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The Cody enterprise and the Park County enterprise. (Cody, Wyo.) 1921-1923, September 13, 1922, Image 7

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[PNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1922,
California s Passion Play Rivals Oberammergau
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California ,ls producing a passion play which tourists who have’seen the Oberammergau piny say is even more
S' onderful. The settings are In a natural amphitheater near Hollywood. The photograph shows the calvary scene
Christ, under the burden of the cross, on his way be crucified.
power Plants
I at Mine Mouth
■ Flan for Conversion of Coal Into
Electric Current Where
g It Is Mined.
I IT WOULD MEAN VAST SAVING
| Transportation of ths Fuel Would Be
' Avoided, and Fewer Men Would Be
Required in One Branch
of World’s Work.
Washington.—A plan for the con
version of coal Into electrical power at
the mouths of coal mines and trans
mitting the currents to the industrial
‘•onsumlng center* has been called to
the attention of the President, Secre
tary of Commerce Hoover and other
high officials of the government.
*• In proportion to Its value, both in
money and in beating power, coal is
inordinately bull y. More than one
third of the total railroad freight of
the United States Is coal. On some !
roads In coal-producing sections coal
nmounts to 80 per cent of all the
freight hauled. A very large portion
of this coal Is railway fuel—that is.
coal to fire the engines which haul
the trains.
Louis Brandeis, now an associate
justice of the Supreme court of the
United States. In his brief In the Five
Per Cent case before the interstate
commerce commission, estimated that
when all Items of cost to the railroads
of buying and hauling their own coal
were added, the total would be $250,-
000.000. Since that estimate was
made, prices and costs have Increased
mid the railroad coal bill has amount
ed to $700,000,000.
> To transport coal to meet the Amer-
p z lean demand, 18,000,000 cars are em
ployed annually and of these 2,600,-
o»10 cars are employed In hauling coal
and other traffic. These figures have
been filed with the interstate com
merce commission.
The commiss'on has found, in one
<»f its investigations into the coal traf
fic. that approximately 97 per cent of
all the coal cars return to the mines
empty.
These figures give an Impression of
the extent to which the transportation
system Is burdened with the move
ment of this bulky material and show
how much more railroad equipment
would be available for general freight
If the power which springs from coal
could be handled In another manner.
Power Plants at Mints.
In general outline the new plan
would provide for the erection at the
cor! mines of gigantic power plants.
The coal would he brought up just
fast enough to be put Into the
“Canned” Voices of All
v ~ Races in Berlin Museum
Berlin.—A museum of living
voices—more than 2,000 phono
graph plates of prominent per
sonages, of wild tribes and all
races—has been collected by
Prof. Wilhelm Doegen of the
Berlin public library.
The professor believes that
from this extraordinary museum
he could start a movement which
would solidify peace in the
< world, and he is now trying to
arrange for contact with Ameri
can and other scientists.
“Furthering the mutual under
standing of the peoples as well
as of scientific progress,” he
said, has always been the aim of
our work. For instance, the
I general idea about the Ghurkas
Ils that they are a savage tribe
glorifying in bloodshed. Now
i take this record.”
The sounds of a beautiful and
' melancholy tune ceased.
"Can anyone Imagine a tribe
having such songs and being a
mere set of cut-throats?” he con
' «nued. ,
furnaces and maintain a steady head
of steam to keep the dynamos turn
ing.
One of the underlying reasons for
discontent among coal miners and
therefore one of the main causes of
the coal strike is the Intermittency In
the industry. The big demand for
coal comes In the winter time; in the
summer months It falls off. Coal is
mined as the market calls for it.
Therefore, when the demand Is light
there is little mining to be done. The
men are thrown out ot employment.
The result Is that coal miners work
but from 165 to 210 days a year.
While their wages, are regarded as
good their work is not steady and
therefore their earnings for the year
are not large.
It is the opinion of experts that the
coal industry Is overmanned. There
are some 700,000 men engaged in it.
Under the power plan, the Intermit
tency In the w’ork of coal miners
would be eliminated. The coal would
be feeding machines running steadily
and not an ever-changing open-market
demand. •
Fewer Men Would Be Needed.
The requirements of the power gen
erators could be reckoned In advance
with a fair amount of accuracy and
the coal could be kept coming above
ground regularly all the year round.
Fewer men would be required to take
care of this production and while the
change would throw many thousands
out of work It would bw gradual and
ultimately Mould result In a clear
economic gain. It is claimed. Fewer
men would be doing one branch of
the world’s work. The remainder
would become engaged In other pro
ductive labor.
The first step In the plan for the
electrification of the nation is the
changing over of railroads from steam
to electric power. The railroads cross
the country in every direction and the
cities and Industries which consume
power are built up along their tracks.
Power cables would parallel the
tracks, but would carry so much more
power than would be required for the
railways that the surplus would be
ample for diversion to the cities en
route. This would run the mills and
factories, light the cities and furnish
power for municipal traction lines.
When William G. McAdoo was di
rector general of railroads during
federal control In the wartime, he
said that If government control were
to be permanent or even long ex
tended his first step would be the
electrification of the railroads. Some
of the roads have taken the step al
ready. Miles of the Baltimore A Ohio,
the Boston A Maine, the Chicago,
Milwaukee A St. Paul, the Erie, the
Silent Drama No Longer Silent
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To Prof. Jos. Tj'koclnsky-Tykociner of she University of Illinois goes the
credit f<»' having laken the ward “silent" from silent drama. After 20 years
of constant labor, tie has Just perfected what experts who have viewed It
eav Is it fool-proof talking moving picture machine. The Invention la a radical
departure over previous attempts nt this sort of apparatus In Hint it reprm
duces both picture nnd volee on the same strip of film in exactly synchronized
snotr bv means of a newly perfected selenium photoelectric cell. The Inventor
receives no monetary reward for bis device, as the patents are In the name
of the university.
Great Northern, the Michigan Central,
the New York Central, the New York.
New Haven A Hartford, the Norfolk
A Western, the Pennsylvania and the
Southern Pacific system already op
erate by electricity. Benefits found
are reduction in fuel cost, in main
tenance cost, elimination of coaling'
engines, increased tonnage per train,
Increased speed on grades, increased
reliability, reduced train crews, in
creased safety, reduced damage and
wear on equipment, reduced deprecia
tion on tracks and improved atmos
pheric conditions. Noise also Is elim
inated. The child of the future may
not identify a railroad train as a
“choo-choo.”
Electric Operation Cheaper.
All operating costs considered, the
experts figure that there is a net sav
ing of 25 per cent in electric opera
tion of railroad trains as compared
with steam. An analysis made by the
Norfolk A Western railroad revealed
that the fuel cost of running an elec
tric locomotive 100 miles was $44.95,
compared with a cost of $72.42 for
a steam locomotive..
It is estimated that power can be
transmitted by cable for a distance
of 200 miles before the leakage makes
the transmission wasteful. In many
sections of the country no railroad
is more than 200 miles distant from a
coal mine. But in the non-coal-produc-
Ing regions, the mine-mouth electrical
plants would be supplemented, under
the plan, by hydro-electric power
plants.
The nation Is rich In water power,
by far ti.e greater part of which Is
undeveloped. The general scheme of
railroad and industrial electrification
would include greater power develop
ment from *the streams. Between
these hydro-electric plants and the
coal-consuming power plants the coun
try could be covered with a network
of power cables which would serve
every purpose.
Some coal movement would con
tinue, such as that for domestic heat
ing, but the great bulk of the coal
transported to run railroads and fac
tories would not leave the mines. Its
energy would be shipped by wire.
Such a stupendous development
could not be realized In a day. It
would be the work of many years, but
with the forces of th* government,
supplemented by the support of ths
great industrial and railroad corpora
tions, it might be a feasible undertak
ing.
Woman Laughs at Death.
Niagara Falls, N. Y.—An unidenti
fied woman waded into the Niagara
river just above the falls, and was
swept over the horseshoe falls. She
left on the bank a note which said:
1 ikat going to see the falls. If I get
dizzy and fall please notify William
Jones, Orchard Park, N. Y.”
C ow Cotten' in Congo.
Between 50,000 and 60,000 natives of
the Belgian Congo are raising cottou
on small farms.
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ROBABLY you know that
Arkansas is pronounced
Ar-kan-saw, with the ac
cent on the first syllable
—by virtue of an act of
the state legislature. And
maybe you have heard
the famous old tune,
“The Arkansaw Travel
er,” with its accompany
ing dialogue. But do you
know that the people of
T
Arkansas have named it the ‘‘Wonder
State of the Union”? Do you know
that it produces genuine diamonds,
hydrotltanite and chert? Do you know
that an Arkansas concern prints ad-ii
mission tickets for all the big circuses
and play houses? Do you know that
John Pearson, an Arkansan, was the
Inventor of the Colt’s revolver?
Well, anyway, Representative Jaco
way of Arkansas got up in the house
the other day and spoke about like
this:
Arkansas has now been Incorporated
into the Federal Union for a period
of 86 years. During that time she
has wrought wondrously and well. She
has achieved those things of which
all Arkansans are justly proud, and
the history of this achievement we
want to publish to the world at large.
It is destined that her status will be
equal to the greatest in every respect
and which will serve as a national
model worthy of the emulation by
each of her sister states and second
to none. Mr. Speaker, I ask unani
mous consent to extend my remarks
In the Congressional Record by making
certain observations and detailing In
part a portion of the wonderful history
of that state from which I come and
which In part I have the great honor
to represent In the halls of national
legislation. In things undertaken and
carried to a successful ccnsummation
the name of Arkansas raoKs high on
the scroll, yet when all the facts rela
tive to this proud state 1 are known
nnd appreciated for their full. just,
nnd honest worth convinced will be
the minds of all that Arkansas has
been rightly named the “Wonder State
of the Union.”
Mr. Speaker, this data, based
largely on government statistics, was
compiled by the Arkansas Advance
ment association, an organization of
the foremost business men of the
state, and not operated for commercial
purposes. It Is with pleasurable pride
that I make certain recitals about my
native state and to commend the pa
triotism and state pride of those com
piling this wonderful data about a
wonderful state, to the end that
those who essay to speak of her ex
cept in terms most worthy, she will
prove bj’ the record that over all
criticism an eternal traverse has been
written. Only two classes of people
speak of Arkansas except in praise.
These two classes are those who are
densely Ignorant or morbidly envious.
The “certain recitals” occupied
about four pages of the Congressional
Record and contained about 12,000
words, and Included the following
statements In evidence that Arkansas
Is the “Wonder State of the Union:"
Arkansas grows two crops of Irish
potatoes annually, usually on the same
ground.
Arkansas has originated and named
Her Golf Lesson
Daughter had been out for the eve
ning. presumably to a moving picture
show. Her mother beard them come
home rather early, but daughter was
nearly an hour on the front porch
before coming In. The next morning
her mother took her to task.
"What took you so long on the
porch last night?” she asked.
“Why Fred was giving ms a gclf
lessiaL**
58 varieties of apples, and stands fifth
In the production of barreled apples.
Farmers in the rice belt of Arkan
sas paid more Income tax than farm
ers of any similar area in the United
States in 1919.
Mammoth Springs has a flow of 864,-
000,000 gallons daily. It supplies wa
ter for ihe operation of manufactur
ing enterprises and lighting several
small cities, and Is the source of pic
turesque Spring river. This spring
flows 600,000 gallons of water a min
ute—more than Chicago uses for all
purposes. The flow never varies, and
the temperature is the same winter
and summer.
Arkansas had the first national re
serve—Hot Springs. This Is the only
self-supporting government reserva
tion. It is the world’s most noted
resort. There are 48 thermal springs,
with an average flow of radioactive
waters of over 1,000,000 gallons daily,
ranging from 102 to 147 degrees Fah
renheit and averaging 142 degrees.
Arkansas has a population of 1,752,-
000, with only 14,000 foreign-born citi
zens.
Arkansas has more auotmoblles on
Its farms than any New England state.
Arkansas County, Arkansas, has
more tractors on its farms than any
other county in the world.
Arkansas has the largest apple vine
gar factory in the world.
Arkansas has the largest apple-dry
ing establishment in the world.
Arkansas is the only state where
pearl fishing Is a permanent and
profitable industry. The finest fresh
water pearls, selling up to $7,500,
marketed in the past decade, came
from Arkansas streams.
Practically all of the aluminum
cooking utensils used in the United
States today—loo per cent of those
manufactured in America —have their
origin in the Arkansas bauxite mines
of Saline county.
An Arkansan is national president
of the Tau Kappa Alpha, the honorary
debating fraternity.
Arkansas factory towns are abso
lutely smokeless, and travelers on ? r
kansas trains escape the smoke
nuisance, as Arkansas coal is smoke
less.
Scientists assert that the largest
prehistoric Implement factory was lo
cated in Hot Springs county. Exca
vations show that a sufficient amount
of novaculite was removed at Magnet
Cove to equip a nation with arrow
bends, battle axes, and stone imple
ments.
Arkansas has one of the geological
wonders of the world in Magnet Cove,
Hot Springs county. All the world's
foremost collections of minerals con
tain a Magnet Cove exhibit, rare min
erals being found there which have
never been discovered elsewhere.
Golf sticks, shuttles and bobbins
for cotton mills and lasts for shoe
makers are manufactured from Arkan
sas persimmon.
Arkansas has 129 species of native
trees. Sixty of these produce useful
commercial wood.
The collapsible onion crate, used a!
most exclusively in the shipment of (
Bermuda onions, originated In Arkun- |
sas.
Natural gas In the El Dorado fields '
“Nonsense, you can’t play golf
after dark.”
“Oh. but you cep, mother, he was
showing me how to hold iny hands
and my mouth so I could play prop
erly.’*
Had It All Figured Out.
Little John had been promised a
sister, and to the consternation of the
three-year-old boy, the stork left a baby
brother. He was keenly disappoint
ed, because, apparently, he had abso
lutely depended on a sister, and could
SEVEN
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fe U&gL. A
zAprrjr
will distill two gallons of gasoline per
thousand cubic feet.
Arkansas has the highest mountain
between the Alleghenies and the Rock
ies—Mount Magazine, 2.BGG feet high.
The largest nugget of zinc ever
taken out in one piece, weighing 70
tons, was quarried in Marlon county
in 1893.
Arkansas has a marble which Is elas
tic. bending under pressure, and re
bounding when the pressure Is re
leased. This elasticity enables the
stone to adapt itself to variable cli
mates without disintegration. It 18
quarried in Independence county in
large quantities.
Arkansas' leading newspaper, found
ed In 1819, Is the oldest paper pub
lished west of the Mississippi river.
Arkansas has the largest pontoon
bridge, the longest single-span bridge,
and the longest concrete bridge Ln the
world.
Arkansas is credited by noted church
leaders as standing first in Sabbath
observance.
Two of the three founders of the
Sigma Nu fraternity were Arkansans.
The only man ever Invited to ad
dress the New York lodge of Elks, not
a member of the lodge, was an Ar
kansan.
Authors of several of the best sell
ing books of the year are Arkansas
women.
Arkansas Is the native state of two
celebrated screen comedians.
The Ancient Concatenated Order of
Hoo Hoo, a national fraternal organ
ization of lumbermen, was founded in
Arkansas.
All railroads operating In Arkansas
serve pure spring water on their
trains.
Arkansas Is the only state with a
natural cold storage. It has a car©
of considerable size that is used for
this purpose.
Arkansas has produced a machlns
which shreds the top of growing oats,
wheat, barley and rice, removing the
grain and leaving the stalk standing.
The grain is loss injured than by
threshing, and the process Is more eco
nomical.
Arkansas Is located in the center of
the United States.
The famous Bowie knife originated
in Arkansas. The first knife of this
kind was manufactured by James
Black, a blacksmith, from a design
supplied him by James Bowie.
The Chi Omega sorority, one of th©
largest college secret societies for
women, was organized in Arkansas.
Arkansas Ims fewer undertakers in
proportion to its population than any
other state.
Baht* Ruth hits his home runs with
a bat made from Arkansas ash.
not break himself of using the pro
noun “she” when speaking of the
baby.
When his mother reprimanded him
for it he replied airily: "Oh, I am go
ing to call him ‘she’ until he hasn't
any more dresses on, then I’ll call him
‘he.’"
Tommy’ll Object.
"Tommy Jones I Does your inothef
know you ere learning to smoker*
"No; I want it to be a surprise.”—
Boston Transcript.

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