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FUTURE OF THE SOIL There is every reason to believe that in course of cultivation the constituents and texture of the soil of the Imperial valley will undergo marked change, as the soil of every new country must. This is partially because, in the course of cultivation, there will be a natural tendency to add to the elements which are least plentiful and to draw from those which are most abundant. It is said that in the Salt River valley it is possible to determine from a glance at the soil in which places it was culti vated by the ancient lost race and in which it has never been cultivated. In the same valley it has been found that grain following alfalfa on a given piece of land produces much heavier crops than when grown as a first crop. Potash, phosphoric acid and nitrogen are the essential chemical elements in plant growth, neither one being able to replace another. Humus is a desir able element in the soil for regulating its texture, though not essential for plant growth. In many sections lime is also a desirable element. The common sources of supply of potash, phosphoric acid and nitrogen as used in chemical fertilizers are re spectively deposits of salts, decomposed organic matter and nitrate of soda, each often found deposited by receding ocean water. Thus when human ingenuity is ap plied to the task of furnishing an ar tificial supply of plant food, it finds the three essentials in places where a receding ocean has made the deposit. It naturally follows that where the ocean has receded and made way for a great valley such as the Imperial val ley that one would expect to see an abundance of plant food, and that probably explains the wonderful pro ductiveness of the crops thus far grown. But it is also a natural supposition that in some portions of the valley one of the elements may be found in great er abundance than is required, while another may be lacking to a degree, and it is thus profitable to note what crops will feed most actively on some elements, and which will tend to sup ply other elements. The number of pounds of the three essential elements which several pro ducts will take from an acre of ground with one crop is thus given as a result of study through the United States: Phos phoric Nitro- Crop acid ucn Potash Wheat 24 59 31 Barley 21 46 38 Oats 22 55 62 Corn 31 67 80 Potatoe 21 46 74 Sugar beets 32 69 143 Mangel-Wurzel 46 150 264 Sorghum 24 121 153 Cabbage 88 150 360 Alfalfa 26 113 71 There is evidence of the presence of phosphoric acid in abundance, in the Imperial lands, and it will be many years, if ever, before a renewal of sup ply will be desirable. There is a possibility that an in creased supply of nitrogen will be de sirable, though the crops thus far grown do not show a lack of that ele ment. Alfalfa is one of the lugu minious plants, which draw great quantities of nitrogen from the atmos phere. The tendency will always be to increase the supply of nitrogen in Ihe soil where alfalfa is grown, while the roots will add greatly to the amount of humus in the soil, in all probability changing the texture of the soil greatly during the next few years, making it more friable. There may be spots in the valley where potash will be more abundant than is desirable, though in no spot yet tested does the growth in any de gree indicate this fact. Should such places be developed in time, it might be found desirable to grow sugar beets, mangel-wurzels or cabbages for cattle feed or other uses, supplying the soil with nitrogen from alfalfa but using no stable fertilizers, unless that from the chicken yards, as they carry too high a percentage of potash to be valuable for fertilization on such land. But this is looking into the future. For the present it is encouraging to note that every trial of the soil has been met with success, and that the Imperial valley is so situate as to be naturally provided with all the com modities which are used for the manu facture of commercial fertilizers. Horticulture at Indio Indio has been making much head way of late. It is on the same plan as Imperial, has the same soil and the same climate. Portions of that section are under irrigation from artesian wells, though it remains to be seen how great an acreage can be thus ir rigated. Though cultivation of land has but one year the start of Imperial, portions of it has been rented for $15 an acre per year, or nearly as much as the title to land and water at Imperial, the only difference being that Indio is on the railroad. This rental seems to be warrented by the great success in growing early fruits and vegetables. It is confidently expected that Imperial will have a, railroad within a year, when the same degree of success can be achieved in this section, a single crop more than paying for land and water at present prices. After experimenting with over fifty varieties of grapes at Indio for five years, George W. Durbrowis planting 110,000 of Thompsons' seedless, on 200 acres* for the manufacture of raisins. . This year Indio shipped thirty-five carloads of Rockyford cantalopes to Chicago, and next spring it is expect that 150 carloads will be shipped. There is one great danger at Indio. The land slopes d.o.wn to the Salton basin-, at, -the lower level being highly impregnated with alkali, while the higher level has excellent soil. The drainage territory which supplies the artesian belt seems ample to meet the requirements of several thousand acres* but nearly or quite 100,000 acres overlie the artesian belt. If there was but one tenth of this amount of land the prospect for Indio would be excel- Jent, but there can be little hope that all the available land can be supplied from the wells, the danger therefore being that in time the lower wells on poor land will drain the wells on the higher and better land. Bound for Imperial L,. E. Srack, who until a few weeks ago was the landlord of the Casa Pal ma hotel, will hereafter have charge of 560 acres of land at Imperial, of which he is part owner. His partner in the venture will be J. W. Smith, owner of the Casa Palma. Mr. Srack has been busily engaged for sometime getting hisoutfit together,and Tuesday morning he started from Santa Ana with four horses drawing 7200 pounds of household goods, farming imple ments, etc. Last night he arrived in Riverside and will leave today noon for his destination, where he expects to arrive in about ten days. Mrs. Srack will go with him, and the Enter prise wishes them the best of good for tune in their new home. Riverside Enterprise. Active Real Estate So far as is known, about 2000 acres of laud and water have been sold at Imperial this week up to Thursday, while the sales of Imperial valley land in other cities may add considerable to the total. There is every indication IMPERIAL PRESS ma/ \j» ||-l Coming this way? | lillMl 1 I then you are interested j§| I? £♦♦♦♦* in knowing bow to reach v | fh Imperial Settlement, I- Hew - " River Country! l«New River Country! 3filf( '■-■■■■-. - - - -< . -- . Su«Vf l| Take the 5. P. train 1 |^ to Flowing We 115.... \\ % * At this point you get first class accommodations at the MeCAUL,- 7it |^f L,EY HOUSE. G. W. McCaulley, the proprietor, runs a regular^ $ stage line from that place to Imperial, leaving Flowing Wells at $£ 5 7:30 a. m. on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, returning the follow- £ < *> ing days. • : ' '£ • 1 S Special teams and rigs are also kept in readiness for any other day, 5 m. IK and will take you to any part of the country. . * j ||^ The only direct route to the.Carriso Creek oil fields west of Flowing \ & . fiSjS Wells. This stage line is equipped with rigs and teams that are 86 x n unexcelled. . m k %Kerckboff'Cuzner f | mill & Cumber <&..... § A WHOLESALE and II IMDIZD DOORS . SASH, £j£ RETAIL DEALERS IN \mJ I VI E3 I— l-< ano^ILiP^ORK Si RETAIL DEALERS IN L.UIVILJLaI 1 « MD MILL WORK #S> ♦ ; ■ -;■.-;...•.•.'■■-■.'■:.■..,..;■■:,:,. , ■ ■#■ 3- . YARDS at •• •• ' • .- ...'....' , ' § ■ san pedro. wholesale Main Office Cor. Alameda & Macy Sts IP LOS ANGELES, Main OFFICE - POMONA. PASADENA, ■ _ _ Ai».i^s.i-i — _-» *\. m ■ &\ 2 LAMANDA. AZUSA. COVINA. LOS ANGELES, CAL. J 9 # that the activity- in Imperial lands will continue to grow, for inquiries are coming from all over the country now, most of the sales heretofore having beed made to citizens of California and Arizona, whose experience enables them to recognize a good thing of this character when they see it. Brickyard Coming There is little doubt that within two or three weeks the work of opening a brickyard in Imperial will be under way. when several buildings will fol low in rapid succession. There has been little disposition to utilize adobe in building in Imperial, and the great cost of lumber has been an obstacle to building. With brick made on the ground, it is thought there will be rapid additions to the town. A Busy Week This has been one of the busy weeks, the advance on the price of water stock on December 1 having had a tendency to bring in a great number of people. The stage has come in daily, and on several days two or three stages have been brought into requisi tion to handle the people. The sales of land and water have been particu larly heavy, as fully nine out of ten people coming in have taken land. William Green, wife and son of Anahiem, drove into the valley last Saturday and will remain for a time at least. FP. BLAKE, M. D. ■ GENERAL PRACTITIONER * Imperial, Cal. ■ ; • ■:■: Rooted Vines and Cuttings ss v _^ For IMPERIAL COUNTRY. Address Stevens & Frost, ETIWANDA, CALIFORNIA. . Take your business in the U.S. Land Office TO A. 15. DODSON, Filings, Contests, Final Proof, etc. Best of references. Terms moderate. 907 fourth St., SAN DIEGO, CAL. Do You Need Any Flumes? ; If so, let me construct the ditches* so you can irrigate better out of them than from the best flumes made. I can do it for the same money it would cost you to make ordinary land or earth ditch. If interested write to>. : l M. F. BOETTUER, Redlands, Cal. INDIO LANDS iv Riverside lIIUIU L/tlllip, county, Califor- ™^^™^—"^""— nia. Big flow- ing wells of pure, I soft water. Rich EarS' $,': Wear R.B. free water , ducing land in U. S. Unlimited mar- kets. NO COMPETITION. For sale by M. W. COTTLE & CO., 452 WJlcox Building Los Angeles. Cal.