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Imperial press and farmer. (Imperial, San Diego County, Cal.) 1901-1903, December 28, 1901, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92070142/1901-12-28/ed-1/seq-5/

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WHICH HAS BEEN THE GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT?
REVIEW OF THE STATE'S INDUSTRIES DURING THE
PAST YEAR
COMMERCa POPULATION, MANU>
FACTURINC. HORTICULTURE, AGRI>
CULTURE. MINING. PETROLEUM
PRODUCTION -IMPERIAL'S PLACE
IN THE YEAR'S AFFAIRS
No one could, in thcnc cloning day*
of the second year of the new century,
outline even briefly (he great achieve
ment* of the American people during
the la»t twelve mouths, without con*
miming a go*. it deal of newspaper
•pace*
111 national affair*, however, in re*
viewing the work of 1901, we cannot
fail to note the horrible butchery of
President McKinley, with the far*
reaching influence of the rise to the
presidency of Theodore Roosevelt,
bringing into national politic* a
broader recognition of the needs of the
West than hail In-fore existed. One
must by the force of circumstances
note the continued activity toward
the centralization of capital, and can
afford to wonder for a moment at the
significance of the practical collapse
of a few of the trusts through inability
to control small producers.
Hut sufficent for our purpose today
in it take a glance at the achievements
of California, and the fact can well be
noted that no small section holds a
ntouoply of the State** resources*.
There in a diversity of industries and
of products which makes of California
the greatest State in the Nation, and
no fact better illustrates the growth
of California during the last fifty
years than the lynching of }>ctty
thieves by a mob in Modoc county,
and the refusal of the people of that
county to convict the murderer*. By
thin token we know that in that far
northeastern county there remains a
reign of lawlessness which is unworthy
of the State, but which is illustrative
of a time when there were many Mich
r i* treats in the State.
From the scmi*ciyilizaliou of Modoc
county, there is a wide reach to the
communities of the state possessing
as advanced industries and an ad*
vauced civilization as any portion of
the world. Modoc county contain* the
one remnant of the epoc of chaos.
Two Great Cities
More than ever before, California
ha* two separate industrial and social
organisms, San Francisco and I«o»
AngclcH each being the heart of an
important organism working to build
up its section of the great State. To a
degree this has been the Cane for
some years, but during the year that
ban lapsed the opening of the Coast
tine of the Southern Pacific has tended
to greatly extend the trade of the
southern city, the dividing point be*
twecu the influence of I.os Angeles
and of San Francisco now being about
midway between the two towns, where
before the dividing line gave San
Francisco more than two-third* of the
Coast line between the cities.
Another event of vast importance to
I -os Angeles has been the change made
iii relative rates into the San Joaquin
valley from Los Angeles and San
Francisco.
The differential* have heretofore
been greatly in favor of San Krin
ciftco, but a change has been inlde
which leaves San Francisco but slight
advantage, and Los Angeles whole*
salei'H now have a fighting chance for
trade an far north as FrcHiio.
The beginning- of the construction
of the Salt Lake road, backed by Sen*
ator ('lark of Montana, to open a rich
and heretofore neglected pottioti of
the Southwest, Is doing much to pro*
mote the welfare of !.«»«* Angeles,
and the fact that 11. IC. Iluutington
has formed an alliance with I. W.
llellinau for building a great network
of electric roads reaching from Ix>s
Angeles in all directions for twenty
or thirty miles is still further Htiin
itiating industry there. And yet these
arc not the only railroad projects which
arc working for the benefit of the
Southern metropolis.
One of the factors of greater im
portance in the promotion of industrial
life of Los Angeles is the fact that
during the last decade it made a
greater growth percentage than any
other American city above £0,000 in
habitants. People have confidence in
the future of a town already famous
for its advance, and thousands of
people have been drawn to Lou An
geles because of the advance during
the last decade. Hut the very growth
of Lor Angeles is promoting the
growth of every other town in South*
em California, and as a result there is
a greater increase in population than
ever before, and this in turn forces a
boom in building never before equaled,
both in the city and in the smaller
towns. "X
Sao Diego's Rivalry
In speaking, of the supremacy of
Los Angeles in the industrial and conY
mercial life of Southern California,
it is due to San Diego to say that it
makes claims to rivalry of Los An
geles. Hut ho Hoou as the latter man
ifested a degree of success, it drew to
itself men who had confidence in the
town and men who were accustomed
to achieve that which they started to
do. And while Los Angeles was draw
ing that class of people, a series of
misfortunes befell San Diego, and the
people who were there lost confidence
in themselves, became utterly discour
aged, and instead of uniting; for great
works, the San Diegans came to quar
rel with themselves, and internal strife
practically ended the era of achieve
ments.
That this is to remain forever the
Condition of San Diego i.s inconceiv
able. The distance from Los Angeles
to San Diego, laid along the Atlantic
coast, would traverse a score of busy
cities. There is room for both these
cities, and while one may be greater
than the other, the petty jealousy be
tween the cities would be tin worthy of
school-children. .". .
Without undertaking to say that
San Diego will rise to full competi
tion with Los Angeles, one cannot
measure the prospects of San Diego
without recalling the fact that \he
Southern California Mountain Water
Company ttt constructing for San
Diego county lauds the most extensive
storage irrigation system in the South
west, and probably in America. The
further fact must be taken into con
sideration that the 500,000 acres of the
Imperial lands in this country lie in
San Diego county. With the county
given the greatest storage irrigation
system i for fruit orchards, and the
greatest diversion irrigation system
for general fanning, the statement
can hardly be made that the fate of
San Diego is hopeless. If the growing*
degree of prosperity is surticient to in
spire the Sail Diegans with a grain of
self-confidence, the place which San
Diego can come to occupy in the next
few years in a great one.
San Diego people are making a sur
vey for a railroad to open a gateway
through Imperial to the Kast. The
IMPERIAL PRKSS
spirit of the people of Lo* Angeles in
such if their need was as great for n
road they would get it. Han Diego
may possibly be spurred on to an
equal achievement.
Northern California
Turning to Northern California, now
limited to the territory north of San
Luis Obi spo county on the coast and of
Tularc county in the great central
valley, it is not difficult to sec that
there is a distinct improvement in the
spirit of the people, who have been
confessedly less enterprising than
those of the South. Some of the
northern cities have even gone ho far
during the Ust few months an to neud
representatives to live in Lo* Angeles,
that southern brains and southern
capital might lie interested in the
North, and these efforts have not been
without success.
The industrial life of the North was
shaken to its foundations during the
pant year by a strike which was not
only the worst ever known on the
coast, but which became famous the
world over. To what degree this up
heaval was destructive to the standing
of San Francisco as the greatest of
the coast cities it is impossible to Hay,
but that other cities, both to the north
and to the south of San Francisco were
gainers by the strike seems certain,
while San Francisco lost many inhab
itants.
To take the industries of the State,
and particularly those in which South
ern California us are most interested,
horticulture naturally first suggests
itself. With 54,4(0 carloads- of fruit
and vegetables shipped from the state
in a single year, it is evident that the
part California has come to play in the
markets of the country in of vast im
portance. By far the greatest branch
of California's horticultural activity is
the production of citrus fruits, oranges
and lemons haviug'each run far ahead
of any previous year's record, making
a combined total of approximately
24,000 carloads. With oranges espec
ially it is evident that California, with
what fruit is grown in Florida, is now
capable of meeting all the require
ments of the United States/while the
trees now growing will make import
ant additions to the output in the
next few years. Prices realized for
the fruit have paid a fair profit to most
growers under favorable conditions;
but it is evident that henceforth there
must be a closer study of economics in
producing and marketing citrus fruits,
leading to co-operation between all
factors in producing, transporting and
marketing the fruit.
Surplus production of raisins, and
more particularly of prunes, dur
ing the past few years has led to con
siderable discussion and some hard
feelings in the sections of Northern
California where they are most exten
sively produced.
Peaches, apricots, pears and other
common varieties of fruit, have devel
oped nothing sensational during the
past year, but olives have come for
ward with one of their surprises, the
yield being vastly greater than ever
before known in California, the pro*
ductiou being so great as to embarrass
those handling' the fruit. This is in
spite of the fact that after much dis
couragement, hundred a of acres of old
orchards have been dug up and other
crops planted.
The ca prilled tig has been making
great strides of late, and probably this
fruit, grown for the first time commer
cially in the United States two years
ago, will be the next one to advance to
great proportions, followed by the
date a few years later.
Horticulture
General Agriculture,
In the field of general agriculture
the past year has been one very satis
factory on the whole. It is true thnt
in the southern third of the state we
have not yet gotten back to the darn
of bi^ grain crops which prevailed in
the years preceding the three yearn*
drought, for the reason that, though
the annual rainfall has improved of
late somewhat, it is but about to the
average, and one of the good old wet
winters we read about in needed. The
price of wheat is not encouraging, and
wheat growing can not be said to be
particularly booming-. Barley has*
been considerably better in price, but
an bad as wheat in yield.
Stock raising has been conducted
with unusual profit during the past
year wherever there is pasturage, and
growers of cattle feed and stockraiscrit
have each had a most prosperous
season.
Sugar beets, while having been
abandoned on a large portion of the
Chiuo and Orange county lands where
previously grown, have in the sum
total made remarkable gain, the most
profitable section of Southern Califor
nia for beet growing thuif far' demon
strated being the rich alluvial deposits
of the Ventura county coast plain; the
great factory at Oxuard having in
creased its output and lengthened its
season, while success has been achieved
in irrigating beets. This was thought
to be impossible a few years ago with
out destroying the sugar value of the
crop.
Beans have succeeded this year be
yond any recent season, and the good
prices have brough large profits to the
producers. •■-
Mining Industry
There has been a very general re
sumption of activity in mining through
California and by Californiaus
through adjoining states and territor
ies. The greatest activity in gold
mining has been in Trinity and -sev
eral other counties in Northern '"Cali
fornia, though the most important
step taken in gold mining has pro
bably been that in the Picacho mine,
on the Colorado river, some sixty
miles east of Imperial, where prepara
tions arc being made to work a vast
body of low grade ore on a great scale.
Copper mining, in California, has
centered principally in the extreme
north, though in the southeast, bn the
Mojave desert, and along the Colorado
river, considerable progress has been
made in developing prospects. In
Arizona there has been great activity
in mining, but the recent slump in cop
per must have* somewhat of a depress
ing influence. The great silver mines
of California are still mainly idle,
with no prospect for an early resump
tion of work. A rapid rise in the price
of quicksilver has greatly stimulated
that branch of mining and San Luis
Obispo county in particular is making
great gain in output.
Petroleum Production
The petroleum industry throughout
the State is in a badly demoralized con
dition, but with natural forces at work
which are expected to restore a balance
between production and demand in the
course of time. There is no immedi
ate prospect for an improvement in the
market, though consumption has great
ly increased during the year. There
has been a gradual extension of the
various oil fields, and one new Held,
that in the Santa Maria valley, north
ern Santa Barbara county, has been
discovered. Wildcatting continues
in some thirty counties in the State, as
has been the case for two years, but in
that time the one new field mentioned
is the only addition to California's list
of producing oil fields.
Several efforts to create marketing
agencies for handling oil on a cooper-
l 'on tinned on page 8
5

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