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The largest tree, which must have been a very king of its race, stands on the summit of a sun-baked, desolate foot hill. It is twenty-six and one-half feet In circumference and fourteen feet In height, with roots imbedded In the solid rock. Almost all of these trees are perfectly preserved, even to the bark, which in some cases is five inches thick. In the racks all about the trees are impressions of branches, leaves and even cones and fruits that must have belonged to them. The trees with the thick bark were conifers like the se quoias, or "big" trees of California, and quite likely were their direct an cestors. Others were like our common trees — that is, such trees as oaks, chestnuts, beeches, elms, maples and magnolias. The only living trees found in the vicinity of the fossil forests are pines and spruces and two kinds of cottonwood. — L. H. Hamilton in Phoe nix Republican. E. H. Harriman Talks. E. H. Harriman, president of the Southern Pacific System, is a railroad man. He believes in taking the peo ple of the state of California into his confidenceconcerningthe future policy of his road, as was shown at the ban quet recently tendered him at San Francisco. He realizes that methods of transportation are forging ahead each year and that to keep up with the band wagon the Southern Pacific must take for its motto: "Improve ment, the order of the hour." He also realizes that telling the people his plans is' the best method of securing their good will and assistance. Among, other things, he said: "I think, for the first time in your lives, you've got the entire Southern Pacific railroad before you, and we are not unwilling to be under inspection. But in talking to you, I am not like the preacher who had a congregation at his mercy). I want you to talk back. "Today we give you Inadequate transportation facilities, but I assure you that it is your fault, and not ours. You have simply grown too fast for us, and I am here now to pledge the word of the Southern Pa cific that you will not lead us for a very long time. We are going to catch up. We have added eight-four per cent, to its freight equipment, and the same proportion to our carrying capac ity. We reduced grades, eliminated curves, and spared no expense to make a perfect road. We built one hundred and fifty-eight miles of new track to shorten our road thirty miles — an en gineering problem that is difficult of comprehension, but perfectly true — and we think now that the Union Pa cific is all that a railroad ought to be. It takes some nerve, gentlemen, to spend five or six millions of dollars on work of that sort these days, but we did it; did it cheerfully. "And we are going to spend twenty millions of dollars on the Southern Pacific. That means improvements in the coast line from San Francisco to Los Angeles; the finishing of the tun nei through the Simi Pass, and the reduction of grades, the elimination of curves, the building of new bridges, the improvement of the road-bed, and the laying of new rails from Los An geles to El Paso. We have fifty-pound rails now; we are going to have eighty-pound rails. And while I am on the subject of road improvement, I want to tell you that from Reno to Ogden, a distance of five hundred and eighty miles, we have reduced the percentage of grades from ninety seven feet to the mile to twenty-one feet. We have so cut out curves that a train, which used to describe sixty circles in making; the trip now de scribes but twenty. We have added eight thousand freight cars to the equipment of the Southern Pacific. We have increased its oil-carrying capac ity four hundred per cent., and In ad dition we can store 4,500,000 barrels of fuel oil along our line for our own use. I Bay all these things to you, gentle men, because I think it Is time you knew what we are doing, and are try ing to do. It has not been said before. "Of the future of my own system, I have, perhaps, not told all that I can tell. Some day we are going to burrow through the Nevada Moun tains, and that I promise you now we will do. But we will have to get ter mlnal facilities here, and we have al ready begun to ask for them. We want a terminal for our coast and bay shore lines. We want them without delay, and, gentlemen, we want to get them without resorting to any questionable methods. In all your future dealings with the Southern Pacific, we shall be open and above board. Most every man thinks he can run a railroad, and we are going to try to run ours ac cording to the highest ideals." Will the Delta Alkali Rise? Some weeks since the Los Angeles Herald, published an article review ing the governmental reports on al kali on the Colorado Delta, which, like the reports themselves, did not do justice to the situation in that country. Justice to the Imperial set tlers has, however, now been done in the following article which appeared under the above caption in the Sun day Herald of May 25.' The existence of alkali in the various soils of the Colorado River Delta, known as the desert, is con ceded by all concerned in the recla mation of these rich lands, and ex perience in other parts of the coun try, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and California, has led to the general belief that alkali will rise to the surface of these delta soils on being irrigated, as it has done on irrigated lands in the other parts of the coun try named. Being earnestly assured by one who has been familiar for years with the fact that irrigation has developed destructive areas of alkali by bringing it to the surface in various parts of California, that the alkali in these desert soils does not rise, even where tuey have been abundantly! irrigated for ages, the Orchard and Ranch editor requested him to write out his views for pub lication, since such information is of great interest to a large number of people who have already settled on this delta land or are preparing to do so; and he has kindly complied with this request. Here is what he says : During the past year the United States soil division of the agricul tural department sent experts to the Imperial Settlements to study the al kali question. Soon after the depart ment published a report which gave a detailed statement of how much al kali was found in various localities and the probable effect of that alkali deposit on growing crops. A little later Prof. E. W. Hilgard of the California State University is sued a similar report from data col lected by an expert sent to Imperial by him. These two reports agreed in some respects and differed in others. There was very little land found where the alkali was of sufficient quantity to prevent the growth of crops. The whole force of both reports was to be found in the question as to whether it would come to the surface and become worse or whether it would go down and become better. The Herald, in a recent issue, re viewed the Hilgard report at some length, but in doing so there were some facts set forth in the govern ment report which were not suffi ciently taken into consideration. These facts bear on the question of whether or not the alkali would rise so as to do damage. In tnis respect both reports seem to have been de fective in that they did not call at tention to these points which appear to be well taken. For ages past the Colorado River has had its periods of high -water annually in June. As a rule, in time of such high water, the river has overflowed the country adjacent to it on the west, and these overflow wa ters have found their way into the Carter and Padrones Rivers, thence into New River and thence north ward toward the Salton Sink. Some years this flood overflows more or less land adjacent to the stream and other years the rivers do not get out of their banks. Mesquite Lake is sometimes filled so as to cover sev eral sections of land and then again it goes entirely dry. Last summer when the government experts were at work in the Imperial Settlements there was little or no water In this lake. Now it Is full and running over. The government report shows that tae land In and around the Mesquite Lake is among the best lands in this section of country. If the character of this country Is such that the flood IMPERIAL PRESS ing of the land would bring alkali to the surface then the land in and around Mesquite Lake ought to be the worst land from an alkali point of view to be found on the desert, for when that lake fills with water the depth of the water ranges from nothing around the margin to about twelve feet in depth in the center. This water evaporates and dries away or sinks away through the soil. If the water washes out the alkali here, why will it not do it elsewhere? But there are other localities where the same results are obtained. Along New River and around Cameron and Blue Lakes the water frequently floods a few hundred acres of land, but the facts are that instead of developing more alkali — bringing more alkali to the surface — this flooded land contains the least amount of alkali of any adjoining sections, and produces good crops. Again, last season, water was in troduced through the canal system for the first time in June. After that date a large area was hooded and sown to sorghum, millet and kindred crops. The lands that were flooded last year are doing the best this year. It is not necessary to theorize on what flooding the land will do when it can be shown what flooding the land has done. In this case facts seem to be conclusive and great in justice has been done to this great ir rigation enterprise, and the hundreds of settlers who are developing their lands under that irrigation system, by intimating that possible damage CIBST NATIONAL BANK T~. Largest National Bank in Southern California CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS - - - $760,000,00 DEPOSITS - - - - - - $4,750,000.00 j. m. Elliott, 1 1 \I I T F n JtC * Drake > President UIMICU jl AI L J 2nd Vice-Pres. W. G. Kerckhoff, DEPOSITARY W.T.S.Hammond, Vice-President Cashier ' FARMERS - MERCHANTS INCORPORATED QJ|U|# OF 1871 DHIII% LOS ANGELES Oldest and Largest Bank in Southern California CAPITAL OFFICERS o||f -_. rTL IS AI AS W. HELLM AN. President OUnrLUS HERMAN W. HELLMAN, Vice President . *._ I I iTVr-t ■« MXi.^ J> X - QRAVES . 2nd Vice President AND M Mf\ I \/ I D CT r% CHARLES SEYLKR, Cashier w JZ tl~f\—U GUSTAV HEIMANN, Ass't Cashier r nOrITS directors I OAO ODD A A W. 11. PERRY J. F. FRANCIS OIIUuOIuOSIiUU °- E< TI[OM I- W. HELLMAN, JH. ' WJWWWBWW IN> VAN Nuyfl Hw _ HELLMAN J. A. GRAVES WM. LACY DEPOSITS, $7,500,000.00 ° w OHIL f w . „&&&■ SPECIAL SAFETY DEPOSIT DEPARTMENT *k<x Arlnlnh Frpw 126 s - spring st. rtUU 'I JII ' ' CM; ' LOS ANGELES, CAL. 7l>4?^V manukactukkr of and dealer in Optical, Mathematical and Engineering Instruments. J&|j&|» DRAWING INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS. Tfcjay Mail orders promptly attended to. HARDWARE AND EVERYTHING IN COOKING AND HEATING APPLIANCES Cass & Smurr Stove Co. LOS ANGELES, OAL. may In the future be done by Irriga ting the land when the facts prove beyond all question that such soaking of the land is a benefit rather than a detriment. Didn't Die— Simply Slept. The Riverside Enterprise in speaking of San Diego, puts the case very fairly when it says: It has been the pleasure of some papers and people in Southern Cali fornia during the past dozen years to periodically take a fling at San Diego, something after the fashion of the In dio Submarine, which says: "Any town emulating San Diego is likely to be left at the first quarter. That city has been at a standstill since 1893." The Submarine knows not whereof it speaks. San Diego, like some other parts of California, went to sleep when the bottom fell out of the boom sev eral years ago. But, unlike some parts of California, San Diego has wakened from her sleep and taken unto herself new energy. For the past two or three years an activity which is daily making itself felt with greater force is at work in the city of Bay-'n-cli mate. Judicious advertising by an en ergetic chamber of commerce is at tracting thousands to the city and county, a great storage irrigation sys tem is in prospect, and a straight line to Yuma, which will place San Diego in close touch with the East, is prac tically assured. San Diego is all right, and should have the praise instead of the pity of her neighbors.