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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, October 06, 1905, Image 1

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The Marlboro
NO. m >11
He Does Not Paint an Altogether
Rosy Picture of
Political Conditions In thc Islands Not
Encouraging. An Outbreak of Lad
ron ?sm Recently. Sentiment for
Immediate Iudrpcndencc,
ls Very Popular.
In an interview with an Associated
Press representative, Secretary of War
W. H. Taft, who arrivai Wednesday
ab San Francisco on the Korea from
the Philippines, after describing var
ious incidents of tho trip to Japan, re
ferred to the political situation in the
Philippines, saying:
"The political situation in some re
spects was r.ot R8 geed as lt ought to
bo. A v ave of 'adronism has swept
over the province of Cavilo, and it has
been found necessary to suspend the
writ of babers corpus in the province
of Oavito ard Batan gas, ' he neighbor
ing pro vinco. Tue sauu, ves true of
Samar, hu? thc uso of breo- . i Samar
and the use of thc supremo e< irt of
the United State? and constul I ry in
Cavltehas put an end to this b.:ess;
however, th^re were two or three men
responsible for tho keeping up of the
ladronlsm, who had not been captured.
Complaints were made against the
constabulary and while many of them
were unfounded, it wes probably true
that a charme in the constabulary
ought to be ( IT lided, and it ls now un
dor consideration by the government.
Thc distressing agricultural de pres
sion, duo to the loss of 75 per cent, of
the agricultural cattle, drought, lcoust
and the cholera, as well as other caus
es, will prolably not cease to bo for
several vears. This naturally subjects
the government to criticism because
this alien government ls much more
likely to be criticized for existing con
ditions, however free from blame lu
respeot to them, than a native govern
"Some of the younger mon of edu
cation have been adveoatlug immed
iate independence It, therefore, be
came nccesst ry tostato with consider
able emphasis the policy of thc admin
istration cn this subject and to say
that In tho ( pinion of the administra
tion there was no possible hope for In
dependence ( hort of a generation, be
cause the people coi: ld not be titted
for self government tn that time; In
deed, it will prob.illy take a much
longer period.
"Tho party.consisted, as ls known,
of Democratic as well as Republican
senators and congressmen, and their
interviews represent all sides of thc
Philippine question, but, with a self
restraint ano moderation which can
not be too highly commended, lt was
tacitly agreed between the members
of the congressional party on both Bides
that it would be most unwise for them
to discuss before the Filipinos their
dlfferercs of opinion, and therefore
that any statement should be made by
the representative of the administra
tion as to the policy of political sd
ministration. Hence the sight, wh?o i
some of tho irreconcilable Filipino*!
had hoped for, to vdt: A constante nu
batbetwecu Republican and Democrat
ic members, with the Filipino people
as an audience, was not pr sen lcd,
and 1 cannot express too emphatically
my appreciation of t!.c p U: lotie stand
which our Democratic brethren took
in this matter in remitting a rhlTuslt n
of difference of opinion to (.hu proper
representatives In congress.
"While the conditions lu the Philip
pines are not as favorable as we would
Uko to have them and probably will
not be favorable until tho depressing
conditions shall be fo lowed by a pros
perous season, still progress is being
made. Tue government is more i til
clent ; in Undent men arc being elimi
nated and tilinga are settling to busi
ness. Economy is being practtc n
more and more In the government. I'M
ipinosare being introduced very rapid
ly to tho placo of Americans and on
tlic whole, in looking back over two
years, decided steps forward have been
"Of tho questions which were open
when we started on trip and In
tho settlement of which il, was hoped
tho trip might lend aid, one was tho
establishment of J'-special tribunal for
the hearing of di sputed questions in
relation to possession of churches and
rectories and cemeteries. I am glad
to say that before we reached the Isl
ands a satisfactory law had been en
aotcd, which, lt ls hoped, will rapidly
dispose of these eases. Thc lav/ refers
the issues directly to tho supreme
"There was also rornalning unset
tled a question about the title to one
half Of the friar lands those owned
previously hythe Domlniolan ordur
After a conference with tho represen*
bat? ve? of the vendors, a satisfactory
eompromiso was effected by which
f good title to tho lands will be immed
iately conveyed to tho government and
possession given, as far as that posses
sion ls lh the vendors, and thc differ
ence as to price, a matter of sonic
$200,000, will he loft to adjustment by
llorrlblo Acculent.
,A dispatch to the Augusta Cbronl
de says Mrs. Q Oogburn, living abc uti
ten miles from Johnston lilied a tin
syrup can with hot tomatoes prcpar
lng to can samo. After pushing on
tlie top the contents exploded going
into hor face, burning her to such an
extent tas to Infi lob total blindness.
One eye has already been taken out
On account of the face being so swol
len a thorough examination of thc
other eye has not heon made yot, but
ll is thought by attending physicians
to bo out also.
8ays Massongale, Who Gives Some
Figures to Show Why
A Furth? r I Om Iv Kino III Gotten ls
B?ro to Como. TIIIM Year's
Grrp burliest In Years.
Tho following which we clip from
tho Augusta Ohionic'.o will bo road
with interest:
NottWOOD, GA.,SoDt. 20-As Gro
ver Cloveland onco said a "condition
and not a theory nev/ confronts us."
So thc writer says a condition and a
theory confronts the whole world at
this timo as regards tho cotton situa
tion. The hulls and thc hears are
actively engaged, the one to convince
tho world of a she rt crop of cotton
Thc other to convince, the world of a
large crop, and on tho bull side 1 align
my-elf. Not t-i in ply b cause lama
Southern man and interested in my
people's welter*, but because I lo
lleve in a short crop of eotto.i for the
ycais 11)05 00 and facts and conditions
bear me out and not theories. From
tho best of my knowledge and belief
the crop of A mer kan co. ton, and
when I say American cotton I moan
cotton raised in t;;o Southern states,
will not rer.ch over ben million one
hundred and sixty ?Ive thousand bahs
of live hundred pounds each. Wolle
this ls one of thc eal ll st crops per
haps on record it has been time and
again demonstrated conclusively that
au extremely early crop h not indica
tlve of a large crop. Even if a large
acreage was planted neither ia an ( x
tremely late crop Indicativo of a large,
crop, buta crop between thc two gen
erally pans out best.
The crop of 1808 00 was the largest
crop ever grown (uutil the crop of
1001-05) and that crop consisting of
only 21,057,000 acres-and threw Into
sight in September only 082,700 bales
of cotton. Yob the lina! orop was 11,
2:15,000 bales, or ever a bale to two !
acres. That crop was not an cai ly
nor a late crop, but between thc two. '
What we call an average dat e crop. 1
The cn p of 1800 and HMO was a very
cirly crop, bringing Into sight in
September 1 U0 700 bales,'' acreage
planted 22,433,000, and yet only 9,
.130,000 bales of cot'on were.produced
The crop of looi and 1002 was a very
late crop, only 713,408 bales coming
into sight in Septembei ; an acreage of
27,87 1,000 and only 10,425,000 bales
hiing produced. The Bumper orop of
1004 and 1005 was a medium date
ctop, bringing Into sight 1 369,645 1
bales In September and producing 13,
054 020 bales from an acreage of 32,
303,690. So If yqu will take thc cot ? I
ton record for two decades you will seo
that the same results follow and tho 1
writer is of thc opinion that a million 1
and a quarter bales of cotton will show
Its snowy bosom this September from
au acreage of about 27,000,000, and ;
if precedent is worth anything you 1
can look for a short crop.
Tho world spinning a million and
over bales per month will coutume a
crop of 12 000,000 bales, and even ad
milting that we have a visible supply
of ovor 2i million bales, where In the
name of all that's fair will you cuter 1
Into next season with any cotton in
sight. It will bo shown that the
world's trade ls the best forages. Dal
ly and nightly the hum of tho factory
spindles arc heard around tho world
like England's drum boat. And the
sun will soon not set upen a single
foot of soil whero people arc not cloth- '
cd In cotton goods. 1
Tao Japanese and Hus .ian war is
closed Japan, the victor over what
was once considered lhe most power
ful empire In tho world, both nations !
will rise Pnoonix-iike from their ashes, '
and follow along in tho march of com
merdai prosperity, In Japan und i
Russia cotton manufacturing will at !
c noe commence hy leaps and bum.ls t
and In live years from this dato Ubina i
will consume one hundred million do)
lars of American manufactured ootton 1
gooda instead of twenty-live millions. '
And the watchword will t e eastward
the course of cotton goods take, its 1
Hight. Clothing always follows ol vi- <
llzitlon, rot olvili/itlon clothing, i
fliese are pregnant words atul full of 1
potent meaning, That Japan, now a
world po??cr, will civilly..-. China, ls
beyond davil. And open door assured i
lb China.
Tillrty million bales of cotton will
bring I2? cents, and another reason
why ootton si-ab and will advance.
I'he ROU them farm- r has Just learned
thab he ls a power in the world. Tho :
una! free del ivory system brings him
in flawy contact wi h the winde world;
he ls no longer a bower of wo id anil
drawer of water, bub is today well
ousted nh current events of tho day.
ile has just learned his potoor-rirawn
his wisdom frotu tho Now Orleans
con vent lor. ne ress' ns if a fout teen
million bale crop brings on an av. rage
of 0 ce??s por pound, ten million
should bring him i:ijc nts, and by the
lirst day of March, 1000 middling cot
ton v/ill sell In Augiibta at 131 couts.
M ay bo sooner. Tue farmers aro pay
ing their debts with it) CUMS cotton.
ASSOOH as that is do io the balance
will be stored away ard sheltt red,
This crop will h.- the earlh st gath
ered since "freedom." That's the
way tho darkle reek ?ns. And 1 bore
by extend, on the part of thc cotton
association cf Georgia, an invitation
to jack frost to come along, as you
can do no luv m. Nota bloom ?Ince
the. middle of August.
1 soe now a brighter day for thc
south. I see tho wand of tho fairy
wafted over my people, uttorlng these
words: "Biholci, prosperity 1 givo
you. Sorely have you stiff ?red and
homo the burden of thc world, but
peace and plonty shall illumine your
pathway 13d cents colton in store
for you.
wiiy.i.????! [tgAffo Pf*.eel
A dispatch from Tokio says notwith
standing the sllonoo of the government
thc real fact ls disclosed that Japan
made peace at Portsmouth In foar of
a financial breakdown. The war
provtd more costly than had been cal
culated and thc rice and cereal oropi
scorn fd doomed to fall uro. Six
months morn of war would have meant
very hard times.
A Lower Mortality in thc Japan
ese Arni} from Disease
That Has Ever Faced a Foe. They Had
Very Nearly a Perfect Sanitary
System and Well Uqulppcd Hos
pitals in Which to Treat
Their Sick Soldiers.
M. J. Louts L. Seaman of New York
waa tho central liguro Thursday at
thu convention of Military Surgeons
of thc United Statos, at Detroit, 111.,
when he made answer to tho criticisms
of hts utterance made last Tuesday by
Surgeon Charles F. Stokes of the Unit
ed Statos navy und followed with a
paper on "The Real Triumph of Ja
oat?" or "Tho Cor.quest of tho Silent
Foe," lu willoh ho rlterated many of
lils forcer statements and lauded tho
Japanese government for Its conduct
of the sanitary and hygienic phase of
tho late war.
Dr. Seaman's paper was as follows:
"Mr. President and Go?.Gemen: Thc
success of Japan In thc recent cor Hieb
with Russia was due preeminently to
throe fundamental causes: First, thor
ough preparation and organization for
war -such preparation as was never
made before; second, to the simple,
non-irritating, and easily digested ra
tions of the Japanese troops; and third,
to thc brilliant part played hy thc
members of tho medical profession In
tho application o'" practical sanitation,
the stamping out of preventable dis
aases in the army, threby saving Its
units for thc legitimate purposos of
war -the smashing of tho enemy in
the Held.
"lt must never he forgotten that in
every great campaign an army faces
two enemies: First-, the armed for?as;
the opposing foe; second, the far great
er silent foe, disease.
' Of these enemies, the history of
warfare for oontuiios has proven that
the first kills 20 per cent, of tho total
mortality lu the conflict, whilst tho
secimd kills 80 per cont. This dread lui
and unuece sary sacrldco of Ufo, es
pecially in conllicts between the An
glo-SRX'Ui race?, ls the most ghastly
proposition of the age, and tho Japan
RSC have gone a long way toward con
quiring or eliminating it."
Maj. Seaman cited tables of statis
tics of battle records for 200 years
snowing that there has rarely been a
c-on fl lot In which at least four men have
not perished of disease for one from
bullets. He contidued:
"Put tho crowning piece of Imbed
li ty was reseived for our late war with
Spain, where more than ten were need
less?y sacrificed to ignorance and in
0'impetency for every one who died on
thc tiring line or from bullets. Tills,
to:>, in the short campaign of six
"All of these statistics wore studied
with the minutest care and r-j.all by
the Japanese. Their authorities rec
Ognlz id that, In order to be victorious
over a foe like Russia, this great silent
anemy that slaughters HO out of every
100 that fall must bo overcome. And
the medical mon of thc army did lt."
The speaker then sho wed the aol uni
llguroa of klllad, wounded and sick in
the J ipano.se army from February
100-i, to the end of April, 1905, which
averaged nearly live deaths from bill
ets for one from disease, or DOO per
$ent. better than the average In his
jory. Maj. Seaman says:
"This record ls unparalleled and un
ipproaohod and the medical mon of
the army achieved lt."
How this marvelous result was at
tained, Maj Seaman said was a work
if 10 years, beginning Immediately af
ter tbe war with China, when Japan
sse statesmen realizad Japan would
again have to go to war bo preserve
her Independence as a nation. The
great amount of Illness likoly to appear
?a tho army was taken Into considera
Lion and the steps for Its elimination
were taken.
"With this point always in view,"
Maj. Seaman c mtinued, "she sent her
students all over tho world to study
tho army nj stems in otlior lauds. Upon
the declaration of w-ar she was pre
pared to house, scientifically treat and
tenderly caro for 26,000 sick and
won ned in Japan alone. Twelve ses
if main hospitals, cac i with from uno
bo live attached branch hospitals, were
scattered throughout the empire in
the chief towns of the 12 military dis
?riots Into which the country ia divid
"The original 25,000 odd beds wi re
rapidly Increased In number as the
oampaigu progressed, hy thc erection
of substantial, though exceedingly
pain, pine buildings running parallel
and SO constructed that euell was a
unit housing loo p itlonts, but connect
ing series by covered walks and run
ways. Great elasticity was gained by
this simple form of architecture, foi
wards could he tacked on Indlllnitcly
within thc limitations of the property
"Ono and a half years after thc
commencement of this war, or on the
ti th of July, lUOf), the 12 groat mili
tary homo hospitals possessed a nor
mal capacity of f>8,263 available beds,
on this same day, However, only one
half of them wero In usn, or, bo bc ex
aot, thcro were 28,.r>(>l patient? in hos
pltol. The apparent hospital over
preparedness suggests that the Japan?
eso themselves failed to realize what
marked successes would attend tho en
forcement of their new code of mili
tary hygiene and sanitation, as appli
cd for the llrsb time in thc Held.
"Whether the medical department
prepared this Immense hospital sys
tem for sick or wounded lu of little
Importance; the fact, however, Vicing
that when tho ghastly cortego from
Mukden did arrive lu Japan in April
thero was hospital room for overy dis
ahled man of the thousands and thou
sands, and Instant medioal attendance
and caro and nursing ready and wait
"Tho pharmaceutical side of those
military hospital? ls an auxiliary ma
chino, working in porfeot harmony
willi tho whoio. Llko tho field scr
vloo, lt is indisputably respouslblo for
all tho medical and surgical supplies,
and issues them upon requisition of
tho doctors and Burgeons. Besides
this the dopartment is responsible for
all sterilized milk, washing of band
?gos and rorolling, disinfection of bed
ding, and tho making of chemical
tests of urine.
"IQ very hospital throughout Japan
aud ovory bise and Hold hospital in
Manchuria ha3lts bacteriological lab
"Too much cannot bo said in en
thusias'.i.'. commendation of this aldo
of thc service. Undoubtedly tue pains
taking reseal ohos have beeu tho mean?
of saving thoui?ads of lives by fore
stalling pcsslui ?pldeailcs, and sav
ing individual I by prompt determl
nation of tho trouble. No man suf
fers from tcmpeialure but whose blood
goes under the mlcio.scope. Malaria is
malaria, and ty phoid ls typhoid In tho
Japanese arm/. Diseases aro not
guessed at, us they were in Cuba, thc
Philippines and South Africa, where
often for a full weer, tho physicians
attempted to dlagncMO cases by sleight
of hand and trick of eyo.
"The limits of this paper do not
admit of moro than tho merest refer
ence to the splendid system of nani ta
tton folioAod in tho Hold. SMIHCJ It to
say that during the campaign ixiend
lug (.vera yo?r and a half, with from
300,uuo to ooo.ooo boUii?rs undergoing
the .severest hardships and privations
of active service, lhere are in the
Japanese army 30 mon out of cvory
100 who have never reported at SICK
call; 30 men who never baw tho Inside
of i\ hospital or were sick in quarters,
a record absolutely unparalleled. The
war !..v. ta?>;''' iii ii ) loshGus and de
stroyed many Ulenia in matters mili
tary, as In matters surgical. In surgi
cal teohuiquo, or in thc after-treat
mont of tho wounded and sick, the
Japanese have taught the forciguor
comparatively little, but in the field
of sanitary science and dietetics they
have demonstrated, what has never
been done Lefore, that preventable
diseases aro prevent able.
"They have pres rv id their annies
for tho legitimate pi rp ses for which
armies arc enlisted; Lue killing or con
quering of an open enemy in the field,
instead of having four fifths of its
mortality victims to tho silent foe.
"lt id against this dreadful scourge,
this needless saorltiee, that the Japan
ese have ma le their hardest fight, and
won thoir most signal victories-vio
torios that will redound moro to their
credit tuan even the expulsion of the
Muscovite aggressor.
"A dispatch* reaa' /ed la L?nSc
September 21 from the Tokyo corres
pondent of the London Stund?rd, g.v
lng the statistics of tho war to tnat
date, reports:
" Killed, 40,ISO; died of wounds,
lo,?.?70; died from sickness, 16,300.:
Tuts peroenUigo of death to sieknes*
was less than one-fourth of the total
dead, whtob ls a 'Oeord not paralleled
lu the annals of war.
"When contemplating these mar
velous figures, with what a ghastly
and melancholy smile the hero pi
Manila must rec ill his action in cen
soring tho cablegram of the chief sur
geon who had requested 50 adclitioua
m dical ofiloers and 200 more nurse!
when the hospital wards were over
crowded, because such a dispatel
would provo the falsity of his olaln
that) ho had the situation well ir
hat.d 1 Months afterwards the sur
geons ano nurses were provided, bul
not until the horrible condition wai
Intensified, and taps had sounded tin
rcquiom for many a poor boy who hat
joined the greai majority,
"Perhaps the same delight may so
lace tho contemplative commander li
tho Cuban campaign, when ho recall
his famous order at Tampa, dlreotinj
the unloading of a ship filled wU-i
medical and ho ipi tal supplies for San
tlago. and the substitution of a loa
of mules Instead.
"Or of another major general dur
lng that war, who ou hoing waite
upon by certain medical elli .sers wit
a protest against thc use of certal
water said, lu response to their Coir
pla! it: 'When 1 want your advice,
Will s nd for you; until l do, you ca
alt- nd to your own business.'
"Or oven if the then secretary (
war, who, when Inspootiug the cami
a'j Montauk 1* iln;, with the presiden
of LOU United States, said on lookin
at a glass of water furnished til
io oops of this inflicted camp, an
which certain medical men had pr?
nounced to contain g inns of diseasi
'Woy, it looks ali right to ni :.'
''Until tho line aud stair oilcers <
thc American army ls taught tl
necessity of sanitation, and tue med
cal ( Ulcer ls g I von rank and author!!
toonforco lt, our mr.dloal departmei
must romain humiliating faiiur
Its continuance under present oond
blocs is no less than an cvldonce i
national Imbecility." _
Battle Witli a Mimik.
Tho Nev York American says li
fishermen on Long Uland Sound we
chased Wednesday by a big shar
which viciously attacked their bo?i
and gave thom desperate battle O t
were used Ineffectively to heat cir ti
ra vern.us ll sh, The light took place ?
most opposite Captain's Island L'.gl
house. The men heard a commotion
the water and saw a long body wi
head submerged coming toward t
beats at a furious rate. Suddenly t
head c uno ab ?ve water and tho fish
men saw it wat? that of a big shai
which showed lit roe-looking teeth. T
monster seemed to bo mad from hi
ger. Several ll.sh wore thrown ov
board and thcuo the greedy, man-e
lng lish devoured. Then lt made lin
oi at the boats and tried to 2aps
them, .lohn Smlthorscz fired two sin
from a revolver at the shark, but l
did not frighten ll, and the ?shcra
had to row for their lives tn the l'i
Chester short;, lighting their foe I
entire way. The shark followed I
boats until tho men had almost rca
ed tho beach and then disappeared
ciot <>rr Light.
Columbus W. Walker was convl
ed at Covington, (Ja., on Monday
wlfc-mur 1er and, the jury having
commended him to mer?y, was s
I tonced lo tho penitentiary for lifo.
> s
A New York baptist Minister
Calls McCall a Thief
The Prcucher Taking for his Text, the
Commandment, "Thou Shalt Not
Steal," Said the Insurance Alan
Had Violated That Com
mand by his Act.
The New York American says John
A. ! McCall, president of tho New
Yojjk Life Insurance Company, was
scathingly assuiled from the pulpit uf
tho;ltiverslde Baptist Church Sunday
by Ita pastor, tho Hov. Dr. A. Lin
coln Moore.
AJ domand was made for the Im
mediate resignation of Mr. McCall,
andi Dr. Moore declared with passion
ate earnestness that the brad of the
New York Life had gris.ly violated
the command ment ''Thou shalt not
steal" in taking vast sums of the
policy-holders money from tho treas
ury bf the company and contributing
theso funds for partisan pullticl
Dr. Mooro took as his text Exodus,
xx., 16: "Thou shalt not steal." lils
entiro sermon was devoted to drawing
the dis tl DOt lon between honesty and
dishonesty. Ills unexpected attack
upon the president of tho New York
Lifo created a sensation in tire crowd
ed church auditorium.
"Wo all recognize," said the divine
impressively, "the rights of property,
bo that property great or small-tho \
widow's mlle or thc fortune of the
greatest millionaire. This brings us
to tho forgotten commandment, ' 'thou
shalt not steal."
"If you would always call stealing 1
stealing, and a thief a thief, there
would be less stealing and fewer
thieves. If an office boy steals ?niuo .
from tho office In which he ls employ
ed, ho ls prosecuted and sont to jail; ]
but If the president of tho samo com
pany Hinches a few hundreds of thous
unds or millions of dollars from the
corporation's fuads, he ls hailed as a
Napoleon of liuancc and men will be 1
found to become apologists for his {
notier a.
"Thou shalt
not il" 8auu.u ui! branded lu let
ters i Aro In the ol?lco of ovary bank,
und jil fe Insurance company of the
land and In the heart of every mau
who handles other people's money
and property."
Dr. Moore then electrified his hear
irs by his scathing invective against
President McCall, of the New York !
Lifo. lu doing so he quoted largely
from an open letter that bc mailed to
Mr. McCall on Saturday.
"I have read the testimony of John
A.. McCall, president of tho New
York Life Insurance Company," said
Dr. Moore, "and from reading that
testimony I have concluded tuat he
?ias arrogated to himself tho power
ind right to use thc investors' money
vt his own discretion, unmindful of
the fact that tho money so user! be
longs to others.
"Upon what othlcal grounds does
this man base his right?" cried the
inlnlstor. Serving th a tlduoiary ca
pacity, as a tiuttoe and not ibe own
ar, the testimony of Mr. MoOall, with
Its unblushing confesi?n of misap
propriation, misrepresentation, mis
management and p ?sslb o speculation,
reveals his manifest moral untltnoss
for the responsible position that he
holds, an office which be hus discredi
ted and betrayed. Office ls a sacred
truiit, and to betray that tru.^t ls the
worst because tho meanest kind of
"The actions of J.din A. McCall
are lligrant violations of the tlrst
principles of honesty ami arc utterly
indefeslblo in law,ethics and huslnt s-i
".I unhesitatingly aillrm tuat his
action In taking vast sums of :he poli
cy holders money from thc treasury
iii tho company without authority
other than his own, and dovoting
those sums to partisan political pur?
oses, wat a gross violation of the
comujandmont, "Thou Shalt Not
"That money was stolon Just as
surely as If lie had place l his ban i
In tho policy holder's pockets and lil
Shed lt from them."
The minister then quoted the fol
lowing verse, which t.i embodied In
his lotter to President McCall:
"In vain men call old notions fudge
And bend tho conscience to their
The KitfhthCommandment will not
And stealing will continue stealing.
"That money wrongfully takon, so
rumor says, was undeubtedly employ
ed ol tia r directly or Indirectly In
prostituting the ballot and debauch
lng Amerioancitizenship," continued
Dr. Mo a-?, as he pounded his pulpit
with emphatic earnestness.
"Thus wrongdoing ia over .produc
tive of wrongdoing, and the moral In
lluence of such men as Mcdill and
those associated with him lu tho man
agement, or lather mismanagement
of the New York Life lu.-airancc Com*
pany, will Inevitably rosult In a dead
ly, harvest Of Wrongdoing throughout
our land. With many, a premium
will bo placed upon dishonesty, and
with others, business Integrity will
become an empty name.
"1 am convinced that tho testimony
of Mr. McCall has proved his moral
untltnoss for the responsible oillco of
president of the New York Lifo, arni
from this pulpit I ?iciuand that ho re
sign. That r?siliation will bo In thc
Interests of the company In particular
and of morality in general.
"1 am a small policy holder of tho
Now York Life, ami lt ls my profound
bollcf that John A. McCall ought to
bo oom polled to restore tho funds ho
has removed from tho coffers of the
company, or ho ought to bo arrested
and Incarcerated.
"Thorolsan universal Inclination
to steal, both among tho rloh as well
as among tho poor. There are two
sorts of stealing; personal and ctllcial.
Under the tlrst hoad aro oataloguod
unfair bargains, unfair wages, mis
repros3nlatlou of goody, tho evasion
of taxes, refusing to pay outlawed
debts, idleness and dependence. Tho
sluggard ls tho very prlnoo of thieves.
"Quicial stealing is tho vory mean
est sort of thievery, since it ooncerns
tho stealing of other people's money.
The revelations recently mado of the
mismanagement and dishonest meth
ods prevailing in tho big life insur
ance companies havo astounded tins
country. Men regarded as represent
ir g ail that is best in tho business
world, politics and finance have fallen
like shattered idols.
"Tho monopoly of any commodity
cr a combination formed to put up
the price of tho necessaries o' life is a
flagrant form of stealing. Many
monoplies are organizad robbery. Men
determined to raiso or lower tho price
of stocks or to water stocks on the
declaration that the earnings Justify
lt are tide vos.
"New York may or may not bo a
gay summer resort, but lt is certainly
a watering placo. Wall Street ls lo
oated uuder the sign of Arpiarlus,
judging from the volume of water
that Hows from lt.
"Old fashioned honesty has boen
supplanted hy ncw-fashlonod dlsbon
est-y, and untru'.h has talc-in tho place
of probity; but tho Ten Command
ments of Jehovah will never be out
grown, for the Decalogue must abHe
as the stanch and Imperishable frame
work of society."
MonumontH Wrookotl in tho Catholic
Ccinotorte? in W?HOOIIH?II.
A dispatch from Milwaukee sayB
tlie scries of raids on Catholic ceme
teries in Northorn Wisconsin and up
per Michigan has reached tuon a
stage that every cemetery in tho en
tire district lu whioh Catholics are
burled is under guard. More than
twenty cemeteries have been visited,
and the eroses on monuments smash
ed with sledge hammers, whilo wood
en crosses on graves have boen torn
up and piled in hoaps. So thorougly
has the work been done that in sever
al cemeteries the names of those bur
led are lost.
Bishop Fox, of tho Dlocosc of Green
Bay. in an interview, says:
1 I believe if thc monument wreck
er of the Catholic cemeteries in the
GI reen Hay Diocese were to be fouud
ho would be lynohed, BO insause have
the people become over tho repeated
lost orations. Their ?anger is at a
white heat, and they will not bo likely
bo treat with any leniency tho cul
prit should he bc found.
"We have absolutely no clue as to
tho lndentlty of the person or persons
?ho are engaged In this wretched
work. I believe, and 1 think til?,
general impret-s'on that prevails
among thinking people up there ls,
that tho work ls that of some poor,
fomented person."
A reward of $500 is offered by thc
Knights of Columbus for Information
that will lead to the arrost of the
monument wreckers who raided St.
Joseph's and St. Anne's cemeteries
and destroyed tombstones worth 44,
300 lu Esoanaba. An additional re
ward of lt'?00 will be offered by St.
Joseph's Cemetery Association.
Alian V. Glasson, sn attomoy In
Deon to, fouud In ids oilloe a paokagn
>f pamphlets published In the lotet
?sts of the Seventh Day Adventist
faith. On tho wrapper was written:
Please study up the question of Sir -
jay laws. You will sometime be cal
led upon to defend religious liberty,
which is fast being taken from us.
Will call upon you soon.
Thomas Gallagher, a traveling ped
ler, of Battle Greek, Mich., was arrest
ed In Gladstone, Mich., tonight. Ile
denies any knowledge of the cemetery
desecrations, but will bo hold titi ttl
a full Investigation ls made. His ar
rest followed the discovery made by
the officers that the foot prluts of
ono of thc members of the hand which
wrecked monuments hero on Tues
day night had a small patch on the
bottom of Ibo shoe. A patch similar
to that shown in tho footprints was
found on ono of thc shoes worn by
tim prlsioner.
FJUAI Fight.
A dispatch from Laurens to The
3tat0 sa?s John P. South was shot
?UKI instantly klllod at 10 O'olcok
thursday at Boyd's mil', 12 miles
west of the city, by Leavoll D. Wal
ker. Walker surrendered and was
brought to jail by Doxter Rlledge,
acting constable. The men were
neighbors and both indust rious young
farmers. Lt is understood that they
had a previous difficulty, and S nth,
who was drinking, seoms to haye
started out to renew thc difficulty.
Aftor ru ining Mrs. Waiker from the
house he proceeded to tho Geld, 200
yards distant, armed with a grass
ho ;k, and told Walker that he pro
posed to kill him. Walker managed
to get out of tho way and ran to his
house, where ho secured a gun and
when South approached he shot South
dead. South was unmarried. Walker
ls a married man and has a family.
Mach is about .'10 years of ago and
both como from good families. They
lived In thc Poplar Springs section of
Laurens county.
Miami ny IfourUuns'
In a letter to President Roosevelt
the lion. W. J. Bryan says; "You
have the contest cf your life before
you, and I desire to render you all the
assistance in my powor. You have
asked Congress to enact it law so en
larging the powers of the interstate
commerce commission ai to permit it
to lix and enforce a reasonable freight
rate. And the rall toad lobby was
strong enough to stop In tho Senate
tho bill passed by tho House. The
railroad magnates expeot to block thc
passago of the bill again. Stand by
your gun?. You havo developed a
roform eloment In ttio Republican
party; you must load lt or suffer the
humiliation of uoolng the leadership
pass to so no ono else. Go forward.
You owo lt to yourself, you owo lt to
your part/, and more than all, you
wno lt to your O?uut?y."
Some Interesting Figures Relativo to
the Cotton Outp. t.
Wllllamtou UU<H tim Largest Share
of South Carolin a Cotton-Oon
sumixlon by Mills.
OJ Friday tho national department
of agriculture gave out somo lntorest
lng information relative to tho cotton
of 1903 4.
During the year 1899 aud 1900 then
wero shipped from South Carolina a
total of 405,328 balor; 1900 1901, 453,
214 bales; looi 1002, 423,090 biles;
1902 1903, 493 858 bales; 1903-1904,
477,007 bal , During tho year 1903
mo l th \ < a shlppod lino tho state
215 If :? ha? ,. During the ramo tl nu
mill: rt J state bought 509,559 bales.
The ...vi err p of tho htate for tht
same time was 831 378 bales.
So muoh of tho South Carolina orop
ls takeu by its own mills and bhoso ol
Georgia and North Carolina that the
bulk of what remains ls distributed
.brough few cou;m rob. 1 channels
than the crops of somo other states.
Wllmh gton gets a mucli larger share
of tho South Carolina crop than an>
other port, being 150 440 bales, but
thc receipts for 1903 4 were 2,708
bales less than the oro vi ons year.
Tho most notable change in port
receipts occurs at Chr.rlcr.lon whore
the d? c'eas'? amtu ?ted to 40 492 bales.
1899 1?Q0 Charleston reooived 98 881
bale: ; 1900 1901 s io received 97,410
bale*; 19J1 2 sheree Ived 93,937 bales;
1002 3 she received 128 072, and lu
1003 4 88,180 bales, lhere wen
praotioally no silpments t:> Now
Orleans in 1003-4 against 4,430 bales
the previous years. Norfolk show a
Kain of 20,491 hales from South Caro
?Ina, her ligures being for 1899 1900
10,109; 1000 1,48,077; 1001 2. 24,387;
19U2 3, 18,52!). aud 1903 4, 39 023.
Savannah has ga land 0,000 from
South Carolina, her ligures being,
1800 1900, 43 634; HMO 1 53 000; 1901
2, 3U.017; IVI03-4, 42,8.9. New Yo k
has gained 791 hales, lier figures being
1899 1900, 1,370; 1000 1, 4,452; 1901
2, 031; J902 3, 0 402 1903 4, 7,250
Baltimore has Jost 894 bales, her fl?
ores being, f?.r 1002 3, 1 012 bales, aud
for 1003 4, 118 bales. Tuc shipments
to Augusta increased 4 989 bales, her
figures being for 1002 3,77,138, and
for 1003 4, 82,127, and to Ncrth At
lantic ports (via Georgetown) 1,110
Tho Inland movement to domestic
mills shovs the foll iwing ohauges; an
Inoreaso of 3 100 bales to Nev/ B igland
mills, and 800 lo Virginia mills, and a
decrease of 5,084 b iles to North Caro
lina mills and 1,480 bales to Georgi?
mills. Tho t ot al ?movement from .the
state in 1903 4 was 477,007 halos, or
10 851 bales less than in 1902 3, and
?he average movement for tho hv<
years ls 402,025 bales. The average
commoicial crop for tho same period
ls 834,371 bales.
The following is the number of
bales shipped from tho principal
points in South Carolina in 1003 4:
Abbeville, 2,748; Aiken, 5 217; Allen
dale, 3,281; Anderson, 7,810; Bam
berg, 5,172; harnwell, 3,840; Ben
nettsvlllo, 0.070; Bishopvllle, 10.572;
Blackville, 4 7 lu; Branchville, 3,031;
Camden, 4.050, Chester, 0.810, Clo.
7,124; Columbia, 03,177; Darlington,
0,300; Denmark, 0,810; 10lgr.il.kl, 6,
540: Greenville, 14,694; Greenwoo';
in,o77; Newberry, 17,131; Orangeburg
8,018; Sumter, 45 310; Spartanburg,
3,035; Yorkville, 0 30(5
In addition to tho abovo shlpmeut
from raliway stations In S^uth Cari .
lina there wore shipped by boats from
coastwl e points in the state to Char
lesion 14 815 hales, and from Savan
nah river landings 047 bales to Au
gusta and 1.218 to Savannah. There
originated on plantations in Alkci
and Kd^ofleld comities 17,088 babs.
Ki,los iv.'.ot, of which were delivered
at Augusta by wagon s, and 1,790 bales
by canal boats.
Fought a Snvku at Soa.
A badly lacerated crew arrived at
Now York Wednesday on the steamer
ludrsmiyo, guarding a cargo of wild
animais from Chinese and Japanese
ports. S:x leopards and two Mg snakes
caused most of tho injuries which
were lrJhoted by the animals during
an exalting voyage. Bisldes these
animals the Iadrarnstyo started ort
wibh an el? phant, six monkeys of a
largo and Ravage Speoles and some
smaller animas. Tho leopards from
their c.:.'..'!; PUCO eded In lacerating the
arms and lags of six sailors who at
tempted to Led them 011 f ie rolling,
p'.tohlhg ship. In thc Ko l sea, one
of tho snakes, whioh weighed 200
p. und.;, and was twenty?three fcei
long, escaped fro:n his oage and
ci./.vied out upon the deck about
dawn. During mo-t nf the forenoon
che entire crow fought and rolled
ab mc tho deck in a struggle to get
the snake baok Into his cage. Tuey
? nal ly su. cceded.
AttttuUu ol tho Spinners.
C. W. McAra, president of tho
Master Cotton Spinners' Association
of Great Biltatn says tho spinners bad
no quarrel with American cotton plant
ers, had no desire to Interfere with
their legitimate profits and had noch
jection to the fluctuations brought
about hy a small or a large yield. A?
a matter of fact, tho grower would bo
well rewarded In un ordinary season
hy a return of 8 cents per pound. B>
gambling operations, howover, the
price had been advanced for several
seasons to 14 cents per pound and
higher, which meant an udvat.co on
tho world's cn p of ?480,ooo,ooo. The
\ rd ; i spinner, Mr. McAra adds,
ls as badly handicapped as the Europ
ean spinners, tin 0i?t Of the carriage
of cotton to New longland millo being
as great as the cost of carriage by sea
to Lancashire
Marlo a Haul.
Burglars entered the banking houso
of C. P. Bu molt & Sons at 101 Dorado,
III,, oarly Thursday morning, wrockod
the safe and carried away between ?8.
000 and ?10,000 in curcnoy and gold.
A number of citizens wero awakened
when the safo was blown open and tboy
arrived at thc hank as tho robbers
woro leaving. Too gave pursuit and
several shots were oxohanged, hut no
one was hit. Blood mounds havo boen
- ..fr H?~ f?.?/t1r r\t 4.f>*A lM.wr.lnMn
|IUV VU Vt4U VlUVtt ?J? ?UV MIUHUIl.li
Bryan County Terrorized by a
Desperado Named Simms,
Lar^c Section of One Georgia County
Terrorized by Him. lie Makes Peo
ple Conirlbute to His Needs.'
Ile Has Already Killed ?|
Two Men.
A dlspatoh from Savannah, Qa.,
lays while Will E. Simms heavily
armed, stoo l in pUin sight, a coro
ner's Jury Wednesday found him guil
ty of murder.
E.labell is lu Bryan county, 24
niles from Savannah, and that vlolnl
i ty ls In a state of terror because of
tho acts ot Simms, a white desperado,
I who has alroady killed two men, has
notitled others that ho will kill them
>n sight, and, who, for the last three
weeks, has openly delia! tho officers
Lot the stato and county, being, 1B ls
'said, sheltered and supplied with
ammunition by relatives and openly
levied contributions of food and money
from various persons of the oominunl
r,y, ouforolug compliance with his
wishes at tho point of a Winchester.
Wednesday, a coroner's jury delib
erated on the death of a negro, tho
latest vlotlm of Simms. Tho mur
derer was so near the scene and so
well posted as to tho proceedings that
before a verdict had been reached, he
had addressed au open letter to all
who were against him, defying thom
to do their worst, and inviting them
to come in tho woods and look for
Four works ago Simms shot and
killed Julius Lanshurg, a froight train
conductor on tho Seaboard Air Line,
for no other reason, it is reported,
than that Lanshurg had refused him
pr mission to oome to Savannah on
bis tralu. After this c lino ho dis
appeared for a few divs, but did Dot
leave tho vicinity of E laboll, meroly
keeping cut of sight in the day time.
Friday he ki)Ld an old nogro man and
seriously wounded his son. He open
ly admitted tho deed to some of his
relatives, and gave ashla reason tho
faot that the negro had told of the
plaoe where Simms was in the habit
of spending tho nights.
lt was for his latest orime that
Wednesday's Inquest was held. The
man who gave the most damaging
testimony against Simms immediate
ly left tho vicinity, fearing the ven
geance of tho murderer, aud numbers
jf negroes likewise are Hoeing from
tho country, bel?g in a state of abject
fear that thf>y, too, may beoomo vic
tims of Si jams' unerring riilo. A
posse, led by tho sheriff, is searching
Simms' haunts, with the intontion ot
caking him dead or alivj, li ho can bo
Simms is armed 'with a Wlnoheste*
and two revolvers. Ile is a sure shot.
Ho wai within sight of tito court
house, whore tho icq test was held,
but so great ls the terror his namo in
spires that none would daro KO to cap
ture him.
At tho hearing, Shoriff James Par
rish, upbraided thoso who have beenN -.
giving food r.ud s miter to the outlaw
A dispatch from Ellabtlle, Ga., /
says that Will E. Sims, the desporadu
who has terrorized Bryan couuty,
Thursday afternoon paid tho penalty
for killing Conduotor Julius Ltnds
burg, of the Seaboard Air Line. Ho
ls alleged, too, *o have killed Jamos
Perry, a negro.
SheriiT Parish and Deputes Gibson
and Dukos of this county, followed
Sims Into Liberty county this morn
ing. They found him at the homo of
a man named Parker, his father-in
law. A child shouted the alarm to
Sims as the officers approached, ar.d
the outlaw sprang from tho be' In
whloh he was ?looping soizol his rill 3.
He Bred twice at Sheriff Parish, but
missed. Sheriff Parish fired once and
mis.ied, but Deputy Gibson's tlrttshot
struck Sims and he went lo his knee.
All tbrco officers continued to Ure
rapidly, and Sims sank to the ground.
Fourteen bullet wounds In his body
were shown by an elimination. Sims
killed Landsborg here because the
o inductor would not let him lido to
Savannah on his froight train. Perry
was killed, lt is allogcd, because Sims
had heard that tho negro had been
carrying reports about him to tho
oflbers. Thoro ls groa j belief in
Bryan county that Sims is no longer
allv? to threaten with death all who
oppose him.
ilroko Ills NcOk,
A dispatch from Waterloo, S. G., to
the Augusta .Chronlole says Mr. Van
B. Roberson, a promlnont farmer of
that place, was the vlotlm of a sad
and at thc samo timo peouliar acci
dent Mr. Roberson was helping
some hands load some cotton at bia
gin house when suddonly tho wagon
moved elf, throwing him to tho
ground on his head with terrlblo
force. Mr. Roblnsou was ploked up
und carried to his homo a few yards
away, and lt was found that his neck
was broken. Ho lived only a fow
minutes. Ho was a confodcrato sold
ier and esteemed by everyono. A wife
and throe children ur^'v '''na.
io.H I Kebber*
A man named J. M. Massey, claim
ing to ho from Atlanta, was convicted
of vagrancy at Oil Ot?n on Saturday
and aontenced to 30 days In Laurens
jab or a fine of $60, He took tho days.
Wneh searched a complote diagram of
tho Hailey bank was found lu his pook
ots- -leading to tho bollef that he is a
A destructivo cypnoon swept over
Manila on Monday, killing flvo per
ons, injuring 200 and rendering 8,000
h^tvt rtl??>?

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