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Will It I.iv to Raise Poultry. Ranchers In the Imperial Settle merits will do will to study the poul trj question and read carefullj the following paper read at a Farmers' Institute at Tra\er recently by A X McClanahao ! What i have to saj to those begin tttng with the incubator and brood, r win be conclusions drawn from per sonal experience in raising chickens by the mi t hod. As the success of any one's efforts in any line often depends upon the wa\ they begin, it is very essential that a poultry keeper should Start tight, ami continue to give close at tention to many small details, which I haven't tine >■> this article to men tion. About the latter part of September is a good time to begin; then, two had lies will be old enough for fr> ers and broilers when that class of poill try brings the highest price; and if you are raising a laying strain, your pullets will begin to lay the following spring. a good incubator that will hold about 220 eggs. Which will cost about 186 laid down, and a four sect ion brooder, pipe system preferred, which will cost about $20 laid down, should lie procured. Locate your brooder in a suitable building, not in your storehouse, ear penter shop or blacksmith shop, where you might have a lire. Having had a large, newly purchased iticu bator destroyed by lire, I cannot re ■Ist calling attention to the above danger. Let your chicks remain in the Incu bator until the hatch is well over, then, having your brooder previously warmed to a temperature of about ioo degrees, place them in it. and when they are about L'l hours old. give them a little warm water, supplied On the fountain plan. A teacup filled and inverted in a saucer, makes an e\ei lleut. drinking fountain which may be easily cleaned. Give them no sloppy food, but supply them with line grit, ground chaYeoal, mi lit seed and a niivl me of w heat ami oats chopped. With the exception of water and grit, which Should always be within reach of the chicks, they should be U'i\ onlj a moderate amount. A bread made from corn meal, .'! parts to I part of wheat bran and well baked. without grease, makes an excellent food for chicks. When the chicks are one week old begin feeding them B little fresh meal each day and some rice cooked with a small amount of ginger and some ground egg shells added after being cooked; this should be fed about twice h week until chicks are si\ weeks old. They should be sup plied with green feed at all times. alfalfa or bermuda grass, both are ex cellont feed. After the Chickens are tWO weeks old, give them a mixture of wheat and oats, cracked, after adding a sin. ill quantity of wheat bran, as the wheat does not supply quite enough of thai pan of the food Prof. Jaffa Is here to show what the above system of feeding lacks of being scientific, At present l am feeding n (lock of .TOO hens a daily ration as follows: i!2\ pounds whole wheat at if per pound '-'"'■ 1. r > pounds wheat bran at Ie l- r > Coiseln from 150 pounds milk.... 15 '.' ' pounds oyster shells at Ie 2] r> pounds ground barley at Lc.., 5 Or a total cost per day of 60 Which amounts to $1S per month. All this feed is higher at this sea son of the year, and if the farmers would co-operate and purchase their feed In the fall In targe quantities, (hoy could save from 10 to 26 por cent] The data of eggfl from this Rock has been kept Bince February i only, and shows as follow February. 1902. Sold at store, 186J doi $22 70 Used on table, IT> do?. 2 40 Sold and used for hatching. ... 27 00 Total for February $*»2 10 March, 1902 sol. i at store, 841 J doi $14 70 Used on table. 15 dOI 2 00 Sold and used for hatching . . 8 00 Total for March $54 70 Deducting for food we have a net income of $:;i.io for the month of February and $36.70 for the month of March. About one half of this tlock are white Leghorn pullets and the other half are mixed, about fifty being old brown Leghorn! three years past, and the others as old with no blood from laying stock i.-t us Indulge in a few Dgures. our inaiiMiy man. H. U. Peacock, has about 78 patrons. BuppOM each •me of these should go Into the Chick en business, in connection with his present business, and keep a Hock of 4:52 hens, as almost every one of them could. An average of 160 eggs per year from each hen is an average far below what many poultry Keepers re port in this part of the State. Hut this number would give us a total of r.Ttlu dozen eggs each year; and at the net average price for the past two years (17c per doz). would amount to $!»7!t.i!(i. Deducting $:?ii.im for feed, we have a net income of |668.16 for each tlock. or a total of $.r.o,llL'. r .o,llL' for the 7."> patrons. It would In' gratifying to see many more large (locks of chickens in our vicinity, and tin- gradei of stock worked up to a hlgb standard of choice strains. Irrigation Problems. Prof. BSlwood Mead, whu is in charge ut the Irrigation Investigation of the departmeni of agriculture, says 1 1 » i * t the government is preparing to give great publicity to fads concerning Irrigation problems in California. The report oflait year's work in this stair will be published soon. This wili con tain a report on the duty of water in Southern California, this relating to the amount of water required to Ir rigate crops, the estimate being based upon actual measureinen. by Civil Engineer [rving at Riverside. The subject of the utilization of the water supply of Southern California has been treated by Prof, llilgard of the University of California. Irriga tion and fruit growing are treated of by Prof, Wickson. Last year the irri gation Investigation looked into the matter of returns from tin 1 irrigation and (he amount of water used in the San Joaquln Valley for irrigation. Prof. Mead says also that the work this year in California wi 1 deal largely with a study of the cost and value of pumping water for irrigation in all parts of the State. Prof. .1. M. Wil son, resident agent of tnc department of agriculture, is now making this investigation of the Santa Clara Yal ley. Experience has demonstrated the value of irrigation In places where there is a heavy annual rain fall. The government will continue to measure the water used and esti mate the value of t lit 1 crops raised in the San Joaquln Valley. An agent is in the valley measuring the weirs this week. The department of agriculture re alizes, so Prof. Mead says, that Cali fornia has greater opportunities for ir rigation than any other otate. The soil will support a vast population. The greater part of the government work tins year will i>e performed in Tulare and Santa Clara counties and in Southern California. Some drain age surveys may be made mar Fresno, which aie much needed. I .us Angeles Cultivator. A Model farm. The Hanford Journal publishes the following experience of a rancher In i he San Joaquln Valley : Frank Rea, Sr., il" miles northeast of Hanford and who has been ditch tender for the People's Ditch Com pany for many years, has one of the model farms of Kings county, Only a few years ago Mr. Rea be gan Improving his farm, as he could earn the means and support his fain ily b\ tending the water ditch. Now he owns 640 acres o( land. 300 of Which is in alfalfa and i;~i acres in oil hard. He has the old black wal nuts, hickory nuts. English walnuts and persimmons, all bearing. Ho has a tine, large, well-arranged farm house. ;> large barn, besides a shed that is built in which to milk cows and in which are 60 stalls. Mr. Rea is now milking 10 COWB. He is raisins; the short horn and Jer st y breeds. He has a cream extra* tor. so he onlj has to haul the cream to the creamery. He Bays it pays to do his own extracting, for two reasons. First, he claims he gets more cream to the pound; second, he says the milk is better for the calves and hogs When it is warm, from the cows. Mr. Rea is raising a great many hoes on his farm, they are the dies ter White stock. He says he has a Chester White sow that at one time IMPKKIAL PRKSS had twelve pigs in one litter and a few days ago she had eighteen and tiny are all alive. Thirty plga from one sow in a year- -who can beat that" It is really worth one's time to visit Mr. Kin's farm and Bee how he man ages his busim ss. Early Cantaloupes. .lames McShane, a mining man. who lias been engaged around Wal ters out in the Colorado desert, ar rived in Highland Tuesday and will sp< nd a few days here and at East Highlands. Mr. McShane says that the country around Walters is being cultivated and planted in cantaloupes, and that they have plenty of artesian water. Two associations at Walters, he says, have goi orders from a Chicago firm, for all the cantaloupes they raise this year. While the spring; is late this season, the melons will be ripe by the middle of June. — Highland Messen ger. Another Corporation. The Imperial Light, Water and power Company, with principal place of business in LOS Angeles, was in corporated April IS. with a capital stock of $100,000, divided into $10 shares, of which amount $20.-^0 has been subscribed. The directors are \V. V. Holt. $6000, Red lands; H. C. Oakley. $fi<)oo. Imperial; F. C. Paulin. $5000; .1. W. Oakley. $6000; A. H. Kemper, $250. FIRST NATIONAL BANK "T s =l Largest National Bank in Southern California CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS - - - $760,000.00 DEPOSITS - - - - - - $4,750,000,00 J.M.Elliott, IINITFn J.C.Drake, Prerident UllllCU JlAlLj 2 nd Vice-Pres. W. G. Kerckhoff, DEPOSITARY W.T.S.Hammond, Vice-President Cashier FARMERS ■■- MERCHANTS INCORPORATED DAilll OF 1871 DARH LOS ANGELES Oldest and Largest Bank in Southern California CAPITAL OFFICERS *-n ■ .__ _. ■ ,-_ [SAIAB W. HELLMAN. President SURPL JS HERMAN WJHELLMA.N, Vice President ?\?^ " . . 77 IT _1 . •'■ A - GRAVES; 2nd Vice President AND I ll\|n)l\/ I DP D OHARLKB si Vi.KK, Cusliier V/I * L/I V •*-'»— I-/ QUBTAV HEIMANN, Ass't Cashier * nUrlTv) DIRECTORS C i "7 q nnn AA w - "• PBBBTf J. F. pranois UllU IOIUUIJ IUU C B - THOM 1. \V. HBLLMAN, JR. W jw.w,www-ww i.n.vinm'vj H.W. HBLLMAN J. A. GRAVE WM I.\t v DEPOSITS, $6,300,000.00 ° v CHI Tw. heL?man SPECIAL SAFETY DEPOSIT DEPARTMENT "v Artnlnh Frr^p 126 s - spring st. m MUUI|JII 1 1 tSC, LOS ANGELESj CAL . l'>iV^V MANOFACTORBR OF AND DEALER IN Optical, Mathematical and Engineering Instruments. ,t£j^i~» DRAWING INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS. "C*^ Mail orders promptly attended to. HARDWARE AND EVERYTHING IN COOKING AND HEATING APPLIANCES Cass & Smurr Stove Co. LOS ANGELES. CAL. Trial of Rice. Henry Maitral of Decles, San Ber nardino county, expects to plant a trad of liver bottom land near West Riverside to rice this season, and ir rigate the same with water from the Santa Ana River, after the manner of upland rice growing in Louisiana and Texas. Mr. Maitral has had con siderable experience in rice growing in the Southern States. Should this prove successful, it will undoubtedly up. 11 a new industry for certain sec tions of Southern California.—River side Enterprise. Bloomington, in Riverside county is rapidly coming forward as the chief olive growing center in Southern Cali fornia. The first carload of olive oil ever shipped from the State left Bloomington March l.». That section has sold in one shipment, lfi.ooo gal lons of oil. all of which went East.— Western Investments. Bloomington is in San Bernardino county on the Southern Pacific Rail road a few miles west of Colton. Carloads of Goods Daily. Deputy Sheriff Fred Jennings has returned from the Imperial country, where he went on civil business. He reports everything in a very flourish ing condition, crops growing nicely and everybody pleased with the out look. Bottlers are entering the coun try rapidly now. and from three to five cars of goods are arriving every day and being unloaded at Flowing Wells. — San Diego Sun.