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WEEKLY NEWS. FCBUMiKD tTIKY 111! K.-U.U MoK.M>G, BY BENNETT & MILKER. nrvi.Y c. n.ssm haiku k. miixkf Office, in r.uiDisEr.L x ruy. i itm uciLUixa. Watk inyton street — COI.VMIUA. >\\L. • TEIIMSi Per annum, In nilvnim SIOO Six mouths ;> 50 rhreo months I ;>.■» numliers 10 Papers supplied to Admits at $T> 00 per lOtlcopies. Termti-of Ailwrilxln^. v-jh*> square, ten lines, 1 tiosertem 00 i;ach subsequent insertion. ... 4 OO To those who advertise by the monllir.TiVr.il deduction will be iuade.~2(L ‘•'All transient advertising must I*' paid for in ATI VANCE ; and regular advertisers are required to settle unnithly. Job i*i luting. _ Having furnished onr ofliee /T with a new andheauttfnl assortment JL ■of printing material, vve are now pro. KjR&iSS ■pared to execute every description <d Plain and Fticcy Job Printing fvllV iu a ueut, workmanlike manner, at short notice and on reasonable terms, —such as BUSINESS CARDS, CIRCCI.AIIS. DAM. TICKETS, PHOCKAMMES, KAURIS. RIM S Of KARK, im.l, IIKAKS. rjTKCKS. CERTIFICATE!*. SOCIETY NOTICES. COXSTITUTU/Va, TiV RAW'S. POORS, PAMPHI.ETS, POSTER*!. IIANDRHJIIS. rRINTINIJ IN PRONZES AND Co) ,oR tar INKS, ETC.. ETC., ETC., «r Ail Job wftrk intiHt be paid for whrn CtAivared. BUSINESS CATIDS. JOSEPH M. CAVIS, Attorney 'nml t'onnwllor »t Ran , Of KICK on Kulfon, Kdween Main Street and Ttr-'.e! way, Columbia I'Jr. !♦*, IM!*.—tf. AUGI OAMPBKbL, M. I>. y > on TVi»r»*lway betwni J\St» V- CoUj fiun. « cnN StM# sln*t‘t Oilunl J«n. 20. IS**' l -tf SPAULDING. At-(m . j him! i'uniwcllttT nt l.»w. <<FFIUF yrate Uolnuhi.v .Irn 7't. ' JOHN S. GRAHAM, M. D, BHAVTS FLAT. OFFERS tits profe-siousl *. r rk-es a* l liv f. ian a-d Sur.eisi to the residents ol Tuolumne country. March 'JT, 'ft*. • f. ANNIE L. A VERY, M. D. Homeapathic Practitioner! I}h**XSi'K—On C»«»H street, «d Zlntv ir..l I, VlivctK—Cou.srr.iA. janftitf DR. MANNING HAS KKSfTMKO THE PRAO lice of his professks*. Ortlor—\t lii. Main street—Skoca, Cal. jan'.M f A M I) U O T YI'ES ..AT.. je ■: c; ;■«*., m m 9 Main street, Columbia. .'> tf COURT EXCHANGE, SONOH A. SAM BOOSE, Brrjirielnr. A I l.l«|Hor* at One lilt |)»-r (tliuii, BOSTWICK & WILHOIT, Freighters and Forwarders, Btocliton . /■ i oons consigned to us wii.i re promitlv \T forwarded, a* desired, at the lowest freights, free of charge. BOSTWICK * WIUIOIT. N. B.—Goodsstored in a fire proof warehouse until thlpjwil. Btockton, Jan. ft. IS/>9. D. J. Oullahan, Forwarding and Commission Merchant , fIU ♦ c* c* «> jul • Having resumed the sole direction and management of my Forwarding business, I am »h» prepared,to forward all kinds of goodsata cheaper .'ate of freight—aafer aud quicker than any other house tntlusctty. 10 tf PRIVATE LESSONS UN BAHSItN®. TUEt'NIfJiSIGNED WOULD RESPECTFULLY' IN- Corm the Public, that he is now prepared to give private lesions in any of the Fashionable I»auces of the day, either at his residence on Washington Street, or at the residence of the pupii, it desired. Terras moder ate. C. CARDINELL, Theatre Building, Washington Street. mails! Arrlral and hour of closing the Call. nia Mails, in Columbia : Slnckl/m. Sarrammtn. San Francucn , fa. Arrives—Daily, except Sunday, at 7 r. m. Closes—Daily, except Sunday and Saturday, at 8 p.M Closet,—Sunday, at 4r, x. ’Mokelutnne Hill , Murphy' t y AngrVs, fa. Arrive*—Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 10 a.m. Closes—Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 8 P. n. Mariposa. Jacksonville, Big Oak Flat , fa. Arrivee—Weekly, en Sunday, at 10 a. m. Cloeefr—Weekly, on Tuesday, at 4 P. m. Dan Pedro's, Maxwell's Creek, fa. ‘ Arrivee Sunday, Wednesday and Friday, at 10 a Closes—Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday at 4 r. x. m Sonora. Arrives— Dsily, at 10 x. a. it. CTo»e«—Dsllf, at 4 P. • Z. B TINCKIM. P M ... - ( 4C C|f ColumWa We stall now confine our notes I the portal that a child is in the nursery that of earliest childhood. “Train tip a child in the way he should go, and when he is old-be will not de part from it,” says Solomon; and. although this sublime moral advice does not amount to an axijin, the correctness of the maxim is so far established that, its early Inculcation be neglected or do f rred, the bias of the future mind is deteriorated in a ten-fold ratio. On paronfs, therefore, it depends whether ikeir children shall prove a blessing or a curse —whether they shall comfoit their declining years, or bring down their grey hairs with sorrow"to the grave. On the basis of religion must their happiness be founded, and the existence of a Supreme and Invisible Being the first knowledge that is imprinted on their weak and ten der minds. When children are permit ted by nature to notice the beautiful varieties of the creation, teach them to believe that to the hand of an all merci ful and bent ficient Creator we owe their formation, that they are sent to us as tho reward and encouragement of virtue, and that to act in opposition to the divine will would be the surest means to deprive us of every benefit we enjoy. Instead of terrifying their weak imaginations by the representation of a thousand fright ful monsters to them, such as old Boby, the chimney-sweep , or any other of the like smutty tribe, to whom they are to be consigned when they commit a fault, or punishing them in any other mapner, or, on the contrary, flattering their little minds with delusive hopes, to bribe them to their duty, teach and encourage them to bo good, for virtue’s sake; tell them taat an all-seeing Bye is'witness to their most private faults, and that to Heaven they must look for their reward or punishment; and, although the system of bribery is unquestionably a bad thing cither in the senate or in the family circle, children should by no means bo discouraged, so far as to suffer their little merits to pass unnoticed and dis regarded. They should be taught, from precept and example, to know that a good action is always sure to meet with a suitable acknolcdgement, if not at all times with a reward; whilst, at tho same time, to guard them against the insinuating influence of vanity, it should be equally inculcated that, in the COLUMBIA, CAL., THUESDAY, FEBEUAEY 24, 1859. Music of Labor. The baugiiig of the hammer, The -whining of the plane. The crashing of the busy paw, The creaking ol the crane, The ringing of the anvil, The grating of the dri; The clattering of the turning lathe, The whirling of the mill, The ho/ring of tiiespimMe, The rattling of the loom, - he puffing ol the engine, The fan's continued boom, The clipping ol the tailor’s shears. The driving of the nwl— These .sounds of honest industry, i K»vo—l io,e them all. The clicking of the magic type. The earnest talk of men, The toiling of the giant press, The scratching of the jien. Tbe tapping of the yard stick, The tinkling of the scales, The whistiliug of the needle, (When no bright cheek it pales.) The humming of the cookiug stove, The surging ol the broom. The pattering feet, of childhood, The housewife's busy hunt, The buz/.ing of the scholars, The teachers kindly call— The sounds of active industry, 1 love—l loro hem all. 1 love the plowman's whistle, The reapers-cheerful song, The drovers oft repeated shout, Spurring his stock along ; The hustle df fne market-man, As he hies him to the town ; The halloa from the tree-top. As the ripened fruit corr.es down ; The busy sound of threshers, A’ they clean the rijiened cxr.in ; The barker's joke and catch of glee, 'Neath the moonlight on the j/.ain, The kind voice of the drayman. The shepherd's gentle call— The pleasant sounds of industry, 1 love—l Jove them all. Oh. there's a good in fabor, If we latirtr but aright, ‘Hurt gives v’g> r to the day-time, A sweeter sleep at night; A g'ssi fyhat hringeth pleasure, Kveu'to tiie loii.ug boors; For duty cheers the spirit, As dew revives the flowers. Then say not that Jehovah Gave labor as a doom— No ! Ti.s the richest mercy From the cradle to the tomb. Then let ns still lie doing V, hale'er we’fmd to do, Will ehe tfnl, hop*<id spirit. And lice hand, atv ic find true. Ediirnthm. execution of whatever they may have so ably and so obediently accomplished, they have aoted in no other manner than as dutiful and becoming ehildren. No one cn doubt that children are horn with various dispositions, or the germs of such dispositions* and it is equally true, that by proper and timely management, these dispositions may be so changed and meliorated by the atten tion of a parent, or those to whom they are entrusted, that not only their little blemishes may be smoothed away, but even those things which more offensive ly distinguish die child, may* by proper discipline, become the characteristic ornaments of the man. “In respect to the desires of children,” observes Dr. Parr, “it is hardly possible to lay down any general rule; but the best method of inuring them to disappointment is, per haps rather to call of their thoughts to some now gratifications, than to drive them forcibly from any favorable pur suit. Their inclinations are keen, but fickle; and, therefore he giverno mean proof of his skill in the management of the human mind, who makes one weak ness tho instrument of counteracting another.’’ The temper of a child in the early days of its infancy, and beyond a certain period, is not easily rectified, should it unfortunately have taken a wrong bend. If every little sally of passion and impa tience were instantly and properly con trolled—if such things as are admissible were regularly permitted, and those that are improper as regularly and steadily withheld, the wily little crea 4ure would soon learn to distinguish be tween what is what is prohib ited; but a will be found, if, on no consis tency regulates 6w^oßaagement—if at one time the is re fused, and at another the most extrava gent and even injurious cravings p re sa tisfied, just as lhe’wiiinA)f £Lo fiCft-ut, may lead him to gratify his ill-humor, by thwarting another, or to amuse his moments of ennui by playing with his child as with a monkey and exciting it to those acts of mischief and audacity for which, in the next moment it may suffer a severe correction. The effects of such an insensible and capricious Hue of conduct, and the serious consequences must strike home to the bosom of every parent alive to bis duty, as at once un charitable and inconsistent. Contin ually undergoing either disappointment or punishment or engagod in extorting gratifications, which he often triumphs at having gained by an artful display of passion, his lime passes on, until at length the poor child frequently mani fests a degree of ill-humor sufficient to render him the little detested tyrant of his playmates ahd inferiors. No one will here presume, we believe, to assert that such a mode of tampering with the education of children—an education by ! which it is here intended to be under- i stood combining the whole concourse ofi circumstances, which form the human j character—is not erroneous in tho ex- j treme; yet how frequently do we witness | its eficcts in our intercourse with human | life! It may be asked, If, when child- j ren do wrong, are they to bo corrected: j Most undoubtedly they are to be cor- j reeled; that is, they are to be directed right, and prevented from doing wrong, and special care taken that this cor rection be correct , for these young rea soners are as expert aa ourselves in de tecting fallacies; and as in criminal so ought it to be in moral law —it is bet ter that ten navghty buys should go un punished, than an innocent one should he whipped for a fault of which he is not the author. In punishing children for their faults or vices, the greatest care is necessary that capriciousness forms no part of this process, and punishment for doing wrong will effect more harm than good, in proportion to tho frequency with which it is inflicted; for punishment, mental or corporeal, will bo invariably, and as much as possible, avoided, and the dread of it will make them both liars and hypocrites. Above all things, children should be taught candor, and tho undisguised declaration of their feelings; but whilst they are operated upon by the apprehension of pain, suchv candor and declaration of their feelingt will be prevented; their chief occupa tion, under such circumstances, will bt; the practice of deceit and duplicity, in \ order to conceal the errors they have committed. No child will be candk’ without kindness, and it will bo diffiem to persuade any child that in him to bodily or mental ipr' have his happiness at heart/ r A Beautiful Incident. —William IV, expired about midnight, if we rc me mix. p right, at Windsor Palace. The The Archbishop of Canterbury, with olher peers and functionaries of the were tttendanco. As soon as lie ’“sceptre departed” with the last breath of the king, the Archbishop quitted Windsor Castle and made his way, with all possjlle speed, to Kensing ton Palace, the re idence at that time of the Princess (already by the law of suc cession, Queen) Victoria. He arrived long before daylight, announced himself, and requested an immediate interview with the princess She hastily attired herself, amf met tho venerable prelate in her ante-room * He informed her of the death of Wiiliara, and formally an nounced to her *aat she was, in law and right, the decreased mon arch. “The sovereignty of the most powerful nation of the earth* lay at the feet of a girl of eighteen.” She was, de jure queen f the only realm, in fact or history, which the sun never sets.” She W'i deeply agitated at “the formidable words, so fraught with bless ing or calamity.” The first words she was able to utter were these, “I ask your prayers *in my behalf,” .They kneeled together; and Victoria inaugur ated her reiga, like the young King of Israel in older, time, by asking from the Most High who ruleth in the kingdotns of men, “an understanding to judge so great a people, who could.not be numbered nor counted for multi tude.” 1 * ‘ ■' The sequel of her reign has been worthy of such a beginning. Every throne in Europe has tottered since that day. Most of them have been for a time overturned. That of England was never so firmly seated in the loyalty and love of the people as at this hour. Queen enjoys, a personal in fluence, tv;, —the hefrt-felt homage , e. wife,.a rpother, a friend, and benefactor to the poor, a Christian woman, incomparably wider and greater than that of any monarch now reigning. She is loved at home and admired übroadi In America there exists a more profound and abiding respect for Victo ria than perhaps for any other living person. Being a practical people, we recognise and appreciate the value of her example to rulers and and tho ruled. Arizona and, Sonora are, beyond doubt, rich in silver deposits, which, in the course of a few years and under the appliances of science and capital, will some day return magnificent results; but as jet those remote and barren solitudes | are'ia the highest degree unfavorable to ! single-handed effort. | tjilver mining is emphatically a busi ; ness demanding costly machinery and : strong gangs of steady, reliable labor j ers, and these it will be difficult to | transport through a thousand miles of | howling wilderness, to the interior of | Arizona and Sonora. Outside of min j ing, there is no employment for poor j men who go there to earn their bread ;by stated labor. There is such a scant I proportion ot arable land, and such mis i enable scarcity of pure and living water, that farming, even in the old Spanish 1 time, was not carried on to an extent to supply the mining establishments with bread. Forest timber is so rare that one may journey day after day without meeting a fair-sized tree. In the deep sheltered valleys, few and far between, may be met a green oasis, but most of these are already appropriated, and no one wants to hire laborers to cultivate them.” Whoever produces something useful in the world, lives upon his own indus try, meets his obligations, deal equita bly, adds to the true wealth and worth of the world’s character, and is reliable, trustworthy, self-respected, and respect ful of others—his life is a life of grow ing manliness, and his death will be a real loss to humanity. Want of Liueralitv.—One always receiving never giving is liko the stag nant pool, in which whatever flows re gains, whatever remains corrupts. Queen a gentleman in ta ’’ap who had - 1 eifcct i so soon |ed, f b win : m We regret to learn fronvJMr. T. Me G-urty, that the costly Jenny Lind Flume upon which so much expense and labor has been expended, was entirely des troyed, with the exception of two towers, on Thursday the 17 th, inst,. The two remaining towers were partially destroy ed, the other five totally. The loss is not less than SIO,OOO, which falls most heavily on Mr Holt, the builder, and Mr. Dennis, who furnished the lumber. This is the third time that this structure has beA broken down. Tho flume, which is one hundred and twenty feet from the ground, and about three and a half feet Wide by two and a hah feet deep, crossed a canon, and was over half I a mile in length. It was strongly sus pended, and secured by heavy cables and very stout wires, in such a manner that it would have seemed that no natural power could have started it, but in such gales as that one on Thursday, tho Wind drives with such irresistable fury through tho tunnel-like canon, that the powerful ■ work could not resist its force. For an hour or two it trembled, and was anxiously watched by individuals, when at last the piles to which the guys were secured were wrenched from the earth, and commencing on the cast side of the flume, began to topple over. In two or three minutes the whole structure was hurled to the earth. The flume Was to convey water to the lower Jenny Lind Diggings, and the miners have been throwing up dirt for some six months Hist in anticipation of the supply. Latterly a largo number had taken hold to assist in finishing the work, as they were anxious to commence washing. The consequences to the miners and merchants of that vicinity will bo more disastrous than if a destructive fire had occurred. In a few days the flume would have been ready to have passed the water over, but all hope of its re erection is now at an end for the present. — San Joaquin Republican. The perfect human character as sketched by poets, novelists, and fine writers in general, if universally imita ted, would wind up the race in two days the supplies of life produced by imper fect characters were exhausted. Were all women to imitate the beautiful speci men of feminine perfection held up to i admiration, no shirt would be washed, ; no cabbage cooked, and tho world would I starve and rot in filth. The truth is, 1 there is work to be done. Dust on the hands! Big muscular fingers! Sun- J “ O i browned face! Kitchen smut and | smoke! Some one must work! Many ! must toil. There is plenty for all to do, and no one has a right to live with out doing something. And yet all the perfect (?) models are but brilliant do nothings. Away with all your moon shine which is reflected from another body! And as man has both body and mind, with powers and faculties, the true man is he who uses both for some beneficial purpose, By so doing alone can he develop a faithful human charac ter, and grow up into a genuine model of Life, Truth, Beauty, Wisdom and Hap piness Thus alone can he be healthy in body and send his blood down through healthy veins. Thus alone can he elevate his spiritual nature to a true conception of the Infinite Worker that constructed the universe and is still building. Important as to Tax-Titles.— Wo would direct the attention of delin quent property owners to tho annexed important paragraph from tho rcecnt de cision of tho Supreme Court, in the case of Elliot J. Moore vs. W. Y. Patch. Justice Baldwin, with the concurrence of Justice Field, says : A general impression seems to pre vail that no tax sale can be made which will bo effectual to pass title. Without expressing any opinion on tho facts of any given case, it may not be out of place to suggest that consequences of a serious character may result to owners of property by a too confident reliance upon tbe idea that taxes may be aft un paid with impunity. This is tho most decisive intin tion touching the general Validity of tax tiles that wo have yet had from tho Supreme Court. A broker, not long ago, when escort ing home a fair damsel, asked her what sort of money she liked best ? Of course, the blushing beauty instantly suggested “matrimony.” What interest docs it bring?” inquired tho man of current funds and W estcru wild-cat discounts. properly invested,” faltered the %‘‘it will double tbe original \r years.” s Flowers.' —How the universal heart of man blesses fowers! Th y are • wreathed around the cradcl, the mar rhge-altar, and tomb! The Persian in , the far east delights in their perfume, and writes his Lve in nosegays; while the Indian child of the far west elapj his hands with as he gathers the abundant blossoms the illuminated Scripture of the prairies. The Cupid of the ancient Hindoos tipped his arrows with dowers; and orange buds are the bridal crown with Us, a nation of yester day. Flowers garlanded the Grecian altar; and they hang in votive Wreath;: before the Christian shrine. All these are appropriate uses. 1' lowers shoul 1 deck the brow of the youthful bride, for they arc in themselves a lovely typo o' marriage. They should twine around the tomb, for their perpetually renewed beauty is a, symbol of 'he resurrection. They should festoon the altar, for their fragrance and their beauty ascend in perpetual worship before the Most High. Lady M. Child. Knowing His MeS.—The Bailors of tho filibuster schooner Susan deserted before the vessel got out of the bay. There were none but landsmen on board, except the captain, and it is traditional at sea that it is not easy to convert a landsman into a sailor at short notice. The sea dogs have phrases of their own, arc Greek to the others. To ob viate this defect Captain Maury took a novel and ingenious expedient. Every man on board, we supposa, knew how to play cards, and the captain, taking advantage of this skill, tied a card to each of the ropes of the vessel. The orders then ran somewhat in this fashion; “Haul in the ace of hearts!” “Let go the king of diamonds!” "Belay on the deuce of spades!” &c* By these means the extemporised soon got the hang of the fopes. and affairs went on pretty smoothly. A Bald Eagle Froze* to the Ice,—l he olhor|day a large bald eagle'caught » wild duck in the Susquehanna opposite the Duncannon, near Harrisburg. Pa., carried it to a cake oi ice which had lodged on a rock, and commen ced his feast. During tho operation, it is supposed that, being frozen fast t& tho icc, and being unable to extricate himself there from, perished. Ho was seen flapping his wings until dark. There was a desire to cap ture the great “American.” but ho could not be approached on account of the great masc of floating ice between him and the shore. Cotn.—lt was so cold in January at Sf. Paul that the Mercury was down to 37 degrees, below zero; the minute orowy tpiculte with which the air is usually filled of cold morn ings, grew to transparent tenpenny nails, huge spikes and shining bars; and when ono trod on the pavement, it was like fine steel. Dcriro the recent election of tho United States Senators in South Carolina, one for the long term and the other lor the unexpi red term of Judge Evans, thrro were many balloting* and much excitement. A gay, dashing young widow, of great personal at traction, was in Columbia at the time, and the nephew of one of the contestants became so confused between the calls of lovo and the lobby, that he actually declared himself to tho lady as “a candidate for the unexpired term of her late husband.',, We are pleased to say he was elected to the vacancy on the first bal lot. Douglas JerolJ says; A diamond is R diamond, though you put it upon tho finger of a beggar —only that upon finger of a beggar nobody would believe it to bo a diamond Docs not modi oant genius every day offer tho “pre cious jewel in his head” for salo, and yet because the bolder is a mcdicant, does not the world believe tho jewel to be of no value? Men have* died with jewels in their brains, and not until the men wero dead were tho gems owned to be truo water. Man is like a snow-ball. Leave him lying in idleness against the sunny fence of prosperity, and all the good that’s in him mebs liko fresh butter, in these days; but kick him around, and he gathers strength with every revolution, until be grows into an avalanche. To make a figure in tbo world, you must keep* moving. “Put out your tongue a little farther,” said a physician to a female patient; “ a little farther, ma’am, if you please —a little farther still.” “Why, doctor, do you think there is no end to a woman’s tonguo?” cried the fair invalid. Women aro not naturally funny. They range above or below it. They may bo keen and witty but not humor ous. Nevertheless they aro good urea tures many of ’em. A gentleman who had a scolding wife, in answer to an inquiry after her health said she was pretty well; only subject, at times, to a “breaking out in the mouth * NO 26.