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'R Rpss and -* - A <=2<G] Sr ST \ t. - 1 T - WWO£g ©IP <9Jt® I ~*ffiSuWr\ OPEN To THE PUBLIC L 2:' '3i^fa> m f Ibwkmßw ■, |M|S W v ' Street - * JH Bf Philadelphia... J er-- «r^ —* J 7 X-5 X_x X. ETSY ROSS is no myth— so maintained Levi L. ‘ Alrich during his life, and so says Emma B. Alrich. his widow. The Alriches were editor and associate editor of the Public Rec ord of Cawker City, Kan., for 35 years (1883-1918). B Mr. Alrich died in the year 1917. “As I could not lift the forms alone, and everybody was ‘gone to war,’ ” says Mrs. Alrich, “I was obliged to close UuSlaess. “The statement was made in the National Tribune, Washington, D. C., that ‘the story of Betsy Ross and the flag is a myth.’ I want to get the refutation of Mr. Alrich before the public. I shall send a copy to every historical society in the United States. The Kansas D. A. R. state convention took it up and indorsed it and placed it in their records.” Mr. Alrich, in the Civil war, was a member of Company B, Baker’s Cali fornia regiment (Seventy-first Penn sylvania infantry). Mrs. Alrich is senior vice president of the National Woman’s Relief Corps. Alarlc G. Al rich, their son, is past division com mander, Sons of Veterans of Kansas. Mrs. Alrich has printed a pamphlet with the title, “History, Not Myth,” which contains her husband’s “refuta tion” mentioned in the foregoing. Airs. Alrich’s pamphlet begins thus: » “The statement recently made that the story of ‘Betsy Ross and the Flag is a Myth,’ aroused a feeling that I would not be loyal to the memory of my late husband, Levi L. Alrich of Baker’s California regiment (Seveaty tirst Pennsylvania infantry), who en listed May, 18G1, and took part in 15 battles in 18 months, unless pub licity was given to his response to the same remark several years ago. “Born and reared in Philadelphia, Pn., he improved the opportunities of research, in the State Historical society; the records of the Friends’ meetings; also of the Holland Society of New York; the latter in the de scent from Jacfl) and Peter Alrich, Dutch governors of Delaware, under Peter Stuyvesant of New York. “In 1808, when frequenting places of Information, lie met William J. Canby, who had the only genealogical tree of the Canby family In America; beginning with Thomas Canby, who came from Thorn, England, in 1685. which has on it all of ids 16 children and their descendants down to 1868. one Susan Canby, married a Peter Alrich, who was the paternal grandfather of Levi L. Alrich, while Susan was the maternal grandmother of William J. Canby. “Tills tree is tangible evidence that William J. Canby is not a myth; and Chinese Compliment In China, if one desires to express high compliment of a person, the right thumb Is stuck up above a closed fist. T'/ extend the little Anger, though l« to suggest that the person is beneath contempt. When the Chang sha man refers to his fellow citizens, lie always resembles a patient about to have his thumb bandaged. Long t>efore Yale established the “Yale in <3ilnu’’ college In Changsha, the city from his Quaker training not inclined to perpetrate a lie on the public, when he in 1870 prepared a paper on the Flag which he read before the Penn sylvania Historical society, also told the story, not from tradition, but as told by Mrs. Ross to Mr. Canby.” Then follows the refutation, among the papers of Mr. Alrich, as he used it on previous occasions. It contains the following: “A myth exists only in the imag ination. Is Betsy Ross a myth? Did such a person live, and did she make the first Stars and Stripes which we now reverently speak of as ‘Old Glory’? “It is recorded that some time be tween May 23 and June 7, 1777, Commander in Chief George Wash ington. accompanied by the committee, Robert Morris and Col. George Ross (a relative of Betsy) called on her, and there after consultation, in structed her to make the Flag. The American congress i esolved, on Sat urday, June 14, 1777. ’that the Flag of the United States be 13 stripes alternate red and white, that the union be 13 stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constella tion.’ This was substantially the design agreed upon by the commit tee and made by Betsy Ross. “But who was Betsy Ross? Her maiden name was Griscom. Elisabeth Griscom, born In 1752, of Quaker par ents, Samuel and Rebecca Griscom. Samuel was a descendant of Andrew Griscom, who brought the first cargo of bricks from England, of which this famous house was built. Elisabeth married John Ross, an Episcopalian, and for this awful misdemeanor she was expelled from the Friends’ soci ety, and becoming an Episcopalian, with her husband, worshiped In the Old Christ Church, only a short dis tance from her home, and where the pew she occupied (No. 12) is still marked to designate it as hers, as is also her grave in Mount Moriah cem etery, beside her husband, Claypoole. General Washington also worshiped in the same church, and his pew is also marked, and both are shown today. “Two children were born to John and Betsy Ross, one Zillah dying tn infancy. The other was named Eliza. Ross died when a young man, his widow being at the time of the episode twenty-five years of age. Ross was an upholsterer, his widow con tinuing the business, was so occupied when the committee called upon her. Widow Ross married Joseph Ash burn, who was devoted to the cause of the young republic, and was cap tured by the British and died in Mill prison at Portsmouth, England. Dur ing his Imprisonment he told a fellow prisoner, John Claypoole, his story was closely related to America, for it was here that many of the firecrack ers which formerly announced the In dependence day celebration were made. Among the great men who have been among Changsha’s chief products was Gen. Tseng Kuo Fan. whose co operation with “Chinese Gordon” was largely Instrumental in putting down the Taiping rebellion. Healthy Complexion Assured. Martha was a pale little wife whose white cheeks Indicated her listless con- about a wife and child in Philadelphia “Claypoole (with 215 prisoners) was placed on board the ship Symmetry and was exchanged on reaching Amer ica. He sought out Mrs. Ashburn, who was so favorably Impressed with him, that they were married, May 8, 1783. Five daughters were born to them, one, Clarissa, married a Wil son, and succeeds*! mother in the Flag making business. "The original number and street of the Flag house was 89 Mulberry street; but Mulberry was changed tv Arch. The numbers began at the Delaware river, alternating on north and south side of the street. In 1856 the present system of number ing in all cities .‘.riglnated in Phil adelphia, giving 100 to each block (or square, in local parlance of that city), the Flag bouse becoming 239. The writer lived below the old house a short time before the new system of numbering was adopted, when Mrs. Mund then kept a tobacco *.tore In it, and refused large sums of money for parts of the house as relics.” Then follows “William J. Canby’s statement”; “It Is not tradition, it is report from the lips of the principal participator in the transaction directly told, not to one or two, but to a dozen or more living witnesses, of whom I am one, though but a little boy when I heard it. I was eleven years old when Mrs Ross died in our house, and well re member her telling the story. I have the narrative from the oldest of my aunts, reduced in writing in 1857. This aunt, Mrs. Clarissa Wilson, suc ceeded to the business of making Hags which had been exclusively held by Mrs. Ross, and she continued to make for the navy yard and the arsenals for many years until, being conscientious on the subject of war, she gave up the government business, but continued the mercantile business until 1857. Washington was a fre quent visitor at my grandmother’s house, before receiving command of his army. She embroidered his shirt rutiles and did many other things for him. He knew her skill with the needle. Colonel Ross, with Robert Morris and Central Wash ington, called upon Mrs. Ross and told her they were a committee of congress and wanted her to make the Flag from a drawing, a rough one, which upon her suggestion was* re drawn by General Washington, chiefly because the stars were six cornered, and not five cornered. I fix the date to be during Washing ton’s visit to congress from New York when lie came to confer upon the af fairs of the army, the Flag being, no doubt, one of these affairs.” dition. Her husband worried about her lack of bloom till Cousin Helen came from the East for a visit, Mar tha Improved wonderfully with bright companionship. Her husband was not slow to express his gratitude to his wife's cousin. “Helen, you can’t imag ine how much good your visit has dor.s Martha. She looks ten years younger.” “Well, I am so glad. Cousin George,” Helen bubbled. “And If she keeps or using that rouge I’m leaving her she’ll always have that healthy complexion, like mine ” —Exchange. 33 GOOD TALES H of the _ @a B CITIES 0 H Chance Makes Corsetmake? of Writer —— OAKLAND, CALlF.—Charles Norris, editor and writer and husband of Ktithleen Norris, the novelist, spoke recently before the Oakland Literary club. “When I was working for a certain publisher fifteen years ago,” Norris said, “there came into my bunds a story entitled ‘Blue Pearls,’ contributed by a young woman under the pen name of Gladys Ethel Olney. "As soon as 1 read the story I knew it was the work of a genius. De lighted beyond words with my find, I took It to the other members of the staff, who were just as enthusiastic*. “Then somebody blundered. The manuscript was mixed up with some others and was sent back to the au thor with the fatal blue rejection slip. I moved heaven and earth to locate the author of ‘Blue Pearls.’ But I Texas to Send Two Blantons to House? TpORT WORTH, TEX.—Texas has the unusual spectacle of sister and brother running for congress. Morever, the brother asserts his en emies are trying to hurt his sister’s chances for election; the sister says her enemies are trying to keep her brother down. The woman Is Miss Annie Webb Blanton of Denton. The man is Congressman Thomas L. Blan ton of Abilene. Miss Blanton at present Is state su perintendent of Instruction in Texas, and she Is given credit for living made good. She is the first woman to hold the office. She aspires to succeed the'late Lu cian W. Parrish, congressman, who was candidate for tl»e United States senate and was fatally Injured In an automobile accident while cam paigning. In her speeches Miss Blanton bits;, vigorously defended her brother’s sen sational career In congress. - For her self, she delcares that she will make the soldiers’ bonus her greatest object if elected. “If you do not want the ex-service men Co get this bonus, then do not vote for me,” she advises her audi ences.. She has one opponent In the race. It’s Only Emily’s Love That’s Dead A A ° ■ CHICAGO.— Miss Emily Moll, eigh teen, of 5122 lyeavitt street, is no undertaker.. In fact, she is proprie tress of a Sheridan road beauty parlor and herself one of her own best ad vertisements. But she is an expert on funerals. In the last two days she has at tended her own funeral twice. She’s scheduled to go through the “agony” again today. The “schedule” has been arranged through obituary notices re cently published. Both “funerals” have been highly successful except that there has been a lack of a corpse, mourners, minister, flowers and every thing else “funereal.” Even her mother has given up the task of watching her daughter greet the mourners as they arrive. “Just the Wife of Dudley Field Malone” NEW YORK. —Marriage has wrought little change In the feminist view’s of Doris Stevens, erstwhile suffrage picket and now the wife of Dudley Field Malone, former collector of the port. Miss Stevens, formerly of Omaha, and her husband have returned from a trip to France and England. As to her name, Miss Stevens has decided that save for occasional social purposes she will not adopt that of her husband. The cause of this, she said, is not that she Is so proud of her maiden name or that she considers it a matter of vital Importance, but because she believes the change in name hinders the freedom of thought and conduct of both parties to the mar riage contract. “If I become Mrs. Malone,” she went on,” every political move I make and every opinion I express reflects to some degree on my husband. If he holds different views from mine, which is certainly his privilege, why should he have to suffer because of the similarity of tiitme? Also, If we should support two different political candi dates. for example, my work would be discounted with the remark, ‘She’s only remembered the pen name of Ol ney and so my efforts were in vain.” After delivering his address Norris left at once to catch a train. After lie had gone a shy little woman who gave her name as Mrs. Gene O. Wlerk ap proached the hostess. “Where has Mr. Norris gone? I would like to tell him that I am the writer of 'Blue Pearls,* ” the woman said. “The rejection of the manu script, w’hich I considered the best of anything I had done, was the death knell to my hopes of authorship.” The crowd gathered around and lis tened as Mrs. Wlerk unfolded her tale of girlhood hopes and disillusionment. “When the manuscript of ‘Blue Pearls’ came back I figured I was a failure as a novelist and had betier go to work and learn some business. I never wrote another story,” she said. “I learned the trade of corset making. Eventually I married.” Norris was notified of the discovery of “Gladys Ethel Olney” and wired that he would return to Oakland to “take Airs. Wlerk In hand in hopes of reawakening the spark of genius that may be dormant but never dies.” • Mrs. Wlerk takes the affair with quiet resignation and continues to con duct her corset shop. State Senator Guinn Williams of Deca tur, who Is conducting an active cam paign. Miss Blanton said she would not run for congress If the widow of Parrish sought the honor. So, when Mrs. Par rish announced she would run, Miss Blanton promptly withdrew her name. After a few days Mrs. Parrish decided not to enter the contest, so the state school superintendent threw her bon net Into the ring to stay. Miss Blanton’s great-grandfather fought in the Texas war for independ ence. Her mother’s father, W. G. Webb, was a general in the Mexican war; her own fndier fought in the confederate army. Miss Blanton is a graduate of the University of Texas and has studied at the University of Chicago. Yesterday a man approached Em ily’s home. He stepped to the dour Emily answered the summons of his knock. “Howdo," said the man. “I’m ‘Mr. Goetz.’ I came to attend your sis ter Emily’s funeral. Tou bad, isn’t it?” “That’s awfully nice of yon,” she smiled. “Only—you see I’m Emily.” “Mr. Goetz” almost collapsed. He was invited to rest until he regained his composure. While wondering If he should report the case to Sir Ar thur Conan Doyle, Emily answered four other knocks at the door. “Mr. Goetz” heard her say: “No, thanks, we don’t need any monuments.” “The corpse requested that np pic ture be taken.” “Oh, my, yes, we have a cemetery lot.” “Pay for an obituary notice? Not while I’m alive.” Then Emily explained what It was all about. She asserted a jilted suit or had sought revenge by printing obituary notices for Emily after he learned her love for him was dead. Nlng Eley, attorney for Emily’s father, Is chasing the suitor. <3HALL RE"jrai, A -i TAlrt HY W MAIDEN ( vyfoE j just the wife of Dudley Field Malone.’ “The best example of this that 1 have ever seen was at the time of the picketing In Washington. A number of women who would willingly have died for the cause were unable to take their place in the picket line because to de so would involve publicity, which might easily mean' the dismissal of their husbands from the public offices which they held.” Miss Stevens says she would not be surprised to see the return of a matriarchy some day. At present It requires a super-woman to be able both to build up a home and to main tain a public career. WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1922. ,Copy for This Department Supplied by the American Legion Newe Service.) LEGION WOMAN,MOTHER OF 21 Mrs. Jacob Caranek, Healthy and Happy, Holds Record Among Pro ducers of Americana. Mrs. Jacob Caranek, who runs a ueat little grocery store in New Or- leans and therein sells butter and eggs, bread, meats, canned corn and maybe the necessities for making those de licious Southern pecan candies, is also cha in p ion mother of the American Legion Auxiliary. She Is, at least, until some one comes «l ong who Is the mother of 22 children. Io beat Mrs. Caranek’s 21. A child had come to Mrs. Caranek’s houst? each year for 21 years when America entered the World war. Which of the 21 was dearest to her she herself could not tell, but when the two eldest boys, Joseph and Louis, went away to war the large Caranek family was cast Into shadow. “What else should I do?” Mrs. Caranek ques tioned. “They are Americans and tneir country needs them. If It is a duty to raise children. It is right to make them love their country.” But when Joseph and Louis came home— Joseph served overseas with the Rain bow division and fought in four big battles, while I.ouis fought in and around Camp Beauregard—the little grocery store could scarce contain the joyful celebration. Mrs. Caranek came to America when she was fifteen years old, leaving her native village of Petravice in Czecho slovakia. She is forty-seven years old now and her husband is fifty-eight The youngest child is six years old and the oldest twenty-eight. Mrs. Caranek has been to but one motion-picture show in her life and she left before that one was over. She works from five in the morning until ten at night In her grocery. And she hasn’t a gray hair and has never been sick but once and enjoys life. NAMED FOR THE COMMANDER Legion Member Pays Honor to New Son and the Leader of the Ameri can Organization. Since the first time that America had a war, babies have come Into the 7 mm r-‘ world named for a .great or favor ite general. The namesakes of Gen. George Washington are still numerous; those of Robert E. Lee and U. S. Grant are going strong into the second generation and there are not a few John J. Pershing Smiths and Joneses to vie with the less recent Deweys and Teddy Roosevelts. One service man of the American Legion has, however, started the nam ing of babies after the national com mander of the Legion of the year in which the child was born. The first on record is young Hanford Morris. Atlanta, Ga., born a few days after Hanford MacNider, Mason City, la., was elected national commander of the Legion. His father, Albert R. Morris, is a member of Atlanta post No. 1 of the Legion. Recently an ex-soldier of Chicago went Into court and asked to be al lowed to drop his middle name, which was unpronouncable, he declared. The court gave permission and the service • man, an enthusiastic Legionnaire, chose the name of Legion to accom pany him through life. Legion Post Stages “Movies.” To satisfy curiosity-hounds, the Hollywood (Cal.) post of the American legion stages a “model movie” every week. This saves wear and tear on the nerves of the people in Movieland, and at the same time gives tourists a view of how movies are made. Real reel directors, cameras, and stars are used in the model exhibitions—but the Legion does the work. Consider “Star” Flag an Insult. The Idea, conceived by the W. C. T. U., of putting star flags in windows of homes where no liquor is consumed. Is protested by an American Legion post In San Francisco, composed entirely of newspaper men. The Legion men claim that the liquor star flag is au atrocious plagiarism of the service flag of war days, and that It is an in sult to all former service men. To Halt “Fake” Money-Raising. In an effort to stamp out the sale of publications by ex-service men who allege that the money derived is go ing to be used for the benefit of sick and wounded ex-service men, the American Legion national offices have warned its 11,000 posts not to sanction any sale of periodicals until the Chamber of Commerce or some like civic organization has first approved.