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Terrible Earthquakes. Martinique was only one in a long list of similar catastrophes. This was not the first — it will not be the last. History! abounds with instances of appalling calamities by earthquakes and volcanoes. Since the destruction of Pompeii down to the latest cata clysm in the West Indies, there have been a multitude of these fearful out bursts. That at Lisbon, which de stroyed about GO.OOO people and wrecked one of the most solidly built capitals in Europe, was the work of less than five seconds, and was the most totally destructive of property of which we have any record. Among others that exceed it in tremendous force was the eruption in the Straits of Sunda, in 1883, which broke out first from the volcano of Kaikaaoa, continued until no less than 45 craters in Java were in full blast, and liter ally shattered and sunk mountains and islands. Dust from this eruption for three years afterwards fell in Australia and other countries thous ands of miles away, and for years the world witnessed the most beautiful red sunsets as a result of this dust in the atmosphere. Flames from the crater could be seen forty milei 1 . distant. The crashing ex plosion which followed the flames «set in motion air waves that traveled around the earth four times one way and three times the other. Every self recording barometer in the world was disturbed seven times by, that blow up. These waves traveled at the rate of 700 miles per hour. The noise of this eruption was heard at Borneo, 1160 miles distant. It was felt in Burmah, 1478 miles distant. It was felt in Perth, West Australia, 1902 miles away. The explosion was heard over a sound zone covering one-thirteenth of the earth's surface. Sea waves were created by the ex plosion which destroyed all the towns and villages on the shores of Java and Sumatra bordering the strait, all ves sels and shipping there and 36,380 lives, raising a tidal wave at Merak 135 feet high, covering 5000 square miles of the ocean with lava dust sev eral inches thick, submerged an is land six miles square and 700 feet high to a depth of 150 fatnoms, and created two new islands. Prof. Milne, who is quoted here in this information, regarding Krakatoa, was asked: "Is it likely that there are volcanoes in the world at present that have been quiet for a long time, but will one Iy or another become active?" 'It is almost certain there are." 'Some in Europe?" 'Many in Europe." 'Some in the United States?" 'Undoubtedly." The Philadelphia Press gives the following list of similar occurrences: Since 1800 the world has been visited by 24 earthquakes, in which 272,350 lives have been lost. Only one of these occurred in the United States— that at Charleston, S. C, Aug. 31, 1886, where 57 were killed and $50,000,000 worth of property was destroyed. The most disastrous was that which wiped out the town of Yeddo, Japan, on Nov. 11, 1855. More than 100,000 lives were lost. Turkey has been visited seven times —1800, 1837, 1840, 1863, 1875, 1880, and 1894, with a total mortality of 40, 000. Italy has been visited five times — 1805, 1835, 1851, 1857 and 1881, with a total mortality of 45,114. Japan has been visited three times— lßss, 1889 and 1891, with a loss of life estimated at 148,000. South America, also has been vis. ited three times— lßl2, 1854 and 1868, with a total mortality of 37,050. Two shocks in British India, in 1819 and 1872, cost 2500 lives. At Djarkend, Russia, in 1889, 129 were swallowed up. At Kushan, Persia, 1200 perished on Nov. 26, 1893. This was the last fatal earthquake before the present disaster at Chilpan cingo, Mexico. Real estate transfers In the Im perial district aggregating $30,000 were filed for record last Saturday showing great activity in the sec tion.—National City Record. D. Nicoll, in charge of the experi ment station at Imperial, was in town yesterday. Everything is prosperous in that neck of the woods, he says.— Riverside Enterprise. IMPERIAL PRESS The True Garden of Hesperides. Joseph D. Lynch's monthly periodi cal for May, the "Resources of South ern California," conies laden with the golden ripe thoughts well worth read- Ing. As a sample of this veteran jour nalist's style, we quote this para graph: Just as science often Beem- Ingly conflicts with religion; Just as astronomical observations and geolog ical conclusions invite skepticism and doubt; so, sometimes, the aggregated efforts of the press of Central and Northern California to misrepresent the climate and citrus possibilities of Southern California by unfair com parisons confuses the seeker after oc cidental happiness and pursuits. But just as surely as the seeker after uni versal truths concludes there is a Su preme Creator and Ruler of all things, so the California immigrant quickly satisfies himself that the true Garden of Hesperides embraces that portion of our state generally designated as Southern California, and particularly the luxuriant counties of Santa Bar bara, Ventura, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego, whose superb climatic excel lences, prodigality of soil, and bland ishments of seasons are accurately known throughout our land. Airships to Race 900 Miles. A long-distance airship race from St Louis to Washington, D.C., will be one of the features of the aerial tour nament at the World's Fair. The only condition attached to this, the longest race in air ever undertaken, is that the prize shall go to the craft landing nearest a fixed point in the national capital. This is only one of the features of the tournament and points and a special prize will be given to the winner. Other items on the program include cash prizes for the lightest airship motor for the greatest height attained, for the longest time in the air, for the longest distance traversed in any di rection and for the fastest straight way run of a mile and a return. The contest for the grand prize of $100,000 will be over a course about ten miles long. Each contestant will have three trials and his average time will be considered his official record. The time must be at least twenty miles an hour to be considered. There is a move on foot to build a fine drive connecting Riverside and Redlands. This is right. Southern California should not only be grid ironed with electric car lines but fine drives should be built to connect all permanent points. To Bridge New River. While in the New River country next week, County Surveyor Ward and Supervisor Jasper will make an examination of the new roads. It is proposed to put a bridge over the New River for the convenience of the peo ple during the annual overflow of the Colorado, which generally occurs about the middle of June.— San Diego Union. Perfectly Satisfied. Papa: Is the teacher satisfied with you ? Toby: Oh, quite. Papa: Did he tell you so? Toby: Yes. After a close examin ation he said to me the other day, "If all my, scholars were like you I would shut up my school this very day!" That shows that I know enough. — Stray Stories. The Real Trouble. Burroughs: Yes, I'm deeply in debt. Goodman: I gave you credit for having more sense. Burroughs: But the trouble is my tailor gave me credit for having more dollars.— Philadelphia Press. Early Alfalfa. It is exactly five weeks ago since C. E. Mawby began cutting his last crop of alfalfa, and now his men are hauling another cutting off the field. Pretty fair? — Indio Submarine, May 10, 1902. The Imperial Press, of San Diego county, is an excellent exponent of the advantages of the colony it rep resents, and has the distinction of be ing the lowest down publication in the world. It is printed 74 feet below sea level. — Orange News. Canteloupes at Indio. Martin Buksky, a former resident of Oxnard, returned to this place on Tuesday after a stay of a few months at Indio near Kokel. He reported that two weeks ago, at the time of the two days of heavy west wind in this valley, one of like character swept with unresisting force across the Indio Valley, ruining crops. As a result the melon crop will probably only be about half as large as was expected. He also reported that the country was being cleared off well, and that Geo. Bugbee and others from this section had progressed very rapidly on the improvement of their land. As the district opens up wind brakes, etc., will be built to protect it from the violent winds. — Oxnard Courier. From Desert to Garden. The Imperial Land Company has is sued a very handsome booklet entitled " From Desert to Garden," describing with words and pictures the great transformation which has taken place on the Colorado Desert in this^ county during the past two years. The cover of the booklet is an artistic piece of work in colors representing an es thetic looking damsel in a Jenness Miller gown stretching out her arms over a landscape dotted with orchards and beautiful homes. The illustra tions are from photographs showing the actual growth of crops during the past season. — San Diego Sun. FIRST NATIONAL BANK — =*„ Largest National Bank in Southern California CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS - - - $760,000.00 DEPOSITS ..... . $4,750,000,00 J. M. Elliott, II\IITFn CTATFC ** ra * e » President U 111 ILLI M AILJ 2 nd Vice-Pres. W. G. Kerckhoff, DE P 0 S I T AR V W.T. S.Hammond, Vice-President Cashier I FARMERS »< MERCHANTS 1 © INCORPORATED QIUM OP § | 1871 DAHH LOS ANGELES | I Oldest and Largest Bank in Southern California 1 I CAPITAL • . OFFICERS 1 ® ZT *,' ' . TTL ISAIAS W. HELLMAN. President S ® SURPLUS HERMAN W. HELLMA.N, Vice President S ® w%^§ mi h— wv~r J. A. GRAVES, 2nd Vice President «( S ANDlJ|\ir^|\/|r)Err^ OHAKLES SEYLWR, Cashier g tt) W I VL/I V lUL.U GUSTAV HEIMANN, Ass't Cashier © 2 PROFITS DIRECTORS ® ®&l OAO OO ft A A W. 11. PERRY J. F. FRANCIS S ® OI|U9ObiIOOhUII °- X - Tl[t)M l - w - HELLMAN, Jit. « © wwjwww-ww IN yAN NUYa H w HELLMAN » » j Ai GBAVEa WM l^oY 8 ® nFPfKiTi <t7 Rnn nnn nn °- w - ohilds a. haas g * UErUOllO) 3>f,OUU,UUU.UU I. W. HELLMAN @ I SPECIAL SAFETY DEPOSIT DEPARTMENT | %s^ Arlnlnh Fppsp 126 s# spriwg st- /UiUI " 11 ' ' WC!P LOS ANGELES, CAL. /jinr^ MANUFACTURER OF AND DEALER IN ,jj^ Optical, Mathematical and Engineering Instruments. DRAWING INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS. xjjjtf Mail orders promptly attended to. HARDWARE AND EVERYTHING IN COOKING AND HEATING APPLIANCES Cass & Srnurr Stove Co. LOS ANGELES. CAL. Change of Line. The Southern Pacific is preparing to abandon 100 miles of its main line west of Yuma, and will build a branch to take in the Imperial colony lands, and will follow the south Instead of the north line of the Colorado desert. At Imperial a branch line will be built to San Diego. The company already has a force of surveyors in the field, and on account of the flat surface of the country it will take but a short time to complete the lines. — Tombstone Prospector. Nothing but Frosting. The exaggerated report regarding alkali at Imperial calls to mind the Los Nietos farmer, who when inter rogated regarding certain white spots on his productive acres, answered, "Yes, it looks like alkali and tastes like alkali, in fact is alkali, but on land that has raised a large family, lifted a big mortgage anu paid the taxes it's only frosting on the pound cake of plenty." — Riverside Enter prise. There are now planted at and near Imperial, the new Colorado Desert town, over six thousand acres of grain and other annual crops. The Press gives the figures at 3572 acres of bar ley, 391 of wheat, 69 of oats, 1448 of alfalfa, and 793 of all other crops. And they are all growing with a lush luxuriance that puts alkali tales to the blush. — Redlands Citrograph.