected with political
economy to tho students of various lead
ing colleges throughout tho world, in
cluding Yalo and Harvard in this coun
Unco a year tho members wdio may
happen to bu in London at thu dato
lixed dine together, and tho expenses of
this dinner aro paid out of the club
funds. With the exception of tho year
ISSI, Ibo annual income of tho club hus
never exceeded $10,000. In that yearn
special fund of $3,800 was contributed to
defray tho cost of publishing a special
?eries of works on "Systems of Land
Tenure." Tho disturbed relations of
landlord and tenant in Ireland al that
limo called for that effort.
I ; As the membership of tho Cobden club
is almost entirely confined lo the classes
dubbed by high tariff orators in this
country "obi fogies" mid "college Hie
prista,!1 it is not likely that much money
Would como from that (plaiter. The lalo
James A. (?arliold, tho lato Charles
Sumner, the late 10. P. Whipple and thc
lato Kev. Henry Ward J.cocher were
members of tho Cobden ohio, At pres
ent its roll bears tho names of George
Pancroft, Edward Atkinson ami Hugh
uolin tl. Cm 1 Isl?! oit tho Ainoi'luiui Kunu or.
Tho American farmer, although he
cultivates the most fertile soil in the
world, and ought to bc Ibo m xst prosper
ous member ol' tho community, is con
stantly engaged in a bard struggle to
Becure a coin for labio support for hi*
family and a moderate education for his
children, mid to pay his taxes ami keep
out of debt. This is all hu eau reason
ably hope to accomplish; in a large
inajoiily of cases be fails oven to do
this, and, sooner or later, is compelled lo
mortgage his land and reduce bis ex
penditures to the lowest jiossiblo ligure.
Ho luisa paternal government which
has determined that certain classes of in
dustry ought lo bo maintained at Hie
public expense, ?ind for thirty years he
luis been taxed for their support; and
now after theso industries have become
rich and powerful, they combine and
confederate under tho names of trusts,
syndicates ami pools, and dictate the
lernis upon which tho people may pro
curo tho necessities of lifo and carry on
their business.-John C. Carlisle in Jan
Wool KI? Slut Int Irrt.
During the year 1888 lU'ly-sevey wool
dealers and woolen manufact urers failed,
with liabilities amounting to $.),(l.i 7,000
and assets amounting lo ? 1,070,000.
This was pretty good ff om u high pro
tection point of view, ns many of the?
failures wore, doubtless due to the fear of
Mr. Cleveland's re-election.
Unfortunately, during tho year 1HS9,
seventy-two wool dealers ami woolen
manufacturers failed, with liabilities
amounting lo $10,-11'J,OOO ami assets
amount big lo $7,082,000,
The failures in 1880 will, of course, be
ascribed to tho mihi winter. Hut Eng
land had also a mild winter, and the
prosperity of her woolen and worsted
mills has not been so great in ten years.
Secretary Windom also baa increased
tho tariff on worsteds, so that no fault
can bo found on Hutt score. A plausible
suggestion for tho improvement of the
woolen situation would bo less protec
tion and more brains. The opposite plan
has had lt fair trial now.
Kohhci-htH Stun- l'uilrt.
There have been so many robberies of
late in the suburbs of Paris that tho po
lice have unearthed an old "circular,"
which enjoins Ibo inhabitants of the
ibmlieuo, as it is Called, to close the
doors of their houses and tho gates of
their courtyards by ti certain hour in the
evening. This, at first sight, appears to
be rather an odd proceeding, as tho sub
urban residents might have been expect
ed under tin? ci rou instances to require
no hint of this kind. The police, how
ever, seem to have some particular
houses in their eye, as they have learned
by ox pori on co that several ol' tho burg
lars whom (bey have pursued have found
their way imo certain dominios, the doors
of which had been left conveniently
open, us if lo oller them a refuge. In
fill ore. according to Ibo "circular" |ri
v< .only publie establishment whoso
du....i.; i i regulated by (special ordinance
will bo permitted to keep their doors
open a flor 0 o'clock in tho winter
tnottllis.-Parte Cor. London Telegraph.
If tho farmers, mechanics and
laborers ot' any ono state were to
aland trgethor for ono election
their will cou lil not bo resisted,
and il" such ri movement enid raced
tho entire country a political rev
olution would bo the result. JOithor
or both of these situations is not
WiKitins* Theory o? a Tornado.
Regarding tho torondo in Ken
tucky, prof. E. Stone Wiggins
says il was caused by tho peculiar
rolston of tli? planets to the earth,
WniOii rOCKOU iii? IN Ol',1.11 J * t ittil nO
like the rocking ol ii ?hip ?ii it
storm. The sumo cf?ect was pro
duced upon the atmosphere.
I le says the sun and moon keep
two currents always in motion,
but when other heavenly bodies
unite with the former the velocity
of these currents is increased, and
when their speed is sufficient they
break in whirlpools, which wo call
cyclones. When the .sun is South
of tho equator thc Atlantic current
keeps oil shore, and is very dan
gerous to shipping. When however
the sun mid moon happen to he
on the equator and moving North
wnrd this current is deflected upon
the continent and breaks into
The professor says he knew that
if tho Northern and Southern
currents united over Nova Scotia
without previously breaking into
03'clones there would be a disas
trous tidal wave along the coast
of Now England To Wiggins's
prediction of titi groat storm is said
to be due the fact that not a singh?
Ciumdiun vessel was lost, all being
Mercury is frequently injudiciously
used by <puuck doctors in cases of mala
ria and blood poison. Its after efl'ect is
worse than tho or?glD'1.! disease, li, 13. li.
(Botanic, Blood Bal?n) contains no mer
cury, but will diminuto mercurial poison
fi om tho s, stein. Write lo Blood Hahn
Co., Atlanta, (3a., for book nf convin
cing proof of -its curative virtue
A. I?. Britton. Jackson, Term., writes:
'1 ennirht malaria in Louisiana, ami
when thc fever ?it last broke, my sys (em
was saturated with poison, and I had
.?ores in my month and knots on my
tomme. 1 pol two bottles B. B. B..
which bc.ilcd my totR'tlc and mouth and
made a new mini of inc."
Wm. Richmond, Atlanta, (ia., writes:
''My wife could hardly soo. Doctors
called it syphilitic iritis. Her eyes were
in a dreadful condition. Hoi- appetite
failed. She bari pains in her joints and
bones. Her kidneys wore deranged also
and no ono (bought she could be cured.
Dr. Gillam recommended H. B. B .
which she used until her health was en
K. l\ B. Jones. Atlanta, Ca., writes:
"I was troubled with copper colored
eruption*, loss of appetite, pain in back,
aching joints, debility, emaciation, loss
of bair, sore throat, and groat nervous
ness^ B. B. B. put my system in linc
THE LADIES DELIGHTED.
Tho pleasant elTect and tho perfect
safetv with which ladies may uso lim
liquid fruit laxative, Syrup of Figs, under
all conditions make it their favorite rotn
emy. lt is pleasing to tho oyo and to
ibo loste, gentle, yet clTeetinl in acting
on tho kidneys, liver and bowels.
w. J. STEWART,
When you wish an easy shave,
As good as barber over gave,
Just call on mc al my saloon,
At mornimr. eve or noon;
I. cut and dress tho hair with grace,
To t-uit tho contour of thc face.
My room is neat and towels clean,
Scissors sharp and razors koon.
And overyihing I think you'll find
To snit tho face and pienso ibo mind
And all my ait and skill can do
If von just call, I'll do for you.
WHOLESALE-:- DEALER-:- TN
SALT il) FFJITILIMS,
Q3?*T' O ntl and learn prices,
lob. 8, I,SI io.
J. T. BOt
?@J * Druggist % Pharmacist, * ??
^?1 TA'I'UIVLS,1,A'JL,IOJNI S> ?- fo^
- DKALKK IN
MKDICIXIOS, T?TIJI?T and FANCY
A UTI CI. KS also a nice lino Cigars
Fregon pt ions carefully compounded nt all
hours. [ Dec ?th, 1S88.
Dr. T. W, Bouchier,
H H N N KT T S V I L L K, Ho. CA.
KS|? Ollice in I). I). McColl's now
U??fir Building. Up-stairs, west side
Ollice hours from ? a. m., to ti p. m.
Presents in the most elegant form
THE LAXATIVE AND NUTRITIOUS OUIOE
FIGS OF CALIFORNIA,
Combined with the medicinal
virtues of plants known to bc
most beneficial to thc human
system, forming an agreeable
and effective laxative lo perma
nently cnn; Habitual Consti
pation, and thc many ills de
pending on ti weak or inactive
condition of the
KIDNEYS, LIVER AND BOWELS.
lt is litetnOSt excellent remedy known to
CLEANSE THE SYSTEM EFFECTUALLY
Wlicu one is Bilious or Constipated
PURE EILOOD, REFRESHING SLEEP,
HEALTH nod 8TRENQTH
livery one is using it and all arc
delighted with it.
A;,K vouit OHUOQIGT ron
MAliUl-'AOTUHEO ONLY IIY
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
ts AU FRANCISCO, CAL.
UOUISVILLE, KY. tJF.W YOliK, H. *
ia m BS
(Prickly AsliyPoko Root, and Potassium.)
Primary, Secondary, and Torllitiy Syphilis,
Syphilitic l-.iuplloiiH, Scrofula anti Serofnlutiri
I'.mpttoiiH, t'lccts anti Hld Hoi UH, lllicniniotlsin
and nil iltaMtMt'Hof Hie l?lo<id; nil those that Intro
resisted oilier treatment yield steadily Hlltl
?lindy to tli?? wondotlttl power Ol* P. P. ?*., thu
(treat llloml Piiriilor.
Ia mriiiiiitirlty In tho Mood, prottucinu Lum pa
or Swt'llinii.CUIIviltU Itiiniiini; Sores on the ArniH,
Lefts, or l'Vt-t, l'i>r tho euro ol which use t*. P. P.,
tito greati-Nl Mund iiiuillclnonii earth, All theso
?linease? yield readily lo Iho power of P. P.P.,
I'lvllitf m.-w life ami new htn ii|;lh.
Clued In Ita Morna lorin; kotiiotlmca In rasen
with ICryalpelaii, whom tho pullout WUK in Ktcr
nal 1'alll and (liven np Ky (Itt! physician*. Ill sonto
cuses Sooluloiia ricers Li nke ont lill thc party
WUK ll mans nl'ciin option; a hollie ol I'. I'. 1*. waa
pl'ocui'ctl, und tho disease \ ielded iptickl.V.
And in all All'eilions ol'ihe lilood.P. l\l\ utanda
alono and ii tut vated ai,il sonni ol Itu em ea aro
lt yon sniler noni nnylh?iii;lil:cSypli?l?H, Koro
f ula, Uli.(ul Poison, Dicers. Old Sores. It hell I lill'
(ism. or any disease ol tho Mood, ho hine and
I'lVti P. P, P. a trial.
1' 1'. I', tl'ileldy Aalt, Poke Koot and Potassium)
la no KOOrot p ilent liioillelno like tho many on
the market. JU lormula ls on every hollie, tltua
Civliin a guarantee ot Ita purity and wholiMOino
nosi Unit f.i ^.ttar blood punlli-r (l?tt? ijivo.
Pot-salo hy all tlriltodafa.
Lii'i'MAN Hiios., Wholesale Drnugists,
Stilo Mniiufitoturo?'8 und Proprietors,
hippnuin lilock, Snvnniioh, Gu,
VUUIIS come CN
lecpe. TU,! following
- * * N'N?v,r'r'Y EK5 E? IT"
?".? ,.H,.;;,".H in g Ifu ?a Da?
til?' wiirlil. Uar iVtrllitlcn are
tiii,'i|iial,*il, ninl tn liilnnlufi* our
ru 11. > lo r goflili we ?III ?fliilniKK
to UNK I'KIIMIN III f?vlt Its.Illy,
a.atiuve. Only tillite who wiile
fii, inumt oiiciM-Aii make iure of
tttl UK i-hurte*. All yon bave toilo lu
return Into ?how our guiiiU lo
thone wlin coll-your n.liilihoia
?ml tin??? ?iouml you. I lie tir
chnini,- of till? mWtrllieini ut
. ho? ? th? .null i II.I of tho trie
cut |-l vt i Un' ni'litnr.iiH'O of it reduced to
Un- fiftieth i>arl pf ll*hulk, ii >* n^?ruml, doubl* ?Ire tele
cnn aiake from
birken. l?cn?y loonrry. Wo will ?liufln.iv yon lioi% you
' m WU to Si t O ? ?lay at Ivnst, front thc ?i.ui.wuti
... Helter wrltortt onto. Wc i>?y nil vl|.r.?. rhnrit'
Addrcii.Il.ltAI.I.l"! I J?L'0" Hoi H HO, I'OUII.Alfil, Jlmi.
iou HA Lit IIV A Ll. Ult I'<:<;!>.TH.
lill'PMAK atley . Wl>olo3alo Driifrclatfi,
Bola P?op\, J i l i > mun lUock, tiu'/tltlinui, Un,
J. T. DOUGLAS,
- DH ALU ll IN -
^AND * CHEMICALS,^
CLAMPS, OILS AND PAINTS,*
Ana Choico Tobacco
VIDAL'S OLD STAND
April 15, 1685
J. ARCH SPEARS
CONTRACTOR k BUILDER,
BENNETTSVILLE S, 0.
"N^SriMATKS furnished on npplica
jCl cation. iSiUisfadion ?imiatreod,
Hefercnco ??iven wliei.cver retpiired.
Jan. 10, 18DU.
Ifi?re AK? g??iiM, mm
X AM NOW HEOKlVlNO AND OPMNINO MY SPRING AND SU M M KU
?V Stock i ti ixl lieg tn Killi your iitiontinu tu lim limilV inducements I odor. In Dress
doods 1 huvo CHALLUOS.SULTINOS, WHITE OOO D.S. OlNOllAMS, Pu INT? .
in Punt u greni in II nv i hi m/s. iMv stock of N?l ion? is full, lind ouiiHSls ia part ul"
KANS, PARASOLS, DUTTONS, RIBBONS, GLOVES. eic.
...Children's Suits (knoo-punts) from 5 lo 12 yearn
old. Youth's Suits from 12 to 18 years old
Mens' Suits (suck and frock) all si/.o.s.
TT Ai M-1 ?iitv? a nice linc Hats and can suit and fit Men, Youths and
UP*"T mid Children in Foils, Mackinaws and Straws.
(SiTpTOiTF1 ^? ?"?^ ',av0 ,ml^ sl)00'u' aiti'tiiion to this part of my growing bon
i& JCAKJ'JmA iZJ,***' now, mid I ofter you a t-ploudid lino, well selcotod both as to
styles and prices. Your special