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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
SAME OLD STORY
People? Plt?ngt?a -toC&rtiin Beith in
tho Darkness of Night. '-V
SEVENTEEN CRUSHED TO DEATH
And Many Others Serlon?ly Injured,
ino Most iMBireatun? t?cencu
Enacted Altor The Fatal
News comes from Topeka, Kansas,
of a railroad , accident on the Rock
Island, California and Mexican Rail
way in which seventeen persons were
. killed outright and thirty-seven others
were ' more or less injured. The ac
cident occurred near Topeka on Tues
day morning of last week. The acci
dent was caused by a collision of a
passenger and a freight train.
It is thought that carelessness of
trainmen caused the wreck. Instruct
ed to meet a Special freight train at
Willard, the engineer and conduotor
of the ill-fated passenger noting that
a freight train stood on tho sidetrack
at Willard rushed through, thinking
that the cars, they had seen were the
ones which they had been instructed
to pass. Upon seeing at Willard a
freight train on tim siding, Engineer
Benjamin threw open the throttle
and, under the impetus of full steam
the passenger train leaped into the
darkness and crashed along at a rate
which the passengers declare to have
been fully 65 miles an hour.
DETAILS OF TUE nORHOK.
Ti. G. Parsons, a reporter of the
Topeka State Journal, who was on
the wrecked train, arrived in Topeka
at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning after
driving overland from tia scene of the
collision. Parsons escaped with slight
injuries while two persons on the seat
In front of him were killed. Parsons
tells the following story of thc wreck:
"It was In the third car of the pas
senger train, the lirst coach having
J vSu^_Prece(^e^ a smo'ier ant^ ^ag
*"*'gag"?'Wr? t,,at greatest loss of Hie
^oocurreij. The smoker, which was oc
r^vipied by only two or three men, was
' overturned and pushed through the
car. behind it, which was crowded
with passengers, some standing in the
aisle. The lirst warning of the pas
sengers in this car was when the sud
; :?-.deft .setting of the airbrakes shut otf
r?ilie.lights, leaving all in darkness. A
'>)hin6ment.. later a mass of splintered
?^..;,y?op4.and iron was crowded down up
. ?-' ?on them.-' No one was thrown out of
, tfyeir seat by the blow. Most of those
. -^frj.' the- forward end of the car were
killed instantly. Thirty in the rear
end of the coach, however, succeeded
id- escaping from that end of the car
C which was still unobstructed. No
" -onejn,the front half of thc car escap
ed. They"<v?re crushed down between
the seats by: tilte; ver Wh^n ?-coour;,
\ uoVt-j possible only uir?b living
^^.xs Were taken out by the rescu
ers, who were compelled to chop holes
in the side and through the door and
" top of tile coach to reach them.
ONLY Tl I KICK A I.I Y K.
"The three rescued from this por
tion- were a man, a small girl and a
middle aged woman, who wete moan
ing and begging to be taken out. One
man, hurt internally, was removed
. through the rear door within live
minutes after the collision, but died
almost as soon as the rescuers could
lay him down. A woman died two
hours later while trying to tell a
physician her name. A dozen men
had worked on thc place where, she
seemed'to be befere she was extricat
"Bonnie Martin, a girl ll years of
age, was pinned down between the
two cars, the heavy stove resting on
one foot. Her cries attracted the
rescuers, and men, many of them
bleeding from wounds about the face
and arms, worked heroically to get
her out. It took two hours of steady
_^_work to relieve lier. When she was
taken out sue addressed a doctor who
was bending over lier as 'papa.'
"The physician did not have the
heart to tell her that she was an or
phan, her father and mother having
been killed. Mr. Martin was killed
instantly and Mrs. Marlin died ten
minutes after being token out of the
wreck. The child was sutfering with
a broken ankle, where the heavy
stove fell on lier, and severe scalp
contusions. She was put to sleep by
a hypodermic injection to relieve the
"Some of the bodies found in the
wreckage were so badly crushed as to
be unrecognizable. Through a hole
chopped in one side of the car the
body of a gray-haired heavy-set man
and a woman with long yellow hair
were visible. Fires were built along
the track at short intervals and ojr.,
tUe fight Of" ?Avssw ?iie rescuers, in
their eagerness to remove t lie victims,
chopped openings in the wrecked
coaches unt il exhausted, then hand
ed their axes to others.
CAR CIIOFFKD AWAY.
"The entire sides of the car had
been chopped away when the work
was completed. Occasionally the
rescuers would desist upon an alarm
being raised by watchers who declared
that the chopping away of tho coach
was letting the smoker down upon t he
I victims. So terrille was the force of
" the collision that the smoker left tho
trucks in its backward rush, leaving
the trucks still upon the track. Not
a wheel In the entire passenger train
seemed to be oif thc track.
"The freight train fared differently.
, Tho four cars immediately behind tho
engine were crushed Into kindling.
Dead and dying cattle littered the
right of way, while many which had
escaped from the cars uninjured ran
about, adding to the confusion.
"On the passenger train, iii the
sleeper, was a young physician who
walked with a crutch as the result of
some spinal trouble. Ile was thrown
down and slightly injured, but was
tile lirst man to emerge from the
sleeper and immediately began aiding
tho injured. He had a portion of the
chair car and the berths in the sleoper
cleared and to them tho victims were
carried. The physician was without
Instruments or medicine, and the or.ly
thing ho could do was to bind i p
wounds with bandages which he made
by tearing up sleeper sheets and pil
ow cases, and giving the patients
whiskey to deaden the pain.
."The young doctor found a fireman
who was injured in the leg. An ar
tery was broken, and he took. It up
with a penknife and tied it with a
thread, probably preventing the fire
man from bleeding td death. He per
formed innumerable sets of a like na
ture before the arrival of the Topeka
Tlie hero mentioned by Mr. Par
dons waa Dr. Frank M. Bell of New
CAUSED A STRIKE.
81x Painters "Were Discharged for Re
fusing to Work Sundays.
The Augusta Evening Herald Bays
"because refusing to work on Sunday
a half dozen painters were discharged,
three hundred workmen, painters,
plumbers, carpenters and wood-work
men, who had been employed at the
new tourist hotel "The Park In The
Pines" at Aiken, laid down their tools
yesterday afternoon and walked out
leaving the contractors without work
men and thus delaying the progress of
the work. Tbe strike was wholly un
expected and coming at the time it
does, ls an almost destructive blow to
the contractors and the owners of thc
hotel who have made all arrangements
to complete the work and open the
hotel on January 15. Contractor Ong
ls paying a forfeit of $60 for every day
from January 1, until the completed
building is turned over, to the owners,
and the strike will, unless quickly
raised, fall heaviest upon him. For
several weekB past the force of work
men employed at the hotel have been
working on Sundays in order to has
ten the completion of the building,
and on last Sunday night tho painters
who are working under Wesley Royal
of Aiken held a meeting and organ
ized a union, agreeing at the time net
to work on Suudays on the same wage
scale as during the days of the week.
Yesterday the half dozen painters who
organized the union, were discharged
by Mr. Royal, and an indignation
meeting at which were gathered the
300 workmen followed. Demands
were then made that Contractor Ong
not only take back to work the dis
charged painters, but that he also dis
charge Wesley Royal, and when this
was refused, the workmen struck as
one man." The authorities should
stop the Sunday work if the hotel nev
er gets finished.
THE ALLIANCE CASE.
Supremo Court Dismissed tho Appeal
in Receivership Matter.
The State says the celebrated
Brookshire case came up in the su
preme court Friday and an ord? -vas
issued dismissing the appeal.
Thc case is all In a ''tangle, certain
members of the Farmer's alliance seek
ing forttes?ap,,o?u?jmuiit v?r a receiver
for the funds of the Farmers' Alliance
The supreme court Friday issued
the following order in the now famous
"The order of Judge Gary made at
chambers, from which this appeal was
taken, provided for the appointment
of a receiver uuless the defendant cor
poration entered into a bond in the
penal sum of 833,000, with sufficient
"It is agreed by counsel on both
sides that the bond provided for in
the order of Judge Gary (pursuant to
section 2(J5, subdivision 8, of the code
of civil procedure) has been given by
the defendant corporation and approv
ed by the clerk of the court of com
mon pleas tor Richland county with
in the time required.
It ls therefore tbe opinion of this
court that the hearing of this appeal
ls unnecessary, as the entering into
tho bond on the part of the appellant
vacated the order of J udge Gary in so
far as the appointment of a receiver
"It is therefore, upon motion of the
appellant's attorneys ordered that the
appeal herein be dismissed."
The Augusta Chronicle says Mrs.
Charley Lane, of Powelton, Ga., was
frightfully and, perhaps, fatally burn
ed, at an early hour this morning.
lt seems that she had arose and
gone donn stairs and while waiting
for breakfast had kneeled before an
open tire In prayer, as was her custom.
While thus engaged her clothing
caught lire and she was enveloped In
Hames before realizing her peril. She
made an ellort to wrap some bed-cloth
ing around her body, but the fire
burned so fast that tho was unable to
extinguish it. She ls quite young, be
ing not ovct eighteen years of tige, and ,
has been married but a few months.
. . I a I ni ly Shot.
On Saturday week while Wesley
Bolin, a young white man 18 years of
agc, and a colored boy named Estell
Fronebcrger, aged 10 years, were out
bunting near smyrna, In tho western
portoin of York county, the negro boy
was accidentally shot in the back of
the head by young Bolin, and died
from the effects of thc wound. A cor
oner's inquest was held over the body
of Fronebcrger, Dr. W. G. White of
this place being present as an expert
witness. The jury rendered a verdict
exonerating young Bolln from blame
in tbe promises. _
Deadly Work of Dynamito.
At the Los Laurelep mines, west
of Guadalajara, Mexico, a large num
ber of boxes of dynamite stored In a
powder bouse exploded Thursday, kill
ing 20 men and Injuring 40 others.
Tho detonations were heard many
miles away and an American mine
owner, working in his mine three
miles away, was killed by a falling
rock that had been jarred by the con
cussion. Details aro lacking but it ls
reported that the dlsastor was caused
by tho explosion of a dynamite cap in
the powder house.
An ICnjrlnoor Killed.
In a collision between two freight
trains on the Atlantic Coast Line at
Orange Park, Fla., at 5 o'clock Friday
afternoon, Engineer Tim Welsh of
train No. 332 was killed. An extra
freight train, southbound, ran Into
the engine of No. 332, northbound,
as the latter was backing into a blind
Riding. Both engines were badly
damaged. No one besides Welsh was
ANOTHER HERO GONE,
Gen. John B. Gorden Hs?? Fatted
Over the Eiyer.
SOON FOLLOWED LONGSTREET.
Ho Wan Ono or thc Best Soldt?rs
of tho Civil War, and Serv
ed With Gen. Lieo' to
the Knd". "
Lieutenant General John Brown
Gordon died at his winter home near
Miami, Fla., at 10:05 Saturday night.
Hts fatal illness, which overtook him.
last Wednesday, was congestion of
the stomach and liver, following an
acute attack of Indigestion, Lo which
he was subject.
General Gordon was Ul with this
same trouble-that Is, very seriously
?so-before, but rallied. The last
time be Buffered an attck lt was at
New Orleans, during the reunion of
tho United Confederate veterans, ol
which organization he is president,
and to which position he has re
peatedly been elected, testifying the
warmth of affection in whioh be was
held throughout the South. He was
very ill at the tim?, but rallied to
treatment given him. It was noticed,
however, how his strength was taxed
st that time and attending physicians
in New Orleans said that the next
attack meant the death of the
When he became ill this week it
was immediately seen that- lu; was In
a dangerous condition. His strength
was gone. He could not take nourish
ment. Doctors Gramling and Jack
sun advised marthe family .be sum
moned. It was believed on Thursday
night and again on Friday night that
death was at band, for the stupors
Into which he would fall were dis
heartening to the attendants. ?'.
The beginning of the end occurred
Saturday afternoon, serious complicsi
tionssettlng in, and by night his physi
cians had abandoned all hope, as his
kidneys ref use to secrete and uranie
poison was very decided. His death
was quiet. He fell'peacefully' to sleep
and all was over. As'stated,' the cause
of death was acute indigestion. Prior
to the New O leans attack , he had
suffered fruin the same trouble in
Mississippi several months ago.
At 11 o'olock Thursday morning
consultation of physicians was held
and it was found he was seriously, if
not critically ill. His son Major Hugh
Gordon, who resides at Biscayne, was
with him. A telegram' was sent, to
his daughter, Mrs. Burton Smith of
Atlanta, calling her to bis- bedside.
She was with him when he died. Gen
eral Gerden grew steadily rprse until
Saturday., when b? wav^ncnnsciouR
General and Mrs. Gordon had been
in Florida this winter only three
weeks before his death, lils health
had been unusually good prior to his
fatal attack. He had bought a win
ter home at Bis.caync three years ago
and had since been spending a portion
of his winters there.
A Strange ltnilrond Accident.
One of the strangest railroad acci
dents on record, is reported from
Hammond. Ind. A hotel keeper, Chas.
Stahlbohra, was driving home one
night last week, and, coming to a
railroad track, tried to drive bis horse
across ahead of che fast freight. The
engineer did not even know that he
had hit anything, but kept up the
speed of his engine until lie pulled
Into a Btutlon lifteen mile" beyond the
scene. Then he got down :> oil his
I engine an i was lightly started to see
Stahlbohm sitting on the cow-catcher,
a whip in one hand and the end of
some reins in the other. Ile shook
him a few times, and when the Intel
keepei came to he asked where his
hat and iiorses were. \ Ie did not
know that the train had made them
Into soap stock.
A Grafter Kscapcs.
At Omaha, Neb., on Friday the
trial of Senator Charles H. Dietrich
for alleged bribery, lo connection with
the appointment of a postmaster at
Hastings, Neb., came to an abrupt
end, when the United States circuit
court, Judge Vandevanter presiding,
held that Dietrich was not a senator
at the time the alleged acts occurred.
The opinion was a lengthy one and is
said to be a precedent. Upon this
decision, District Attorney Sum
mers entered a nolle prosequl in other
cases against the senator, with the_
statement that the construction
placed on the law by the court pre
cluded further- proceedings against
either Senator Dietrich or Postmas
ter Fisher, bota of whom were dis
Stopped tho Trnin*
Five hundred striking miners pf the
Merchants Coal company in Somerset
county, Pa., gathered at Garrett,
Saturday night and held up a special
train carrying about sixty negroes to
the Boseil raines of the company, on
the Berlin branch of tho Baltimore
and Ohio railroad. The switches
were nalsed do.?n and under hut one
consideration were the men willing to
permit the engine and cars to be
switched upon the Berlin branch.
Th*s consideration was that the cars
be emptied. By this time tlie negroes
were in a terrible state of excitement
and many of them jumped through
the windows and made off. The min
ers made no attempt to Injure the ne
groes, bat were determined that their
importation inti the Held Should not
To A Doctor Soldiea.
A bronze statue of the" late,'Dr.
Hunter McGuire, wl?o was Ge??. -Jack
son's medical director, and ono of tho
mast celebrated surgeons in tho south,
was unveiled in tho capitol square at
Richmond, Va., Thursday. The veil
wius drawn by his little grandson.
There was a parade, and the Howitz
ers llred a salute. A largo crowd was
In attendance. Judge George L.
Christian, grand commander of tho
Confederate veterans of the State,
presented the statue to Virginia, and
Gov. Montague received lt. Tho ora
tion was dollvored by Maj. Holmes
Conrad of Winchester,. Va.,, who
served with Dr. McGuire on Gen.
WORK OF THE CONSTABULARY.
Chlof Constable Hammett Makes His
? ' 'y? Vii'
Report to tfio Governor.
Chief Constable U. B. Hammett
Friday sent to the governor his report
for September, Ootober and. Novem
ber of last year as compared with the
same months of 1902.
"1 deem lt unnecessary," says Mr.
Hammett, "to comment, as the fig
ures show fur themselves, but I will
explain that tho sales of the beer dis
pensers have not-been taken into con
sideration In this report for the rea
son that so few reports have been re
ceived J[ was not able to figure just
what their sales would amount to. I
have the best of reasons to believe,
however, that there has been an In
crease of about 30 per cent.
"I will add that the constabulary
force ls working smoothly and harmo
niously, and I have every reason to be
pleased with the situation."
The salaries and total expenses of
the constables for the three months
in 1?03 were 815,607.96, while in 1902
the total was $13,138.93. Last year
2,676 gallons of whiskey were seised
as against 2,519 gallons in 1902. The
vale of-. whiskey seizure? last years
was ?4,114.50, an increase of $234.85
over 1902. In 1003 853 gallons of
beer valued at $407.44 were seized,
while the 1902 seizures amounted to
1,544 gallons valued at $741.12.
The total sales In the dispensaries
during these three months in 1903
amounted to $868,724.32, an inc/ease
of $112,865.38 over 1902. The in
crease in the State -dispensary
amounted to $90,113.29, the sales lu
190.3 being $823,075.17.
A comparative statement of prosecu
tions 'shows for 1902, 76 convictions,
Unes 6f $6;49l,of which $1,316 was
collected, and 21 offenders Rent to the
chalngang, while last year there were
65 convictions, tines of $4,920, of
which' $1,615 was collected, and 22
persons sent to the chain gang.
This is Mr. Hammett's quarterly
summary: Increase in cost of con"
stabulary, $2,469.05; decrease in value
of seizures, $99.83; increase in sales of
county dispensaries, $112,865.38; in
crease in sales of State dispensary,
THE MEXICAN BOLL WEEVIL.
Congress Appropriates a Lur^e Sum
or Money to Fight lt.
The Mexican boll weevil, which was
so destructive to cotton In Texas the
past year, Is to be fought tb a finish.
On Friday the national house of rep
resentatives made available +.ho on?
? - 000 t;- -aeetthe
em??g?ncy cau^u^oy the rfl'vagep ^*
thc cotton boll weevil and''omer in
sects and diseases affecting cotton.
The measure had the support of both
M des and was adopted without divis
ion. Thc sum is diverted from the
$500,000 appropriated last year to
eiadicate the foot and mouth diseases
Mr. Burleson of Texas explained
that the bill simply diverted money
heretofore appropriated for another
purpose and did not make a .new ap
propriation. He urged ?the Import
ance of the passage of the bill to the
cotton growing sections, Jglvlng the
history of the boll weevil aud what it
Mr. Gillette, of Massachusetts called
attention to another insect-the
Egyptian moth-which had been
brought to New England and which
be said was equally dangerous and
should receive attention with a view
Mr. Robinson of Arkansas spoke for
the bill. Mr. Slayden of Texas in urg
ing its passage said be hoped thc bill
would not be jeopardized by amend
. Mr. Gardner of Michigan said he be
lieved it would be establishing a bad
precedent to pass the bill.
' Mr. Gillette of Massachusetts offered
an amendment fur an additional ap
propriation of $250,000 for the eradica
tion of the Egjptian moth.
The speaker sustained a point of or
der against the amendment and thc
bill was passed without division. It
provides that t he sum made available
may be expended by the secretary of
agriculture in such manner as he shall
deem best, in co-operation with State
experiment stations and practical cot
ton growers if the secretary of agrl
culture shall deem lt advisable, to
meet the emergency caused by the
ravages of the cotton boll weevil and
other Insects affecting cotton.
Peculiarly Had. \
Mrs. Herbert T. Hames died at
Jonesville In Union County last week
after a few days sickness. This was
indeed an unusually sad death. . Dr.
and Mrs. Hames were married on the
30th of September last, just tliree
months and three days. Mrs Hames
was before her marriage Miss Fannie
McCravy, daughter of Rev. and, Mrs.
J. W. McCravy of Cross Keys, and
lived the greater portion of her life
with her uncle and aunt, Col. and
Mrs. H. D. Floyd of Spartanburg.
Cave J .cg Hall.
Nine negro prisoners escaped from
thc Wake county N. C., jail at an
early hour Tuesday morning. Most
of them were awaiting trial on charg
es of larceny, but one was a federal
prisoner, and another a prisoner
awaiting trial for an alleged criminal
assault on a white woman. Ho had
been sent here for safe keeping. Tho
escape was made by prying off a sec
tion of a steel cell in the corridor and
removing the bricks In the outer walls.
There ta no trace of the mon.
Fourteen men were killed and sev
eral were Injured by au explosion
Wednesday at the nitro-glycerine de
partment at thc National Explosive
works, eight miles from Penzance,
England. The whole district was en
veloped tn a cloud of black smoke and
nearly every window at St. Iv?s, thrte
miles from the scene of the explosions
were shattered hy Its terriflo force.
Many windows were also smashed at
in Swirling, Stora-awept Sea. Fifty
two People Drowned.
NOT A WOMAN OR CHILD SAVED,
I '? 1 '.' .
Bnt ; lt Was Not Hie Fault of tho
Bravo Mon on Board, Who
Tried .to.. Bayev Them.
%.'?." '-Boats Swamped.
' T?e steamer :01alm of .the Seattle
Victoria fleet Went down early Satur
day morning midway between Smith
Island and Dungeuness, in' tue Straits
of Juan de Fuea. ?. '
, Every woman and child aboard the
Claim perished. Within-three miles
of shore and at a time when it ap
peared certain the Claim had been
saved'a desperate effort was made to
save the women and children in the
life bhrtts. They were placed In the
Urst boat tb leave the ship which
Captain Lawrence, a Yukon pilot,
volunteered to command and which
was manned by deck bands. The frail
craft yent down within sight of the
Claim and a second life boat filled
with male passengers and in command
of Second Officer Ourrin' was probably
iost a few minutes later.
Aboard the" Claim watchers'saw
waved, sweep passengers from their
hold on tho-scats and hurl them into
tho waters. Though the lifeboat was
righted later, diligent search' has
failed to-find a trace of her. More
passengers and members of thc crew
were lost when a third life boat was
swamped in an attempt to ISunch it.
. Throe passengers were picked up by
the steamer Habata who had fastened
life' prtjSerVsrfc aro?nd their bodies.
They had died from exposure and
their bodies were brought to Seattle
The Claim was a stan neb new pas
senger boat on tue Seattle-Victoria
run. She left Poro Townsend for Vic
toria Friday noon, facing a terrific
gale. When In sight of her destina
tion a huge sea overwhelmed the lit
tle steamer smashing in her dead
Ugh,ts, flooding her hold with water,
extinguishing the fires beneath her
boiler and' placing her at the merGy of
a howling gale.
Efforts to save the vessel being
futile, the safety of the passengers,
particularly- the women and children,
was looked after and all who desired
were put off from the steamer In the
The headily laden boats were thrown
about mildly in the choppy sea and
tine aitervitnother, after succeeding In
gett'ng '.'vay from, the vessel, they
were el? ^swamped or capsized. The
? w . that riot . woman nor
Ichilo. of ab those aboard have lived lo
tell the tale. An apparent discrepancy
iitnurabers from the list of .fatalities
following is accountable by tfafoy"'*i%
that only such children as paid hal?''
fare were enrolled in the passenger
In the meantiriie word had come
from Vlotoiia of the vessel's predica
ment and i fleet of powerful tugs
were dispatched from Seatle to render
assistance. The Richard Ilolicke, in
command pf Captain Robert Hall, was
the flrst to reach the Claim which
had by this time careened partly over
from their.rush of water which had
put the engines out of commission.
The Holyoke reached the Clalm about
ll o'clock Saturday night and about
1 a. m., succeeded in getting a hawser
aboard with which she started to
tow the Claim to safety. The Claim
took a heavy lurch and those remahir
lng aboard were compelled to climb up
the side to safety,. Anally reaching the
roof of the pilot house.
Without a moment's hesitation, the
life boats were lowered and the work
of rescue commenced. At this point
the tug Sea Lion, Captain Hunter,
arrived and her men rendered valuable
assistance. Before all the struggling
people had been taken off, the Claim
commenced to break up and soon af
terward went down. ' All possible
assistance to the rescued people was
given by the two ship masters and
their crews and the two tugs hurried
to Tort Townsend. The passengers
surviving-and the remainder of the!
crew;then took pasage on the Dirige,
The United States civil service
commission announces that nri exam
ination : will beheld in Spartanburg
January 27-18 to fill vacancies In the
position of physician in thc Philip
pine service at salaries ranging from
$1,200 to $'1800 per annum.- Age limit
ijo to' -10' years. Persons who wish
to stand the examination should ap
ply tb the secretary of the local board
of examiners for application blanks,
whicli should be properly filled out
and forwarderf'to the Civil Service
Commission, Washington, D. C.
IOnfbi'ciiifr the Law,
The Columbia State says "the un
lawful dealers in liquor in Columbia
probably realize by this time that
their remarkable activity in the last
municipal campaign has not had the
desired effect-through no fault of
their, friends, perhaps. The decent
people of Columbia are oprosed lo the
violation of any laws, and the dispen
sary constables seem to bo working
under men who have not permitted
themselves to be bought. There has
certain! v been :i remarkable change.
* A Fatal Accident.
A fatal accident occurred on Tues
day of last week at Klngstrce. As a
train was moving off from the station
D. H. Parrott, of Cade's attempted
to get aboard. It had been snowing
heavily "all the afternoon, and lt ls
supposed he missed his footing and
fell between the cars, tho wheels pas
sing over his body and Inflicting In
juries from which he died in a few
moments. No blame is attached to
New Cofton Milln.
During 1003 announced additions to
southern cotton mills amounted to
817,820 spindles and 1(1,313 looms, re
presenting ah investment of about
$10,000,000. This is a pretty good
showing for tho South.
BURAL MAIL ROUTE 7.
Some Interesting Figures About the
Service in This St mo. ,
According to a special dispatch to
the Greenville News from Washing
ton there are 284 rural free delivery
routes doing'business In the State of
South Carolina. On ah average' they
deliver mail tb 600 people each. It
will be seen from this that about
175,roo people ?et the benefit of rural
free delivery in the State. It costs
just about 8600 a year to operate one
of these routes, and Uncle Sam Ls,
therefore, paying into the State of
South Carolina alone the tidy-little
sum of 9176,000 a year for a.service
that is entirely for the benefit of the
people. " The average route ls about
23 miles long, so that the rural car
riers ot South Carolina travel in the
neighborhood of 0,600 miles every day.
Each route covers about eighteen
square miles of territory, so that the
free delivery system of South Carolina
covers over 6,000 square miles br ter
The people of the State have asked
for 713 routes In dil. Of these 284
have been granted and 283 have been
rejected. The other 146 are still
pending. It will bo observed..from
these figures that the people are get
ting just about half as many routes
as they are asking for. At the same
ratio, when all the petitions have been
acted upon, there will be 357 routes
and as many carriers in the State.
Tho figures of tho department show
many Interesting things in connection
with rural free delivery In South Car-"
ol i na. In the first place they show
that freo delivery seems to bethe uni
versal desire in some districts while io
others It seems to enjoy little popu
The Third District, represented by
Wyatt Aiken, is the banner district
in the State in the number of rural
routes. There are now in operation
within its borders. 82 rural routes.
There arc also 21 petitions still pend
ing and awaiting investigation by the
department. The department has re
fused to grant 52 routes asked for in
the district. It will be seen from this
that the people of that district have
asked for 157 routes all told and have
gotten 82, more in proportion than
the State at large.
The Fourth District comes second
in regard to the number of routes es
tablished. This is the district rep
resented by Mr. Johnson. There arc
GO routes in operation in the district.
There are 33 petitions still pending,
and there have. been 64 rejections.
There have been more applications
rejected in this district . than "from
?nv." or.hor.. ii\. t.hn?Rt.o*e. lu \ toe,
- - - - . * - y
.or 157 routes, exactly i__ num
ber asked for by the people of the
Third District, but they have not got
'.p.n^ajrmUch ia proportion by a good
iCal as the people of the third.
The constituents of Mr Legar?
have asked for 58 routes. They have
received 10, 35 of their petitions have
been turned down, and JT3 are a waft
ing action. The most of these reject
ed were petitioned for under the pre
decessor of Mr. Legare. .
Repere8eutatlve Croft has secured
18 routes for his consltuents, has 21
petitions pending, and has had 24
petitions rejected. Ho has foward?d
to the department 63 petitions.
The Fifth District, represented by
Mr. Flnly, has 44 routes in ooeration.
There are 31 petitions still pending
and 31 have been rejected, making in
all 10(3 routes that have been asked
for by thc people of that district.
In Mr. Scarborough's district there
are 30 routes in operations, 5 peti
tions are awaiting action, 33. have
been rejected; In all, 69 routes asked
Mr. Lever has 40 routes In opera
tion in bis district, 21 petitions pend
ing investigation, and there have
been 44 rejections, making 150 peti
tions submitted from" that district.^-?>'
1 i -i ...?
They Don't Agree
The Spartanburg Herald says:
"There seems to be a slight differ
ence of opinion or discrepancy of in
formation between the esteemcd'Gaff
ney Ledger and the likewise esteem-:
ed Gaffney News about the small-pox
situation in Gaffney. The Ledger
aforesaid, answering a correspondent
from Gaffney in the News and Cou
rier, says that there ls no small-pox
in Gaffney to amount to anything
and that the statement to that effect
was sensational and misleading.
Whereupon the News contributes up
wards of a column to the hilarity- pf
the occasion, claiming that there are
all kinds of smallpox In Gaffney, bed
ridden, sltting-about- the- house and
perambulating, the latter appearing
to be the most objectionable. The
public 1B invited to take its choice of
these views of the situation."
Hobbed of Huge Sum.
Chicago must be an awfully wicked
place. With persons busy in unices
all about him. David? Freedman, a
jeweler with ofllceson the sixteenth
story of thc Masonic Templo building,
was held up by two men Wednesday
and robbed of 94,300 in currency, dia
monds and watches. A dagger wes
pointed at Freedman's heart and'.'he
was threatened with instant death,
he says, and forced to go down on his
knees and open his safe. Tue men
forced their victim to open his safe as
well as the show cases containing the
jewelry. Ho was then locked In a
small closet used as a lavatory. No
ono saw the marauders, their quick
intimidation of the jeweler being fol
lowed instantly by drawing down tue
curtain covering the largo window
looking out of the Masonic Temple
Miss Cleveland Demi.
Ruth, the eldest daughter of Ex
president Cleveland, died suddenly at
their home at Princetown Thursday
muming. Mrs. Cleveland, whu hun
been In poor health, ls prostrated by
the ^bereavement of the death of hei
daughter and her friends are alarmed,
Her daughter's illness was nol
thought to bo serious. She was about
17 years old. Mr. Cleveland Issuer]
this statement: "After a brief ill
ness of tonsilitis, diptherla developed
Thursday and Ruth died early Fri
\ . - ,' .r" ? V ^-i MHB 1 -_*f?''."?
SOME STARTLING: FIGURES.
li}-nchin??, Suiciden, Homicides and
Defalcations Last Year.
Tho lynchings reported for 1902
showed a. -decrease of twenty-nine as
compared wi t b those of 1901, but the
last year they have increased - again,
the list stand J; IR 104 for 1903, as com
pared with ninety-six in 1902. Of
these lynchings, twelve occurred in
the North and ninety-two in the
South. .Of the victims, eighty-six
were negroes, seventeen whites, and
one Chinaman. One woman was lynch
ed in Mississippi and one in Louis
The number of legal executions in
1903 was 123, as compared with 144
In 1902, 118 In 1901, and ,119 in 1900;
There were seventy-seven persons
hanged in thc South and forty-six in
the North. Sixty-three were whites
and sixty blacks.
i Suicides are steadily increasing in
the United States and the value of
human lile steadily cheapens. The
suicides of one year closely resemble
those of another year in causes and
methods. No speolal feature stands
out conspicuously except the ease with
which' the victims can obtain poison
from the druggists. Poisoning Is the
most common method of committing
suicide, and carbolic acid ls the most
common poison in use.
The total number of cases reporten
during the year is 8,597-5,305 med
and 3,212 women-as compared with
8,291 In 1902. How steadily suicides
Increase annually Is shown by the fol
lowing figures: In 1899 t.iere were
5,340 cases; in 1900, 0,755; in 1901,
7,245; in 1902, 8,291, Physicians, as
usual, head th? list among profes
sional men, the record standing. Phy
sicians, 35; minister.'), 5; lawyers, 4;.
artlBts, 4; college professors, 2; actors,
1; bank o tl leia ls 12.
t The record ol' embezzling, forgery,
defaulting and bank-wrecking for
1903 shows a slight decrease, being
?6,502,105, as compared with $0,709 -
125 last year, The losses are distri
buted as follows: Stolen by public
bfllcials, ?015,170; from banks, $1,689,
752; by agents. $1,712,912: forgeries,
$218,817; from loan associations, $188
288; by postal employees, $17,967;
miscellaueous stcaliLgs, $2,174,153;
The number or .homicides In 1903
shows a small increase, being 8,976 as
compared with 8,834 io 1902, and 7,
852 in 1901. There was an increase
In the number of murders by burglars,
thieves and hold-up men.
THE SVORY OF THE ARK.
Questions llave Arisen as to Authen
ticity of Voya/te.
:. As-" tho case of the story of Jonah
jiind bis brief but intimateacquain
) boatrtxi?"i.rk.. \V^^tvo^^\e^'SoS^
I struct a vessel having the reputed ca
pacity- ot. tljtv *?.?i?:.c, ?S5sa.tt? What
were its.dimensions anyway? Tuts*,
questions ' baye buzzed In the head of
m'ore'"th?n one "old subscriber" and
.''constant reader." - The editor of the
Syren- aud Shipping bas undertaken
to answer these questions and allay
for airtime any doubts as to whether
the writer of t he story of the deluge
was ignorant of the subject of ship
building., "Within tbe last ten years,"
he says i'the general dimensions of
.the .ark have"been closely followed by
cargo steamship builders for deep sea
and the Ameircan Great Lakes ser
vice. According to the bible, the ark
waa 480 feet long, 80 feet wide and 48
feet deep. -Her tonnage was 11,413,
and''she had plentyof room for pairs
of all the distinct species of animals
that are classed hy buffon-244-and
she could have accommodated 1,000
pensons and then have plenty of room
f^r .the storage of supplies. In the
aeventeeth century Peter Jansen,' a
Hollander, built a vessel of the exact
proportions of the ark, and she was
successful, as records of the times
show, In making money'for her own
ers. * Noah; the "Father of Naval Ar
chitecture," is- held lin 'profound re
spect, by naval architects of today,
who . know-: h.ow; Immeasurably the
Phoenicians, Qreeks,and.Romans and
all other shipbuilders fell short of the
excellence..-of inp-.'type of the' ark as
a commodious, safe and economical
Kn force All Laws.
Theley?? 'an?'CQ?rier thinks there
would be moro legal'tlarigings or few
er murders In South Carolina If the
machinery of' the law were as ener
getically worked against murders as
it is against dealers in illicit whiskey.
VUndoubtedly, "says the State In re
ply, "and by every proper means let
tim decent citizens strive to have
that done; let the pulpit and the press
awaken others to their obligations to
civilize society. Hut we cannot do that
by condoning or excusing any infrac
tion of law; we cannot sympathize
with blind tigers who are hunted down
because murderers are uot punished.
It lsTdlfhcultr to redeem a community
from a lawless state; lt cannot be done
; in a day or a month. Public sentiment,
must t>e educated, and it is educating
public sentim?nt iii the right direc
tion when any law-particularly one
that has been openly and generally
violated-ls enforced." Now let Char
leston act on the good advice given
1 her by the State, arid enforce the dis
pensary and all other laws both In the
1 State and city courts._ *
Held Him Up.
A special dispatch to The State
says .' Wednesday night about eight
I o'clock two masked men walked Into
J. S. Dickson's store near Society Hill
ahd at the point of a gun made him
? unlock his safe and hand over the con
tents, something over $200. Blood
I hounds have been telephoned for and
. a crowd ls preparing to hunt tho rob
bers. Dickson.is a respectable colored
mau and runs a large farm three miles
X Prolific Kuinlly.
i Slxt>y-two years ago a. man named
' Jones moved from Kentucky to Dado
: county, Miasourt, taking with him his
,. family of ten children. At a reunion
j recently held at Everton, 1,910 of his
J descendants wore present, and there
I were a fow who weie unable to at
. tend. Almost all of his descendants
I have married and settled in the same
- neighborhood in' southeastern Mis
?IN ICY SE ?I
The Crew of a Vessel Was Lashed
to The Maet
FOR TWENTY-SIX LONG HOURS.
They Fight fbr MVo on tho'Water
LiOfTjred Boat AH Christmas
lOve and Part' of tho
Lashed to the mast of a water-,
logged vessel, with Icy waves break
ing over them and a deck load of heavy
timber threatening each moment to,
shift and sweep .them Into tt,a .sea^
Captain O. S. Edwards and .'th* vrew
of the coasting vessel' Ira Bliss held
manfully to life for twenty-six hours,
when they were rescued by the French
For a weary month's trip to Dieppe,
France, their hardships continued.
They returned to Now York, as pas
sengers upon the American Line
steamship St. Louis last week.
Sailing, from Norfolk for New York
November 22, the Ira Bliss two days
later met strong southwest winds aud
heavy seas.- The jibsall was carried
away and the waves swept over tho
decks. The gale increased, now from
the northwest. The vessel was sefc
tiing, with eight feet of water in the
hold, gaining slowly, despite efforts at
the pumps. The vessel was' soon un
Captain Edwards and Mate George
E. Post lashed ,themselves to tim deck
house, " In ' the lee of the mainmast.
Waves continually broke over thorn.
Tho three negroes comprising the
crew,.prayi?ig-'ah? moaning, oiung\ to^.-1-'"^
wheel house, where"?1i6*r^?1rrasll6?.'. ?
A big wave wrenched away the boat
and one of the negroes with it. Tho
captain and mate at the risk of their
lives drew the negro back with a lino
he had caught. Then all came to the
'That night I shall never forget, ' '
said Captain Edwards. S
'Benumbed v with cold and assailed /
with the pangs 0$ hunger and thirst. " \
said Captain Edw?rds^"we. heard thc
deck load starting and'ievx^oeterl-i?acTt-^c^
minute would be our last.
"Groping about In the water, we
found some sweet potatoes adrift.
Nothing ever tasted so good.
"With our few dry matches we
lighted a dry cotton sheet, and
through the night kept strips of the
sheet lighted to attract attention.
Two steamships were sighted, but they
did not stop. Morning found us
lashed to the maingaff, the cabin
house rockiug under us, and the ne
groes crying and praying. '
''Hallcujuh! halleujahl" suddenly
"The bark had a cargo of petroleum
and was heavily battered by the sea.
Because of the petroleum we could not
get a ViBvMy legs and side were
frozen and the reu^.vf mv men were
in bad shape. Rescue had unk ?y i. i
sened the degree of our misery. r~"^
"Later the storm abated and fires
were "lighted in the ship's stoves.
Arriving in France we were sent to
Cherbourg and shipped home on the
NEGROES TO GET MAIL.
Congressman Lievor Wants Thom toi?
Re?oive Beneilt of Rural Bojlvery.
A special dispatch from Washing
ton to the Greenville News says until
very recently the Post Olllce Depart
ment bas ruled that the negroes of
South Carolina were not to be con
sidered os worthy of notice in the
establishment of rural free delivery
routes. That they ere now counted
in this matter is due to the efforts of
Representative Lever. In every
locality where rural free delivery was
applied for, the inspectors, acting .
under orders fiom the Post Olllce De
partment, would make an adverse-re
port where there was not a certain
number of white people, say about 75
per cent of tho whole population.
Now, in the lower part of South Car
olina there are some black belts, and
the representatives from those dis
tricts could get nothing but adverse
reports on routes applied for in those
belts. So Mr. Lever concluded to
make a special trip to Washington
and talk the matter over with Fourth
Assistant Pastmaster General Bristow.
When he got there Mi. Bristow was
disposed to laughat him for bis pains,
but in unmistakable terms Mr. Lever
reminded tho postal official that he
and his party had held up their hands
in holy horror at the suffrage laws of
South Carolina, and that ii they per
sisted in not allowing the negro free
delivery the country would bercmlndr
ed that the Republicans could force
thc negro down the South's throat,
but would not accord him the privi
lege of other citizens when lt came to
getting mall; that they seemed to
think the colored man flt to vote tut
not to receive his practical service
from the government. Mr. Bristow
was too smart not to see the loglo of
the position of the South Carolinian,
and not to realize that his party would
not look well in such a light, so now
matters are being handled otherwise
in South Carolina. .
Bud for a Preacher.
At Winchester, Tenn., Rev. B. A.
Cherry has been found guilty of sub
ornation of perjury and sentenced to
three years imprisonment. Ho was
charged with an attempt. r,o collect In
surance for furniture alleged to have
been burned but which ho really never
possessed. He brought his brother
Into the case under an assumed name
and induced him to make a false
affidavit and for this he was indicted.
-. Forty-three Victims.
Forty-three persons have been killed,
by t ho oxplosipn of the botlers on tho
British cruiser Wallaroo. The Wal
laroo ii a third class cruiser of 2,575
tons displacement used in the Aus
tralian service. She was formerly
named tho Persian. The Wallaroo,
which was proceeding to Hobart, sig
nalled Montagu Island, 230 miles south
Of Sydney, reporting the disaster but
giving no detalla.