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BLAME WAR FOR MANY SUICIDES SAVE-A-LIFE LEAGUE ESTIMATES 20,000 LIVES WERE TAKEN DURING 1921 BIG REDUCTIOnIs PREDICTED 858 Children, 76 Millionaires, 21 Preachers, 98 Bankers Are In cluded in List for 1921; Ger many Leads World. New York.—Reaction following tht war was blamed tonight by the Save- A-Llfe league for the large num ber of suicides In 1921, 20,009 of which were estimated to have taken place in this country. The number of cases brought to the league's attention was 12.144, of which 8.410 were males and 3.734 females. ‘This waste of life, the result of recent disturbed economic conditions, and the aftermath of war,” said a re port by Harry M. Warren, president of the league, “has caused commercial failures, loss pf employment and much real suffering. The growing complex ity of our modern life, the feverish un rest, crimes, divorces, questionable dress, unhappy home relations, the de cline of religious sentiment, and other things have caused deranged depression and less self control. With improved business which is sure to come, the suicide rate will be reduced and prosperity and happiness will re turn.” One of the striking features of the report is the increase in rhe number of suicides of children which was 477 in 1919; 707 In 1920 and 858 in 1921. There also were 509 war veterans among the suicides last year. All classes of society were included in the list of those who took their own Ilves. There were 10 editors. 40 stu dents, 51 school teachers, 21 clergy men, 39 brokers. 57 judges and lawyers, H 6 physicians, 7 mayors. 88 heads of large corporations, 76 millionaires, 30 wealthy women and 93 bankers, in cluding 37 bank presidents. The old est suicide was 100 years old and the youngest five years. Ireland has fewer suicides than any other country on earth, Mr. Warren declared in his comment on world con ditions. Germany leads the world, es pecially in child suicide. THREE WOMEN DIE IN 810 FACTORY BLAZE Flames Spread Rapidly to Adjoining Buildings; Damage Estimated at $400,000 Waupun, Wis.—Three women were burned to death, two large factory buildings burned to the ground, one residence was demolished and many buildings damaged by a disastrous fire which raged here. The women cremated in the factory were Mrs. Howard Carney, 27: Mrs. Kmma Michaels. 40. and Miss Bessie Koekoek. 22. Searchers recovered the charred bodies of Mrs. Carney and Miss Koekuk. The body of Mrs. Car ney was Identified by a wedding ring. The file broke out on the second floor of the C. A. Shaler Vulcanizing com pany. following an explosion. The loss there was estimated at $350,000. Howard Carney, husband of the woman whose body was recovered, was saved by firemen after he had clung for 10 minutes to a burning window sill on the third floor of the building. Nearly 30 families moved furniture from their homes to avoid the flames. The total loss in the fire was estimated at $400,000. Chile and Peru Settle Dispute. Buenos Aires. —The presidents of Chile and Peru have reached a secret agreement for a settlement of the vex ed Tacna-Arica question, which has been disturbing their countries for the last 40 years, says La Razon. This agreement would provide that Chile would return to Peru full domin ion and sovereignty over the province of Tacna, while Peru would surrender all claims to the province of Arica. Alabama Town Swept by Cyclone Selma, Ala. —Five negroes were wore killed, several Injured and a great property loss caused by a cyclone which struck the town of Camden last night, according to meagre information reaching Selma today. Cabinet of Poland Resigns Warsaw. —The cabinet of Premier Ponikowskl has resigned after failure of the negotiations with the Vllna delegation on the text of an act of annexation of the region of Vllna to Poland. Woman Sought for Theft Boston. —Miss Elizabeth Kenny. 33 years old. housekeeper and bookkeeper for Warren J. Wright, 70, town treas urer of Norfield, is being sought in Boston. Detectives had a warrant for her arrest, charging her with larceny of SIO,OOO of the town’s money. State auditors said the shortage would amount to $20,000. Owing to his fall ing sight, Mr. Wright had allowed his housekeeper to look after his books, some of which were said to have been destroyed when lightning struck the house in 1920. MISS JEAN G. KENNEDY I';- x v Jr f\ > f / /' Miss Jean G. Kennedy of Omaha, Neb., a student at Mount Holyoke col lege, South Hadley, Mass., class of 23, has been elected one of the four student delegates from the United States to the World Student Chris tian federation Conference in Peking, China, which will be opened next April. Miss Kennedy was elected by the Na tional Y. W. C. A. to represent 21 colleges, including all the large col leges for women in the East. MANY HEAR GRIFFITH’S PLEA FOR FREE STATE Perfect Order is Maintained as Drive for Anglo-Irish Treaty Opens in Dublin. Dublin.—The crowds which gath ered today for the .opening of the campaign in favor of acceptance of the Anglo-Irish treaty were notable not only because of their vast propor tions, but also because of the high de gree of enthusiasm evinced. The orators, in addition to Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, Included Joseph McGrath, minister of labor, William Cosgrove, minister for home affairs, and other leaders in the pro visional government. Two platforms weer constantly employed by the speakers. With the exception of a minor flag Incident, when girls and women tore down a Free State trl-color, perfect order was maintained by the Republi can police. Mr. Collins, in a long speech, de fended the treaty. He asserted that once the free state was established, the union of northeast Ulster with the re mainder of Ireland was certain. He expressed determination to proceed to the establishment of a police force, de spite the warnings of Eamon DeValera. It would not be a political force to pro tect any special election, but would be for the protection of every citizen in Ireland. Mr. Griffith’s address was brief. Both he and Mr. Collins pointed to the British troops leaving Ireland as being proof that Ireland has not been be trayed. The position in the northeast. Mr. Collins said, was not ideal, but there were only two alternative Issues — coercion or conciliation. Whichever alternative was adopted must be adopted whole-heartedly. All were agreed against coercion, but the treaty contained forces for persuasion which would bring the northeast Into bank ruptcy if it stayed out of the free state. Mt. Vesuvius in Eruption Again. Naples.—Mount Vesuvius again Is in eruption. The phenomenon began with two mild shocks of earthquake which were followed by the collapse of the eruptive cone, 200 feet high, which stood Inside the crater. The fall of the cone was accompa nied by rumblings and explosions and the throwing out of ashes and incan descent stones. Liquid lava poured out from the crater In streams and in the 24 hours since the disturbance be gan, lava has covered an area of 100,000 square feet. The temperature of this molten mass Ir 2,000 degrees Fahrelnheit. Professor Mall Adair, director of the observa tory on Vesuvius, descended Into the crater at the beginning of the erup tion. T*lie heat scorched his face. Debs To Again Lead His Party. Cleveland, Ohio. —Eugene V. Debs, three times presidential candidate on the Socialist ticket, will return to ac tive leadership of that party at the national convention here April 29 to May 2. it was announced at the state convention of the Socialist party here today. Hong Kong Under Martial Law. Manilla.—Martial law has been de clared in Hong Kong and the port has been closed as a result of the strike of Chinese seamen, according to un official advices received here today by British Consul General Harrington. A dispatch received from Hong Kong by the United States shipping board office here said one man was killed and eight were wounded in a fight be tween strikers and the police there yesterday. The dispatch did not say whether the casualties were strikers or police. CONGRESS STARTS TO BREAK JAM OF BILLS Bonus, Tariff, Subsidy, Treaties and Scores of Others Force Length* ening of Session. Washington.—The second year of the Harding administration' finds con gress grappling with arms conference treaties, the soldiers bonus, tariff, ship subsidy, appropriation bills and scores of other measures, with the Novem ber elections waiting to act as a prob able scale to determine the political success of the results achieved. In the fact of the almost daily length ening program. Republican leaders vir tually have forgotten their previous June adjournment goal and now are talking of July as the windup date. The treaties are to be paramount in the senate and the bonus bill In the house, broadly speaking, during the next few weeks. Republican leaders hope to dispose of all of the treaties before taking up the tariff or bonus bills in the senate. Appropriation bills, administration spokesmen declare, are advanced more than usual at this date due to the operation of the new budget system, but much delay on the army and navy appropriation measures is expected. The first administration broadside in behalf of the four power Pacific treaties is to come tomorrow in the senate from Senator New of Indiana, Republican member of the foreign re lations committee and confidant of President Harding. During the week opponents also expect to get into ac tion, but the real fight, over reserva tions, now is “under the surface” with prospects of it not reaching tlie open floor for several weeks. The compromise soldiers bonus mea sure drafted by Republican members of the house ways and means commit tee is to be laid before the full com mittee this week and possibly brought before party conferences. That ma terial changes yet may face the bonus legislation before it is finally evolved is being predicted widely. BANK PRESIBENT GETS 10 YEARS FOR EMBEZZLEMENT Says Offense Was “One of the Head, Not One of the Heart;” $200,000 Missing. Omaha.—W. V. Mathews, formerly president of the now' defunct Pioneer State bank of Omaha, was sentenced to serve from one to 10 years in state prison today by District Judge Leslie before whom he recently pleaded guil ty to a charge of embezzling $200,000 of the bank’s funds. Mathews was Indicted on three counts, charging embezzlement of S3OO -by a special grand jury that in vestigated stock and other financial transactions. When arraigned Febru ary 20, he pleaded guilty to one count alleging he embezzled $200,000 and the state dropped the other charges. He expressed a desire to be taken to the state penitentiary at Lincoln at 1 o’clock this afternoon. The alleged offense which Mr. Mathews was con victed of was “one of the head and not one of the heart,” he said. Mr. Mathews maintains that land of the timber concern in West Vir ginia, which secures the bonds, is val uable and that in time may prove of sufficient value to redeem bonds held by the securities company now defunct, and proved a means of clearing up the loss occasioned by the failure of the bank. The timber concern is incorporated in Delaware. The bank was closed in 1921 and, ac cording to a statement made by Mr. Mathews’ counsel recently, the bonds would have been marketable had times been good. “But times got bad,” he added, “and the bank failed.” German States Plan Union. Dresden. —The German states of Saxony, Brunswick and Thuringia con template establishment of a union to further their common interests with out imparing their separate Independ ence. These three states now have socialist governments. A meeting of officials has been held recently and it w*as decided to establish an office, jointly supported, to promote the com mon welfare. The office will have to do essentially with labor problems, but inquiry will be made of other German governed states for opinlops as to’the practicability of a “league of socialist states.” New Envoy Takes Position. Mexico City.—Claude I. Dawson to day assumed nfs datles as United States consul general In Mexico. He succeeds Cornelius Ferris, Jr., who has been acting consul general for nearly two yearn. 110 Charged with Trade Restraint. Washington.—A formal complaint has been filed by Secretary Wallace, acting under the power given him in the packers and stockyards’ act, against every livestock commission firm holding membership In the St. Louis livestock exchange, and against the principle “order buyers,” dealers and traders at the St. Louis National stockyards, charging them with main taining a boycott against commission houses not members of the exchange. The defendants, numbering about 110. have been cited to appear March 20. 16 KILLED WHEN TRAIN HITS BUS New York Central Express Crashes Into Car and Strews Bodies Along Right of Way Cleveland.—Sixteen persons were killed and approximately a dozen in jured when New York Central express train No. 600, eastbound, crushed into a motor but at the Saint Clair cross ing in Painesville. All are believed to have been residents of Painesville and Fairport, between which cities the bus operated. Dead and dying were hurled along the railroad right of way for several hundred feet. Three of the dead were found on the locomotive pilot when the train, in charge of Engineer F. S. Fernandez of Buffalo, and Conductor G. Ernst, was brought from Its 60- mile an hour pace to a halt, about three blocks from the scene of the collision. Most of those killed hud left a dance hall in Painesville less than an hour before the crash, while others ha 1 attended a lodge meeting. An explosion of the gasoline tank of the machine set fire to the debris and several bodies were badly burned. The bus was making its last trip for the night. A. W. Barnes, crossing watchman, declared he flagged the driver. A declaration by Chester Par rish. manager of the bus line, that a large oil tank obstructed Driver Adam’s view of the approaching train, was discounted by Carl Sullivan, one of the injured. AGREEMENT ON BONUS PLAN IS ONANIMOOS Measure Has Long Road to Travel Before Being Submitted; Will Be Expedited Washington.—Unanimous agreement on a compromise soldiers’ bonus bill along the general lines outlined of ficially yesterday, was reached today by house ways and means committee Republicans, who believe they have found a solution of the problem which has been giving administration and congressional loaders concern for several weeks. The revised measure, however, still had a long road to travel before It reaches the statute books. As now drawn, the bill provides for 'ash payments only to those men whose adjusted service pay would not exceed SSO, and these four optional features: Adjusted service certificates with an added loan provision which would enable the men to obtain immediately from banks a sum equal to 50 per cent of the adjusted service pay; vocational training, home and farm aid, and land settlement. In working out details of the certifi cate loan provision, which was sug gnsted originally by Representative Bowers, Republican, of West Virginia, the majority committeemen reduced the face value of the certificate, which would be the amount of the adjusted service pay plus 25 per cent, plus in terest at 4% per cent, compounded an nually. instead of the service pay. plus 40 per cent, plus the Interest as originally proposed. It was thought this would regulf In a saving to the government up to a possible maxi mum of $500,000,000. Banks in making loans on the cer tificates could not charge an interest rate in excess of 2 per cent above the rediscount rate charged by the regional federal reserve bank on 90-day paper In the district where the loan was made, and they could not make the loans for a period in excess of three years from the date of the certificate, which would not be re-discounted by federal banks. Crop Reports by Wireless Chicago.—The farmer following his furrow’ need be no more than 30 min utes behind his city brother In receiv ing news of the factors which deter mine the price of agricultural prod ucts. Robert McDougal, president of the Chicago board of trade said in outlining the board’s plans to broad cast crop market reports by radio telephone. The radio system which rovers a territory within a radius of 500 miles of Chicago was character? Ized by President McDougal ns the greatest step In 2.000 years In bring ing the farmer in contact with the fac tors that make the price of his prod uct. The sending out of crop reports began on March 6. Dutch Steamer Escapes Rocks Norfolk. Va. —The Dutch steamer Baanl, outbound from Baltimore, which went ashore today in a dense fog nt the eastern entrance of Middlegrounds five miles northeast of Cape Henry, floated herself this afternoon without sustaining damage. Threaten to Tar Governor Anetln, Texes. —Governor Neff has received a letter threatening him with i coat of tar and feathers If he visits Mexia again. The letter was dat*d it Fort Worth and signed “The Gun o!ub.” The governor said he paid no attention to the letter and that he would go anywhere his duties carried him. Rockefeller Gives $1,881,666 New York. —The Rockefeller foun flatlon recently distributed $1,881,666 to American schools and colleges. DR. HUBERT WORK < x '' 1 ■ mK Jl® HttW Dr. Hubert Work, recently appoint ed postmaster general to succeed Will Hays. He took over his new po sition March 4. the date Mr. Hays’ resignation took effect. Dr. Work was serving as first assistant post master general at the time of his ap pointment. ROBERT WORK IS NEW POSTMASTER GENERAL Colorado* Man Takes Office March 4; Appointment no Surprise at Washington. Washington.—Dr. Hubert Work has succeeded Will Hays as head of the postoffice department. Dr. Work, whose home Is Pueblo, Colo., took over the postofflce port folio March 4. when the resignation of Mr. Hays became effective. The nomination of Dr. Work has been con firmed by the senate. Final announcement of the designa tion of Dr. Work came as no surprise, his name having been connected with the office since the prospective retire ment of Mr. Hays was announced sev eral weeks ago. The elevation of the Coloradoan to the postmaster generalship will leave the position of first and second assis tant postmasters general to be filled, E. H. Shaughnessy, who was second assistant postmaster general having lost his life in the Knickerbocker theatbr disaster. Dr. Work conferred with President Harding Saturday over the question of the two assistants, but it was indi cated that no decision had been reached. WOMAN IS GIVEN SEAT IN HOUSE GF LORDS Lady Ghondda Will Be First Woman to Sit in Upper House of British Parliament London. —The petition of Lady Rhondda to sit in tlie house of birds has been granted by the committee on privileges of the house of lords. If she takes the seat awarded her by the ruling she will be the first woman to sit in the upper house of the Brit ish parliament as Lady Astor was In the lower chamber. Lady Rhondda is the daughter of Viscount Rhondda, Great Britain’s war-time food controller, who died in 1918 from an illness brought on by overwork. His only child w’as the daughter, wife of Sir Humphrey Mack worth. Lord Donoughbore presided over the committee. After Lady Rhondda’s right to the present title was established her coun sel argued that the sex disqualification removal act clearly applied to a case like the present, and that the disabili ty feature in the past now being re moved, Lady Rhondda was entitled to sit In (he house of lords. After further argument the attorney general, on behalf of the crown, said he raised no objection to the petition, which was therefore granted. Interviewed after the decision, Lady Phondda expressed her delight that the case had gone in her favor. Canadian Vets Head Dies Vancouver, B. C. —Maj. B. C. Thom as, Dominion president of the Imper ial War veterans in Canada and vice president of the local branch died -suddenly at his home here. lie was born In England 58 years ago. served in the South African wars and In the World war with the North-Umberland Fuslleers. 41 Brokers are Indicted New York.—With 41 New York stock brokers under Indictment for bucket shopping or grand larceny, following failures of the last few weeks, W. S. Silkworth, president of the Consolidated Stock Exchange, has offered his support In obtaining leg islation that would compel brokers to be licensed. He urges passages of the Dugan-Betts “blue sky” bill, which was advocated at a legislative hearing in Albany recently, and op posed by Seymour L. Cromwell, pres ident of the New York stock exchange. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1922. Civil COBFUBT BREAKS 111 FIUME FASCIST! ATTACKS GOVERNMENT PALACE WITH GRENADES AND MACHINE GUNS NEW GOVERNMENT IS FORMED Italy Masses Troops About City to Prevent New Outbreak; Cabinet Discusses Way of Ousting In surgents; Crusler Is Sent Flume.—The city of Flume and Its environs were In a state of terror to day. The renewal of conflicts be tween Fascist! and the local police resulted in the death of one of the Fascistl and the wounding of a score of participants of both factions. today occupied the gov ernment palace in an effort to restore order but the conflict between the Fas cist! and the police in efforts to dis arm each other still continues. The government palace was stormed late last night by militarized compa nies of Fascist! who bombed the build ing, exploding at least 100 grenades in an effort to force President Zanella to vacate. A pitched battle lasting two hours occurred in the suburbs of Dro nova and it was here that most of the combatants were wounded. The renewed outbreaks were occa sioned when a member of the Fascist! named Fontana was shot and killed in the street. His companions claimed lie was a victim of an assault by the local police. Rome. —Italian fascistl and former D’Annunzio legionnaires have installed a government at Flume after their coup of yesterday when thew forced President Zanella to relinquish office. The new provisional government Is composed of former members of D’Annunzio's national council. Italian carabineers are doing police service in the city, while battalions of troops are massed w’ithln the con fines of Flume, ready to check further outbreaks. The crusler Mlrabello, which formed a part ot the fleet of D’Annunzio when he held the city, has been ordered to Flume. Zanella, who was chosen to head the Flume govern ment by an overwhelming majority In the elections last April, refuses to leave his native city. Premier Facta and Foreign Minis ter Srhanzer met today to discuss how to oust the insurgents. The govern ment this evening sent Commendatore Astelll to Flume as a special commis sioner with instructions to try to straighten out the situation. MEXICO CITY PEOPLE WANT STRIKE ENDED Capital Is in Scmi-darkness; Aak Government Intervention; Guard Water Supply Mexico City.—The seriousness of the electricians’ strike, which has tied up street car service, shut off pow’er in various sections of the city and today put Mexico on meagre water rations has now become apparent and the papers are demanding that the govern ment take energetic steps to settle the controversy before the strike spreads. Although the striking members of the electrical union have not been able to bring total darkness to Mexi co because soldier guards have been stationed at several auxiliary plants, business affairs have suffered severe ly during the last few days on account of the uncertain situation. Fear of disorders have caused the government to provide several aux iliary plants with machine gun de tachments. No casuallties through the strike have been reported. The main power plant at Necaxa is still functioning, but the strikers have succeeded in cutting several Interme diary stations, thus shutting off power in various sections of the city, A dlmishlng water supply is most feared by the capital and unless an agreement Is reached It is expected the city will be virtually without wa ter, light and power. Novia Scotia Miners May Strike Sydney. N. 8. —Possibility of n strike of 12,000 coal miners loomed today when J. B. McLachlan, secretary treasurer and two district board mem bers of District No. 26, United Mine Workers of America, refused to sign a letter advising the miners to ac cept ft wage offer made by the Brit ish Empire Steel corporation. Will Revive Law Institute Havana. —Plans of the American Institute of International Law, to draw closer republics of the western hemis phere. a work Interrupted by tho World War, are being revived by the council of direction of that organiza tion at a series of meetings now be Ing held In Havana. A meeting of delegates from all the 21 republics represented in the Institute, accord ing to Its president, James Brown Scott of Washlntgon, will be held this fall In one of the Latin-American cap itals.