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Imperial press and farmer. (Imperial, San Diego County, Cal.) 1901-1903, May 10, 1902, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92070142/1902-05-10/ed-1/seq-2/

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Very Interesting Irrigation Statistics.
The Entire Irrigation Area of California in 1900 only
about One and a half Times the Size of Imperial
System When it is Completed.
■riw United States census figures n
gardlng California just published, an'
or great Interest as ihowlng the rapid
•trtdei now being made by our favored
Btate. These Bgurei alto show 1 1 1 ; 1 1
ti iiiin- Irrigated area of the Btate
to be onlj aboul 1,200,000 acres, which
in ( > l l l > one and ■ halt times the slae
die [mperlal system will reach when
completed so as to Irrigate 500,000
acres in California and 800,000 acres in
I ,<i\\ er < 'a l i l'm ilia.
These figures also show that so far
Irrigation Systems have cost an aver
age of $10.80 per acre. When we con
Sider the amount of water used under
the Imperial system as compared with
other systems in the State, it is safe
to say that the Imperial Canal system
when completed will carry more water
than all (he other irrigation systems
in tin- Btate combined. We have be
lieveil this statement to be true here
tofore, but had no reliable figures to
prove it until the publication of the
following report. Which we give in full
so as to furnish all the data obtain
able on I lie progress of California:
Value of Farms, Etc.
California farms in June. 1900. had a
value of $707,912,960; of this amount
$77,468,000, <>r 10.9 per cent, represents
the value of buildings, and $680,44 1,960
or 89 I per cent, the value of land and
Improvements other than bullalngi On
the same date the value of farm Im
plements and machinery was $21, "ill,
870, ami of live Btock, $67,303,325.
These values added to that of farms.
Klve $796,627,955, the total value of
I 1 1 in pi opert v .
Products derived from domestic ani
mala, poultry and bees, including ani
mala sold ami animals slaughtered on
farms, are referred to in this bulletin
as "animal products." Their value for
1899 was $131,690,606. The total value
of farm products for 1599 exceeds that
reported for 1889 by $44,657,316, or 51.3
pci 1 cent
California, the second largesi state
in the Union, has a total land area
of 165,980 square miles, or 99,627,200
acres, of which 28,828,96j acres, or 28.9
per cent are included in farms. The
diversity in the soil and in climate of
California renders possible a greater
variety of agricultural products than
are found in any other State in the
Of 72,542 farms. 11,958.837 acres are
Improved, and 16,870,1 1 I unimproved.
the average slse of farm being :'.97
acres, ami tin- percentage of land Im
proved 11.5. The rate of gain of the
number of farms in the last decade
w.i. :;7 per cent The average si/.e
..i farms has decreased as cultivation
has become moi c general.
The gain in the value of farm prop
cm tor the las! decade was only 3.2
,„.,- cent On this point the bulletin
gays Ibis small increase is doubtless
due in part to the financial distur
bances in IS!':'. The value of imple
ments and machinery, increased 15.1
per cent, and that of farm products
M:: per «ent In the same period the
value of live stock Increased 1 1.7 per
The total area of farm lan,! in the
siate is ::i 5 per cent greater than in
ism, i in Tuolumne, San Francisco,
Mono Orange, Kern and lnyo counties
the farm area is more than doubled.
Of the decreases shown, the largest
were for Colusa and San Bernardino
count les.
\ lower value of land and buildings
than in 1890 is reported for all conn
ties except Los Angeles, Ventura and
Santa Barbara in tii«> southwest Ban
Joaqutn, Calaveras and most of the
counties bordering upon San Fran
„.,,,, Bay, in the central part, and
Sierra. PiumaS, l.assen. ModOC and Sis
Kixou counties in the northeast
The value of implements and mach
Inery has Increased since 1890 in everj
county except Colusa. Butte, Ainador
and Nuba, which show decreases of
18.7, 18.5, 1 1.8 ami in. 7 per cent , re*
Irrigation Statistics.
From an elaborate report on Califor
nia irrigation statistics, accompanying
the agricultural report, the following
facts are taken: In ten years ending
with 1890, the number of irrigators in
the State increased from 13,732 to 25,'
t;7.".. or 87 per cent: the area Irrigated
from i. (tut. 2:;:: acres to 1,446,1 L 4 acres,
or ii per cent. Of the total Improved
acreage in 1900, 12. l per cent was re
ported as Irrigated, in LBB9, 26 per
cent of the farms were Irrigated and
in 1899, 35.4 per cent. In 1899, there
were operated 1918 ditches, receiving
water from open streams, lakes ami
springs by gravity, and used chiefly
or solely for irrigation purposes. The
total COSi of const ruction of these
ditches was $12,866,012, and the area
irrigated was 1,248,178 acres, making
the average cost of const met ion per
acre irrigated $10.30. The total length
of the main ditches was 6106 miles.
Live Stock.
The total value of live stock in
creased 11.7 per cent, the largest tvla
live increase being in Tuoluiune
COUnty. The general agricultural prog
less of this county in the past ten
years has lie. n very marked. Krom
LB6O to 1900, the population of Califor
nia Increased from 92.T.97 to 1,486,063,
or Blxleen-fold, while the number of
farms increased from 572 to 72. .M2, or
ever eighty fold. In other words, from
1860 to 1900, th(> number of farms, and
hence the number of persons operating
them as owners or tenants, Increased
faster than the population. This state
Mciit applies also to the decades. In
the last decade the number of farms.
and hence, of owners ami tenants. In
creased :!7.1 per cent, while the total
rural population increased but 12.7 per
cent This indicates that, in the last
ten years, unlike the two decades pre
ceding, the number of persons opera
ing farms as owners or tenants In
creased faster than the number of
those who worked for wages.
Tin- total value of all live stock on
the farms and ranges June 1. 1900. was
$67,242,112. Since 1850, the number of
dairy cows has increased over seventy
fold, but a decrease of 3.1 per cent is
shown for the last decade. It is prob
able <hat this decrease is more appar
cut than real, as many of the 304,450
"cows and heifers not kept for milk"
were doubtless milch cows dry at the
time of enumeration. The fact that
■he production of milk has increased
38 per cent since 1 S'.tO supports this
\ ew. The number of horses, mules
ana asses have steadily Increased since
LBSO, the rates of gain for the last
decade being 5.4 per cent for the for
mer and 61.6 per cent for the latter.
The number of sheep Increased until
ism.i sm'. since which year it has decreased,
less for the last decade being 3.8 per
cent. The number of swine has Hue
Social Conditions.
There lias been a marked Improve
ment in tht> last two decades, in the
social and economical condition of the
California fanner. During this period
great additions were made to the rural
population. The number of farms
operated by owners Increased 98.6 per
rent, and tin 1 number operated by t.'n
ants 186.3 per cent., the former show
Ing tii«' greater Increase from 1880 to
and the latter from 1890 to 1900.
The tables show that L 607, or but 2.2
per cent of the farms of the State are
operated by colored farmers. Of the
white farmers, 72.9 per cent own all or
part of the farms they operate, and
87.1 per cent operate farms owned by
others. Tlie Chinese fanners are near
ly all tenants, and as a rule pay cash
rental. The Indians generally own the
farms they operate.
Dairy Products.
The total value of dairy products in
L 899 was $12,128,471. With respect to
the number of farmers engaged in the
pursuit, dairying holds fourth place
among the various branches of Call
fornia agriculture, of 72,:>»2 farms in
the siate in 1900, 8668, or l- per cent,
were daily farms. The increase in the
production of milk during the last
• (•■cade was 12,493,566 gallons, or :;»;>,._'
per cent. The average production pei
capita in the State increased from 92
gallons in 1889 to 103.6 gallons in iv.»:».
a comparison with figures for LB9O
shows a decrease of 22.1 per cent ill
the quantity of butter, and an increase
Of 9.8 per cent in the <|iiantit.\ of
cheese made on the farms. In i:ni>»
butter-making was reported by ::i'.uss
farmers, who produced an average of
660 pounds per farm; cheese was re
ported by 120 farmers, but the average
production per farm was io.i is pounds.
The total value of the products of the
poultry industry in L 899 was $6,356,746,
nt which amount 39.2 per cent repre
sents the value of the fowls raised and
60.8 pei- cent that of the eggs pro
duced. Nearly eleven million dozen
more eggs were produced in 1899 than
in 1889, the percentage of increase he
ing 78.7.
Wool and Honey.
The production of wool has de
creased steadily since 1879. In the last
decade the decrease was 2.(i75.0">2
pounds, or 16.4 per cent. The quan
tity of honey produced in 1899 was
3,667,788 pounds, a decrease of 262,151
pounds, or C.7 per cent from the pro
duct ion in ISS9. The production of
wax Increased 91 per cent. The largest
decreases in production of honey were
in the southernmost counties.
Farm Crops.
Following was the acreage of the
principal crops in IS!>9: Corn. 53,980;
wheat, 2,268,405; oats, 163,734; barley,
1,029,647; rye. 62,925; buckwheat. ;?!>r>:
Kaffir corn. 20,218; Baxseed, 904; hay
and forage. 22,239,601; tobacco, 277:
hemp. 500; hops, 6891; broom corn,
1669; peanuts, 433; castor beans. 7: dry
beans, 15,861; dry peas. 2014; potatoes,
132,098; sweet potatoes, 1607; onions.
2207: sugar beets, -11,212; miscellane
ous vegetables, 30,194; chicory, 78; sor
ghum cane. 110; small fruits. 6353;
grapes, 183,862; orchard fruits. :UO.S»7S:
tropical fruits. 119,836; (lowers and
plants. 672; seeds. 1673; nursery prod
ucts, 2911; total. 7,025,615 acres; value
of products $95,365,712.
of the total value of crops, cereals
contributed :;.">.:! per cent; fruits, 29.7
per cent; hay and forage. 20.4 per
cent; vegetables, including potatoes,
BWeet potatoes, onions and sugar
beans. 7,."< per cent; nuts, forest and
nurserj products, and (lowers and
plants, 4.5 per cent; and all other
crops, 2.6 per cent.
The average values per acre of the
principal crops were as follows:
Flowers and plants, $864.06; nursery
products. $191.60; small fruits. $143.46;
hops. $134.28; hemp. $90; miscellane
ous vegetables. $84.86; sweet potatoes.
$84.39; Irish potatoes, $62.65; tropical
fruits. $60.24; orchard fruits, $42.60;
grapes, $42.16; sugar beets. $:'7.r<9; hay
and forage, $s.i;s.
in 1899, the total area devoted to
cereals was 3,984,036 acres; in ISS9. it
was 3,812,751 acres; and in 1579. 2.
561,800 acres. In the decade from
ivy to iy.» the acreage in oats in
creased 167 per cent: rye, 129..'. per
cent; and barley 26.2 per cent. Buck
wheat shows a decrease of 40.6 per
cent; corn. 23 per cent, and wheat 5.5
per cent Although the production of
buckwheat, corn and wheat decreased
during the last decade, there was an
Increase of approximately •"> per cent
in the total production of cereals. The
cultivation of hops in California is
rapidly becoming an important Indus
try. In 1900. 208 farmers reported an
area of 6891 acres, or an average of
■»:>.9 acres per farm. They obtained
and sold from this land in 1899, 1,012.
160 pounds of hops, an average of
1469 pounds per acre, and received
therefrom $:•_.">. ::i9. or an average of
?r>.-,\ per farm; $i:'.t per acre, and 90
cents per pound.
Deciduous Fruits.
Orchard fruits show the following
gain in the decade from LB9O to L9OO,
the figures being the number of trees:
1900. 1890.
Apples 2,878469 1,269,784
Apricots 2,240,384 1,442,749
Cnerries 686,89] 236,945
Peaches 7,472,393 2,669,843
Pears 2,251,890 695,738
Plums and prune 5. .9,823,713 1,509,833
The value of orchard products was
not reporter by census of 1890, but in
L 879 it was $2,017,314, and in 1899, $14,
52t»,786, a six-fold gain in twenty years.
The number of orchard trees increased
in last decade from 7,824,892 to 28,138,
171. In last ten years, the Dumber of
apricot trees has more than doubled.
over one-third of these treea are in
Santa Clara. Ventura and Los Angeles
ion nt ies.
Apple trees Increased In number
ll'ii.T per cent between 1 S'.tO and 1900.
The coast comities report largest num
bers, Santa Cruz. Sonoma. Monterey,
Los Angeles. Meiulocino and San
Diego counties having more than one
half the total number in the State.
Solano and Sacramento counties con
tain one-fifth of the pear trees in the
state, nearly three times as many were
reported In i!»" ; > as in 1890. The value
of orchard products for 1900 includes
the value of 2:.9."> barrels of cider:
•!.!.'!!» barrels of vinegar and 1 17.9:!r>.727
pounds of dried and evaporated fruits.
Citrus Fruits.
The following table shows the
changes in semi-tropical tin it since
L 890:
No. trees No. t rees
L9OO. 1890.
Citrons 1,780 1,757
Figs 188,941 109,535
Quavas 7.or>i; 11,495
Kaki 2,690 L 9.101
Lemons 1,498,113 82,611
Limes 311 2,007
Oranges 5,648,714 i,ir>;.ssi
Pineapples 1,816 1 15,000
Pomelos 50.91S 144
Olives 1,530,164 278,380
Miscellaneous .. 37,957 5,260
Total number of semi-tropical fruit
trees increased from L, 809,161 in LB9O,
to 8,996,459 in 1900. Of the number
reported in 1900, »i~s per cent were
orange trees; 17.10 per cent olive
trees; 16.6 per cent lemon trees; 2.1
per cent fig trees, and 1.6 per cent
other trees.
The orange groves were reported
chiefly by southern counties, San Ber
nardino. I -os Angeles. Riverside and
Orange counties containing more than
four-fifths of the trees. In 1900 the
number of trees reported was nearly
five times as great as it was in 1890.
All counties reporting oranges shared
in the increase except Lake and Santa
Barbara. The production showed a
still greater gain. The number of olive
trees reported in 1900 was nearly six
times that reported in lj9o. San Diego
and 1 os Angeles counties report over
one-half of the lemon trees of the
State, and show marked increases BinCe
1890, the number reported in 1900 be
ing over eighteen times as great as ten
years before. The fig-growing industry
centers In Fresno count v. Pomelos, or
grape fruit which in 1890 were reported
in but four counties, are now grown
in over one-half Of the counties of the
State. Pineapples are found chiefly in
San Diego and Riverside counties.
Small Fruits.
The total area used In the cultiva
tion of small fruits in 1899 was 6353
acres. The value of fruits grown was
$911 111. Of the total area. 241S acres
or 38.1 per cent were devoted to straw
berries; the total production for the
S ate was 7.r>90.5: : !0 quarts, of which
more than one third were reported by
Santa Cruz county. Crapes were grown
in 1899 by 13,064 farmers, who obtained
7,214,334 centals of fruit from 90,686
158 vines. The total value of grapes.
Including the value of raisins and ."..
492,216 gallons of wine made on the
farms, was $5,622,825. Of the quan
tity of grapes reported, raisin grapes
contributed 3.403.3r>S centals: wine
grapes. 3.191,727 centals: and grapes
for table use. f.19.239 centals. Of

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