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'DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR}LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY. OE OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C.. FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 1904.
BOARD OF ASSESSORS.
Over Three Million Dollars Increase j
in Mill Values
ADDED REVENUE TO THE STATE.
There Will Be Another Moot ?nc on
14th of, This Month to Audit
Any Complaints Willoh
May Bo Made.
The State board of equalization bas j
concluded its labors and has announc
ed tbe assessments upon cotton mill
property In this State. The total
shows an increase of 83,200,000 over
last year. Tbe increased income of
tbe State on the 5 mill levy will be
The total amount of taxable mill
property aa represented In the assess
ments of 1003 was 834.557.705 and for j
the current year 837,702,000. The j
increase ls due to the building of new
mills and to thc fact that there were
reductions at Cllf tun aud Pacolet last
year. The board will meet on the
14th to audit any complaints.
The report of the committee on
cotton mills was adopted and thc fol
lowing assessments made:
Abbeville Couuty -Abbeville cotton
Aiken County-Clear Water, $300,
000; Langley Manufacturing Com
pany, $700,000; Aiken, 8300,000;
Granitevllle, $840,000, Warren, $505,
Anderson County-Anderson cotton
mills, $750,000; Cox Manufacturing
company, $105,000; Orr cotton mills,
$400,000; Riverside, 8110,500; H. C.
Townsend, $25,000 Coroucca, $15,000;
Toxaway, $155,000; Conneross, $5,000;
Gluck mill, 8107,800: Pendleton cot
ton innis, $20,?u; rendici?n Manufac
turing company, $50,000; Belton
mills, 8030,000; Brogan mills, $107,
000; Chiquola, $100,735; Pelzer Manu
facturing company, $1,500,000; Pied
mont Manufacturing company, $1,
280,0p0; Williamston mill. , $200,000.
Bamberg County-Bamberg cotton
Cherokee County--Cherokee Falls
Manufacturing company, $250,000;
Gaffney Carpet company, $41,840;
Gaffney Manufacturing company,
8720,800; Limestone, $127,000; Vul
canized Fibre company, $7.500.
Chester County-Eureka cotton
mills, $150,000; Springstein mills,
8216,007; Wylie mills, $100,000; Mon
ett a, $103,510.
Clarendon County-Manning Hos
iery mills, $5,500.
Colleton Couuty-Colleton cotton
Darlington County. - Darlington
Manufacturing company, $450,000;
Hartaville cotton mill. $201,210.
Edgefleld County-Ed'-.jllold M-\nu
i> airfield County-Fairfield cotton
Gre vibe Cgunty-Batcsvllle Cot
ton Mid company, $20,000: Brandon,
8258,115; Fork Shoals, $47,500; Foun
tain Inn, $50,000: American Spin
ning company, $6X0,000; Carolina
mills, $25,000; F. W. Poi Manufac
turing company, $025,000: Huguenot
mills, 8100,000; Mills Mai ufacttiring
company (05 per cent.) 8350,855:
Monaghan, $530,700; McGhee Manu
facturing company, 60,OOO; Reedy
River, 100,085; Union HU aching and
F. company, 180,000; Woodside cot
ton mills, $80,000; Franklin mills,
$50,000; Pelham mills, $175,893;
Piedmont Manufacturing company
(see Anderson county.)
Greenwood County -Ninety-Six cot
ton mill, $01,700; Glendale, $350,000;
Greenwood cotton mills, $lHy,750.
Kershaw County--Camden cotton
mills, $145,000; DeKalb cotton mills,
Lancaster County - Lancaster cot
ton mills, $720,207.
Laurens County Lydia cotton
mills, 840,000; Banna cotton mills,
8110,000; Laurens cotton mills, $525,
000; Watts cotton mills, $155,430;
Clinton cotton mills, $172 500.
Lexington Cc linty- L e x I n g t o n
Manufacturing company, $50,000:
Middleburg mills, SS1.200; Saxe
Marion County Maple. $85,000;
Dillon cotton mills, $08,300; Hamer,
\r$73,800: Ashby cotton mills, $30,000;
Dicion Hos,liu",v.naills (sold out and re
moveos ,> ' \
Marlboro County-Octarora mills,
$17,500; Marlboro^ cotton mills, $7<H),
Newberry County- Glen Lowry
Manufacturing corJbpany, $500,000;
Molahan, $235,000; r?s'ewbcrry cotton
Oconee County Courtney Manufac
turing company, $350,1)00' Seneca cot
ton mills, $210,000; Walhalla cotton
mills, $120,000; Cheswich, $140,000.
Orangeburg Count)!; Orange mills,
$50,000; Orange Mfg. (To., $200,000.
Plckens County -Wasley cotton
mills, $345,255; Norrlsl cotton mills,
$205,081; Liberty cottoib mills, $113,
500; Glenwood, $207,00f); Issaquena,
Richland County- Capital City,
$100,000; Columbia Mills company,
$608,000; G ran by, $800,001); < Hympbia,
$1,750,000; Palmetto, S5?.250; Rich
Sumter County Summer
mills, *210,ooo: Clifton]
$900,000; Cowpens Mfg. Cd
Mary Louise, $20,600; Drajyton, $120,
mills (05 per cent.,) $287,050; Hine
Ridge hosiery mills, $30,ooo; Valley
Falls Mfg. (Jo., $00,250: Pelham mills
(see Greenville,) $10,110; Pacolet Mfg.
Co., $500,000; Beaumont, $ioo,ooo;
Saxon mills, $201,000; Spartan mills,
81,300,000; Tucapau, $105,051); Whit
ney, $385,000: Woodruff, 8105,000;
Apalache, $315,000; Arcadia, 120,115.
Union County -Buffalo cotton mills,
8300,000 Jonesville Mfg. Co., $150,700;
Aetna cotton mills, $138,750; Lock
hart cotton mills, $503,000; Excelsior
knitting mills, $110,500; Monarch cot
ton mills, $350,000; Union cotton
York County- -Bowling Green knit
ting mills, $15,000; Clover cotton
mills, 8225,000; Fort Mill Mfg. Co.,
$121,400; M?lfort mill, $61,720; Arc
ade cotton mills (90 per cent.,) 8120,
ary louise, *zo,uuu; u runton, ?>i_u,
<5; Enoree, $020,000: Tyitcr mills (io
?r cent.,) $68,500; Fingjerville, 850,
)0; thc 1). E. Converse Co., $500,
)0: Victor Mfg. Co., $43/7,500; Inman
305; Highland Park Mfg. Co., $187,
500; Manchester cotton mills, $231,
325; Victoria $72,000; Tavora, $50,
000; Ycrk (05 per cent.,) $172,500;
Chicora, $00,000; Fowell waste mills,
Oil. MILLS ASSESSED
The assessment made on oil mills
last year was adopted for this year
with the following changes:
Aiken Industrial company, $31,200
00 per cent. $18,170.
Darlington, oil mill, $05,000, 00 per
South Carolina Cotton OH company
at Greenville, ?48,200.
Southern Cotton Oil company at
Dillon OH company (burned), $?,
Cowpens Cotton Oil company, $20,
000, 00 per cent; $12.000,rebuilt.
Rich lilli, $18,000, 00 percent 10,
800, capital increased.
NKW MILLS ASSESSED.
Cotton Oil company, Denmark, $20,
00?; 00 per c^nc. 812,000.
Broadway Oil company, Belton,
Clarendon OH company, St. Paul,
Independent Cotton OH company,
Timmonsvllle, 11,000; 80,000.
TimmonsvilleOll mill, $29,000; $17,
Cameron Oil company, 320,000; 812,
Rowesvllle, 320,000; 812,000.
Wilkinville, $15,000; $9,000.
Prosperity, $20,000; $12 000.
Walterboro Oh company, $25,000;
Gold ville Oil company, 312,000; $7,
Seaboard OH company, 832,000; $19,
Townvllle Oil company, $10,000;
Lee County Manufacturing com
pany, $25,000; 315,000.
Westminster. $20,000; $12,000.
Fort Motte, $20,000; $12,000.
Donnald Cotton OH company, $15,
.Jonesville, $20,000; 812,000.
Williamsburg, $30,000; $18,000.
Pauline Cotton Oil company, 820,
Pickens, $20,000; 812,000.
The assessments on fertilizer facto
ries were not changed, the follwiug re
port having been adopted:
We recommend that all assessments
stand same as last year. While we
lind many of the assessments reduced
we see no reason for same, as we have
no information at our command to
Anderson Fertilizer company, An
derson county, 800,000.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany, Beaufort county, 8105,000.
Asbepoo Fertilizer company, Char
leston county, $78,000.
Etiwan Fertilizer company, Charles
J^ms**-"*}? $45,1 O0T^ ,.,-u^r...^
"Vi rfc .fila ^?roi ?a Chemical com
pany (Atlantic works), Charleston
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Chicora works), Charleston
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Berkeley works), Charleston
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Imperial works), Charleston
county, $! 10,910.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Standard works), Charleston
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Stono works), Charleston coun
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany (Wando works), Charleston coun
Read Prospbato company, Charles
ton county, $41,649.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical con
pany, Cherokee county, $32,982.
Georgia Chemical works, Colleton
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany, Dorchester county, $54,000.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany. Greenville county, $80,955.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical com
pany, Richland county, $75,000.
F. S. Royster Guano company, Rich
land county, 845,180.
Sparlanburg Fertilizer company,
Spartanburg county, $7,ooo.
Coorain Cotton Crop.
A well known traveling man of At
lanta, for a number of years in the
cotton business In that alty and Ma
con, who has just returnd to Atlanta
from a two months trip to all parts of
Georgia, declares that the outlook for
anything like a full cotton crop in
that state ls the gloomiest since the
civil war. With the single exception
of a small area of territory around Al
bany, Fort Valley and Weekley, there
is no Indication of an average crop. In
some sections he says not more than a
third of the cotton acreage has been
planted, and what seed have been put
in the ground has only partially ger
minated, owing to the prolonged
drought. He gave lt as his opinion
that cotton would call again for 15
cents per pound before Christmas, ow
ing to the calamities to thc crop in
Georgia and the weevil pest in Texas,
the two large producing states in the
Fourni II?H Ot ad Hotly.
The dead body of Herman S. Petti
bone, 31 years old, a son of former
Congressman A. ll. Pettibone of Ten
nessee, was found in a hotel In Wash
ington Thusday. Some drugs of a mix
ture of aconite and morphine were
found in a glass on the bureau of thc
room Indicated that the man had com
mitted suicide and the coroner gave a
certllicate to that effect, Pettilxme had
been dead some hours when found. Mis
father, who ls now at Huntsville,
Ala., was notified. Young Pettibone
had been despondent.
?tciin thf Money.
A loss Of from $30,000 to $00,000
tl)rough the embezzlement of Its
funds by a trusted employe, Douglass
? M. Smith, ls admitted by the olllcers
of the National Tradesmens bank of
i New Haven, Conn. Thc exact loss is
not yet known. Smith, who waa pay
ing and receiving teller of the bank,
i has acknowledged voluntarily that he
, embezzled about 830,000 and the grea
? ter part of it, if not all, within the
. past eight or nine months.
JOINED THE SOUTH.
Many Regular Army Officers Joined
the Confederate Forces.
MANY OF THEM BECAME FAMOUS.
A Partial List, Willoh KmbraccB Only
Thone Who HoRcTto MI ?ls Rank
tn tho New Army that
The Washington Star says from In
quiry recently made has been learned
that 242 regular army olllcers resigned
to enter thc Confederate service dur
ing the civil war. The movement
was gradual, beginning on December
31, 1800, and continuing to August
23, 1801. The tirst olllcer to resign
was Captain and Brevet Major Henry
C. Wayne, assistant quartermaster.
He sent in his resignation on the last
day of 1800. On the following day
Brevot Second Lieutenant Wade II.
Gibbes, 2d cavalry, resigned and also
Second Lieut. Janies H. Holliuquist,
4th artillery. Up to January 28, 1801,
seven other olllcers resigned. In Feb
ruary twenty-four more resigned.
When the bombardment of Fort
Sumter "tired the Southern heart"
resignations followed fast, causing
uneasiness in the North, creating
grave doubts concerning the loyalty
of regular anny olllcers, of whom so
much was now expected, and also gen
erating intense and unjust prejudice
against the West Point Military
Academy. The humble rank of many
at the outset who afterward held high
command is interesting to note.
The late Gen. .lames Longstreet,
who shattered tho army of Rosecrans
afc Chickamauga and would have done
a great deal more had he not met a
great Virginian-Gen. George H.
Thomas-was a peaceful paymaster
when the war began and never turned
his back on the Government till June
Hobert Edward Lee resigned the
colonelcy of the 1st cavalry on April
25, 1801. Ho had been superinten
dent of West Point-the best mili
tary school in the world.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee was a first lieu
tenant in the 2d cavalry and resigned
Geu. "Joe" Wheeler was second
lieutenant In a regiment of mounted
rillemen, and resigued April 22.
Both armies (hilled and fought by
"Hardee's Tactics." The day before
the battle of Shiloh began Hardee (a
Confederate general) sat on his horse
and watched a brigade of Grant's sol
diers drilling by "Hardee's Tactics,"
and the next day cried out, to a cap
"Boys, 1 saw you drilling hy "Har
dee's Tactics' yesterday. To day you
you are lighting by them."
Willi rt rn J. Hardee. was _ lieutenant
"cblbn^l?f~cne I'sTcavalry a?ST?e??gu?cf
on January 31, 1861 i
Albert Sidney Johnston, who fell at
thc bead of his victious linea on thc
tirst day at Shiloh, was colonel of the
2d cavalry and brevet brigadier gen
eral. Ile resigned on May 3. He had
commanded an expedition against the
Gen. Earl Van Dorn, who fought
so desperately at luka and Corinth
and who afterward at Holly Springs
burnt up the supplies and ammunition
Grant had tgathered for the Vicks
burg campaign-who defeated Grant's
advance through Central Misslssppi
was major of the 2d cavalry and re
signed on the 31st Of January. After
his raid on Holly Springs ne was kill
ed by an injured husband.
Gen. John II. Winder, who won ill
fame as chiet commander of Ander
scoville prison, was major and brevet
lieutenant colonel ol the 1th artillery.
He resigned on the 27t,h ol' April.
Capt. Lucius B< Northrop, of the
1st dlagoons, resigned on January 8.
Gen. Kirby Smith, whose name was
a household world west of the Missis
sippi, was major of thc 2d cavalry
and resigned on April ll.
Every veteran of thc war knows
what a Sibley tent is. lt was invent
ed by Major Henry II. Sibley, of the
1st dragoons, who resigned on May 13.
Gen. John B. Magruder was captain
and brevet lieutenant colonel of thc
1st artillery and resigned on April 20.
Gen. Richard S. E.vell, who made
such trouble on Meade's right Hank
at Getysburg and was heard of at
other places, was a captain of tho lat
dragoons and resigned May 7.
"Stonewall" Jackson was a first,
lleufccntcnant in thc 8th infantry and
resigned April 1.
Gen. .lohn C. Pemberton, who sur
rendered Vicksburg and 37,ooo men
to Gen. Grant and who till then had
been a special favorite of Jefferson
Davis, was captain and brevet major
in the 4fch artillery and resigned on
April 29, Ile was a Northern man
and was led to join the Confederacy
by his wife, a daughter of the South.
Goo. Pierre G. T. Beauregard, of
South Carolina, who superintended
thc bombardment of Fort Sumter,
who commanded at Shiloh after thc
fall of Albert Sidney Johnston and
who fortified Corinth against, llallcck,
was captain and brevet major of the
corps of engineers. He resigned
Gen. Lewis A. A milstead, one of
thc heroes of Pickett's charge at Get
tysburg, was captain and brevet major
of tile tilli Infantry and resigned May
20. Ile was a Virginian, as all of
Pickett's men were. At Gettysburg
bc lcd the forlorn hope across the
stone wall and was killed about
twelve paces inside of lt. When lie
feli Lieut. Gushing (Union) was ten
paces In front of him and was killed
while tiring a charge of grape and
canister into the Confederate ranks
from tlie last available gun of the
Capt. George E. Pickett resigned
from tlie 9th i til uti try on June 25
He lcd thc famous charge at Gettys
burg and wasdesperateiy wounded.
Capt. J. E. B. Stuart, of tho 1st
cavalry, resigned May l t to become
Gen. "Jeb" Stuart, Lee's great cavalry
leader, who was mortally wounded in
Gen. Ambrose P. Hill, "Lee's right
bower," was a lirst lieutenant of the
1st artillery and resigned March 1.
In a dying delirium Stonewall Jack
son said: "Order A. P. Hill to pre
: pare for action. Pass the infantry to
the front." Then, as If the fray had
been won, be added: "Let us cross
the river and.rest in tbe shade of the
trees." When Grant was crushing
the lines at Petersburg Lee said to
Hill: "General your men are giving
way." Hill galloped into the melee
Gen John Ii. Villcplgue, who led a
wing of Price's army at Corinth, was
a first lieutenant of the 2d dragoons
and resigned on March 31.
Gen. John JU. Hood, who fought
with Sherman at Atlanta and with
Thomas at Nashville, was a tlrst lieu
tenant of the 2d cavalry and resigned
on April 16.
Capt. Lafayette McLaws. of the 7th
infantry, resigned March 23. On the
second day at Gettysburg, asagoneral
of Longstreet's corps, he almost cap
tured Hound Top-thc key of the bat
tlctleld. He made assault In conjunc
Mon with Hood. Meade afterward said
that If Round Tup had been taken
"nothing could have been held."
Gen. John S. Marmaduke bore a
leading part in the lighting west of
the Mississippi. His raids into Mis
souri made him famous. He was a se
cond lieutenant of the 7th Infantry,
resigning on April 17.
lt is a good time since the war and
If any mistake ls found In the preced
ing let some Southern "vet" correct
it. Of these disaffected otllcers three
have since been In the service of the
United States Government- Gen
Fithzugh Lee, Gen Joseph Wheeler
and the late Gen Longstieet, the lat
ter having been related by marriage
to Gen Grant and having a sou now
commanding a company In the 13tb
United States cavalry, lt ls probably
well known that a soldier of the Mex
can war who afterward served In thc
Confederate army is nevertheless en
titled to a pension for hts service in
JAPANESE CUT TO PIECES.
Cossacks Hore Down on Them in n
The .Japanese lost 200 killed anda
number of horses In the tight at Va
genfuohu Wednesday. The Rusdans
opened tire at 8 o'clock in the morn
ing and after two hours and a half
long ratine tiring the Japanese under
Gen. Akkiama prepared to charge and
crush the. force which had been har
rassing them for twenty-one days,
in thc meantime Gen. Samsonen' was
approaching Vagenfuchu with a
strong force of cavalry. It was a
sight worth seeing when at the word
of command, the Russian squadrons
formed and rushed like a whirlwind
across thc terrible cut up country,
clearing away all obstacles, the bat
teries at the same time trotting along
thc frightful roads. Having passed
the railroad station, the troops came
under thc tire of the Japanese ma
chine guns, but withdrew without
suffering much loss.
Tho fourth and sixth companies ol
the E'ghth Siberian Cossacks furious
ly charged the Japauese cavalry with
lances, attacking both thinks. - In a
few minutes they literally cut the
whole squadron into pieces. This
was the first time lances were used
and they struck terror to the euemy.
In some cases the lances pierced the
riders through and wounded their
Some of the lances cojld not be
withdrawn from the bodies into which
they hud entered. The Japanese in
fantry, numbering four battalions of
300 men to a company, and eight
squadrons of cavalry attempted to ad
vance, hut the Russian batteries open
ed and soon the slope up which the
enemy was advancing was covered
with hlaek spots and the. enemy was
forced to scatter and retire. The Jap
at.de cavalry were wonderfully dash
ing, charging with shouts upon the
Russians, who met and scatered them.
A Cossack who had lost his lance
and sword wrenched a sword from a
Japaneseotliccr and cut ctr theotllcer's
head. The Cossa ,ks picked up boots
which had been taken od by thc Jap
anese in order to facilitate the fight
and nourished them on their lances as
j tropics. The Japanese used the Roer
trick of displaying dummies but the
Cossacks did not waste a shot on
them. Gen. Samsonot! highly praised
the practice of thc Russian gunners.
Henry Miles, a colored man resid?
lng at Illy the, Ga., died Tuesday night
of last week at the home of friends at
812 Camphell street, after a lingering
illness indicted at his own hands on
July 4, inuit. Miles, on the date
mentioned, through mistake, drank
enough pottassium to leave his throat
in a condition that through a com
plication of diseases, gradually
ally grew worse until it closed entire
ly up Tuesday, and Dr. Goodrich,
who was in attendance, was unable to
fcive him any nourishment, lt was
deeincrl necessary to hold an inquest
Wednesday, and the body received a
pauper's hurlai Wednesday afternoon.
The Charleston Post says: "The
family of Mr. and Mrs. T. P. DeGaf
ferelly were still quite ill Friday from
the effects Of the icecream which they
partook of heartily on Monday night
at a party, given at their home on
King street. Thc material from
which the cream was made was thc
best, and tho on'.y explanation which
can he advanced is that thc churn ls
responsible for the poisoning of all
who ate the cream. Mrs. DeGaffer
elly and Mr. Oscar Hughes are Ina
worse condition than the other mem
bers of the family. While their con
dition ls serious, hopes are entertain
ed of their recovery."
Lynched in Iowa.
At Orangeville, Iowa, T. M. Myers,
who killed George Brownlee and
wounded Alice Bennett three weeks
ago, has been taken from otllcers and
lynched. The lynchers wero masked
and outnumbered; the otllcers three to
one. Thc method of death is not
known. Myers yyaa being taken to
tlic county iail.
Killed Hy Faut Mail.
Frank Ilolmcs.'elghtecn years old,
and Daniel Deadrl^h, aged nine, were
Instantly killed by a fast mall on the
Southern railway riear the Memphis
city limits Frldatt morning. Thc
boys were driving 'lacrosa the track
when the accident occurred,
One of .thi Old Coloriai Hontea of
SITUATED OR* OLD GOOSE CREEK.
Secrot Passages or tho Old Man
alon, Which ls Now CJolng
to'Ruins. Haid tu Bo
In the busy rush of our own times,
surrounded by all the conveniences
and luxuries, it is like reading a
romance of another age, when we
paus?j?nd confider the lives of those
who preceded un In the days when this |
land was young. Their quiet, and to
us uneventful lives, seem so full of
peace) and yet like us, they had their
caret; and anxieties., and perhaps often
great jr trials. They went more slowly,
hut Ul ey had a hard battle to wage in
reclaiming the wilderness.
I Milrtnvlte my readers to go back I
with "'EBB about a century anda half
and lake a peep at the home and
home: .lifo of, one of the stately and
busy dames of that period. ?
On i the banks of Goose Creek there
still s '.ands the ruins of an old man
sion h lit about the year 1094, by Sir
John ?emans, and sold by him to
Thoma^ Smith, Landgrave of South
Carolina. The house was of brick,
remarkable for their small size, and j
as ar jv^ldence that these peoples' lives |
were/'ho';' altogether passed in peace,
tho tause was fortified ag a'nat the
atta? s of Indians. Thc walls of the
base eht and of the first story were
prov, ed, with loopholes, and an under
ground' vaulted passage led .to the
creek! where boats were concealed, so
that in . case the house was tired the ?
family could make their escape.
IicLwccLi tue ceiling and floor of one
of tlfe rooms was arranged a small
seorel] chamber, access to which was
bad through a trap door concealed In
a clos :t on the second lloor.
Thd house was entered from the
front'Athe door leading into a large
hall, flom which led doors into other
rooms,'"We are told by one who wrote
of th4) old house many years ago, that
the f alls of this hall were painted in
llandfjape and tiny gilded cherubs
spreajl their wings above the arches
?of thj panels. A huge fireplace stood
in oni corner, decorated with Dutch
tilesjrepreseuting scriptural scenes.
raising to the back of this hall, a
stairway led to thc upper rooms; holes
w?re?pterced at intervals in the wall,
so thuf.i? an entrance was forced Into
the baU the defenders could lire upon
Almtfeb -within a stone's throw of
the jltf&Se is the family burying
grountl,. where sleep several genera
tion'? 'u1 those who luhabltated the j
^*fef<"m;cert.ai n .old. records,, j.
tu as customary in those days'
(174." to remain upon thc plantation
all the year round, and there are some
letters written to friends in Charles
ton inviting them to come Into the
country in .July and August, to escape
the heat of the city.
Now let us take a look into the busy
home life of the mistress of this old j
mansion, Madame S-, was left a
widow with a large family of children
and step-children; she proved herself
a most efficient manager, and was aid
ed by a worthy man, Mr. F.lerton,
who appears to have lilied the posi
tion of schoolmaster, and general
factotum of the establishment, lie
kept a journal of everything that
transpired, and it is from this old re
cord that we. gain an insight Into the
daily life ot* tho plantation. To quote
some of these entries will give a bet
ter idea of this life than I cadd de
scribe, and so 1 will use his own
".January 20, 1740. -Madam went
to Mr. Sam Waring's and remained
"January 25th she rented Hack
River Plantation to I'cter llusklns,
27th went to church with Mr. A relier j
Smith, :t0th, sold seven cords of wood
and killed hogs.
"February 20th- Settled with Mad
am for the year. She paid balance In
"March 17th-Miss Hetsey Smith
and her niece Nancy Waring, came
from Goose Creek from Nancy's uncle,
who sent her to me to school, and to j
live with her step-grandmother, Mad
"May 14th-John and Archer S.
came to school.
"May 28th-Received letter from
Capt Grange to appear and muster on
"Thirty-seven negroes taken up and
carried before Mr. Colleton; kept guard
all night In sundry places; this after
noon came from muster field, and went
again at niglit after setting patrols.
"July 12th-Madame went to Mr.
Ralph Iza rd's to pay her tax; it
amounted to Cl.'18.
"July 23-Madame and Miss Hetsey
went to hear Mr. Whitfield preach;
and the dog, Jowler, died.''
These are only a few of tho entries
in this queer old record, and go to show
how busy were the lives lived by these
Mr. Elerton was very careful in bis
notes, recording the negro insurrection
of 1740 as well as the fact that "the
dog Jowler died," and that he had fin
ished the "potter cellar."
Madame was kept busy with her
household affairs, she. went In person
to pay her taxes, attended to t ?e
schojling wf her children, and those of
her relatives. She was a "dissenter,"
for she went often to hear the noted
Mr. Whitfield preach. With lt all she
found leisure for reading, for we are
told that a negro boy was sent at in
tervals to Dorchester for books from
thc circulating library, Ile went about
twelve miles, mounted a horse and
carrying a bag made of cow-skin, with
the hair Inside to prevent scratching
Madame S-lived to a good old
age, and Hes In thc family burying
ground nearby the now deserted and
ruined mansion. She died In 1777,
and a quaint story ls told, bow she
still haunted the scenes of her busy
A governess was employed In the
family many years after; one Sunday
morning sho stole away to her cham
ber and indulged in the very naughty
plc:.sure of reading a novel called
1 'The Turkish Spy. " Deeply interest
ed In the thrilling tale, she heard foot
steps approaching, the chamber door
opened noiselessly, and an old lady of
bengin countenance anpeard, dressed
In a brown silk gown, with white
muslin kerchief pinned across her
breast, and wearing a close cap. The
governess supposing her to be a visi
tor, arose and offered her a seat; the
ligure advanced, pointed to the open
novel, and passed silently on into an
other room whore, she disappeared.
The description of the figure, and
its dress corresponded to the appear
ance of Madano S-no one else
had Been her, and thus the spirit of
the st?rn "dissenter" bad comeback
to rebuke the desecration of the
Sabbath in her old home. From that
time we are told the governess was
more particular in her (selection of
Sunday reading and we (suppose con
lined herself to tracts and other re
ligious works.-J. I. W. In Charleston
MIXED HIS LETTERS UP.
Put Hla Pension and Insurance Ap
plication? in Wroiifc Knvelopes.
Besides being a statesman, Senator
Dryden of New Jersey is also the .
president ot a prominent life in
surance company. The other day he
received a letter like this: "Dear
Sir: I am desirous of taking out a
life insurance policy, and as I am from
your Btate, I thought I would write
you directly, thinking I might get
better terms, especially as I am In
the best of health and would be an
excellent risk. I have never suffered
a day's serious illness in my life. I
would be glad if you would have one
of your agents directed to give my
matter personal attention. Very truly
yours, John Smith."
The next letter the senator picked
up had been forwarded to him from
the insurance company's main office,
and was along this line: "Dear Slr:
Can't you get mea pension? I served
in the Spanish war, contracted a fever
in Cuba, and have since suffered with
weakness of the back and legs, shock
to nervous system, diseases of the
stomach and digestive organs, vertigo
and other ailments until I am a physi
cal wreck. If anything ls to be done ;
for me lt must come soon. Very j
respectfully, John Smith."
Mr. Smith had made the embarrass- j
ing mistake of addressing the appllca- (
Hon for pension to the insurance office ,
and thc letter about the policy to j
Washington. Had he not done this
his deception would probably never ,
have been discovered. As a result
Smith will receive neither the pension (
nor the policy.
A Full Menagerie of Names.
A story is told of a Cherokee woman
who has married six times, and has ;
never gotten out of the animal line.
When-she was a girl she was known :
as M?.^J&lQlUev.^4Uthe Sh* married. !
an Indian named Coon, and when
that gentleman was transferred to the
happy hunting grounds she soon be
came Mrs. Fox. The Fox did not last '
always, and when he entered the last
obase the widow married a mild man
named Mule, who never ha l any kick
coming till he harnessed up to draw
his load across the great divide.
After a period of mourning the widow
again entered the realms of matrimo
nial bliss and became Mrs. Wolfe; and
when his scalp went to the Great
Father, along with his corporeal re
mains, she became the wife of a man
named Tiger, and when Mr. Tiger
changed his stripes for a pretty white
robe in the great beyond she selected
another husband by thc name of
Shot Himself Dead.
C. L. Saylor otlice manager for the
Armour Packing company at South
Omaha, Nt b., committed suicide at
ilanscomb park Thursday by shoot
ing himself through the head. The
act was committed an hour bet?re the
time set for Mr. Saylor's departure
for an Ohio sanitarium, where he was
going for treatment of his nervous sys
tem. He had been a sufferer from
nervous prostration for nearly a year,
said to have been the result of over
work. During the afternoon Saylor
had made all preparations for his east
ern trip and started for a stroll in the
park before starting to tho train. An
hour later his son walked through the
park and discovered his father lying
near a path in a pool of blood. Saylor
was prominent in business and profes
sional clubs has been connected with
the Armour plant since its construc
tion several years ago. He was 48
years of age and leaves a widow and
Soldiers at Fort Kilian Allen which
is located near Burlington, Vt., are
panic stricken by three mysterious
muiders that have been committed on
men in the ranks and the fourth sav
age attack upon au infantryman who
is now dying from stab wounds. All
of the details of the murders have
been kept secret by officers, who are
In communication with General Cor
bin. He is expected at the Fort to
take personal charge of the inquiry.
Homes arc barricaded and men of the
district go heavily armed at night.
The names of the murdered men are
kept secret and nothing but tho bare
facts are obtainable. The first mur
der was three weeks ago Thursday.
The fact that all thc victims were
soldiers loads to the belief that the
bloody deeds are the work of a deser
ter who ls c'ra/.y._
Tho Ohio Way.
A dispatch from Springfield, Ohio,
says another lynching was attempted
I there Thursday night. A crowd of
I negroes surrounded the jail at mid
night to lynch Walter Fisher, colored,
under arrest for killing Edward Boone,
colored. Sheriff Routzahn had just
returned from Dayton where he took
Fisher for safe keeping, and so advis
ed the crowd, which yelled back that
they would get Fisher when he was
brought back for trial.
Pound Dead in Room.
John C. Cole, representing an in
surance company of New York, was
found dead In his room lu a hotel at
Birmingham, Ala., Thursday night.
Ile was a well known man having oc
cupied a prominent government posi
tion In Washington for a number of
years. He lived In Portsmouth, O.,
land has relatives there.
EVERYBODY GOT DIAMONDS.
Expresa Train Shower? Vlllr.-o With
A special to the New York Times
(rom Raleigh, N. C., says: News has
been received here that Lucarna, a
little town'near this city, has been In
a state of ferment for the past week.
On Monday a passenger train was
wrecked near the station and several
cars were destroyed by fire, among
them the express car.
After the fire was put out men,
women and children began to pick
about in the ashes. One man found
a small object which proved to be a
small diamond worth $000. Immedi
ately lt became known that there
were diamonds In the ashes orowdB
flocked to the scene of the wreck.
The night before the news was gen
erally known the man who made the
discovery revisited the scene, carrying
a number of empty Backs. He filled
them with the ashes of the car. On
sifting them he uncovered diamonds
to the value of $18,000, the railroad
people are of the opinion that the,
value of the stones Btlll unaccounted
for ls more than double that of those
The railroad later placed a guard
around the wreck. The railroad has
not been requested to pay for the
diamonds, nor has the express com
pany. It ls believed they were stolen
goods being expressed to some point
South, and that the shippers are
afraid to make known their identity.
Several lawsuits have grown out of
the finds. The owner of the soil says
that the diamonds belong to him un
less the railroad demands them for
the real owner. A negro found one
gem valued at a thousand dollars.
The owner of the land on which the
wreck occurred Bued him for the pos
session of the diamond, but the negro
I Tho Weovll Eater.
Dr. Cook says the ant he has dis
covered in South America ls a natural
enemy of the cotton boll weevil, de
stroying the pest before it reaches the
cotton bolls. Dr. Cook believes that
If the ant can be acclimated in the
United States lt will put an end to
the weevil. Secretary Wilson cahled
him to bring him some of the ants
home with him. They will be placed
in the Texas cotton Heids, and it ls
hoped that they will thrive in this
country. If they live through the
winter they will be brought further
north and introduced to a colder cli
mate. Secretary Wilson has had a
special bulletin printed. * It says:
' If the cotton ant can survive a long
dry soason and perhaps cold weather ;
in the table-lands of Guatemala it ;
might easily learn to hi ber nato in \
Texas, as has the boll weevil. The
ant ls much better abler to protect :
itself against frost, since lt excavates
x nest three1 or mo-e, feet into the j
i'rouud.;r"To take ' *,rker. <?3tr to '
Texas-vi ill be 'evidently a. Vtery * ^?,
matter, but to secure queens and es
tablish permanent colonies may re- ;
quire considerable time and experi- '
ment. The insect does not do the ,
least injury to the cotton or to any
other plant, so far as has been ascer- '
tained, and it can be handled with
Impunity." The Augusta Chronicle
says "the antl-boll-weevll ant may
yet prove the salvation of the Texas
cotton Heids, and the energetic, as
well as the sluggish, he called upon to
consider her ways, since lt pays."
We hope it will.
Maj. Gen. Ainsworth, the military
secretary, Thursday received from
Gen. Wade, commanding the division
of the Philippines, a cable report of
the recent attack upon American
troops In Mindanao. The following ls
an extract from the dispatch:
"Maj. Gen. Wood returned May
30th from an expedition to Lake Llgu
asan. The remains of oftlcers and men
killed in action May 8th were brought
to Cottabato and interred. Ali's out
fit, a small aggregation of outlaws,
are now In hiding and will be pursued,
captured and destroyed. No disturb
ances whatever In Cottabato valley.
Following is a complete Hst of casual
ties among enlisted men May 8th:
"Killed: George W?chter, Ewing 1
Quillen, Benjamin B. Nolde, Elbert
W. Osborn, Martin Elnert, Amos J. |
Gilliam, Owen Hughes, William Luit
jens, John O'Connors, Leonard C.
Smith, Wm. A. Wallam, Charlie Cole,
Frank G. Meredith, last Dame having
transferred from Company E, 17th In
"Wounded: Thomas II. Beckett,
George R. Humphreys, Henry D,
Shaddeau, JohnL. Barnhouse, Francis
M. Davis, John F. Delonge. All
wounded doing well.
I "These men belonged to Company
B\ 17th infantry.
A Bloody Fight.
At Knoxville, Tenn., says a bloody
tight occurred at midnight In a res
taurant on Central street. AB a re
sult one man ls dead and two others
are mortally wounded. Constables
G. C. Gamble and T. W. McCarty
were eating when Lum and Wash Mil
ler, negroes, came into the place and
ordered something to eat. McCarty
told the negroes to walt until they
had finished. A war of words fol
lowed. Then Wash Miller struck at
Constable Gamble with a knife and
the trouble started. Lum Miller was
shot through the head by Gamble and
killed, but not until he had shot Gam
ble through the abdomen and twice In
the right leg. Wash Miller was shot
through the right arm and in the
chest by a negro named Cook, who
was trying to hit Constable McCarty.
Cook escaped. The two wounded
men are at thc hospital and can live
but a few hours at most. Gamble has
been an alllcer for several years.
Goes to Cretlitora.
The State says Mrs. R. H. Plant,
the widow of the Macon banker who
lately committed suicide, has refused
to accept any portion of the $7?0,000
In life Insurance payable to her hus
band's estate; every cent will go to
his creditors. This completes a heroic
story of self-saorltlce. Plant, lt ls
practically certain, killed himself for
the benefit of his insured creditors,
and now his wife refuses even that
part of tho estate to which she ls by
law entitled. Tho wlddom of both
the husband's ana the wife's nota maj
be questioned but Its stern fortitude,
FIVE MEN. DEAD.
Two White Men Assassinated by No
groei arid Three Negroes Lynched.
NEGROES START THE TROUBLE,
They Murder Two Mon In Cold
Blood. Three Slaughtered In
Return. On? Negro Helps
As a result of a tight which occurred
on tho Sims & Williams plantation ab
Trail Lake, Miss., Thursday night
John Sims and Iiis manager, Damed
Cato, were killed by negroes and three
of the negroes have been killed also.
The country is in n state of intense
excitement and it is feared further
trouble may ensue between the whites
The slaughter started about 10
o'clock Thursday night, when Sims
and Cato were shot down in their
store by a negro named Sam Clark.
Sims was engaged in checking up his
cash when Clark came in. before he
could make any kind of move Clark
raised a Winchester and fired, the
shot taking effect first in the back and
then breaking the collarbone. He
Clark immediately turned on Cato,
the manager, who was in another part
of the store and shot him in the right
side, the ball coming out on the left
Cato staggered out to the back of
the store and as he reached the door
a negro convict guard named Van
Horn, who was in waiting, struck him
over the head with a rifle. Cato died
at 7 o'clock Friday morning and the
physician gives it as lils opinion that
the blow over the head caused his
News of the tragedy was immedi
ately sent to Greenville and Sheriff
John Crouch, with a posse, went to
The negroes, Van Horn and Clark,
had made their escape before the posse
arrived, but the trail of, Van Horn
was found and he was tracked abouc
a quarter of a mile into the woods.
Hore another negro convict guard
named Mayfield interfered with the
posse and he was shot down in his
Van Horn was captured and taken
to Leland, 14 miles distant, where he
was placed in the jail. He remained
in jail all night under a strong guard,
and at 8:30 o'clock Friday morning he
was taken out and lynched by a mob.
While the sheriff and posse were
busy with Van Horn the other negro,
Sam Clark, returned to the Sims store
with the intention, it.Is said, of kill
ing Buck Williams, the other partner;
the bookkeeper, named Crow, who
was also at work, and, others. Crow,
howeve^: after J -evious shooting
* \!d..him iii a * wo wH? '
wbinorfabout tl?? place named Aaron
Fuller. When Clark made his appear
ance he was shot and killed by both
Crow and Fuller. It is believed at
Trail Lake that the shooting is the
outcome of a meeting held in the
vicinity of Trail Lake by a negro sec
ret society and that the negroes in
volved were picked out to do the kill
At Spartanburg while swinging
from a ladder on the end of a box car
which was being showly carried along
by a yard engine to couple up with
some other cars about (JO yards away,
Berry Fowler, colored, a switchman,
met his death in the yards of the
C. & W. C. railroad Wednesday morn
ing at 7.30 o'clock. He was midway
the ladder and was exchanging greet
ings with two negro women walking
near the track when his hat blew off,
causing him tn turn his head around
and at the same time lean further
away from the car. Just then the
box car passed along where a mall car
stood on a parallel track and the
head of thc switchboard came in ab
rupt contact with the irorf appendage
on the outside of the mail car v/hiob
is used in handling bags and pouches.
The man fell to the ground and in a
few minutes was dead. Concussion of
the brain was caused. The verdict of
the coroner's jury was th^t the death
was accidedtal and was not the result
of the act of any person or persons.
Ants Destroy Weevils.
? dispatch from San Antonia,
Texas, bays Jose Cassiano, former
county collector, who has several hun
dred acres of cotton in that county, la
tte bearer of good tidings concerning
tho work of red ants. Mr. Cassiano'a
I fields, less than a month ago, were
alive with boll weevils. Today he
said there is not a live weevil In his
fields. The rows are strewn with dead
weevils, which the busy little red
ants are carrying away by thousands.
Mr. Cassiano says a close inspection
failed to show a single live weevil on
a cotton plant anywhere in his fields.
The ants are on the plants and the
rows between In countless thousands.
They seem to have completed tho
slaughter of the weevils and are now
engaged In carrying the corpses away,
probably to be stored for food.
Nine persons are reported to have
been killed and many injured In a col
lision of passenger trains on the Mis
souri Pacific railroad near Martin City,
15 miles south of Kansas City. Tho
trains, which met head-on, were tho
westbound Colorado limited, No. 1,
and the eastbound lloisington, Kas.,
accommodation No. 3?. A message re
ceived by Missouri Pacific officials
there ordered them to send a relief
train as soon as possible and to get a'l
the surgeons obtainable from which it
is inferred that numerous passengers,
wore hurt. Newspaper men were not
permitted on the relief train, which
left about ll o'clock Saturday night
and details of the accident cannot be
learned until the return of the trata
with the dead and injured.
Twelve persons wore hurt near Cam
den, N. J., carly Thursday morning-a
i trolley car overturned and rolled down
1 an embankment on the line running
i from Camden to Trenton. Three were
? badly Injured and were taken to hoe
, pital in Philadelphia and they may