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The Cody enterprise and the Park County enterprise. (Cody, Wyo.) 1921-1923, August 30, 1922, Image 7

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Navy Has New
Combat Plane
Meets Every Requirement of
Fighting in Connection With
Fleet Operations.
TS Type Tested Out, Winning High
Praise From Government Experts—
Equals Any Combat Plane
Now in Use.
Washington.—A shipplane designed
to meet every requirement of combat
and pursuit in connection with fleet
operations, of navy design and built
st the naval aircraft factory, Philadel
phia, is undergoing final tests at the
Anacostia air station here under the
supervision of the bureau of aeronau
tics, navy department.
Another plane of the same type was
recently completed by the Curtiss
<-oini«iny at Garden City, L. 1., and
will shortly be flown to Anacostia fcr
further tests.
The tests on the new plane of navy
design, called a TS, have been uni
formly satisfactory, and naval avia
tion experts consider It as good a com
bat plane as any In use by military
services from land bases. In addition
to operating from a land base, this
plane can be quickly converted into
the sea type by substituting pontoons
for the wheel landing gear.
A statement prepared by the bureau
of aeronautics concerning the need for
such a plane describes the TS as fol
lows :
[ Analysis of the Design.
The function of the combat plane Is
to protect our own aircraft by destroy
ing or dispersing the enemy aircraft.
With the development of aircraft car
riers to a point where they are now
recognized as an essential arin of the
naval force. It has been necessary to
tackle the problem to be solved in pro
ducing suitable designs of aircraft to
operate from the carriers. These prob
lems in a few words Included the fol
lowing questions:
How to evolve Ircraft of the vari
ous types and possessing the following
qualities: (a) Best performance,
(b) greatest radius of action, (c) small
est dimensions, (d) best adapted to
handling and stowage on board ship,
and operating from a ship or airdrome.
It must be speedy and have superior
qualities of maneuverability and sta
bility; it must be lightly constructed
but rugged.
The TS, which the new plane has
War Memorial for Nashville, Tenn.
raft' '' i; s z
my * • F .
■ V- * i /
IM I Itnil'fMl
This beautiful statue cast In bronze, standing over nine feet high, was
recently completer] by George Julian Zolnay, a Washington artist, In memory
of the mothers and sons who gave their best during the World war, with the
words “I gave my best to make a butter world.” It will he mounted on a
granite pedestal in Centennial park, Nashville, Tenn., by the Nashville Ki
wanls club.
Beat Huge- King Bird of Air to
Earth in Bitter Fight.
Defeated Bird, Its Feathers Broken,
Picked Up and Sent to Cincinnati
Zoo—Distress Signal Brings
Hundreds of Crows.
Cincinnati.—A golden eagle sat mo
rosely in the eagle house at the zoo,
doing his best to straighten and preen
the broken feathers of his once proud
coat. No wonder. The huge eagle had
been humbled by members of the crow
The eagle arrived from Williams
burg, crated and riding on top of an
automobile truck driven by Harry
Hall. Mr. Hull said he captured the
huge bird several days ago <»n his
fnnn after the eagle had a lighted near
s crow’s nest containing young birds.
Mr. and Mrs. Crow were standing
«ucr | >\er the brood, and wh m the
been designated, In recent tests, has
demonstrated all of the above quali
ties In a manner extremely satisfac
tory to government experts, and It Is
expected that quantity production on
this type will go ahead within the near
The plane Is equipped with a Law
rence 200 h, p. air-cooled motor, which
Is the highest-powered air-cooled mo
tor built In the country. The construc
tion of the wings is such as to permit
of rapid assembly.
Lands on Deck or Water.
A standard equipment of two types
of landing gear Is provided, viz.,
wheels for landing on the deck of car
riers or on land and pontoons for
landing on the water. Both types of
landing gear will be supplied so that
the rapid conversion from landplane
to seaplane may be effected. This Is
one of the most noteworthy features
of the craft In that It will double Its
usefulness nnd make possible land
operations by combat planes based on
the fleet as well as providing a swift
fighting seaplane equipped for making
landings on the water.
The naval battles of the future will
depend largely on gaining and main-
Air Heroes to
Rest at Verdun
Members of Lafayette Escadrille
Who Fell in War to Lie
With Approval of Their Relatives
bodies Will Be Gathered and Will
Rest Beneath Mausoleum Wor
thy of Their Valor.
Verdun. —Verdun will be the final
resting place of the American heroes
who fell while fighting with the La
fayette Escadrille.
Scattered along the line of death
from the sand dunes of Nleuport to
the swamps of Salonika, their bodies—
with the approval of their relatives—
will be gathered, and beneath a mau
soleum worthy of their valor on a
hill of the shrine of hero-
eagle dropped out of the sky they let
out frantic squawks for help. Instant
ly. from all points of the jorizon,
there began to materialize a fleet >f
angry crows. In n few moments the
air was black with crows and blue
with crow epithets.
The haughty eagle glared defiance
at the threatening cloud of feathered
warriors wheeling past and clung to
his limb. Bolder and bolder became
the crows; closer and closer they
swept to the enemy, their wing feath
ers brushing his face, their beaks
snapping defiance ami hatred. More
than a hundred of the ebony fighters
assembled nt Inst, and finally the bold
er spirits began delivering blows
along with the threats and oaths.
The finish came swiftly. The eagle
nnd the nest which the crows were
trying to defend were both ’ nocked
from the limb and went tumbling to
earth In a pecking, clawing, cursing
mass. Even after they had their en
«Mnv on the ground the victorious
Sun Hatches Chicks on
Ship Becalmed at Sea
Tacoma, Wash. —A small flock
of chickens and ducks was
hatched out rs the cook’s eight
cases of Australian eggs while
the ship Matzalan lay helpless
In the doldrums with the ther
mometer averaging 102.
The flippers of a giant sea
turtle were cooked for food for
the baby chicks. When a few
ducklings appeared, a tub of sea
water was kept on deck for
these youngsters to bathe in.
tainlng control of the air. Spotting,
scouting and observation from air
craft will give to that fleet possessing
these facilities an advantage that will
be practically decisive. The torpedo
plane has also entered into naval prob
lems within the past two years to an
extent that places an entirely new
complexion on this method of attack.
But all of these invaluable aids to the
successful outcome of the naval battle
are dependent on the combat plane
‘that is able to take the air In sufficient
numbers and with sufficiently superior
fighting qualities x o sweep enemy air
craft before it.
The new TS combat plane gives
every prospect of fulfilling these ex
acting conditions.
ism, they will await the final call, a
symbol of the purest sacrifice ever
made by man.
Sixty-four names will adorn the
monument, but only 62 bodies will be
there, that future generations may re
vere their memory indelibly engraved
in the hearts of the living. Nothing
was found of the mortal remains of
Sergt. Victor Chapman of New York
and Lieut. Carter Ovington. They met
their fate while soaring high above
the clouds, and like Guynemer, they
vanished into space, leaving no trace.
A small urn will suffice to contain
all that is left of Maj. Raoul Lufbery,
cremated alive in his burning plane.
Their bodies may have gone to dust,
but for each one of these 64 men a
place will be set apart as an Individ
ual memorial which either now or at
any time can be used as a place of
Interment. In any case, the name of
each will appear among the names of
his comrades.
A Burial Garden.
This is the program of the Lafayette
Escadrille Memorial association. Born
of the initiative of Lieut. E. G. Hamil
ton, it has undertaken to create and
maintain in France a burial garden for
the heroes of the Lafayette Flying
corps who eniisted under the flag of
France and gave their lives for the
cause they defended.
President Millerand, Premier Poin
care and Minister of War Maginot
have accepted the patronage of the
association, w’hose president is Mar
shal Foch and Its vice president Am
bassador Herrick.
The plan for the memorial garden,
designed by Alexandre Marcel, chief
architect of the French government,
Ims been mailed to every relative of
the dead aviators. The garden will
occupy a site about two miles from
Verdun, the ground having been do
nated by the French government for
this purpose. In the letter which ac
companies the plan the cognmittee
"We feel that these mon who were
actuated by the same noble motives,
who together underwent the arduous
life of training nnd faced the dangers
of the front; who in many instances
had been close comrades In life, should
in death lie together In this memorial
garden, which for all time shall be a
testimonial to their devotion to an
ideal which was stronger than their
love of life. It Is for tlieir relatives
themselves to decide whether or no
the body shall be moved to the place
reserved for It. The committee pledges
Itself that the removals will be done
with the utmost care and reverence.”
Montreal is planning a new hotel,
to cost $0,000,000.
crows gave no mercy, and but for the
timely /irrival of Mr. Hall nnd other
farmers who were plowing corn In the
fields near by the affair might have
ended In a tragedy.
The men drove the crows away and
were going tc pick up the fallen eagle
when his ready talons and waiting
beak warned them away. Mr. Hall
found n solution by procuring a horse
blanket and throwing it over the van
quished eagle. Then lu carried him
to his house and put him In a cage,
the- crows following ns a triumphant
escort to see that the thing was done
properly and without deceit.
Sol Stephan, manager of the zoo, says
the eagle is a fine specimen, measur
ing nine feet from tip to tip of his
dull bronze wings. Except for broken
feathers, the big bird is none th*
worse for his terrible mauling. Mi
st ephan says.
The United States lighthouse sen-
Ice maintains lights and other nidr
|to navigation along 46,838 miles
i coast line and river channels, a lengtl
| equal to nearly twice the cirvumtei
' once of the earth.
for Thio Department Supplied by
the American I.e*lnn Newi Service.)
makes movi? picture now
Roger Sullivan, Former Engineer, Dis
abled In World War, Successful
in Camera Work.
The fact that he was an engineer
oefore the war may help him to un
derstand the mechanism of a motion
picture camera, but the knowledge of
proper lighting effects and other
tilings Incident to the successful pro
duction of motion pictures had to be
learned by Roger Sullivan, after he
was seriously disabled in the World
Sullivan was wounded while operat
ing with the United Naval forces in
France. After the war, young Sulli
van found that his injuries were such
that he could not successfully “carry
on” as an engineer. Under the super
vision of the U. 8. Veterans’ bureau,
he entered a school of photography
In New York and has completed a
course in motion picture making and
"still” photography.
i iv?
Sullivan and His Camera.
Together with James E. Pelkey, an
other disabled veteran who took the
same course. Sullivan is producing a
picture entitled “Another Chance.”
The picture depicts every stage
through which a disabled veteran
passes from the time he leaves the
hospital until he has been completely
rehabilitated in some school of voca
tional training.
The film closes with the picture of
President Harding. The photograph of
Sullivan “shooting’’ the President was
taken by Pelkey.
Sullivan and Pelkey spend their
spare hours in the club rooms of the
Washington Heights post of the Amer
ican Legion in New York City.
American Legion Auxiliary Plans to
Have “Cookie Jar” for the
Sick Ex-Soldiers.
The host, top-hole, A-l cookie recipe
in America is wanted by tlie American
Legion auxiliary
for use In its
welfare work
with veterans in
Tills recipe may
be a moder n,
cooking school’s
latest piece de
resistance, or it
may be a family
heirloom but it
i must be good.
The more ft re
sembles the cook-
rl\ W
i S *
les that mother used to bake, the hap
pier It is going to make a lot of sick
The auxiliary’s plan Is to establish
in each hospital, where there are
veterans receiving treatment, a “cookie
jar,” which will be kept filled with a
fresh supply of delectable cakes, made
hy auxiliary members. The plan Is
that of Mrs. W. H. Cudworth, of Mil
waukee, VVis., chairman of the hospl
ta‘ nnd welfare committee. The recipe
should be sent to the national auxil
iary headquarters, Indianapolis, Ind.
A widely known linker will be asked
to Judge them and select the best.
Unconfirmed Report Is That Escaped
Prisoner Donned Belgian Uni
form and Obtained Money.
The story Is carded by a Brussels
newspaper of the duping of the Ameri
can army in the Rhine area hy a
clever German crook. The story was
lot confirmed by Americans at Coh
A German prisoner of war effected
ils release from a prison camp, donned
‘he uniform of a Belgian army major
snd the name of Otto Debeny, accord
ing to the report. He presented
forget! credentials at Coblenz where he
is said to have been royally received
by the American army.
Before the uEsembled American
troops, he pinned the medaille mili
talrc of Belgium on Major General
Allen’s breast and after getting
numerous loans of considerable
I mounts from Mujo? 1 General Allen’s
itaff, departed for Paris.
J*? X
* ' ■ ' ■ • - ■ ' ■ - . ■ .
Survey Shows Increase of Per Cent in the 1922 Pig Crop Production.
(Prepared by the United State* Department
of Agriculture.)
“Help the farmer to help himself,”
was the keynote of an address by Dr.
H. C. Taylor, chief of the newly cre
ated bureau of agricultural economics,
at a recent meeting of New England
extension workers at Amherst, Mass.
Three fundamental factors in improv
ing the farm business were outlined:
Adjustment of production to market
ing conditions, co-operation, and utiliz
ing the services of government
“I believe that when farmers have a
well-balanced view of the relative im
portance of these three lines of ac
tion. they will look more to individual
effort in solving the marketing prob
lem.” Doctor Taylor said.
“In adjusting production to market
ing conditions, knowledge of the sta
tistics of production and marketing
and tlieir interpretation in the light of
past experience are primarily essen
tial. It is the job of public agencies
to collect these data, but it remains
for the fanner himself to act upon
Discusses Hog Situation.
The present situation regarding
prospective supplies of hogs was given
by Doctor Taylor as a case in point.
Last November and December prices
of hogs were low. No adequate sta
tistics were available with regard to
the supply of hogs coming to market,
and the packers overestimated the
supply yet to come from the country.
As a result prices were lower than
was justified by the conditions of sup
ply and demand and at the end of the
winter run the storage houses had low
stocks of pork.
The Department of Agriculture
made a survey of pig production, so as
to have a fair estimate of the supply
of hogs available for market this fall.
The figures show an increase of 14Vi
per cent in the 1922 spring pig crop
over that for 1921, and an Increase of
49 per cent in the number of brood
sows being kept for fall litters. This
information has been widely dissem
inated among producers of hogs
through the press and orally by exten
sion workers, thereby enabling pro
ducers to decide whether they should
sell at once some of the sows they had
intended to keep for fall litters.
"In tlie light of these figures it is
probable that American farmers would
be better off and the American con
sumers suffer no injustice if a third of
Members or Go-Operative Association
Bringing Their Produce to Shipping
Point —The Association Is Succeed
ing Because It Is Organized on
Sound Business Lines.
the brood sows held for fall litters
were marketed at this time,” Doctor
Taylor said. “All we can do, how
ever, Is to provide the information and
leave tlie farmer to draw his own con
Another illustration cited is the agi
tation in the spring wheat regions for
changes in the federal grain grades.
Doctor Taylor said:
“A careful study of the whole situ
ation suggests that this problem would
still remain in its present form if the
grades were changed and that the so
lution lies not In legislation but in
education and more intelligent action
on the- part of the farmers themselves.
“Knew Your Wheat” Campaign.
“As a result, an educational cam
paign will be organized in the spring
wheat states with a view to securing
more adequate information regarding
the market values of the different
grades of wheat and the different
qualities within the different grades.
This information will be made avail
able to farmers and local buyers nnd
nil others interested in more detailed
Information regarding the milling
value of wheat.
“Farmers must know the quality of
wheat they possess, and a ‘Know Your
'Vhcaf campaign has been organized
• y providing training 'schools’ wherd
competent teachers will train county
agents to grade grain; grain-testing
laboratories in the office of the county
agent where farmers may bring sam
ples of their grain to be tested, and
where they themselves may learn how
to test their own wheat, and training
schools for county grain buyers so
that they may introduce more accurate
methods in grading grain delivered to
In discussing co-operative market
ing, Doctor Taylor said that “success
ful co-operation must be based upon
efficient service to the ‘other fellow’
at a fair price, even though its prime
objective be the welfare of the co
"Agriculture includes too large a
proportion of the total population tn
prosper without the prosperity of the
nation as a whole. I am thoroughly
convinced that Just to the extent that
; - ' r -- XX
This Farmer Knows the Quality of
His Wheat.
the motive of fixing prices as an ob
jective in tlie organization of co-opera
tive marketing is kept in the fore
ground and the hope of a monopoly
price for farm products Is the domi
nant motive on the part of farmers in
entering co-operative organizations,
the movement is doomed to fall. Agri
cultural co-operation promoted and or
ganized in the spirit of extortion, in a
spirit of price fixing on a monopoly
basis, or, in any way in the spirit of
‘doing the other fellow* cannot suc
Doctor Taylor also believes that the
salient factor in solving the problem
of fair charges for middleman services
in central markets is the study of the
whole question from the standpoint of
tlieir effect upon both producer and
consumer. He stated that the federal
government working in dose co opera
tion with the state governments which
are themselves co-operative institu
tions is tlie logical agency to do this.
Tlie fruit and vegetable Inspection
service was given as an illustration of
tills point.
“A carload of spinach is shipped
from Austin, Tex. Upon arrival in
New York city there may be more
spinach on tlie market than is needed.
Tn olden days the dealer who had
contracted for tiie spinach might re
port that the car arrived in bad con
dition and refuse to accept it. Tlie
farmer at Austin could not afford to
go to N<‘w York to look into the mat
ter and without some system of gov
ernment inspection he was at a dis
advantage. Under the present sys
tem of Inspection he can call for gov
ernment inspection upon the car, and
If the spinach is in good condition he
Is in position to enforce the original
contract. If it is In had condition he
has tlie basis of a claim upon tlie rail
way company if tlie spinach was in
good condition when received by the
Introduction of standard grades and
their administration in business trans
actions is also regarded by Doctor
Taylor as of great importance in aid
ing to secure a square deal for the
Plant Is Simple Beet With More
Leaves and Less Root—More
Space Is Necessary.
Chard Is a good plant for the poul
try yard. The bulletin of the New
York State College of Agriculture
says of tills vegetable:
"Chard is simply a beet with more
leaves and less root than other beets.
If you like beet greens you will like
chard. It is a ‘cut nnd come again’
cron, tlie outer larger leaves only be
ing gathered each time and the young
Inner leaves left to develop. The cul
ture Is the same as that of other beeto,
but more space, eight Inches at least,
should" be allowed between plants.”

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