Newspaper Page Text
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 1922.
Vt ■■Sk'JIHKI I-/ BT fJ T- ■ Ir| tlt .Merry Row JMM X-X ?ver MeicMonnies'B - jSy : ,/F b "T — Statue jor New ' L/ /tark ? 1111® I \i MSb; &v . C Jhfcu.z- e ;».- // S°-Wr^ ; lßsir 4 ’ Br RPJsLjaTji,/ s£2lb &£Sr za|BßmPhsßk^ l .s «* T^* °TNb EW YORK city’s much- , vexed atutu' of “Civic i Virtue.” by Frederick MacMonnies is Id place in City iiali park at last. And now that the New Yorkers can see It the gab ble is worse than ever over “The Rough Guy,** as the women call him. If there’s a great popu lar clamor against him. Mayor Hylan says, down N_ hell come. It’s n long, end tale, my mates, but here’s the brief of It: Mrs, Angelina Crane, who died in 1904. left 153,000 for the statue. Ibdati/es con lested her will. In 1909 the city won. added $7,000, and gave MacMonnies the commission. In 1912 the alder men voted the site for h statue to Thomas Jefferson, for which provision had bee.'? made In the will of Joseph Pulitzer. The site was saved for “C. V.,” and the sculptor, then In Paris, was prodded. In 1915 he re turned to New York, bringing with Mtn models for “Civic Virtue.’* But the environment of City Hall park had changed. The sculptor de rided. in view of actual and prospec tive changes, that a heroic marble. ’tntue should take the place of the hronze one for which he had contract ed. He volunteered to make the bange nt Ids own expense. The mu nicipal art commission rejected his >n»t design, but accepted his second. The statue surpasses In bulk everything of its kind except Michel angelo's “David.” It is made of a solid block of Georgia marble and weighs 55 tons. The figure looms 11 feet high and with the sirens and the pedestal the height above the pave ment is Id feet. Here is the sculp tor’s own description of his statue: "I selected the figure of a youth, ns best exemplifying the spirit which dtould preside over a citadel of civic activity. In the composition of the lines of the figure In the posture I used a system of lines which are un ' niplicated and direct In their sug gestion so that he would seem to be •■‘•ncentrnted with single-minded en ergy on one purpose—to stand upright imd hold up the sword of law. As a secondary action, ho is freeing himself idmost unconsciously from the snares * thrown about him. They are drop ping away from him without much rffort on his part. He looks out Into the distance so concentrated on his treat ideal that he does not even see the temptation. suggest this temptation; its dual fat are which dazzles while it en snares, its charm and insinuating dan <er, one thinks of the beauty and nughter of women; the treachery of .he serpent coils of a sea-creature ' T npped about its prey. These lovely 1611 women coil themselves about Many Minor Planets There continues the -discovery of ’Merolds or minor planets, especially * ,; h the aid afforded by celestial pho "“rnphy. Among a vast multitude of dais, crowding a photographic plate •m<‘. perhaps, will be seen to have ’”'"D n short thin line on the plate ’"ring its hours of continuous expos- ** ’Hie astronomer knows at once u,t if | R either an asteroid or a '“met. Subsequent observations soon I their victim. Their scaly, sinuous I tails entwine him. With one hand each one draws about him the net dis guised in tangled seaweed; with a smile on her lips one holds, half hid den. a skull, sinister suggestion of dis illusionment and death. “The other hides her face as we hide all dark designs. They entirely surround him, but he steps out tri umphantly and places his foot on a firm rock. Below him lies the wreck of a ship which had sped gayly, Its proud figurehead of victory overturned —torn shreds of hone.” A greater change has come about than the erection of tall buildings about City Hall square: Women are now Voters and are busying themselves tre mendously in civic affairs. So women rose in protest against the statue. The National League of Women Voters ob jected on the ground that It degraded ! womanhood. Mary Garrett Hay put It this way: “In this age woman should be placed not below man but side by side with him in any repre- i i! HTW x e HL * V r bL\ 7 >K V . , 1 ’ ' . • ■ I Mayor Hylan Has Doubts. sentation of civic virtue.’’ Dr. Ella A. Boole of the W. C. T. U. said this: "It portrays the degradation of wom anhood. not the uplift of man.” Mayor Hylan. since women now have votes, naturally paid attention. He looked at a photograph of the statue and re marked: “I don’t know much about art, but I don’t like the looks of that fellow." And he set a day for a pub lic hearing. Well, the women came and freed their minds. The sculptor stayed away, but sent the explanation of his design given in the foregoing. And the statue went up on Its pedes tal—possibly to come down again. The art critics, generally speaking, stand by McMonnles and his statue. It takes a stout heart to reject a statue by MacMonnies. He is one of the great sculptors. Boston, it will decide the point. Only the more In teresting ones are afterward ob served with attention, but once dis covered they cannot be ignored, and the rapid growth of the flock becomes an embarrassment. Eros, which at times approaches the earth nearer than any other regular members of the solar system, except the moon, and asteroid No. 585. which at aphelion is more distant than Jupiter, as far as their orbits are concerned, remain the most Interesting members of the entire group and are kept under con- be remembered, threw out his "Bac chante” from its public library; the bronze lady is now one of the at tractions of New York Metropoli tan museum. His “Nathan Hale” stands in City Hall park. He was se lected to make the $250,000 monument of “Liberty in the Agonies of Strug gle,” America’s gift to France in com memoration of the Battle of the Marne. New York’s gabble over the statue is of all kinds—serious objection, ironic laughter and puzzled ignorance. “Let the downtrodden men rise in righteous assertion of equal rights 1" say Vox Popper. “Give the women their share —no more. In the past we were lucky to get George Wash ington on a postage stamp. Now we want men upholding gilded scales on courthouse towers and all the rest of it.” • • • Neysa McMein, the artist, says: “Well, if women don’t lure, who will? And we have to have lures, don’t we? If there were no temptations there would be no virtues. . Any map who would walk over a real lady-lure with a net and everything ought to be done In marble—or concrete.” • • * Two flappers: “It’s two ladles,” said the first. “Not ladles—moimalds,** said the other emphatically. "See their tails?” “Yeah,” said the first, “but look at the tops o’ ’em.” • • • And here’s what MacMonnies says: "Bish —bosh 1 I say I For a lifetime I have adored womankind. I have spent my life nt their feet. To intimate that I, MacMonnies, respecter and ad mirer of women, have had a hand in symbolism degrading to womanhood is to talk d —d nonsense.” stant observation whenever circum stances permit.—New York Herald. Have Settled Plan for Work. Some men are In a state of per petual confusion. They are always apparently as busy as bees, but they never achieve anything It Is no use working unless there is a settled plan. The day’s activities should be care fully schemed—so many hours for work, so many hours for study, so many for healthful relaxation.—Sir H. Woodman Burbridge. EFFORTS BEING MADE TO PREVENT SPREAD OF EUROPEAN CORN BORER larvae ' A /I PAPAE I- \ - ■ l ADULTS ( l| MALE , ~ FEMALE WORK OF LARVA IN INTERIOR OF CORN -STALK European Corn Borer in Various Stages and Its Work. (Prepared by the United Statea Department of Axrlculjture.) Special efforts to prevent the Eu ropean corn borer from spreading to the corn belt, which it now threatens to do from the southern shore of Lake Erie, will be made .this season by the United States Department of Agriculture. I*ll6 most important sin gle measure will be the rigid enforce ment of federal quarantine regulations by the federal horticultural board of the department, in co-operation with the Canadian government and the va rious states where the pest now ex ists. This will prevent other Infesta tions of the insect from coming Into the United States and will go a long way toward keeping the borer from being carried to other parts of the country. The bureau of entomology of the department lias prepared its plans for investigating the insect, which was discovered in this country during 1917, jvith a view to applying and amplifying methods of controlling it. The slight infestations along the lake shore, It is believed, will not cause serious injury to corn there immediately, giving am ple time for a careful study of the in sect and its behavior in tills new en vironment before actual commercial damage is done. For this purpose the bureau will establish immediately a number of entomologists at Sanduskv, Ohio. May Have Come From Canada. The infestation on Lake Erie, it is believed, originated in the province of Ontario, Canada, where a severe in festation has been present for several years. Favorable winds during the flight season of the moth in the sum mer of 1921 are supposed to have compelled the adult insects to fly across the lake to the American side, where they became established along almost the entire southern shore. Rec ords of the weather bureau indicate that for the first time in five or six years the winds prevailing then blew from the north or northwest for sev eral days at a time. It is not thought, therefore, that this condition will pre vail again for several years, and other moths be blown over. In order to watch this phase of the matter, however, the bureau of ento mology will request permission of the lighthouse sendee to station observers during the flight season at the power ful lights maintained along the south ern shore. They will ascertain, if pos sible. whether moths are attracted to the lights from the other side. The federal quarantine includes 144 cities and towns in Massachusetts, three in Michigan. 12 in New Hamp shire, 115 in New’ York. 42 in Ohio, and 13 in Pennsylvania, and prohibits the shipment of corn and broom corn, including all parts of the stalk, cut flowers or entire plants of chrysanthe mum, aster, cosmos, zinnia, hollyhock, and cut flowers or entire plants of gladiolus and dahlia, except the bulbs, to other states throughout the year. The ban applies to other products for the period between June 1 and De cember 31, in the New England terri tory. The prohibition applies to corn and broom corn, including all parts of the stalk, all sorghums and sudan grass from infested areas in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michi gan throughout the year. No restric tions are placed on the Interstate movement of clean shelled corn and clean seed of broom corn. Control Practices Recommended. To control the corn borer on the farm, the department recommends the following practices: 1. Burn, or otherwise destroy, be fore May 1 of each year, all cornstalks, corn cobs, corn stubbie, vegetable, field and flower crop remnants, weeds and large-stemmed grasses of the previous year. 2. Keep cultivated fields, fence rows, field borders, roadsides and such places free from large weeds or large-stemmed grasses. 3. Cut corn close to the ground. 4. Cut and remove sweet corn fodder from the field as soon as the ears are harvested. Feed direct to live stock or place in silo. 5. Cut and remove field com from the field as soon as the ears are ma ture. Feed the stalks to live stock as soon as possible and burn or otherwise dispose of the uneaten parts before May 1 following. Shred or cut the fodder to Increase its consumption. 6. Plow under thoroughly, in the fall, all infested cornstalks, corn stub ble, other crop remnants, weeds mid similar material which it is Impracti cal to destroy tn any other manner. When necessary to adopt this prac tice an attempt should be made to •flow under all the material to a depth >f nt least 0 Inches. 7. Plant small areas of early sweet . n to net ns a trap crop. a<ljac«|®t to fields intended for field corn or late sweet corn. Feed, or otherwise de stroy, this early sweet corn, as soon as the ears are harvested, or prefer ably just before that period, if the grower is willing to sacrifice the ears. Such plantings, where not destroyed at the proper time, constitute a men ace to» later corn. 8. Limit the size of cornfields to areas that can be kept free of weeds. 9. Do not plant corn within 50 feet of beets, beans, celery, spinach, rhu barb, or flowering plants intended for sale. 10. Do not throw the uneaten parts of cornstalks used as feed or bedding into the manure pile unless this mate rial is worked into piles containing enough fresh horse manure to produce heating. 11. Do not transport outside of the infested area, any of the plants, or plant products, listed in Federal Quar antine No. 43. 12. Do not transport any living stages of the European corn-borer out side of the infested areas. 13. Do not place in swill container any sweet corn ears or portions there of or discarded portions of celery, beets, beans, rhubarb, and spinach when this material is suspected of containing the borer. 14. Do not dump cornstalks, or other plant refuse from the vegetable and flower garden on public dumps nor on the edge or flood level of brooks, riv ers, and other bodies of water. 15. Do not attempt to circumvent the quarantine regulations. The penalty is severe. 16. Do not mix products grown with in the infested area with those grown outside the infested area. 17. Do not label packages containing flowers or other products with mislead ing statements of contents. 18. Do not pack produce in boxes or other containers until all old tags and permits have been removed. 19. Do not feel angry if products are confiscated at border lines for viola tion of quarantine regulations. Such action Is the most lenient that may be taken under the law. MOLESKINS VALUABLE SOLD THROUGH POOLS Boys and Girls Have Formed Clubs for Trapping. Taught Approved Methods by Exten sion Workers and Representatives of Biological Survey—Prizes for Gophers. Moleskins, which brought little or nothing in the ordinary fur markets, have been successfully pooled and sold m Washington and Oregon through farm bureau organizations. Boys and girls in many communities have formed clubs for trapping moles. Through the co-operative work of the extension agents and representatives of the biological survey bf the United States Department of Agriculture, they have been taught approved methods of trap ping and skinning the moles. Two hundred and twenty mole pelts were sold in Benton county. Ore., for boy and girl trappers. Linn county. Ore., reports three communities which offered 10 cents each for moles and pocket -gophers and an ndditlonal prize for the three children killing the most pests. One community reports 83 moles [ killed in this way. Tillamook county. Ore., was divided into four districts, and SSO purses were allotted to each district for first, second, and third prizes. The county paid a 5-cent bounty on both moles and pocket gophers. The moleskins were stored In the county agent’s office until a salable amount was col lected. They were then sold to the highest bidder. All money received for the skins was returned to the trappers. OVERCOME PLANT DISEASES Practical Plan to Allow Land to Ro main Idle or Use Crop Immune to Ailment. There are several diseases of vege tables which live over in the garden soil from one year to the next, and If the same crop is planted in the same soil year after year it will be but a short time until the crop will prove a loss. These are mostly fungous and bacterial diseases and the only prac tical way to overcome them is to al low the land to lie idle for two or three years or to plant a crop which is immune to the disease. PAGE SEVEN HOME pj TOWN St HELPSEZI RECOGNIZE VALUE OF TREES People Awake to the Necessity Their Presence for the Proper Landscape Effect. With the growing interest in forest ry, the landscape effect of the trees used for reforesting purposes should not be overlooked. As country homes Increase in number, the esthetic fea tures In both cultivated areas and woodlands become more and more Im portant, writes I'. W. Kelsey in the American Forestry Magazine. Progress In this direction in the United States may be classified Into three distinct periods. 1. The early clearing of the native woods growth with waste and destruc tion alike of the natural foliage effects and the irreparable loss of the timber supply, without consideration being given to future needs. 2. The awakening to a realization of this suicidal policy as manifested in the conservation movement, which has now bedome a subject of nation-wide Importance. 3. The prospective period when the beauty of the forest growth will in the treatment of forestry land be recog nized as an Important factor of de velopment in connection with the utili tarian purposes of the forest. The fact Is now everywhere ap preciated that a treeless landscape is like a treeless city, an unattractive and depressing sight. WHITE FENCE FOR GARDEN Decorative Scheme That Serves Two Purposes, Making for Quiet and Seclusion, With Beauty. Framing the garden with a decora tive fence of white pales has at least two distinct advantages. Inclosing the garden gives it that much-to-be-de- W”!iiiii Fence That Appeals. sired atmosphere of quiet and seclu sion. The gleaming white of the fence against the green foliage adds much to the appeal of the garden. EXTERIOR MUST BE INVITING What Might Be Called “Approaches’* to House Are Worth the Most Careful Consideration. A comparison of the number of per sons who view the Interior of the home with the number who view the exter ior makes more than evident the im portance of artistic and tasteful dec oration for the lawn and the outside of a house. The careful execution of a well-planned scheme of exterior dec oration is a matter of personal as well as civic pride, and nothing enhances to such an extent both the home and the town as vines, shrubs and flow ers carefully placed with an eye to generfil effect and suitability in keep ing with the size and shape of the lawn and the style of architecture of the building. The beauty of a house or group of buildings can be entirely spoiled or greatly Improved by the vines and shrubbery around it. Every householder is confronted with his own particular decoration problem. He must study the character of his ground, the style of his house, the paths and walks leading to It, as well as take into consideration the kind of decorations his neighbors use In order t/o get the right emphasis and contrast to bring his own place out and a proper perspective of the whole, house,-lawn and flowers. Set Good Example. Show your good citizenship and do mestic pride by making your house a splendid example rather than a dis appointing exception. Wash your win dows ; apply paint to thirsty surfaces; clean and renovate your yards; polish your brasswork; see to it that your bouse looks like a real American home. And don’t stop ort the outside but make the Interior look like new from cellar to attic. Pruning Roses in Spring. For the production of Individual blossoms of greatest perfection, as well as to secure a succession of bloom, severe pruning of cut-flower roses must be practiced, says the United States Department of Agriculture. Where a large number of blooms of small size is the alm, the pruning is less severe. In the spring, dormant roses which have been set in the fall should be cut back, leaving only 2 or 8 stems with 4 or 5 eyes on each. This will leave them 6 inches or less in length.