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The Cody enterprise and the Park County enterprise. (Cody, Wyo.) 1921-1923, July 19, 1922, Image 7

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1922.
Launching a Seaplane by Catapult From Deck
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The launching of a seaplane from a catapult on the deck of the U. S. S. Maryland In Chesapeake bay. This means
of launching has been adopted generally in the navy.
Alien Growth
Cut to 80,726
Only 241,644 Immigrants Under
the New Law, but 169,918
Others Leave.
JEWS LEAD NEW ARRIVALS
r
Congressman Johnson Says United
States Has Prevented Influx of
1,500,000 —Says Asylum Idea
Ended Just In Time.
Washington.—As a merchant “takes
stock’’ at recurring periods to ascer
tain the status of his business, so have
the immigration authorities at Wash
ington been “checking up” the inward
and outward passenger movement at
all ports of entry and departure, with
a view to measuring the net results
of this country’s first year of restric
tive Immigration on the percentum
basis.
The report of their findings will be
read with interest wherever concern Is
felt for the nation's welfare, for the
Dillingham act was an experiment ar
rived at for a post-war emergency,
and the first fiscal year of the experi
ment is now drawing to a close. Con
gress has extended the law for two
years. It limits immigration to 8 per
cent a year of the nationals residing
in this country by the census of 1910.
Figures now available cover only a
specified period—nine months of the
first fiscal year, from July 1 to
March 31.
Table for Nine Months.
The following table shows immi
grant aliens admitted to and emigrant
aliens departed from the United States,
by races of peoples, from July 1, 1921,
to March 31, 1922:
Imml- Emi
grant. grant
African (blrck) 3.816 1,400
Armenian 2,165 194
Bohemian and Moravian
(Czech) 2,979 3,485
Bulgarian, Serbian. Monte-
negrin 1,333 5.035
Chinese 3,270 4.971
Croatian and Slovenian .... 3,699 3,699
Cuban 580 643
Dalmatian. Bosnian and
Herzegovinian 258 411
Dutch and Flemish 2.93 C IJftO
East Indian 195 191
English 21.015 6.635
Finnish 1.833 941
French 9,569 2,237
German 23.332 4,167
Greek 3,278 6,286
Hebrew 43,728 607
Irish 11,189 1.663
Italian (North) 5,840 6,520
Italian (South) 34.191 88,562
Japanese 4,458 3,427
Korean 53 33
Lithuanian 1,133 3,721
Magyar (Hungarian) 6,925 3,904
Mexican 10,103 5,071
Pacific Islanders 6 3
Polish 6.061 26,819
Portuguese 1,689 6,144
Rumanian 1,457 3,772
Rusnian 1,710 2,344
Ruthenian (Russnlak) 627 890
Scandinavian (Norwegians,
Danes and Swedes) 11.112 8,087
Scotch 10,245 1,163
Slovak 5,910 2,450
Spanish 1,364 6.736
Spanish-American 1,026 1,390
Syrian 1,239 1,182
Turkish 34 219
Welsh 716 110
West Indian 693 638
Other peoples 659 997
Total 241,G44 160,818
What the Figures Show.
Here are some of the interesting
things the figures show:
For the period mentioned the total
arrivals of all persons at all ports,
immigrant aliens, non-immigrant aliens
and citizens, numbered only 542,478.
Total departures ran up to 488,630.
The Inward movement of passenger
traffic was In excess of the outward
movement only by the small margin
of 35,839. The total arrivals of all
classes at all the gateways of the
nation were less than the dally float
ing population of New York city, esti
mated nt more than 700,000.
For the nine months named. 241,644
immigrant aliens were admitted to the
United States, while 160,018 emigrant
aliens went out of the country, a bal
ance of 80,726, representing the excess
of immigration over emigration. Os
the uon-immlgrant alien class, 88,579
were admitted, while 109,418 went out
of the country.
Figuring “by race or people’’ the
computation of the immigration offi
cial tabulators show that the Jews led
all other races or people with 43,728
admitted to the country during the
nine months specified. The report fur
ther shows that only 607 emigrant
Jews, went out of the United States
time.
From northern Italy 5,840 were ad
mitted and from southern Italy 34,191,
a total of 40,031 Italian immigrants.
But the report shows that £4,082 emi
grant aliens left the United States and
went back to Italy, or 4,000 more than
were admitted. The explanation for
this lies in the fact that the Italians
have always been Inclined to go and
come according to the times. That
country has always encouraged its
people in coming to America to twitch
American notions of thrift and profit
by high wages when times were good
here, but to return to Italy when In
dustrial conditions in this country no
longer Justified their remaining.
The explanation of why so few Jews
emigrated from the United States Is
furnished by the fact that they have
not been welcome in many of the lands
of Europe because of factional and
post-war disorders, and this also ex
plains why the largest number of Im
migrants coming to the United States
have been Jews. Many of them who
came here brought scars on their bodies
from the pogroihs of the Ukraine or
other districts of the old Russia.
9,630 Aliens Are Excluded.
During the nine months covered by
the report 9,630 aliens were excluded
at the ports of entry and deported,
3,943 of these as likely to become pub
lic charges. 730 as illiterate, 553 as
contract laborers and 1,250 In excess
of quotas. More than 2,000 In excess
of quota were admitted because of
acknowledged “unusual hardships” In
flicted by the mandatory exclusion law.
Under warrant 3,345 aliens who had
already entered the country were ar
rested and sent out, the majority hav
ing become public charges or crimi
nals.
Officials of the present administra
tion at Washington are elated over
the outcome of the first year’s opera
tion of the Dillingham law. Repre
sentative Albert Johnson, chairman of
the committee on immigration and nat
uralization, house of representatives,
inspected Ellis Island recently.
New Law Came Just In Time.
Here Is what he said of his trip:
“In my opinion the act limiting im
migration to 355,000 for the fiscal year
ending June 30 came in the nick of
time. It has saved the United States
HERE’S THE VEST OASIS
Here’s the latest vest oasis. It Is
worn under the coat, and when you
want a drink, Just turn the faucet.
This contrivance is used by retail boot
leggers who move often and fast. The
owner of it was recently arrested In
Milwaukee when he was dealing out
nips at a dance.
; Bullet Hit Toe, but ;
Man Killed Big Snake J
I To awaken from a peaceful J
J sleep and find a rattlesnake J
t sporting nine rattles colled at J
J the foot of his bed, apparently J
f preparing to make a spring, was t
J the experience of R. E. Woods {
1 of Porterville, Cal.
J Woods took a revolver from J
f beneath his pillow and shot the t
J rattler. Woods’ foot was in the J
J line of fire and the bullet that t
t ended the snake’s life clipped off J
* the tip of his big toe. When »
J taken to a hospital for treat- }
J ment Woods took the rattles *
J along to back up his story. J
In that year from an Influx of fully
I, immigrants at a time when
we could neither assimilate nor employ
them.
“Under the quota restrictions 230,537
were admitted to May 31. while about
2,787 were admitted temporarily for
reasons of humanity and because of
difficulties in getting the new law into
operation, while 1,446 were turned back
because of exhausted quotas. Debarred
for all causes in eleven months were
11, which I believe is the record,
and is still not enough. Too many
diseased, demented and defective are
being admitted.
“The law has been extended, and
during the coming year will be rigidly
enforced. I believe congress would be
Justified in amending the law so as
to give all countries a base quota of
about 600, and in addition thereto not
to exceed 2 per cent of the number of
aliens in the United States as shown
by the census of 1910. That would
lessen the difficulties arising from
small quotas now given to certain
countries and would decrease the large
quotas awarded to other countries.
Would Admit Only Eligible®.
“I believe that all quotas should con
sist only of persons eligible to citizen
ship under our present naturalization
laws. An amendment to that effect
would end the difficulties which arise
from our ‘gentleman’s agreement’ with
Japan. There is no reason why we
should admit to become residents of
the United States persons who never
can become citizens of the United
States.
“Many persons wonder why the per
centage restriction law has not been
tightened up and made more binding.
Some ask why congress has not en
acted a law completely suspending im
migration for a period of years. Let
jme remind all of these questioners that
it took more than twenty-five years of
'continuous effort to get a law even as
restrictive as the three per cent act.
“Each and every hill designed really
to restrict immigration passed by sen
ate and house from the first days of
the administration-of Grover Cleveland
to the last days of Woodrow Wilson
was vetoed for some reason or other —
usually because the proposed law in
terfered w’lth that nonsensical notion
that the United States was always to
be the asylum for the oppressed of
the world.
Law Came Just in Time.
“The three per cent act ended the
asylum idea Just in time to prevent
the United States from becoming the
almshouse of the world (run by its
inmates) and I desire to give full cred
it to the members of the house immi
gration committee, of which I have the
honor to be chairman, for sticking to
the idea of restriction, and for forcing
furward a bill which refused to die
until it was superseded by the Dilling
ham act, which both houses passed and
which President Harding signed.
“I hold the firm belief that the Unit
ed States will never go back to any
scheme that will welcome the un
counted millions of rhe four corners
of the world to our young, new coun
try, in which, with its billions of acres
of land and resourced yet untouched,
fathers and mothers are even now ly
ing awake nights wondering what If
to become of their children.”
Under the Dillingham acts the gates
of the United States are now closed
and have been closed for several
months to the following countries: All
African lands, Atlantic Islands, Aus
tralia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Greece, Hun
gary, Italy, Jugo-Slnvla, Luxemburg,
other Asin, other Europe, Palestine,
Poland, New Zealand. Rumania, Switz
erland, Syria, Turkey and the Smyrna
district.
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CDLUR/lDa 17JDR/VE DooJ ' e
MDFFAT TUNNEL
6 M/LES TNRUUGN
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By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN
|HE State of Colorado will
I drive a six-mile tunnel
I through James Peak (13.-
I 283 feet) un the Con-
I tinental Divide of the
I Colorado Rockies for the
I “Moffat Road.” The Mos
-1 fat tunnel will cost nearly
I seven million dollars —
I three and one-half mil
" lions for buring and three
and one-half millions for
7
complete transportation equipment.
The work will begin this fall and Its
completion is set for 1925.
By the construction of the Muftat
tunnel Colorado expects to bring
about the following results:
Give a new transcontinental trunk
line to the nation at once, shorter and
more scenic than any other.
Develop the Colorado western slope
of the Rockies—an “undiscovered
country” of vast potential riches.
Increase the state’s population and
put Denver on the railroad map aud
make It a city of 500,000 people.
For a generation Colorado has been
talking of tunneling James Peak. Den
ver voted ten years ago to extend its
credit for financing the Moffat tunnel,
but the courts declared against the
constitutionality of the plan. Tnls
time the state of Colorado has passed
an act under which the counties
benefited most by the tunnel constitute
a bonding district (Indicated on map
by shaded portion) and raise the funds
by sale of bonds.
The progress of the Moffat runnel
will be watched with sentimental in
terest by hundreds of thousands of
people in every nook and cranny of
Lie United States. As tourists they
have made a trip on the Moffat road
from ( Denver over the Continental
Divide; have played in the snow In
July at Corona (11.660 feet) where
the road breaks all world altitude
records; have exclaimed over the ma
jestic scenery, and have marveled at
the daring and skill of the men who
found the way and bored the tunnels
and laid the rails.
Not a few of them will thrill at the
thought that at last the vision of
David Halliday Moffat is to be real
ized. For this Denver pioneer miner,
bunker and railroad builder dreamed
a dream that was a prophetic vision.
Denver Is the gateway to thirty-two
national parks and monuments. Nine
railroads enter it. Nevertheless. It ■
Is not, strictly speaking, on the rail
road map.
For behind the city rises the Colo- >
rado Continental Divide, which says 1
to the railroads:
“Come not across—go around 1“
And the railroads have gone around,
making wide detours to the north and
south on their way to the Pacific. 1
Thus they have left Denver In a 1
pocket and have passed far from the
western slope of the Continental
Divide in Colorado and Utah —a region
bigger than all New England and of
fabulous potential riches.
Moffat dared the terrors of the Con-
Giraffe’s Neck a Weapon
The giraffe, which has neither daws
nor sharp teeth, would be .'treatly at
the mercy of its enemies were it not
for its long neck, which provea an
excellent weapon of defense. This
long and pliable member terminates in
a very solid head and It uses ..he upper
part of itself like a flail swing
ing It* neck round and bringing its
head down at each swing with a
thump on its antagonist When two
I WORLD'S BIG TUNNELS C
c I
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! Simplon, Swltzernuid—ltaly 12.9 J
I St. Gothard, Switzerland—ltaly.. 9.2 !
I Ix>etachberK. Swimp Alps 9.U g
■ Mt. Ceiiis, Frunze—ltaly S.O |
■ Moffat. Colorado €.3 I
I Arlberg:, Austria ■
I Rlckeu, Switzerland.... 5.8 j
I Ttiuern. Austria 5.3 !
I Ronco, Italy 5.2 g
• Trnda, Italy 5.0 I
( Trannundeun. Chile—Argentina... 5.0 I
g Connaught. C'unada 5.0 1
■ lluoeac, Maegachuaetta 4.8 !
tinental Divide. He organized the
Denver, North Western & Pacific —
which the people promptly named the
“Moffat Road.” He started his road
straight west over the Continental
Divide for Salt Lake City.
The engineers went into the field
December 31, 1902, and stayed on the
job three straight years, wlntei and
summer. They climbed on slopes
where a misstep meant death. They
hung from ropes in deep gorges. On
snowshoes and sklls they •uveled
among the peaks of the divide tar
above timber line In Arctic tempera
tures. But they found away
tuous and difficult though It was—for
a first class railroad.
Into this work Moffat poured his
personal fortune of many millions. The
coqt of construction was appalling since
Moffat would have nothing but n
broad-gauge standard railroad for
transcontinental traffic. The grading
and tunnel work alone on the first
fifty miles out of Denver cost on an
average $60,000 a mile, and the thirty
five miles from the point where the
road begins to climb the foothills to
the site of the jiroposed tunnel cost
SIOO,OOO a mile. These figures include
only the tunnel work and grading, and
not the cost of ties, rails, the labor
of laying the track and the expendi
tures for stations, water tanks and
equipment. One particularly difficult
mile actually cost $265,000. On the
77 miles from Denver to Arrowhead,
which is over the Continental Divide
In Middle Park, there are thirty-four
tunnels. In one stretch of eleven miles
there are twenty-nine tunnels through
solid granite.
The cost of operation ovei the
divide In winter was also appalling.
So Moffat planned to bore through
James Peak and dodge the snowdrifts
of timber line (11.500 feet) by going
through the living granite.
Then came the time of financial
difficulties. Moffat exhausted bis
enormous resources. Promised support
failed him. His name was anathema
to transcontinental roads. Finally he
died—with his road only completed
to Craig—23l miles from Denver. Re
organization of the company has
changed the name of the road to the
Denver & Sall Lake —but It will al
ways be the Moffat road to the people.
Governor Shoup has appointed a
tunnel commission of five members
to serve until August 31 ; succeeding
commissioners will be elected. It has
giraffe* meet in combat they use pre
cisely the same tactics. The two ani
mals. planting themselves as firmly
at* possible, and stretching out all four
legs to the utmost, stano opposite to
each other and hammer away with
their heads until one or the othex has
had enough.
Office Phone Her Mirror.
The tired business girl simply must
have her vanity box in proximity and
the hand mirror especially must ma
terialize when she wishes II to. It ir-
PAGE SEVEN
organized with William P. Robinson
of Denver as president and Maj. L. D.
Bia:, veil as chief construction engi
neer.
The Moffat tunnel will cut the high
est altitude of the Moffat road from
11.660 teet down to 9.220 feet. The
elevation of the east portal is V.l’.M)
feet and of the west portal 6,100 feet.
It will eliminate snow sheds, and re
duce its maximum 4 per cent grades
to 2 per cent grades and its maximum
16 degrees curve at Yankee Doodle
Lake to 10 degrees.
The construction of 324 miles over
comparatively level country westward
from Craig will carry the Moffat road
to Salt Lake and shorten tiie shortest
railroad distance by 73 miles. By
the construction of a cut-off of forty
one miles from Orestod on the Moffat
line to Dotsero on the lien ver & Rio
Grande Western tiie distance from
Denver to Glenwood Springs would
reduced from 343 miles to 173 miles.
The tunnel will probably be 24 feet
high and 16 feet wide, (me truck
ill be laid. Electric power will be
used. Automobiles will be transported
on fiat cars. Ultimately the tunnel may
also curry water across the divide.
Construction will probably begin nt
each end at the same time mid a
parallel pioneer or auxiliary tunnel
will be built. Tine would furnish
water, compressed air and ventilation,
facilitate excavation and allow sev
eral gangs to work at once From
(MM) to 1,000 men will be employed.
Colorado Is rejoicing over the fact
that the Moffat tunnel will bring
closer the eastern and western slopes
of the state, now practically separated
by the Continental Divide. Last
winter when the Moffat road was
snowed under there was dungei of
the northwestern part of the state
starving and volunteer workers turned
out to dig out the line.
Moreover, the western slope, both
In Colorado and Utah, is a veritable
land of natural riches, according to
a survey of the area made by Prof.
Russel D. George, state geologist of
Colorado. According to his report oil
shale deposits underlie a territory of
approximately 7.(M)0 square miles In
northwestern Colorado and north
eastern Utah alone, besides available
coal; both bituminous and anthracite,
aggregating 65.000,000.000 tons. There
are also deposits of an asphaltic na
ture. In addition to clay, carnotite
and copper ores, gold. Iron, gypsum,
graphite, lead, manganese, mercury,
molybdenum, marble, salt, scoria,
silver, slate, sulphur, tungsten and
zinc. There Is also any amount of
water power.
So Steamboat Springs luis already
had a celebration attended by thou
sands from all the region round about.
Denver plans to stage a state cele
bration when work begins In the fall.
ritates the busy steuogrupher to have
to rummage around the desk for the
mirror. A stenographer in a small
downtown Jaw office does away with
much waste motion by utilizing a
piece of the office furniture. One day
while looking for the elusive mirror
the phone hell rang, and being con
scientious she decided In favor of her
duty. She discovered that the nickel
plated rim about the nmtithhlece of
the phone served the piirpose nf n
looking glass. She no longer worries
about her mirror.—Chicago lournai.

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