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[PNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1922,
California s Passion Play Rivals Oberammergau BlarW W^^tAWSirawW» ; ®StMW‘iWfflMfcg KWBBw »'<< 4R &$& £/ 4 -■ ' 'j ’ju , jj _j» California ,ls producing a passion play which tourists who have’seen the Oberammergau piny say is even more S' onderful. The settings are In a natural amphitheater near Hollywood. The photograph shows the calvary scene Christ, under the burden of the cross, on his way be crucified. power Plants I at Mine Mouth ■ Flan for Conversion of Coal Into Electric Current Where g It Is Mined. I IT WOULD MEAN VAST SAVING | Transportation of ths Fuel Would Be ' Avoided, and Fewer Men Would Be Required in One Branch of World’s Work. Washington.—A plan for the con version of coal Into electrical power at the mouths of coal mines and trans mitting the currents to the industrial ‘•onsumlng center* has been called to the attention of the President, Secre tary of Commerce Hoover and other high officials of the government. *• In proportion to Its value, both in money and in beating power, coal is inordinately bull y. More than one third of the total railroad freight of the United States Is coal. On some ! roads In coal-producing sections coal nmounts to 80 per cent of all the freight hauled. A very large portion of this coal Is railway fuel—that is. coal to fire the engines which haul the trains. Louis Brandeis, now an associate justice of the Supreme court of the United States. In his brief In the Five Per Cent case before the interstate commerce commission, estimated that when all Items of cost to the railroads of buying and hauling their own coal were added, the total would be $250,- 000.000. Since that estimate was made, prices and costs have Increased mid the railroad coal bill has amount ed to $700,000,000. > To transport coal to meet the Amer- p z lean demand, 18,000,000 cars are em ployed annually and of these 2,600,- o»10 cars are employed In hauling coal and other traffic. These figures have been filed with the interstate com merce commission. The commiss'on has found, in one <»f its investigations into the coal traf fic. that approximately 97 per cent of all the coal cars return to the mines empty. These figures give an Impression of the extent to which the transportation system Is burdened with the move ment of this bulky material and show how much more railroad equipment would be available for general freight If the power which springs from coal could be handled In another manner. Power Plants at Mints. In general outline the new plan would provide for the erection at the cor! mines of gigantic power plants. The coal would he brought up just fast enough to be put Into the “Canned” Voices of All v ~ Races in Berlin Museum Berlin.—A museum of living voices—more than 2,000 phono graph plates of prominent per sonages, of wild tribes and all races—has been collected by Prof. Wilhelm Doegen of the Berlin public library. The professor believes that from this extraordinary museum he could start a movement which would solidify peace in the < world, and he is now trying to arrange for contact with Ameri can and other scientists. “Furthering the mutual under standing of the peoples as well as of scientific progress,” he said, has always been the aim of our work. For instance, the I general idea about the Ghurkas Ils that they are a savage tribe glorifying in bloodshed. Now i take this record.” The sounds of a beautiful and ' melancholy tune ceased. "Can anyone Imagine a tribe having such songs and being a mere set of cut-throats?” he con ' «nued. , furnaces and maintain a steady head of steam to keep the dynamos turn ing. One of the underlying reasons for discontent among coal miners and therefore one of the main causes of the coal strike is the Intermittency In the industry. The big demand for coal comes In the winter time; in the summer months It falls off. Coal is mined as the market calls for it. Therefore, when the demand Is light there is little mining to be done. The men are thrown out ot employment. The result Is that coal miners work but from 165 to 210 days a year. While their wages, are regarded as good their work is not steady and therefore their earnings for the year are not large. It is the opinion of experts that the coal industry Is overmanned. There are some 700,000 men engaged in it. Under the power plan, the Intermit tency In the w’ork of coal miners would be eliminated. The coal would be feeding machines running steadily and not an ever-changing open-market demand. • Fewer Men Would Be Needed. The requirements of the power gen erators could be reckoned In advance with a fair amount of accuracy and the coal could be kept coming above ground regularly all the year round. Fewer men would be required to take care of this production and while the change would throw many thousands out of work It would bw gradual and ultimately Mould result In a clear economic gain. It is claimed. Fewer men would be doing one branch of the world’s work. The remainder would become engaged In other pro ductive labor. The first step In the plan for the electrification of the nation is the changing over of railroads from steam to electric power. The railroads cross the country in every direction and the cities and Industries which consume power are built up along their tracks. Power cables would parallel the tracks, but would carry so much more power than would be required for the railways that the surplus would be ample for diversion to the cities en route. This would run the mills and factories, light the cities and furnish power for municipal traction lines. When William G. McAdoo was di rector general of railroads during federal control In the wartime, he said that If government control were to be permanent or even long ex tended his first step would be the electrification of the railroads. Some of the roads have taken the step al ready. Miles of the Baltimore A Ohio, the Boston A Maine, the Chicago, Milwaukee A St. Paul, the Erie, the Silent Drama No Longer Silent "rbiJP - I ‘Hi s jS|Wßa> ' , 1 ' ' 1 i" 1 --JSaSL'—yWWIBWBRMSaSSggM ■■ -y jrift ’ mm a K J if WE ■' .. l»b j " uouj .</ ’ y ' ... To Prof. Jos. Tj'koclnsky-Tykociner of she University of Illinois goes the credit f<»' having laken the ward “silent" from silent drama. After 20 years of constant labor, tie has Just perfected what experts who have viewed It eav Is it fool-proof talking moving picture machine. The Invention la a radical departure over previous attempts nt this sort of apparatus In Hint it reprm duces both picture nnd volee on the same strip of film in exactly synchronized snotr bv means of a newly perfected selenium photoelectric cell. The Inventor receives no monetary reward for bis device, as the patents are In the name of the university. Great Northern, the Michigan Central, the New York Central, the New York. New Haven A Hartford, the Norfolk A Western, the Pennsylvania and the Southern Pacific system already op erate by electricity. Benefits found are reduction in fuel cost, in main tenance cost, elimination of coaling' engines, increased tonnage per train, Increased speed on grades, increased reliability, reduced train crews, in creased safety, reduced damage and wear on equipment, reduced deprecia tion on tracks and improved atmos pheric conditions. Noise also Is elim inated. The child of the future may not identify a railroad train as a “choo-choo.” Electric Operation Cheaper. All operating costs considered, the experts figure that there is a net sav ing of 25 per cent in electric opera tion of railroad trains as compared with steam. An analysis made by the Norfolk A Western railroad revealed that the fuel cost of running an elec tric locomotive 100 miles was $44.95, compared with a cost of $72.42 for a steam locomotive.. It is estimated that power can be transmitted by cable for a distance of 200 miles before the leakage makes the transmission wasteful. In many sections of the country no railroad is more than 200 miles distant from a coal mine. But in the non-coal-produc- Ing regions, the mine-mouth electrical plants would be supplemented, under the plan, by hydro-electric power plants. The nation Is rich In water power, by far ti.e greater part of which Is undeveloped. The general scheme of railroad and industrial electrification would include greater power develop ment from *the streams. Between these hydro-electric plants and the coal-consuming power plants the coun try could be covered with a network of power cables which would serve every purpose. Some coal movement would con tinue, such as that for domestic heat ing, but the great bulk of the coal transported to run railroads and fac tories would not leave the mines. Its energy would be shipped by wire. Such a stupendous development could not be realized In a day. It would be the work of many years, but with the forces of th* government, supplemented by the support of ths great industrial and railroad corpora tions, it might be a feasible undertak ing. Woman Laughs at Death. Niagara Falls, N. Y.—An unidenti fied woman waded into the Niagara river just above the falls, and was swept over the horseshoe falls. She left on the bank a note which said: 1 ikat going to see the falls. If I get dizzy and fall please notify William Jones, Orchard Park, N. Y.” C ow Cotten' in Congo. Between 50,000 and 60,000 natives of the Belgian Congo are raising cottou on small farms. IBZ&03 SUWE “ ’ ~ O?E®WW DITS •/ SJtiJ [FWSEESS SORJCEE lO® \ wraps os? o®s® •Illg iiioa ffiiibiiiiiiio *1 y B> lI tMErIE ? j -T > "i? —~~ — I vfTik-Aft.— -e.-r- : Kok • _ irafir X. - I w 1 ! BBS? a* y r irk ni i niiiimfp *'WlijEjrailH \ wmbbi y .JBr / i v ratafee ROBABLY you know that Arkansas is pronounced Ar-kan-saw, with the ac cent on the first syllable —by virtue of an act of the state legislature. And maybe you have heard the famous old tune, “The Arkansaw Travel er,” with its accompany ing dialogue. But do you know that the people of T Arkansas have named it the ‘‘Wonder State of the Union”? Do you know that it produces genuine diamonds, hydrotltanite and chert? Do you know that an Arkansas concern prints ad-ii mission tickets for all the big circuses and play houses? Do you know that John Pearson, an Arkansan, was the Inventor of the Colt’s revolver? Well, anyway, Representative Jaco way of Arkansas got up in the house the other day and spoke about like this: Arkansas has now been Incorporated into the Federal Union for a period of 86 years. During that time she has wrought wondrously and well. She has achieved those things of which all Arkansans are justly proud, and the history of this achievement we want to publish to the world at large. It is destined that her status will be equal to the greatest in every respect and which will serve as a national model worthy of the emulation by each of her sister states and second to none. Mr. Speaker, I ask unani mous consent to extend my remarks In the Congressional Record by making certain observations and detailing In part a portion of the wonderful history of that state from which I come and which In part I have the great honor to represent In the halls of national legislation. In things undertaken and carried to a successful ccnsummation the name of Arkansas raoKs high on the scroll, yet when all the facts rela tive to this proud state 1 are known nnd appreciated for their full. just, nnd honest worth convinced will be the minds of all that Arkansas has been rightly named the “Wonder State of the Union.” Mr. Speaker, this data, based largely on government statistics, was compiled by the Arkansas Advance ment association, an organization of the foremost business men of the state, and not operated for commercial purposes. It Is with pleasurable pride that I make certain recitals about my native state and to commend the pa triotism and state pride of those com piling this wonderful data about a wonderful state, to the end that those who essay to speak of her ex cept in terms most worthy, she will prove bj’ the record that over all criticism an eternal traverse has been written. Only two classes of people speak of Arkansas except in praise. These two classes are those who are densely Ignorant or morbidly envious. The “certain recitals” occupied about four pages of the Congressional Record and contained about 12,000 words, and Included the following statements In evidence that Arkansas Is the “Wonder State of the Union:" Arkansas grows two crops of Irish potatoes annually, usually on the same ground. Arkansas has originated and named Her Golf Lesson Daughter had been out for the eve ning. presumably to a moving picture show. Her mother beard them come home rather early, but daughter was nearly an hour on the front porch before coming In. The next morning her mother took her to task. "What took you so long on the porch last night?” she asked. “Why Fred was giving ms a gclf lessiaL** 58 varieties of apples, and stands fifth In the production of barreled apples. Farmers in the rice belt of Arkan sas paid more Income tax than farm ers of any similar area in the United States in 1919. Mammoth Springs has a flow of 864,- 000,000 gallons daily. It supplies wa ter for ihe operation of manufactur ing enterprises and lighting several small cities, and Is the source of pic turesque Spring river. This spring flows 600,000 gallons of water a min ute—more than Chicago uses for all purposes. The flow never varies, and the temperature is the same winter and summer. Arkansas had the first national re serve—Hot Springs. This Is the only self-supporting government reserva tion. It is the world’s most noted resort. There are 48 thermal springs, with an average flow of radioactive waters of over 1,000,000 gallons daily, ranging from 102 to 147 degrees Fah renheit and averaging 142 degrees. Arkansas has a population of 1,752,- 000, with only 14,000 foreign-born citi zens. Arkansas has more auotmoblles on Its farms than any New England state. Arkansas County, Arkansas, has more tractors on its farms than any other county in the world. Arkansas has the largest apple vine gar factory in the world. Arkansas has the largest apple-dry ing establishment in the world. Arkansas is the only state where pearl fishing Is a permanent and profitable industry. The finest fresh water pearls, selling up to $7,500, marketed in the past decade, came from Arkansas streams. Practically all of the aluminum cooking utensils used in the United States today—loo per cent of those manufactured in America —have their origin in the Arkansas bauxite mines of Saline county. An Arkansan is national president of the Tau Kappa Alpha, the honorary debating fraternity. Arkansas factory towns are abso lutely smokeless, and travelers on ? r kansas trains escape the smoke nuisance, as Arkansas coal is smoke less. Scientists assert that the largest prehistoric Implement factory was lo cated in Hot Springs county. Exca vations show that a sufficient amount of novaculite was removed at Magnet Cove to equip a nation with arrow bends, battle axes, and stone imple ments. Arkansas has one of the geological wonders of the world in Magnet Cove, Hot Springs county. All the world's foremost collections of minerals con tain a Magnet Cove exhibit, rare min erals being found there which have never been discovered elsewhere. Golf sticks, shuttles and bobbins for cotton mills and lasts for shoe makers are manufactured from Arkan sas persimmon. Arkansas has 129 species of native trees. Sixty of these produce useful commercial wood. The collapsible onion crate, used a! most exclusively in the shipment of ( Bermuda onions, originated In Arkun- | sas. Natural gas In the El Dorado fields ' “Nonsense, you can’t play golf after dark.” “Oh. but you cep, mother, he was showing me how to hold iny hands and my mouth so I could play prop erly.’* Had It All Figured Out. Little John had been promised a sister, and to the consternation of the three-year-old boy, the stork left a baby brother. He was keenly disappoint ed, because, apparently, he had abso lutely depended on a sister, and could SEVEN ? 1 j** •. ( '*■ * fe U&gL. A zAprrjr will distill two gallons of gasoline per thousand cubic feet. Arkansas has the highest mountain between the Alleghenies and the Rock ies—Mount Magazine, 2.BGG feet high. The largest nugget of zinc ever taken out in one piece, weighing 70 tons, was quarried in Marlon county in 1893. Arkansas has a marble which Is elas tic. bending under pressure, and re bounding when the pressure Is re leased. This elasticity enables the stone to adapt itself to variable cli mates without disintegration. It 18 quarried in Independence county in large quantities. Arkansas' leading newspaper, found ed In 1819, Is the oldest paper pub lished west of the Mississippi river. Arkansas has the largest pontoon bridge, the longest single-span bridge, and the longest concrete bridge Ln the world. Arkansas is credited by noted church leaders as standing first in Sabbath observance. Two of the three founders of the Sigma Nu fraternity were Arkansans. The only man ever Invited to ad dress the New York lodge of Elks, not a member of the lodge, was an Ar kansan. Authors of several of the best sell ing books of the year are Arkansas women. Arkansas Is the native state of two celebrated screen comedians. The Ancient Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoo, a national fraternal organ ization of lumbermen, was founded in Arkansas. All railroads operating In Arkansas serve pure spring water on their trains. Arkansas Is the only state with a natural cold storage. It has a car© of considerable size that is used for this purpose. Arkansas has produced a machlns which shreds the top of growing oats, wheat, barley and rice, removing the grain and leaving the stalk standing. The grain is loss injured than by threshing, and the process Is more eco nomical. Arkansas Is located in the center of the United States. The famous Bowie knife originated in Arkansas. The first knife of this kind was manufactured by James Black, a blacksmith, from a design supplied him by James Bowie. The Chi Omega sorority, one of th© largest college secret societies for women, was organized in Arkansas. Arkansas Ims fewer undertakers in proportion to its population than any other state. Baht* Ruth hits his home runs with a bat made from Arkansas ash. not break himself of using the pro noun “she” when speaking of the baby. When his mother reprimanded him for it he replied airily: "Oh, I am go ing to call him ‘she’ until he hasn't any more dresses on, then I’ll call him ‘he.’" Tommy’ll Object. "Tommy Jones I Does your inothef know you ere learning to smoker* "No; I want it to be a surprise.”— Boston Transcript.