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AND FARMER. VOL 1. IMPERIAL WATER COMPANIES. MUTUAL WATER COMPANIES ABSOLUTELY CONTROLLED BY LAND OWNERS. PARENT COMPANIES FURNISH WATER TO MUTUAL COMPANIES UNDER PERPETUAL CONTRACT AT STIPULATED PRfCE THAT CANNOT BE CHANGED. A correspondent writes for infor mation relative to the various water companies in the Imperial Settlements. He seems to think that some of the water companies are selling water to consumers and by relying on another water company for the water, that there is a chance for a. cinch game. So long as any one thinks that there is an opportunity to get hurt in pur chasing land and water stock, it is better to so state, and seek to have matters explained. LOCATION OF THE PERMANENT HEADING OK THE IMPERIAL CANAL SYSTEM ON THE COLORADO RIVER, ONR MILE ABOVE THE TEMPORARY HEADING NOW BEING USED. There is one large water company — the California Development Com pany—which owns the water right from the Colorado River and owns, in connection with a subsidiary Mexican Company, the canal that conducts the water from that river for a distance of about sixty miles to the lands to be irrigated. Said companies cannot distribute the water in a satisfactory manner to the thousands of people who will own 800,000 acres of land to be irrigated. The machinery for such distribution "Water is King— Here is its Kingdom.' " IMPERIAL, CAL, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1901. would be too cumbersome and the re sult would not be satisfactory to the users of water. Again, if said companies were to undertake that work, the people them selves — the users of the water — would have no voice in the distribu tion or management of the system, for they have no stock in such com panies; they are not formed on the mutual plan, and there would always be a contest between the people and the companies as to how the work should be done and how much should be charged for the services. So far as any one individual or tract of land is concerned, there are but two water" companies— the Califor nia Development Company which con structs and owns the main system in connection with the Mexican Com pany, and his own Mutual Water Company of which he is a stockholder and which Mutual Water Company purchases from the California Devel opment Company and the Mexican Company under a contract — perpet ual in character — whereby his Mutual Water Company is enabled to get all the water it wants for all time to come, for the fixed price of fifty cents per acre foot which is equal to about two cents per inch for a tweny-four hours' flow. This Mutual Water Company — Im perial Water Company No. 1, for in stance — is simply a combination of the land owners under the laws of the State of California, which enables them to own and control their own distributing system of canals and ditches, and distribute their own water — bought under contract from the California Development Company — to their own stockholders and to no one else, in their own way. If therefore, the distribution is not sat isfactory, or if the distributing sys tem of canals and ditches is not kept in proper shape, then they have no one to blame but their own officials who can be easily removed and others put in their places. It would be a business and financial impossibility to form one Mutual Water Company that should go to the Colorado river and construct one sys tem to irrigate 500,000 acres of land in California and 300,000 acres in Lower California. The system could not be built on that plan and no one would take stock in a corporation hav ing so many stock holders with the responsibility of the stock reaching to the Colorado river 150 miles, from some of the lands to be eventually irrigated. It is true that there are several corporations connected with this en terprise, but each land owner after he has purchased his water stock and paid for it, only has to deal with the one corporation — his own Mutual Water Company — and that Mutual Water Company has to deal as a cor poration with the California Develop ment Company to the extent of tak ing from that Company what water it needai under terms already per manently fixed by contract and then paying that Company for such water on t-*e first days of January and July of each year. All other corporations can be brushed to one side as being of no in- terest to the land owner after he has purchased and paid for his water stock. This system is not only the most complete to be found in the State of California and the most simple from the water users' point of view, but it is the only system that can be used under the conditions as they exist in that locality under California laws that would be at all satisfactory to the land owners. The founders of this system have spent many years in actual work in No. 33.