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Imperial press and farmer. (Imperial, San Diego County, Cal.) 1901-1903, May 10, 1902, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92070142/1902-05-10/ed-1/seq-10/

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Will It I.iv to Raise Poultry.
Ranchers In the Imperial Settle
merits will do will to study the poul
trj question and read carefullj the
following paper read at a Farmers'
Institute at Tra\er recently by A X
McClanahao !
What i have to saj to those begin
tttng with the incubator and brood, r
win be conclusions drawn from per
sonal experience in raising chickens
by the mi t hod.
As the success of any one's efforts
in any line often depends upon the
wa\ they begin, it is very essential
that a poultry keeper should Start
tight, ami continue to give close at
tention to many small details, which
I haven't tine >■> this article to men
About the latter part of September
is a good time to begin; then, two
had lies will be old enough for fr> ers
and broilers when that class of poill
try brings the highest price; and if
you are raising a laying strain, your
pullets will begin to lay the following
a good incubator that will hold
about 220 eggs. Which will cost about
186 laid down, and a four sect ion
brooder, pipe system preferred, which
will cost about $20 laid down, should
lie procured.
Locate your brooder in a suitable
building, not in your storehouse, ear
penter shop or blacksmith shop,
where you might have a lire. Having
had a large, newly purchased iticu
bator destroyed by lire, I cannot re
■Ist calling attention to the above
Let your chicks remain in the Incu
bator until the hatch is well over,
then, having your brooder previously
warmed to a temperature of about ioo
degrees, place them in it. and when
they are about L'l hours old. give
them a little warm water, supplied On
the fountain plan. A teacup filled
and inverted in a saucer, makes an
e\ei lleut. drinking fountain which
may be easily cleaned. Give them no
sloppy food, but supply them with
line grit, ground chaYeoal, mi lit seed
and a niivl me of w heat ami oats
chopped. With the exception of water
and grit, which Should always be
within reach of the chicks, they
should be U'i\ onlj a moderate
amount. A bread made from corn
meal, .'! parts to I part of wheat bran
and well baked. without grease,
makes an excellent food for chicks.
When the chicks are one week old
begin feeding them B little fresh
meal each day and some rice cooked
with a small amount of ginger and
some ground egg shells added after
being cooked; this should be fed
about twice h week until chicks are
si\ weeks old. They should be sup
plied with green feed at all times.
alfalfa or bermuda grass, both are ex
cellont feed.
After the Chickens are tWO weeks
old, give them a mixture of wheat
and oats, cracked, after adding a
sin. ill quantity of wheat bran, as the
wheat does not supply quite enough
of thai pan of the food
Prof. Jaffa Is here to show what
the above system of feeding lacks of
being scientific,
At present l am feeding n (lock of
.TOO hens a daily ration as follows:
i!2\ pounds whole wheat at if per
pound '-'"'■
1. r > pounds wheat bran at Ie l- r >
Coiseln from 150 pounds milk.... 15
'.' ' pounds oyster shells at Ie 2]
r> pounds ground barley at Lc.., 5
Or a total cost per day of 60
Which amounts to $1S per month.
All this feed is higher at this sea
son of the year, and if the farmers
would co-operate and purchase their
feed In the fall In targe quantities,
(hoy could save from 10 to 26 por
The data of eggfl from this Rock
has been kept Bince February i only,
and shows as follow
February. 1902.
Sold at store, 186J doi $22 70
Used on table, IT> do?. 2 40
Sold and used for hatching. ... 27 00
Total for February $*»2 10
March, 1902
sol. i at store, 841 J doi $14 70
Used on table. 15 dOI 2 00
Sold and used for hatching . . 8 00
Total for March $54 70
Deducting for food we have a net
income of $:;i.io for the month of
February and $36.70 for the month of
About one half of this tlock are
white Leghorn pullets and the other
half are mixed, about fifty being old
brown Leghorn! three years past,
and the others as old with no blood
from laying stock
i.-t us Indulge in a few Dgures.
our inaiiMiy man. H. U. Peacock,
has about 78 patrons. BuppOM each
•me of these should go Into the Chick
en business, in connection with his
present business, and keep a Hock of
4:52 hens, as almost every one of them
could. An average of 160 eggs per
year from each hen is an average far
below what many poultry Keepers re
port in this part of the State. Hut
this number would give us a total of
r.Ttlu dozen eggs each year; and at
the net average price for the past
two years (17c per doz). would
amount to $!»7!t.i!(i. Deducting $:?ii.im
for feed, we have a net income of
|668.16 for each tlock. or a total of
$.r.o,llL'. r .o,llL' for the 7."> patrons. It would
In' gratifying to see many more large
(locks of chickens in our vicinity, and
tin- gradei of stock worked up to a
hlgb standard of choice strains.
Irrigation Problems.
Prof. BSlwood Mead, whu is in charge
ut the Irrigation Investigation of the
departmeni of agriculture, says 1 1 » i * t
the government is preparing to give
great publicity to fads concerning
Irrigation problems in California. The
report oflait year's work in this stair
will be published soon. This wili con
tain a report on the duty of water in
Southern California, this relating to
the amount of water required to Ir
rigate crops, the estimate being based
upon actual measureinen. by Civil
Engineer [rving at Riverside.
The subject of the utilization of the
water supply of Southern California
has been treated by Prof, llilgard of
the University of California. Irriga
tion and fruit growing are treated of
by Prof, Wickson. Last year the irri
gation Investigation looked into the
matter of returns from tin 1 irrigation
and (he amount of water used in the
San Joaquln Valley for irrigation.
Prof. Mead says also that the work
this year in California wi 1 deal largely
with a study of the cost and value of
pumping water for irrigation in all
parts of the State. Prof. .1. M. Wil
son, resident agent of tnc department
of agriculture, is now making this
investigation of the Santa Clara Yal
ley. Experience has demonstrated
the value of irrigation In places
where there is a heavy annual rain
fall. The government will continue
to measure the water used and esti
mate the value of t lit 1 crops raised in
the San Joaquln Valley. An agent
is in the valley measuring the weirs
this week.
The department of agriculture re
alizes, so Prof. Mead says, that Cali
fornia has greater opportunities for ir
rigation than any other otate. The
soil will support a vast population.
The greater part of the government
work tins year will i>e performed in
Tulare and Santa Clara counties and
in Southern California. Some drain
age surveys may be made mar Fresno,
which aie much needed. I .us Angeles
A Model farm.
The Hanford Journal publishes the
following experience of a rancher In
i he San Joaquln Valley :
Frank Rea, Sr., il" miles northeast
of Hanford and who has been ditch
tender for the People's Ditch Com
pany for many years, has one of the
model farms of Kings county,
Only a few years ago Mr. Rea be
gan Improving his farm, as he could
earn the means and support his fain
ily b\ tending the water ditch. Now
he owns 640 acres o( land. 300 of
Which is in alfalfa and i;~i acres in
oil hard. He has the old black wal
nuts, hickory nuts. English walnuts
and persimmons, all bearing. Ho has
a tine, large, well-arranged farm
house. ;> large barn, besides a shed
that is built in which to milk cows
and in which are 60 stalls.
Mr. Rea is now milking 10 COWB.
He is raisins; the short horn and Jer
st y breeds. He has a cream extra* tor.
so he onlj has to haul the cream to
the creamery. He Bays it pays to do
his own extracting, for two reasons.
First, he claims he gets more cream
to the pound; second, he says the
milk is better for the calves and hogs
When it is warm, from the cows.
Mr. Rea is raising a great many
hoes on his farm, they are the dies
ter White stock. He says he has a
Chester White sow that at one time
had twelve pigs in one litter and a
few days ago she had eighteen and
tiny are all alive. Thirty plga from
one sow in a year- -who can beat
It is really worth one's time to visit
Mr. Kin's farm and Bee how he man
ages his busim ss.
Early Cantaloupes.
.lames McShane, a mining man.
who lias been engaged around Wal
ters out in the Colorado desert, ar
rived in Highland Tuesday and will
sp< nd a few days here and at East
Mr. McShane says that the country
around Walters is being cultivated
and planted in cantaloupes, and that
they have plenty of artesian water.
Two associations at Walters, he says,
have goi orders from a Chicago firm,
for all the cantaloupes they raise this
year. While the spring; is late this
season, the melons will be ripe by the
middle of June. — Highland Messen
Another Corporation.
The Imperial Light, Water and
power Company, with principal place
of business in LOS Angeles, was in
corporated April IS. with a capital
stock of $100,000, divided into $10
shares, of which amount $20.-^0 has
been subscribed. The directors are
\V. V. Holt. $6000, Red lands; H. C.
Oakley. $fi<)oo. Imperial; F. C. Paulin.
$5000; .1. W. Oakley. $6000; A. H.
Kemper, $250.
Largest National Bank in Southern California
DEPOSITS - - - - - - $4,750,000,00
J.M.Elliott, IINITFn J.C.Drake,
Prerident UllllCU JlAlLj 2 nd Vice-Pres.
W. G. Kerckhoff, DEPOSITARY W.T.S.Hammond,
Vice-President Cashier
Oldest and Largest Bank in Southern California
*-n ■ .__ _. ■ ,-_ [SAIAB W. HELLMAN. President
?\?^ " . . 77 IT _1 . •'■ A - GRAVES; 2nd Vice President
AND I ll\|n)l\/ I DP D OHARLKB si Vi.KK, Cusliier
V/I * L/I V •*-'»— I-/ QUBTAV HEIMANN, Ass't Cashier
C i "7 q nnn AA w - "• PBBBTf J. F. pranois
W jw.w,www-ww i.n.vinm'vj H.W. HBLLMAN
J. A. GRAVE WM I.\t v
DEPOSITS, $6,300,000.00 ° v CHI Tw. heL?man
"v Artnlnh Frr^p 126 s - spring st.
Optical, Mathematical and Engineering Instruments.
"C*^ Mail orders promptly attended to.
Cass & Smurr Stove Co.
Trial of Rice.
Henry Maitral of Decles, San Ber
nardino county, expects to plant a
trad of liver bottom land near West
Riverside to rice this season, and ir
rigate the same with water from the
Santa Ana River, after the manner
of upland rice growing in Louisiana
and Texas. Mr. Maitral has had con
siderable experience in rice growing
in the Southern States. Should this
prove successful, it will undoubtedly
up. 11 a new industry for certain sec
tions of Southern California.—River
side Enterprise.
Bloomington, in Riverside county
is rapidly coming forward as the chief
olive growing center in Southern Cali
fornia. The first carload of olive oil
ever shipped from the State left
Bloomington March l.». That section
has sold in one shipment, lfi.ooo gal
lons of oil. all of which went East.—
Western Investments.
Bloomington is in San Bernardino
county on the Southern Pacific Rail
road a few miles west of Colton.
Carloads of Goods Daily.
Deputy Sheriff Fred Jennings has
returned from the Imperial country,
where he went on civil business. He
reports everything in a very flourish
ing condition, crops growing nicely
and everybody pleased with the out
look. Bottlers are entering the coun
try rapidly now. and from three to
five cars of goods are arriving every
day and being unloaded at Flowing
Wells. — San Diego Sun.

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