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Imperial Press AND FARMER Published each Saturday at Imperial, San Diego County, Cal., by IMPERIAL PRESS PUBLISHING CO. EDGAR r. HOWE Manager. SUBSCRIPTION: One year .... $1.50 Six Months • • • • .75 Entered at the Imperial, California, lNistoflice as Ki>cntul-cl;iKn mail matter. SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1902. San Diego postoffice has been made first class. That fits the natural classification of the town. The limit has been about reached when striking undertak ers at Buffalo desert a corpse and striking newspaper writers in Columbus refuse to peaceably turn their places over to their successors. It is remarkable how quickly the people of the world rushed supplies forward for the relief of the 30,000 people who perished from the volcanic eruption in the West Indies. That dead men do not need food and clothing was an afterthought. Thk last writer quotes the tem perature at Salton at 140 degrees' for several weeks each summer. The next one will probably make it 410. Meanwhile the greatest atmospheric heat ever officially reported from any part of the earth was 127 degrees. Engineer Richards, it is re ported, will new run a hasty line for the San Diego and Eastern railroad south of the completed survey, keeping on the Mexican side of the line most of the way. It is thought by some that easier gradients can be found in Mex cio. It has often been claimed that figs are not a profitable crop, but one acre of fig orchard in Butte county, belonging; to James H. Leg^ett, has produced $80,000, according to the Fruit World. It was taken out of the ground in the form of gold with a dry washer. The Los Angeles Herald is making a most creditable on slaught on a notorious dive in that city, though the dive ap pears to have official protection. The time will come in Los Ange les politics when the question will be seriously asked what power selects the police commissioners, that they should be so careful not to offend the saloons. Ouk duty to Cuba, in the minds of some of the Eastern statesmen and newspapers, is illustrated by the injunction: "One thing thou lackest; go thy way, sell what soever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shall have treas ure in heaven." But some way the American people are averse to dividing their possessions among the poor members of the Sugar Trust. Shipping copper matte to New Jersey from Arizona and Mon tana, there to be refined and drawn into wire and in great part shipped back west for use, is one of the errors of modern indus try. If a refining and drawing plant is to be established in Los Angeles* as the Herald says, that is of immense importance to the entire Southwest. In fifty years the number of wage earners in the country was multiplied by s^, their wages by 10, and the value of their pro duct by 13, which implies not only that the wage earners and employers gained great benefit directly, but that they gained in direct benefit in the lower cost of commodities purchased. The monetary day's wage has in creased 82 per cent in fifty years, but the purchasing power of the wage has increased more than 100 per cent. World's Work says that in undertaking the enforcement of the anti-trust law, President Roosevelt has not manifested an tagonism to corporations, per se. It is less important what the President's intention is than what the effect of his act will be. Po litical despotism in England gained in force steadily until the nobles forced King John to sign Magna Charta. They had no thought of other reforms, but the first step from despotism of ne cessity implied other steps. For more than a century the Ameri can people have been building the corporate idea, which led its logical course to the despotism of the trust, with never a break in the steady progress toward that end until the President began the enforcement of the anti-trust law, and thus took the initial step away from industrial despotism, which reform will of necessity follow its logical course. It makes no difference what the President may inted, but it is of vital importance whither the new and now inevitable course of re form leads. GOLDEN RULE IN GOVERNMENT Pesident Roosevelt declares in favor of the Decalogue and the Golden Rule as guides for the Nation. This is an entire nov elty in ideas of Government. There has, in all history, been no more than a very thin pretense that Government was based on a higher ethical standard than ex pediency, and there have conse quently grown up two parallel, but entirely different, conceptions of ethics, one for the private in dividual and another for officials and Government. If President IMPERIAL PRESS Roosevelt will annex the Golden Rule to American political ideas he will have made a conquest greater than any feat of arms, for incidentally he will command the respect of all Nations. But the establishment of that idea in Government will imply the abandonment of some of the other ideas long cherished in America. For instance, to en force the Monroe doctrine in its radical interpretation, demanding the right for this Nation to ex pand notonly on the two Ameri can continents, but also in Asia, while denying equal privileges to Nations like Germany, already overstocked with people, is a de nial of the principles of the Golden Rule and an act of inter national economic suicide, for the pent-up forces of Europe must some day explode, to the disad vantage of all Nations. CHAPTER ON CLIMATE One hesitates to speak of the climate of the desert, for the reason that any statement is lia ble to be as completely misunder stood as is the general conception of the desert among people who have never experienced it. And yet the Press wishes, if possible, tog-iveits readers a frank and fair statement of conditions here in such a way that they will know just what to expect if they come here, and probably the best way to do that is to analyze the the climate of a summer day. The first day really typical of summer was Wednesday of this week, when mercury g-ot to 113. Naturally people who know noth ing of the desert will think that is awful, but as a matter of fact, there was not a person or a team in the valley that quit work be cause of heat, and there was probably many a place in the country where mercury only g-ot to 80 degress that there was vastly more discomfort. A comprehension of this condi THE BUSINESS MAN IS KNOWN BY HIS STATIONERY Some Write Their Letters on Wrapping Paper THAT IS NOT BUSINESS-LIKE Others write on Dainty "Society Note Heads" THAT IS EVEN MUCH WORSE Any business man ought to have business stationery that tells of business, notonly in what is printed, but in the very looks of it. THE PRESS IS PREPARED TO DO BUSINESS PRINTING FOR BUSINESS MEN tion lies in an understanding of the effect of humidity on temper ature. A thermometer the bulb of which is kept wet is the only instrument which records the tem perature according to a person's sense of heat, and when the dry bulb thermometer recorded 113 Wednesday, the wet bulb marked 80. That is to say that one felt the heat here about as he would feel 80 degrees in San Francisco, New York or any other locality of almost constant saturation of the air, or about as he would feel 90 degrees in Los Angeles. The morning heat, for an hour or two, was a little oppressive, there being little air stirring, but about 10 o'clock a fine breeze came in from the Gulf of Califor nia, continuing through the day and giving place to a stronger breeze from the Pacific in the ev ening, the thermometer then dropping to about 70, giving a splendid atmosphere for sleeping. The day thus outlined came within six degrees of reaching the maximum temperature of last summer, and it can be pre sumed that it is a fair test of a hot summer day. To give an idea of the weather we are having, the following comparison is made between the maximum and minimum atmos pheric temperature and the max imum sensible, or wet bulb, tem perature during ten days: Date Max. Mm. Sensible 19 89 57 59 20 89 51 59 21 94 54 63 22 ' 95 57 1 65 23 93 56 64 24 105 59 72 25 104 67 72 , 26 107 ' 69 76 27 110 71 77 28 113 68 80 If one were to say that 80 was the highest temperature we have had this year and 85 is about as high as we can expect to have, he would be speaking according to the comprehension of inhabi tants of countries having exces sively humid atmosphere.