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New Mexico Cotton
A- 1 "iiiing to a correspondent of the Denver News, who writes to a New Mexico paper, experiments made \u\> fear have fully demonstrated that cot ton ma) be' Mi< < OSSfully grown in the iveos Valley, New Mexico, by means of Irrigation. The correspondent says: "Located :'■'•'• t<> i (|| > miles westward eif the- big southern rainfall cotton belt and just south e)T the 1 great grain growing Bone, Pecos Valley soil, with an elevation of from HKW te> SOOO feet above sea level, is producing from one to one and a half bales e>f cotton per acre a return exceeding the annual average « »f the wide white-boiled plan tations of Louisiana, Mississippi and i ..e Texan 'Black Lands." ■■The Irrigated cotton pickings of the Carlsbad vicinity will cover about (me- hundred and fifty acre's, the plant itsrir being of sturdy and spreading growth and the- fleecy product of loi.g lint and tine fiber, while the freedom of the cotton from rainfall or dht stains gives it a rare- cleanliness. "IVeos Valley COtton culture on a scale' commensurate with its natural resources means heavy shipment of law cotton and eottem cloth; the erec tion of cotton gins, cotton mills, cot ton compressors and cotton seed oil plants and the employment of new labor. "At 1 1 141 4 - old Spanish mission of the Menardvllle, Tex., vicinity, cotton was canal irrigated In the seventeenth cen tury* and the same method is in use there now with S return of two bales per acre, The Menardville irrigation, however, is limited from natural CdUSM tO the- water derived from a seven mile canal and is cited here merely to Illustrate' the great eottem return possible to the 1 PeCOS Valley, witli Its immense ami fertile' expanse and copious canal supply." Heads to the North. A Bleeping car porter in giving his experience with passengers who had peculiarities, among other Instances, rel .tcei the following: "Another tunny thing i.s the predl kfOtlOD initny people huvn for sleep iiK witii their headi in ■ certain dfrec (lon. i remember particularly weii what a time I bad with one woman traveling over th<> Northern Pacific from St. Paul tO Helena. After that road passes into North Dakota It runs almost due west. Naturally the heitlis extend from east to west. This woman COUld only sleep witli her head to Hie noil h. " I must Bleep with my head ti> the north,' she' Bald, 'and that us ail there is to it. 1 have been ill and am wtill Weak, and I must haye 1 my sleep, Unit I cannot DOSSlbly lie down with my head te> the- east, wesi or south. My head is like the' magnetic needle. It always points to the north, if. by any chance', it gets screwed arouml in un\ other direction, I Cannot rest. You must make' my bed as 1 direct you." "i tried to be diplomatic. i pointed out to the> woman how absolutely Im practicable it was to Improvise a couch that wenilel block up the 1 aisle for the rest of tbe> passengers, but she wouldn't listen te) my explanation. " 'You arc 1 not here to argue, but to obey,' she' Bald. Make 1 my bed with the 1 head to the 1 north, please." "i reported the difficulty to the oon eiucte>rs aiui luakciue'ii, and we< finally made 1 a bunk for her oni in a little ante room at the 1 rear end of the- rear coach." What a time that lady ami the por ter WOUld have in going e>\eM" the Tehuchapi Mountains around the loop. Horace Greeley on Irrigation. Horace Ciiecly once wrote 1 a book on "What 1 Know About Fanning." A. .i. Pillsbury has recently discovered a COpy of that hook and these 1 extracts are thoughts from the 1 great editor on the> great irrigation question of to day. Qreeley said: "Irrigation, everywhere practicable, is destined to be 1 generally adopted and tei prove signally profitable I de> not mean that every acre this oho eastern) side of the Misseuiri RUer will e've-r tints be supplied with water, but that some" acres of every township, and of nearly e'Ve-r> farm, slumlel and will be. • • • • The plains of the West will in time give 1 lessons that even the 1 well watered and verdurous Baft may read with profit Such level IMPERIAL PRESS and thirsty days as largely border Lake Champlain, for example, tiav- Sreed by streams from mountain ranges on either hand, will not always in' owned and cultivated by men in sensible- to the- profit of irrigation. Nor BilCh rich valleys as those of the Con necticut, the Kentucky and Busque hanna be left to suffer year after year from drouth while' the- water which should refresh them runs idly and uselessly by. Agriculture repels Innovation ami loves the beaten track. but such lessons as New England has received in tin- great drouth of 1870 will not always in- given ami endured in vain." Sugar Cane Feed. Here is a paragraph taken from the Tulare Register, which may be worth considerable money te> dairymen: "John Bttees has a crop of sugar • •tie that is calculated to make the human eyes stick out. It was put in with a drill the> fust of June and irri gated at once. It has grown nearly as thick as hair on the back of a yel low dog and ten to sixteen feet high, ami some' of the stalks are as big as one's wrist. He had a curiosity to know how much of that sort of cow feed there was to the! acre, and so cut up a BQUare rod of the stuff and drove on to the scales and weighed it. de ducting, of course, the weight of the wagon. The load, green and just from the 1 Held, weighed lISO pounds, for what grew on one 1 square rod. As there are L6O rods to an acre the yield is at the rate- of !»4 2T> tons per acre. HYDRAULIC DRBDGB 08KD IN HKMOVINi; sii.t IUOM tuk BOTTOM or THK CANAL AM) IN PUTCBK is TO UK I'SHD in KKKi-im; ci kan tuk BBTTLINQ BASIN. Lots of Cards. 'People would be surprised to know how man) packs of cards are used annually in tins country," said the representative of a large card manu facturing hoi.se yesterday. •During the past year more than 1.2,000,000 packs were sold in the United States alone. There were made in thirty -the factories, fourteen of which are lo cated in New York. London is also a great card manufacturing center, and the rivalry between it and New \ oik is very close. It is estimated that 4,000,000 packs are pn duced in the Bnglish capital annually, and New York is a Close second with 3,850,000 packs. American cards arc 1 acknowledged to ho the 1 handsomest made in the world, and the manufacturers here were the first to Introduce the round cornered style. Qreat Improvements arc made in the cards of this country year by year, while those produced in the lar ger cities of Europe appear to be about the 1 same as those manufac tured at the beginning of the last cen tury." Atlanta Constitution. Now It's "Hay Lozenge." Army horses in the Philippines and in South Africa, thanks to the inven tion ot an ingenious Yankee, are now enjoying the form, if not the sub stance of a kind of confectionery. It is known as a "hay lozenge." and owes its existence to the necessity of pro viding easy transportation for food in a country where the roads are bad. Hay in bales cannot be carried on horseback, for reasons that need not be mentioned, but the hay lozenge may readily be carried. To make the lozenge', hay is compressed by machin ery into disks from twelve' to eighteen inches in diameter, and two Inches in thickness. The disks are packed in rolls just as candy lozenges are and are hung from the horse's back in slings, one sling on each side. A sin gle disk. When cut open and loosened, make-s a "gooel square meal" for a horse or a mule. — Chicago Journal. Indio Cantaloupes. Chicago Packer: The following tel egram from Indio, Cal., has been re ceived by H. Woocis: "By unanimous consent melon growers at a meeting today you will have a contract on Eastern ship nie-nts. A Scarborough, president." This closes for Mr. Woods all of his contracts for the cantaloupe output next season. He has just returned from California, and on his way out he close'el all of the- Rocky Ford asso ciations, viz., ihe Kouns-Party at Rocky Ford; the New dale Party, La Junta and Los Animos. These are the associations which were with Mr. Woods last year. On his trip Mr. Woods also went to Mexico, where he had such tine melons a year ago, and cleise'd his contracts with the growers there. From Mexico he went to Phoe nix, Ariz., and there he closed a con tract with the Phoenix growers for the melons next season. It was the Phoenix people who pulled away from Mr. Woods last season and lost money, the consignee of the goods be ing forced to give Mr. Woods the melons when they got to Chicago for disposition. They now say Mr. Woods can have the contract at the same terms he had it two years ago. The conn acts in Rocky Ford, Mexico and California were all closed on the same terms aq those of a year ago. Mr. Woods states he was Burprised to lind what a tremendous boom the cantaloupes had given Indio. Mr. Woods was a pioneer in developing this trade and as Indio is a valley below the level of the sea. very sandy and warm, it was quite an experiment to open this territory. Last year there were twemy-two arivs of cantaloupes shipped out of thai valley, for which the growers got very good money. A year ago land in that Bection was worth $I.LT> an acre. Such an impetus lias the melon growing Riven real es tate that the land which last year sold for $L2f> per acre cannot now be purchased for less than $00. and in some instances as high as $100 has been paid for some choice ground. No Bection, not even the mining sections in California, have seen any such boom as this in so short a time. The famous oil land of Texas did not jump up as rapidly as this. Last year ai Indio there were only twenty two growers and no perma nent association was formed. When Mr. Woods was recently on the ground the association had not been incorporated, although there were seventy-five growers. Since he' left the- incorporation has been made' and lue acreage this year w,., be at least 500 as against 200 a year ago. The estimate as made up b> the growers is that there will be' i:»it ears of mel ons to move from indio. on every farm artesian wells have been drilled for irrigating purposes until the re are now fully 1000 wells in that valley. some farms having as many as six. mowers at indio have arranged to import 800 Japanese to pick the melons next season. The tempera ture ranges up to 120 degrees in the sun and a white 1 man cannot stand to stoop all day and pick melons. As Chinese 1 cannot be Imported, resort ..as been niaeie to the Japanese, and 300 are now under contract to go to Indio and learn the melon business. The success of Mr. Woods in secur ing this contract is admirable. When he got to the field Ruddock & Trench. Southern California Fruit Exchange, Simpson & Hack of Los Angeles, M. o. Coggins & Co. of Pittsburg ana Bveletb tfc Nash of San Francisco were all competing for the business. Mr. Woods does not know who secured the 1 Western cantaloupes, but thinks Ruddock & Trench were the suc cessful bidders. These cantaloupes come in so much earlier than any others that they bring fine prices, and last year they were by odds the best Savored of any which grew. Next to the Indio melons in flavor last year were the Mexicans, which secured great favor in restaurants and hotels. These were shipped last year in Hats, fifteen to the crate. This year they will be shipped in standard crates the same as Rocky Fords. Fully 200 ears will be grown in the Mexican territory as against fifty last year. When asked as to what net prices he made last season Mr. Wood said that his melons sold for 75 cents a crate, and that every association was highly pleased with his returns. This is evident from the fact they signed a contract with him again for the next season's output. With all of these places to handle his fruit, Mr. WoodV. total cantaloupe deal next season is likely to run to 550 cars. Plowing By Steam. Thomas Kerr reports having 2300 acres seeded and plowed to date, with the big Barney engine, on the Ken ranch near Riverside, which is now (arrying fifty-five shears on its gangs, having increased from ■!;? shears up since they began. They are now plowing 1") acres an hour, or 125 acres a .'.ay. It would take 100 head of horses to do the work the engine does, ;>.s it handles one ten-gang, three nine-gangs and three six-gangs — ordinary gang plows hitched to an evener. Their big barley field is all up. and as green as an onion bed. and their wheat is nicely peeping through. — Pomona Review. There is an average of five postage stamps used every month, by every man. woman and child in the United States.