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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, March 03, 1905, Image 4

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FARMERS TRUST.
A Speech on the Subject by Ex.
Senator McLiiuris.
ITH WORTH REAPING.
He Presented His View? is a Way
Which Attracted Not a Little At
tention, and He was Apnlaud
ed Frequently by His
Hearers.
We publish below Ex-Senator Mc
Laurita speech before the Cotton
Farmers Convention In^Columbiadtist
' week:
"Jui.t a few years ago," ho said,
"the farmers of Kansas and Nebraska
were turning grain to reduce a sur
plus, tis we have heard recently of
burning cotton in Georgia and Tex:.s.
For the few years past the crops in
the west have been the largest on
record and yet wheat ls today selling
at nea:ly 81. HO. the equivalent of 12
1-2 cent cotton, while oats, corn,
barley, rye and all other foodstuffs are
proportionately high. Thero ls a
striking analogy between wheat and
cotton; they are the two great agri
cultural export crops of tho Unltsd
States: more and more, the civilized
world is looking to oar country for
food and clothing.
"It is interesting aud Instructive in
this crisis to hud out why it is that
the wheat farmer has been able fer
tho past year to hold prices so high
above thc European purity. I ha ven't
made thc comparison in some time,
but not long ago 1 did and while the
European farmers were getting about
80 cents, the American farmer was
receiving about 81 per bushel. Right
across the border In Canada, wlieat
was selling for much less than lt was
In Michigan. The wheat farmers
know that sooner or later Europ?en
supplies will be exhausted at.d they
must draw on the Uulud States.
Making due allowance for war, which
always makes provisions higher would
not answer the qurstien, for thai
would mean that Foropean price,
should be higher than in the United
States.
"A shortage iu the American cr p
of 75,000,000 bushels from last year
is not suflicient explanation. The
great competitor of cottoti is wool,
and trade journals speak of the aimo.' t
complete failure of the wool cn p of
Australia, and it teetis to ire that,
under the ordinary law of supply and
demand this should be a factor i:i
fixing the intrinsic value of colton,
but we fail to see the effect.
"Nature has given the cotton plan
tera great advantage jver the wheal,
grower. While tho Bi uth enjoys an
almost complete mt nopoly in the pro
duction of cotton, wheat is produced
all ( ver the world, iron the Arctic to
lower temperate /.ones.
"Thero is but one anscer to the
problem, the wheat farmer is organ
ized and bas learned the lesson of how
to riauage his affairs on the business
prli clples that govern the other in
ri dusi rles of tue world.
" S. few years ago they were binging
him to sleep with thai: same old song
'ove .production,' coined by selfish
gret d co enable the privileged few to
rob ohes many. Ile was pointed, as
you are, to the laws ol supply and ele
mai d-another law of God ?hat has
been prostituted and^^ie to turn tfcjd
pncv'c?t?- oi* honest labor into the cof
fers of those 'who toil not, neither do
tile;' spin. '
'Thc wheat farmers of the west re
plied to these doctrinaires. 'Away
with your devil's gospel of greed: we
do not believe it. Every grain of our
wheat is consumed eacb year, and yet
we hef.r of famine in Ireland, India,
England and Russia; the wail of the
hungry poor of New York, London
and Paris reaches our ears. There are
bread riots elsewhere, while wo burn
cornait) feed wheat to cattle. V an
economic theory is all a lie, for you
tell these millions th it they starve
because there ls im br.'ad, while you
tell us that we starve because of !ts
very abundance.' That ls just what
ls being told the cotton farmer today.
As Tum Watson said at New Orleans:
'If we make no crop, it is ruin: if we
make t crop, it is ruin, too.' It is
the devil, fellow citizens, not Ged,
who promulgated the creed, 'You can
and you can't, you wlil and you won't
you are damned if you do and you are
damned if you don't.'
"Whatdid the wheat farmers dj?
They first organ z'-d. They bu lt
warehouses all over t h ; west. Whon
the fi.rmers can atc re their wheat
they get a certificate for this, and
they Ci.n go to any bank and "draw
their money on it win never needed.
Ile needn't force his wheat on the
market until tho price is an induce
ment. Tho trade j umala told usa
year and a half agu that tho farmers
had passed the word around that they
wanted and intended to have 91 per
bushel fur their wheat, and in spite
of the combined efforts of the speen
lators more than a year ago wheat
went to *1 a bushel. For a few weeks
they forced the price under ito cents,
but the farmers simply refused to sell
and today its equivalent In cotton
would be 12 1-2 cents a pound. Even
in the far ill Argentine they have
taken the cue, and fixed upon 80 cen ts
as the price they demand for wheat,
and at every shipping point there is a
warehouse where wheat is stored until
it brings the price. Fellow citizens,
cotton ia the only prod mt in the world
where the prion is fixed entirely by
the purchaser, and the mun who
makes thc uri ? ele has no voice In lt.
You haul a li ad of cot,on Into town,
you go to a buyer; he says, 'Wait till
Liverpool comos in.' In a few min
utes lt is cha!kod up on the black
board, and j ( II aro told what yin
must take. Gentlemen, this coat I
havti on stayed on sumo merchant's I
shelf until I paid his price fur lt. He I
told nie what he would take and I i
either had to pay his price or go with
Out. ?
'"Che coal trust, thc meat trust, all ?
fix t ie price of their products and I
they keep them until they get that ?
prie;. Vou may starve, you may ]
free: e, you may gu inked, but you i
mus J pay their pilco o - go without. i
"All that the. Now Orleans ph.n i
mea' s la that wo, the producers of <
the natorlul that clothes tho world, 1
intei d now and hence! >rth and for- <
over to have a voice in fixing tho | <
prlct (>f the products of our labor ; ;
(Oh? th.) To talk about the law of 1
supply and demand to the planter is (
undi r pre-scnt conditions an Insult to i
his Intelligence. Only a year a?o ^
otton tu?t bad boen sold for con
umptlon and exported to Europe was
) arrowed, reimported into this coun
try and dumped on the market, used
igain and again, until Sully was
3roleen and prices given a blow from
which they have never recovered.
"The law? o? supply and demand!
What chance have you to take advan
tage of the laws of supply and demand
when the government itsolf discrimi
nates against your produot, when the
wheat farmer is given 25 cents a
bushel protection against wheat from
Canada and the Argentine and cotton
can be brought hero free of duty and
used to depress the price of your pro
duot? Cotton is the only great staple
produot not protected. Wheat got*
25, coin 15, barley, oats, ryo and
eoerything else [have thrown ar und
it the fostering care of the govern
ment, while cotton is left to shift for
itself, and lt is our fault. If we had
had a duty of 5 cents a pound on cot
ton Imports, Sully, Brown and Hay ne
could have held the market until it
would have declined materially under
the Influence of a large crop and this
crop would have averaged you 10 cern
a pound.
"Tho laws of supply and demand,
indeed I How much good are they to
you when the agricultural depart
ment spends $1,000.000 a year collect
lng accurate statistics on acreage and
conditions and bet?re you ever get a
chance to market a bale the whole
consuming world knows to almost a
pound what you will make. What
chance d d you have last fall after
tho December report; in a few hbur?
cotton was below the cost of produc
tion.
"Wherever they can the bene tit of
thc laws of supply and demand are
absolutely denied the cotton farmer,
while others glory in their beneficence.
Fellow clt!zeus, the New Orleans con
ventlon calls upon you to'organiza for
self preservation. I* have heard the
?neer, 'Oh you can't get tbe Tanners
to unite, the thing wiil fall.' To these
I reply the farmers of the west, are
organized; they control the situation,
and the southern cotton planter, in
patriotism, Intelligence, patleut en
durance, self control and courage, I.
the peer of any man, anywhere in
this wide world. (Cheers.)
"Will you seize the opportunity or
will you trample uurierfootthe ad van
tages given you by God and nature?
Let us b gio, let us organize for the
monopoly given us by Gad lu the pro
duction of raw cotton; lt ls the first
s'.ep toward that time when within
our borders we shall spin all the cot
ton m ule aud exporting nothing but
the finished products make the sou .Jo
rich beyond our wildest dreams
There is a tierce battle goi og on for
commercial supremacy. This will
not stop with the addition of a cont
or two to the price of cot'.on; then
are is ues of greater moment, it is a
fight for thc Bupn m'?cy of the south
in the great industrial war now being
wiged in tills world. The watchlires
atc hghted on the hilltop!, and the
bugle has sounded the call to arms;
the tramp of the legions may be
heard from the Cape Fear to the Rio
Grand.
"The convention at New Orlean
threw down the gauge of battle and
the captains of the tens an! hundred*
are metering Israel's busts.
"I warn you that the fight will be
long, hard and bitter; if we fail it
means the world's contempt fora
people who could not use God given
opportunities. If we succeed, O, men,
and the sons of men, who follower)
the starry crossover the lillis of Vir
ginia and am<d the swamps of the
Mississippi, who rejoiced v/ith Jack
son at Hull Run and wept with Lee at
Appomattox, lt means, O, L ird God
of battles, that thou hast reversed thy
verdict at Gettysburg and Appomat
tox, it means victory, victory for the
south without the shedding of a wi
dow's tear or the loss of a single dror.
of human blood.
"Fellow citizens, the issue was made
at New (Orleans, lt ls Dixie avenue
against Wallstreet! The man whe
falters and hesitates ls the man whe
would make a few paltry dollars, by
incteasing lils acreage at the expense
of his patriotic neighbor, H a coward
and a traitor to his own s ction and
people. (Cheers.)
"The New Orleans convention
found Itself confronted by two pro
positions.
' First, to take care of the present
surplus of 2,000,000 hales.
"Second, to curtail the acreage ol
the current year.
"Third, to hud new markets by
1907, so as to put our industry on n
stable basis and prevent a recurrence
of preseot conditions.
"For the 2,00u,000 bales of cottor:
a pi ol has been formed with ample
ea pi tal to back it. If trusts are to be
ehe order of the day, we will cease te
he the only victim, and we will have
a colton trust, too; nota st ciel, dark
lantern arrangement, but a trust
formed fer self protection, in broad
open day. by the representatives ol
.?~> 000,000 people in 20 States of this
union, producing the crop i pori whlcli
thc whole world relies for clothing
material.
"This ls the most gigantic com bl
nation ever dreamed of. What the
lesult will he no man can tell.
"One thing is sure, if you carry it
out like every other trust it will be
effective. Refuse to sell your cotton,
but instead deposit lt in a warehouse
and draw your money al the hanking
ag. n.'ks established by the cotton
trust, and in addition reduce youl
acreage; it means that the men win;
form this pool will have the consumers
and bear speculators at their mercy,
and yt ii can dictate nrleos for the
next eri p. Whether the power would
be abused or not ls another question;
hut I tio say, that it makes you for
the time the complete ruaste.!., of the
cotton world, and that you will have
to be consulted about the price ol
your product. Mo one will tell yoe
wiiat he will give, but will anxiously
Inquire what you will take for your
cotton.
"1 say further, fellow ol ti zens, that
condition! which force a whole people
to a; tempt the organization of a trust,
which, hiv. every other trust, lias foi
Its Object the overturning i f tho na
bural law of supply and demand,
brands as something false and wronij
?he political and industrial condition!
under which its occurs, it pres-, nts t
problem that orles out f>r solution
dong reasonable, natural lines. The
itatesman who denies it in a fraud,
[>hc political economist who shirks I!
is a hypocrite, and the Christian whe
[lasses It by is a traitor to his Goel
md country. As to whether such a
gigantic trust, with Its millions ol
members,'pean succeed, and its effect
m publie Interests, constitute pn b
It ms too t'eep for mo. There l t ne
?Iber solution offered for the Immo
bile situation, and lt ls your duty
md my duty 11 stand by the New Or
tans convention, and orgaalze every
sounty and precinct in the Stato. Tex
is and other States aro thoroughly or
?anlzed, and South Carolina will b<
there when the long roll sounds, or
prove false to all ol her traditions. I
thought and said at the convention
that the peimaheat solution of the
cotton problem would come from find
lug wider markets for cotton goods.
No Intelligent and concerted action
has ever been mace on large scale In
this direction.
"Among the 400,000,000 people of
China we cac hind a ready market at
reasonable prices for adi the surplus
cotton the world can produce. It has
been figured out- that the world can
use 42,(300,000 bahs or cotton.
"There is auother thing that is
being done on a constantly increasing
scale, the Chinese are importing yarns
from this country and weaving it into
cloth on their hand looms, like those
our great grandmothers used back iu
slavery days. What a fleld there ls
nore amoug thete peoplo, rich with
the stored up wealth of centuries.
Tho cotton plaut in China is a little
stunted thing, with almost no staplo;
they can raise too many other crop*
of greater value for them to make
cotton. Sell them our cotton goods
direct and bring baok their camphor,
hemp, spices aud teas. I derived
most of my infor-nntlon ab. ut China
from Minister Wu, and he said the
south would lind its salvation in the
China markets, and he should certain
ly know.
Mr. McLaurin called attention to
the fact that while tho merchant fixes
t^ie price on his wares and refuses to
sell until ho ?els a price satisfactory,
oho cotton farmer must take what
ever price is c tiered. Ile is tho only
elass in the world offering a commodi
ty for sale who has absolutely nothing
to do with the Uxing of the price of
.bat commodity. In I8i>8 when there
was a surplus crop, one firm cpened a
new market in China and disposed of
$20,000,000 worth of manufactured
goods. Ho had been a membe r of the
committee to visit the president and
to appeal to congress. Ho had seen
the president Monday and had receiv
ed assurance that Mr. Roosevelt would
^ive the weight of ids office to pro
moting the Interests of the greatest
industry in the world. He declared
that tho representatives at Washing
ton wet far away from tiuir p opie
sometimes until the people spank them
aud teach them better manners. This
ocing taken as a philosophical and
.!0.'d natured acknowledgment of his
iwn political errors, was greeted with
laughter and applause. For the rea
son that the representatives get so far
away, he argued, they should be ad
monished by just such an organization
as this.
In concluding Mr. McLaurin spoke
.is f l .vh lu refeeence to tariff re
vlsii ? :
"Why should tbe wheat farmer use
free t'Aine to wrap lils protected
wheat, v.hile the cotton farmer uses
orotcr'ed bagging to wrap his free
c-ittcn?'1 He showed how the south
's discriminated against In thc tariff.
Kistern monopolists have schemed
cunningly to plum er the south. Nine
ty per cent, of th? Imports which are
admitted I > competition in ti is coun
try are competing with products of
the south.
' Let us dem::nd that lu the com
ing revision of tile, tariff our represen
tativas Sv.e that '.he south ^ets her
share of all that ls going, that we aro
recognized as an Integral part of this
union, ready to share its burden j and
if need be light its battles, but de
manding in return a full share of all
the benefits Of national life.
"Let us orgauiz? but keep our or
ganization cut of politics. Let the
watchword oe "measures not men."
I have no con fi deuce in help coming
from any political party now In exis
tence, until we are strong enough to
force it from any party that may hap
pen to he in power. A man never gets
justice, until he Is strong enough to
force lt with a 'big stick.'
"Tho great questions with which
wo are confrouted have no place in
the little cabals, factions an1 caucus
es of political parties, for there potty
jealousies and selQlsb ambition ever
outweigh the country's good.
"In conclusion, fellow citizens, I
give you this senti mont, God bloss
South Carolina; if she ls right I am
with her: if she ls wrong, 'bone of
my bone, flesh of my ll sh, G jd bless
her still 1 am with her.' "
CE?aTED A SENSATION.
\ New Volk Congressman [)*roB the.
HOIIRO to Expel film
Before a big vote was take i in the
house on the shipbuilding b ll Wed
nesday. Mr. Kakerof New Yoi k, creat
ed a sensation by offering tin follow
ing resolution.
"That while Ulis house vlovs with
horror the bellberate destruction of
human lite, at al' times and under all
circumstances, yet it dcelarei as rep
rehensible as was the murder of
Grand Duke Sergius lt was nit more
; wanton than the massacre perpetrat
ed by the Russian government on Jan
uary 22, when thousands of unarmed
men, women aud children wer,; butch
ered In cold blood; and that lt regards
'.he murder of thone helpless, unof
fending mon, women and children as
oue of the most dastardly crimes ever
perpetrated; that, in refusing to ex
press the. horror of the peoplo of this
country at that fearful b'me, while
assorting that both the American gov
ernment and the people view the kill
ing of Grand Duke Sern I in with ab
horrence, the president has not and
does not voice the real sentiment of
the people of the United States "
In an excited manner Mr Maker
asserted that he had bean told that if
he Introduced the resolution, a mo
tion would be made to expel him from
the house. Rushing down the aisle
and waving the resolution in hl.s
hand, he deposited it in abos pro
vided for such measures, and detied
any one to make a motion to expel
hun.
' Make it now!" he shouted. "Ex
pel! expel! expel! I tell you to In
troduce your motion to expel?!"
Previous to this Mr. Haker had pro
voked conslderabh distention by con
demning tho prt sklent's action in
sending a message of condolemo to
Emperor Nicholas.
WantH to Ot? JudigOa
A dispatch from Washington says
Representativo Li ver fi!od with the
president Wedin.sday tho application
of Col. John C. Il iskell to be ono of
the judges of railroad court to be
created when the railroad rate hill be
comes law, If lt ev.;r does. The appli
cation mentions tl at Col. Haskell isa
brother-ln- la * of -Wade Hampton and
personal friend of Hugh Thompson,
who was many years a friend of the
president._
Uoi ?1 tor Wo?'ord.
Tho election of Geo. E. Prince
makes livo of tho circuit Judges lu
?Si.uth Carolina graduates of Watford
college, and e ne of thc supremo court
judges ls also a graduate of that in
stitution.
A COTTON PICKE R.
A Sucoaaful Machino Brought to At
tention of Government.
The Apparatu* Was Te?toa Near
Montgomery, Alabama. Tho
TcBta I ully Described.
A d spatch 'rom Washington flays
reports reachlt g the department of ag
riculture indicate that a cotton pink
ing mnchlne which will really pick
cotton has been invented and has stood
a practical test. The pateut otllce is
tilled with designs of ootton picking
machines that have bsen tiled in the
past, hut no entirely satisfactory re
sults have ever been attained. Last
year an apparatus designed bv C. A.
Lowry, who invented tho round bale
ginning machine, was brought to the
attention of the bureau ot plant in
dustry of the department of agricul
ture, and the chief of that oi?lce, Pro
fessor Ii. T. Galloway, arranged to
bave the operations of tho device in
sptcted by J. F. Duggar, director ot
the Alabama e xperiment station, and
C. Il. Uilliiigsley, an agent of ?he de
partment. The tests were made near
Montgomery. Mr. HIDiogsley's report
luis roached Professor Callo way and
has been found to contain many points
of intere-L. lt is as follows:
"Hrletly stated, the machine con
sists of a frame on four wheels, two of
which are Hanged traotion or drive
wheels; a four horsepower gasoline
engine which drives tho Bup
porting wheels hy mean3 of spiocket
chain connections, tl u* carrying the
entire machine forward ata rat? which
ls under the coutrol of the operator.
The engine also drives tho mechanism
which carries tho picking bolts. The
essential part of the machine ls the
picking arms. There aro eight of
these-one for each hand of the four
operators, who r.de on thc machlue
for tho purpose of directing these pick
lng arms. Last, there is an engineer
to guide tlie machine and four men or
boys (preferably boys) to point th tips
of these picking arms at the open bull?
as the machine moves past the plant.
"Etch plcklrg arm may be likened
to small tin trough closed on the sides
an i bottom and open on the top. Thli
trough ls about 2 1-4 Inches wide auc
about thc same deep. In its botton
runs an endless belt of cloth and rub
ber 2 inches wide and thickly studilen
with metal tacks bent upward, some
thing like the cards used in making
bats ol wool and cotton. Tnesti tacks
do the picking, the contact of even n
few lil ers being sufllciout lo driw the
entlre contents of an open boll against
the be t; which carries the seed cotton
up 4 f t Into a receptacle. This bait
trave.t at the rate of 3f>0 feet pi r min
ute. rl he lower end of the trough ha
no SIO'?S or bottom, tl us exposing
about ? Inches of the under side of tin
studded belt, as well as its lo w jr en?
and uj:per s'.do. This permits tb^ pick
lng of a h?ll cither from above cr from
below or even makes possible th 3 pick
ing of jottou from the ground. I trice
the h andling of the arms and found
them BO light, movable and nicely bal
auc;id is to m ?ke the guiding cf that
an eas / task.
"With cotton stems as brittle as
those used in testing t' -machine, a
small proporti ?ri of boh *ak off und
both burrs h. sa --juill start up
the eu Hess nc lt. Most of fliese burrs
are knacked o f and thrown out by a
loose :;mall r ?lier and by a series of
wire pus in he sides of the ;rough
and al out hal an inch above thc out
er surface of I ie tacks or teeth of the
picking belt. An effective brush re
mo\es tba seat: cotton fr<m the endless
belt vt ry thoroughly. ,
"I c insider the prlnolples on which
the machine operates correct ano
practical. In a few features lt is in
an experimental stage. The cotton
grower will rljmand the following re
qui'-ements of a colton picker.
"1. Thoroughness of work; that is,
the picking of a large percentage of
the total seed cotton in the Held, leav
lng httie adhering to the plant or ou
the ground.
"2 A product in picked seed cot
ton, not excessively trashy or contain
ing much trash beyond the possibility
of removal of clearing machinery at
the gin.
':; Durability of const:uc'.lon, with
such simplicity and lightness as to
bring ita cost within reach without
much expense for interest on the In
vest ment.
"4. 10 :onomical operation; not re
quiring excessive labor or fuel, and no
great degree of technical skill on the
part of the chief aperator.
'';>. The capacity to pick truck more
coolon per day than could be picked
by Hehl hands equal in number to the
crew required for the machine.
The conditions under which the
test were made are described by Mr.
liillingsley as follows:
"Cotton plants: Entirely dead, near
ly al! of the leaves dropper/; picked
once before and now only about three
and ore half bulls to the plant. The
plants weie small, about 20 or 22 inch
cs high, in 4 foot rows, thick in the
drill, poorly thinned so there were
many plants together in many oases.
The variety was Peterkln, which has
very small bolls, and, in this case,
contained a large percentage of im
mature frosted bulls only partially
opc?t (1.
"Soll: Sandy or sandy loam, quite
dry, In which the machine moved
easily. In places crab grass ?va'? thick
ly entangled with tho open cotton, but
this condition did not prevent satis
factory work, although increasing the
trash.
"To test tho thoroughness of the
work, samples were taken of all the
seed c itton left unpicked or cn the
ground on u definite number of plants.
This was done whore the machi ie had
operated, and, for comparssou, whore
tho us\ al hand picking had been done.
1 f mm by comparlsan that abo it two
io twi and one-half as much -xjtton
.vas left hohliid by the machine as by
tho b md pickers. 1 estimate thc
aonuu - of trash as, perhaps, double
that 1 oft by a careful picker, but 1
hoard one man say that ho ha 1 had
hands to get as mu di trash sa the
machii e. I think this trash would
all be cm ved by the gin. It is too
early 11 Judge as to the wearing qual
ities ot thc machine. The weight of
the m iclalno, except for the engine
and wi cols, is slight.
"Tb> cent cf operation ls summed
up In the statement that fcui boys
can dc the picking and ono mau can
guide tho mac'due. I think the labor
could Va had a ? $2 per day, or, at the
most, S 2 50 pi day. The oost af tho
gasolina woulc bo Blight. I foun 1 that
thc ma iii! ne ir >ved almost exactly 3:t;i
ftU?t-p?" hqur, ncluding the Lime lost
in turningiant removing cotton fri m.
tho re'??ptieU': As it picks ono entire,
row ur der rh< machine and two half
rowa ( qualVo two entire rows alto
gether), in '/lils case 4 feet wida, too
area covered In one hour waa nearly
one-fifth of- an nc re. It ls possible for
the machine to be operoted faster
than it wis when I inspected it. D?r
ing the .est several counts showed
that eacir hoy was gathering more
than 100 bolls per minute, or about 1
pound of seed cotton for each boy per
minute, cf 60 pounds per hour, or 240
pounds ot seed cotton per hour for
the machine. This ls estimating that
it would require 100 bolls to mike a
pound, t ut there are many varieties
70 or 75 bolls uf which will give a
p -und." '
The dorjartreent of agriculture, of
course, h:<a nu interest in the matter,
beyond its general desire to do every
thing in Its power to aid the farmers
of the country. ..
t iv? Alun Ulalu.
At Pottsville, Pa., Saturday, five
men were killed and thirteen injured
lu an accident on N >. 2, slope of No.
I collery.'of tbs Lyttlo operation, by
x fall of top rock while a.gunboat load
ed with eighteen men on their way to
work was going down the shaft. Three
of thc killed were foreigners, while
the other two were Americans. The
hodics were not Urought to the bur
face uutll noon.
Tho dead:
Henry B. Moore.
Daniel Degan.
Sylvester Pollock.
Peter Mostofskye.
George lvutler.
Tv.oof the Injured were removed to
the Pottsville Lospltal and although
they are badly crushed about thc body
aud legs, UK ir lujuries are not thought
to be fatal. Toe others were cut and
bruised and suOVred from other mluor
Injuries:
The trip proceeding the one on
which the accident occurred the "gun
boat" knocked down some timbers on
the eist, track. The car containing
the men struck the disarranged props
and tore others from the top of the
shaft, causing a fall of rc v The
greater -part of the rock fellVv / the
forward ,eud of the car, crushing the
life out of the ti vo men seated there.
.Several rn;n lumped from tho "gun
boat" when they heard the timbers
giving away and escaped almost cer
tain death.
Michael Degan, who was but slight
ly injured, was found lyiug by the side
)f his brother, Daniel, who wa? killed.
He said that his brother did not die
f< r several minutes after the fall oc
curred and that he sp ;kc to him and
was answered, while both were weight
ed down with tons of r< ck.
THU WHKI't) ol SIM.
A terrible tragedy was enactei *
few days ago in the office of a magis
trate at Jacksonville, Fla. Here ls tho
awful ?tory as conveyed by an Asso
ciated Pr?ss di: patch: Mrs Joseph II.
Freeman lies mortally wounded, her
laughter, Miss May Drown, is read
iud City Detective W. Ii. Gaboon is
seriously wount ed as a result of a
?hooting affray n the court room of
?. L. E trris, justice of the peice,
Wednesday morning. Mrs. Freeman
had brought actio n against Oweu E
Loadholotz, ohar^irg him with ruin
.ug lier d.nighter. The parties of the
..ase had gone t' the court room pre
pared for trouble. According to wit
nesses of the tragedy, Mrs. Freemau
ittracted Loadhold'.z's attention by
calling h s name and fired at him.
His reply was prompt and deadly. He
fired five times and every shot took
elleot Mrs. Freeman was shot four
times In the breast and her daughter,
who had fired once, was shot In the
mouth and instantly killed. Detec
tive Cah( on, who was attempting to
disarm Liadholdtz, was shot in the
hack, evidently by one of the women.
Loadholotz was arrested and ls in jail.
Joseph Brown, brother of the girl who
was killed, arrived on the scene imme
diately aftar the. shooting and was
locked, m for a time by order of Jus
tice Farris bo prevent further trouble,
but was soon after released,
Kt-WKr<l For \ Kaooal.
Notwithstanding the fact that BC
many people have been victimized by
rascals pretending to he representing
periodicals for which they take sub
scriptions at ?iuite a reduced rate-but
always payable in advance-a sharper
got in his work here recently and se
cured the names of many subscribers
to The Saturday Evening Tost, pub
lished by tlic Curtis company of Phil
adelphia. This is a standard family
and fireside paper, and it requires lit
tle'fcoTlcitatu n to get subscriptions.
One of those victimized here wrote tc
the company, and Wednesday received
o l thq-'felhiwing answer: "The mac
who-.secured your subscription is ac
imposter, for whose arrest we have of
fertd a reward of ??25. He has no au
thority whatever to act for us, and
we are doing everything In our power
to secure his apprehension, if you eau
in anyway in tue future cooperate with
us in'securing his conviction wo will
be gi .id to turn over to you the reward
of >25.-The State._
A Stiirttilnjc Bridegroom.
A dispatch from Florence to The
State says last Thursday morning a
man named Dave Kallenbergcr came
there from R isemary, Georgetown
county, and registered with his wife
at Berry's hotel. Ballenberger bought
from Mrs. Bouoheit the next day 8-H
worth of clothing and gave in payment
a check on the Georgetown hank. Mrs.
Boucheit found out that Mr. Hallen
berger had no monry in the George
town hank, an i he was made Lo re
turn the goods, and Mr. Derry, hear
ing of this asked them to leave theil
boarding place. Ballenberger has not
been heard of since. His wife was left
there In the city at the mercy of those
who would help her. The city council's
attention being called to the matter,
gave her money to pay her way baok
to Georgetown, her home. The SOE
of the-missing man was there Thurs
day look og for him, but so far baa
heard nothing of him. llallenbeiger
ls said to ho a vi_ry go td man by those
who know him and has lived rear
Georgetown for a number of ye irs.
He had leen mirrled married tier?!
and was on his bridal trip when hi
came to Ifiorencs.
(?utting I'licasv.
A dispatch f om Charleston says
there is tame uneasiness among thc
numerous Republican officeholc cn
in Charleston and elsewhere in South
Carolina on account of the ,latest or
der of Pr?sident Roosevelt notifyln?
the officeholders that they can not re
tain their federal commissions if they
occupy political positions. Many of
ficeholder* are affected, chiefly State
Cbalrmao Deas, whom many mem
bers bf lilt party have boen trying tc
depose for some time. Collectors
Crura of Jharlcton, Small o? Beau
fort and ther < t?lclals are affected.
District ; tunney Capera' position a*
referee aid adviser to tho president
and members of >he national commit
tee co.nes in a different clasn and he
will notb? involved in thc operation
of the civ 1 sorvlce regulations whioh
are about to be applied lu South Car
olina.
I
\
TERM OF BIX i Y YI ABS
In Prison Major Carrington ol Geor
gia lor Stealing'
Major JTrank Do L. Cirri e.; ton, who
bas been given the remarkable sen
teneo of sixty years and tl ve days by a
court IA Mantle., isa native of Geor
gia, and was appointed to tho military
academy from Georgia on the 1st of
September, 1S74. He hts served
throughout his service as at t Ulcer in
the First infantry, with the exe. ption
of the period of thc Spanish war, when
he was lieutenant colonel of the 8th
California infantry.
He was assigned for duty in com
mand of the battalion ol' Filipino
Boouts at the St. L mis exposition.
After reaching St. Louis charges were
filed against him, and he was received
from duty there and < rdered baok to
the Philippines for trial. Major Cir
r lu g ton was entrusted with certain
funds to be expended in the collect i n
of certain positions of the Philippine
exhibit. While on a transrjort en route
to this country With bis scouts an
auditor discovered tbe alleged short
age. AH stated In tho disp itches,
Major Carrington made practically no
defense, his attorneys contenting
themselves with raising the question of
jurisdiction and other technical points,
and the result was lils con -Mellon on
five different counts, for each of which
ho ww sentenced to twelve years and
one. day.
The trial was not bv court martial,
but was under the civil law of the is
lands, which Is bulltoo the old Spanish
law. The heavy sentence is said by
officials of the insular bureau to be in
keeping wiih the policy of the island
courts to be particularly hard upon
Americans convicted of crime, for
moral effect upon the Filipinos. As
Major Carrington-is nov? 50 years old
the ^chances for his living cut a sen
tfijice of sixty years cannot be said to
be particularly good, even in the sal
ubrlous surroundings lu which Bilibld
prison ls situated.
ltotatio.i of Uropa.
Let not our farmers be dlshoarten
ed about the price of cottjn, says Mr.
Charles Petty in the Pr< g ress! ve farm
er. This was a great country before
any cott/>n was made. If cotton never
gets to 12 cents again, we have the
land, the cllma'.e and the facilities for
making lt a most prosperous and pro
gressive section of the union. The
first step in improving thc soil is a
wise rotation of cops. This ls ?he
season of the year to plan for that.
There can be no ratotion without
small grain. This fs not a clover sec
tion. Alfalfa may do well, but it will
not be planted generally. Our farm
ers will si lok to cotton, com, small
grain, peas, and in some s-wtions to
tobacco. We consider th's a wis ; ro
tation: Corn, with per s planted or
s iwn fl st year; small grains followed
with peas se wn broadcast or planted
thick and cultivated tho second year;
cotton the third year. That will bring
back bo corn again. Dm lng Lt's three
year period each lot of lanti s muid be
sub s -lied once or twice. I ? w.mld be
better to do i : every year. Such a ro
tation v? i I improve pt.or land and
keep up better land to a hi;,h s ate of
production. The farmers who have
Leen following this plau s-3' eral years
generally have something o s Ml the
year round, and If they are holding a
few bales of cot to. t, they a: e not shed
ding many tears
Boodle in Court.
At butler, Mo., whileC! aries Kel
ly, ex-member of the St. L ouis house
of delegates, was testifying Friday in
the trial of Charles Kratz, there was
a great stir at the door cf the court
room caused by the entrance of five
detectives and the local ext resit agent
with the package containing the $f>0,
OOO boodle fund. Ooe dote c'.lve car
ried a shotgun. The money was pro
duced while the lawyers and detec
tives crowded about. Tne notes were
taken out and counted before the Jury.
K'aU, thc defendant, suddeuly ba
came pale and it was necessary to as
sist him to Judge Dinton's privat:
room, lie lost consciousness T.'ie trial
was delayed for more than a bc If hour
before Kratz again entered thc room.
He trembled notlcebaly as oe walked
to his accustomed s^at.
ComuiKB Suicmh .
At Gcorget >wu ou Monday night of
last week a sailor, Arthur L. Hare by
name, a mere boy of 22 j ears, com
mltted suicide with o:tlo-ofo.*m on
board the schooner Edgar C. Ross in
Winyah bay. From appearances,
young Hare belongs bo people of
means and refinement. Ho was well
dressed and possessed an excellent
wardrobe. He was the pe', and life
of the crew. Loiters containing en
dearing terms in excellent composi
tion and handwriting v-ere found on
his person from his father la Toronto,
Canada, and his sweetheart, a Miss
Hertha Hayes of Chicago.
Kool Killer Needed.
In taking leave of Johns Hopkins
,to become* regius professor of medi
cine at Oxford, Dr. William Oder de
livered an address In whim he de
clared that men over 40 joors of age
are not worth much in the world and
that men over ?? are practically use
less and might as well be chloroform
ed. Dr. Oder may change his opin
ion when he readies bis three score
years.
Will Fight It Out,
Thc Czar his decid ?d that he wih
tight it out with Japan If lt takes all
summer and there is much logic in Iiis
contention that a withdrawal from
the war at this time, when Russia's
resources are far from heine exhaust
ed and the military sltuath a is by no
means hopeless, would give the ene
mies of tho government real ground
for complains of a betrayal of the
country's interest.
Mail?) to Order.
A French newspiper as crts that
the trade In "artificial" mommies in
Rgynt amounts every 3 eat to more
than ?200,00.). Most of tho np-to
"mummy factories" are in Italy, but
thorn are albc a great numb jr of them
In Germany, Franco and Er gland.
Family Shot.
Jno. T. Hunt, who conduits a res
taurant in Columbia, was shot and
prehaps fatally wounded on Yjesriay
night week by Charley Wall or. Some
time ago Walker was arr sled and
Hunt wont on his bond. V alker not
appearing for trial tho bone was for
feited and Hunt had to pa/ lt-and
this was the oHgin of tba trouble
No Mi Mn.
Gov. Hock, of Kansas, b's signed
the bill providing tor sepe ate high
schools for whites and black at Kan
sas City, Kansas. Tho w .lien de
manded scperato sohools, a a result
af the stabbing of a white p ipil by a
negro.
AFREi"QOt
FOR M EN
X Trill send free to a n y m un slmmy onn3 hid wrlttcu
requT? a copy of mr W-pago book on lott manhood, ?
nervous debility. Impotency, stricture, varlcocele,
eclan?emcjt ot tho prostate, blood poison, and re
flex diseases resulting from the above, such ns erup
tions ot the skin, rheumatism, urinary disorders,
pl lei, rectal diseases, etc It will tell In plain and
simple luccuRiro all that you want to know. XS M
entertaining oed Instructive and will cpea your eyes. It will show a slmplo
Way ot eure la your own home.-prlvatoly and without tho publicity and ex?
pcnsoofalocnldoctorordrurcl.it. I bavo been practicing this speciality for morn
tban a quarter of a century and bavo in roy vaults tho names of hundreds upon
hundreds of men whom I have cured of these diseases after thoy had written mo
for the book. In these 85 years I havo developed a system of cure that ls entirely,
bow and original and differs widely from the Old methods. With it I am enabled
to euro men lo halt the time. In a slmplo yet effective way. ? Write mo and I will show you tho
way to not back your vitality and strength, your mnnhood and ural th. no matter how old or
worn you aro. and no thoroughly that you will stay cured forever. If you will mention bow you
?re affected I will enclose besides tho&l irngu book a Self Examination Uiank on your disease so
that 1 can muUeaRtady of your ease and report to you freeof charge. I haveo!i,htothermedlca?
books that I will send tomen free on receipt or Dam? end uddruu. In a ijlaln unmarked eavolope?
Wrlto mc today sure. UR. J. NEWTON HATHAWAY.
88 Inman Building 22 1-2 South Broad street, At.rnta, Qa.
>*?*?<
THEGUINARD BRICK WORE S,
Manufacturers Brick, Fire Proof Terra Cotta Building Blocks, 'or
Flue linings and Drain Tile. Prepared to till orders for thousar.ds.
or millions.
i
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, e. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for prices.
KILFYRE! KILFYRE ! I KILFYRE I ! !
That ls exactly what it is, aFire Killer. L) J n > nor ttua o/ory
day at the State Fair showing Its lire lighting qualities.
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, baw Mill, Ginnery and any one owning
property should have them. For sale hy
COLUMBIA SUPPLY GO..
Columbia, S. G. The machinery Supply house of the State
WhisKc I Morphine I Clgaret I All iiruiand "obaoco
Habit, I Habit | Habit | Habit*.11.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of ?*. <C
1320 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential} correspond
enop solicited. \ j
Valu? ol' thc Millet*.
Wc agree with The State that it is
a great mistake to ch cry the useful
ne s of the militia. Tue natioual eon
s .itMtiuu tis if assuns . s that a well
regu ated mili iJL :,s "qece s try bo the
s>curity of a free S'ate." In South
Carolina it is peuu.iirly noctssuy.
Tuen- are sectloi s in tho. outlying por
tioi s f the Sta.e where the militia is
the sole power for lawful retraint. If
there is is)rderof any sort, it is to
the local militia company that the
Slate must look for preservation of
the lives and property of her cit zms.
Ia those sections without b'-'s securi
ty it has not been an unprecedented
event for the city soldiery to be called
to their assistance. Tneiav mhe.rs of
these organizations are no "tin sol- !
diers." They are, in large, serious and 1
patriotic men who are eking the duty
in those spa!s ly peopled localities for
which pclicemen are paid salaries in
the mote populous cent'-rs. Any legis
labor wis ling ti discredit the n i li Lia
man had tirst better make sure that
he is himself as t s ful and patri jtio a
cit zan.
Kill.i u Soldier.
Thomas Harris, 27 yearsoldof Kill
more, N. C., a corporal In the Thirty
first company, c.ast artillery, sta
tioned at F rt Caswell, N. C., died
Thursday as the result of a gunshot
wound perforating the stomach and
ind cted hy Sergeant Lee Kye of the
same command, on Mond ty night.
Kye had been asdgned to special duty
in running down the iilicit gale ot
l.'qu?r on tue government reservation
aud accosted Harris iu the dark, com
manding him to halt and consider
himself under arrest. Harris, it is
said, gave the sergeant an insolent
command in return and started to
run when the sergeant tired. The re
mains wore brought Thursday en
route to the young man's former
home. Kye is under arrest aud Maj.
li ;ade, in command of tho post, is
conducting un investigation of the
a ifalr.
Kool Inti (?irla.
A dispatch from Indianapolis, Indi
ana, sajs a hill was introduced In the
Legislature o' that Stats to prevent
whites from marrying persons having
more than one-ei^ht Filipino blood.
The bill grew out of a sfuttioa at
Bloomington, where Filipino students
are attending the State university and
are tl rting with white girls. Parents
of these girls are fearful of marriages
and have requested the passage of the
bin.
Killed His Doole.
Tuesday evening ab nit dark B. B.
Cliav s shut aud killed his uncle, Mor
gan Chavis, near thc John Smith
place, in Jefferson county Ga. There
were no eye witnesses to the shooting.;
lt ls thought that both of the men
were drinking to some extent. B. B.
Chavis claims he did the killing in
.self-defense. Both parties concerned .
moved from South Caroliua to this
county.
Don't lil ko rhom.
A man named Nick Britton, near
Alcolu, tired on an automobile con
taining Judge Benet;and Lawyer P.
A. Wilcox. He protested against auto
mobiles traveling tho road. E. A.
Jenkins of Sumter the driver of trie
machine, dismounted and argued and
bluffed Britton into allowing the auto
mobile and Iis party to pass without
further molestation. Britton will pro
bably be oroseoutod.
Killed Himself.
Col. Charles S. Arnal, ono of the
best known insurance men in the.
soutli and distinguished citizen of
Atlanta, committed suicide Thurs
duy at his residence by shooting. No
reason ls . nown for the act. Ile rep
resents a \Iartford, Conn., company.
The remaiitv; will be sent tu Staun
ton, Va. Caht. Arnal's former home,
for Interment.)
KOO|,>H i'll O Money.
The suit u/John R. Platt, the oc
togenarian millionaire, to recover
$(j*?,0O<) P.i'id by him at various times
to the ne?ress, Hannah- Ellas, has
been dismissed, thc New York court
holding ttf.at lt was paid voluntarily.
T. S. H0I^EYMAN,S^f6.,
THE SPECIALIST.
Cures all diseases of men. Los
manhood, sypu lis (blood pols JO),
gonorhoea, gteet, stricture, varioceele,
hydrooele and a l private diseases of
men. Catarrh In all form* cured
quickly. Piles cured without} opera
tion or detention from business.
Under guarantee Rooms 421 and
422 Leonard building, Augusta, Ga.
Write for home treatment. Office
hours: 0 a. m. to 1 p. m. Sunday's
I) a. m. to 2 p.m.
MUSIC.
? When you make up your
. mind that h jaie is not home
? without a Piano oran Organ.
* come here, or write us, and
a we will sell you the right ii
? sort of an instrument. .
B K?Hy term?, nm\ full v?lu?.
0 Address.
S rtlALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
5 COLUMBIA. S. C. '?
PIANOS AND ORGANS.
113
J
Flags tu be Kdurued
A dispatch from Washington to
The State says great interest 1 as been
manifested-among southerners hera
in the senate's action In ad ) >ttng a'if
resolution for the return of all the,
Confederate dags to the States to
which they belong.
Hore are tiie South Carolli a flags
to ha returned:
F.ag, number of regiment ur known,
by Tnirty-ninth New York, ai Antie
tam.
-Flag, number of regiment ur known,
by E ghty-seoond Pennsylvania, at
Malvern Hill.
Eleventh South Carolina, Inscribed
"Port Royal, Cedar Creek, Swift
Creek, Petersburg, June 24, Weldon
railroad."
Sixteenth South Carolina, by Oae
Hundredth and Fifty seventh Penn
sylvania, at Five Forks.
Twenty-seventh South Carolina by
Eighteenth Massachusetts.
E ghth South Carolina, captured by
Gen. Sheridan's forces.
S util Caiolina State flag, history
unknown.
Flag cf Sumter's Fiylng artillery,
by Custer cavalry at Appomatox.
Sumter Heavy a-tillery, by First
New York Lincoln Volunteer cavalry,
at Sailor's Creek.
No Mixing Karoo.
At Richmond, Ky., Berca college
was fined ?1,000 for violation of the
Day law, which prohibits the coeduoa
tion of the white and colored races.
Wm hi tue law is general in form, it
was aimed direc'. ly at Berea college,
Which has for fifty years conducted a j
school and college for the education of
all youth of go id moral character.
When the law WM passed the college
authorities ar. once declared their in
tention to abide by its provisions
paneling a decision as to its oostltu
il?muliy. lu order to raise the ques
tion a technical violation ot the act
was committed and on s-ich violation,
by consent, the eollege as a corpora
tion was indicated. The college de
murred to tho Indictment, and the
question of co istltuL onallty was
thus raised. Bric fs were field by both
std es, "Thursday Judge Benton over
ruletl the deniurrer and held the law
constitutional. The conviction and
fine followed, os a matter of course,
as the college ni:.dc no defense as to
the. foots.
A Uoqil lloBoliuton.
, H'sre- ls a Fort Bend count} farm
er's resolution fer this year; "I have
tried to make a barrel of raomiy eacli
year and let some other fellow furnish
my living. 1 started with a bank ac
count on the credit side and now 1
have an account on the debit ?ide.
Therefore be lt resolved, that I will
maki my own bread and meit thti
year, furnish myself, and let tho har
rell o?-monely go to thunder." Ic would
pSay our farmers generally tc a?op,;
the above resclutlcn.

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