F i£« DESERT T J GARDEN 22 WORTHLESSNESS WEALTH
AS ILLUSTRATED IN THE IMPERIAL SETTLEMENTS
Do You Want a Good Cheap and
Profitable Home ?
•■■ >\< 1.1 i>i:i > PROM LAST \\ i:i:k
Cost of Water Rights.
The Stock of these mutual water companies is
held at the same price in all of the companies.
This price has been gradually advanced as the set
tlemeni has grOWtt, the present pries being -May
I, 1902 $15.00 per share. 'I nis price is subject
to further advance without notice. This price
pays for the cost of the distributing s.VHtem of
canals atid for the right to perpetually receive an
abundant supply of water at a given, fixed, res
Cost of Water.
Tkl <<>st price paid liy t h<- Mutual Water Coni
puny for Itl supply of water delivered to its Hys
tein as ordered Is fixed by contract nt fifty cents
per acre foot, or two cents per inch for twtMity
four hours' flow. This Is the cost to the itOCk;
holders, to which is added the cost of distributing
tlie water and Keeping up the system of canals
and the expense of inananiiiK the Mutual Water
Company, which OUfht not to <\< .< d
twenty live cents per acre each year
It is believed that alfalfa, which re
quires more water than any other
Crop, will not need more than three
acre feet of water t(i each acre of
land. This will cost the ranch owner
about $I.7T> per acre $1.80 per acre
being the fixed charge, and the 26
cents per acre being the cost of man
agentant and distribution.
This is believed to he the cheapest
water in the United States where an
abundant supply of water is furnished
at all seasons of 'he year.
Abundance of Water.
The Imperial Canal takes its water
from the Colorado River. This river
is a navigable stream, and after this
(anal diverts enough water from that
river to irrigate SOO.OOO acres ol' land.
the stream will still be navigable.
Fertility of Soil.
The soil Of the Imperial Settlements
is an alluvial deposit brOUghi dOWH
for uk« % s past by the waters of the
Colorado Rlvor. By actual analysis
an acre foot of water taken from that river car
ries commercial fertilizers worth $8.4t, Hence
this soil, brought down by those waters, in\ist be
fertile, and if Irrigated by those waters must
forever continue to be fertile.
The fertility of the soil is also shown by the
crops now glowing and that have already been
matured on these lands. Nowhere on the Pacific
Coast have heavier crops of barley and sorghum
been grown than under this canal system, and
thus far there have been no failures that could
be attributed to the soil.
This will be a stock country and' a country de
voted to general farming and fruit growing.
Alfalfa will lie a Standard crop. Alfalfa can be
cut from six to eight times each season, yielding
from one to two tons of hay per acre to each tut
Cattle can be grown in the Settlements and
then fattened, or the] can he brought in from
the dry ranges in Arizona and then fattened and
sent to market There is practically no limit to
There is money in hogs also, and some prefer
this business to cattle.
This will be a great (-arly fruit country, as all
kinds of ruit ripen here several weeks in advance
of fruit grown in Southern California in the Coast
The raising of cantaloupes for the Hast, in
market is also growing into a great industry
Cantaloupes will net the grower at the present
time over 1100 an acre, and the market is prac-
ticaiiy unlimited, ;is this great valley produced
the earliest cantaloupe* mown in the United
States, and they can be easily shipped to any por
tlOO "f the country.
The date palm will eventually become one of
the Industries of this country. It is stated by the
United States date expert that this is the only
place known in America where the finest variety
of date palm the Neglet Noor date — will perfect
its fruit. This is a dessert date that is imported to
the United States only in small quantities, but
sells Mere readiiy at fifty cents per pound. The
same authority also states that a date orchard
can be brought into good bearing in six years'
time, and at thai time will yield fruit that will
pay interest on an investment of $2.000 an acre.
Towns and cities are a necessity in this coun
try, and they must grow and keep pace with the
developmi nt of the agricultural resources.
Imperial was the Brai town established. At
this date it has a population of about 200. It has
a First National Hank, several stores, a postotlice.
a telephone system connecting this town with the
railroad and Western Union Telegraph on the
OFKICK OK THE IMPKRIAL LAND COMPANY AT IMPERIAL.
north and Caioxico on the south. Imperial also
supports a weekly newspaper — the Imperial Preai
— a twelve-page sheet with four columns to the
page. This paper would be a credit to any town
of ten times the population of Imperial. The
town also has one church and parsonage, and
several brick blocks are now in process of con
struction for business purposes. There is no sa
loon in Imperial, as a clause in the deeds pro
hibits the sale of intoxicating liquors as a bever
age. The National Hank is but recently started,
but it already has over one hundred depositors,
and deposits amounting to over $20,000.
Calexico was the SCCOnd town started. It is
located on the Boundary Line, it is the head
quarters of The California Development Com
pany, and has several lines of business already
About half way between Imperial and Calexico
the town of I'aringa has been platted, but no set
tlement has as yet been made there in the town.
although the country surrounding it is some of
the best OD the Delta, and is a.l in the hands of
Silsbee is the newest town just platted on the
eastern borders of Blue Lake, one of the tinest
bodies of fresh water on the Pacific Coast. The
lake is only about one mile in length by half a
mile in width, but it is well stocked with good
fish and is surrounded by mescjuito timber and a
fine drive 120 feet in width has been laid out en
tirely encircling the lake. Silsbee will become
the pleasure resoi t of the Imperial Settlements.
The town of Silsbee is the property of the
Bluelake Town Company. Its Officers are. Presi-
dent, F. C. Paulin: vice-president. .1. W. Oakley;
secretary, R. T. Perry; treasurer, A. H. Heber;
dire. tors. F. C. Paulin. A. H. Heber. .1. W. Oakley.
Thomas H. Silsbee and W. S. Wilkins.
The town of Eastside will soon be established
on the east side of Carter River as a business
center for that section of country, and a new
town will also soon be laid out some twelve miles
north of Imperial in about the center of Imperial
Water Company No. 4 District.
In this age of the world, no section of count ry
can long exist without railroad communication.
As the country develops the railroads will be
built. To this rule there are no exceptions.
The Southern Pacific overland is now located
near the north edge of the Imperial Settlements,
twenty-eight miles north of the town of Imperial,
and a stage line connects the Imperial Settle
ments with the daily trains.
The Imperial <fc Gulf Railway Company has re
cently been incorporated for the purpose of con
structing a line of railroad from the station of
O d l?ea< h on the Southern Pacific Railroad —
lit! rafter to be known as Imperial Junction — to
the town of Imperial, and thence south to Calex-
Ico, with one branch from Imperial to Silsbee, on
Blue Lake, and another branch to Eastside. It is
the intention of the Company to eventually ex
tend the line southward from Calexico
to the head of the Gulf of California.
The work of constructing the line to
Imperial from the Southern Pacific is
now in progress, and it is the inten
tion to have this line in running order
before the close of the present year.
The officers of the Imperial & Gulf
Railway Company are: President, W.
F. Holt, president of the First Na
tional Hank of Imperial; vice-presi
dent. .1. H. Braly, president of the
Southern California Savings Bank;
secretary, F. C. Paulin; treasurer, A.
H. Heber; directors. \V. F. Holt. .1. H.
Braly, F. C. Paulin. A. H. Heber and
B. A. Meserve.
The San Diego-Eastern Railroad has
also been surveyed from San DiegO to
Vuma, a distance of about IT.'i miles,
passing through the Imperial Settle
mentS. It is believed that the con
struction of this line will be com
menced in the very near future. The
grade over the mountains east of San
Diego has been found to be very easy.
the heaviest grade being less than 75
feet to the mile.
Progress of the Work.
Two years ago this Colorado Delta was a track
less waste of worthless land — all the property of
the government— and was not considered worth
30 cents a section.
Today L 50,000 acres have been taken up by set
tlers, several thousand acres placed under culti
vation, water provided for the bulk of the land
that has been taken up. and fully 2000 people are
today found where no one was found before this
work of reclamation was commenced.
During the past year there have been built be
tween the two dry rivers over one hundred and
fifty miles of canals. These canals range from
eight to seventy feet wide on the bottom, and
the larger main canal will carry water from six
to eight feet in depth.
The towns of imperial and Calexico have In en
fairly started. Schools have been opened, a tele
phone line forty-five niiies in length has been
built, two railroads have been surveyed and ac
tual construction has commenced on one of them;
a church building and parsonage have been built
and paid for. a weekly newspaper has been es
tablished send for a copy of it — fifty-two copies
will cost you but $1.60; a National Hank has been
opened and in three months' time the deposits
amounted to over $20.000. Several brick business
blocks are in process of erection, and a hotel has
been provided. AH this within two years! What
of the future?
In April. 1901, the Hoard of Supervisors of San
Diego County established the Imperial School
District. It included practically this entire dcs-
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