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VOL. I. THE IMPERIAL FARMER. For olght montliH prior to Jtin««. 1 001 1 tho Iroporlal farmer wai pub* Ijihed monthly In tho city of l*on An r.'i'H undor the editorial manage mont of tho undersigned, With tha May number, tho publication of tiiiH monthly was temporarily suspended, and nt a lator dato an arrangement was made to consolidate the Imperial Farmer with tho Imperial Pross, a weekly paper published at the new town of Imperial; the consolidation to take effect on the llrst of November. 1001. This issue of the Imperial Pros* and Farmer is the firm issuo under the now management, with K. F. Howe In editorial control. Mr. Howe is today considered one of the ablest writers In Southern California on tho re sources of this country. It Is pro posed to make tho Imperial Tress and Farmer second to no other weekly newspaper in the Slate. All persons who have paid subscrip tions to the Farmer In advance, will bo served with tho Press weekly until they have received me amount due them at tho rato of $1.50 per year from tho new publication in lieu of tho old rate of $1.00 a year for the former piiS' ; catlon. We congratulate our late readers on the change, believing that they will be more than satisfied with the new pro gram mo. L. M. HOLT. HOW TO GET A RANCH. The land under the Imperial canal system belongs to the government, with the exception of tho sixteenth nnd thirty-sixth sections of each town ship, which are school lands and be long to tho State. Tho government lands are obtain able elthor under the Desert Land Laws at n cost of $1.25 pci j»tc, of whirl) amount 25 cents in paid at the time of filling on the land, icd the remainder Ih payable at any time within four years when the pettier proven up on his claim. The water right Is obtainable by purchasing stork In one of the Im perial water companies of which there are several, each having a particular territory to supply with water, Ail these companies get their wa»T from the Imperial Canal System, which is the property of the California Devel opment Company. The stock of nil the companies is all sold at the samo price and on the nnme terms. At the present time the stock Is held at $l. r i per share, on ensy terms of payment. Interest on deferred payments is nt tho rate of live per cent, per annum. The Imperial water companies are organ! tod on the mutual plan, and get wnter from the Imperial Canal Sys tem delivered at the International boundary line, for which they pay tho ttti in of fiO cents per acre foot which Ih equal to about two cents per Inch for 24-houra' flow. Tho water Ib "Water Is King— Here Is its Kingdom/ 9 IMPERIAL, C/VL, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1901. then delivered to HtorkholderM only an they may order It at cost price whlcn Ih the price paid the California Dove!' opment Company plus tho cost of of h trlbutlon »h<i ozpemo of keeping up fhe distributing system. For tho amount of water dellrercd «nd tho certainty of Uh being deliv ered when called for, thlH Ih thd cheapest Irrigation water to be found Ir. the United States at tho present 1 1 mo— and tho moHt abundant Hupply. BTOWBLL BLOCK, LOS ANGKLKS. OFFICES OF CALIFORNIA DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, IMPERIAL LAM) COMPANY, AM) DELTA INVESTMENT COMPANY. THE GANGES CANAL. Tho largest Irrigation cnnal in tho world is said to bo the Ganges canal in India, which is ISO feet wide and ten feet deep, and carries 6750 cubic feet of water per second. This is the statement of the "National Irrlgator." This canal was a government enter prise. Tho Imperial canal now being con structed to irrigate 500.000 acres of land In California and about 300,000 In Lower California will consist of three parallel canals each of which will be sixty feet in width and ten feet deep, or a total of 180 feet in width and ten feet deep, tho same as the Ganges canal. Tho (lances canal using water on a basis of one inch to two ncrvs— the basis on which the Imperial canal Is constructed— would Irrigate G75.000 acres of land, or 12'-' .OOO acres less than the amount which will bo Irri gated by tho Imperial canal. This can probably lie accounted for on the presumption that tho Imperial canal lias a little more fall to the mile than tho Qangcs, and honco would carry more wuter. AND FARMER. Two hundred thousand arron of land In the Halt Klver Valley, which Ih only partially Irrigated, and hence Is only partially productive, Is Blip porting a population of .30,000 people, and a move Is on foot to construct the Tonto reservoir so as to fully reclaim this 200,000 acres and make It support double the population It does today. These facts are gle&ned from th»» Ari zona Republican, a live daily pub lished at Phoenix in the Salt Illver Valley. The Republican is solid in ir rigation matters, and is doing a great work for Arizona. If 200.000 acres of land now partially irrigated, supports 30.U00 people, and would support 60, : 000 when fully irrigated, what will the '500.0 tv acres in Imperial Settlements support, having a full water sup ply for every acre? With one inhab itant to every three acres, the pop ulation of that section would be 166, \ 000 — more people than there are to i day in Los Angeles city and county. | This Is no dream. It is a conservative 1 statement. The Jaffa orange Is grown In and around Jaffa on the Syriau Coast, and the crop amounts annually to about 300,000 boxes. The Jaffa orange gar den covers usually about twenty acres on which are planted about 0000 trees twelve feet apart each way. Tho or ange is budded on lemon stock and comes to maturity In six years when the annual income is from $100 to $125 per acre. The crop is mostly shipped to Kußland— loss than 1000 carloads a year — about one-third tho Ketlhuuls* crop. NEW YORK TRIBUNE, PHILADELPHIA PRESS What Some of the Leading Eastern Publications Have to Say About the Imperial Canal System. The New York Dally Tribune, in its Issue of Sunday, September 19, pub lishes an illustrated article under the heading of "Reclaiming a Desert," In which it says: "The most remarkable series of Irri gation projects ever wrought out In the United States arc rapidly taking form on the Colorado River, the great est stream In the Southwest, which carries sufficient water to irrigate eight million acres of land. On the California side of the river is the vast Colorado desert. Across the Interna tional line in Mexico, on the Peninsu la of Lower California, the desert ex tends to the southward. On the east ern, or Arizona side of the river, the desert extends from Yuma to the head of the Gulf of California and be yond. . . "The greatest of the projects, how ever, is that of the Imperial Company, which has entered upon the gigantic task of irrigating five hundred thou sand acres of land in San Diego coun ty, California, and three hundred thousand acres in Mexico, and which delivered its first water in June of the present year. The water now deliver able to the Imperial lands is sufficient for the irrigation of more than one hundred thousand acres, and to this additions are being made rapidly. Several hundred acres were planted in June, on the arrival of water, and fully fifty thousand acres will in all probability be sown in alfalfa during the coming winter. "Before water was placed on any of the land under this system, over eighty thousand acres were filed on by settlers under the Desert Land Law and the Homestead Law, and hun dreds of people are now rushing into the country f anxious to take advan tage of the opportunity held out by the government to acquire cheap land under the assurance of crops provided by irrigation." The Philadelphia Press, in its issue of September 29, also publishes an Il lustrated article which is headed "Nile Dams Surpassed by Greatest Ir rigation System in the World:" "From the present rush into the country, it seems probable that within a year or so, the entire area of irri gable lands on the delta in the United States will be taken up. The average holdings will be about 100 acres, im plying that some 7500 families will find homes on the delta within the next year or two. . . . "But the popular conception of a desert is a wide expanse of light, drifting sands. That is erroneous. There may be drifts of sand, and there are here, in places, banks of sand off at the edge of the desert. But the main floor, hundreds of thousands of acres in extent, is not of sand, but of a sed imentary deposit, made by the great Colorado River, the shavings, as it were, produced by the carving out of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, tho grandest and most awful work of na ture on* the whole broad face of tho old earth. "The soil Is compact, and teamß driven over Its unbroken surface trot along at ease. Yet It Is easily worked, and chemists who have carefully an alyzed It declare that it oven exceeds in fertility tho famous soil of thu del ta of the Nile, while tho water of tho river, used for irrigation, carries greater fertilizing properties than does tho wnter of tho Nile, and a well drilled to tho depth of 585 feet was still In tho snmo soil when it was abandoned." No. 29.