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AZJiliWli ■! 'll OawßW ■r - ** - I I \ > / Jlki P* -g- ffi-ty' ? | By JESSIE DELL (Historian, Quartermaster Corps, United* States Army.) big army transport, with its solemn cargo, • fljfl slowly and majestically steams up New York hnrbor « into tlle historic Hudson, and home is again reached 1 ■H bringing home more than a thousand soldier dead. With her arrival the solemn duty of the quartermaster corps of the United States army of bringing home the soldier dead nears completion. More than 44,000 have been returned for burial in their home land. About 32,000 will sleep forever overseas, according to the wish of their next of kin. f And this is the way of their coming home of those who are to sleep for ever in their homeland. Faying its tribute of honor to the memory of these heroes who are near ing the end of “the last journey,” the Flag slot s half-masted from New York’s great buildings; from vessels In the harbor. As the slip moors at the pier in Hoboken, she is met by the military guard of honor, two com panies of the famous Thirteenth Unit ed States Infantry, and by all officers and civilians on duty in the graves registration offices In Hoboken. Hundreds of selected men under the personal supervision of our officers and soldiers commence the work of removing the bodies from the ship and conveying them by means of electric trucks to the designated places on “The Pier of the Dead.” A flag is then draped over each one and stays there until the coffin Is lowered Into its final grave, when the emblem Is re moved and given to the relatives. As soon as the bodies are at rest on “The Pier of the Dead” the name of each Is listed. Then a telegram is sent by the quartermaster corps offi cer in charge at Hoboken, to the near est of kin, announcing the arrival of Hie body and requesting a reply con firming the shipping instructions pre viously given to that office. When this Is received qt Hoboken, acknowledg ment is promptly made by mall. If, on the other hand, no reply is received to the first telegram, a sec ond one is sent and if within a reason able time no reply comes, the failure is immediately telegraphed to the cemeterlal division at Washington for their help in locating relatives. After all attempts of the cemeterlal division are futile, the Hoboken office is directed to have the body sent to Washington for interment in the Ar lington National cemetery. Fortunate ly. but tew ul such cases have oc curred. The officer in charge at Hoboken, in addition to his other duties, co operates with the committees repre senting the American Legion, the Veterans of Foreign Wars, and other patriotic organizations, in arranging memorial services to be held for the dead arriving on each transport. These ceremonies are most hnpres- Permanent Teeth When your permanent teeth are all In place nature has finished her tooth job. You have your share of teeth and If you don’t take care of them you will either have to do without teeth or use artificial ones. Who wants to do without teeth? Certainly you and we don’t. Besides, It is not very pleasant to have them taken out. Your permanent teeth are a wonder ful mechanism. They masticate your sive. The military guard of honor stands at “attention” as distinguished men eulogize the dead. The President of the United States, the secretary of war and other members of the cab inet, committees of congress, the chief of staff and other general officers, as well as thousands of relatives and friends have attended these memorial ceremonies. Relatives from every state in the Union, even from far-away Alaska, have come to Hoboken to meet their boys on “The Pier of the Dead.” As soon as possible after notifying relatives of the return of a 6ody, prep arations are made for shipment to its final destination. A telegram goes from the transportation division of’ the Hoboken office to the nearest of kin. advising of the departure of the body from Hoboken, the hour due for ar rival, and the railroad by which it is sent. When no relative or authorized friend comes to receive and accom pany the body to Its destination. It Is placed in charge of a military escort who remain as guard until the destina tion Is reached and the body Is formal ly turned over to the family. Another matter given careful atten tion Is in providing the escort to ac company the body home. One soldier is selected who can speak the language of the family to whom he is taking It. It Is the duty of this military escort to obtain the written receipt for the body.' and the -burial certificate. These records are exceedingly important and are carefully preserved in the ceme terlal division, because the war risk bureau calls on the division for cer tification that the funeral has taken place, and on these records depends the authority for that bureau to re imburse relatives for funeral expenses incurred by them. It Is to be noted that the quartermaster corps bears al) expenses up to the point of turning over the body to the nearest of kin, at Its final destination. Sometimes many bodies are to be sent to the same city; in these cases a special train is provided for the pur pose and a military escort for each car. Again it may be that trains leav ing Hoboken carry many bodies whose destinations are in several states. In such cases, bodies are segregated ac cording to state and placed in cars which will convey them to the dis tribution point for that state. There are sixteen of these distribu tion points: Atlanta. Ga.; Arlington. Va.; Cheyenne. Wyo.; Chicago. III.; Columbia, S. C.; Columbus. O.; De troit, Mich.; El Paso, Tex.; Little Rock, Ark.; Louisville. Ky.; Omaha. Neb.; Portland. Ore.; San Antonio. Tex.; San Francisco. Cal.; St. Paul, Minn., and Washington, D. C. At the railroad station at each of these points, the cemeterlal division has Its representative who keeps In close touch with the nearest army post or camp from which a detail of soldiers for escort Is provided to receive the trains bearing the dead. From this point each body has its military escort, and If requested, fir ing squads are furnished for the funeral, provided It can he arranged without too great cost of transporta- food, give shape and expression to your face and distinctness to your voice. The loss of eveii one tooth Is a very serious Injury, but the loss of more than one is a calamity. The longer you live the more you need your teeth.—National Dental Associa tion Journal. Words of R. L. Stevenson. The following words of Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1394), have been placed on a mural monument erected to his memory in St. Giles* tion to the government, or without in terfering with the duties of the men composing the firing squad. During the past year there have been 2,364 of our overseas* dead In terred in beautiful Arlington National cemetery. Telegrams announcing the date on which interments will take place In Arlington, are sent to relatives by the chief of the cemeterlal division who further advises that should they at tend the funeral ceremonies, and should they so desire, all Information and assistance concerning hotel accom modation und transportation to Arling ton will be fiiven them by the Travel ers’ Aid society representatives who are on duty in the Union station in Washington. The splendid, efficient and sympa thetic assistance of tills society has been a blessing to the relatives of the dead. The District of Columbia chapter of the Red Cross, at their headquarters on Jackson square, receive all the out of-town relatives and friends who come to attend these services, and on Mondays and Thursdays, special luncheons are served for them. They also provide motorbus transportation to Arlington cemetery and return. The interest of the Red Cross does not stop there, for it has made special arrangement with the quartermaster general and the cemeterlal division to have large canvas tcuts pitched at or near the places where the burials take place. Several women representing the Red Cross are always in these tents to receive the relatives and friends and to make them comfort able, or to let them rest until the hour arrives for the services which Is an nounced by the measured tread of the military companies detailed for this duty from the command at Fort Myer. The detail, with its band. Its buglers and Its firing squad. Is always accom panied by at least two chaplains, one Protestant and the other Roman Catholic, and when necessary n Rabb! is there, to conduct the last rites. Another touching incident connected with these funerals Is the dropping of flowers hi each grave ns the final prayers are said. This loving act is performed by representatives of the War Mothers, who never fall to be present when Arlington is receiving its overseas’ dead. As we hear the sweetly doleful notes of the band, and listen to the soft-spoken wor6 us the chaplain, fol lowed by the musketry salute, we feel a thrill of solemn pride, a realization that. In hours of need, our country has ever had Its full quota of the brave and heroic. The bugler now steps up to the grave, and ns the notes of his trumpet echo amongst the hills and trees, through our thoughts pass the words of “Taps”: Fades the light; And afar Goeth day, Cometh night; And a. atar all, Speedeth all To their rest. And thus ends the last journey. cathedral, Edinburgh. “Give us grace and strength to forbear and persevere Give us courage and gayety and the quiet mind. Spare to us our friends, soften to us our enemies, bless us if It may be in all our innocent en deavors, if It may not, give us the strength to encounter that which is to come, that we may be brave in peril, constant In tribulation, temper ate in wrath, and In all changes of fortune, 'and down to the gates of death, loyal and loving to one another.” Reptiles Have Sixth Sense Famous Zoo Curator Says Snakes Are Endowed With Startling Intelligence. POSSESS VERY KEEH EYESIGHT Distinguish Sound by Their Tongues and Scales—Sense of Taste Very Acute—Tells of Lizard That Walks on Water. New York.—When next you meet a snake In the woods or fields du not, as yuu leup nimbly out of reach, give way to thoughts of loathing and con tempt. Snakes are extremely useful members us society—even the poison ous ones—and they are endowed with far more intelligence than they get credit for, according to Raymond L. Dinners, curator for reptiles at the Bronx zoo. Also, Mr. Ditmars told 60 or 70 men and women, members of the Reptile Study society, at the sixth annual dinner of the organization, that snakes might even have a sixth sense, an attribute that man cannot even gauge, for human beings have to be content with only five. “There Is a possibility that snakes are far superior to any supposition re garding their attainments,” said Mr. Ditmars. ’‘Though their ears havei deteriorated, we know that they hear quite well. They are sensitive to sound on their tongues and on the scales on their bodies. Their eyesight is wonder fully keen, especially for moving ob jects. They have a marvelous sense of taste und of smell. Investigate Pit Vipers. “Science Is now investigating the various species of pit vipers for proof of another snakfsh sense that as yet we know nothing about. A pit viper, you know, has a strange organ In the skull, a deap pit which is lined with microscopic nerves all joining a main nerve that goes straight to the brain. Science has not yet fathomed the use of this pit. It may be that snakes are actually superior to man with a sixth sense we can’t even gauge, for we do not have It.” The dinner at which Mr. Ditmars made this assertion wns held at the Case Boulevard. The average person who attended the dinner would get something of a shock to find the guests passing around two or three-foot snakes in bunches and longer fellows singly, handling the reptiles as though they were Interesting curios or relics. While these snakes, which, of course, are all harmless, were crawling around the necks and shoulders of men and women, a member of the society, Arthur H. Gillam, brought out a bag. He got a wide space despite the gen end craning of necks, for In that bug were rattlers and rattlers are rattlers even to the enthusiasts of the Reptile Study society. As Gillam cautiously unwound the cord from the bag a hissing, buzzing sound filled the room. Nevertheless, Mr. Rattler was left loose on the floor, a forked stick pinning his neck before be could wriggle an Inch. Then Gil- Amundsen’s North Pole Airplane View of the Larsen (“J. L.”) all-metal plane with which Captain Roald Amundsen, celebrated Norwegian explorer, hopes to fly over the North Pole soon. TRY TO STOP AIR ACCIDENTS New Aircraft Engine Eliminates Use of Gasoline. Use of Heavy Fuel Oil, It Is Believed by Experts, Will Prevent Such Dieasters as That to Army Dirigible Roma. Baltimore, Md.—Experiments con ducted by the national advisory com mittee for aeronautics, under the gen eral direction of Dr. Joseph S. Ames, have developed an aircraft engine eliminating the use of gasoline, which Doctor Ames described us the •‘funda mental cause” of lire accidents in the air. By the use of heavy fuel oil. Doc tor Ames said. It is hoped to prevent such disasters as that to the army dirigible Roma, in which only three men out of forty-tive escaped. Doctor Ames Is professor of physics at Johns Hopkins university and chairman of lam took him by the scruff of the neck (If snakes have scruffs) as a child plc>;s up u kitten. The venemous reptile held thus wus passed around for inspection. A “cotton mouthed” moccasin was then put on displuy. Another snake that received a great deal of attention, being allowed to recline on the speak er’s table at the start of tjie dinner, was nn eight-foot • bon constrictor. Boas, It was said, make great |>ets und tire absolutely harmless, so long us they are not too big. Then a play ful sque.ie might crush tin. ribs of a man or woman, as an Inquisitive child crushes a beetle. Lizard Walks on Water. Professor E. B. Dunn of Smith Col lege told of experiences with snakes In Central America and Mexico. "At a water bole," he said, "we saw u two or three-foot lizard that stood upright when It saw ns and ran to the water. Without pausing It kept right on running and crossed the water hole on top of the water. I hardly expect any of you to believe this, but It Is true. The lizard had webbed feet that carried It over the water at top speed. Os conrse. ho couldn't stop or turn around on the water, but must keep going ahead." - Edward F. Bigelow, editor of Guide to Mature, described snakes ns the Americans Plan to Study Italy Arrangements With Royal Uni versity of Rome Designed to Promote Friendly Relations. TWELVE SCHOLARSHIPS OPEN Diplomats and College Professors to Address the Classes This Sum mer—Language, History and Culture Featured. New York.—A series us courses for Americans, to be given in Rome dur ing the summer of 1922, has been organized by the Assuciazlone Italo- Americana. in collaboration with the academic authorities of the Royal Uni versity us Rome and under the patron age of the American ambassador to Italy. The courses are planned with a view to making better known in the United States the language, history, culture and economic conditions of Italy, so that the mutual understanding and friendly relations of the two countries may be Increased and strengthened. instruction in the courses, which will extend from July 10 to August 317 will be adapted to the needs of the American student. A large num ber of the courses in the literary, bls- the executive committee of the aero nautic organization. The new engine, a high speed air plane wing, and a device which Is being developed for obtaining data and making tests under actual service conditions, will be reported nt the semi-annual meeting of the advisory committee in Washington. No special processing of the oil em ployed in the new engine Is required. Doctor Ames said. The motor Itself is a modified Liberty, with pistons made much longer to provide greater compression. It has no valves. The oil, very thick and gummy. Is forced through a jet by a compression pump, and enters the cylinder under high pressure. The greatest problem involved, Doc tor Ames said, vias to make a motor of this sort light enough for aviation, but he regarded this as largely accom plished. He added that the oil could be used for automobiles. WEDNESDAY, MAY p, 19: Falls Dead in Grave He Dug’for Another Weehawken. N. j._ Aft completing the digging ot u grav . In the cemetery here Christ l u „ Bock, forty-two years old, of 5 River Road. North Bergen, w H ’ 8 stricken with acute Indigestion and fell Into the grave he had dug for another. , As the man toppled over the funeral*cortege hearing the body of Mrs. Mary Bruggman. of Jer sey City, had entered the of the cemetery. When the casket was about to be lowered to the grave, the body of the grave digger was discovered. Bock was a veteran of the Spanish-American war, and server! as one of the late Colonel Roosevelt’s Rough Riders. "sweetest, loveliest things In creation.” The purpose and object of the Itepu tlle Study 'society, as set forth in their prospectus. Is to educate “everyone everywhere about the life hlatunes of reptiles—snakes, crocodiles, lizards, turtles and tortoises, and amphlblnnti —frogs, toads and salamanders.” The society aims to “benefit mankind nml these animals by substituting Intelli gent consideration nnd kindness for ignorant dread nnd atrocious cruelty.” It \uas said by members nt the dinner that the fear of snakes was not In stinctive. as generally believed, but was Inculcated In children by scared grownups. torlcal and economical development of Italy will be. jn Italian, supplemented, when necessary, by the use of Eng lish. Twelve Scholarship*. Twelve scholarships, to be assigned by rhe universities on the basis of merit among the applicants, are of fered by the A-ssociazione Italo-Aiuerl canu to students In the several Ameri can universities. All students enrolled for the summer courses of lectures will be entitled to the dally use of the , Library of American Studies in It and various rooms open also In the evening, for soclid gatherings nnd fur study, situated In the center of the city of Rome, not far from the university. Here muny American newspapers and magazines will be available. Stu dents will also be entitled to the use of the university library. Each student will also gain free admission, during the period of the courses, tr all the antiquities, monuments, galleries nnd museums of the Italian govern ment and of the city of Rome. The offices of the Assoclazi<>n<* Italo- Americana in Rome, of the Institute of International Education. 4IP West One hundred and seventeenth street; this city, nnd of the Italy-America j society. 23 West Forty-third street. Wifi furnish on request information 1 as to the courses, as well as answer I questions and make suggestions n- J cernlng living conditions in ih -•- fl hotels, boarding houses, etc. V fl Ta'Promote Friendly Relation*. The Assoclazione Italo-AimTi >ma I was organized in Rome In 191'.', uixb-r I the auspices of persons prominent in I governmental, scientific, industrial and I financial circles, for the following’ p'ir poses: “Tc foster cordial relat' n •"*• fl tween Italy and the United S' ' I means of courses of study, pub I .■ 1 I tions, lectures, etc.; to estabi.-' 1 I operation with Italian citizen imi - I in America and Americans Ihiiu* I Italy; to increase economic ' ■ and to assist industrial nn I • ■ mercial organizations of ltn! ; . •' lli: I Americans, under condition- v.’i I shall not e nffect the economy | pendence <pf the two count ri< ~ • Among the speakers in lb '! year will be Tqmmaso Titt"ii ; dent of the Italian senate, w l 'I the United Staten last fall; l' Rodolfo Lanclann, authority ' || cient Rome, and Professor- I ■ Bonfan|e and Carlo Formlehi. > g the Royal University of Ron * I association has undertaken t< - I for the exchange of professors ■ I ns the establishment of scholar DEAD REBELS ADVERTISE U.”S. Pajamas of Hanged Albanians 3e* Label “Gift of American People.” Scutari. Albania. "Gift of tM American people" read labels on ” pajama-clad bodies of two notor* 011 Insurgents which hung from a tn* the center of this town for severs days- ... The incongruity of the labels • dently did not strike the Albanian • thorltles who carried out the exe€ j tions, ns all the pajamas given out * the poor by American relief wor 1 are so marked, and these * r ” ni " I '. # evidently were the only ones availa>? in which to clothe the condemned Hens Worked One Day. Gettysburg, Pa.—John M< , D'”‘ r , has a brood of 15 black Minorca <•!>;* ens which do strange things, other day the flock laid 10 eggs, of the eggs .were joined end m '■ Both eggs in this -freak rombln>.t are perfectly formed and about size of ordinary eggs.