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AGRICULTURAL MEET OPENS IN WASHINGTON President Harding Outlines to Conference Questions to Be Considered. Washington.—Attended by approxi mately 300 delegates representing ag riculture in all its phases and the in dustries related to farming, the na tional agricultural conference was con vened here Monday by Secretary Wal lace and Immediately heard President Harding’s address. The president, in an address touch ing upon the agricultural situation in detail, but without attempting to dic tate the course of the conference de cisions, outlined a half dozen broad questions. These briefly included : Practical development of the water resources of the country, both for transportation and power, including plans for electrification of the nation's railroads. Feasibility of the St. Law rence-Great Lakes waterway is tin questioned, the president- said. Development of- a thorough code of law and business procedure, with the proper machinery of finance, through some agency to Insure that turn-over capital shall be as generously supplied to the farmer as to other industries. Formation of co-operative loaning, buying and selling associations. Creations of instrumentalities -for collection and distribution of useful and true information, so as to pre vent violent fluctuations of markets. Methods for bringing about further reclamation, rehabilitation and exten sion of the agricultural area. Promotion of a new conception of the farmers’ place In the national, so cial and economic scheme. The president was followed by Sec retary Wallace, who declared the con ference had been called to consider the present agricultural depression amt remedies for it, and also the laying down of a permanent policy for the up building of a sustaining agriculture. At the close of his address he an nounced that Representative Ander son of Minnesota, chairman of the joint congressional inquiry commis sion. would act as permanent chair man of the conference and Dr. H. C. Taylor, chief of the bureau of markets and crop estimates, as executive sec retary. MAY PROHIBIT SHIPMENT OF ARMS INTO CHINA Plan Proposed As Means of Reducing Size of Armed Forces; Ameri cans Make Suggestion Washington.—As one means of giv ing effect to its declaration last week In favor of reduction of Chinese army rhe.arms conference Is considering an other resolution looking to prohibition of the importation <»f arms into China. The proposition emanated from the American delegation which went into Monday’s meeting of the far eastern conference prepared to present It fully. The sub-committee of the Chinese Eastern railroad also hud a proposal ready for consideration. The arms prohibition pian was be lieved acceptable to most of the dele gations of the powers* and it was in dicated also that the Chinese who heartily support**! the preceding reso lution regarding reduction of China’s army, would not interpose any objec tion. At the time of the settlement of the Boxer difficulties many yerrs ago, one of the conditions imposed upon China by the powers was that further impor tation of firearms Into China should be prohibited. This provision, how ever, Is said to have been “more hon ored In the breach than In the ob servance’’ and though, from time to time, mainly at the Instance of Japan, attention has been called to the ease with which various brigand and fac tional bands in China ’'ere able to se cure the latest firearms from abroad. Miller Recommended for Judgeship Washington.—The nomination of An drew Miller to be a federal judge for the district of North Dakota, was re committed Monday by the senate ju diciary committee to Its sub-committee, which a few hours earlier had returned a favorable report. Charges were said to have been filed against Mr. Miller at the full committee’s session. Zionist Celebrates 104th Birthday Zion. Ill.—Mrs. Bella King, oldest resident of Lake county. Monday cele brated her one hundred and fourth birthday. She was born In St. John’s, N. 8., Jan. 23, 1818. one of 11 children, rhe other 10 of whom are dead. She has a daughter, aged 82, living In Cali fornia. Sidney Rioters Loot Warehouse Sidney, N. S. —Rioters attacked property of the Dominion Coal com pany at New Aberdeen, near Glace Bay, looting several warehouses. Shots were fired during the disturbance. The trouble was reported to have started when 150 men entered the co operatlve store of the company and Inquired as to the terms on which credit would be extended to un employed miners. The store manager replied that the question of credit was beyond his jurisdiction. The raid on the store then began. RALPH TALITIKOFh A 'I in ten year-old Ralph Talitikoff. of ficials of the Unton League club of Chicago say they have a boy chess marvel, and a rival for Stanley Rzeschewski. the eight-year-old Polish wizard. BODY OF DEAD PONTIFF IS VIEWED BY THRONGS Body of Pope Benedict XV Lies in State in Historic Church; Many Cardinals Present Rome.—ln the bascilica of St. Peter’s historical church. the body of Pope Benedict XV lay In state Mjtday, while vast throngs passed reverently before the cataflaque. Early in the day all that was mortal of the late pontiff, whose death In the early hours of Sunday plunged the church throughout the world Into deep est mourning, was taken from lhe throne room of tlie Vatican, where It had been placed on Sunday after his death, and solemnly carried to St. Peter’* attended by a procession of cardinals, priests, members of the dip lomatic corps and dignitaries of th? Vatican, and placed on tli%» catalfaque, surrounded by the votive candles. Word was given that the public of Rome would be admitted to St. Peter’s up to 11 o’clock and immense crowds began entering the vast edifice arid filing by the body. The body is robed In white with stole and chasuble of red. embroidered with gold. The head, wearing the pontifical mitre, reposes upon cushions of red and gold velvet. The hands, wearing the pontifical gloves of purple silk and holding tlie rosary, are clasped over the breast. The body, ns it was solemnly brought Into St. Peter’s was borne upon a red covered bier by ushers clad in medie val customes. The procession was headed by the gendarmerie of the Vati can, the pontifical police, with their elaborate uniforms of blue and white, walking with drawn swords. Follow ing them were the palatlo guards In dark blue uniforms and plumes of black feathers standing erect. Os the cardinals who followed in the procession. Cardinal Gasquet alone was dressed in full black. Cardinals Fruehwlrt and Bofflanl stood out in the distinction of their white domini can robes, while the remainder of the cardinals, more than two score in num ber, due to the arrival of a number of lhe Italian cardinr’.s, wore the red of their rank. All moved with bowed heads, reciting their prayers and pro ceeding at a slow pace, their faces grave with the solemnity of the occa sion. Guards flanked the members of the sacred college. Then came the mem bers c.f tlie diplomatic corps In black mourning attire. The bishops and monsignori, numbering >nme 200, fell In behind, closing the long and solemn file. Conclave Called Rome. —The meeting of the sacred college in conclave to elect a success or to the late Pope Benedict will open February 1 or February 2. While all the cardinals resident In Europe are expected to reach Rome 1n time for the conclave, It Is considered extremely doubtful whether the Ameri can cardinals will find It possible to be present, at least for the opening of the session as the date selected Is bare ly 10 days away. Noted British Statesman Dies London.—Civil and official England Monday mourned the death of Vis count Bryce of Decbmont. who passed away nt Sldmouth. Announcement of the death of the noted statesman, au thor and diplomat was unexpected. Sweden’s Woman Aviator Killed Stockholm. —Elsa Anderson, the only Swedish woman to hold an aviator’s certificate, was killed at Askerhund Sunday. Four thousand spectators Sunday. Torguson Re-Elected Ski Head Chicago.—G. C. Torguson of Glen wood, Minn., was re-elected president of the National Ski association for the fourth time at Its annual convention held here Sunday. The association, which has been fighting professional skiing for 10 years, went on record as abolishing professional skiing. The change will not go Into effect until 1923, although the association hence forth will be strictly nn amateur or ganization, it was announced. The next convention will be held ’n Mlnne spoils. POPE BENEDICT XV SUCCUMBS TO_PNEUMQNIA Illness That Was Not at First Regarded as Serious Has Fatal Ending. PONTIFF HAD BRIEF REIGN Elevated to the P*»pal Throne in 1914, His Life Was Saddened by the Atro cities of the Great War—Or dained Priest in 1874. Rome, Jan. 21.—Benedict XV, the 259th sovereign pontiff of the Church of Rome, died late today at the Vati can. The end came after a day of ex treme agony and delirium, relieved at times by merciful periods of sleep. At one time during the dny there was slight hope that (he pope might survhe, ns he lapsed Into apparently restful ami refreshing slumber. This hope was shattered Inter when, on awakening, there was a return of pain and suffering. -• He had lapsed Into delirium earlier In'the day and failed Jo recognize any one at the b?dshle. and during the curly (tours of the forenoon death was expected within a few hours. The pope was in extreme weakness and restless. Lying with closed eyes, he mur mured "Pence, peace,’’ evidently allud ing suoconscionsly to the great mission of the pontificate In war time. Tragic Scene at Dawn. Other undistinguished messages fell from his lips from time to time, but his vitality bad sunk so low that he spoke in rhe weakest of whispers. The Jay dawned upon a tragic scene nt the Vatican. The papal court joined K i ■ ; W> ] Pope Benedict XV. the cardinals In prayer. Outside in the piazza of St. Peter’s a crowd of reverent men and women, mostly kneeling with faces heavenward, ut tered their, supplications for the recov ery of the Holy Father The four attending physicians did alt in their power to relieve his suffer ings, but they could hold out no hope for ultimate recovery. The strain was telling on all. In the anteroom off the Sick-chamber high prelates of the church, faces drawn with the agony of their sorrow, prayed without ces sation. Suffers Grezt Pain. At 8 a. m. the Holy Father was still breathing, but was in great pain and suffering agonized contractions of the throat. A brief bulletin was issued saying: “His holiness is weaker. The symp toms of pneumonia have extended.” By this time all hope had been aban doned and the most optimistic of the Vatican entourage hid come to realize that the end was a matter of hours if not minutes. Realizes Approach of End. When the pope lost consciousness lute Friday afternoon the attending physicians did not hesitate in express ing their fears that death was at hand. The pope had been sinking all day. due to inflammation of the lungs and weak heart action, but had retained consciousness. When he sank Into u state of cornu, after many hours of nut lent suffering, al! preparations had been made and all pre-death ceremo nies completed. Shortly before noon the Vatican an nounced that the pontiff had requested the Inst sacraments, realizing that he was dying. Throughout the afternoon he was kept alive by use of oxygen and arti ficial heart stimulants. At night the four physicians nt the pontifical bed side administered these restoratives at frequent intervals. Shortly after noon Mgn Zampanl administered the last sacrament. Cardinal Merry Del Vai, who. as cardinal chamberlain, asumes papal uuili<hh> uulH u avw pvpv is elevteu assumed permanent residence at tin Vatican. Cardinal Giorgi begun recitation of the prayers for tlie dying at 10o’clock Friday morning. This wus the official beginning of the grand penitentiarj ceremonial. At 11 o’clock t.fficlul notice of the grave condition of the Holy Father was sent to the Italian government. Cardinal Guspavrl was notified as soon as It was ascertained that the condition of Ills holiness was critical. The riiedinul. In teurs. hurried to the bedside of the pontiff. When the papal secretary of state arrived the pope was resting tran quilly and Immediately requested that the last sacraments be administered. His holiness was conscious and calm as Mgr. Zampinl read the ceremony The pope then continued fully con scious, but owing to his weakehed condition, only a small drop of holy water was placed oh his tongue. The few cardinals gathered about the pon tiffs bedside recited the Psalms in subdued tones while the ceremony lasted. The grand penitentiary of the sa cred college, surrounded by assistants, then approached the bedside and read to the pontiff the profession of faith as formulated by the Vatican and lhe Trent councils. Monks Recite Formulas. Cardinal Giorgi, after reading th? profession of faith, gave to the pon tiff tlie absolution in articulo mortis. As though to impress on every one within hearing lhe solemnity of the occasion, the words of the formula were pronounced slowly- The heads of all .the various re ligious orders In Rome then entered the slck-chmuber. One by one they bestowed on the po|>e the Indulgences of the various orders which each rep resented. Throughout tlie ceremony a profound silence pervaded the room which was broken only by lhe low voice of each aged monk as he recited the formula for his order. Following the ceremony the proces sion slowly returned to the Basilica of St. Peter. Only the domestic prel ates, whose duty It is to assist the pontiff until his death, remained around the sick man. Groups of nuns and monks belong ing to nearly ail of the religious or ders having convents or monasteries in Rome gathered in the space extend ing from the great bronze doors of the Vatican to the top of the Scala Regia, praying for the pope. HAD FILLED HIGH POSITIONS Pope Benedict Prominent in Church Counsels Before His Elevation to the Papal Throne. Pope, Benedict XV rose to the su preme head of the Catholic church Sept. 6, 1914, less than six months after he was elevated to the cardinal ship. He was born of noble parents at Pogli, near Genoa, Italy, Nov. 21, 1554. His father wus Marquis Delta Chlesn. Educated at Capronican college and the Academy of Ecclesiastics, he was ordained to the priesthood In 1878. He was taken to Madrid, Spain, by Cardinal Rampolhi, and for four years was secretary of the nunciature in Spain. In 190’ he was appointed con suitor of the holy office and In 1007 Pope Pius gave him the appointment of archbishop of the see of Bologna. He was made a cardinal In Muy. 1911. Pope Benedict was much affected by the horrors and sorrow of the World war and many times tried to bring about pence negotiations. GeHnnny’s violation of Belgium’s neutrality filled him with great sorrow and after the sinking of the Lusitania, he telegraph ed the German emperor telling his abhorrence of the deed. Pope Benedict’s first appeal for pence was Issued one week after his ebronation. The appeal failed to bring results, as did also his later plan for a Christmas truce. In January and In July, 1915, he again tried to bring about peace negotiations, in March, 1916, he repented his attempts and In May of the same year suggested that America should act ns conciliator be tween the warring nations. His note to President Wilson to this effect reached Washington when Germany and the United States were Involved In a diplomatic crisis. The Vatican ap proved of President Wilson’s pence note In 1917, but three months later the United States entered the war. The Pope’s most memorable appeal for peace was issued In his own hand writing on August 8, 1917, and asked belligerent rulers to end the struggle. During the peace conference hls pleas were Issued in behalf of weaker na tlcns. Just before the conference President Wilson had a private conference with Pope Benedict at the Vatican In which many questions of n social and Inter national nature were discusser!. The settlement of the 700-yenr-old Irish problem was received with great pleasure by the pope, who Issued n message congratulating the principals In the negotiations. History of Pope’s Illness. By Professor Battistlnl. chief medi cal adviser of the pope and head of the group of physicians attending him. Rome, Jan. 21. —The Holy Father’s Illness began on Tuesday.. Be at first suffered only from slight Inflammation of the bronchial tubes but unfortunate ly failed to pny sufficient attention to it with the result that the illness grad ually developed Into lung trouble. The Inflammatory process was very rapid so that while at first only the left lung was affected. It spread to tbs right lung yesterday morning. BARON HANS VON BELOW El Baron Hans von. Below, a German general during the war. was recently entertained in Washington by British officers, hls former foes; Baron and Baroness von Below intend tn take up residence in lhe United States. WILL NEGOTIATE RAILROAD WAGES ON DISTRICT BASIS Railway Executives Accept Proposal Offered by Railroad Brotherhoods Chicago?—Members of the Associa tion of Railway Executives Saturday accepted the proposal by the four rail road brotherhoods that their wages and working conditions be negotiated du a territorial basis. Resolution accompanying the pro posal favored the appointment of re gional committees to meet with the four brotherhoods “In a fair effort to compooe and adjust all points at Is sue, no restrictions to be Imposed an the consideration of any nnd all ques tions of wages and rules governing working conditions.’’ If a mutual understanding Is not reached lhe matter is to he referred to the railroad labor board. The resolutions provided that terri tories In addition to the eastern, south eastern and western, may be eatab lished if roads in such territories so desire or the railroads may deal di rectly with their employes. JEALOUS SPOUSE SHOOTS HUBBY AND STENOGRAPHER Philadelphia Woman Fires Upon Couple As They Enter Office; Both Die Philadelphia.—Oscar Rosier, owner and manager of the Rosier Advertising agency, and hls stenographer, Mildred G. Reckitt, Saturday were killed with a revolver by the former’s wife. Tlie shooting occurred in Rosier’s offices while he and his stenographer were alone in the front room. Jealousy, the police say. was responsible. After the tragedy,- Mrs. Rosier, screaming hys terically. begged the forgiveness of her husband. She had suspected the re lations of her husband and his stenog rapher for some time, police declared, and had concealed herself In hls of fice. After the shootlifg Mrs. Rosier broke down, hurrying from lhe offices. “I shot him because I loved him,” she cried, police declared. Both victims were a hos pital, but neither regained conscious ness. Mrs. Rosier was held by the police on a charge of attempted mudrer. She refused to make a statement. Bundy Is Sent to Philippines Washington.—Major General Omar Bundy has been relieved from his pres ent duty as commander general of the seventh corps area, Fort Crook, Neb., ind assigned to command of the Philip pines division, it was announced Sat urday at the war department. General Bundy will sail for the Phil ippines on March 1 and will report for duty immediately upon hls arrival there to Major General William Wright, newly assigned commanding general of the Philippines department. No successor to General Bundy as com nandcr in the seventh corps area has yet been assigned. One Killed In Wreck Ottawa, Ont. —One man was killed and nt least 12 persons were injured when the Canadian Pacific express from Prescott to Ottawa ran onto a broken rail and plunged over an em bankment. Noted Humorist Succumbs Atlantic City, N. J.—John Kondrlck Bangs, humorist and lecturer, died al a hospital here late Saturday of intes tinal trouble. Loot of Mail Robbery Found Detroit. —The finding here of $275,* 000 worth of negotiable bonds said to have been a part of lhe toot of a $600.- 1)00 mall robbery In Los Angeles nearly ti year ago. The bonds were found, It was said, In a house, the occupants of which were not aware of their value, the securities having been left in a package for safe keeping. No arrests had been made here and none wni likely to be made, It was said. Search for the bonds was carried on by postal inspectors and police who worked on Information from Los Angeles. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1H22. MINE WORKERS ASK FOR INCREASED PAY Demand 20 Per Cent Increase in Wages and Will Strike April 1 if not Granted. Shamokin, Pa.—The tH-state con tention of the anthracite mine work ers have adopted the recommendation of the scale committee demanding a 20 per cent Increase in wages fnr con tract miners and $1 a day for all day men K The convention hr,J before If a rer 'Huniendatton providing for a suspen sion of mining on April 1 in the event no satisfactory agivement has been reached by that date. The delegates also adopted a de mand that the proposed new agree ment to take -the place of the present Mae, which expires Mdrch 31, shall nbt exceed a period of two years nud pro hibiting the making of Individual igreements and contracts. This scale f’oinnilttee presented 19 proposed demands on the operator* ind three reeommendations to be car ried out by'the scale committee. Other demands provide for a uniform .vage scale so that various occupations »f like character shall command the <am<» wages; that the eight-hour clause n the present agreement shall be ap plied to all persons working in and iliout mines coming under the Juris ’lictlon of the mine worker* union; time and one-half for-nll overtime work nnd double lime for Sunday and holi day work; a standard check-off sys tem ; dead work to be paid for on a uniform consideration basis; that where coal is paid for by the car it shall be charged and payments made nn the legal ton basis and dockage eliminated; that carpenters and other tradesmen be paid the recognized standard rates existing in the regions which should not be less than 90 cento an hour; that In re-hiring men laid off. the seniority rule shall apply; that employes of stripping contracts be brought under the agreement ami that powder be delivered to the miners nt their working places. The recommendation that the acale committee be Instructed to “perfect ar rangements’’ for a suspension of min ing on April 1 in the event of an agree ment not being reached by that time, came as a surprise to some of the dele gates. It was expected by some that this would be left to the internal Inna I Policies committee which would not want its hands tied in negotiating with the operators. It was the custom in previous nego tiations to keep the men at work while negotiations were progressing favor ably and to make the agreement en tered into retroactive. There was no serious opposition to the 19 demands adopted or tu th*’? proposition to quit work April 1. The action taken by the convention will be referred to the international conven tion, which meets at Indig us [(Olis, Feb ruary 14. LEGION TO CONSTRUCT GALBRAITH MEMORIAL Executive‘Committee of American Le gion. Authorizes $15,000 Appropriation Indianapolis, Ind.—Construction of a memorial In Cincinnati to the late F. W. Galbraith, Jr., former national commander, was authorized ,by the American legion’s executive committee. An appropriation of $15,009 was au thorized. The committee also desig nated October 16 to 20 us the dates for the fourth annual convention at New Orleans. The first day of the conference was devoted to discussion of the plight of disables World war veterans un<! plans for their relief. The United States vet erans’ bureau was criticized by several speakers. Julius F. Lynch of Norfolk, Vs., de clared the trouble was not so much with the bureau, but that the bureau was left too much in the hands of Brig adier General Sawyer, President physician. General Sawyer was characterized by the speakers a« a man “who did not don the army uni form until two years after the armis tice was signed.” A resolution was adopted calling on the federal government to exert all its facilities In behalf of disabled veter ans and demanding an immediate set tlement of tong pending claims. Favor Poles in Vllna Election Warsaw. —Official returns of the Vllna elections Indicate that the Vllna diet will have 74 members who favor annexation to Poland, out of a total of 106. The opening of the diet has been fixed for ■— - ' California Orange Crop Freezes Los Angeles, Cal. Millions of oranges were frozen on the trees of southern California Friday night and severe, though yet undetermined dam age was suffered by citrus fruit grow era in many districts by the worst frost that has struck this region in nine years, according to officials of the growers’ organizations. Exactly what damage the frost will do depends large ly upon the sort of weather that suc ceeds It, growers said. If the weather warms up gradually, the crop toss will be less severe than otherwise.