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WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1922.
Horse Guards Parade Before King George r z'WTA'trWt lf—pygrsawffi l - 1 .>•"-x.<■.•■,•• - ♦■< n».» V .W&lB i ' ■■■ ■■■■) V«* ~X ~ f.' -s. i wiwirgsggfte- ii Wa, fl t 3W lIJESWB Fl ’* r '""' ; ’ •<, ~’~ ,~ t ' :a Sf O« iJ-r3 .; . d «jffl|Kp t HB w y im. i i EW - j Here Is one of the picturesque ceremonies that took place in London on the king's birthday—the parade of the Horse Guards before King George. How Italy Helps ' Her Unemployed Great Construction Work Being Carried Out by the Opera del Combattenti. BILLIONS OF LIRE ARE PAID Policy Contemplates Using Money as Investment to Benefit the State — Reclaiming Marsh Land— Roads and Railways Built. Rome. —In spite of the low state of national finance Italy is attempting to carry out a broad program for the relief of war veterans and the unem ployed by means of land reclamation snd other public works. Italy denis with its problem of war veterans through the Opera Na z ionale del Combattenti, organized In Decem ber, 1917, with an Initial capital of 300.000,000 lire, of which the govern- j „ tnent contributed 250.000,000. The has a social section for voca tional training and placing, a financial section for providing credit to indi vidual soldiers or co-operatl ze groups, and an agricultural section, which concentrates on land reclamation. Relief for Unemployed. The general unemployment problem continues to be taken seriously by the government, although there is no fear now of revolutionary outbreaks as the result of the lack of work. In the last few weeks the number of unemployed has decreased slightly, but there are still more than half a million men out of work. Arrangements are almost completed for starting the public works authorized last August for the relief of the situation, but at the moment the apportioning of funds and the Increase of the amount of work to be undertaken Is occupying the cham ber of deputies. The public works ,/ appropriation Is the parliamentary pork barrel rs the country. Signor Riccio, minister of public works, is attempting to hold the bal ance between the deputies competing for apportionments and to protect the national budget from being swamped with more projects than It can stand. He stated in the chamber the other day that In the first three months of this year there has already been paid out for labor on public works 1,300.- 000,000 lire, as against 258.000.000 in the whole year of 1914. He added that although the minister of finance had authorized fie expenditure of 3.000,000.000 more for public labor this year, he did not see where the money was coming from. The grave depression In the metal lurgical districts of Milan and Turin Is threatening to throw more men on the streets, and as usual the condi tion of unemployment In the province of Emilia Is widespread. The situation In Emilia is typical of the sort of problem Italian state offi cials have to face. For the last 20 years the province has been greatly overpopulated, but the surplus citi zens have refused to emlgnte. There s U. S. CUTS DOWN TRAVEL ABUSES No More Jaunts in Vacation at Expense of Government. Uncle Sam Clanfps Down the Lid on Government Railroad Travel Vouchers—Saving of Many Millions Being Effected. Washington.—There will be no mer ry skylarking this summer by Uncle Sam's army of workers nt seashore and mountain tops a* government ex pense. Your Uncle Sam has put a crimp In free travel abuses. The lid has been clamped on government railroad travel vouchers. In other years thousands have flocked to the summer resorts on the easily procured travel slips. The young “swell” or “pretty doll” on the government payroll In the old days ran the gamut of ‘'business” ex cuses, and drew free travel checks besides the usual per diem allowance is therefore a chronic floating popu lation of day laborers who practically are a charge on the state. Plans of Reclamation. The government’s policy of public works Is a sound one in that the money spent constitutes an invest ment which in future years will more than pay for Itself. Instead of pro viding "busy work” the ministry is carrying out a far-sighted scheme for the transformation of malarial marsh lands into fertile territory. Since 18G0 the government has obtained more than 339,000.000 lire in plus value from its reclaimed lands. For this work the government spent 57,- 783.310 lire for reclaiming 394.027 acres, and private consortiums spent an equal amount, but recovered 394,- 027 acres. This year the government has appropriated 80.000,000 lire for reclamation of land in eight provinces and work began in March. Other projects of the government are equally constructive. Roads and railways are being built in Sicily and Calabria, and In the latter province SURGERY IS AN ANCIENT SCIENCE Were Skilled in Treating Diseases 3,000 Years Ago. Delicate Operations, Hitherto Thought Modern, Revealed by Egyptian Document—Shows Evidence of Advanced Knowledce. Chicago.—The restoration of youth to the aged, attempted recently by means of animal glands, was also at tempted at least 3,000 years ago, ac cording to Dr. James 11. Breasted of the University of Chicago. An "In cantation of Transforming an Old Man Into a Youth of Twenty” is set forth tn the Edwin Smith papyrus, the Egyptian document which Doctor Breasted has declared contains un paralleled evidence of advanced knowledge and scientific spirit on the part of Egyptian physicians of 1800 B. C. or earlier. The incantation, on the contrary, he said, is characterized by reliance on hocus-pocus. Doctor Breasted's theory is that an extraordinary book on sur gery and external medicine fell into the hands of a quack who was more interested in charms for making old men young, and who had the incongru ous texts combined in the same roll. Thus In the papyrus magical formulae Jostle an exposition of delicate surgi cal operations heretofore believed to be decidedly modern. The handwriting indicates that it was probably written about 1800 B. C., and it was thought to be a copy of a manuscript that Is at least a thou sand years older. The original may have been written as early as 3400 B. C., it Is thought. by some of the words which appear In the manuscript and which were long out of vogue in 1800 B. C. for subsistence while absent from Washington. Later on the usual thirty days an nual vacation leave with pay allowed government workers was utilized to drive dull care away. Now, however, under a rigid econ omy drive, useless travel by govern ment officials or employees of any rank is forbidden. Bureau chiefs are held responsible strictly for abuses of the free travel privilege. It Is effecting a saving to the treasury of many millions of dol lars annually. Treasury exports declare that In preceding years the government out lay for this purpose was something In the nature of a scandal. Every government department lias its corps of special Investigators and experts, many of whom want to gallop at will nt government expense. Until recently officials complained that the hardest work performed by # * ; Bandit Amused Child ! J As Pals Rob Father 5 4 * t With her father and his clerk t J bound and gagged nearby, three- J i year-old Sarali Auster laughed * J merrily as one bandit played $ » with her while three others * J rifled her daddy’s Jewelry store \ f in New York city. She gave J J up the game reluctantly when ' * the quartet fled with several J J thousand dollars’ worth of loot, t * The little girl watched with J \ interest while the bandits bound , * and gagged her father and his J J clerk. Then, twirling ids watch. * J one robber said: "You come J t and play with me, kiddie.” and t J she did so until the job had J t been completed and the robbers * J had left with their loot. J Z * the government is building artificial lakes to store water for the hydro electric plants in the Sila plateau. This part of the country being dry, irrigation and not draining is the problem, and the government has of fered to help local irrigation consor tiums by paying one-third of the cost of irrigation projects of benefit to the whole country. The manuscript also contains “The Incantation of Expelling the Wind of the Year of Pest." This shows the widely prevalent notion which Ims persisted to the present day that the winds carry malignant plagues. The last two parts of the papyrus are written in a very different handwrit ing from the front page. The columns in front treat of the head, the mouth, the neck and the spine, here the papyrus stops, but it Is evident that the remainder treated the lower body. The first group of ten cases de scribed treat of wounds of the head, of which seven are knife and sword wounds. The surgeon is Instructed how to probe the wound and in case of a severe knife wound told, “You should have made for him a wooden brace padded with linen (and have) the head fastened to it. His treat ment should be sitting, placed between two supports of brick, until you know whether he is making any progress.” Case 8 deals with “a fracture of the skull under the skin." The surgeon is told to operate, to open at the point of contusion, and “to elevate the depres sion outward." It is possible trephin ing Is involved here; if so it is the earliest mention of it in history. Woman's Love Fails to Lift. Denver. Colo. John Randolph, thief, whose wife said she was for merly Miss Elizabeth Calhoun, a graduate of the University of Chicago and daughter of Mrs. C. W. Dawson, wealthy resident of Kankakee, 111., was sentenced the other day by Dis trict Judge Butler to serve from five to nine years in the penitentiary. Mrs. Randolph declared she married Ran dolph to reform him after her mother. Mrs. Dawson, had secured his release from the Missouri state penitentiary. some of this class was that of draw ing their semi-monthly pay. The efficiency and economy pro gram has done much to speed up work, and to eliminate waste time and waste motion. Under reorganization plans government workers do not find Idleness such a Joy as in the days of old. Tills has come through the program of reducing the bureaus to normal strength. It has meant a lot of trim ming In personnel. Still a lot more will be done before peace time basis Is reached. Hen Slays Rat. Barbourville, Ky.—A singular com bat was staged at the home of Charles Smith here, when a rt. trying to capture the chicks of a bantam hen. attacked them. The hen Immediately went to the rescue and nil that was to be seen was the feathered bantu.n covering the rat and jiecking vio lently at the intruder. The rat pm up a l.ard fight, but the bantam perked out Its eyes aud then proceeded to kill it. Uncle Sam's zlUlßf P ensian Ralls li ~ g • ~i Kt I 1 III 1 • \ z 4'” \ ) I -(A / "S w T J I ' \ / f-flWitws nfBE J W W fesfljMwL/ ZSWinraqFIMB , 7 By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN NCLE SAM’S pension > rolls are naturally brought to mind by the days that the nation has observed for 1922 —Lin- coln’s birthday. Memo rial day. Flag day and the Fourth of July. And discussion over bonus legislation continually J brings them to the fore. Republics are popularly said to be ungrateful. They may be, but the United States pensions are a tremendously big thing. According to the figures at the end of the 1921 fiscal year the following pensioners were on Uncle Sam’s rolls: War of 1812, widows. 64. War with Mexico (1847)7 soldiers, widows, et al., 2,135. Indian wars, soldiers, widows, et al., 3,784. War with Spain (1898), soldiers, widows, et al., 31,066. Civil war, soldiers, wMows, et al., 218,775. World w’ar, soldiers, widows, et al.. 82. Regular establishment, soldiers, wid ows, et al., 4,081. By classes, the pensioners are: Soldiers, 267,629; widows, 290,9.55; minors, 2,163; helpless children, 919; other dependents, 4,285; nurses, 102; total of all classes, 566,053. The total paid as pensions from 1866 to 1921 is $5,993,086,114. The largest number of pensioners on the rolls was 994,446 in 1902. The largest number of Civil war sol diers on the roll was The deaths in this division in 1921 were: Soldiers, 24,775; widows, 19,- 451. Forty-nine widows of soldiers who fought In the War of 1812 are still alive —or were on Memorial day, 1922. This is one of the many astonishing and interesting facts brought out by examination of the pension rolls. They are very old, th/ase widows, and In the I course of human events will not much longer be Uncle Sam’s pensioners. There were 71 in 1920 and 64 In 1921. And now there are 49. The oldest Is one hundred and four and the young est Is sixty two. Three are centena rians; eight are over ninety; 22 are octogenarians; the remainder, wit) cne exception, are over seventy. Mrs. Elizabeth Riggles Tyler,lo2 South Cary street, Baltimore, Md., is the old est of this remarkable body of women. She is the widow of Private George W. Tyler of the Maryland militia. In the War of 1812 he was a seaman .>n one of the ships that participated In the battle of Fort McHenry, which Inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner." In tiie forties and fifties Tyler was the skip per of famous American clipper ships. He died in 1862, the commander of a Union supply ship, having thus served his country in two wars. The husbands of these "1812 wid ows” served In the militias of 13 states, as follows: Connecticut, I; 1 Green-Mountain Boys The Green-Mountnln Boys were a band of Vermont settlers, organized In 1773, under the leadership of Ethan Allen, Seth Baker and others, for the purpose of protecting them selves against the attempts of the governor of New York to drive them from their lands and take possession of their territory, on the ground that it belonged to New York, under the charter granted by Charles 11. During —-"■'v—MT Georgia, 4; Kentucky, 1; Maryland, 4; Massachusetts, 2; Mississippi, 1; New Jersey, 1; New York, 5; North Carolina, 2; Ohio, 2; South Carolina. 3; Tennessee, 2; Virginia, 15. One was a midshipman on the U. S. S. Con stitution; one a seaman on the U. S. S. Comet; one a private in the U. S. Ar tillery; one a seaman on the U. S. S. President; one a private In the Sev enth U. S. Infantry. These widows now live in 21 states, 10 of which were not In existence when their husbands fought for the Flag. The “baby” of the number, only six ty-two, and the youngest by 11 years, is Mrs. Arminia I. Anderson of Cedar Grove, Ga., the widow of Musician Robert Anderson of the South Caro lina militia. Several of these “1812 widows” are sprightly old ladies. Mrs. Matilda Showacre of New Market. Md., one hundred and one years, the widow of Private Showacre of the Maryland Militia, reads her Bible and newspa per every day, and goes about the house and climbs stairs with a cane. She has 2 children, 15 grandchildren, and 15 great-grnndchildren. There are 73 veterans of the Mexi can war on Uncle Sam’s pension rolls. What history these old fighting men have seen! They fought in a war when all the Union stood together, saw or took part in a war when the North and South fought each other, and in two later wars saw a reunited nation again battling under the Stars and Stripes against a foreign foe. Memo ries of nearly all the brilliant suc cesses of the Mexican war are recalled by this roll —Vera Cruz, Matamoras, Monterey, Palo Alta, Chapultepec, Buena Vista, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Churumisco. Os these Mexican veterans all are ninety or ovea, except two, and they are past eighty-nine. The oldest of them, William Roddeto of Cross Plains, Tenn., of the Third Tennessee volunteers, is nearing his one hundred and second birthday, another has passed his ninety-eighth milepost, seven have celebrated their ninety-sev enth anniversary, five are more than ninety-six, another six are ninety-five, sixteen have seen ninety-four sum mers come and go. and there are fif teen in the ninety-three-year class, 1 seven are more than ninety-two and I eight have passed the ninety-first mile- i stone. The other five are all nearing ! the ninety-first mark. These veterans —more’s the pity!— will not bp with us long. Already their average age Is ninety-three and one half years—more then 13 years above the average age of the “1812 widows” , —which Is a little over elglity-live. . Those who have passed the ninety three and one-half year average are: j 1 Abney, George IL. Clay. Miss., 94. • the Revolutionary war the Green- Mountain Boys. 3<X) In number, led by Ethan Allen, rendered great service In securing the passes Into Canada, and thus preventing the British troops from overrunning Vermont. Why Does Water Rise to Tree Top? One of the most puzzling questions In botany is, "Why or how does wa ter rise to the top of a free?" Vari ous explanations of the phenomenon have been proposed, but none is re garded as altogether satisfactory. One PAGE SEVEN South Carolina Volunteers, the Pal metto Reghneht. Ballard. Thomas IL, St. Joseph Ky., 94. Fourth Kentucky Volunteers. Bartleson. Augustus C., Muskogee. Okla., 94, Second Bllnols Volunteers. Baskett, James P., Onaga, Kan., 97, First Missouri Mounted Volunteers. Benson, William V., Los Angeles, 95, Second Illinois Infantry. Boyd, James F. Dinuba, Cal., 95, First Arkansas Cavalry. Brown, Calvin M., Ina. 111., 94, Sec ond Illinois Foot Volunteers. Brown, James N., Concord, N. C. t 94, First North Carolina Volunteers. Buckner, William Camden, N. J., 94, Second Missouri Mounted Vol unteers. Chandeur, Urban, San Francisco, 98, Tenth United States Infantry. Choate, Gabriel, Field Creek, Texas, 95. Texas Rangers. Clark, Amos, Bandera, Texas, 96, Third United States Infantry. Davis, William K., Admiral, Texas, 94, First Virginia Volunteers. Flowers, Levy, Glencoe, Okla., 96, Second Missouri Mounted Infantry. Genovely, Alfred, Louisville, Ky., 94, Sixteenth United States Infantry. Glllihun, William W., Blandinsville, 111., 95, Gray’s Battalion, Arkansas Volunteers. Gonder, Danie, Rippey, lowa, 96, Second Ohio Volunteers. Hardy, John A., Flat Rock, Hl., 94, Third Ohio Volunteers. Harrod, James, Los Angeles, 94, First United States Artillery. Jordan, Enoch G., Chapman, Kan., 97, First Louisiana Volunteers. Kirk, Thomas A., Milano, Texas, 96, Texas Mounted Volunteers. McGuire, William, Balton, Ont., 97, New York Volunteers. Madara, Peter 8., Reading, Pa., 97, Second Pennsylvania Infantry. Mitchell, James, Princeton, Ky., 95, Fourth Kentucky Infantry. Read, John, Perry, 111., 95, Four teenth United States Infantry. Repseto, William, Cross Plains, Tenn., 101, Third Tennessee Volun teers. Shirk, James W., Vonore, Tenn., 97, Fifth Tenessee Volunteers. Stough, Oliver J., Sun Diego, Cal., 94. Third Ohio Infantry. Thompson. Calvin R., Smithshire, 111., 96, Second Indiana Infantry. Truesdale. Matthew C., Kempner, Texas, 97, First Tennessee Volunteers. Wedlg. John, Granite City, 111., 97, First United States Dragoons. Williams. Isaiah IL. Jr., Stafford, Kan.. 94, First lowa Volunteers. Wise, Josephus C„ Ladonia, Texas, 94. Third Tennessee Volunteers. Wright, Chanies, lonia. Mo., 94, First Missouri Mounted Volunteers. These Mexican veterans and their comrades won a war which fixed the i boundary of Texas at the Rio Grande ' and gave us the region now occupied I by California. Nevada, most of Ari- I zona. New Mexico, Utah and a part of • Colorado. Investigator attacked the problem by means of Interesting and novel ex periments. For instance. e con structed an artificial tree of plaster of purls and found that water moved upward in it, more than 46 feet high. Yet he was unable to base any defi nite conclusion upon the results .hat he obtained. The water travels a large part of the way In a film, be tween bubbles on one side nd the wall of the conducting vessel „n the other. But the physical properties of the film are yet unknown.