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laboratoo farming. rn<l« r the above heading tho llhcr nide Kntrrprlco puMluhe* the follow ing editorial regarding alkali land* in lm prfial and the experts' soil report :«!•. t Impcrin) land* In particular: The report of a government chemist on the jfcoil of Imperial has occasioned rather more excitement, it norm* to Ihn Enterprise, than the matter war rants. The position of IYofe**or Milton Whitney, mho made the re port, a* chief of the bureau of mills of the government agricultural do* paiimcnt. must Rive weight to his statement; still we of Southern Cal ifornia are a practical people, and we have learned to count more upon remits than upon the laboratory farming of any scientist, no matter how eminent. Mom Of the land of Southern Cali fornia now under cultivation, waa originally desert land and a pood portion of It more or less alkaline: still the returns from the land hero obtained challenge comparison with ihOM Of any other pan Of the t*nlted Stale*. A former member of the Imperial I-and Company In replying to the re port of Professor Whitney makes some statement*, the force of wrhlch will be recognlted by the people who have grown up and grown rich in this dc*crt country and "who know." ■"There is some foundation, in fact." he says, "for the statements made by the government expert as to the presence of alkali. As a rule, desert lands everywhere have more or less of the constituent elements of alkali in their structure, and this fact ac counts for their great fertility as com pared with lands In the eastern or middle portion of our continent. 'A large number of samples accord ins to approved methods have been analysed and found to contain chlor ide of sodium, carbonates, sulphates acd pbosphate-s In varying propor tions, and in some instances beyond the tolerance of most desirable cul tures. At the same time, a majority of the samples indicated soil of sur passing; fertility, adapted to the growth of wheat and the farm prod ucts, both desirable and profitable. This, together with practical tests on this and other similar lands, leads me to conclude that at least 75 per cent of the land under consideration is desirable and will in a few years be much sought after." Then follows a statement which is really the pith of the whole thing. "I will undertake." he says, "to earn as many steers on IGO acres of land In ihe Imperial country as our expert can carry on 4 SO acres of land In Ill inois, and he may make his selection with bis <?ycs wide open and I will Feleet my land blindfolded. The San Joaquin Valley of this State, the Salt River Valley of Arizona, and the Pecos Valley of New Mexico would never have b*N?n settled and culti vated If expert opinions of this class bad first been sought-" The- adaptability of the Imperial soil to different crops will have to be demonstrated by practical experi ments, a*, indwd. has been the rule with every colony in Southrn Cali fornia, but it i» tenderfoot nonsense to declare that the land is worthless for all agricultural purpose*. Sor ghum fifteen feet high gives such statements the lie. Again. It should be borne in mind that no claims have txfn made for the Imperial country as a horticul tural Ruction. If it were orange land It would l>e worth from three to five hundred dollars an acre Instead of $1.25 an acre from th** government. Indeed, the promoters of the enter* prise bare urged the planting at first only of Fueb crops as barley, wheat, corn, eorgbum. and Kaffir corn, with experiments In fruit raining only after a while and then on a small urale. So far as experiment* havr? been made, the reports Indicate that tho claims for the country have been more than borne out by the results. Some kuch setback as that which liaH b«-*?n given the Imperial settle ment by the- report of Professor Whit ney has been tbo experience of every new settlement In California. Ploneer hip Is never smooth sailing. Tho desert la never won to civilization without strong hearts and determina tion. The Riverside Valley wouM yet have been the abode of coyotes And Jack rabbit* had the flrnt urttlom been men \o be frightened away by lU< h i.tt !»• unpleasantnrssen a.* ad teftQ reports by lnlx>ratory'Wl*«o farmer*. The people nho hate settled In Imperial are not the kldglo\«d kind. They bITC gone ther«» to grow things, and If things grow, that settles It. and it I* a matter »'f small Importance what Profewuir Whitney conclude! from nn analysis of the soil. Us Angclts or San DicQt — Which ? The National City Record, calling at tention to tho Importance of railroad building to •ocure Imperial trade to San Diego, nay*: Tho report from l.os Angelc* that the Southern Pacific Railroad l» con templating the building of a »pur frota lt« main line to tho Imperial country, so as to permanently iCCUTti for thnt town the trade she now en- Joys* there, should be nn Incentive for the people of the bay region to hasten Ihelr effort! to build the San Dlcgo and Eastern Railroad. It Is natural that Los Angeles business men should dt**ir»* to monopollxo the trade of Imperial and adjoining country. That section of our county is destined, in the near future, to prove its most desirable portion. Kvi»n now an Immense trade Is being cai rled on. and the whole of it i» done by Ixjs Angeles merchants who have the advantage of easier means of communication at their hands. The San Diego and Eastern Kail road is the only thing that will place our mechants on an equal plain- with their 1.08 Angeles competitors and secure for them the trade of our own back country. The greater a foothold is obtained by Los Angieles people, the larder it will oe to displace them, and no time should be lost In bending all our energies to the building and com pletion of this railroad, without which San Diego must ever remain a pleas ant enough place for tourists, but a dull town for business men. Egyptian Cotton. The Prescott Journal Miner says: "Tests made at the government sta tlons in the Salt River Valley have demonstrated to the satisfaction of the l>epartment of Agriculture that Egyptian cotton can be successfully and perhaps profitably raised In the Southwest. Officials at the govern ment experimental farms and land owners In that portion of the country are enthusiastic over the outlook for the introduction of the cotton indus try. •*I«ast spring at the government ; stations near Phoenix, nearly an acre was planted to Egyptian seed, and a planting of the same size was made \ on the great Chandler tract in the j eastern and highet part of the val- i ley. Tho crop has been gathered, and referring to samples sent to the Sec retary of Agriculture, a reply has been received by Director McClatchle. In \ charge of the experiments, that the cotton was the finest ever seen In the department, and that the yield, ac cording to Professor McClatchle's fig ures, was better than that of the average Egyptian cotton in its native soil. "Several times in recent years at tempt* have been made to raise the cotton of the Southern States in Ari zona, but without sufficient success to encourage heavy growing. At the fame time, in Texas. Mississippi, and Alabama, growers have failed In at tempts to raise Egyptian cotton, a condition due. doubtless, to an excess of moisture, which is so necessary to the native American cotton. In many respects the valleys of Soutttern Ari zona. New Mexico, and of Old Mexico are similar to the valley of the Nile. Tho poll Is almost Identical, there Is little difference In climate, and irri gation is as necessary as In Egypt. "The experimental crop was raised at small expense of time and labor, and apparently the only way of mak ing cotton a staple crop In the South west will be the labor question at picking time." Thero Is no doubt but that KgypUnn cotton will soon bcrome one of the staple crops — as well as very profit able crops— of the Imperial Settle ment Because a man does butilnexH next door to a bank Is no sign he under* stands the financial question. IMI'KKIAI, TRUSS Valor, of Irrioatrd land. The following. In rrunnl to tho pfjco of agricultural land mound ('nrlfthail. .New Mexico. I* from the Now Yonr'n I edition of the Amafllto Uto Stock Champion: "«ioo,| lanctfl and n perpetual* wnter tißht can be purchased »t from $;'<» to $2C» per nerd aceordlnu lo tho «ii* tanco flora town. The annual water r« nt t* ll.nr> per aero. In pun hunlng land at UlCh prices the settlor haw the AStUraneO that Within the next ten >enr« every ttCfC of Innd purchased will »ell for $100 per ncre. We ponl lively know thnt land located within ono hundred miles, nntl no better than tho land around Carlsbad, with n pet petunl. water right. Is selling at $100 per acre now. In the talc of the land at $100 per aero the area \- lim I ted comparatively to tho Irrigated land around CarUbad. Thero Ik a vast difference between 10.000 hcrCfl and 100.000 acres, and Carlsbad ban 100.000 ncrcß of land to offer home- Meeker.", nml thin Is the only reason why lands nround or near that town are cheap. In the Irrigated lands of the Pccoa Valley In New Mexico, wo have seen fields of celery which netted the farmer from $soo to $moo per acre; cotton yielding ono and a half bnlcx to tho acre: Kaftlr corn and nillo matxe Riving noventyflve bushels of seed to the acre: Kiigar beets hnr vesting ten tons to tho aero; mangel* wu reels which harvested nt tho rate of fifty tons to the ncre. and many other crops equally n«t good." Carlsbad l» located In the celebrated Pecos Valley that Is reported n» hav ing so much alkali thnt the Innd Is not worth much — from nn export point of view. The I.os Angeles Cultivator— a paper that is authority on a great many questions— including the raising of hogs, says: "One of the apparent Inc .ingrulms of nature Is contained In the statement that farmers at Imperial are going in for hog-raising on an extensive scale. Hut a few months ago the land there was an absolutely barren desert. Wa ter has done the revival act. Hut we would caution the Intending hog-ralser to keep nothing but black hogs ant) provide plenty of shade and water." For the benefit of the Cultivator we will just state that a few years ago Thomas Hlythe placed a lot of tine blooded hogs on his lands In Lower California, near the head of the eulf. They were afterwards abandoned and now that country is full of wild hogs that grow because they can't help it. and they Increase In numbers becau«e they are hogs. If that Is not a hog country then please give us the plans and specifications of a place that wou|d make a good hog country and you can then draw on us at sight for anything In the way of— suggestions. Tomorrow is the refuge of the In dolent. P. W. Dohiima**. C. A. l'\»\n it f. !'-. H. PaRMBLKB, I're*'t Vk«r-l'rr»*t A Mir'r. iw-cjr. Parmelee-Dohrmann Co. HOUSEHOLD GOODS Poturjr, Gla«»warr, Cutlery, Plated ware, I. imp* and Art <>ood» Hotel and Rr*taarant Suppllr* a Sji^ciatty Telephone Main 109 232-234 South Spring Street Los Angeles, California FARMERS AND MERCHANTS BANK Oldest aod Largest Bank In Southern California f flniffll SKflft fIOO 00 OFFICBRB^DIRECTPRSi tdpiUU *pjUUfUUw.UU I. \V. Hellman, I'rmidriit; It. W. Hellman, Vic«--I'r»«iilrni: J. A. <ir.itm. Srcnad Vice- Curnllio 4*l finn nnn /in '•"•• l<lrn <; Charlr»Brylrr, Cafthier; O. Hcl- oUrPlUS 3)1 .UUU.UUU.OO n.an.A..LtantCa.l,|*r. r " ' W. 11. Perry. J. F. PrancU. J. A. Ora*e«. I. \\ \L dur» r-i\r>. /\/\/\ W. Hetlman. Jr., C. K. Thorn, O. W. Chllda. Deposits $5,500,000.00 k.")t7,".°.?.r?;m"i^!' llm " iI - w "' 1 ' i "" < I>ra(tt* and Ix-ttcrfl of Credit liauod and Telegraphic and Cnblo Transfers Made to All Partttof tho World. Special Safety Deposit Department and Storage Vaults. ■ •.-■'...-■■■ 1 :■■■■■■-.■■ Hog Raisino. S. I. Imperial Branch. The Hrtii Dlfgo Trlbuno thus refer* to reports regarding tho building of a branch lino from tho Southern Pa cific Itnllroad to CatellcO via Imper ial: Tho report cornea from Imperial that railroad matters are tho subject of eoii fldetaldo dim uitrtlon in that ne< tlun Jtmt nt ; i. .nt. owing partially to tho fait thnl Aftftistnnt Ocneral Kuperlntoiident Mulr. AsslNtnnt (lencral Kreight and las .. iv« r Agent Parkyrns and Assist not Chief ICnglnoer Swnyne of tho Southern Pacific Uallroad have ro t-ently visited that county on a tour of inspection, with the purpose, tit* It In reported, of preparing data regurd- Ing the advisability of that road build lug a branch lino to Cnloxlco. This project. If carried to consumma tion would provide the New Rlvor COUQtry with a line of railroad trans portation which would traverse Its en tire length from north to south. The proposed vlnlt of these otllcialM hnd boon announced some weeks l»e foro hand .and It Ih believed even by conservative residents that the vlail Is Hlguillcant In the promise of prac tical results. In the meantime It Is stated that Im perial people and those living In tho newly-Irrigated district arc watch lug with Interest the progress that Is being made with tho San Diego and Kastern survey. The route which may be se lected through tho New River Valley Is of course n matter of conjecture, but the hope Ih freely expressed, that It will take such direction as will Insure It ea»y access to the main distributing points of the section such as Imperial and Calexlco. To accomplish thlß. espe cially with regard to Imperial, tl Is staled that the line would have to be run a couple of miles farther than would otherwise be the cnae. It is mild to be the opinion of tsome of thotio who nro most familiar with the situation, that the managers of tho San Diego and Kan tern will find it «u!!l clently nrivnntngeous to take tho rond through tho heart of the Irrigated sec tion, and that ultimately a junction may be effected with tho branch road which It Is presumed will result from the Investigation of the railroad offi cials who have recently boon looking over the ground. All of Central and Northern Cali fornia are sending their representatives to Los Angeles to meet Kastern people. Instead of sending them to Han Fran cisco. Southern California Is tho Mecca for tourists to the Pacific Coast, and other rortions of California must come here to meet them. Too many people measure « man's success by what he gains instead of by what he deserves. "That's all In your rye." remarked the policeman when the Inebriate started to tell a long story. A great many people who are never ! late at the theatre have to be notified by bell that It is time for church.