Of a Very Astonishing Cold Blood'
ed Tragedy in Richmond.
HOW A SICKLY BOY,
Only Six Years of Age, Was Tortured
?od Finally Beaten to Death by
His Mother, Who Herself Had
Been Tenderly Reared
At Blohmond, Va., for beating to
death nor slokly little boy, a child
barely six years old, a mother who
had been tenderly reared in a luxuri
ous home, and who comes of one of
the beat families of Virginia and Now
York, has boen condemned to spoud
Uve years in tho penitentiary. When
tho verdict was rendered the Public
Prosecutor fainted and fell to the
lloor; he bad striven for and expected
the death penalty.
Beside the accused woman during
tho progress of tho trial sat a man
who has more than a national reputa
tion for wise, self denying aud affoo
tlonato oare of unfortunate children
-Dr. Wisner B. Townsend, of the
OrthopediO Hospital lu New York
He ls tho brothor of tho woman who
beat her own unfortunate ohild to
death, Mrs. E .telle Townsend Smith.
She appeared In court a physical wreck
and doubtless the groat surgeon whose
whole professional earoer had marked
a disposition so completely thc reverse
of that manifested hy his sister, at
tributed her cruel acts to a phi steal
breakdown that had affected her
Not so the witnesses for the pro
secution, however-those motherly
neighbors who had heard the child's
screams, who had seen him pushed
into Icc cold water in February, seen
his naked dead body lying on the
iloor of his mother's house covered
The facts brought out in the trial
made up a tale of a mother's cruelty
to an ailing child that is almost in
credible. This mother, always veiled
except when obliged to bare her face
for identi?oation, ll d cued for the
most part with stoical immobility.
The Coroner, an artist of no mean
ability, illustrated the wounds and
bruises upon thc dead child's body by
means ol: startlingly lifelike, life-sized
colored portraits, lt was a ghastly
and pathetic exhibit that caused
murmurs of horror all through the
court room-but the mother never
stirred nor even bowed her head.
GHASTLY AND PATHETIC EXHIBITS,
lier Ufo since thc birth of the boy
had been in surroundings very differ
ent from those of her girlhood. She
had run away from her home in New
York to marry a peor man, and he had
steadily grown less prosperous. As
indicated by the. defence, she had bc
como morbid over an aliment of her
little son, which he constantly aggra
vated by his own aots, and on account
of which the mothers of other chil
dren would not allow them toassoolate
.,~ - jas? acts of the child
??=s- i-in-.;.4-- to correct by pun
DEATH OF H. D. brough the offices
, delan-and im
A Well Known Citizen1*11* 8,10 beafc
boro Dies in Mi.ssissii.was dlscov
Tlio sail news was received hei1* ir.um
Friday night hy T, M. Webster KW'/it
death ol' his brother, Mr. Henry nod In
Wehster, who died at hi? hom?? - in mur;
Brax on, Mias , on VrUi\j ? l)0sl
scene of the
**0f| Wcbp-?2i' was t'le-agcd woman, a near
neig't?J family.d of her visit to the
Smith ?x?k>??e on the evening of the
day of tho boy's death.
"I was upslairs undressing ono of
my grand children when I heard thal
some ono was dying at the Smith
"Mrs. Crostick and 1 went to the
house and ko< eked at the door. Mrs.
Smith opened it and we walked lu,
She said nothing tous, hut turned
and went to thc body of the ohild,
which was lying near the sofa, covered
with a quilt Up to its neck. She pick
ed lt up und threw lt on thc sofa as if
lt were a dog, She wanted to know
if is was dead. Tho body was still
warm. Mrs. Crostick told her it was
dead, after we had felt the heart.
There wero three bruises over tho
little heart and bruises all over tho
little bowels. The back was brown
from beatings. There was a cir, over
the oyo and tho back of the head was
bleeding from another. One of Its
little lingers looked as If lt l ad been
cracked with something. Tho mother
didn't show any sympathy. Poor
little, fellow 1"
Til KEW THE DEAD CHILD ON A SOFA.
"Did Mrs. Smith say anything
about, the chi 1 having been sick'.-' '
"She said lt had bei ;i sick for two
or three days, and nothing would stay
on its stomach."
"Did she offer that information of
i "Mrs. Crostick lir.st asked her If lt
had deon sick, and when she said that
it had been, Mrs. Crostick replied
that she knew nothing about it Or
would bave tried to have done some
thing for the chill."
"Was there anything said about
whipping tho child V"
"Yes; Mrs. Crostick asked her what
tho bruises were lolng on the body,
and Mrs. .Smith replied that she had
whipped lt that night, and had a
right to whip her own child because
it had boen disobodlent. She said
that, she had undressed it for bed and
had then whipped lt."
"Did Mrs. Crostick ask Mrs. Smith
if she knew that the child was sick
when she whipped lt that night?"
"Of course she know."
"Was there anything said about tho
child hoing whipped thc mornlrg of
"Yes; Mrs. Crostick asked her If
tho child had been whippod that
morning and she said no, that she had
whippod lt, that night. Mrs. Crostick
then asked what was all the disturb
ance about, in i/ne house that morning
and Mrs. Smith replied that thore had
been no disturbance."
"Did she say what she whippod tho
"Yes; a razor strop.1'
"Was there any razor i trop near
"Did you seo any strop that night V"
"No; but she got lt for tho ofllcor
when She went Into the back room. I
did not see it all "
"Tho officer asked for lt."
Brax on, M?HS, on l<V?'ay
after a protraote|PNne8S?e >
fever, aged nb?"T!. l?yrneS) a
"Wore there any other neighbors
thore that nightV"
"Yes, but she shut tho door In tteir
faces. She didn't want thom in the
house and I guess sho didu't want us
"Did Mrs. Smith say anything
about not wanting the neighbors to
ace tho body?"
"She didn't want them to see it,
and kept saying, 'Oovor it up.' "
"When was thatV
"Aftor the coroner had geno to get
"What was the reason she gave for
beating the ohlld?"
"Beoauso it was disobsdient."
"Did sho say why tho child was
"She said it had boon undressed for
bed and bad been whipped."
"You say sho showed no sympa
"She did not, she didn't seom at all
sory to me."
Mrs. Turner, who readily admitted
ber friendship for Mrs. Smith and tho
Intimacy which existed between the
two families, gave very damaging
"Did vou ever see Mrs. Smith hit
little Ralph with a mallet?"
"Yes, wbon she was teaching him
and he could not remember. "
"How hard did she lilt him?"
"With all her strength."
INTO A TU!? OK KUKK/.ING WATJSR.
"Did you over know her to tlo the
"Yes, she tied him and throw him
on a sofa and went to Klohmond for
two or three hours."
"Did you ever see any burns [on
"Ye", on his hand."
"Did you see Mrs. Smith treat him
badly during thc winter?"
"Yes, I saw ber throw him into a
tub of water In l^obruary.
"I was on my back porch and I saw
her come out and push him head tlrst
Into a tub of water. Tt was very cold
and he was in his little night shirt.
Ile was all trembling. Ile rubbed out
of his back door as though somo one
was behind him. Ho waa 'snifnag' as
though he wanted to cry and was
"Weat kind of a tub was it?"
"A large y.ino tub--under a spout 1
to cat eh rabi wator."
"Were you called on the night of
Ralph's deaU ? '
'Yeo? she called mc twice. She }
asked mc to coiue. 1 asked nor what
was the matter. She said Ralph was
dead. 1 said I was too nervous, but 1
would get word to Hie neighbors and
sond some ono to her. My husband
was ill and 1 could not le?>.v? him."
"Have you seen ber whip ??i./J moro
than ouce with a razjr strop in your
"Yes; a lot of tlme3."
"How many times have you seen
her whip him with a stick?"
"Lots of times "
"nave you ever seen her use this
(A long, round stick )
"Did you ever see her strlko him
with the square stick?'1
Coroner Broadnax testified that the
child.had died of traumatic shoe,
thc result of the last severe bealing lt
had received while weakened by illness
As the witnesses gave their testimony
Dr. Broadnax's colorod portraits of
the child's naked body, showing every
cut and bruise, v/oro bofore their eyes
and those of tho jury. What made
this exhibit all the moro ghastly was
that the doctor artistli&d Riven a life
like representatlonrrfjf the dead face
ind the curjspf*n.ixen hair.
V?T.. ,11-K? (, I'll.TY.
sit in tho presence of thrss exhi
bits tclli; g of her daughter's inhuman
cruelty waa a fearful ordeal for Mrs.
Townsend, the prisoner's aged moth
er, who, with her son, Dr. Townsend,
sut near and gave what comfort they
could to tho unfortunate woman.
Once mother and daughter fell to
weeping In each others arms, but the
uidleiica gained the Impression that
thc daughter's grief was moro on her
mother's account than on that of her
When, linally, thc case was given
,o thc jury, both the public prosecutor
md tho chief attorney for tho defence
vere hysterical from nervous strain.
The prisoner looked as though in dan
jer of ge ing to pieces sudienly. She
'.ad not boen called upon to testify.
IMie defence relied upon the testimony
if witness who declared that Mrs.
Smith had been rendored fmiltie by
1er failures to correct her child's dis
b 'thence, and that she was, moreover,
tllited with an ailment which ron
ers women irresponsible for their ac
The jury was out only a short time.
Phis is the verdict they returned:
"We, the jury, Hod the prisoner
ulltv of voluntary manslaughter and
Ix her term of Imprisonment at live
ears in tho penitentiary."
At these words the prisoner collap
od and fell to the ll Dor. The public
rosccutor fainted at the samo mo
lent. Tho court room was in groat
iaordor, but a strange and affecting
peotaole restored silence. Dr. Town
?tid. having applied restoratives to
ls sister, Immediately gave his at
mil m to tho stricken publlo proso
isor-tho man who had done his ut
tost to send a member of his family
) the gallows.
Dr. Townsend's manly attitude
iroughout the trial exalted him in
ie minds of every one in attendance.
There ls yet to follow the trial of
ie dead child's father, but in the
linds of those familiar with the ovl
nico the solo responsibility for the
uol slaughter of this sickly boy of
x years rests upon the mother, who
jrsolf enjoyed thc happiest of child
Kxoureion Hoat itiot,
A dispatch from Norfolk. Va . Ravi
te man ls dead and four are seriously
jured as thc result of a riot on the
oamer Endeavorer whllo tho boat
ns carrying a negro excursion down
io Nanscmond river Tuesday night,
arenco Wright threw a toy snake oti
mio'i II. Kitchen and the latter, ho
ming incensed, shot Wright. Wm.
right, the dead man's brother, took
hand with a knife and severely cut
Itching, being shot In return. Other
?groes received knlfo and bullet
)UUds, Capt. Mc Homey arrested
lt chen and was having a difficult
nc preventing the excursionists from
nchlng the prisoner until the negro
ow lined up on bis aldo.
Three, boys wore killod and a num
r of others wore sevorely In lured by
o collapse of a two story cottage at
llrty-second and Fox street, Chica
, 111. Tho building was being torn
wn and the boys were gathering
lod for use at their homes when tho
ish came. James White, a pi
eman, was badly bruised whllo ros
ing boys, pinioned under tho dobrls.
CAUSES CREAT LOSS.
Worm?, Bogt and Flies Destroy Seven
Hundred Million Bollars
Worth o? l'roiluotw ol' Dureront kinds
on tho Furnia ol tho United
ataies KR o h Von*.
According to a careful estimate
made In the year book Just publlshod
by the department of agriculture, a
loss of $700,000,000 ls cooaslonod to
Amorloan farmers every year by in
Beets. Tho losses on all tho plant pro
ducts of tho soil, both )u their grow
ing and in their stored states, exceed
the entire expenditure of the national
government, inoluding the pension roll
and the maintenance of the army and
navy. Enormous as is the total valuo
of tho farm products in this country,
it would bo very muoh greater were lt
not for tho devastating work of the in
jurions iuseots. Tho lessening or pre
vention of this loss ls tho problem tho
entomologists of tho agricultural de
partment aro attempting to solve.
A considerable Item of loss properly
chargeable to insects is tho annual ex
dendltuio devoted to their control.
This amounts to a considerable per
centage of thc value of tho orop in
tho case of orohard fruits, truck orop,
and such Held crops as cotton and to
bacco. In tho oatie of cereals, protec
tion ls obie l'y secured by farm prac
tices, such as rotation of orops, vari
ations in tue timo of planting, eto. It
Is shown that $8,000,000 ls expended
for spraying r.pplo trees, allowing a j
cost of only live cents por tree.
Tbo estimate then goes on to speak
of tho aotual damage to the orops
cvory year. T?e annual farm valuo of
thc corn crop has exceeded $1,000,000,- j
000, but tho amount would be consid
erably greater wore it not for insoot
pe its. Thc work of sever? of those is
obscure and many farmers are entire
ly ignorant o? the oxisterce even of
some of thc worst enemies of this
crop. Arnot g the latter is the corn
root worm, which foods on tho roots
of young corn and causes an annual
damage of $20.000,000. Tho next most
Important insect pest of this cereal ls
the boll or ear worm, willoh attacks
from 90 to 100 per cent, of the ears of
sweet corn throughout tho country,
and in thn. South practically an equal
percentage of the oars of Ueld corn, as
Shown by actual counts in the ile ld.
Thc coru orop of 1004 was damaged
by it at least $20,000 000. Tho de
predations of the chinch hug are also
Important, though its iojury is moro
marked where corn is grown In the
neighborhood of wheat for In suoh
cases the migration of the btu from
wheat to corn may result in the total
destruction of considerable areas of
oom. Tho loss from the chlnoh bug
will in a year foot up to $20,000,000
moro. With minor insects tho total
loss to the corn crop every year is $80,
Wheat Buffers most from insect de
predations. The Hessian Hy, thc
ohlnoh bug, and the gra'n plant louse
work an annual havoc amounting to 5
per cent, of the crop. The Hessian
Hy isdlstinotly a wheat pest, indicting
a damage in Indiana and Illinois alone
last year of $21.000,000. Twenty per
cent, of the planted area of Mlohigau
was abandoned on account of it, and
tho lo>s lu the United States during
a si i nz h; season has been estimated at
$100,000.000. Last year the loss was
8-10,000.000. From all pests, the wheat
crop suitors au annual damage of
The principal insect depredations
an cotton ave the cotton boil weevil,
bbc boll worm and the Joaf worm. To
gether they cost the planters of thc
South $10,000,000 every year. The or
shard and small fruits suffer heavily
ti om insect pests, there being sever
il hundred which food on the apple,
for instance. The Important pests are
tho woolly aphis, injuring tho roots,
thc truck and limb borers, the leae
worms, canker worms and tent cater
pillars and the various pesta, including
?he San Jose scale. Injuring the fruit
vre thc codling moth, the curoullo and
jhe apple maggot. Hy all of them the
productiveness of the fruit crop ls less
med 1 " per cent, a year. The total
oss to apples alone reaches an aver
ige of ;15 per cont, every year.
Tho loss to thu farm forests ls
arge. The leaf dofiliators, the black
ocusts and other Insects, Inflict a
lamage of $10,000,000. Another $100,
100,000 ia lost through Insects histor
d produots. Domesbio or household
nseot pests do much damage, such as
nos quit?os, liles, moths, roaches and
,nts. The wnlto ant in Washington
.lone causes losses of thousands of
lollars yearly, and ls muoh more do
truotlve In southern districts. The
otal loss from these household peats
very yoar amounts to $f>0,OCO,000.
md then there ls thc loss to ooinmu
dtles by diseases Inflicted by Insects,
uch aa malaria and yellow fever,
ausod by mosquitoes typhoid fever,
auscd by house flies, according to
)r. Howard, and Texas fever. It ls
onsldored that thc total of $700,000,
00 lOSS ls a low e- Hm-'.t.
CHINtbi? DOCTOR STKANOLED
V lt li IIIK Own QuottO While Making
?Callina Lodging liomin.
Strangled to death by his own queue,
ie body of Lin Moon Chuck, a Chi
ese doctor, who has been living at
J l Du pon street for tho past year,
as found lying In the entrance to
io kitchen of a Chinese lodging house
b No. 814 Washington street, San
It ls supposed that he was decoyed
) that q-tarter on a iictitious call to
ttend an ill person, and then robbed,
e was known to oarry money as well
? two gold hraoelets, a gold watch
id a diamond ring. All of his Jew
ry was missing; only a fan, a bunch
' keys and iivo cants were found up
l his person. No clew has yet been
und that will lead to tho discovery
Two weeks ago noiics were posted
tho home at 1)04 Dupont street
here the doctor lived, notifying the
isbands and wives to look out for
IO doctor, as he was known to bc a
ady killer," which ls considered a
ost serious crime among thc Chinese,
>d that a yoar ago ho was run out of
irtland, ();e., by tho Chinese there.
Ho was found lying face downward
id with his feet In tho entrence with
0 foot propped against tho casing,
dloatlng that his body had been
rrlcd or dragged to thc entrance and
en thrown Into thc llttlo room cire
iiiiy. Wound tightly around his
ck was his queue and tied In a hard
lot. lt had sunk deep Into the
ck, and death Is supposed to have
en caused only by strangling, as his
dy gave evidence of no other means.
io queue had not been severod from
e head._ ^
Advices received at St. Petersburg
/ that antisemitic riots have occur
1 in tho Bessarabia district. Night
wu'and two Christians arc reported
DISPENSARY AND CHURCH.
Senator Lmtltnor Protest? Against the
Two Being Mixed.
Tho Andorra Mall says tho dispen
sary issue caused quited a lively opl*
sode lu tho Greenville District Con
ference of the Methodist Church at
Helton on Thursday afternoon.
Wi din tho preachers were making
their report a member of the com
mittee on temperance would ask each
preacher how his church stood on tho
dispensary question. The dispensary
I was rapped good and hard, until Hov.
Mr. Henry of Pendleton stated that
his members were divided on the ques
tion. Ono of tho members of tho coun
ty board of control ls a member of Mr.
Florry's ohuroh, Mr. Ilenry was asked
to what extent tho division of senti
ment prevailed, and he out tho thing
oil short as ho could and sat down.
Next carno Rev. Mr. Blaokraan of
Piedmont. Ho knocked the dispensary
vigorously. Ho said that but two mem
bers of his ohuroh woro In favor of
the dispensary, but that they woro
going to move away. Ile was asked If
he was nob glad of lt and did not say
Senator Lat 1 mer, who was present,
althought not a member of tho confer
once, roso and asked tho privil?ge of
tho door. Ho said he oould not sit still
and seo himself: and others ruled out
of tho Methodist church simply b9
oauso of a political Issue. He said he
had preaohed and practiced tempor
?neo all his Ufo, but he thought tho
discussion then going on was entirely
out of place In a chu roh conferezco.
He said ho would wipe the whole whis
key business out of tho Stato If he had
tho power, and be was nor. taking the
stump for tho dispensary, hut he
thought lt the placo of ministers of
tho gospel to preach the gospel and
not drag political matters Into the
ohurch. Ho said he had never voted
for the sale of liquor, but he did not
proposo to sec, without protesting,
people ruled out of the church because
thoy were exorcising their own judg
ment In a p dittoal matter, and that
tho whole dispensary question was oat
of place In the district conference.
Rev. Mr. Harmon of Greer then got
a turu at lt and lambasted the dispen
sary some and attacked Senator Lati
mers position. Mr. Latiner ro^c to
defend himself, and Mr. Harmon Haid
ho must have been hit or ho would
not protest so quickly. Mr. Harmon
j went on to say that ho would prefer a
I blind tiger to a two-eyed tiger in the
I shape of tho dispensary.
Mr. Lat? mer retorted that If Mr.
Hormon preferred lawlessness to obed
ience to law he could not argue the
question with him. ThlS'Olosed the In
cident of the day, but it was theoblef
toplo of conversation outside after the
Friday morning, itev. Mr. Creech,
in his report, antlo!pated the question
that he thought would ho asked and
stated that thc member of his church
es were divided on the subjeot. Homo
one eh>e remarked on tho sui j ?ot, and
thou some ene else remarked on the
question; whereupon Bishop Duncan
asked: "Who dragged this dispensary
question into the conference, anyhow?'
Tho preachers took oho hint and the
dispensary was not mentor d again
during tho conferer.. ina*'. *
Senator Lat! mer said auerward that
he wanted ills positions understood in
the matter. The question, he said, ls
before tho people for them to voto up
on as they conscientiously believe best.
There ls more or less politics lu the
preseut movement, aud many good so
ber men are suspicious of it, and a
church conference was not tho place
for lt to ba discussed, he said, lie
stated that he was taking uo part In
tho matter, except so far as his duty
as a private cit!/.>n went and he was
taking no activo part either for or
against the dispensary hi the present
discussion before tho people. He was
merely protesting against its being
brought into tho church conference.
.Hard on John IMokort.
Several years ago John Pickett, a
messenger boy of the Western Union
Telegraph Comyany, was run over hy
a passenger train at St. Matthew's and
lost his arm. Tue suit that followed
attracted a great deal of looal Inter
est. In tho tlrst suit John Pickett
obtained a vordlct for $8,800 against
tho Southern Hallway. An appeal was
taken and tho Supreme Court, sent the
case back for a new trial, the chief
ground for the reversal of the verdict
being that tho verdict lndloated that
punitive damages had been Included.
A second trial was held. Messrs. Mel
lon and Heiser and Nelson & Nelson
represented young Piokott, and for
mer Judge Hen et was chief counsel
for the Southern Railway. A verdict
for $10,000 was thc result of tho sec
ond trial, and young Pickett and his
iounsel woro happy. Jndgo Rennt
then made a motion for a new trial,
md gave eight reasons to Judge Bro?
>st Cary why a new trail should be
?ranted. Saturday morning Judge
i(iry set aside the verdict and gave
,he following In writing as his rea
ions: ' This ?s a motion for a now
.rial upon the minutes of tho Court
md the grounds upon willoh lt wa'*
leard aro hereto appended. I have
?Ivon the subject no little thought,
nd my conclusion ls that samo should
>o granted on the sooond ground, viz:
ieoau&e the preponderance of the
estlmony shows that tho plaintiff's
wu negligence contributed to his In?
ury as a proximate cans'! thereof. A
icw trial ls therefore ordered."
Tho Unloaded (Jun.
A special to the Augusta Chronicle
rom Logans ville, (la., says taking an
ld and long unused gun and playful
y pointing li at his baby brothor,
furner Sword blew the littlo fellow's
ead otT Tuesday morning. Sword
'.aced HO^O shells In tho trun and
?rgot to take them out. In a spirit
f mischief thc older boy, who was
mt ten years of ai;e, took aim at his
x months old brother and pulled tho
rigger. Both parents wore out of
ie house and on their return found
io little fellow literally shot to
locos and his brother, who had cans
1 the dood, frantic with ?rief.
Most men like women In quite plain
m plc clothes. 1 suppose, on the
bolo, says a writer in tho London
orld, more coi q tests bavo boon
lade by girls In simple white frocks
ian have even been mado by those
i olaboraate confections; and a
ir don hat well managed, however old
may bc, or better still,thesunbonnot
hleh ls said to bo coming back to
ivor, can bc mado a mast dangerous
liynoncd "ny <* Mob.
Will Harris, a negro, was takon
om a train near Hlaok bayou, Miss.,
id lynched for killing a wultc man
lout two weeks ago.
TCSATBSS, ?X?D euora.
Ootton Hi ti Mudo llaptd Growth
Gonor*l Iuiprovomont lu Corn.
Foliowiog in the weather-orop re
port for the past week as compiled by
Section Director Dauer:
The week ending Monday, July
24th, had a mean temperature about
2 degrees per day abovo normal. Tho
extremes were a maximum of 100 de
grees afc lllrokvllle and Florence on
the 20th, and a minimum of 07 de
grees at Obarleston on the 10th and
at Greenville on the 20th. lt waa
somowhat cooler afc the olose of tho
CIOBO of the week. Tho sunshine wat?
was normal, or slightly above, and
was highly beneficial. There were a
few looal high winds, but no serious
damago was ?lone.
Thero was practically no rain ovor
the eastern half of the state; in thc
central counties there wore numerous
lcoal showers, some of which were
heavy, there were also scattered,
light showers over the western coun
ties. What rain foll was highly bene
tidal, as it occurred in localities that
needed it. Over the greater portion
of the central and southern counties
the ground has bec imo vory dry and
rain is needed. Where the rainfall
was heavy last week, srops did exoop
tionally well, but where it was light
fast week and none foll this week,
crops Buffered and generally doterl
orated, cotton by wilting under thc
high temperature, and ruiting, turn
ing yellow and shedding; com by fir
lng and wilting. Cultivation made
fair progress and over a large portion
of the state crops have been laid by
although this work will not be com
pleted for several wcoks.
Cotton continued to mike rapid
growth generally aud has too largo a
weed and too little fruit over the
greater portion, while a number of re
ports indicate that growth has stop
ped, and that tho plants aro blooming
to the top. Thero are fower repon s
of damage from lusects, and moro of
rust and nheddlng and of plants turn
ing yellow. Cotton ls beginning to
open In lower Barnwell county.
There Is a general improvement in
both old and late corn, although tho
formor Is too nearly ripe to be greatly
benefited by the recent rains. Fod
der pullirg has begun. Some old corn
'fired" to tho ears. Bottom lands
that were flooded are recovering slow
ly. Tho heat and infects have Injured
growing tobtcic; selectlug and curing
arcaotive. Peas for forage are prom
ising. Rico ls beginning to head in
the Colleton district; June rico being
cultivated in Mic Goorgetown district.
PASturos out lent. Peaches are fair
ly plentiful, out mauy are rotting or?
the trees. LeConfce pears arc ripen
lng. Sweet putatoos aud onie are
HOMANCfl IN WOMAN'S LIFE.
Ki fasing WcaKli, A OountOBB Vial
with * Peasant Gardener.
In the funeral of Anotonia Allano,
an Italian woman who died In Denver
recently, was enactect tho last ohapter
of a romance as remarkable as it was
startling. Thc woman, it came out
itt the funeral, was a countess of the
old Borgia Une, which has given Italy
popes and princes. She deserted her
palace, married her gardener, who
had fallen in love with her, and Hod
to America to live in peace and pover
ty with thc peasant for love's t?ako.
Her elopement came as tho remit of
an ci?ort of her family to mirry lici
to a rich merchant
Anotonia Borgia was born in Nap
les and educated iu a Neapolitan con
vent. Her family had long lost the
wealth for which lt was famous in
mediaeval Hires. Poverty had forced
them to abandon their anosstral
nome In Naples and move to a bmall
town on tho outskirts, but they never
forgot their noble blood and refused
to associate with tho peasants about
them. When Anotonia was sixteen
i well-to-do merohant in Naples made
in offor for her hand and was at once
tccoptod by her family. Anotonia
liad uo voice in thc matter.
She, however, had already plighted
tier troth to Pietro Albina, a po.i
gardener, who lived near them.
Pietro was an industrious yt ung man
md bad saved some money, and when
ihe day of lils pretty sweetheart's
wedding with thc merchant was lin
ninont tho two skipped away to Nap
es one evening and took passage for
\ meriel. From New York they
:amo to Denver, where Allano had
nany friends. Ile has amassed
tomethlnjr of & fortune from a hirge
nnrket garden on Clear creek, tie
esldes at No. 3638 Bell street. His
?vifo. was llfty years old.
WILL 1NTJ?RBST MAW ?.
rho AffAlrH of tho Independent Cot
ton OH Mill Company.
In tl.. United States district Court
Lt Oharieston on Tuesday of last week
vas Hied the sohedule of assets and
labilities of the Independent Cotton
)11 Company, of Darlington. The
.Jews and Courier says the schedule ls
, very voluminous document, consist
ng of more than a hundred closely
At the olO?O of the schodule is a
ummary of tho assets and liabilities,
Vages, etc.$ l,77r> 08
ecu red claims. 1)7 500 00
luseoured claims.094 633 25
A ss icm
Loal estate.8621,186 10
ash on hand. 337 tit
nils and nates. 787 03
tock in trade. 10 270 06
urnlture and lixtures... 1,711 35
,lvcstick. 1,025 00
?blele?. 206 oo
ui?outil jiiup??ty. 17,553 80
?ObtS duo on opon acct.. 00,003 Ul
tock in other corprations 4,050 00
noarned lire insurance
romiums. 5,330 ti!)
epositsin banks. 27 100 98
Tho (Jaroll na Savings Bank, under
io head of scoured claims, holds notos
> the amount of about $50,000.
hero ls also a note with thc People's
atlonal Bank, of Charleston, for
>,00d| ono with tho Bank of Charlen
m for $150,000, A number of notes,
rgregfttlng about $07,000, are ontor
I, the holders of which are unknown.
Th ecreditors of the company will
oct at Darlington and elcot a trus
e In bankruptcy, and lt ls probable
lat moro transactions of tho compa
r will he brought to light.
Former State Senator William 10.
Ink and his wife were fatally burri?
I Thursday by a natural gas c/.plos
rt In their homo at Sommorsot,
In a Cave Boveala Crimes of the
lona; i go.
Tho mysterious disappearance of
John Buring toa, a Oinolnnatt aruiy
boef contractor, reported mlsslDg for
forty-flvo years, recently oamo to light
lu tearing down a two-story log hotel,
a resting piuco for travolers betweon
Cldcago and Lafayette, whloh was
built by John Steole in 1854, on the
bank of tho Kankakee Uiver, at Grape
Island Ford, Indiana.
John Harington departed from No
menee, 111., on the morning of Ojtc
ber 10, 1801, rldirg horseback over
laud Into Indiana, carrying $10,000 In
gold to purchase beeves for the Federal
army. Ho arrived that night at the
homo of John Steele. From thal
night ho was never again s;en. Teu
dava lat* r his horse was found wander
lng on the prairies, with saddle, bridle
aud empty taddle bags. Tho general
opinion was that Harington had been
followed by Cincinnati thLves, who
murd red him and scoreted his body
In tao swamps.
Steele's wife and daughter dlsap
pcarcd In May, 1802, and he circulated
a report that they were dlssatls.il vd
with their homo at Grape Island and
had returned to Yorkshire, England.
In January of the Rame vear a traveler
who stayed at Steele's homo was neve'
airain seen, and settlers In thatseotlo
became suspicious of Steele's ac Mons
fro a tho remark of Harley Jo' n on.
a hunter and trapper, who staten that
on thc night John Harington arrive1"
at Stele's home he was pavslng by ai
midnight and saw two men coming
down tho out odo stairway carry loy
bi tween them p. heavy bundle.
Ho a s.i heard moans, hut supposer;
they ci'me from a deer probably killer
by these men. A vigilance, commit
tee went to Steele's home and demand
ed admission. They wcro refused
Thoy battered down the door, pl?c;r?
a rope around Stcole's neok aud
threatened to hiing him if he did not
reveal what he knew of tho disappear
a vee ? f Harington and of his wife and
daugh ti r. Undaunted, Steele told the
commiM* c to proceed with their
hangi i ?r A vigorous search was In
stitutad by tho mob around thc prem
1 en, but uothlng incriminating was
N xt day Steele disappeared. Later
on bis 1 ?diana property was sold un
do- mortgage foieslosure. Thlrti
years r.t r Steele lt ft Indiana he ched
In Carson City, NJV. His Indiana
bouse remained untenanted. He
lated fa-m ?rs s ! Irl it was haunted
One week ago the house was torn
down, and In r< moving the stone ceilai
wall a subterranean cave was found
containing live crumbling skulls rf
human beings. Two of the skulls
were those of tho formale sex. lu a
decayed coat w;is found an unde
cipherable envelope with the word
writte n and blur:od, "Hrlngto," whlol
may nave belonged to John Harington.
Steele murdered his wlfo and el nigh
ter to conceal his crimes, and wiu
the two other men were remains a
B0M? VERY ?TDB?J?KS.
Shortages lt ported In Many of thr
ConntteH o? tho Stato,
Saluda county ls the next to order
an investigation of Ita county fluances
lt ls not believed that there) is any
thing partlcuarly wrong in thc admin
istration but that there has been
some poor bookkeeping that resulted
In a tangled condition of alfalrs. lr,
Ciar- ndon county the saun condition
(X's and the grund jury has ordered
tho most earoful Investigation of the
nuances of that county. Toe condf
tion of affairs throughout the state
milich his called for so many Investi
gations In tho finances of the various
counties has resulted in many of the
members of thc legislature studying
tho situation for a remedy. As was
ta'.ed the only thing that can be
done under the present law is to stir
up the various grand juries and mak
them lnvo ti g ato the vailous offices
In order that tho officials may be more
In his last report thc comtroller
general called attention to thc mr?ny
counties that needed investigation,
either on ; cet not of bad bookkeeping
or shortages. There were nine alto
gether as follows:
In Abbeville cc uaty it was necessary
to employ an expert at a cost of $000
to straighten out thc books.
In Barnwell county there was a
shoitago which Unaly resulted In a
settlement with thc bonding company
for over $11,000.
In Greenwood cpunty an expert
ti x J : i m atters at a cost of fcti'JO to the
In Greenville oounty the recent de
vel poment of graft justified the last
report cf tho cOmtroller general.
A shorings of over $4,000 lu Horry
[county is now in the cr uris,
A balance of over $:i,200 dm by
tho treasurer of Laurens county has
never beon paid and the grand jury
bas taken no action.
l i ti oolam! county there is an In
vestigation now going on.
lu Williamsburg county a shortage
f sev ?ral th usand luis been settled,
ill io og i this was due to bael book
In addition to tl ls there aro two or
Ihn o other counties now under Inves
Died Por 1KB Mottler.
At Brooklyn, N. Y., In a heroic
.IT rt to K.ivo lils mother and sister',
vho with a scoro of others were for a
il mo In great peril from Ure Nathan
Sfewman, 20 year? of age, Tuesday
osl his life In a burning tenement
louse. Nowman got out in safety
mt was unable to lind his mother and
later, ll i went bftok into tho burn
..rt .ii.-ii.,., fan rt rt tt,r> mn m on ??H
i,^, OUMUiUK, ?UUUU ?.??,-/ iTUiUVU AUU
. slated them through an opening to
he oof. Whoo he tried to follow
hem however, the ladder was stir
minded hy Hames. Ho made a rush
brough tile lire bu5 was overcome
list as ho readied tho top and foll
>ack into the burnin? building.
Hnm Horn BlantB.
Men who Intend to be good to
morrow always die today.
Tho fragrance of a Ufo depends on
ho fullness of Its love.
Life ls all song when one llvis In
>.mnnn ...Itt. 1U? I..
.?.?.i,ju jr n i un uno limul uo>
Tho heart gains no rest thro lgh
he gold cross carried on tro breast.
The Sunday faeo that looks ):ko lyo
111 not wash out thc sins of tho
Scientists arc still soarohlng tho
hole field of geological and paleon
logical discoveries to lind tho coll
ecting mani and boast. Up to tho
resent ttmo there ls only ono autho
tativo declaration concorntng man's
rigln, and that ls in Genesis.
Free Medica! Advice from m Ex
Dr. Hathaway Otters to Counsol and Adviso Evory Person i'reo of Char
On any D?ROOSO. Twenty-five Years of Remarkable
Success in His Record
WRITE HIM AND SAVE YOUR DOCTOR'S BILL.
"No extra oharge
statement or decop
live proposition* Al?
lowed In my advise*
DR. J. NMWTON HATHAWAY,
Whoso Knowledge ls freo to tho ?lok.
If yon aro fooling ill, und di not know just
what in tho muller with you, do not make tho
mistake of calling Oh your local doctor for
consultation but just simply writo lo Dr. J.
Nowton lliilliuwuy, 88 I munn Itldg, Allanta,
On,, inst how you buff or, aitd ho will couu
sol una advise you for no thillg, wliilo your
homo doctor will charge you unywhoro from
SI to ?10, for tho Hinno Horvico, lind nguiu, Dr.
Hathaway's ndvico is worth ton timos moro to
you, for li'iH wldo oxporionco in tho trent mont
of thoso diseases (25 yours), onnbles him to
ut onco understand Iho oxnet nuluro of your
trouble Ho will wino sond you u Solf-Exmut
ilation Blank mid a valur.blo honk on your
disease, of which ho is Mo author, froo of
Dr. Hathaway s spootally is disensos pf n
chronic or lingering untilro, Sud thoso ho han
successfully trostod for over twenty-five
yours. Tho BUCC088 li? lins mot with is sumo
thing remarkable. Ho has reached tho hoad
of his profession arid his tillo of "tho rocog
ui/.od nutliorlty on Ohronlo Disensos" justly
belongs to him. Not only has ho cured thous
and of Bufferers who cull athis olllco for Iront
mont, hut nearly ovory Stftto in tho Union is
represented on Iiis list, of ourod patients whom
ho WAS nhlo to cure hy his method of homo
trOAtmont. Ho hos had special SUCCOSS in cur
ing cases of longstanding and of n complicat
ed nature, nf tor several doctors had given thom
up as Incurable, hui whether vour cuso is of
long stnudiug or not, you should ut onco seek
tho ndvico of this grout specialist. It will ho
of great honeflt to you, ovou if you do not
Ho lins n positivo nod ponnnnont cure for
disonsos of mon and women such ns LOST
MANHOOD, BTtUOTUftH, VARICOPKI.B,
N KU VOUS DEBI I * l'f Y, ENLARGED PROS
TATE, RHEUMATISM, SPECIF?' BLOOD
POISON, KIDNEY AND BLADDER TROU
BLB, H KA RT DISEASE, STOMACH AND
BOWELL TROUBLE, D.IABBT KS,
BRIGHTS DISEASE, URINARY THOU
PM?, KNLAROED PROSTATE, FEMALE
TROUBLE, WOMB TROUBLE, OVARIAN
TROUBLE/ LKUCORRHKA, ETC., and il yon
nro nlllictod with uny of thoso diseases, you
should loso no timo in consulting this famous
His trentmont for theso disonsos is based on
ovor a quarter century of oloso stotly, und
whoo ho once discharges you us cured, you
need huvo rio four that you will ovor be trou
hl?d with your di sonso again-his euros nro por
manont. Dr. Hathaway is tho nuthor of eight
valuable medical hooks which should be ia
tho hands of every ono nlllicted, or ovory hoad
of a family, and ho will send uny ono of thea*
I'ooks to yon on rocoipt of your nnmo and nd
dross. 1, dis uses of tho thront and lungs:
2, kidneys mid urinary tract; 3, disoosoH ol
women; 4, skin, reclu?, rhoumntisrn; 5, blood
poison; (?, nervous dehility nud vital weakness;
7, stricturo; 8, vnricocolo. His book for
men entitled "Manliness, Vigor und Henltb,"
should ho in the hands of every mun. Write
for it, it is freo. If yon do not suffer
yourself send him tho nnmo of sonic one
that does. Do not forgot tho uddri?i,
J. Nowton Hiilhuwny, M. D., 88 Inman Bldg.,
I Atlanta. On.
Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Typo-writing, English branches, Full
guaranteed course 20 weeks. Single course of either Business or Short
hand, 8 mos. 12 calls for graduates in about 20 days. Can't supplv de
mand. Writo. . "
Machinery Supply House for the State.
WE SELL EVERYBODY.
Headquarters for EVERYTHING in MACHINERY SUPPLIES.
All kinds of Injectors, Lubricators, Pipe, Valves, Eittings.
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Mills and any one in Machinery business.
Large stook of Well Pumps and Cylinders. Get our price.
, COLUMBIA SUPPLY 00.V
D >l ii mt>l<*., B. O. The machinery Supply hon.no of the 8tr.fs
g THE GUINARD BRICK WORKS, I
? COI^UMHIA O.
Manufacturers Brick, Fire Proof Terra Cotta Building Block ,for J
Elue linings and Drain Tile. Prepared to lill orders for thou ands ?
or millions. ?
Yhlske Morphine I Olgaret I All Drug and Tobaooo
'a'oit, I Habit Habit Habits.
.Curod by Keeley Jliif$t:ii:iit.e, of Cl
1320 Lady St. (or P. O. nox 7ft) OolumhU. 8. G. ChcffriontiAl corr"
Will Ho Hold ut cir marni Collette Sec
ond Week In (ViiKiiHt.
The State institute for farmers will
be held at Ulemson college next
month. The exercise will begin on
Tue* d ly, the 8th, and will condini ?.
on Erlday, the 11th. The programme
Tuesday, August 8th--8 p. m., ad
dress of welcome and preliminary ex
orcises, address by Senator B. R. Till
man on "Raising Hogs."
Wednesday, August Otb-10 a. m.,
iddresS by Prof. W. J. Spiilman,
United States department of agricul
ture, subject, "Diversltlcatlon Karru
ng In thc South;" 2 p. m , experience
nceting; 8 p. m., address by J. A.
Everett. Indianapolis, lcd , subj ct,
'How to Solve all KAI mers' Prob
Thursday, August 10th-10 a. m ,
tdd ress by Dr. S. J. Summer.-*, sub
i act, "Farming In South Carolina as
m Opening for Young Men who will
J se Brains and arc Not Afraid or
Work;" 2 p. m., experience meeting",
lp. m., address by John A. Hamll
?on, farmers' instituto specialist,
TnPed .States department of Agricul
uro, subjeot, "Thc New Agrloul
Friday, August 11th- 10 a. m., ad
??.Agu hy \i> v_ Richards, industrial
gent Soutl orn railway, subject,
'Farmers' Interest in Immigration."
Miss Catherine Mulligan of Win
hrop college will give a course In do?
nestlo science during the Institute.
Note-Ampio provision will be
iadc by tho authorities of the college
o assist the visitors in examining tho
ollego, station end all tho inter?s! s
ellinging to the Clemson Agrlo.iltu
?vi college. Lodging will be furnish
d freo to the capacity of the listltu
lon. Those who attend will apply
ar tickets at tho ontrance to tho bar
icka. where names will ba registered,
nd a bod furnished if posslhlo. Meal
Ickots can bo scoured for 25 cents
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or write for treatment within the
next 30 days ? will cure them of the
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SY I'll I LIS (blood poison), GONO
RIIE. GLEET, STRICTURE, VA RI
COCELE. RUPTURE, CATARRH
and all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women cured
without operation. PILES cured
under guarantee without the knifo ei
any tying or huming operation
Consultations, Examination, Afc
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M. I).,
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst form ourod
quickly at homo.
You want the Best. Wc haye S
exactly what you want. Don't S
walt to feel exactly ready. Wo
an make you able. Our prices ?
an; LOW--our terms aro EASY. Z
Write us at once for catalogues," ?
prices and terms. Add rosa ft
nd H. RM AGENCY-Wo abo troin you foi
lie U. H. MUNAL CORI'S. Holtool estai
shod 17 yonrs. Ch000 hoard, low tuitiot?
,d Our Plan INS ll KKK position. Catnlogio
oe. OA^TliLKUHAl'H COLLEGE.
J MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
J COLUMBIA, S. C.
A GOOD COUNTRY PRINTER
JV who can set advci t isnnents, and
lake charge of the type setting depart
ment, ol a well-stocked country otllce.
Should he able to make up forms. To
such a printer a steady job with good
wages is open. Apply, with refer
Tl 1K Tl M ICS AND DjOMOCUAT, '
Orangohurg, S. 0,
Railroad Kart, tn
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