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CARDINAL HAITI IS ELECTED POPE ARCHBISHOP OF MILAN IS NAMED SUCCESSOR TO POPE BENEDICT XV SELECTS NAME OF PIUS X! Report Current that Announcement of Election Delayed Out of Defer ence to American Cardinal Who Arrived One Hour Late Rome. —Cardinal Achille Ratti, arch bishop of Milan, was proclaimed elect eel pope in succession to the late Bene dict XV Monday morning. He has taken the name of Pius XI. The thousands waiting in front of St. Peters for the wisp of smoke which would tell of the election of a new pope or the failure of the sacred col lege to reach a decision, gave a mighty shout at 11:33 o’clock when a thin wisp of smoke came from the chimney leading from the sistine cltapel. It was then known that the Catholic church had once more a duly elected pontiff. As soon as two-thirds vote for Car dinal Ratti had been verified. Car dinal Vannuttelll, as dean of the sa cred college, arose and proceeded to the throne of the chosen one, accom panied on either side by Cardinals Logue and Blsletl, respectively, deans of the cardinal priests and the cardinal deacons. He was asked in Latin by Cardinal Vannuttelll, in accordance with custom, if he accepted the elec tion to the supreme pontiff, and the new pope answered with the formal: ‘since it is the will of God, I must obey.’ Then the purple canopies over the thrones of the cardinals were let down, one by one, until only that over the new pontiff, remained. This was done to show that the whole sacred college rendered obeisance to the new head of the church. Dean Vannuttelll there upon asked the new incumbent what name he chose to take during his pon tificate. and upon his reply “Pius XI,” Monsignor Sincero, secretary of the conclave, verified his election to the papel chair. The new pope then was escorted to the sistine chapel, where he discarded his cardinal’s robes, assisted by the conclavists, and the papal vestments which had been held in readiness since the opening of the conclave, were placed upon him. The pontiff, fully vested with the papal garb and accompanied by his cardinals, thereupon returned to the throne he had occupied in the sistine chapel. There the cardinals, according to their rank, made their first, act of adoration to his holiness, kissing of the pope’s feet and then his hands, after which the pope received them in em brace and bestowed upon them his first apostolic benediction. “Fisherman’s ring” was placed on his finger, and he left, the chapel, the whole assembly wending its , way through the sala ducale and the sola regia, along the loggias to the Sala Clementina, the pope’s official resi dence. All along the way he received the homage of the attaches who served during the conclave. Reports were current Sunday night that a new pope had been chosen, but that out of deference for America the announcement would he deferred until the arrival of Cardinal O’Connell of Boston Monday morning. Rome. —Cardinal O’Connell, arch bishop of Boston, arrived in Rome at 12:40 o’clock Monday afternoon, an hour after the new pope had been elected. 600 Take Independence Oath Dublin. Six hundred delegates, most of them youthful, representing women’s Sinn Fein organizations, re affirmed their allegiance to th? repub lic In a resolution Monday. They also called on the women of Ireland to sup port at the elections only candidates standing true to the republic pro claimed in 1916. and then asked them to join in re-imposing the boycott un less prisoners In northern Jails for po litical offenses are released. Applies Bonds on Income Tax Washington.—Secretary Mellon has Issued Instructions to Internal revenue collectors, it was announced Monday, to accept victory note* in payment of Income and profits taxes due March 15. Notes of either the 4% per cent or 3% per cent series will be taken as o result of the order which was issued under the provisions of the last tux low. Frisco Is Made Barley Market Washington.—Secretary Wallace an nounced Monday the designation of the San Frnnclsco chamber of commerce ns a contract market for barley and the designation of the Los Angeles grain exchange as a contract market for barley, sorghums and corn, within the meaning of the future trading act. Members of the two exchanges, there fore. wil’ be permitted to deal in con tracts so J future delivery of these com modities without being subject to the tax of 20 cents a bushel on each con tract for future delivery. GEN. GREGORIE SEMENOFF 1 • ',"l < Vw 4 - v wk Mph / J ' Gen. Gregorie Semenoff, head at one time of all the Russian Cossacks, was granted permission by the State de partment to spend six months in the United States. It is reported that he is coming here to make arrangements for considerable loans by American bankers to finance another anti-Bolshe vik revolution in Russia. SIGNING OF TREATY ENDS SHANTUNG CONTROVERSY Japan and China Sign Pact Contain ing 28 Articles; Japs Will With draw Troops Washington. The treaty between Japan and China embodying the set tlement of the Shantung controversy was signed late Saturday in the hall of the Americas at the Pan-American union by representatives of the two powers. Attendant on the signing were Ar thur J. Balfour, head of the British arms delegation and Secretary Hughes, whose good offices together with the lutercesion o f President Harding brought about settlement. The treaty was signed for Japan by Admiral Baron Kato, ambassador Side hara and Vice Foreign Minister Hani hara and for China by Minister Sze, Minister Koo and Chief Justice Wang. Tlwo copies of the treaty were signed and sealed, one to be deposited in Tokio and the other in Peking. The treaty comprises 28 articles and six annexes. Japan agrees, under ar ticle one, to “restore to China the for mer German leased territory of Klao chow” and in the subsequent articles and annexes provide for details of the restoration. Machinery is set up through a joint commission to be appointed by the Chinese and Japanese governments to make and carry out “detailed arrange ments” relating to the transfer of ad ministration and public properties, and to settle other matters requiring ad justment. The transfer is to be com pleted as soon as possible but in any case within six months of the coming into effect of the treaty. Japanese troops, Including those along the Tsingtao-Teinanfu railway are to be withdrawn from Shantung when the Chinese police or military are provided to take over the protec tion of the railway. This may be done In sections, the date in each instance to be arranged in advance between the Chinese and Japanese authorities and the complete withdrawal to be effected within three months If possible and not later than six months after signing of the treaty. The Japanese administration at Tsingtao is to be withdrawn if possible with the transfer of the administra tion of the leasehold and In any case within 30 days thereafter. 1 Three Are Killed In Ireland Dublin. —-Michael Collins, provisional president has Informed n deputation for Derry that the provisional govern ment intends to establish an advisory committee to counsel It on matters concerning northeast Ulster. Outrages continue, including shoot ings and robberies. Two “black and tan” constables were shot dead in Clare county. A farmer was killed by shots fired through the door of his house near Thurles. Kenyon Delays Resignation Des Moines. —Gov. N. E. Kendall has received a telegram from W. S. Kenyon stating that he will not re sign his seat in the United States sen ate to accept the appointment of cir cuit judge of the Eighth district until the constitutional question raised has been settled. Salla to Make Germany Dry New York.—Germany is the next country to go dry—if Emil Hohenthal of South Manchester, Conn., has his way. Hohenthal. who showed reporters n card describing him as “most worthy patriarch of the National Division, Son of Temperance,” and “national secretary of the Prohibition Founda tion of North America,” sailed Satur day for the announced purpose of striking steins from German hands. Then he expects to tackle England and Ireland. MRS. OBENGHAIN GOES ON TRIALFOR MURDER Is Alleged to Have Conspired With Arthur Burch For Mur der of J. B. Kennedy. Los Angeles.—The trial of Mrs. Madaiynne Obenchain. accused of the murder of J. Beltm. Kennedy, he for mer sweetheart, was on the calendar of the superior court here Monday. Mrs. Obenchain is charged with hav ing conspired with Arthur C. Burch, with whom she attended college at Evanston, 111., to slay Kennedy. Ken nedy was shot in Beverly Glen, near •here, on the night of August 5 last, it being alleged Burch did the shooting after Mrs. Obenchain lured Kennedy to the glen. Burch was placed on trial last November 21 and the jury was dis charged January 16 after disagreeing, the final ballot being 10 to 2 for con viction. Mrs. Obenchain, the prosecution con tended in the Burch trial, was the in stigator of the alleged plot, her motive being revenge because Kennedy had refused to marry her. The relations between the woman and Kennedy were established by means of letters identi fied as being in Mrs. Obenchain’s handwriting, and found in Kennedy’s room in a safe deposit box after his death on August 5 last. From these it developed that they became ac quainted in Los Angeles about five years ago. For two years a corres pondence continued, and letters writ ten during this time contained expres sions of warm affection, and two were signed “Mrs. J. Belton Kennedy.” UNEMPLOYMENT SITUATION SHOWS MARKED DECLINE Increase In Number of Workers in 40 of 65 Cities for January 4.2 Per Cent Washington. Unemployment de creased sharply in the United States during January, the department of la bor reported Monday and 4 Oper cent out of 65 cities and industrial centers had 4.2 per cent more workers on pay rolls January 31. The calculation was made from the reports of 1,428 con cerns normally smploying more than 500 people each. Nearly all industries, outside of steel, textiles and railroads, Increased their forces. In Detroit, center of the automobile industry, the increase was 89.9 per cent; In Sioux City, lowa, 21 per cent, and in San Francisco, 14.8 per ceut. Denver showed the largest decrease in employment with a drop in the num ber of employed of 43.7 per cent dur ing the month. While the results “fall to give any indication of the substantial improve ment in business activities predicted for January,” the report said, “the In crease in employment in metal pro ducts other than iron and steel and maintenance industries is the encour aging feature. “The feeling that there will be a de cided change for the better by early spring is manifested everywhere and seems to be based on real evidence of prosperity and not mere optimism.” LEWIS EXPECTS RAILROAD MEN TO ATTEND MEETING Springfield, 11l. —Sixteen national railroad unions including* the “big four” brotherhoods are expected by President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers to meet in joint con ference in response to his invitation, Mr. Lewis said Monday afternoon. “The conference will be called soon," Mr. Lewis added. The object of the conference, ac cording to President Lewis, will be to combine the forces of the railroad men and miners to prevent a reduction of wages. De Nicola May Form Cabinet Rome.—The task of forming a new cabinet was officially offered to En rico de Nicola, president of the cham ber of deputies, by King Victor Emanu el Monday. Signor de Nicola accepted the task in principle, stating he would give his majesty an official reply very soon. Arbuckle Trial Set March 13 San Francisco.—The court Monday set March 13 as the*date for the start ing of the third trial of Roscoe C. (Fatty) Arbuckle, motion picture star, on a charge of manslaughter. Leader of Boers Dead Bloemeontein, Union of Sou tn Africa. —Gen. Christian Dewet, commander-ln chief of the Boer forces In the war of 1899, died in the Dewetsdorp February Africans Would Form Republic Ixmdon. A resolution requesting those members of parliament now in Pretoria to prqclalm a provisional gov ernment and declare a republic was passed Monday fit a meeting of mine strikers in Johannesburg, according to dispatches to the Exchange Telegraph. Reservation Opened for Mining Washington.—A bill under which un allotted lands of the Fort Peck reser vation. Montana, could be leased for mining purposes was passed Monday by the house and sent to the senat®. HARDING ANNOUNCES GOVERNMENT SAVINGS Declares Receipts Will Exceed Expenditures as Result of Budget System. Washington.—Announcing prospects of surplus government receipts over expenditures this fiscal year as a result of economies •in administra tion, President Harding, speaking at the second business meeting of the government, declared he doubted “if any government in the world has made a more persistent and conscientious endeavor to cut down its expenditures and institute economies and restore sane and normal ways again,” than has the American government. The president and Director Dawes of the budget, who followed him, an nounced to the meeting, composed of more than a thousand government of ficials of high and low degree that di rect savings of $32,000,000 and Indi rect Ravings of more than .$104,000,000 had been accomplished In less than six months through the operation alone of the Jnidget bureau and co-ordinating agencies. Mr. Harding expressed the further opinion that the efforts on the part of the government toward econ omy had been reflected among the people at large. The president reiterated his oppo sition to deficiency appropriations and made a plea for an understanding among officials of the government that the common good, not departmental ad vantage is the end at which all of us must work. Discussing th? prospects of a surplus instead of a deficit as was generally expected, Mr. Harding appealed for a continuation of the careful and pains taking effort which had been made continuously during the first half of the year. The prospect of a surplus when com pared with the estimated deficiency of $24,500,000 outlined in the budget fig ures submitted to congress in Decem ber is certainly an occasion of much satisfaction to all of us. JURY IN SECOND TRIAL OF ARBUCKLE DISAGREES Vote Said to Have Stood 10 to 2 for Conviction; Case May Be Tried Again San Francisco. —The Jury failed to agree and was discharged in the sec ond trial of a manslaughter charge against Roscoe (Fatty) Arbuckle In connection with the death of Miss Vir ginia Rappe, motion picture actress. After the disagreement the jury re tired to the jury room. It was said the verdict was 10 to 2 for conviction. Foreman J. J. McElroy announced that the vote stood two to 10. He did not designate whether the majority was for conviction or acquittal. Arbuckle seemed downcast at the disagreement. Neither prosecution nor defense would announce its intentions regarding a new trial. The court room was crowded for the result of the jury’s deliberations. The jurors all seemed haggard and worn. Gavin McNab, chief defense counsel, said he would make a statement later. Announcement that the Jury stood 10 for conviction and two for acquittal was made by Leo Friedman, assistant district attorney and a lending prose cution counsel. Harry McGovern, bail iff. made the same announcement. “We expect to try the case again,” Friedman said. Trouble Over Boundary Looms London.—Sir James Craig, the Ulster premier, declared In a statement Sat urday that he had been told by Michael Oolllnß, head of the southern Ireland provisional government, at their con ference in Dublin, that Collins had made a promise of bringing into the Irish free state almost half of north ern Ireland including Fermanagh. Ty rone, large parts of Armagh and Down, and Londenderry city, Enniskillen and Newry. Sir James said he had suggested to Mr. Collins a week’s adjournment for consideration regarding tbe boundaries between Ulster and south Ireland, but thnt Collins had replied the differences separating them were so wide that postponement would be useless. 500 Ruble Note Worthless Moscow. —Five hundred ruble notes are no longer legal tender In Russia. A recent decree of the Moscow soviet government announces that hereafter street railways and other government institutions will nccept nothing less than thousand ruble notes. A thou sand ruble note Is worth half an Amer ican cent at the present legal rate of exchange. Legion Head Declines Seat Baltimore. —Hanford MacNlder, na tional commander of the American le gion. refused to accept appointment to the United States senate from lowa to succeed William 2. Kenyon. The announcement was made at a meeting of the Maryland executive committee of the legion nt which Col. MacNlder was present. MacNlder made no com ment. Colonel Bowie said Colonel Mac- Nlder declined the appointment to re main ut the head of the American le gion. stating that his Information came from a member of MacNlder’s party. CHARLES G. DAWES Gen. Charles G. Dawes intends to retire from the position of director of the budget, it is said, having success fully put the system into operation. This is the first posed photograph made of him since he became director. U. S.-ALASKAN RAIL LINE IS COMPLETED Ceremony of Driving "Golden Splk** Will Await Visit of President Harding Next Fall Anchorage. Alaska. —Completion of the 1,000-foot steel bridge nt Riley Creek 14 days ahead of schedule by a commission crew made possible the final coupling of steel on the Alaska government railroad Friday. The original date for bringing to gether of the steel had been set for February 10. Saturday a celebration was held at Nanana. at which a new observation car was christened. The ceremony of driving the “golden spike,” which had been originally planned for the date of completion will be deferred until some time during the proposed Alaskan trip of President Harding and Secretary Fall next sum mer. Closing of the last gap between ends of steel on the Alaska government rail road marks practical completion of one of the most difficult engineering projects undertaken by the United States government. With the placing in service of the Riley Creek bridge, last unit, with the exception K ©f th? steel bridge over the Tanana river at Nenana, through train service will be possible between Seward, at the head of Resurrection bay, to Fairbanks. 34 MEN ARE KILLED IN MINE EXPLOSIONS Nine Are Victime In Alabama Mine; Cause of Explosion In Pennsyl vania Mine Undetermined Birmingham. Ala. Nine convicts were killed from a local gas explosion in the Belle Ellen coal mine in Bibb county, according to reports received here by C. H. Nesbitt, state mine in spector. Nesbitt said he had only re ceived n meagre report on the accident, but that the superintendent of the mine told him the explosion was n local one. that nil the bodies had been recovered and that the mine was clear. Gates, Pa. —Twenty-five miners are known to have been killed In the ex plosion at the Gates mine of the H. C. Frick Coal A Coke company here. It was reported by the coal company officials, and there is a possibility that th? number of dead may reach 26. Thirty men were working in th? sec tion where the explosion occurred and four of them escaped. Sixteen of the dead were taken to a morgue at Mason Town. Six bodies remained at the bottom of the shaft awaiting the discovery of the three or four which remained burled under debris. The cause of the explosion, which occurred n mile and a half back in the workings has not V®®n determined. From the appearance of the bodies, it was indicated death had been caused by asphyxiation. Explorer to Rest on Island London. —The body of Sir Ernest Shackleton, which now is at Monte video, Uruguay, will be token to South Georgia island, to be burled there, ac cording to the Dally Mall. This de cision, the Mall attributes to Lady Shackleton, in deference to what she believes would have been the explor er’s wishes. Movie Director Found Dead Los Angeles.—Wm. D. Taylor, di rector In chief of one of the largest film companies operating here and nationally known In the moving picture Industry, was found dead nt his home here under circumstances that the po lice said Indicated murder. He had been shot through the neck the bullet ranging downward penetrated the heart. The wound, according to police, indicated that the charge was fired from behind by some person standing up, while Taylor was seated before a desk examining a cancelled check* WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1922. ARMS CONFERENCE COMPLETES WORK AGREEMENTS SIGNED FORMALLY AT LAST SESSION; PRESIDENT ADDRESSES DELEGATES TREATIES GIVEN APPROVAL Storms of Applause From Large Audi- ence Greets Signers of Peace Pacts; Conference Is Ad- journed Sine Die Washington. The history-making conference on limitation of armaments and far eastern questions came to its end Monday with the signing of treat ies and u farewell address by Presi- \ dent Harding. With its work characterized by Mr. Harding as “the first deliberate and effective expression of great powers, in the consciousness of peace, of war’s utter futility,” the great conference went to its niche of history to await the Judgments and developments of the future. In the great assembly hall of the Daughters of the American Revo lution, where ail its open sessions have been held, the delegates of the nine nations assembled marched in turn to a space at the great green baize table and affixed their signatures to the treaties and agreements which are all parts of the structure to lift from a war-worn world the burden of exces sive naval armaments, to promote the pence of the Pacific, to give a new bill of rights to China, and to remove from the far east, particularly, the clouds of war. And ns each delegate af fixed signatures ns plenipotentiaries pledging the honor of their respective nations to the good faith of the settle ments agreed upon, the great audience expressed the hopes of the world in its prolonged applause. At the conclusion of the ceremony of signing, President Harding deliv ered his address formally closing the conference as he formally had opened It a little more than 12 weeks ago. *lhe president, as he read slowly from his manuscript, frequently was halted by bursts of applause. At the conclusion of the address the Rev. Mr. Abernathy stepped forward and pro nounced tl>? benediction. “May it be in the heart of every na tion and every man,” he beseeched, ”to hasten the bringing of the era of good will.” \ The prayer ended. Secretary Hughes rapped with hIR gavel and Raid: “The conference is adjourned alne die.” THREE WAYS TO FINANCE BONUS BILL ARE PROPOSED Representative MacFadden Would Sell Refunded British Bonds to Provide Funds is Washington.—Three ways of financ ing the soldiers' bonus —a tax on 2.56 per cent beer. Increasing inheritance tax and the sal? of refunded British bonds—-were suggested to the house ways and means committee. Representative Stafford. Republican, Wisconsin, supporting the beer pro posal. estimated that a levy of $6 a barrel would yield more than $200,000,- 000 yearly. Representative Rnmeßeyer, Repub lican, urged increased inheritance taxes. Sales of enough British bonds to pay the bonus was recommended by Chair man MacFadden of the house banking committee. He did not agree with the conclusion of Secretary Mellon that the bonds would not bring ns much as American government bondß, arguing that they would yield a higher price because they would be backed by the double security of two great nations. Federal Judges Are Increased Washington.—An increase of 13 In the number of United States district judges was agreed upon Monday by the senate judiciary committee as a means of relieving the congestion In the na tion’s federal courts. The new judge ships will be distributed under the com mittee's recommendation on Ihe basis of one each to the following districts: Massachusetts, eastern New York, southern New York, eastern Pennsyl vania. northern Texas, eastern Michi gan. northern Ohio, middle Tennessee, northern Illinois. Minnesota, northern California, northern Georgia and Ari zona. Small’s Trial Set March 6 Waukegan. ID.—Judge Clair C. Ed wards has set the trial of Gov. Len Small to start March 6. The state asked for 50 jurors a day at the start. Radicals Given Heavy Penalty Duluth.-—The maximum sentence of .SI,OOO fine or a year’s Imprisonment, was imposed upon Tobias Kekkonen by Judge H. A. Dancer In district court Saturday. Kekkonen was found guilty on a charge of teaching and advocating criminal syndicalism by a Jury before Judge Dancer March 27, 1921. He was alleged to have been editor of a newspaper published by the Work ers Socialist Publishing company, In which an article headed “The Workers of America Must Become Revolution ary” was printed.