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STEEL INCREASE BOMBS R.R.STRIKE FOUR BIG JOLTS HIT DEAD LOCKED PARLEY UPON RAIL WALKOUT STRIKERS HAIL IT AS HELP Steel Corporation Bankers Suspected of Flank Movement to Make Un tenable Position of Die-Hard Executives New York.—Four surprise factors have entered Into the rail situation, any one of which, according to repre sentatives of roads and brotherhood officials, may virtually influence the action of the Association of Railway Executives, when it meets to consider peace proposals or mediation with the big five brotherhoods. They were: 1. —The announcement that presi dents of three roads. Samuel Rea of the Pennsylvania; E. E. Loomis of the T<ehigh Valley; and William Bester of the Jersey Central, were expected to arrive from Europe on the Majestic in time to participate In the conference of the Association of Railway Execu tives. 2. —The grant by three large steel corporations of a 20 per cent increase In wages to their several hundred thousand day laborers. 3. —Assertion by L. F. Loree. presi dent of the Delaware & Hudson and chairman of the eastern presidents’ conference, that predictions of a strike settlement and peace In the Industry were “all bunk.’* 4. —Announcement that several brotherhood chiefs are enroute from the west with practical proposals for settlement of the shop crafts’ strike which they will submit to rail execu tives if all other peace advances fall. The decision nf the steel corpora tions to raise the wages of laborers was hailed by the strikers ns a point in their favor. Rail heads refrained from discussion of the possible effects of the steel companies’ move on rail strike negotiation. They were, nevertheless, quick to offer numerous reasons why the steel Industry should grant their men a raise at this critical stage. One was that some of the steel cor poration bankers who also are large Investors in the railroads, took such means of making untenable the posi tion steadfastly maintained by the east ern “die-hards” beaded by Mr. Loree. that the strike be allowed to continue “as a finish fight” rather than be settled by returning seniority rights to the strikers. MICHAEL COLLINS SLAIN BY AMBUSHED ASSASSINS Chief of Army Is Victim of Third At tempt to Murder Him for Rebel Triumph London. —Michael Collins, head of the Trish provisional government and of the Trisb national army, was shot and killed from ambush at Bandon. County Cork, a few hours after he bad been given an ovation by the people of Cork city, who for the first time saw the free state hero in the uniform of com ma n d er-1 n -ch I of. Thus within 10 days two of the most prominent figures in the new Irish gov ernment have been removed by death. Just 10 days ago President Griffith of the dail eireann. considered the brains of the new administration, died In Dublin; now. Michael Collins, the free state’s military genius, is killed at the moment when the dissipation of the ir regular forces in the south was con sidered complete. Hay Leading Carey By 400 Cheyenne, Wyo.—Returns from 90 scattered precincts of Wyoming’s 657 precincts showed Gov. Robert D. Carey, former Progressive and person al friend of Theodore Roosevelt, over 300 votes behind John liny, known as a "regular” Republican, in tbe race for the Republican nomination for govern or. The vote was: Hay. 2.364 ; Carey. 2.039. Most of the precincts reporting were from rural districts, but they In clude some from each of the five larger cities of the state. Steel Plants Raise Labor 20 Per Cent New York. —Three big steel corpora tions. employing normally nearly 300.- 000 workers, have announced a 20 per cent wage Increase for all day laborers In their manufacturing plants. The United States Steel corporation took the lead, hut was quickly followed hy the Midvale Steel and Ordnance com pany and the Youngstown Sheet & Tube company. Klan is Menace to True Government Salem. Orc.—United States Attorney General Daugherty refers To the Ku Klux Klan as “a distinct menace to decent government” In a letter to Gov. Olcott concerning the move of the gov ernor against the Klan In Oregon. Fight Expected Before Passage Washington. Senate Republican leaders are continuing negotiations for n unanimous consent agreement for n final senate vote on the soldier bonus hill, hut apparently with little prospect of Immediate success. HARDING KEYTO BONUS, fOE HOPE IS 111 VETO Bursum Proposal of Half Cash and Half Certificates is Killed By Senate Washington.—The senate moved for ward so rapidly In Its consideration of the soldiers’ bonus bill that some lend ers regarded passage of the measure as more than a possibility. Opponents were understood to be disposed to let the bill take its course at this time, in the belief that President Harding would veto it. Should he do so, they planned to center their fights against Its passage over his veto. There still was, however, no official information before the senate as to the executive’s views, other than that contained in his letter read to the house last March just before that body passed the bill. The president then ad vised that congress either find a means of financing tiie legislation or postpone its enactment, and some friends of the bill as well as opponents believe he Is still of that mind. With the committee changes cleaned up, Senator Bursum, Republican. New Mexico, called up his substitute, pro posing half cash and half certificates of Indebtedness for the veterans, but this was rejected without a roll call or any discussion. Senator Bursum protested, saying there should be some debate on an amendment which he bellevtd would save something like .$3,000,000,000 to the government. By unanimous con sent, action on the substitute was re considered. COMMUNISTS PLOT TO ' CANKER ARMY AND NAVY Dragnet Gets 17 in Secret Michigan Convention; Many Managed to Elude Authorities Washington.—The arrest of 17 al leged communists after the secret con vention of the communist party at Bridgman. Mich., by Michigan state au thorities, disclosed a program for the organization of communist groups in the army and navy, and for the initia tion of militant action on the part of radicals In the United States, accord ing to information from official sources In Washington. Many prominent alleged communists who attended the convention managed to elude the authorities, according to information here. A dragnet was said to have been thrown out to round up some of the more important among the more than 50 alleged commuists present at the Bridgman convention. William Dunn, one of those taken into custody nt Bridgman, was declared by officials, to the the gubernatorial candidate of the Workers’ party in New York at the election next Novem ber. He was for many years. It was added, editor of the Butte Daily Bulle tin and has been active in the radical movement, particularly in the commun ist and Workers’ parties. Dublin Mourns for Collins Dublin.—The body of Michael Col lins was carried through the streets of Dublin, which were lined with sorrow ing spectators. In Impressive proces sion. the body was taken from the steamer Classic and transported on a gun carriage to the St. Vincent’s hos pital. Later It was removed to the city lu.il. where It will lie In v tate. Irish pipers play- a lament, while officers of the Dublin birgntle acted as pall bearers. Dense crowds gathered hours before the appointed time, and on all sides poignant grief was dis played as the cortege passed. Hun dreds of Dublin guards formed an es cort. with arms reversed, and a vast procession of bare headed men and women followed. The coffin was placed on the same catafalque on which had rested the body of Arthur Griffith. Nomination Depends on Official Count Cheyenne, Wyo.—Doubt that the con test for the Republican nomination for governor in the recent primary elec tion would be decided before the of ficial count of the vote by the state canvassing board early In September has been expressed here. Returns so far received Indicated that Hay had carried nine counties and Carey four. Returns from tile other eight counties were too Incomplete to indicate who had carried them. Federal Control Coal Mines Plan Washington.—Government operation of the coni mines and federal control of coal distribution in such n manner as to prevent profiteering, were pro posed in measures introduced in the senate. Escaped Convicts Hard Pressed Norfolk. Neb. —The four convicts who escaped from the South Dakota penitentiary are being pressed near Verde). Neb., by South Dakota authori ties and a posse from Verdel. Two of them were recognized, it l» reported. S. D. Legion Elects Commander Huron, S. D. —Jay H. Williams, of Gettysburg, recently was elected com mander of the South Dakota depart ment of tl«e Anieric&n legion at the closing business session of the annual convention here. COAL STRIKE IN MONTANA ENDS MINES ORDERED OPENED A8 CONFERENCE SIGNS FOR OLD WAGE SCALE EXPECT FULL CAPACITY SOON Will Be Operating Normally Within Week; Negotiation For New Contract to Begin Janu- ary 3, Next Billings.—An agreement has been signed between the United Mine Work ers of America and the Montana Coal Operators* association officially ending the bituminous coal strike for the state of Montana. Resumption of work In the mines will take place immediately. The agreement was reached after four hours of conference. The settlement Is a duplication of the Cleveland agreement and calls for the resumption of work in the mines at the wage scale and the working con ditions in effect at the time of the strike. March 31, 1922. The contract was signed by members of both parties •nd is for one year’s duration, or until March 31, 1923. It is expected by l>oth operators and miners that the mines in the state will he In full operation within the next week. Although there Is some prelim I nary work to be done in certain mines, the normal production will be reached by next Monday. Mr. Condon predicts. Mr. Condon, speaking for the United Mine Workers of America, said: “We are very well satisfied with the settlement. It is a great victory for the mine workers of this nation and for organized labor in general. I consider this the most successful ending of any large strike I ever knew of. Although the recent Canadian strike surpassed ours in the numbers participating, the Canadian miners did not secure that for which they were striking. I am very happy to think that work will be resumed immediately. It will mean much to the miners who have been on strike for nearly five months.” COLLINS TIES UP MIL- LIONS FROM DE VALERA American Banks Barred From Paying Over to Rebel Leader Any of Gift Subscriptions New York.—A temporary injunction restraining banks in w-hich are deposit ed moneys collected for the Irish re publican cause from releasing them to Eatnonn De Valera or any of his agents was signed by Supreme Court Justice Burr, on application of attorneys rep resenting Michael" Collins and other of ficers of the Irish free state forces. It was announced ♦ lint approximately $2,300,000 was tied up by the order. Service of complaint on De Valera and the other defendants was ordered to be made through the Insertion of adver tisements In papers in England and Ireland. Most of the funds involved are said to be deposited with the Guaranty Trust company and the Har rison National bank of New York. The main contention for an Injunc tion raised was that Ireland now Is n nation; that Do Valera Is against the present government and Is a fugitive and that he is not entitled to the money. If De Valera or his forces were granted the present funds in American banks, the free state representatives contend, it would be devoted to the carrying on of further revolution against the present government and prolonging of needless and unjustifi able civil war in a country which has expressed by the ballot its preference for the Irish free state form of gov ernment. U. P. Adds 15 Engines Philadelphia.—Samuel M. Vauclaln, president of the Baldwin Locomotive works, announces receipt of an order from the Union Pacific railroad for 15 locomotives to cost $900,000. Con struction of these engines will begin at once. Mr. Vauclaln said his company now had $16,000,000 worth of unfilled or ders on Its books, the largest volume of business since April, 1021. Harbord Chief When Pershing Quits Washington.—Under a bill changing the ndlitary law. passed by the house and sent to the senate, the president would be authorized to appoint Major General Harbord, deputy chief of staff of the army, as chief of staff to suc ceed General Pershing on the latter’s retirement. Thought Drowned; Walk in Alive Missoula. —Search so rthe body of Mrs. M. B. Norman, believed drowned with her son in a storm nn Flathead Mrs. Norman and her son arrived at the home of Frank B. Linderman, after landing on the beach at Angel point. Woman Postal Clerk Champion Washington.—A woman Is the cham pion mail handler o fthe postal ser vice. Miss Nina E. Holtmts of the De troit postoffice, set e. record for sort ing letters recently by distributing ?0,610 iu eight hours. SPIKES ARE DM, TRAIN IS WRECKED Both Enginemen Die When Train Goes Into Ditch.—Michigan Cen tral Offers Reward Chicago.—The wrecking of express train No. 31). enroute from New York to Chicago, with the loss of two lives near Gary, Ind., resulted from the de liberate removal of 27 spikes from one of the rails, Michigan Central railroad officials announce. A SI,OOO reward was offered for the arrest of those re sponsible. The wreck took place about a mile east of Gary, while the train, not car rying any passengers, was traveling at a speed estimated at more than 50 miles an hour in an effort to make up lost time. When the heavy engine struck the rail from which the spikes had been removed, It ploughed along on the ties for some distance and then turned completely over. The two enginemen were dead when removed from the wreckage. The cause of the wreck remained a mystery for some hours because of the confusion nt the scene, and because of the fact that the rails and ties hud been ploughed up and tossed about like matchwood for hundreds of feet. Eight oars loaded with merchandise followed the engine Into the ditch; the others remaining on the track. An Investigation by Martin Quinn, special agent of the road, revealed that while the roadbed had been ground Into an unrecognizable mass from the spot where the train had left the rails, enough remained at the place where the engine had been thrown from Its course to furnish mute evidence of the work of train wreckers. Everything ahead of the gap, however, had been destroyed. Railroad men here said o great deal of trouble has been experienced at Gary in recent weeks, ties having been piled on the tracks on a number of oc casions. CUBA ASKED TO LOCK DOORS TO BAR ALIENS Island is Portal to Chinese Smugglers, State Department Tells • Republic Washington.— Representations have been made to the Cuban government by’ the state department, looking to steps to prevent further smuggling of Chi nese and Europeans from the Island republic into the United States. In a note transmitted through the Cuban legislation here, the American government Is understood to have taken the position that from the num ber of aliens admitted to Cuba and the fact that there Is said to be no em ployment available there for them, it appears that entry to Cuba Is ob tained upon the belief that eventually the aliens can be smuggled into this country’. Approximately 30,000 Chinese and about 40,000 aliens from al) over Europe are now In Cuba awaiting op portunity to enter this country sur reptitiously, In the belief of Secretary Davis. Constant smuggling of aliens into the United States, many of whom “are bolshevlsts, communist and tin deshaote citizens, ’’ Mr. Davis said, con stitutes a menace to the government and should be halted without further delay. If an effective remedy cannot be applied at once through voluntary co-operation between foreign govern ments and the United States,’’ he said, “then congress should immediately en act a compulsory registration law to be applied to all aliens within the bor ders of this country. Unjustly Convicted, Says Hughes Washington.--Secretary Hughes, In a letter made public by the Republican national committee, expresses the con viction, after a review of the New berry ease, “that Senator Newberry was wrongly and most unjustly con victed.” The secretary, writing to the Rev. Mr. Hugh B. McCaulley, of Patterson, N. J.. In response to an Inquiry as to the “facts" In the Newberry case, gives In detail the findings of the courts, es pecially the supreme court, which set aside the conviction of Mr. Newberry. Klansmen Add 4,650 by Cross Chicago.—Beneath the red glare from a blazing cross, what was said to be the nation's biggest class of new Ku Klux Klansmen —4,650 candidates —was Initiated in a huge field just outside of Chicago. While thousands of voices chanted the surging roil of “Onward Christian Soldiers," the can didates. still garbl'd In their working clothes faced the cross and its circle of white clad Initiators and pledged their allegiance to the “Invisible em pire.” 37 Ku Kluxers Facing Trial - Los Angeles.—Thirty-seven members of the Ku Klux Klan are on trial be fore Judge Frederick W. Houser In the Los Angeles county court charged with being participants in a “tar and feath er" party near Los Angeles. Irish Regulars Driving Rebels In Belfast. —The drive in the mountains north of Dundalk Is being steadily pushed by n large force of nationals operating from several directions. There Ims been heavy firing at differ • ’it points. POST TREATMENT IS MONEY SAVER Experiments at lowa College With Water Gas Tar in Con junction With Creosote. BY-PRODUCT OF GAS PLANTS Creosoting Will Lengthen Life of Posts of Any Kind of Wood—ls Especially Valuable With Cot tonwood or Willow. A new economy in the preservative treatment of fence posts is in sight. If experiments with the use of water gas tar in conjunction with creosote, which are being conducted by forest ers of the lowa agricultural experi ment station, Justify the belief that the tar can be utilized. Water gas tar, a by-product of arti ficial gas plants, is much cheaper than creosote. The purpose of the experi ments is to determine whether or not the tar can be successfully used in a mixture with the creosote and In what proportions to give the best results. The economic value of the preserva tive treatment of posts has been dem onstrated In many cases, says G. B. MacDonald, head of the forestry de partment at the college. Creosotlng will lengthen the life of posts of any kind of wood, but It is especially valu able with soft woods. Tests have shown that such soft woods as willow and cottonwood, which last only three or four years if untreated, * 111 serve as posts for from 20 to 25 years when treated. This fact makes possible the utilization by the farmer of woods of this kind on the farm which would otherwise be practically useless. It is practicable, Mr. MacDonald points out, for a farmer to set out a small plantation of quick-growing trees, such as the cottonwood, and In five or six years have the start of a permanent supply of posts. It Is esti mated that a post per acre is needed every year. A considerable saving can be made by the farmer who grows and treats his own posts. Two methods of creosotlng posts are recommended by Mr. MacDonald, one In which one tank is used and another which requires two tanks. In the first method posts are put into the creosote tank with the creosote at a high tem perature, and are allowed to cool in the same tank. When two tanks are used the posts are transferred, after their bath in the hot creosote, to the other tank, which contains cold creo sote. # On medium-sized farms, where 100 or more posts are needed annually, a satisfactory treating tank, made of galvanized Iron, about 36 inches in di ameter and 48 inches high, can be pur chased for about $lO. This tank is mounted about a foot from the ground on a brick founda tion, which contains a firebox. Wood is used for fuel. If the nosts are tn he Removing costa After I reatment in Creos-.de—The Posts Are Allowed to Drain in the Barrels. given a top ns well ns a butt treat ment, they can be Inverted in the tank. This should be done in the case of soft woods. In the single tank treatment the creosote Is heated to a temperature of 200 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit. Enough creosote Is put Into the tank to sub merge the lower three* or three and one-half feet of the posts. The tem perature Is maintained at about 220 degrees for from two to six hours, de fending upon the kind of wood being treated. The harder the wood the longer It should be immersed. The fire is allowed to die down and the posts are left in the cold creosote for from four to fourteen hours. If two tanks are used the work can be speeded up, since the cold bath Is applied in the second tank. The cre osote should penetrate the posts to a depth of from one-quarter to one inch. Tests should be made to see that this penetration Is secured. NO SECRETS WITH CHICKENS Nothing but Hard Work, Painstaking Thought and Firm Determination to Make Success. There are no short cuts In the poul try business, no secrets and no schemes save those of hard work, painstaking thought and firm deter mination to make a success. This sounds a little contrary to the general dea of poultry, but it is true Just the tame. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30 1 922. SILAGE MIXTURE TO FINISH OFF CATTLE Steers Make More Economical Gains and Shrink Less. Test Made by Department of A B ricu|. ture In Co-Operation With Louiel ana Station—Value of Different Crope Worked Out. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) To get results economically most cattle feeders should use some kind of silage lu the rations, says the United States Department of Agricul ture. Steers fed on silage usually not only make more economical gains, shrink less, and make more profits than steers fed on dry roughage. hat ;V• t > Herd of Hereford Steers on a Texas Ranch. i also make it possible to utilize crops grown primarily In a rotation for re storing the fertility of worn-out lands. The comparative value of a number of different silage crops for steer feed ing was recently worked out by the department Id co-operation with the Louisiana experiment station. In one instance similar lots of cattle were fed a ration of cottonseed meal and blackstrap molasses In combination with corn silage, corn and Biloxi soy bean silage, sorghum silage, sorghum and Biloxi soy-bean silage. The best gain was made by the steers fed the straight corn silage, but It was shown that the capacity of a farm for fattening or wintering cattle may be greatly Increased by the use of heavy-yielding silage crops such as sorghum and Japanese enne. Imma ture Biloxi soy beans mixed with corn or sorghum were not so satisfactory, but with late-maturing crops like Japa nese cane these soys gave very good results. Sorghum silage and Japanese cape and Biloxi soy-bean silage are practically equal in feeding value for steers when supplemented by cotton seed meal and molasses. TIME TO SOW SWEET CLOVER Best Plan Is to Plant It in Winter or Spring With Nurse Crop or Dur ing Mid-Summer. It is not generally recommended that sweet clover be sown tn corn in the fall. A better way is to sow it either in the winter or spring with a nurse crop or during mid-summer on a firm seed bed free of other crops. By having a compact seed bed and giving a heavy application of seed. It Is possible that a good stand can be secured in standing com but much depends upon the weather. An added advantage results from cutting the corn off for silage, since this gives the small plants more sunlight. There Is great risk, however, In sowing any kind of seed In corn after the Inst cul tivation because of the usual dry weather period that follows. Some farmers make n success of this sort of seeding but ordinarily It Is n hotter policy to seed in another way if that is possible. RECIPE FOR FLY REPELLENT Cattle Can Be Greatly Relieved From Peste by Application of Coal- Tar Mixture. Cattle can be greatly relieved from files by spraying In the morning be fore going to pasture with some fly spray. For this the following home made spray Is efficient and cheap: Four and one-half quarts coal-tar dip, four and one-half quarts fish oil, three quarts coal oil, three quarts whale oil, one and one-half quarts oil of tar, three pounds laundry soap. Dissolve tlie laundry soap in water and mix the other Ingredients thor oughly and bring the whole up to 30 gallons. This spray can be applied with an ordinary spray pump and will give relief from flies the greater part of the day. Some provision for shade will offer relief to a certain extent from heat. SPRAY POTATO LEAF HOPPER Bordeaux Mixture Should Bo Applied Thoroughly to Undir Side of the Leaves. You can get the potato leaf hopper by using bordeaux mixture. The formula employed consists of four pounds of copper sulphate, four pounds of unshiked lime to fifty gal lons of water. The spray should be applied to the under side of the leaves thoroughly, using at least 150 pounds pressure. This pressure gives a fine mist spray. At least three applications are recommended and a fourth might be given to advantage. Both sides of each row should be thoroughly sprayed to make the Job complete.