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No Wright Irrigation District.
There having been no rumors circu lated to the effect that the Imperial Settlements were to be incorporated ruder one or more irrigation dis trletfl under the Wright Law. we are authorized to ttatC that no such step is contemplated by the Imperial Bys tern management or by the people holding land under that system, it was suggested to the management that such a change might be advantageous to all parties concerned, hut the adop tion of such a plan has never been - eriously considered. There are a great many good features about the Wright Law, but there are also many weak points— One of the weakest of which :s the fact that public sentiment is so Strongly set against the law. that any attempt to adopt a district plan in any locality would have to face a very j strong opposition regardless of the merits of such opposition. The management Of the California Development Company carefully stud led the best methods of managing a water system under the laws of Cali fornia, and having had experience un der those laws, they adopted the plan best suited to the needs of the peo ple, and have had no occasion to con sider any change of those plans. The success of the enterprise up to date is a sufficient endorsement of those plans, and the wisdom of the management in adopting them. Filing on the Colorado River. Since the California Development Company filed on 500,000 inches of water two years ago to irrigate 800,000 acres of land, various other filings on ;; large scale have been made. Nestor A. Young and others filed on 500.000 inches of water at a point of rocks a few miles north of the county line between Riverside and San Diegc counties for the purpose of ir rigating about 120,000 acres of public land and probably about 40,000 acres of the Blythe estate. A few days ago F. M. Riley filed on 1,000,000 inches of water a few miles below the other filing for the purpose of filling a canal forty feet wide on the bottom and irrigating a few thousand acres of land in one of the valleys bordering in the river. Next comes C. H. McPhauJ, of Yuma. v.ho files on 200.00(1 inches for the pur pose of irrigating the Yuma Indian Reservation, running his canal in a southwesterly direction from point of diversion to a point two miles north of Pilot Knob on the Southern Pacific railroad and thence westerly a distance of 25 miles. At least this is the state ment published, although how a canal it- to be run that distance in that country is a mystery, but it is a greater mystery to know what they purpose to do with the water when it gets to the end of that canal. There is no law against a man fil ing on any quantity of water, whether it is in the stream or not. In this case the water is in the stream. But a per &on gains no right to water that his canal cannot carry. A million inches of water to irrigate 25,000 acres of land is a burlesque, but it doesn't nurt anyone. The success of the Imperial Canal Settlement and irrigation system has started people after the water and land in sight along the Colorado River. Named After Geo. A. "Carter River" is the name given to a stream on the desert(?) at Imperial, presumably in honor of Geo. A. Carter, who is with teams and large ditching machines making new rivers out that way. Pomona Times. What can be Done by Irrigation. A special dispatch from Washington recently sets forth some facts about national and private Irrigation that are very interesting. It says: Charles D. Wolcott, director of the geological survey, has sent Senator Hansbrough. for uae by the Senate public lands committee in its con sideration tomorrow of the Irrigation bill, a detailed statement of facts and figures showing the arid land acre age, cost of reclamation, value per acre of reclaimed land, population it will sustain, etc. This statement will be submitted as part of the com mittee's report in favor of the passage of the bill. It forms the most con vincing argument for irrigation yet made and comes with all the force of a great scientific government bureau which has investigated irrigation with special reference to the proposed legislation. The following statements ars sum marized from Director Wolcotfs report : From 60,000,000 to 100,000.000 acres of arid land are available for irriga tion, but it will not be necessary for the government to reclaim it all. If the government would build the great dams and divert large rivers, individual enterprises would be able to put water on the greater part of this land. It is estimated that if the govern ment conserves water for 20.000.000 acres, which Woleott thinks is a fair proportion, individuals would obtain water for the remainder. Water conservation costs from $5 to $2f> per acre, depending on natural difficulties to be overcome. Twenty five dollars would be prohibitive in Montana, where only alfalfa is grown, but would be very reasonable in Ari zona, where high grade products are raised. The cost to irrigate 20.000.000 acres, I the government's share, would he $15! an acre, but ultimately the land would i lu> worth three times that figure. Vacant public land now amounts to 6. 0.000.000 acres. Land now irrigated, chiefly in Col orado and California, comprises 6.500. 000 acres. The water supply of the country is sufficient for the conservation of about 100.000.000 acres. Should the govern ment reclaim 20,000,000 acres, private individuals could at once reclaim 20, 000,000 acres more, making 40,000,000 acres the total. Probable expense to the govern ment during thirty-eight years for 20, oiio.ooo acres at $15 an acre. $:?00.00t>, 000. Probable expense to individuals for 20.000.000 acres at $80 per acre, $(>OO, 000,000. Population made possible in forty years as a result of irrigation. 30, 000.000. Value of land brought under settle ment, excluding buildings, cattle, etc., •.w, 000,000 acres at $50 per acre in forty years, $2,000,000,000. Director Wolcott. after making the statements just quoted, referred to several of the more important pro posed irrigation projects in dottiil, notably those in California. Nevada, Arizona and Montana. It is a significant fact that the gov ernment estimate for the reclamation of land is $15 an acre, whereas on the Colorado D lta it is being done by private enterprise for a less sum per acre. It is true that under the Imperial Canal System there is an annual pay ment, but so there must lie under the government system, for under such a system the man who uses water for irrigation purposes must pay the expense's for keeping up such a sys tem. What that would be no one. in advance can say. Under the Imperial System there is an annual rate flxefl that i s supposed to be high enough to cover all expenses and pay for the risk of extraordinary expenses and pay also interest on the investment. This government estimate of the ir rigated land fixtvs t li « ■ price at $.",() an acre. That price will vary with local ity and climatic conditions. It is low in any event. It is low for the country where only three crops of alfalfa are IMPERIAL PRKSS harvested in a rear What will it bo while double that amount can be har vest ed ! And still, the man who takes the government land under the Imperial System and purchases a water right stx-ures his property fur less than onv quarter its real vahm. Hut the estimate on the population is a very important and interesting item. The government expert sa>s that 40,000,000 acres of Irrigated land will support 30,000,000 people. If so. then the 500.000 acres under the Imperial Canal System north of the boundary line will support fully 400,000 popula tion— more people than theiv are- today in this State south of Tehaehapi Pass. With such a population, what kind of a city will Imperial be in the next few years, and how much per front foot will its choice business property b»> worth? Again, if the land is worth $50 an acre after "t is reclaimed, taking the average of such reclaimed land, then the land in the Imperial Settlement will be worth $100 an acre or a total of $50,000,000, to say nothing of as much more of a valuation of the city and town property in the settlement, railroads, personal property, etc. Harmony Among the People. The Imperial Press, published at Im perial. San Diego count} is doing won derful work in that section in setting forth the advantage derived from its ■plendid irrigation system. It Is buc cesstu] beyond a doubt, and that sue cess is attributable to a spirit referred to in an item of news published, as follows: "If there is one feature of life which stands above all others in the Imperial Valley it is the harmony with which the people are working toward n com mon end."—^anta Clara News. Yes. the people of Imperial appear to ItpeU Harmony with a cap. H. For Homeseekers' or Settlers Rates Write or ask Any Agent of the Southern Pacific Finest, Fastest Trains Best Equipment In the World Plenty of Fish. The Imperial Press reports that the water which comes into the Imperial canal, from the Colorado River is alive with carp. Colorado salmon and other fish, which range up to two or three fret in kngth. The fish do not take kindly to bait, but are caught in dip nets. Riverside Proas. If the eyes were really the windows of the soul some men would have to wear opaque spectacles all the time. Imperial Telephone Company A. O. WALIN. n«n*irer Offices at IMPERIAL CALEXDCO FLOWHNQWELL IRIS riESSAOES SENT TO OR RECEIVED PROri ANY PART OP THE WORLD Telephones For Rent 3