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The Cody enterprise and the Park County enterprise. (Cody, Wyo.) 1921-1923, August 23, 1922, Image 7

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WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1922.
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’IERE Is n movement in
many civilized nations for
Independent citizenship for
married women. The convic
tion that the citizenship of
married women ought to be
a genuine right which can-
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not be tn ken away from het
or granted to her without her full
knowledge, consent, or wish is not
confined to legislative proceedings or
resolutions In this country. In April
1922, a bill was Introduced in the
French senate providing that the
French woman who marries an alien
retains her French citizenship unless
she makes formal declaration that she
prefers to take the nationality of her
husband. In Englund a bill, which 59
women’s organizations of the British
Empire heartily Indorsed, dealing with
Independent citizenship of married
women has lately been brought before
the house of commons. It provides
for the restoration of their British
citizenship to British women who have
married aliens.
The International Council of Worn
en. the largest of the International or
ganizations of women In representing
the greatest number of countries, at
its meeting nt Copenhagen two years
ago expressed In a resolution tlie be
lief of women of many countries that
the citizenship of married women
should be upon an independent basis
and their sincere conviction that legis
lative bodies will soon come to recog
nize the Justice and common sense of
the women’s stand in the matter.
In this country he principle of In
dependent citizenship for married
women has been Indorsed by both the
Republican and Democratic parties
and was incorporated in their 1920
platforms. In congress there is pend*
Inga bill (H. R. 12022) relative to the
naturalization and citizenship of mar
ried women. It is indorsed by the
American Association of University
Women. National Federation of Busi
ness nnd Professional Women. Coun
cil of Jewish Women, General Federa
tlon of Women’s Clubs, National
League of Women Voters. National
Women’s Trade Union league and the
Women’s Christian Temperance union.
The Carnegie foundation made a
special investigation to determine the
’’ attifude of various Judges exercising
iurisdictlon In naturalization cases,
nnd In that study replies from 350
Judges were 2 to 1 in favor of natural
izing women ns Individuals, nnd prac
tically 2 to 1 in favor of allowing nn
American woman tn retain her citizen
ship regardless of marriage to an alien.
Representative John L. Cable of
Ohio Is the author of the bill now
pending In the house. In committee of
the whole the other day, Mr. Cable
made a speech In support of his bill.
Following are some of the points he
brought out:
•‘A woman’s citizenship should not be
Shelley’s Sense of Humor
He cared little for comedy, at least
in his early years. He was too In
tense. too deeply grieved over the im
perfections of life. His sense of humor
(Kveßped later than his other facul
ties. ’ ut a lively sense of fun be ni
wnyvt had. writes Gertrude Slaughter
In the North American Review. He
OtM for serious books. Just as he
p»*eferre<| serious discussions to Jok'»s
and baiitor. Yet he would burst Into
determined by her marital status. Jus
tice and common sense should permit
a married woman to act upon her own
wishes and qualifications for natural
ization rather than those of her hus
band.
“A natural-born American must wait
21 years before she or he is permitted
to participate in the government of
this country. A foreign-born man or
single woman who comes to this coun
try and resides here continuously for
five years, if he qualifies before the
courts, may become naturalized and
acquire the right of suffrage. But a
foreign-born woman who comes to this
country one day automatically be
comes an American citizen the next
if she marries an A nerican citizen or
If her husband becomes naturalized.
With one day’s period of residence, as
compared to the natural-bom Ameri
can’s 21 years of residence, she ac
quires the same rights, privileges, and
benefits in and to our government. She
is not required to be able to speak
the English language, to know of our
customs and laws, our Constitutive,
and to be attached to the principles of
our government; she does not even
Have to renounce allegiance to her
foreign ruler and take the oath of
allegiance to Uncle Sain.
“Citizenship in this country should
not depend on the marriage status,
hut should be based upon loyalty to
<>ur country and a knowledge of its
language and laws, as well as a wish
or desire to become an American citi
zen. On the other hand, under our
present law a married alien woman
who may have resided in this country
for many years and who has learned
to love America, who knows our
language, our customs, our laws, can
not become an American citizen ex
cept by the naturalization of her hus
band. Why should her citizenship
depend upon the will of her husband?
“The bill under consideration repeals
that section of the present law
which provides ‘Any woman who is
now or who may hereafter be married
to a citizen of the United States and
who might herself be lawfully natur
alized shall be deemed a citizen,' and
in Its place provides that when an
alien woman marries an American, or
when her husband becomes naturalized,
she does not automatically became an
American citizen, but if she also de
sires to become an American citizen
she may do so by being naturalized
through a shortened process.
“The present law permitting the
naturalization of foreign born deals
directly with the husband and father
and gives the wife and mother bin
secondary consideration. The husband
is the one who is edUGftted. He is the
one who must learn to speak the
English language, to 1 now our coun
try. Its Constitution, and laws. He
Is the one who must be attached to
the principles of our nation. He only
gales of laughter. He was the best
of companions, a master of the art of
conversation, the friend of children;
and his pleasure In boats was nn un
failing enthusiasm, whether he made
them of paper nnd sailed on them In
Imagination or pulled at the oars on
the Thames or the Arno or floated on
that fatal sea which nobody else has
.{produced In such living forms.
How New Yorkers Use Telephone.
There are more thap 4,500.000 tele
phone culls a day in New York city.
I renounces allegiance to his foreign
ruler, and In most cases he only ap
pears in open court and declares on
oath that he will support and defend
the Constitution. The husband is the
one who must be fitted and pre
pared for his part as an American
citizen. Even the children are sent to
public schools, but what of the wife:
The true process of naturalization
should include the education of the
mother of this immigrant family. The
mothers’ influence and guidance would
be lost to the family without the edu
cation that naturalization proceedings
provide and require. My bill is in
tended to permit this wife and mother
to learn something about the country
She is the one who should guide these
children and ought to have the same
privilege of an education as the father
“Under the present law ‘any Amer
lean woman wno marries a foreigner
shall take the nationality of her bus
band.’ This bill repeals that provi
sion of law In line with the Republican
and Democratic national platforms
The Republican platform in part pro
vides: ‘An American woman resident
in the United States shall not lose her
citizenship I marriage to an alien.’
“And the Democratic platform deal
ing with this subject advocates: “Fed
eral legislation which shall Insure that
American women resident in the United
States, but married to aliens,, shall re
tain their American citizenship.
“In my opinion the rich American
woman who marries a title and lives
abroad should cease to have the priv
ileges and benefits of an American
citizen, and under my bill special pro
vision is made that if she resides con
tinuously for two years in the country
of which her husband Is a citizen or
subject, or resides continuously for
five years abroad, she Is presumed to
have ceased to be an American citizen
“But there are many American girls
who marry foreign-born and who con
tinue to reside in this country. Their
loyalty and fidelity is with the United
States. Since the nineteenth amend
ment grants equal suffrage to women,
so also should they have equa' rights
with reference to citizenship. An
American citizen who marries nn alien
girl still retains his citizenship; so
also should the American girl who
marries the alien man. We should
not relinquish our rights to legislate
or withdraw our country’s protection
from natural-born American
women; their pers< nal and property
rights should be determined by our
laws ; and we should not by legisla
tive action surrender this rig t to any
foreign nation.
“The purpose of the bill Is to place
citizenship on the highest plane pos
sible. It Is a privilege nnd not a right.
Participation in our government nnd
the protection by our country should
not be determined In the case of mar
ried women solely by a marriage cere
mony.”
Flight of Duc’xs.
The Americana says that: “AH
ducks nre very strong and swift on the
wing, and many of them make semi
annual migrations between the trop
ics and the shore of the Arctic ocean,
nnd their flight is known to attain a
speed of 100 miles an hour for short
distances in the case of certain species.’
Venice Built on Severty islets.
About 60,000 is the estimated popu
latlon of Venice, which is built on
between 70 and 80 islets.
Illinois Troops Keeping the Peace in Bloomington
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Bloomington, 111., has been one of the “bad’’ spots in the railway shopmen’s strike and state troops have been
on guard there. A machine-gun section Is here shown in the Chicago and Alton machine shops.
Real Hobo Is
Friend of Work
Denver Dutchy Declares That i
Wanderers Bear Brunt of
Many Tasks.
BEMOANS THE DEAR OLD DAYS
Old Thoroughbred Tramp Has Passed
and Profession Has Petered Out —
Only in Comics Do You See
Tried and True Tramp.
Seattle, Wash. —Where are the
tramps of yesterday?—those aptly
dubbed “knights of the road,” who, in
hakyun days, were a common sight
along stretches of railroad right-of
ways, throughout the country. Shift
less, happy-go-lucky fellows they were
—readily identified as “wandering
Willies,” or members of the roving
meifdlcant fraternity, by their make
shift hats, unkempt and usually un
washed stubble beards, ill-fitting
patched trousers, nondescript coats,
battered and tattered over-sized
shoes, but, best of all, by the tools
of their “trade,” a tin can and ban
dana handkerchief bundle which they
carried on the end of a short stick
over the shoulders.
“Alas, poor Dusty Rhodes! I knew
him well, Horatio!” moaned Denver
Dutchy, a more or less retired veteran
of the road, as he gently closed a
grimy paper-bound edition of Emer
son’s Essays, which he had been read
ing for diversion while “beating it a
division.” several weeks ago in a box
car from Pueblo to Denver, Colo., over
the Colorado & Southern railroad. His
traveling companion and confidante
of the last three days, the reporter, a
mere novice, whose experience as a
hobo consisted of a trifling 23,000
miles covered at intervals during a pe
riod of four years, had asked for rem
iniscences of the old days when “box
cars were box cars, and men were
men,” stirred by fond memories of the
past, was visibly* affected.
Bemoans Dear Old Days.
“Ah, will those dear days ever come
again,” he said almost sadly, shifting
his weight as the train took a sharp
curve and rumbled Into a long, dark
tunnel in the mountain side. When
daylight again showed through the
open door Dutchy continued: “I think
not. The old thoroughbred tramp has
passed, and the profession has petered
out. Only in the comics do you see
the tried nnd true tramp of yesterday.
"Tramp life is a different life now
from what it was ten years ago. And
what makes It different Is this: The
old-time tramp was on the road to do
ns little work ns possible. When he
needed a stake to hold him over the
winter In the North there were plenty
of jobs in almost any town where he
could put in a few days’ worfc and
come clear with enough pioney to live
for a few weeks. On the road he
could always tackle a woodpile for
some ‘kind lady’ nnd get fed. Then,
again, the Jungles in every town were
always full of ‘bos’ who had plenty of
food they had bummed or had bought.
“Getting was easy In those days,”
Dutchy went on. “But now! There
nre several million men on the road —
trumps’and bums all —but they’re not
on the road because they want to be.
Unemployment has put them there.
Homeless, penniless and sometimes
friendless, they are beating It from
one town to another looking for work.
Few Realize Hardships.
“People in the city with Jobs don’t
know what a hobo Is up against. For
that matter few of them know what a
hobo, In the true sense of the word, is.
They don’t know that a real hobo is a
traveling workman who does some of
the hardest nnd poorest pnld labor in
the United States. Who harvests the
great grain crops of the Middle West
eacfi yenr? Hobos who drift In from
nil over the countr.v harvest It. They
also build the railroads, irrigation
projects nnd other construction Jobs;
■mt the timber in the often-lous.v log
ring camps, harvest the Ice crops,
< rk In mines nnd oil fields, nnd per
•mi other work that lasts for only
short time nnd which only the drift-
ers will tackle. A hobo will only bum 1
when he is down and out and can’t 1
work out a meal.”
Denver Dutchy said many other 1
things. Subsequent investigation finds
that he is correct. The hobo Is a
worker.
Conditions on the road are pitiful.
In parts of the country where the un
employment situation Is not critical
the life Is not so hard, but in portions
where it is, as In the entire Southwest,
many hobos are leading a life that is
really worse than that of a hunted
animal. Railroad detectives and spe
cial agents chase them off trains and
out of railroad yards and the local
police order them out of towns or
arrest them for vagrancy.
Drastic Laws Against Them.
Many states, especially Texas, have
drastic laws under which a man must
serve from one to eleven months on
road chain gangs If found guilty of
vagrancy. This punishment has made |
many men bitter against the police
and citizens of many cities, and aglta- I
tors and agents of several radical or- !
ganlzations are using this fact as an
ai gument toward enlisting hobos to
their various causes. In the North
west, posted at nearly every impor
tant freight division point, are repre
sentatives of the I. W. W. who solicit
and often succeed in enrolling hobos
for “red cards” on the strength of this
argument alone. They hold the fed
eral administration responsible in a
large measure for national unemploy
ment.
"Here’s a land of plenty,” they say.
“You, a human being must wander
through It starving, cold and tired
with no place to lay your head. An
alley cat or stray dog is better oft
than you are.”
Few people realize what segrega
tion of these two or three million idle
men would mean. If there were not
these hobos swarming in hordes over '
the railroads in every section of the
Union, the unemployed permanent resi-1
dents of most of the cities and towns .
would have less chance of getting po
sitions. The city man should be thank- ■
ful that there are hobos in times when
work is plentiful.
Outlook Bad for 1922.
The outlook for 1922 is unfavorable, i
especially for the winter. With so
many mines and mills shut down, and
with the harvest season and con
struction jobs nearly over, It will not
be long before several hundred thou
sand hobos will again have to “hit the
road.” Most old-timers predict a win
ter that will be worse than last year,
one that brought much suffering.
Jails will have to be thrown open
and winter quarters provided as well
as bread lines formed.
Hobos everywhere advise youngsters
not to try to beat their way anywhere
Dallas Has First Marriage by Radio
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miss munie Hratiy, and John 11. Stone, who were married via radio nt
different stations in Dallas, Tex. The minister who performed the ceremony
was at a third station. The marriage vows were spoken by the minister,
nnd repeated by the marital pair, via radio, the ceremony being capped by a
kiss, also via radio.
PAGE SEVEN
at present, especially riding “blind
baggage” on passenger trains. Mail
guards have shot and killed so many
suspects that it is unsafe.
Besides these hardships, there are
more severe ones that tax a man’s en
durance to the utmost. In some towns
throughout the nation the restaurants
and homes have been pestered so
much by hungry men seeking work
that several men have actually
starved to death in them. —Ted Seel
man in the Chicago Daily News.
NORTH POLE AVIATORS
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Lieut. O. Omdal (above). Norwegian
aviator, nnd Lieut. E. G. Fullerton
(below), who are accompanying Capt.
Roald Amundsen to the arctic regions
nnd will be the pilots for the proposed
airplane trip to the North pole.
i •
: Board Bill Too Heavy,
Prisoner Is Released ?
; Arthur States of Lima. O„ lit- j
? erally ate his way out of prison, •
I where be was serving q term be- J
? cause of his inability to pay a f
I fine of SI,OOO on a liquor charge. ’
? He served only a few weeks I
i when the county commissioners ;
; began figuring out results of t
f the incarceration of States at •
i a fixed amount a day to apply |
? on his fine.
I The board ordered him par- ;
? oled with the understanding i
• that he pay .$7 a month on the t
; fine. Eleven years will be re- I
• qulred to liquidate it. His board I
; had already cost the county |
• SIOO. Commissioners figured that *
| It would cost $1,249.50 to collect |
f the fine for the state had he re- •
I mained in Jail. *

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